DOE/NETL-2002/1169

Process Equipment Cost Estimation
Final Report

January 2002

H.P. Loh
U.S. Department of Energy
National Energy Technology Laboratory
P.O. Box 10940, 626 Cochrans Mill Road
Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940
and
P.O. Box 880, 3610 Collins Ferry Road
Morgantown, WV 26507-0880
and

Jennifer Lyons and Charles W. White, III
EG&G Technical Services, Inc.
3604 Collins Ferry Road, Suite 200
Morgantown, WV 26505

Disclaimer
This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States
Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their
employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or
responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,
product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights.
Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,
trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,
recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The
views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the
United States Government or any agency thereof.

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Contents
Abstract ............................................................................................................................... 1
Background ......................................................................................................................... 1
Results and Usage ............................................................................................................... 2
Assessment.......................................................................................................................... 3
Conclusions/Recommendations.......................................................................................... 3
Cost Curves.................................................................................................................... 5-39
Vertical Vessel ............................................................................................................................. 5
Horizontal Vessel......................................................................................................................... 6
Storage Tanks .............................................................................................................................. 7
Valve Tray Column – 15 psig ...................................................................................................... 8
Valve Tray Column – 150 psig .................................................................................................... 9
Sieve Tray Column – 15 psig ..................................................................................................... 10
Sieve Tray Column – 150 psig ................................................................................................... 11
Packed Column – 15 psig .......................................................................................................... 12
Packed Column – 150 psig ........................................................................................................ 13
Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger ................................................................................................ 15
Air Cooler .................................................................................................................................. 16
Spiral Plate Heat Exchanger ..................................................................................................... 17
Furnace...................................................................................................................................... 18
Cooling Tower ........................................................................................................................... 19
Package Steam Boiler................................................................................................................ 20
Evaporators ............................................................................................................................... 21
Crushers .................................................................................................................................... 22
Mills........................................................................................................................................... 23
Dryers ........................................................................................................................................ 24
Centrifuges ................................................................................................................................ 25
Filters ........................................................................................................................................ 26
Agitator...................................................................................................................................... 27
Rotary Pump .............................................................................................................................. 28

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....................................... 46 Appendix A............... 51 Appendix B .............................................................................................................. 31 Vacuum Pump................... 36 Gas Turbine ............................................................................................................................Inline Pump .................................................... 29 Centrifugal Pump ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 Reciprocating Compressor .............. 52 iv ..................................................................................... 33 Centrifugal Compressor ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 39 Cost Indexes........................................................................................................................................................................................ 38 Steam Turbine – over 1000 Horsepower ..................................................................................................................................... 35 Rotary Blower................................................................................................... 37 Steam Turbine – under 1000 Horsepower..................................................................... 34 Centrifugal Fan .................................... 30 Reciprocating Pump .................

................................................ 49 Table 11 Chemical Engineering Plant Cost Index............................ 50 v .....................List of Tables Table 1 Packing Costs...Gas Processes............................ 42 Table 5 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials ......Gas Processes.................Solids Handling Processes ............ 48 Table 10 Nelson-Farrar Refinery Construction Index .................................. 44 Table 7 Factors for Converting Carbon Steel to Equivalent Alloy Costs.............................................. 40 Table 3 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials – Solids ............ 43 Table 6 Distributive Labor Factors for Setting Equipment ............... 41 Table 4 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials ........................................ 45 Table 8 Engineering News Record Construction Cost Index ..................................... 47 Table 9 Marshall and Swift Installed-Equipment Index ...........................................Liquid and Slurry Systems................. 15 Table 2 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials .......................

There are a number of tools available to NETL engineers to assist in the performance and evaluation of chemical process equipment cost estimates. IPE requires well-defined process configuration and process parameters that typical proposals do not provide. To leverage the cost information contained within IPE. The cost curves and other information contained in this report can then be used to develop the overall process plant capital cost using the factored estimation methodology. When used with appropriate values for the adjustable design and construction parameters. Rather. is more suitable for that application. Sizing is performed using common engineering methodologies from intrinsic sizing algorithms. and other environmental management applications. NETL engineers and scientists need to both perform order of magnitude cost estimates and evaluate and assess cost estimates contained in proposals for novel processes. steel. civil.Abstract This report presents generic cost curves for several equipment types generated using ICARUS Process Evaluator. IPE is a sophisticated and industryaccepted software tool for generating cost estimates. fuel processing. detailed cost estimates are not justified. CO2 capture and sequestration. The curves give Purchased Equipment Cost as a function of a capacity variable. process facility designs. it is not practical or cost-effective to use IPE for the assessment of cost estimates contained in proposals for novel processes or in generating rough cost estimates from laboratory scale data. Instead. order of magnitude level cost estimates or as an aid in evaluating the reasonableness of cost estimates submitted with proposed systems studies or proposals for new processes. IPE utilizes self-contained equipment. a series of cost curves for different equipment types were generated. Background As part of its mission to identify and develop practical and viable processes for power production. and engineering and construction schedules. a cost-effective methodology widely used in industry. This work was performed to assist NETL engineers and scientists in performing rapid. The IPE equipment library contains over 320 process equipment types. IPE provides a highly detailed and accurate cost estimate. 1 . the factored estimation methodology. Furthermore. the program is very complex and both expensive and time consuming to learn and use. One such tool is ICARUS Process Evaluator (IPE). In these applications where process and technological specifics are lacking. and paint sizing and design algorithms for a preliminary equipment model that is properly integrated and evaluated for many safety and operability issues. insulation. The specific equipment types contained in this report were selected to represent a relatively comprehensive set of conventional chemical process equipment types. chemicals processing. instrumentation. rough estimates that can be obtained relatively quickly are more suitable. However. electrical. In general. piping.

storage. The specific equipment types were selected by NETL and intended to represent a relatively comprehensive set of conventional chemical process equipment types that might be encountered in processes relevant to CO2 capture and sequestration. 2 . The material charges include the delivered equipment costs and installation bulk material costs. painting and miscellaneous. accessories. and other factors. mechanical connection. • Vendor engineering. 1 The factors vary depending on the type of process and the temperature and pressure of the system.Results and Usage For this activity. shop inspection. certification. piping. a general file was created in ICARUS Process Evaluator version 5. storage. shells. This total material cost includes: • Internals. etc as noted for each piece equipment. start-up/commissioning). alignment. covers.40. nozzles. In addition to the graphs. insulation. • FOB Vendor. The cost versus sizing capacity was plotted for each equipment type. • Freight. inspection. instruments. Each piece of equipment was then varied in size to generate costs for a spectrum of sizes. the applicable design specifications and equipment descriptions are provided as appropriate. The labor charges include labor for handling and placing bare equipment and labor for installation of bulk materials. manholes. The total material cost does not include: • Owner/contractor indirects (engineering. setting. Installation bulks consist of foundations.5 list distributive percentage factors that can be used to estimate installation bulk labor and materials for different plant types.” adopted November 1990.0 that contained several pieces of stand-alone equipment. • Typical manuals. • Packaging for shipment by land. structural steel. The data was then regressed to provide smoothed cost curves. testing) • Installation bulks The total capital cost of each piece of equipment includes material and labor charges. This installation material cost is then used as the base to apply the percentage factor for determining the associated labor cost involved. modularization. Tables 2 . taxes/duties • Field setting costs (off-loading. transportation. shop drawings shop testing. uncrating. The costs vary by type and size of 1 AACE Recommended Practices and Standards – “Conducting Technical and Economic Evaluations in the Process and Utility Industries. Handling and placing equipment involves unloading. insurance. The cost curves for the 31 different types of equipment examined in this report are shown on pages 6 . All graphs portray purchased equipment cost data. small tools. • Shop fabrication labor (and field labor if field-fabricated). The bare equipment cost is used as the base to apply the percentage factor for the installation material cost. buildings. • Packaging for overseas/air shipment. electrical.

setting costs can be estimated by using historical data or by applying factors. particularly pressure. “Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook. historical work hours provide more accurate costs. they should provide reasonable cost estimates for conditions that contain small or moderate deviations from the assumed design conditions. Robert H.” The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 The total cost for installing a piece of equipment would be the bare equipment cost plus the setting labor cost plus the installation bulks material and labor costs as determined from the distributive labor percentages. the charts are most accurate when used for the operating conditions listed as defaults for each equipment type. Nevertheless. Correlations to correct for deviations in some design variables. 2 Perry.equipment. estimates generated for conditions that deviate markedly from those used in this study should be used with caution. It should be noted that the factors do not work well for very large pieces of equipment. Green. Table 6 shows approximate factors for setting various types of equipment. 1999. the cost estimates derived from the cost curves contained in this report will provide accurate estimates. These conditions and other design parameters are listed for each equipment type. Conversion factors for converting the carbon steel costs to equivalent alloy costs for a few items of equipment are shown in Table 7. All costs in this document are reported in first quarter 1998 dollars. Assessment The charts can be used for preliminary purchased equipment cost estimates (i. are available in the literature. Appendix B shows the ICARUS generated purchased/ installed costs of the equipment used in each chart.e. . The data can also be used to provide reasonableness estimates when the actual design conditions are outside the expected values but the level of accuracy cannot be quantified. order of magnitude estimates with accuracy of +50%/-30% and budget estimates with accuracy of +30%/-15%). and Don W. The setting costs can be estimated by using historical work hours or by applying factors for labor cost as a percentage of delivered equipment cost. Without appropriate correction. Another limitation is that most of the charts give estimates for equipment manufactured from carbon steel. 3 .2 As mentioned previously. Inc. If available. See Appendix A for a detailed example.. Peters and Timmerhaus “Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers” is one such source for correction factor data. When used within the expected design conditions. Clearly. Conclusions/Recommendations This report contains cost curves for various equipment types at specific operating temperatures and pressures.

cost data for slurry pumps and solids conveying equipment would be useful for many of the technologies at NETL. 4 . it is recommended that a first-order sensitivity analysis of the cost curves be performed.To help quantify the error induced by large deviations in the design conditions. If requested. For example. Another activity that could improve the range of accuracy of the charts would be to run cases with various materials of construction to show how the price is affected. additional support can be provided to expand the set of equipment types beyond those examined in this report.

