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Thesis Chapters 1-5 Finalization

Thesis Chapters 1-5 Finalization


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A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the College of International Tourism And Hospitality Management LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES UNIVERSITY

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Tourism

By Ang, Dianne Marie M. Bayot, Donalynne B.

October 2011


INTRODUCTION In our generation today, homosexuals have been widely accepted by the majority may it be a gay or a lesbian. People have come to recognize the existence of the "third sex" and through time they have also accepted ―same-sex relationships" in our society. But controversies and arguments arise when homosexuals started proposing the idea of legalizing "same-sex marriage". The issue on legalizing same-sex marriage has been going on for decades. It has received a lot of objection and opposition since it contradicts the accustomed meaning of marriage as a "union between a man and a woman". Though there have been few countries which have approved or have begun to legally formalizing marriage between same sex marriage like Canada, Italy and etc. Still the majority of countries do not recognize this kind of marriage. The researchers pond this issue because it has always been an informal situation in the society. It is a fact that homosexuals are common subject of discussion among genders and up until now, they are not well accepted in their own living environment and are discriminated. It is very interesting and controversial that led the researchers to study the said issue.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Marriage has usually been a commitment between the male and female. But nowadays, various countries around the world recognize the union between same sexes. In many cultures the issue of same sex marriage has ignited a firestorm of controversy in the press and living rooms. Same-sex love, as Plato's symposium shows, is as ancient as human love, and the question of how it is recognized and understood has overwhelmed every human civilization. And today in a number of foreign countries, laws extending civil marriage to gay and lesbian couples have been enacted. In 2001 the Netherlands opened civil marriage to gay couples and allowed them to adopt children as well. Belgium followed suit in 2003, although it did not go as far as the Netherlands: gay couples have no adoption rights in Belgium. Most other European countries only allow for some kind of registered partnership with some degree of protection. By now most legal systems in Europe provide some kind of status, even in Catholic countries like Spain. Some states of the United States have followed and provided registries for same-sex partnerships and grant them certain rights. The Philippines is one of the most Catholic or church influenced country in the world. It has always been advocated in keeping the laws of God. The critics of same sex unions have also gone beyond debates and discourse for the past. Many Filipino homosexual‘s has been protesting for their freedom rights to consider the union between same sex relationships. Until now, the government

has no grant given for this plea. According to the family code of the Philippines or executive order 209, ―Marriage is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life." Not meeting this requirement will make the marriage invalid. (http://www.chanrobles.com/executiveorderno209.htm) The expectations for the study are to lead to more open-minded students and for them to be ore knowledgeable to the situation. Moreover, be able to tabulate answers without unbiased conclusions, and to know the status of the legalization of same sex marriage in our country.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This study aims to determine the assessment of CITHM students of Lyceum of the Philippines University on the legalization of Same-Sex Marriage in the Philippines. 1. What is the demographic profile of the students? 1.1 Age 1.2 Gender 1.3 Religion 1.4 Course

3. How do respondents assessed the legalization of Same-Sex Marriage in the Philippines? 2. To identify the perception of the students towards same sex marriage.1 Morality 2.2.2 Acceptability 2. To know the demographic profile of the respondents. 1. .3 Expectations 3. 2. To determine policies and the measures that the government will undertake on the issue regarding same sex marriage. What measures can the government undertake on the legalization of same sex marriage? OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY This study aims to assess the percipience of CITHM students of Lyceum of the Philippines University regards to the legalization of Same-sex Marriage in the Philippines.

as well as the information from literatures that will be cited and reviewed. To be informed about the current status of same sex marriage in the Philippines . and information that will come out from the distributed survey questionnaires. As a raw material or background for future reference Society. Government. .SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study will benefit the following groups of people: Students. To have better understanding on the situation of homosexuals. The researcher will use the random sampling method in selecting the interview-questionnaire method to serve as the instrument for this study. SCOPE AND LIMITATION This study will focus on how students of Lyceum of the Philippines University perceive the legalization of same sex-marriage in the Philippines. which will be coming from the registrar that will provide such as data. It will be limited to the output of the respondents from the selected CITHM students. The recommendations of the researchers would help them recognize what measures to be undertake to the issue on the legalization of samesex marriage. Future Researchers.

it is a binding contract between the two parties that joins together their possessions. thrashing. The term "homosexual" is more specifically applied to a person who regularly practices overt sexual acts with members of the same sex past adolescence into adulthood. A formal declaration whereby a person expresses a personal objection or disapproval of an act. . In connection with human beings. Of or relating to the married state or to married persons and their relations. Homosexual.the act of inflicting corporal punishment with repeated blows. Marriage. authorize or sanction by law. Same Sex Marriage. Legalization. Legally. feelings.DEFINITION OF TERMS Conjugal. Beating as a source of erotic or religious stimulation whacking. drubbing. Pertaining to or characteristic of female homosexuality. income. licking. A similar institution involving partners of the same gender. To make legal or lawful. lacing . Gay. Self-Flagellation. and lives. Is an emotional or other connection between people. homosexuality includes sexual thoughts. fantasies and overt sexual acts involving a member of one's own sex. It refers to a male homosexual. Protest. Relationship. Lesbian. trouncing. beating.

