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ISRAEL Worshippers High Priest Priesthood Worshippers Place Primary place Other place Time Primary time Other time Purpose Primary purpose Secondary Purpose Method Method of worship Sacrifice Primary acceptable sacrifice Other acceptable sacrifices Result Result Law Old Covenant — Aaronic priesthood; Holy days & Sabbath; Sacrificial & cleansing laws New Covenant — Melchizedek priesthood; Greatest Commandment; New Commandment; Teachings of Jesus (Hb 8-10; Mt 5-7) Old & New Covenant — Priesthood patterned after the Aaronic; Sundays and special holidays; Old & New Testament commands Physical cleansing Forgiveness of sins; Cleansing of conscience (Hb 10) Animal sacrifices Harvest offerings; corporate songs; cleansing rituals Jesus Christ’s death (Jn 15.13) One’s life in relation to others (Rm 12) Jesus Christ's death Ministry & private devotion Physical sacrifices & offerings, rituals, & songs Living sacrifice (Rm 12) in “spirit & truth” (Jn 4) Corporate songs & teaching Love God Offer physical sacrifices Love God by loving neighbor (Jn 15.13; 1Jn 4) as a living sacrifice (Rm 12) Praise & worship Christian education Holy Days & Sabbath Daily Entire life (Rm 12); No particular time (Rm 14) Weekly worship service Other designated time Temple Altars Life of the Church; Not a place (Jn 4) Church Building Other designated places Human high priest Aaronic & Levitical Israelites Jesus Christ (Jn 15.13) The Church (1Pt 2.9) Jesus Christ Clergy or Pastors Laity EARLY CHURCH MODERN CHURCH
Forgiveness of sins; Fulfillment in ministry
Notes On songs Songs are part of the temple worship & ritual Corporate gatherings are held annually; community gatherings at the synagogue were part of tradition Songs are offered to God (1Co 14.15; Ep 5.19; Col 3.16) and to each other Church gatherings are for edifying one another (1Co 14) Corporate songs are offered to God Corporate gatherings are held annually and weekly; designed to praise God and teach the laity
On corporate meetings