Gallons 5 10. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: Design Pressure: Diameter: Length: Total Weight: 650 °F 15 psig and 150 psig 2.Cost Curves Vertical Vessel Description: The vertical process vessel is erected in the vertical position. saddles. solid processing and storage. Vertical tanks include: process. storage applications liquid.000 $1. base ring. davits where applicable.3 feet 1. nozzles. single wall.000 –7. manholes. They are cylindrical in shape with each end capped by a domed cover called a head.000 Purchased Cost.7 – 13. pressure/vacuum code design for process and certain storage vessel types.100 pounds Vertical Vessel Purchased Equipment Cost $100.000 10 100 1.5 – 8 feet 2. legs or skirt.000 . $ 150 psig 15 psig $10. lugs. The length to diameter ratio of a vertical vessel is typically 3 to 1. includes heads.000 Capacity. gas.

$ $1. code design and construction. nozzles and manholes. clad/lined). Although the horizontal vessel may be supported by lugs in an open steel structure. includes head. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: Design Pressure: Diameter: Length: Total Weight: 650 °F 15 psig 2 – 14 feet 4.000. Cylindrical.3 – 81 feet 1100 –59.000 15 psig $10.400 pounds Horizontal Drum Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost.000 .000 100.Horizontal Vessel Description: The horizontal vessel is a pressure vessel fabricated according to the rules of the specified code and erected in the horizontal position. single wall (base material.000 10 100 1. saddles/lugs. the more usual arrangement is for the vessel to be erected at grade and supported by a pair of saddles. Gallons 6 10. pressure/vacuum.000 $1.000 Capacity.000 150 psig $100.

400 pounds Floating/Cone Roof Tanks Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost. Floating roof tanks are suitable for storage of products having vapor pressure from 2 to 15 psia.000 .000 10.000.000 Capacity.000 10.000 Floating roof tanks Cone roof tanks 100.000 1. Cone Roof: Typically field fabricated out of carbon steel. floating roofs are designed to completely contact the surface of the storage products and thereby eliminate the vapor space between the product level and the fixed roof.3 – 81 feet 1100 –59.Storage Tanks Description: Floating Roof: Typically constructed from polyurethane foam blocks or nylon cloth impregnated with rubber or plastic.000.000 100. They are used for storage of low vapor pressure (less than 2 psia) products.000 1. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: Design Pressure: Diameter: Length: Total Weight: 650 °F 15 psig 2 – 14 feet 4.000 – 1. typically ranging from 50.000.000. Gallons 7 10. $ 10.000 gallons.000.

distributor piping. tray supports (if designated). tray clips.) Tray Thickness: 0.133 feet Distillation Valve 24 Inches A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels. manholes (one manhole below and above tray stack or packed section and one manhole every tenth tray or 25 feet of packed height). $ x 1000 $1. base ring.000 Diameter = 15 ft $750 $500 Diameter = 10 ft Diameter = 5 ft $250 $0 0 10 20 30 40 Number of Trays 8 50 60 70 .Valve Tray Column – 15 psig Description: Pressure/vacuum column includes vessel shell. plates. single base material (lined or clad.19 Inches Single Diameter Valve Tray Column 15 psig Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost.500 Diameter = 20 ft $1. heads. lugs.250 $1. skirt or legs. jacket and nozzles for heating or cooling medium. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: Design Pressure: Height: Application: Tray Type: Tray Spacing: Tray Material: 650 °F 15 psig 17 . nozzles.

heads. lugs.400 Diameter = 15 ft 1. distributor piping. manholes (one manhole below and above tray stack or packed section and one manhole every tenth tray or 25 feet of packed height).000 800 600 Diameter = 10 ft 400 Diameter = 5 ft 200 0 0 10 20 30 40 Number of Trays 9 50 60 70 .000 Purchased Cost. tray supports (if designated). Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: 650 °F Design Pressure: 150 psig Height: 17 .800 Diameter = 20 ft 1.133 feet Application: Distillation Tray Type: Valve Tray Spacing: 24 Inches Tray Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels. single base material (lined or clad.600 1.) Tray Thickness: 0. $x1000 1. jacket and nozzles for heating or cooling medium. skirt or legs. plates. base ring.19 Inches Single Diameter Valve Tray Column 150 psig Purchased Equipment Cost 2. nozzles.200 1.Valve Tray Column – 150 psig Description: Pressure/vacuum column includes vessel shell. tray clips.

base ring.) Tray Thickness: 0. distributor piping. nozzles. tray clips. skirt or legs. heads. plates. $x 1000 $1.250 Diameter = 20 ft $1. tray supports (if designated).500 $1. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: Design Pressure: Height: Application: Tray Type: Tray Spacing: Tray Material: 650 °F 15 psig 17 .19 Inches Single Diameter Sieve Tray Column 15 psig Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost.000 Diameter = 15 ft $750 $500 Diameter = 10 ft $250 Diameter = 5 ft $0 0 10 20 30 40 Number of Trays 10 50 60 70 .133 feet Distillation Sieve 24 Inches A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels. jacket and nozzles for heating or cooling medium. manholes (one manhole below and above tray stack or packed section and one manhole every tenth tray or 25 feet of packed height). single base material (lined or clad.Sieve Tray Column – 15 psig Description: Pressure/vacuum column includes vessel shell. lugs.

) Tray Thickness: 0. tray clips.Sieve Tray Column – 150 psig Description: Pressure/vacuum column includes vessel shell. jacket and nozzles for heating or cooling medium.800 Diameter = 20 ft 1. lugs. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: 650 °F Design Pressure: 150 psig Height: 17 .400 1. tray supports (if designated).200 Diameter = 15 ft 1. distributor piping.000 800 600 Diameter = 10 ft 400 Diameter = 5 ft 200 0 0 10 20 30 40 Number of Trays 11 50 60 70 .19 Inches Single Diameter Sieve Tray Column 150 psig Purchased Equipment Cost 2.000 Purchased Cost. skirt or legs. nozzles. plates.600 1. $x1000 1.133 feet Application: Distillation Tray Type: Sieve Tray Spacing: 24 Inches Tray Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels. heads. base ring. manholes (one manhole below and above tray stack or packed section and one manhole every tenth tray or 25 feet of packed height). single base material (lined or clad.

single base material (lined or clad. distributor piping. lugs. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: 650 °F Design Pressure: 15 psig Application: Absorption Packed Column 15 psig Purchased Equipment Cost 60. jacket and nozzles for heating or cooling medium. tray supports (if designated).5 fe e t 30. base ring.5 fe e t ID=1 foot 10.000 ID=2 fe et 20.000 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 Packed Height.000 ID=3. plates. skirt or legs.000 ID=1. manholes (one manhole below and above tray stack or packed section and one manhole every tenth tray or 25 feet of packed height).Packed Column – 15 psig Description: Pressure/vacuum column includes vessel shell. Feet 12 60 70 80 .000 Purchased Cost. tray clips.000 ID=3 fe et ID=2. packing not included (see Table 1). nozzles.5 fe e t 40. $ 50. heads.

nozzles. plates.5 feet 10. tray supports (if designated).000 ID=3 feet ID=2.5 feet 30. packing not included (see Table 1). manholes (one manhole below and above tray stack or packed section and one manhole every tenth tray or 25 feet of packed height).000 ID=3.5 feet 50. base ring.000 ID=1 foot 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 Packed Height. distributor piping. $ 60. tray clips. lugs. jacket and nozzles for heating or cooling medium.Packed Column – 150 psig Description: Pressure/vacuum column includes vessel shell.000 ID=1. Feet 13 60 70 80 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Shell Material: A515 (Carbon Steel Plates for pressure vessels for intermediate and higher temperature service) Design Temperature: 650 °F Design Pressure: 150 psig Application: Absorption Packed Column 150 psig Purchased Equipment Cost 70. single base material (lined or clad. heads. skirt or legs.000 ID=2 feet 20.000 40.000 Purchased Cost.

dollar per cubic feet 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Diameter (Inches) 0.0 3.0 1.5 1.0 Polypropylene 33 29 21 8 - Stainless Steel 130 118 92 76 - Ceramic 31 28 23 21 - Porcelain 32 29 24 21 - Ceramic 119 14 12 12 11 Porcelain - 17 15 12 11 Stainless Steel - 111 94 59 54 Carbon Steel - 37 31 20 18 Pall Rings INTALOX Saddles Raschig Rings Activated Carbon 25 13X Molecular Sieve 61 Silica Gel 94 Calcium Chloride 11 14 .Table 1 Packing Costs Uninstalled cost.5 2.