In contrast to the ritual significance given homosexuality in some indigenous cultures and religions. FOREIGN LITERATURE Baha'i faith is the youngest of the world's independent religions stated their belief on homosexuality. including New Guinea. A classic comparative study of sexual behavior patterns in 1951 found that homosexual activity was considered socially acceptable and normative for certain people in 64 percent of the seventy-six societies studied. the Semitic religions have all condemned . in ancient Arabia and Sufism. it also occurs as a religious theme among the ancient Greeks. among North and South American Indian tribes. and among the Australian aborigines. These convey different point of views on the legalization of same sex marriage. the Celts. in feudal Japan. and the Romans. institutionalized homosexuality is known among peoples from parts of Africa and Asia. Sexual activity between persons of the same sex is known from many places far and near throughout history. and in various Indo-European traditions. These where made by foreign and local researchers which were reviewed and presented in this chapter. Moreover. among peoples on the islands of the Pacific.CHAPTER 2 REVIEW of RELATED LITERATURE and STUDIES This chapter presents the literature and studies which are found relevant to the study.

On the Day of Resurrection. The Qur'an describes homosexuality as an "impious act" (7:79) and there are Hadith that allege that Muhammad said both the passive and active agent should be killed. 20:13). Talmudic law extends the prohibition. Rabbinic sources advance various reasons for the strict ban on homosexuality .homosexuality. 1 Cor.regarded as a universal law among "the Seven Commandments of the Sons of Noah".com. 1 Tim. unless he obtains pardon through repentance. although Christian attitudes have varied over time. 6:9. homosexuality is condemned in the strongest terms as a sin alongside other sexual vices (Rom. by the homosexual abandoning his wife. also to lesbianism. In Christianity. Such acts frustrate the procreative purpose of sex. On the article "Obama Administration Drops Defense of Anti-Gay Marriage Law" of foxnews. 18:22). 1:27. punishable by death (Lev. but not the penalty. Jewish law holds that no hedonistic ethic. however genuinely such acts may be performed out of love and by mutual consent. can justify the morality of homosexuality any more than it can legitimize adultery or incest. A homosexual act between two consenting adult males is an abomination (Lev. It is an unnatural perversion debasing the dignity of man. The Obama administration announced that it will no longer defend the federal law that defines marriage as a union between a man . and also damage family life. even if called "love". 1:10). the man who sodomises another will suffer eternal damnation. which is limited to flagellation.

" She added. sparkling rings were offered and accepted and champagne corks flew to kick off wedding plans likely to add an estimated $284 million to the state's economy." He noted that the congressional debate during passage of the Defense of Marriage Act "contains numerous expressions reflecting moral disapproval of gays and lesbians and their intimate and family relationships. Evan Gerstmann looks at the legal debate. joining Connecticut. in a democratic society. New Hampshire. and asks whether. Same sex marriage is banned in 39 states. Vermont and the District of Columbia. should resolve the question. New York is the sixth state to legalize gay nuptials. Hawaii. the courts. according to a report by the Independent Democratic Conference. but the Justice Department "will cease defense. In her article it was stated that "In the minutes and hours after the law was passed and signed by Democratic Governor Andrew Cuomo late on Friday. rather than voters. ―The most populous state to approve marriage equality legislation. Massachusetts. Iowa. The reason behind this is that Holder said members of Congress may step up to defend the statute.and a woman." Does the Constitution protect the right to same-sex marriage? Taking a careful look at the issue." Barbara Goldberg (2011) shared about New York's same-sex marriage law that sets off waves of engagements. Illinois and New Jersey. Civil unions were approved in Delaware. Gerstmann also asks whether such a court-created law could be effective . The Human Rights Campaign called the decision a "monumental" move against a law that "unfairly discriminates against Americans.

1999).in the face of public opposition. Many same-sex couples want the right to legally marry because they are in love — many. Evan Gerstmann practiced law in New York City for five years. in fact. Subsequently. Evan Gerstmann argues that this problem is one of the most significant constitutional issues facing society because it challenges society's commitment to true legal equality. 20 or 50 years with that person — and they want to honor their relationship in the greatest way our society has to offer. After graduating with honors from the University of Michigan Law School in 1986. by making a public commitment to stand together in good times and bad. He studies the interaction between law and politics. through all the joys and challenges family life brings. Currently in the United States. Lesbians and the Failure of Class-Based Equal Protection (University of Chicago. same-sex couples in long-term. he completed his Masters and Ph. Many parents want the right to marry because they know it offers children a vital safety net and guarantees protections that unmarried parents cannot provide. He has published a book on constitutional law. in Political Science at the University of Wisconsin.D. The Constitutional Class: Gays. as well as articles on subjects ranging from freedom of speech to how criminal law affects victims of domestic violence. committed relationships pay higher taxes and are denied basic protections and rights granted to married straight couples. And still other people — both gay and straight — are fighting for the right of same-sex couples to marry because they recognize that it is simply not fair to deny some families the protections all other families are eligible to enjoy. Among them: . have spent the last 10.

