FUTURE PROPULSION

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N.VAIDYANATHAN 1020910206

Rocket engines generally produce a high temperature reaction mass. This bell-shaped nozzle is what gives a rocket engine its characteristic shape. . The extremely hot gas is then allowed to escape through a high-expansion ratio nozzle. • • • This is achieved by combusting a solid. as a hot gas. converting most of the thermal energy into kinetic energy. • The effect of the nozzle is to dramatically accelerate the mass. liquid or gaseous fuel with an oxidiser within a combustion chamber.CONVENTIONAL PROPULSION • Most rocket engines are internal combustion heat engines .

NEW TYPES OF PROPULSIONS a)ABLATIVE LASER PROPULSION b)PULSED PLASMA PROPULSION c)CW PLASMA PROPULSION d)HEAT EXCHANGER THRUSTER e)PHOTONIC LASER THRUSTER .

if present.BASICS Laser ablation is the process of removing material from a solid (or occasionally liquid) surface by irradiating it with a laser beam. Ionization can be induced by other means. plasma is a state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion of the particles are ionized. the material is heated by the absorbed laser energy and evaporates or sublimates. At high laser flux. . the material is typically converted to a plasma. In physics and chemistry. At low laser flux. and is accompanied by the dissociation of molecular bonds. such as strong electromagnetic field applied with a laser or microwave generator.

. This form of propulsion differs from a conventional chemical rocket where both energy and reaction mass come from the solid or liquid propellants carried on board the vehicle.WHAT IS LASER PROPULSION? Laser propulsion is a form of beam-powered propulsion where the energy source is a remote (usually ground-based) laser system and separate from the reaction mass.

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