$ 1.000 Surface Area.000 1. Square Feet 15 10.000 Purchased Cost.000.) Shell Temperature: Shell Pressure: Tube Material: 650 °F 150 psig A214 (Electric-resistance-welded carbon steel heat exchanger and condenser tubes) Tube Temperature: Tube Pressure: Tube Length: Tube Diameter: 650 °F 150 psig 10– 20 Feet 1 Inch Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Purchased Equipment Cost 10.000 10.Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Description: Shell and tube heat exchanger consists of a bundle of tubes held in a cylindrical shape by plates at either end called tube sheets. The size of the exchanger is defined as the total outside surface area of the tube bundle.000 10 100 1.000 .000 100.000. The tube bundle placed inside a cylindrical shell. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Type: Floating Head (BES)/ Fixed Head (BEM) Shell Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels.000 100. Maximum shell size is 48 Inches.

sizes. louver arrangements.000 100.Air Cooler Description: Variety of plenum chambers. fin types (or bare tubes).000 10.000 1.000 . Square Feet 16 10. multiple bays and multiple services within a single bay. $ 1.000 10 100 1.000.000 Bare Tube Area. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Tube Material: A214 (Electric-resistance-welded carbon steel heat exchanger and condenser tubes) Tube Length: Number of Bays: Power/ Fan: Bay Width: Design Pressure: Inlet Temperature: Tube Diameter: Plenum Type: Louver Type: Fin Type: 6 – 60 Feet 1–3 2 – 25 Horsepower 4 – 12 Feet 150 psig 300 °F 1 Inch Transition shaped Face louvers only L-footed tension wound Aluminum Air Cooler Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost. free-standing or rack mounted. materials.

0 00 10 .Chromium-Nickel stainless steel plate. S q ua re F e e t 17 10 .00 0 1.00 0 .000 10 10 0 1.000 H e a t T ra ns fe r Are a . $ 10 0.Spiral Plate Heat Exchanger Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: SS304 (High Alloy Steel . sheet and strip for fusion-welded unfired pressure vessels) Tube Pressure: 150 psig S p ira l P la te H e a t E x c h a n g e r P u rc h a s e d E q u ip m e n t C o s t Purchased Cost.

Walls of the furnace are refractory lined.0 0 0 .0 0 0 1 0 0 .Furnace Description: Gas or Oil fired vertical cylindrical type for low heat duty range moderate temperature with long contact time. M illio n B T U p e r ho ur 18 1 .0 0 0 1 10 100 H e a t D uty . $ 1 0 .0 0 0 .0 0 0 1 0 .0 0 0 .0 0 0 1 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Tube Material: A214 (Electric-resistance-welded carbon steel heat exchanger and condenser tubes) Design Pressure: 500 psig Design Temperature: 750 °F F u rna c e /P r o c e s s H e a te r P urc ha s e d E q uip m e n t C o s t Purchased Cost.

000 .Cooling Tower Description: Factory Assembled cooling tower includes fans.000 Water Rate. $ 1. Gallons per Minute 19 10.000.000 100 1. drivers and basins Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Temperature Range: Approach Gradient: Wet Bulb Temperature: 15 °F 10 °F 75 °F Cooling Tower Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost.000 1.000 100.000 10.

0 0 0 . chemical injections system.0 0 0 1 0 0 .) Pressure: Superheat: 250 psig 100 °F S te a m B o i l e r P u rc h a se d E q u i p m e n t C o st Purchased Cost.Package Steam Boiler Description: Package boiler unit includes forced draft fans. mud drum and stack. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels. feedwater deaerator. soot-blowers.0 0 0 1 0 . controls. P o u n d s p e r H o u r 20 1 . burners.0 0 0 .0 0 0 1 0 0 . $ 1 0 .0 0 0 1 0 .0 0 0 .0 0 0 1 .0 0 0 1 .0 0 0 . instruments.0 0 0 C a p a c i ty . steam drum. Shop assembled.

0 0 0 Area.0 0 0 10 100 1 .0 0 0 . $ S ta n d a r d V e r tic a l T u b e 1 0 0 .) Tube Material: Carbon Steel E va p o r a to r s P u r c h a s e d E q u ip m e n t C o s t 1 .0 0 0 1 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels.0 0 0 Purchased Cost.Evaporators Description: Standard vertical tube evaporator and standard horizontal tube evaporator.0 0 0 .0 0 0 S ta n d a r d H o r izo n ta l T u b e 1 0 . S q uare Feet 21 1 0 .

$ 1 .0 0 0 R o ta ry C ru s h e r 1 .0 0 0 .0 0 0 D riv e r P o w e r . Ring Granulator: For primary and secondary crushing of bituminous and subbituminous coals.0 0 0 .0 0 0 . lignite. soft materials. gypsum and some medium hard minerals.0 0 0 Purchased Cost.0 0 0 1 10 100 1 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels. Rotary: For course. H o r s e p o w e r 22 1 0 .0 0 0 R in g G r a n u la t o r 1 0 . Gyratory: Primary crushing of hard and medium hard materials.Crushers Description: All crushers include motor and drive unit.) C ru s h e rs P u r c h a s e d E q u ip m e n t C o s t 1 0 .0 0 0 G yra to ry C ru s h e r 1 0 0 .

$ B a ll M ill 1 0 0 .Mills Description: All units include mill.0 0 0 .0 0 0 Purchased Cost. bearings.) M ills P u r c h a s e d E q u ip m e n t C o s t 1 .0 0 0 R o lle r M ill 1 0 .0 0 0 1 .0 0 0 . lube system and vendor-supplied instruments. H o r s e p o w e r 23 1 . gears.0 0 0 1 10 100 D r iv e r P o w e r . Ball mill includes initial ball charge. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels.

Rotary and Drum dryers include motor and drive unit.0 00 .00 0 Atm o s p h e ric tra y b a tc h 1 .00 0 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels.Dryers Description: Atmospheric tray batch dryer includes solid materials.0 00 1 10 1 00 A rea .0 00 1 0. S q u a re F ee t 24 1 .) D ry er P u rch a se d E q u ip m en t C o s t 1 .0 00 D ire c t c o n ta c t ro ta ry 1 0. $ S in g le a tm o s p h e ric d ru m 1 00 .00 0 Purchased Cost.

0 0 0 Purchased Cost. horizontal bowl.0 0 0 B a tc h b o tto m -s u s p e n d e d 1 . Reciprocating Conveyor with continuous filtering centrifuge for free-draining granular solids.Centrifuges Description: Centrifuges include motor and drive unit. Continuous Filtration Vibratory Centrifuge with solids removal by vibratory screen for dewatering of course solids.0 0 0 1 10 S c r e e n D ia m e te r .) C e n tr if u g e P u r c h a s e d E q u ip m e n t C o s t 1 . removal by reciprocating piston. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels.0 0 0 C o n tin u o u s filtr a tio n v ib r a to r y B a tc h to p -s u s p e n d e d 1 0 . $ R e c ip r o c a tin g c o n v e y o r 1 0 0 . In c h e s 25 100 .0 0 0 .

Square Feet 26 10. gear reducer and two pillow block bearing with supports.000 100 1 10 100 1.000 C artridge and Tubular .000 . Defaults for Drum Filter medium filtration rate.Flow R ate. discharge trough. Drum Filter is a vacuum type.5 tons per day/ square feet solids handling rate.) Filter Purchased Equipm ent Cost 1. 0.Filters Description: Cartridge Filter consists of a tank containing one or more disposable cartridges.Surface Area.000 C artridge filter 1. suction valve. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels. C ubic Feet. 20% consistency (percent of solids in feed stream).000 D rum filter Plate & Fram e filter Purchased Cost. Contains 5-micron cotton filter. Tubular Fabric Filters are a bank of three without automatic cleaning option.000. D rum .Fram e C apacity. worm. Plate and Frame Filter default material is rubber-lined carbon steel. driver consisting of rotor. $ 100. feed box with inlet and drain nozzles. drive motor base plate.000 Tubular fabric filter 10. C ubic Feet per M inute. Plate and Fram e . multi compartment cylinder shell with internal filtrate piping with polypropylene filter cloth.

shaft and impeller.) Speed: 1800 RPM Agitator Purchased Equipm ent Cost Purchased Cost.000 1.Agitator Description: Fixed propeller mixer with motor and gear drive. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: A285C (Low and intermediate strength carbon steel plates for pressure vessels.000 10. gear drive.000 . Horsepow er 27 1. Includes motor.000 1 10 100 Driver Pow er. $ 100.