. Family leave. A gay or lesbian taxpayer is forced to pay estate taxes on property inherited from a deceased partner. but most employers do not provide coverage to the life partners of gay and lesbian employees. they are often forced to separate or move to another country.528 upon the death of a partner. Married couples have the automatic right to visit each other in the hospital and make medical decisions. Health insurance. Immigration. gay and lesbian partners receive no Social Security survivor benefits — resulting in an average annual income loss of $5. A married person automatically inherits all the property of his or her deceased spouse without paying estate taxes. Married people receive Social Security payments upon the death of a spouse. Despite paying payroll taxes. Many public and private employers provide medical coverage to the spouses of their employees. Gay and lesbian workers are not entitled to family leave to care for their partners.Hospital visitation. As a result. Married workers are legally entitled to unpaid leave from their jobs to care for an ill spouse. Same-sex couples can be denied the right to visit a sick or injured loved one in the hospital. Estate taxes. Gay and lesbian employees who do receive health coverage for their partners must pay federal income taxes on the value of the insurance. Americans in bi-national relationships are not permitted to petition for their same-sex partners to immigrate. Social Security benefits.

the real deal. The rights of elderly gay or lesbian couples are an uneven patchwork of state laws. even couples who have a civil union and remain in Vermont. Why aren‘t civil unions enough? Comparing marriage to civil unions is a bit like comparing diamonds to rhinestones. One is. After the death of a worker. New Jersey or New Hampshire receive only second-class protections in comparison to their married friends and neighbors. Moreover. the other is not. gay and lesbian seniors have no such protection. Laws protect married seniors from being forced to sell their homes to pay high nursing home bills. gay and lesbian seniors have no such protection.Nursing homes. for example in Vermont. Couples who are joined in a civil union. Home protection. Married couples have a legal right to live together in nursing homes. quite simply. they do not . New Jersey or New Hampshire. Laws protect married seniors from being forced to sell their homes to pay high nursing home bills. Home protection. have no guarantee that its protections will travel with them to other states. Gay and lesbian partners are excluded from such pension benefits. Pensions. most pension plans pay survivor benefits only to a legal spouse of the participant. While they receive state-level protections. Consider: Opposite-sex couples who are eligible to marry may have their marriage performed in any state and have it recognized in every other state in the nation and every country in the world.

How can I support marriage for same-sex couples?‖ Many people who believe in God — as well as fairness and justice for all — ask this question. Religious institutions are not required to perform marriage ceremonies. Marriage State grants marriage licenses to couples. the answer to the apparent dilemma between religious beliefs and support for equal protections for all families lies in recognizing that marriage has a significant religious meaning for many people. Couples receive legal protections and rights under state law only. In short. That is why the framers of our Constitution established the principle of separation of church and state. civil unions are not separate but equal — they are separate and unequal. Civil Unions State would grant civil union licenses to couples.receive any of the more than 1. That principle applies no less to the marriage issue than it does to any other. Jewish. Granting marriage rights to same-sex couples would not require leaders of Christian. but that it is also a legal contract. They feel a tension between religious beliefs and democratic values that has been experienced in many different ways throughout our nation‘s history. ―I believe God meant marriage for men and women. And it is strictly the legal — not the religious — dimension of marriage that is being debated now. Religious institutions are not required to perform civil union ceremonies. Indeed. Civil unions are not necessarily recognized by other states or the federal government. And our society has tried separate before. It just doesn‘t work. Islamic or any other religious leaders to perform these .100 federal benefits and protections of marriage.

" Many of us grew up believing that everyone needs a mother and father. Because church tenets do not sanction divorce. The government. regardless of whether we . the second marriage is not valid in the church‘s view.S. United Church of Christ and the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism allow individual congregations to set their own policies on same-sex unions. People of faith would remain free to make their own judgments about what makes a marriage in the eyes of God — just as they are today. It would not require religious institutions to permit these ceremonies to be held on their grounds. recognizes the marriage by extending to the remarried couple the same rights and protections as those granted to every other married couple in America.marriages. government view couples who have divorced and remarried. for example. In this situation — as would be the case in marriage for same-sex couples — the church remains free to establish its own teachings on the religious dimension of marriage while the government upholds equality under law. the difference in how the Roman Catholic Church and the U. the Unitarian Universalist Association and the Metropolitan Community Church. The Episcopal Church. It would not even require that religious communities discuss the issue. A growing number of religious communities bless same-sex unions. "I strongly believe children need a mother and a father. including Reform Judaism. Consider. The Presbyterian Church (USA) allows ceremonies to be performed but they‘re not considered the same as marriage. however.

or two good parents. something no class of Americans has an exclusive hold on. In other words. the qualities that help children grow into good and responsible adults — learning how to learn. psychological well-being and social abilities. most secure environment possible. and researchers have studied how these different family relationships affect children. ―This is different from . therefore. the American Academy of Family Physicians and others. stable and happy home.ourselves happened to have two parents. with all the legal protections that our country has put in place. including the American Academy of Pediatrics. have issued statements that dismiss assertions that only straight couples can be good parents — and declare that the focus should now be on providing greater protections for the 1 million to 9 million children being raised by gay and lesbian parents in the United States today. to have compassion for others. would enable the millions of same-sex parents raising children today to give their children what every child deserves – the safest. Granting same-sex couples the right to marry. to contribute to society and be respectful of others and their differences — do not depend on the sexual orientation of their parents but on their parents‘ ability to provide a loving. That is also why the nation‘s leading child welfare organizations. But as families have grown more diverse in recent decades. it has become clear that the quality of a family‘s relationship is more important than the particular structure of families that exist today. That is why research studies have consistently shown that children raised by gay and lesbian parents do just as well as children raised by straight parents in all conventional measures of child development. such as academic achievement.

