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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF WORSHIP

ISRAEL EARLY CHURCH MODERN CHURCH

Worshippers

High Priest Human high priest Jesus Christ (Jn 15.13) Jesus Christ

Priesthood Aaronic & Levitical Clergy or Pastors
The Church (1Pt 2.9)
Worshippers Israelites Laity

Place

Primary place Temple Church Building
Life of the Church;
Other place Altars Not a place (Jn 4) Other designated places

Time

Primary time Holy Days & Sabbath Weekly worship service
Entire life (Rm 12);
Other time Daily No particular time (Rm 14) Other designated time

Purpose

Primary purpose Love God Love God by loving Praise & worship
neighbor (Jn 15.13; 1Jn 4)
Secondary Purpose Offer physical sacrifices as a living sacrifice (Rm 12) Christian education

Method

Physical sacrifices & Living sacrifice (Rm 12) in
Method of worship Corporate songs & teaching
offerings, rituals, & songs “spirit & truth” (Jn 4)

Sacrifice

Primary acceptable Jesus Christ’s death
Animal sacrifices Jesus Christ's death
sacrifice (Jn 15.13)

Other acceptable Harvest offerings; corporate One’s life in relation to
Ministry & private devotion
sacrifices songs; cleansing rituals others (Rm 12)

Result

Forgiveness of sins;
Forgiveness of sins;
Result Physical cleansing Cleansing of conscience
Fulfillment in ministry
(Hb 10)

Law

New Covenant —
Old & New Covenant —
Old Covenant — Melchizedek priesthood;
Priesthood patterned after
Aaronic priesthood; Holy Greatest Commandment;
Applicable law the Aaronic; Sundays and
days & Sabbath; Sacrificial New Commandment;
special holidays; Old & New
& cleansing laws Teachings of Jesus
Testament commands
(Hb 8-10; Mt 5-7)

Notes

Songs are offered to God
Songs are part of the Corporate songs are offered
On songs (1Co 14.15; Ep 5.19; Col
temple worship & ritual to God
3.16) and to each other

Corporate gatherings are
Corporate gatherings are
held annually; community Church gatherings are for
On corporate held annually and weekly;
gatherings at the edifying one another
meetings designed to praise God and
synagogue were part of (1Co 14)
teach the laity
tradition