000 1 10 100 Capacity. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Cast Iron Temperature: 68 °F Power: 25 – 20 Horsepower Speed: 1800 RPM Liquid Specific Gravity:1 Efficiency: 82% Rotary Pump Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost. Gallons per Minute 28 1000 .000 10.000 1.Rotary Pump Description: Rotary (sliding vanes) pump includes motor driver. $ 100.

G allons per M inute 29 1000 .Inline Pump Description: General service in-line pump includes pump and motor driver. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Temperature: 120 °F Speed: 1800 RPM Liquid Specific Gravity:1 Efficiency: <50 GPM = 60% 50 – 199 GPM = 65% 100 – 500 GPM = 75% > 500 GPM = 82% Driver Type: Standard motor Seal Type: Single mechanical seal Inline Pum p Purchased Equipm ent Cost Purchased Cost.000 10. $ 100.000 1.000 1 10 100 Capacity.

000 10 100 1. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Design Temperature: 120 °F Design Pressure: 150 psig Liquid Specific Gravity:1 Efficiency: <50 GPM = 60% 50 – 199 GPM = 65% 100 – 500 GPM = 75% > 500 GPM = 82% Driver Type: Standard motor Seal Type: Single mechanical seal Single and Multi-Stage Centrifugal Pump Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost. Includes standard motor driver.000 Capacity. Gallons per Minute 30 10.000 . $ 100.Centrifugal Pump Description: Single and multistage centrifugal pumps for process or general service when flow/head conditions exceed general service.000 10. Split casing not a cartridge or barrel.000 1.

Triplex (plunger) with pumpmotor driver.000 1.000 Triplex Duplex 10. $ 100. Horsepower 31 100 .Reciprocating Pump Description: Reciprocating duplex with steam driver. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Design Temperature: 68 °F Liquid Specific Gravity:1 Efficiency: 82% Reciprocating Pump Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost.000 1 10 Driver Power.

Vacuum Pump Description: Mechanical oil-sealed vacuum pump includes pump.01 MM HG (Mercury) Second Stage: 0. Gallons per Minute 32 1000 .0003 MM HG (Mercury) Vacuum Pump Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost. $ 100.000 2 Stages 10.000 1 Stage 1. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel First Stage: 0. motor and drive unit.000 10 100 Actual Capacity.

000.7/ 14.000. fittings. 3 Stages Purchased Cost. base plate.000 10.000 100 1. Cubic Feet per Minute 33 100. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Inlet Temperature: 68 °F Inlet Pressures: 14. 3 Stages 1. $ 5000 psia discharge. Does not include intercoolers or aftercoolers and interstage knock-out drums. couplings. guards.000 .000 440 psia discharge.000 10. lube/seal system.000 60 psia discharge.Reciprocating Compressor Description: Reciprocating compressor with gear reducer. 1 Stage 100. compressor unit.22 Reciprocating Compressor Purchased Equipment Cost 10.000 Actual Capacity. interconnecting piping.7/ 165 psia Pressure Ratios: 4:1/ 30:1/ 30:1 Molecular Weight: 30 Specific Heat Ratio: 1. vendor-supplied instruments.

4 Centrifugal Compressor Purchased Equipment Cost 100.000 10.000 1900 psia discharge.000 Actual Capacity.000 10.Centrifugal Compressor Description: Axial (inline) centrifugal gas compressor with motor driver.7/ 14.7/ 190 psia Pressure Ratios: 3:1/ 10:1/ 10:1 Molecular Weight: 29 Specific Heat Ratio: 1. Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Inlet Temperature: 68 °F Inlet Pressures: 14.000.000 Purchased Cost. $ 150 psia discharge. 7-9 Stages 10.000 50 psia discharge.000 100. Cubic Feet per Minute 34 1. 4 Stages 100.000. 9 Stages 1.000 .000 100 1. Excludes intercoolers and knock-out drums.000.000.

000 .000 10.000 100 100 1.5 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Power: 1.000 Actual Capacity.000 10.300 Horsepower Speed: 1800 RPM Exit Pressure: 6 In H2O Centrifugal Fan Purchased Equipm ent Cost Purchased Cost. Maximum pressure rise is about 2 PSI.000 100. $ 100. G allons per M inute 35 1.000.000 1.Centrifugal Fan Description: Centrifugal fans move gas through a low pressure drop system.

$ 100.000 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Power: 5 .000 1.000 10 100 1.200 Horsepower Speed: 1800 RPM Exit Pressure: 8 psig Rotary Blow er Purchased Equipment Cost Purchased Cost.000 Actual Capacity. G allons per M inute 36 10.Rotary Blower Description: This general-purpose blower includes inlet and discharge silencers.000 10. The casing of the rotary blower is cast iron and the impellers are ductile iron.

000 1.000 100.000 100. $ 10.000 Purchased Cost.000.000 100 1.Gas Turbine Description: Gas turbine includes fuel gas combustion chamber and multi-stage turbine expander.000.000 10.000.000 P ow er O utput. H orsepow er 37 1.000.000 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel G as Turbine P urchased E quipm ent C ost 100.000 10.

0 0 0 . $ 1 0 0 .Steam Turbine – under 1000 Horsepower Description: Steam turbine driver includes condenser and accessories.0 0 0 1 10 100 P o w e r O u tp u t.0 0 0 1 0 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Steam Pressure: 400 psig Speed: 3600 RPM S te a m T u r b in e D r iv e r P u r c h a s e d E q u ip m e n t C o s t Purchased Cost. H o r s e p o w e r 38 1 .

0 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 0 1 0 .0 0 0 1 .0 0 0 .0 0 0 1 0 .0 0 0 P o w e r O u tp u t. H o r s e p o w e r 39 1 0 0 .0 0 0 .0 0 0 .Steam Turbine – over 1000 Horsepower Description: Steam turbine driver includes condenser and accessories.0 0 0 100 1 . $ 1 0 . Design Basis: 1st Quarter 1998 Dollars Material: Carbon Steel Steam Pressure: 400 psig Speed: 3600 RPM S te a m T u r b in e D r iv e r P u rc h a s e d E q u ip m e n t C o s t Purchased Cost.

5 300 0.Solids Handling Processes <400 °F (%) Temperature >400 °F (%) Foundations Material Labor 4 133 5 133 Structural Steel Material Labor 4 50 2 100 Buildings Material Labor 2 100 2 100 Insulation Material Labor ----- 1.5 300 Miscellaneous Material Labor 3 80 4 80 40 .Table 2 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials .5 150 Instruments Material Labor 6 10 6 40 Electrical Material Labor 9 75 9 75 Piping Material Labor 5 50 5 50 Painting Material Labor 0.

5 300 0.Gas Processes <400 °F < 150 psig >150 psig (%) (%) Temperature Pressure >400 °F < 150 psig >150 psig (%) (%) Foundations Material Labor 5 133 6 133 6 133 6 133 Structural Steel Material Labor 4 100 4 100 5 50 6 50 Buildings Material Labor 2 100 2 50 5 50 4 100 Insulation Material Labor 1 150 1 150 2 150 2 150 Instruments Material Labor 2 40 7 40 7 40 8 75 Electrical Material Labor 6 75 8 75 7 75 8 75 Piping Material Labor 35 50 40 50 40 50 40 50 Painting Material Labor 0.Table 3 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials – Solids .5 300 0.5 80 4 80 4 80 4.5 300 0.5 300 Miscellaneous Material Labor 3.5 80 41 .

5 300 0.Table 4 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials .Liquid and Slurry Systems Pressure < 150 psig (%) >150 psig (%) Foundations Material Labor 5 133 6 133 Structural Steel Material Labor 4 50 5 50 Buildings Material Labor 3 100 3 100 Insulation Material Labor 1 150 3 150 Instruments Material Labor 6 40 7 40 Electrical Material Labor 8 75 9 75 Piping Material Labor 30 50 35 50 Painting Material Labor 0.5 300 Miscellaneous Material Labor 4 80 5 80 42 .

5 300 0.Table 5 Distributive Factors for Bulk Materials .5 300 0.5 300 Miscellaneous Material Labor 3 80 4 80 4 80 5 80 43 .5 300 0.Gas Processes <400 °F < 150 psig >150 psig (%) (%) Temperature Pressure >400 °F < 150 psig >150 psig (%) (%) Foundations Material Labor 5 133 6 133 6 133 5 133 Structural Steel Material Labor 5 50 5 50 5 50 6 50 Buildings Material Labor 3 100 3 100 3 100 4 100 Insulation Material Labor 1 150 1 150 2 150 3 150 Instruments Material Labor 6 40 7 40 7 75 7 40 Electrical Material Labor 8 75 9 75 6 40 9 75 Piping Material Labor 45 50 40 50 40 50 40 50 Painting Material Labor 0.