interracial marriage. was writing in the Boston Globe. 25. the struggle for marriage equality for same-sex couples is just as basic as the successful fight for interracial marriage. and that a person‘s sexual orientation cannot be changed. I have fought too hard and too long against discrimination based on race and color not to stand up against discrimination based on sexual orientation. Decades of research all point to the fact that sexual orientation is not a choice. "We cannot keep turning our backs on gay and lesbian Americans. hatred. Sexual orientation is a choice. plain and . and they stink of the same fear. John Lewis.. Cut through the distractions. 2003. I've heard the reasons for opposing civil marriage for same-sex couples. Nov. It recognizes that Americans should not be coerced into false and unhappy marriages but should be free to marry the person they love — thereby building marriage on a true and stable foundation. Granting same-sex couples the right to marry would in no way change the number of people who could enter into a marriage (or eliminate restrictions on the age or familial relationships of those who may marry). "Won‘t this create a free-for-all and make the whole idea of marriage meaningless?" Many people share this concern because opponents of LGBT equality have used this argument as a scare tactic — but it is not true.". a leader of the black civil rights movement. Marriage would continue to recognize the highest possible commitment that can be made between two adults. and intolerance I have known in racism and in bigotry. D-Ga. In this way. To whom one is drawn is a fundamental aspect of who we are." According to Rep.

We should regard it as scandalous that two people could claim to love each other and not want to sanctify their love with marriage and fidelity. "How could marriage for same-sex couples possibly be good for the American family – or our country?‖. Thailand marriage registration is often not a method employed by a couple who wishes to have an ongoing relationship. . For those who wish to protect their same sex loved one. legal mechanisms such as a Thai will can assist in providing legal benefits usually accorded to those in a different sex relationship. At the present time there does not appear to be any political movement to legalize same sex marriage in Thailand. We should insist on gay marriage. ‖We shouldn‘t just allow gay marriage. a legal partnership known as a ―civil union‖ is used to legitimize a relationship between two people of the same sex. That being said. It should be noted that Thailand is one of the most tolerant cultures in the world. there is no ―civil union‖ mechanism for providing legal protection for a same sex couple. as a practical matter Thai same sex couples can maintain a domestic relationship in a manner similar to different sex couples who choose not to legalize their union. particularly regarding gay rights. In Thailand.simple. Therefore. but never actually register a marriage in Thailand with the local Amphur office (District Office). In many countries. That being said. It is quite common in Thailand for a couple to have a marriage ceremony (customary or religious)." Does Thailand recognize same sex marriage? The short answer: No. there is no process under Thai law for legalizing a relationship of two people who are of the same sex.

The critics of same sex unions have also gone beyond debates and discourse as the city council here is poised to declare MCC‘s Myke Sotero and . In Baguio City . the opposing Catholic Church and other Christian groups versus the proponents and even government officials caught in the controversy. According to the group. Majority of the people in the Philippines are not used to the mindset of the homosexuals who are pursuing the law towards the legalization of same-sex marriage because it is against the mores. On the article seen at the Philippine Star newspaper entitled "Same sex marriage issue paves way for anti-discrimination bill" by Artemio Dumlao. Teodoro Casino.LOCAL LITERATURE According to Victoria Dizon Urieta on her thesis entitled "Perceptions of homosexuals and other people" at the De LaSalle University. 1998. In addition to that Philippines is a Catholic country with strong beliefs on unity of man and woman as stated in the bible.Philippines – Christian groups led by the Catholic Charismatic Christian Movement believes that the same sex marriage controversy is a ―grand design‖ by some sectors to push House Bill 1483 (Anti-Discrimination bill) filed by Bayan Muna party-list Rep. Homosexuality has been considered a deviant behavior because of the fact that it is immoral and its lifestyle does not conform to society's standards. the same sex unions officiated by the Metropolitan Community Church (MCC) here on June 29 have been pitting family members against each other.

But a measure that would legalize same-sex unions in the Philippines. where the 1969 Stonewall riots were ignited by a standoff between a gay community in Greenwich Village there and the New York police. Cyrene Reyes. Casiño said HB 1483. a measure penalizing people who discriminate against homosexuals. Reproductive Health and Population and . The Stonewall incident inspired the international gay rights movement. 1483 (AntiDiscrimination Act of 2010). This bill is the third measure that proposes to update Philippine standards on sexuality and domestic relationships.The parade honored the solemnization of the unions of eight gay couples. if passed. who were ―wed‖ by pastors of the Metropolitan Community Church at a local bar on Saturday. as well as a law that would allow them to adopt children. ―is farthest from our minds at the moment. which was led by homosexuals dressed as fairies and ―Goddesses of Equality. said the parade also celebrated the legalization of same-sex unions in New York. one of the Baguio Pride Network organizers. next to the more controversial Responsible Parenthood. Teodoro Casiño. The fifth Baguio Gay Pride celebration.‖ proceeded on Sunday despite heavy and continuous rains.two others who officiated the wedding as persona non grata and is contemplating a case against them. In Vincent Cabreza‘s column in Inquirer Northern Luzon. which fought for laws criminalizing gay discrimination and which pushed co-habitation rights of samesex couples.‖ said Bayan Muna Rep. would also make the state recognize other sexual orientations. Casiño was here to draw support for House Bill No.

