O Level Chemistry Practice Questions

Whadssup man? Chem practice? Oh yes, cool man! Chem practice questions can be fun! The questions tickle your mind! Do you know, your whole body is full of chemical molecules, such as DNA (polymer) molecules, sodium ions, potassium ions in the human cells. Let us have some fun! You may e-mail your answers to me at chemguide7@hotmail.com and I can suggest some ideas for you (aka mark your answers! Dun worry, I am quite lenient!) 1. The diagram below shows the volume of hydrogen produced over a period of time when 4 g of calcium pellets are carefully added to an excess of dilute hydrochloric acid at 25 oC.

Draw on the diagram the curve you would expect if the experiment was repeated at the same temperature with [2] (a) 4 g of calcium pellets but with excess acid of half the concentration of the original acid. Label this curve A. (b) excess acid of the original concentration but with 4 g of powdered calcium. Label this curve B. [2] Calculate the volume of hydrogen gas evolved at 25oC for the experiment performed in part (b). [3] Describe how iron can be manufactured from a named ore using coke and limestone. Write equations for the decomposition of the limestone and for the reduction of the ore. State the waste gases produced from the blast furnace. [6]

(c)

2.

1

3. (a) (b)

Sodium, copper and magnesium are metals. Place these metals in order of reactivity, most reactive first. Suggest how sodium reacts with cold water. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction that takes place. [2] [1]

( (c)

Copper reacts with concentrated nitric acid to form a salt, a brown toxic gas, water. State the name of the salt and the identity of the brown gas. [3]

4. Hexane belongs to the homologous series of alkanes. In a molecule of hexane, there are 6 carbon atoms. (a) (b) Write the molecular formula of hexane. [1] Write a balanced chemical equation when hexane reacts with excess oxygen. [2]

5.

Sketch the temperature versus time graph of heating an ice cube from -4oC to 100oC. [2] State whether each of these substances is a compound or an element. Also state the bonding in each of these substances, whether it has ionic, simple molecular, giant molecular or metallic bonding: Substance Iron((II) oxide Oxygen gas Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) Silicon (Si) Silicon Dioxide (SiO2) [6] ` Element or compound Bonding

6.

7.

Write the balanced chemical equation when calcium carbonate reacts with aqueous nitric acid. Also, describe the procedures of how do you test for calcium ions in the resultant product mixture using two different reagents. State the observations expected. [2]

2

Challenging question: 8. Aqueous nitric acid is placed in a conical flask while aqueous sodium hydroxide is run from the burette into the flask. Write a chemical equation showing the reaction. Sketch a graph with pH of solution in the flask as the y-axis and volume of aqueous sodium hydroxide added as the x-axis. Assume that the salt formed has a pH of 7. The acid and alkali have about the same concentrations. [3] What gas would be evolved if excess sodium hydroxide is added to the final solution together with aluminium foil and the solution is warmed? [1]

(a) (b)

(c)

3

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