Table 6 Distributive Labor Factors for Setting Equipment Equipment Type Factor (%) Equipment Type Factor (%) Absorber Ammonia Still Ball Mill Briquetting machine Centrifuge Clarifier Coke Cutter Coke Drum Condenser Conditioner Cooler Crusher Cyclone Decanter Distillation column Evaporator Filter Fractionator Furnace Gasifier 20 20 30 25 20 15 15 15 20 20 20 30 20 15 30 20 15 25 30 30 Hammermill Heater Heat Exchanger Lime Leg Methanator (catalytic) Mixer Precipitator Regenerator (packed) Retort Rotoclone Screen Scrubber (water) Settler Shift converter Splitter Storage Tank Stripper Tank Vaporizer 25 20 20 15 30 20 25 20 30 25 20 15 15 25 15 20 20 20 20 44 .

33 Material Heat Exchangers Carbon Steel Shell and Tubes Carbon Steel Shell.25 2.Table 7 Factors for Converting Carbon Steel to Equivalent Alloy Costs Material Pumps.80 2.43 1.00 1.43 1.25 Monel 3.67 304 Stainless Steel Shell and Tubes 2.00 2. Type 310 1. Type 316 Stainless Steel.54 1.70 1.90 3.00 2.08 1.33 Rubber-lined Steel Bronze 1. Monel Tubes Carbon Steel Shell. Type 410 Stainless Steel.86 45 . Other Equipment All Carbon Steel Stainless Steel.00 2.80 Stainless Steel. Type 304 1. Aluminum Tubes Carbon Steel Shell. 304 Stainless Steel Tubes 1.00 1. etc.

Max S. the Marshall and Swift equipment cost indexes and the Chemical Engineering plant cost indexes. (published in Chemical Engineering). 2. and Klaus D. Accuracy is very limited. The indexes take into consideration the cost of machinery and major equipment plus costs for installation. has increased much more rapidly than the other two because it does not include a productivity improvement factor. PE CCE. Table 8. The Engineering News-Record construction cost index. The Marshall and Swift Equipment Cost Indexes are divided into two categories. indexes are suitable only for order of magnitude estimates. The Nelson-Farrar Refinery Construction Cost Index uses construction costs in the petroleum industry as the basis. Dr. Two cost indexes." course notes. (published in the Engineering News-Record). Table 11. Timmerhaus. Similarly.Cost Indexes Cost indexes are used to update costs from the base time. 4 Peters. Nelson-Farrar Refinery Construction Cost Index. (published in Chemical Engineering). Specific cases may be much different from the average. give very similar results and are recommended for use with process-equipment estimates and chemical-plant investment estimates. (published in the Oil and Gas Journal) and the Chemical Engineering Plant Cost Index. relative with time. Annual averages for each of these indexes are included in this report. tools. "Preliminary Capital and Operating Cost Estimating (for the Process and Utility Industries). The most common indexes are Engineering News-Record Construction Cost Index.4 3 Humphreys. Cost indexes are used to give a general estimate. Table 10. The Engineering NewsRecord Construction Cost Index shows the variation in the labor rates and materials costs for industrial construction. 10% accuracy can be expected for periods up to 5 years. to the present time of the estimate. 4. The Chemical Engineering Plant Cost Index uses construction costs for chemical plants as the basis. Two Indexes may yield much different answers. 3. office furniture. the Nelson-Farrar refinery construction index has shown a very large increase with time and should be used with caution and only for refinery construction. Kenneth K. For periods over 10 years. Marshall and Swift Equipment Cost Indexes. 46 . and other minor equipment. the allindustry equipment index and the process-industry equipment index. Some limitations of cost indexes include:3 1. Table 9. Inc. At best. but can not take into account all factors. fixtures. "Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers" McGraw-Hill. in this case First Quarter 1998 dollars. Cost indexes are based on averages. 1991.

Table 8 Engineering News Record Construction Cost Index Published in the Engineering News-Record Year Annual Average 1913 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 100 824 971 1381 2212 3237 4195 4732 5471 5620 5825 5920 6060 6222 January February March April May 6281 6273 6280 6286 6288 47 .

4 1062.7 1084.4 1051.Table 9 Marshall and Swift Installed-Equipment Index Published in Chemical Engineering Year 1926 1964 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1st Quarter 2nd Quarter 3rd Quarter 4th Quarter 1999 1st Quarter 2nd Quarter 3rd Quarter 4th Quarter 2000 1st Quarter 2nd Quarter 3rd Quarter 4th Quarter 2001 1st Quarter Annual Average All Industry Process Industry 100 242 245 303 444 560 790 915 1027.1 1078.2 1106.8 1080.2 1061.2 1076.8 1062.9 1061.8 1061.0 1080.3 1068.8 1106.2 1056.5 100 241 244 301 452 675 813 935 1037.2 1077.6 1089.9 1075.0 1092.6 1083.3 1062.3 1068.9 1074.9 48 .3 1108.5 1039.0 1094.7 1092.6 1089.7 1065.5 1102.7 1102.3 1075.7 1093.0 1069.0 1088.6 1075.

etc Heat Exchangers Misc.1 715.5 933.8 1565.9 1563.5 1456.5 879.7 1433.5 1383.9 1125.9 722.2 1542.7 1392.Table 10 Nelson-Farrar Refinery Construction Index Published in the Oil and Gas Journal Year 1946 1964 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 January February Annual Average Pumps.7 936.9 1406.7 777.7 520 755.1 1418.2 920.6 793.4 618.3 773.9 1449.6 841. Equipment Average 100 252 261 365 576 823 1074 1225.1 49 . Compressors.5 910.2 1478.3 969.7 758.8 662.4 797.2 1477.5 903.7 1354.2 937.6 1473.3 917.7 722.2 578.1 673.6 1316.6 1497.

5 389.8 386.6 381.1 381.Table 11 Chemical Engineering Plant Cost Index Published in Chemical Engineering Year 1957-59 1964 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 January Annual Average 100 103 104 126 182 261 325 357.1 395.5 390.4 50 .6 394.

860 $62.03 $1.720*1. From Table 6. From the chart on page 16.240 $1.000*0.000*0.860 $62.860 $1.480*0. the estimated purchased equipment cost is $62.000*0.480 $1.02 $1. the factor for setting a heat exchanger is 20%.550 $62.488 $62.000*0.240*1.05 $3.06 $3.000*0.Appendix A The following is an example of the usage of the cost curves and tables to estimate the installed cost of a 5.400 $62.100 Total Installed Cost $141.2 $62.948 $62.340 $3.06 $3.04 $2.255 $62.000 square foot gas-gas shell and tube heat exchanger with a design temperature of 650°F and a design pressure of 150 psig.000 $12.860*1.4 $24.800*0.5 $1.000*0.720 $1.720 $4.005 $310*3.000*0.000*0.000.0 $62. Bare cost: Setting Cost: Bulk Installations: Foundations Material Labor Structural Steel Material Labor Buildings Material Labor Insulation Material Labor Instruments Material Labor Electrical Material Labor Piping Material Labor Painting Material Labor Miscellaneous Material Labor Total Installed Cost: $62. Column 3 of Table 5 is used to estimate the bulk material and labor costs.33 $3.100 $1.984 $150.75 $4.000*0.720*0.0 $1.07 $4.000*0.800 $12.245 From ICARUS-generated results (page 59): Purchased Equipment Cost $62.5 $3.5 $24.800 51 .100*0.4 $3.400 $62.8 $310 $930 $2.340*0.

800 $100.0 8.800 $115.000 1.7 5.0 5.9 13.000 $16.0 7.000 2.300 $11.0 8.5 3.000 3.500 7.7 5.900 $76.000 150 psig Diameter Height Capacity Total Purchased (Feet) (Feet) (Gallons) Weight Equipment (Pounds) Cost ($) 2.000 4.4 13.400 14.700 $15.000 2.000 5.300 $13.800 2.0 4.000 2.200 52 $7.0 2.400 $9.800 3.5 3.000 $122.800 $124.700 $112.400 2.200 5.600 11.0 7.0 4.000 9.500 $60.0 6.3 8.0 4.3 100 250 500 750 1.200 $24.300 $135.0 6.700 $96.5 10.9 13.900 $30.0 7.200 $13.000 3.600 4.000 4.400 $89.600 $20.000 .000 4.3 8.900 $24.000 $68.Appendix B Vertical Vessels 1st Quarter 1998 dollars 15 psig Diameter Height Capacity Total Purchased (Feet) (Feet) (Gallons) Weight Equipment (Pounds) Cost ($) 2.7 4.4 13.0 5.800 $61.000 5.7 4.900 $84.300 1.400 $7.500 Installed Cost ($) $51.000 1.800 $52.0 2.000 $8.700 3.600 $21.100 $139.500 $18.0 4.0 6.200 6.8 9.8 9.5 10.0 6.300 $132.300 7.000 1.700 Installed Cost ($) $48.0 7.3 100 250 500 750 1.100 $6.000 $18.800 $12.