―but these ideas have generated a healthy public support this year. Casiño said he would seek a congressional inquiry into hate crimes against gays uncovered by the Philippine LGBT Crime Watch. an online organization linked by social networking site. Facebook.‖ Casiño said activist lawmakers have been competing with their colleagues. reproductive health and divorce for battered women as legitimate concerns. ―We only have three years [to promote civil rights legislation of this nature]. ―and just seeing our bills selected for hearing by congressional committees is already a thrill. Casiño said. He said the group claimed that 97 homosexuals have been murdered in the country since 1996. He said the Catholic Church has described the confluence of these civil rights bills as an assault on morality. reproductive health and divorce. compared to proposals for legitimizing same-sex unions. and we are glad when Congress finally discusses them on plenary. according to Casiño.―But there was no deliberate design to advocate all these bills at the same time in Congress.Development Act of 2011 (HB 4244) and the Divorce Bill (HB 1799).‖ He said the most important consequence of pursuing these measures would be to widen the public constituency that believe in gay rights.‖ There have been failed attempts to legislate laws on discrimination.‖ he said. like the RH bill. and laws allowing same-sex couples to adopt children ―which are too far beyond our [society‘s] understanding.‖ which have prompted Congress to address these concerns. ―These reports are .These are relatively easier measures to pass.

culled from news reports so we need to determine whether the murders are directed against gay individuals. It must be solemnized and registered with the civil registrar… those who got ‗married‘ and who led the ceremony have mental problems. homosexuals remain as integral members of the society who must be respected.‖ he said. He urged the national government to take the necessary steps against same-sex marriages as they violated the Civil Code of the Philippines.‖ added the bishop. ―A wedding is a holy union of a male and a female. Jocelyn R. Cruz. ―The conclusion from these observations is obvious: there can be no marriage between two individuals of the same sex. there can be no sexual union between parties of the same sex and there can be no possibility of the birth of children between two persons of the same sex. .‖ said Cruz in a statement. ―Even the Baguio local government is condemning this kind of act. has emphasized that nature itself has stipulated that marriage is between a man and a woman and the institution of marriage provides them the standard possibility of procreation and upbringing of children. homosexuals must be loved such as by pointing out and reminding them of the pertinent and existent realities and truths. In Philippine Daily Inquirer. According to Archbishop Emeritus Oscar Cruz.‖ ―In the sphere of faith and morals.‖ he said. but they must also remember about the ―inherent and intrinsic finalities of marriage. Uy wrote that Catholic bishops wants government to stop same sex marriage rites.‖ said Cenzon. judicial vicar of the National Appellate Matrimonial Tribunal.

Whether you consider it immoral or not. was led by pastors of the Metropolitan Community Church. the values system and the family life of Filipinos would crumble if the country emulated other nations permitting same-sex marriage and even divorce. homosexuality is not a chosen lifestyle. when all revealed their true colors by stating that they did not fully approve of the long-delayed Reproductive Health bill.Cruz also warned that the sacredness of marriage. in the Philippines. The bishops were reacting to the ceremony held to supposedly celebrate the unions of seven lesbian partners at a local bar in Baguio City on Saturday. not just by the Church of Rome. a Christian church ministering to homosexuals. This was never more evident than during a recent debate among presidential candidates. The ceremony. on the grounds that they spread? Immorality? One has to wonder what those righteous people in the Comelec are so concerned about. but also by all Christian faiths. This I view not as a reflection of their principles. It cannot be passed on or inflicted upon . which also stirred the city‘s evangelical community. According to Ige Ramos of Philippine Daily Inquirer. same-sex unions will never be legalized as long as the political sector continues to allow itself to be influenced. And therein lies the hypocrisy! Consider also the moralistic stand taken by the Comelec when it initially refused to accept Ang Ladlad as a legitimate political party. but rather what they felt their fundamental Christian voters wanted to hear.

you either are or you aren‘t It is genetic and nothing in this wide world will ever change that. it‘s just possible you may be fighting for the future rights of your own children. however.others. What is needed.” said Cenzon. Uy wrote that Catholic bishops want government to stop same sex marriage rites. He urged the national government to take the necessary steps against same-sex marriages as they violated the Civil Code of the Philippines. And hare‘s a thought. is something else. condemnation. is for the populace to stand up and be counted by demanding that civil rights be granted to all. Acceptance. regardless of sexuality or faith. “Even the Baguio local government is condemning this kind of act. nor is it like some disease that can be contracted. homosexuality and indeed same sex partnerships are generally accepted in our country.” added the bishop. SYNTHESIS The present study talks about Catholic bishops who want government to stop same sex marriage rites. . To put it simply. In Philippine Daily Inquirer. It is an ironic fact that despite the various churches? Continued and even obsessive. of course. Jocelyn R. “A wedding is a holy union of a male and a female. It must be solemnized and registered with the civil registrar… those who got „married‟ and who led the ceremony have mental problems.

