# 1.

In the circuit below, resistors X, Y and Z are connected in series with a 9.0 V supply.
+9.0 V

0
3000 
X

3000 
Y

Z

V

Resistors X and Z are fixed resistors of resistance 3000 . The resistance of resistor Y may be
varied between zero and 3000 .
Which of the following gives the maximum range of potential difference V across the resistors
X and Y?
A.

0 to 6.0 V

B.

3.0 V to 6.0 V

C.

4.5 V to 6.0 V

D.

4.5 V to 9.0 V
(1)

2.

The circuit contains a battery of e.m.f. 12 V and negligible resistance.

25Ω
12V

15Ω

What is the potential difference across the 25 Ω resistor?
A.

3.0 V

B.

4.5 V

C.

5.0 V

D.

7.5 V
(1)

1

3. 2.0 V. The three resistors each have resistance 10 . A conductor of constant resistance dissipates 6. B.0 W.0 V 10 10 10 V The reading of the voltmeter is A. 24 W.0 W of power when the potential difference across it is 12 V.0 V and negligible internal resistance.0 V.3. In the circuit below the battery has emf 6. C. WV–2 (1) 2 . (1) 5. A high resistance voltmeter is connected as shown. AV–1 C. 48 W. VW–2s D.0 V. Which of the following is a unit for electrical resistance? A. D.0 V. 12 W. (1) 4. D. The power that will be dissipated in this conductor when the potential difference across it is 24 V is A. 4. WA–2 B. B. 6. 6. C. 6.

Z X Y (1) 8. Three resistors P. are each labelled 100 Ω. 36 V. 0. B.25 V. Z Y X Which list shows the network resistances in increasing order of magnitude? least → greatest A. Y Z X D. Resistor R is infinite C. 4. C. Each resistor has the same resistance.0 V. Three networks X. 0. The potential difference between the two points is A. What is the correct explanation for the resistance reading? A. Y X Z C. Resistor P is zero D. D.0 V. Y and Z are shown below.6. X Q R P Y The total resistance. Resistor P is infinite (1) 3 . when measured between points X and Y.0 nC as it is moved at constant speed from one point to another is 12 nJ. is found to be 200 Ω. They are connected as shown. (1) 7. Q and R. The work done on a positive point charge of magnitude 3. X Y Z B. Resistor R is zero B.

if at all. 9P. between potential differences V0 and V1. (V1  V 0 ) I2 decreases C. P . resistance at V1 change between V0 and V1 A. The three resistors are now connected in parallel. V1 I1 decreases (1) 4 . Three identical resistors of constant resistance are connected in series to a battery of negligible internal resistance. V1 I1 no change D. 3 B. The total power dissipated is A. The total power dissipated in the circuit is P. The graph shows the current-voltage (I-V) characteristic of an electrical component. 3P. I I1 0 0 V0 V1 V What is the resistance of the component at a potential difference V1 and how does the resistance change. P. C. (1) 10. D.9. (V1  V 0 ) I1 no change B.

................................................ A lamp is designed to operate at normal brightness with a potential difference of 12 V across its filament....50 A........................... .......... (1) In order to measure the voltage-current (V-I) characteristics of a lamp...................................................... ............................... 12 V battery (b) On the circuit above......................................................................................... The current in the filament is 0.... a student sets up the following electrical circuit...... add circuit symbols showing the correct positions of an ideal ammeter and an ideal voltmeter that would allow the V-I characteristics of this lamp to be measured.................................................................... ...... (a) For the lamp at normal brightness........................................................................................................................................ (2) 5 ...................................................................................................................................... ................................. .............................................11..................... calculate (i) the power dissipated in the filament.................... This question compares the electrical properties of two 12 V filament lamps....... (1) (ii) the resistance of the filament... .....

........................... ..................................................................................................................... .....The voltmeter and the ammeter are connected correctly in the previous circuit............................................................. (3) (ii) Explain why this circuit enables the potential difference across the lamp to be reduced to zero volts............. ..................... ............................................................ (2) An alternative circuit for measuring the V-I characteristic uses a potential divider........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ... (2) (ii) cannot be reduced to zero....................................... (d) (i) Draw a circuit that uses a potential divider to enable the V-I characteristics of the filament to be found...................................... ............................... (c) Explain why the potential difference across the lamp (i) cannot be increased to 12 V..................... 6 ........... (2) The graph below shows the V-I characteristic for two 12 V filament lamps A and B................................................................

............. ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................... (3) The two lamps are now connected in series with a 12 V battery as shown below......................................................................... . .......................................... .......................... (2) (ii) State and explain which lamp has the greater power dissipation for a potential difference of 12 V.........................................5 1.................... ................0 current / A (e) (i) Explain why these lamps do not obey Ohm’s law........ 7 ....................................................Potential difference /V lamp A lamp B 12 0 0 0.................................................................................

.................. ................................................................................................................................................... .................................... ............... ...................................................................... (2) (Total 25 marks) 8 .................................... ........................................................... (4) (iii) Compare the power dissipated by the two lamps...............................12 V battery lamp A (f) (i) lamp B State how the current in lamp A compares with that in lamp B............................................................................................................................................................................................... (1) (ii) Use the V-I characteristics of the lamps to deduce the total current from the battery........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................... ........................................................................................ ...........