6 21.0 14.2 17.400 150 psig Diameter Length Capacity Total (Feet) (Feet) (Gallons) Weight (Pounds) 2.600 $88.0 14.4 18.0 35.100 1.600 3.0 8.3 6.200 $148.0 11.600 $251.200 $17.5 8.800 $267.0 9.000 5.6 14.000 100.700 $12.2 43.2 17.000 100.800 $24.500 3.400 11.500 $40.200 $66.0 11.0 14.0 14.200 $11.900 $51.000 75.000 10.400 $230.5 4.400 $94.0 6.200 $79.0 2.000 198.500 $32.000 7.0 4.800 $373.5 4.600 $32.0 4.700 Installed Cost ($) $51.000 3.5 3.3 6.6 21.300 $160.500 2.0 100 250 500 750 1.400 1.4 18.300 $285.0 4.100 101.0 8.900 $53.600 $81.000 $9.000 3.0 7.000 1.100 $202.000 50.0 6.800 $90.2 43.8 9.8 9.200 2.700 .0 9.100 $39.300 47.900 13.7 81.000 1.4 60.500 Installed Cost ($) $48.4 60.0 10.000 5.800 54.900 155.800 $117.000 10.700 $7.0 7.7 81.800 2.300 $144.500 18.400 $8.800 $153.900 $62.400 $104.500 4.000 $13.900 $383.0 100 250 500 750 1.000 $163.200 $482.500 21.000 75.500 $24.000 25.500 $21.0 4.5 14.0 2.000 8.Horizontal Vessels 1st Quarter 1998 dollars 15 psig Diameter Length Capacity Total (Feet) (Feet) (Gallons) Weight (Pounds) 2.5 3.0 10.000 59.500 33.000 $69.000 5.000 50.200 $606.100 $58.500 $304.900 $10.200 $76.5 14.5 8.700 53 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) $5.800 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) $6.000 25.6 14.200 $76.300 24.100 $23.600 9.300 $8.800 $29.000 7.600 7.0 35.

000 142.0 47.0 32.000 245.000.800 100.000 100.0 40.219.400 $59.0 32.000 $2.100 $98.0 40.000 195.400 500.000 26.800 $296.600 $150.400 750.000 $2.700 $250.000.700 $2.0 134.0 32.000 $42.0 Total Capacity Weight (Gallons) (Pounds) Purchased Equipment Cost ($) Installed Cost ($) 41.000 853.0 57.700 75.0 32.000 858.400 250.300 50.600 5.0 40.000.800 $266.200 $1.000 46.900 5.0 40.0 40.0 57.0 56.000 54 .0 56.061.0 37.000 34.0 175.800 $222.400 75.000 2.0 48.200 $121.0 Cone Roof 17.700 1.332.054.800 $48.100 $197.0 32.564.800 $332.0 20.400 $128.900 $101.000 1.100 $349.200 $1.000.000 123.000 228.040.000.0 20.000 69.0 32.000 89.300 21.250.900 $2.0 134.000 176.000 $118.0 66.0 66.100 10.Storage Tanks 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Diameter Height (Feet) (Feet) Floating Roof 17.000.0 47.200 $180.700 $396.400 $87.900 $157.0 24.000 2.0 24.400 $335.000 55.400 $214.0 32.000 $267.000 50.000 $163.226.0 48.700 $864.100 10.300 250.600 $480.300 $1.000 750.700 $143.700 $411.0 175.0 37.200 $205.0 32.273.0 40.100 500.

363.200 $99.100 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 $119.285.500 $293.600 $263.900 $1.800 $151.500 $332.900 $907.000 150 psig Purchased Installed Equipment Cost ($) Cost ($) $35.145.800 $522.700 $220.203.000 $67.682.200 $1.700 $767.560.300 $391.100 $1.600 $57.000 $993.000 $1.500 $878.600 $958.300 $132.000 $225.600 $620.500 $315.500 $356.800 $297.600 10 60 $388.300 $246.023.100 $311.900 $689.500 $587.000 $997.300 $175.100 $203.100 $715.400 $188.900 $378.000 $473.500 $1.500 $285.700 55 .400 $1.200 $722.300 $145.000 $666.000 $249.200 $164.421.500 $88.138.800 $1.200 $1.114.900 $429.300 $952.300 $754.300 $726.500 $233.314.000 $335.400 $727.100 $808.300 $892.900 $1.700 $386.500 $1.300 $206.100 $1.200 $1.200 $469.200 $565.600 $2.800 $180.300 $1.800 $285.700 $226.700 $943.000 $269.200 $312.600 $1.147.500 $1.000 $1.700 $128.300 $539.100 $806.269.900 $171.500 $425.100 $559.900 $1.700 $232.800 $1.520.526.300 $834.000 $364.000 $443.000 $118.347.Valve Tray Columns 1st Quarter 1998 dollars 15 psig Purchased Installed Equipment Cost ($) Cost ($) $30.200 $382.568.300 $50.400 $815.089.200 $84.600 $159.800 $574.900 $674.000 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 $62.200 $2.900 $221.200 $310.200 $843.200 $498.061.800 $115.700 $394.100 $89.300 $192.400 $600.100 $677.669.700 $857.800 $251.000 $652.700 $475.800 $624.400 $109.500 $1.500 $174.000 $332.000 $517.000 $192.500 $309.892.400 $1.500 $42.762.600 $1.900 $346.931.800 $402.700 $558.600 $1.800 $436.900 $254.100 $349.700 $49.064.900 $822.200 $1.190.700 $501.000 $180.600 $1.700 $262.051.400 $492.400 $69.423.400 $421.200 $396.600 $160.191.200 $1.100 $1.200 $1.900 $538.700 $185.900 $82.000 $585.200 $161.900 $247.000 $282.300 $605.000 $435.400 $387.100 $1.800 $945.700 $225.195.700 $605.700 $1.400 $725.594.314.100 $56.300 $134.100 $343.400 $2.900 $359.500 $95.000 $508.600 Diameter (ft) Number of Trays 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 5 60 $204.000 $678.600 $122.856.400 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 60 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 60 $786.300 $450.

300 $711.200 $1.100 $828.600 $285.100 $931.100 $471.900 $681.100 $1.200 $353.400 $435.365.500 $1.700 $300.800 $179.200 $282.000 $115.602.300 $115.900 $87.500 $54.334.546.000 $126.700 $587.700 $551.000 $41.400 $826.800 $509.000 $586.900 $850.700 150 psig Purchased Installed Equipment Cost ($) Cost ($) $34.700 $412.700 $568.600 $1.159.300 $1.100 $248.600 $366.100 $798.489.500 $96.600 $104.600 $201.400 $430.200 $551.000 $395.500 $243.100 $281.200 56 $158.025.167.100 $278.100 $641.000 $427.300 $93.467.900 $55.486.700 $869.100 $461.100 $1.400 $1.600 $84.120.300 $60.900 $479.400 $746.Sieve Tray Columns 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Diameter Number Tangent/ (ft) of Trays Tangent Height 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 60 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 60 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 60 2 6 10 14 20 26 34 40 46 52 60 17 25 33 41 53 65 81 93 105 117 133 17 25 33 41 53 65 81 93 105 117 133 17 25 33 41 53 65 81 93 105 117 133 17 25 33 41 53 65 81 93 105 117 133 15 psig Purchased Installed Equipment Cost ($) Cost ($) $30.400 $1.800 $343.200 $1.000 $1.876.700 $310.000 $704.400 $871.100 $2.100 $152.778.800 $218.500 $174.000 $341.200 $305.800 $244.046.800 $928.300 $505.300 $485.296.700 $372.200 $324.000 $1.700 $739.100 $1.300 $585.500 $267.500 $122.000 $1.900 $329.400 $528.300 $230.500 $1.160.600 $341.400 $504.239.700 $542.900 $221.700 $1.000 $796.200 $214.500 $203.300 $111.300 $178.400 $428.500 $479.600 $2.900 $800.300 $1.400 $696.000 $248.400 $647.500 $374.700 $1.200 $1.800 $65.100 $661.815.300 $892.700 $392.400 $1.200 $234.700 $377.800 $217.600 $573.900 $327.600 $661.600 $580.700 $119.600 .700 $1.300 $1.100 $386.200 $47.600 $306.800 $645.498.600 $160.100 $781.717.075.000 $482.400 $79.800 $958.100.400 $660.200 $988.246.500 $204.400 $223.221.400 $1.800 $608.900 $249.600 $190.200 $179.200 $398.100 $341.278.600 $1.200 $778.600 $1.800 $960.400 $1.300 $552.000 $735.500 $1.200 $212.500 $190.100 $315.900 $163.000 $130.063.624.400 $280.700 $48.300 $379.382.400 $82.600 $923.900 $2.400 $168.800 $159.080.100 $247.600 $367.500 $426.600 $1.100 $994.000 $146.103.300 $140.900 $174.200 $67.200 $305.800 $693.100 $446.