In our living society today. Same sex marriage shouldn‘t be legalized here in the Philippines not only for the fact that we are the dominant Catholic country in Asia but because Filipinos valued marriage a lot and respect its meaning and its purpose in the cycle of life. it is a common situation when the church make public orders for the sake of Catholicism. Catholic Church is not favor in it. Furthermore Filipinos are applying in their culture the Christian virtues and that includes marriage. news. They stand on the marriage or union between man and woman. and online.According to Archbishop Emeritus Oscar Cruz. Philippines is a religion-oriented country. Marriage is not something that relies on someone‘s happiness or wishes. we are not ready for it. It is sacred and not immoral. people respect other‘s sexual preference but tying the knot to a same sex. homosexuals must be loved such as by pointing out and reminding them of the pertinent and existent realities and truths.” said Cruz in a statement. of course. these homosexuals should also remember that they are Catholic and have the responsibility to obey God‘s will. .” “In the sphere of faith and morals. There are several debates on senate. Same sex marriage is socially recognized marriage between two people of same sex. but they must also remember about the “inherent and intrinsic finalities of marriage. homosexuals remain as integral members of the society who must be respected. The church understands that homosexuals are also human and have feelings and need to be respected but on their side. On the issue of same sex marriage.

On the second box you will see that the researcher will conduct an interview. survey and analysis in gathering data.CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK INPUT  The demo profile of student respondents.  The government‘s recognition on student‘s perception. . The third box shows the future output of the conducted research. PROCESS  Interview  OUTPUT The Perception to the Legalization of  Survey Same Sex Marriage of the CITHM  Analysis Students of Lyceum of the Philippines University Figure 1 Research Model The first box shows that the subject title of the study which is The Percipience to the Legalization of Same Sex Marriage of the CITHM Students of Lyceum of the Philippines University .

Our sample formula is the Slovene‘s Formula. For the study. PARTICIPANTS OF THE STUDY The total population of CITHM is 8. Through this method.016 students. research instrument. course. The emphasis is on describing rather than on judging or interpreting. according to the registrar‘s data. A total of 100 . the researchers will be able to gather information about the perception of CITHM students regarding the legalization of this pond. To define the descriptive type of research. Creswell (1994) stated that the descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition. population and sample frame. RESEARCH DESIGN The study investigates how CITHM students assess the legalization of same sex marriage.CHAPTER III Methods of the Study This chapter presents the research methodology. the researchers employ the descriptive method analysis. data gathering. sexual preferences and gender. religion. based on their age. research design. and synthesis and statistical treatment used in the study. The aim of descriptive research is to verify formulated hypotheses that refer to the present situation in order to elucidate it.

this is said to be the most efficient sampling procedure. making the survey items easy for them to accomplish. Questionnaires composed of personal information and questions that . In order to conduct this sampling strategy. INSTRUMENTATION INSTRUMENT USED To conduct the study.respondents were asked to participate which was advised by the thesis adviser due to lack of time. Simple random sampling was done for the sample selection. The study also aimed to determine whether they agree or disagree with the issue of same sex marriage's legalization. As all members of the population have an equal chance of becoming a research participant. This sampling method is conducted where each member of a population has an equal opportunity to become part of the sample. certain inclusion criteria were imposed. To achieve pertinent information. listed down all the members of the population and then selected members to make the sample. the researcher first made the draft of the questionnaire contain the questions that would probably give vital information for this research. the researcher defined the population first. This qualification ensured that the participants have better understanding on the current issue of the legalization of same sex marriage. The participants qualified for sample selection must be senior students of the Lyceum of the Philippines University under the college of CITHM.

VALIDATION OF INSTRUMENT For the researchers to be able to test the validity of the instrument or evaluation tool used in this study. Item analysis was done by the researchers. The result of initial testing found to be not enough for the final questionnaire that is why another testing were conducted with the results of initial and second testing. the researchers then modified the content of the questionnaire. total responses for each item were obtained and tabulated. the items for each questionnaire were found to be enough items for final set of questionnaires. they chose 5 respondents to answer the questionnaire. Saturday. DATA GATHERING PROCEDURE After gathering all the completed questionnaires from the respondents. Based on the assessment and suggestions of the sample respondents. It was first validated by our thesis adviser to ensure the validity of each item contained. Finally. In order to use the . The researchers excluded irrelevant questions and changed vague or difficult terminologies into simpler ones so as to make the survey more comprehensive for the selected respondents. After the questions have been answered. on the other hand limit the respondents to choose among specific alternatives. These respondents are not part of the actual study process.would define the answers. The type of questionnaire used by the researchers is the close or fixed alternative. 2011. the researcher asked the respondents for any suggestions or any necessary corrections to improve the instrument further. Initial testing was done on August 27.

the participants were not forced to participate in the research. The total value is then divided by the total weight. the researcher relayed all important details of the study. certain ethical issues were addressed. These weights represent the significance of each quantity to the average. In order to secure the consent of the selected participants. The total weight should also be computed by adding all the weights. . The confidentiality of the participants was also ensured by not disclosing their names or personal information in the research. The consideration of these ethical issues was necessary for the purpose of ensuring the privacy as well as the safety of the participants. To compute for the weighted mean. With this. Products should then be added to obtain the total value. The respondents were also advised that they could withdraw from the study even during the process. including its aim and purpose. the respondents were able to understand the importance of their role in the completion of the research. As this study required the participation of human respondents. Only relevant details that helped in answering the research questions were included. By explaining these important details.likerts-scale for interpretation. Weighted mean is the average wherein every quantity to be averages has a corresponding weight. Among the significant ethical issues that were considered in the research process include consent and confidentiality. each value must be multiplied by its weight. weighted mean to represent each question was computed. specifically human resource professionals.