000 $23.000 $127.200 $116.900 10 8 1 $20.800 $35.5 3.700 $98.300 $23.000 $152.5 3.600 $89.000 $30.600 $62.500 20 18 2 $16.400 $147.800 $23.700 $17.5 1.700 $92.900 $90.600 $112.000 $24.200 $89.Packed Columns 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Diameter (Feet) 1 1 1.600 $97.200 $135.500 $23.400 $178.400 20 18 1 $21.900 $83.800 10 8 1 $16.5 3.000 $6.000 20 18 3 $8.500 $125.200 $118.300 $29.5 2.800 $119.000 $126.300 $131.300 $119.800 10 8 1 $12.500 $135.900 $82.400 20 18 1 $16.000 $145.600 $48.200 40 38 2 $23.600 $108.200 $15.700 $73.500 $85.5 2.5 2 2 2 2 2.600 $118.000 30 28 2 $22.200 30 28 2 $30.400 $135.700 60 58 3 $43.800 10 8 1 $10.5 3 3 3 3 3 3 3.400 $77.5 2.300 50 48 3 $38.500 $101.700 $129.5 3.800 $104.300 $75.900 $112.400 10 8 1 $14.900 40 38 3 $21.5 3.400 $166.600 $168.700 $157.000 30 28 2 $18.000 $15.000 $67.500 50 48 3 $31.900 $76.600 30 28 3 $16.800 $31.700 $84.400 $37.600 $101.700 $25.5 2.600 $89.100 $90.600 $45.900 $18.700 $17.100 40 38 2 $26.400 $82.400 $9.5 3.000 57 .000 50 48 3 $30.500 $140.500 $11.400 $125.700 $64.500 $57.300 40 38 2 $31.800 $36.700 $18.000 $20.400 $112.400 $34.5 15 psig 150 psig Tangent/ Packed Number Purchased Installed Purchased Installed Tangent Height of Equipment Cost ($) Equipment Cost ($) Height (Feet) Sections Cost ($) Cost ($) (Feet) 10 8 1 $6.200 $98.900 30 28 2 $24.300 $69.800 20 18 2 $13.5 1.000 20 18 1 $26.500 60 58 3 $35.900 $110.100 $100.800 $13.500 $105.500 70 68 4 $48.

900 $132.800 $73.100 $31.800 $14.600 $203.200 $229. (Square feet) 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 15000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment Cost ($) ($) $13.400 $117.600 $20.300 $1.500 $582.100 $99.100 $124.500 $57.800 $186.200 $48.000 $16.800 $151.600 $839.100 $16.900 $95.400 $427.000 $573.300 $16.800 $44.800 $70.300 $321.900 $212.200 $68.300 $13.300 $72.106.000 $708.Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Surface Area.100 $59.400 $18.000 $354.400 $20.600 $68.000 $70.100 $767.500 $953.500 $248.100 $222.600 58 .600 $53.100 $141.000 $1.900 $62.600 $55.500 $107.700 $109.425.900 $479.400 $70.000 $18.

000 2.100 $96.300 $38.400 $65.200 $25.900 $59.700 $9.700 $60.400 $42.900 $42. (Square feet) 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1.000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment Cost ($) ($) $21.300 $47.200 Spiral Plate Heat Exchanger 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Heat Transfer Area.100 $51.000 6.400 59 .100 $13.900 $33.Air Cooler 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Surface Area.100 $54.000 10.200 1. (Square feet) 40 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1.800 $29.400 $40.400 $85.100 $19.000 $217.200 $21.000 $49.400 $184.100 $239.100 1.100 $58.700 $49.500 $40.100 $30.600 $35.500 $95.000 $62.300 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) Installed Cost ($) $6.100 $34.900 $144.800 $94.000 $72.700 $179.700 $102.000 1.000 $44.600 $54.000 $71.300 $278.300 $74.100 $25.600 $24.800 $26.100 $67.000 4.500 $29.000 $65.300 $88.900 $110.600 $60.000 8.300 $69.000 $36.900 $34.200 $81.700 $135.400 $57.

800 $3.100 $1.200 $67.200 $211.000 3.000 $4.868.300 $263.228.600 $96.100 $158.000 4.000 $518.000 $60.000 $81.126.400 $99.200 $6.573.848.600 $625.100 $50.000 2.900 $2.000 6.081.800 $1.000 Cooling Tower 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Water Rate (Gallons/ minute) 150 300 600 1.700 $34.354.400 $771.500 $2.534.000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment Cost ($) ($) $4.100 $399.100 60 .272.500 $65.100 $355.200 $180.400 $3.400 $5.900 $134.400 $70.Furnace 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Heat Duty (MMBTU per hour) 2 10 25 50 100 200 300 400 500 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment Cost ($) ($) $124.641.500 $18.100 $3.500 $1.000 5.000 $11.800 $83.400 $106.

000 3.109.500 $244.300 $904.100 $368.400 $302.100 $816.200 .Package Steam Boiler 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Capacity (Pound per hour) 10.000 25.600 Evaporator 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Vertical Tube Area (Square feet) 100 500 1.500 $632.300 $226.100 $169.800 $545.000 200.600 $328.000 5.100 $274.700 $405.900 $324.700 $607.000 9.800 $273.300 $444.300 $317.400 $555.000 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) $62.900 $305.400 $920.500 $81.000 10.400 $783.700 $283.000 300.600 $568.000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment Cost ($) ($) $91.100 $148.300 $352.600 $151.100 $117.000 8.000 61 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) $34.000 50.300 $439.100 $593.600 $221.100 $396.000 7.000 $209.900 $1.500 $388.000 $1.700 $468.100 $386.700 Horizontal Tube Installed Cost ($) $120.200 $537.700 $997.000 100.400 $375.900 $212.600 $590.300 $496.000 2.300 $161.400 $671.000 4.000 6.600 $694.600 Installed Cost ($) $73.000 250.700 $475.100 $803.900 $709.238.200 $689.000 150.

700 $6.800 $18.200 $6.100 $23.400 $28.200 62 .900 $218.500 $3.300 $3.666.400.Crusher 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Diameter (Inches) Driver Power (Horsepower) Gyratory Crusher 20 40 40 150 60 350 80 600 100 900 120 1250 Rotary Crusher 2 4 8 12 16 20 25 Ring Granulator 75 125 250 600 1000 1250 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) Installed Cost ($) $29.400 $294.500 $11.600 $2.800 $13.200 $2.600 $382.100 $8.400 $303.600 $5.300 $253.300 $346.200 $1.600 $698.400 $787.400 $50.900 $15.600 $13.000 $85.700 $75.100 $4.778.553.700 $335.800 $9.900 $11.100 $58.171.800 $52.900 $197.100 $9.415.900 $2.200 $1.

100 $61.100 $673.100 $197.400 $250.Mill 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Diameter/ Driver Power Length (Horsepower) (Inches) Ball Mill 3/3 7.700 $299.200 $585.500 $234.900 $275.200 $62.100 $57.100 $182.100 $265.000 $233.100 $324.300 $492.400 $351.900 $97.600 $411.000 63 .700 $478.500 $164.200 $195.900 $131.500 $573.400 $311.500 $109.900 $255.900 $153.400 $107.800 $224.100 $76.5 4/4 20 5/5 50 6/6 100 200 300 400 450 Roller Mill 30 75 150 200 250 300 350 400 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) Installed Cost ($) $25.800 $296.

900 60 $8.800 1600 $373.400 400 $99.400 Atmospheric Tray Batch Dryer 30 $6.500 $142.100 $417.000 120 $10.500 $309.700 150 $11.800 $162.300 $243.800 120 20 $246.800 1200 $283.900 $365.900 $19.900 80 15 $192.800 $20.800 $16.400 $13.100 $493.800 40 10 $125.900 90 $9.500 $603.Dryers 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Area Driver Power Purchased Installed Cost (Square (Horsepower) Equipment Cost ($) feet) ($) Direct Contact Rotary Dryer 100 $26.500 200 $13.900 200 25 $337.800 800 $192.100 160 20 $293.600 $380.400 $10.300 64 .500 Single Atmospheric Drum Dryer 10 5 $53.700 $264.500 $42.900 $73.900 $17.200 180 $12.400 2000 $461.300 $21.

400 40 7.200 35 $246.900 $416.5 $10.5 $12.200 Batch Top-Suspended Filtering Centrifuge 20 1.000 $23.500 $113.300 $42.600 $91.700 $37.100 $52.300 50 15 $39.500 25 $175.800 Continuous Filtration Vibratory Centrifuge 48 30 $58.900 $140.900 $29.200 50 $352.400 $135.100 $21.700 $100.900 52 50 $75.200 $32.300 $32.700 30 3 $20.800 Reciprocating Conveyor.500 25 2 $11.500 30 3 $13.Centrifuge 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Screen Driver Power Purchased Installed Cost Diameter (Horsepower) Equipment ($) (Inches) Cost ($) Batch Bottom-Suspended Filtering Centrifuge 20 1.500 35 5 $15.200 $376.300 $27.300 35 5 $24.600 $25.100 40 7.000 $124.5 $29.100 45 $317.400 25 2 $16.300 45 10 $18.5 $16.000 56 75 $95.000 $27.800 65 .000 54 60 $85.400 $31.900 $23.100 $295.200 $213.900 50 40 $66.100 $47. w/Continuous Filtering Centrifuge 15 $112.100 45 10 $34.100 48 10 $19.