Statistical Treatment Of Data After the questionnaires will be answered. and sexual preference. according to age. This will show assessment of CITHM students on the legalization of same-sex marriage. The formula for this is. religion. course. Percentage This was used as a descriptive manner to show the relationship between two magnitudes. Weighted Mean This is a statistical tool that refers to the over all average responses or perceptions of the respondents. % = f x 100 N Where: % = the percentage f = frequency N = Total number of respondents 2. To be able to get a description of the profile of the respondents. the data coming from each item mentioned above will be placed in tabular form with the indicated percentage as well as the frequency. the profile of the respondents will be taken. WM = ∑ fx /N . The formulae that will be used in this study are: 1. gender.

00 3.Where: WM = Weighted Mean F= frequency X=scale ∑ fx = Sum of the product of the frequency and the unit. The formula for composite weighted mean is: CWM = ∑WM N Where: CWM = Composite Weighted Mean WM = Weighted Mean N = Total number of category in each factor ∑= Summation sign .0 – 1. N = Total number of respondents Interpretation was based on the Likert‘s Scale Method Mean Value 4.49 2.50 .50 – 3.49 Scale 5 4 3 2 1 Verbal Interpretation STRONGLY AGREE AGREE NEUTRAL DISAGREE STRONGLY DISAGREE 3.49 1.4.49 1.50 – 2. Composite Weighted Mean This is the average of the weighted means.50 – 5.

Demographic Profile of the Respondents The following table shows how the respondents are distributed according to their age. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA This part of the research presents the data gathered through the use of the research instrument. . 1. The presentation. Quantitative analysis is used to analyse the data through the use of numerical values. Numerical value. analysis. Presentation of the results from the respondents is done using appropriate presentation techniques.CHAPTER IV PRESENTATION. in percentage format is also used to support the interpretation. gender and nationality. and interpretation of the data follow the logical order of the questionnaire. Table presentation of the results is use in this chapter in order to add clarity on presenting the result. the survey questionnaire. Data analysis is also presented in this part of the study.

Based on the figure above.FIGURE 1. 28 or 28% are ranges from 21-24 years old and 0 or 0% range from 25-28 years old.1 Distribution of the Respondents According to Age Age Range 0% 26% 17-20 years old 74% 21-24 years old 25-28 yars old Figure 1. . 72 or 72% are ranges from 17-20 years old.1 presents the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents as to their age among 100 respondents. majority of the respondents are ranging from 17-20 years old while the 21-24 years old bracket has the least number of respondents.

. 29 out of 100 respondents are male and 71 of the respondents are female..2 Distribution of Respondents According to Gender Gender 29% 71% Male Female Figure1.FIGURE 1. This implies that majority of our respondents are female. 2 presents the profile of respondents in terms of gender. As revealed by the figure.

3 shows that 83% or majority of the respondents‘ religion is Roman Catholic. .Figure 1. 9% or 9 respondents‘ were Christians. 3 respondents‘ are from Iglesia ni Kristo which represent the 3% of the graph.3 Distribution of Respondents According to Religion Religion Roman Catholic Iglesia ni kristo Christian Others Figure 1. 5% of the respondents came from other religion such as Pentecostal and Back to Christ.

Figure 1. 2. .4 presents that 52 or 52% of the respondents are taking Bachelor of Science in Tourism. 25% or 25 of the respondents are taking Bachelor of Science in Cruise Line Management students and 23 or 23 % of the respondents are from Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management.4 Distribution of Respondents According to Course Course 25% 23% Bachelor of Science in Tourism Bachelor of Science in HRM Bachelor of Scince in Cruise Line Management Others Figure 1. Factors that influence the Assessment of CITHM students towards the Legalization of Same Sex Marriage in the Philippines The following table shows the factors that influence the youth‘s preference for Legalization of Same Sex Marriage in the Philippines.

c. It is against religious beliefs. TOTAL 4. With a mean value 4.1 presents how morality affects the respondents‘ perception towards the Legalization of Same Sex Marriage in the Philippines.Table 2. It is against the mores. . It is against the law of God. It is alongside other sexual vices.91 for the latter.11 Agree 3.21 VERBAL INTERPRETATION Agree b.21 the respondents agreed that same sex marriage is against their religious beliefs and also having a mean value of 4.43 Agree 4. my MEAN VALUE 4. with a mean value of 4. They also agreed that legalizing of same sex marriage is against the mores and is alongside other sexual vices.43 that it is against the law of God indicates that majority of the respondents are religious and their beliefs in the teaching of the church is strong. This means that the respondents‘ think it is wrong and not normal.1 Weighted Mean According to Morality MORALITY a.91 Agree 4. d.11 and 3.17 Agree Table 2.

45 completely immoral. Same sex marriage should be legalized in the 2. I support homosexual lifestyle and same sex 2. .32 Philippines. The respondents agreed that homosexuals are acceptable for them with a mean value of 3. Having a same sex relationship for me is 3. Disagree TOTAL 2. Disagree d. homosexuals are welcomed and accepted by our society already.92 Neutral Table 2. In our generation today.Table 2. Neutral c.61.61 VERBAL INTERPRETATION Agree b. are MEAN VALUE 3.31 marriage. Homosexuals acceptable for me.2 Weighted Mean According to Acceptability ACCEPTABILITY a.2 presents that acceptability of the respondents on the Legalization of same sex Marriage. The discrimination among gay and lesbian people had lessened now days.