900 $208.500 $69.900 .200 $5.900 $192.200 $134.300 $5.200 $6.400 $275.300 $104.700 $2.500 $183.700 $298.500 $160.700 $24.800 $44.800 $7.900 $51.700 $63.700 $32.200 $59.500 $15.200 $123.200 $38.600 $5.200 $237.100 $177.000 $168.000 $27.200 $76.800 $8.100 $1.100 $39.400 $81.400 $175.300 $10.200 $145.200 $114.200 $100.Filter 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Flow Rate Frame Surface (Gallons per Capacity Area minute) (Cubic (Square feet) feet) Cartridge Filter 30 100 300 600 900 1200 Automatic Plate and Frame 10 20 30 40 50 Tubular Fabric Filter 100 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3400 Drum Filter 100 250 500 750 1000 1500 2000 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) 66 Installed Cost ($) $1.500 $15.900 $50.900 $13.300 $130.200 $135.400 $87.400 $205.900 $145.400 $4.400 $170.300 $13.600 $54.700 $120.

300 $9.300 $19.400 $3.700 $13.Agitators 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Driver Power (Horsepower) Purchased Equipment Cost ($) 2 10 25 50 75 100 Installed Cost ($) $7.500 $35.200 $13.400 $50.700 $26.700 $10.000 $8.000 Rotary Pump 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Capacity (Gallons/ minute) 10 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 700 750 Purchased Equipment Cost ($) Installed Cost ($) $1.300 $7.000 $10.400 $5.900 $19.000 $3.600 $13.100 $4.700 $16.500 $2.600 $37.900 $12.000 $25.400 $4.300 $17.200 $21.000 $16.700 $52.200 $64.100 $2.700 $11.600 67 .600 $9.500 $15.900 $21.700 $67.

Inline Pump
1st Quarter 1998 dollars
Capacity
(Gallons/
minute)
10
50
100
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
700
750

Purchased
Installed Cost
Equipment Cost
($)
($)
$1,500
$9,000
$2,100
$10,900
$2,400
$12,600
$3,000
$13,200
$3,400
$13,700
$4,100
$16,000
$4,400
$16,300
$5,300
$17,300
$7,000
$19,200
$8,700
$21,000
$10,700
$25,700
$11,600
$26,600

Centrifugal Pump
1st Quarter 1998 dollars
Capacity
(Gallons/
minute)
100
200
300
400
500
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000

Purchased
Installed Cost
Equipment Cost
($)
($)
$3,400
$22,800
$4,100
$23,800
$4,700
$27,700
$5,300
$28,500
$5,800
$29,000
$8,700
$37,500
$10,200
$44,800
$15,200
$58,100
$19,500
$72,300
$23,800
$77,100
$28,400
$93,400
$37,800
$103,000
$41,300
$119,700
$47,300
$126,200
$51,200
$144,800

68

Reciprocating Pump
1st Quarter 1998 dollars

Capacity Driver
(Gallons/ Power
minute) (Horsepower)
25
2
50
5
100
7.5
200
15
300
25
400
30
500
40
600
50
700
60
800
60
900
75
1,000
75

Duplex
Purchased
Equipment
Cost
($)
$4,100
$7,000
$8,800
$13,100
$17,600
$19,600
$23,100
$26,300
$29,200
$29,200
$33,300
$33,300

Installed
Cost
($)
$10,600
$14,600
$17,800
$22,500
$28,800
$31,000
$34,700
$38,100
$43,700
$43,700
$48,100
$48,200

Triplex
Purchased
Equipment
Cost
($)
$7,700
$13,800
$17,900
$27,900
$38,700
$43,500
$52,300
$60,300
$67,800
$67,800
$78,200
$78,200

Vacuum Pump
1st Quarter 1998 dollars
Capacity
(Gallons/
minute)

Stages

30
75
150
200
300
400
500
600
700
30
75
150
200
300
400
500
600
700

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

Purchased
Equipment
Cost
($)
$4,100
$6,400
$8,900
$11,500
$16,200
$20,800
$25,200
$29,500
$33,700
$6,100
$8,500
$11,000
$13,600
$18,500
$22,900
$27,100
$31,000
$34,800

Installed
Cost
($)
$18,600
$21,100
$24,000
$26,900
$32,300
$37,100
$41,800
$46,300
$50,800
$20,600
$23,200
$26,100
$29,000
$34,600
$39,200
$43,700
$47,800
$51,900
69

Installed
Cost
($)
$15,500
$22,700
$28,200
$38,600
$51,200
$56,200
$65,300
$73,400
$83,700
$83,800
$94,500
$94,500

Reciprocating Compressor
1st Quarter 1998 dollars
Stages

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Actual
Capacity
(Cubic feet/
minute)
250
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
25,000
50,000
60,000
250
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
25,000
35,000
250
500
1,000
5,000
7,000

Driver Power
(Horsepower)
40
75
125
600
1,250
3,000
5,500
7,000
100
150
300
1,500
3,000
7,000
10,000
800
1,500
3,000
15,000
22,500

70

Purchased
Installed Cost
Equipment
($)
Cost
($)
$186,200
$245,500
$233,700
$300,300
$301,700
$380,400
$589,600
$717,500
$810,400
$970,700
$1,891,500
$2,139,000
$4,024,800
$4,469,700
$4,837,400
$5,354,000
$297,000
$358,800
$355,400
$422,200
$431,400
$509,700
$822,400
$932,300
$1,489,700
$1,646,100
$3,794,300
$4,135,200
$5,519,000
$6,038,600
$389,400
$467,200
$534,100
$627,400
$1,080,700
$1,211,500
$3,750,700
$4,211,800
$4,712,700
$5,317,700

800 $9.500 12.000 500 1.118.500 5.500 $19.400 $93.247.699.000 $19.000 $1.100 $9.600 $2.066.800 $3.000 50.400 $1.000 $4.624.000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment ($) Cost ($) $1.680.000 $2.800 $2.991.700 $907.900 $31.142.000 50.000 75.250 6.467.100 $7.718.267.000 $5.000 125 250 1.500 50.600 $126.000 5.000 $1.Centrifugal Compressor 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Stages 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 9 9 9 9 8 8 7 7 9 9 9 9 9 Actual Capacity (Cubic feet/ minute) 500 1.900 $19.011.100 $6.100 $7.300 $20.000 150.200 $1.000 200.750 3.000 50.000 25.000 100.980.000 100.700 $1.400 $44.060.000 $8.000 37.889.258.300 $719.800 $13.600 $10.146.900 $64.800 $6.000 12.500 71 .275.444.000 10.400 Centrifugal Fan 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Actual Capacity (Gallons/ minute) 700 1.500 $13.700 $626.500 50.300 $2.500 16.500 $1.300 $49.000 5.700 $12.286.700 $4.600 $9.000 25.000 150.000 500 1.300 $2.500 $1.700 $5.000 150.000 10.171.053.400 $1.400 $1.000 15.000 25.356.000 32.966.400 $702.000 $18.548.200 $1.000 Driver Power (Horsepower) 60 125 600 1.600 $1.000 10.560.627.394.446.100 $1.800 $5.600 $1.339.250 2.500 $4.527.735.000 17.600 $5.900 $13.000 5.722.000 1.000 100.000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment ($) Cost ($) $595.000 10.821.800 $1.000 200.700 $27.400 $749.114.400 $975.

000 3.940.000 250.300 $9.000 72 .639.400 $1.000 $2.000 $31.764.000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment ($) Cost ($) $4.700 $54.583.000 $42.600 Gas Turbine 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Power Output (Horsepower) 1.400 $36.200 $565.400 $27.500 $10.000 $44.000 $37.000 300.100 $16.000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment Cost ($) ($) $476.400 $36.100 $44.376.000 $41.800 $11.738.192.051.903.609.100 $15.900 $22.000 200.000 370.975.000 150.400 $19.200 $1.Rotary Blower 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Actual Capacity (Gallons/ minute) 100 500 1.800 $28.000 4.100 $33.000 100.056.659.000 2.998.600 $21.148.000 50.000 $24.000 $28.000 $34.000 $42.031.000 350.837.400 $16.407.052.000 5.000 10.254.300 $22.300 $9.100 $1.

100 $36.447.700 $85.000 2.900 $971.000 15.000 $364.100 $1.500 $28.200 $2.825.100 $126.000 20.500 $53.800 $269.700 $108.000 30.800 $42.000 $169.100 $1.500 5.300 73 .000 Purchased Installed Cost Equipment Cost ($) ($) $19.230.200 $46.600 $37.000 $688.320.477.400 $1.600 $1.000 $781.000 $25.106.400 $907.100 $1.500 10.Steam Turbine 1st Quarter 1998 dollars Power Output (Horsepower) 10 50 100 500 950 1.200 $2.400 $575.000 7.641.

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