With a mean value of 3. They still could not decide whether being on a same sex relationship is right or wrong.31 the respondents disagreed that they support homosexual lifestyle and same sex marriage and lastly they also disagree on legalizing same sex marriage. . However having a mean value of 2.45 the respondents answered neutral on the thought of same sex relationship being immoral. This proves that majority of the respondents cannot accept the legalization of same sex marriage.

The respondents answered neutral on same sex marriage shows fairness and equality among people. Same sex marriage improves people‘s lives. Same sex marriage shows fairness and equality among people.43 that normal marriage do.3 presents the expectations of the respondents towards the legalization of same sex marriage. Same sex marriage creates better harmony in the family than normal marriage. Disagree c. 2.37 Disagree d.3 Weighted Mean According to Expectations EXPECTATIONS a. Based on the results the respondents are not . 2. Same sex marriage be given the same benefit MEAN VALUE VERBAL INTERPRETATION Neutral 2.Table 2.65.42 Disagree Table 2. b.65 2. especially the third sexes. especially the third sex with a mean value of 2.23 Disagree TOTAL 2.

They still believe normal marriage offers better family life than that of same sex marriage gives. Lastly. However. the respondents also disagreed that same sex marriage creates better harmony in the family than normal marriage with a mean value of 2. . The shows that the respondents still are not open on legalizing same sex marriage in the Philippines.43 and on Same sex marriage improves peoples‘ lives with a mean value of 2.particularly clear on what base should equality be measured if were talking about homosexuals. the respondents disagreed on same sex marriage be given the same benefits that normal marriage have with a mean value of 2.37.23.

.02 RANK 4 2. d. Legalization of Same Sex Marriage after 2 years of living together. The government should require 500. .000 Php marriage fee for the same sex couple to get an authorized marriage contract.86 3 Table 3.1 Rank of Measures MEASURES a. MEAN VALUE 3.73 1 2. b.1 presents the ranking of the policies that the respondents thinks the most important if ever same sex marriage be legalized in the Philippines. Same sex marriage to be allowed only for ages 21 and above c.Table 3. The top choice was marriage requirement should include authorization or consent from both family sides to be able to show that everyone in their family agrees to their marriage decision. Third most important policy that was ranked by the respondents is that the government should require 500. Marriage requirements should include authorization or consent from both family sides. And the weakest policy for the respondents was. Second policy thaw was chosen is that same sex marriage should only be allowed for homosexuals who are twenty one years of age to ensure that they are not minors.36 2 1. marriage between same sexes will only be genuine after two years of living together.000 pesos marriage fee for the same sex couple to get an authorized marriage contract..

The perceptions of students towards the Legalization of Same Sex Marriage in the Philippines .CHAPTER V SUMMARY. The largest parts of the respondents are students of Bachelor of Science in Tourism. this will not overlook the data gathered regarding the perception of the male respondents in the study. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS This chapter presents the general statement of the research about the findings of the study and it is in these findings that determine whether the objectives of the study have been answered. 2. CONCLUSION The researchers come up with the following conclusions: 1. And also nearly everyone of the respondents‘ religion is Roman Catholic. The demographic profile of the respondents Majority of the respondents in this study are female with an age of 17-20 years old. It is safe to say that the assessment on the legalization on same sex marriage are mostly dominated in the point of view of females but still.

2. The respondents also consider that same sex marriage is against the mores and it is alongside other sexual vices. But in the later part. they cannot decide whether same sex marriage improves people‘s lives. most of them strongly agreed that same sex marriage creates better harmony in the family than normal marriage. and are neutral in supporting the homosexuals‘ lifestyle and same sex marriage. especially the third sexes. 2. In addition. Most of the respondents strongly disagreed in legalizing the same sex marriage in the Philippines.2 Acceptability Majority of the respondents agrees that homosexuals are acceptable for them. But most of the student respondents cannot decide whether same sex relationship is immoral or not. They also cannot decide whether same sex marriage should be given the same benefits as normal marriage have. . It is very much understandable since Philippines is a very religious country with 80% of its population belonging to the Roman Catholic Church thus religion holding a central place in the life of most Filipinos. 2.1 Morality Most of the respondents of this study believe that same sex marriage is against their religious beliefs and it is against the law of God.3 Expectations The large number of respondents cannot decide or cannot weigh their answer if same sex marriage shows fairness and equality among people.

their first priority for the requirements to those who are in a same sex relationship that wants to get married is that they should have consent or authorization on both family sides. Secondly is that both gay people should b of the age 21 years old and above so that the government is rest assured that the people involved are mature enough and are of their proper mind to make the decision. And lastly Legalization of Same Sex Marriage should only be given after 2 years of living together. Information Drive .3. by doing so they will be sure if their marriage can last long or if they are really compatible with each other. The government should also require 500. the following recommendations are proposed by the researchers: If the legalization of same sex marriage were to be approved by the government. The policies and programs that the government can undertake on the Legalization of Same Sex Marriage We have concluded that the if ever the Legalization of same sex marriage be approved in the Philippines. RECOMMENDATIONS Based on the findings and conclusions of the study.000 Php marriage fee for the same sex couple to get an authorized marriage contract. the following recommendations were to be presented: 1.

In order for the people to not rally or be against this anymore.Based on the study. Through this. they will be educated and made understood on the advantages of legalizing same sex marriage in the Philippines like this shows equality to people. . information drive is the solution. majority of the respondents disagreed with the legalization of same sex marriage.

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