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LX150Workshop

LX150Workshop

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WORKSHOP MANUAL

633572
LX 150 4T USA
WORKSHOP
MANUAL
LX 150 4T USA
The descriptions and illustrations supplied in this publication are not binding. PÌAGGÌO therefore
reserves the right to make any changes to pieces, parts or accessory supplies, which it believes to be
appropriate for improvement purposes or any requirement of a constructive or commercial nature, at
any time, without the obligation to up-dating this publication before time, the essential characteristics
of the type described and illustrated here remaining valid.
Not all versions reported in this publication are available in all Countries. The availability of single
versions should be checked at the official Piaggio sales network.
"© Copyright 2005 - PÌAGGÌO & C. S.p.A. Pontedera. All rights reserved. No part of this publication
may be reproduced."
PÌAGGÌO & C. S.p.A. - Q.C.S./ After Sale Service V.le Rinaldo Piaggio, 23 - 56025 Pontedera (PÌ)
www.piaggio.com
WORKSHOP MANUAL
LX 150 4T USA
This workshop manual has been drawn up by Piaggio & C. Spa to be used by the
workshops of Piaggio-Gilera dealers. This manual is addressed to Piaggio service
mechanics who are supposed to have a basic knowledge of mechanics principles
and of vehicle fixing techniques and procedures. Any important changes made to the
vehicles or to specific fixing operations will be promptly reported by updates to this
manual. Nevertheless, no fixing work can be satisfactory if the necessary equipment
and tools are unavailable. Ìt is therefore advisable to read the sections of this manual
relating to specific tools, along with the specific tool catalogue.
N.B. Provides key information to make the procedure easier to understand and carry out.
CAUTION Refers to specific procedures to carry out for preventing damages to the vehicle.
WARNING Refers to specific procedures to carry out to prevent injuries to the repairer.
PersonaI safety Failure to completely observe these instructions will result in serious risk of personal
injury.
Safeguarding the environment Sections marked with this symbol indicate the correct use of the
vehicle to prevent damaging the environment.
VehicIe intactness The incomplete or non-observance of these regulations leads to the risk of serious
damage to the vehicle and sometimes even the invalidity of the guarantee.
INDEX OF TOPICS
CHARACTERISTICS CHAR
TOOLING TOOL
MAINTENANCE MAIN
TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBL
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ELE SYS
ENGINE FROM VEHICLE ENG VE
ENGINE ENG
SUSPENSIONS SUSP
BRAKING SYSTEM BRAK SYS
CHASSIS CHAS
PRE-DELIVERY PRE DE
TIME TIME
INDEX OF TOPICS
CHARACTERISTICS CHAR
RuIes
This section describes general safety rules for any interventions to be performed on the vehicle.
Safety ruIes
- Should it be necessary to keep the engine running while servicing, make sure that the area or room
is well ventilated, and use special exhaust fans, if required. Never let the engine running in closed
rooms. Ìn fact, exhaust gases are toxic.
- The battery electrolyte contains sulphuric acid. Protect your eyes, cloths and skin. Sulphuric acid is
highly corrosive; in the event of contact with your eyes or clothes, rinse thoroughly with water and
consult a doctor immediately.
- The battery produces hydrogen, a gas that can be highly explosive. Do not smoke and avoid sparks
and flames when close to the battery, especially during recharge.
- Fuel is highly flammable, and in some conditions it can be explosive. Do not smoke in the working
area, and avoid free flames or sparks.
- Clean the brake pads in a well ventilated environment, directing the compressed air jet so as to not
intake the dust produced by the wear of the friction material. Even though the latter contains no as-
bestos, dust inhalation is harmful.
Maintenance ruIes
- Use original PÌAGGÌO spare parts and lubricants recommended by the Manufacturer. Non-original
or non-conforming spares may damage the vehicle.
- Use only the specific tools designed for this vehicle.
- Always use new gaskets, sealing rings and split pins upon reassembly.
- After removal, clean the components using non-flammable or low fire-point solvent. Lubricate all
working surfaces before reassembly, except for conical couplings.
- After reassembly, check that all components have been installed properly and that they are in good
working order.
- For removal, overhaul and reassembly operations use only tools provided with metric measures.
Metric bolts, nuts and screws are not interchangeable with coupling members with English measure-
ment. Using improper coupling members and tools may impair the vehicle.
- Should any interventions to the vehicle electric system be required, check that the electrical connec-
tions - especially earth and battery connections - have been implemented properly.
VehicIe identification
Characteristics LX 150 4T USA
CHAR - 2
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
Specification Desc./Quantity
Chassis prefix ZAPM 428 F5
engine prefix M442M÷1001
Dimensions and mass
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
Specification Desc./Quantity
Curbside weight 110 ± 5 kg
Maximum height 1140 mm
Width 740 mm
Wheelbase 1280 mm
Length 1800 mm
Engine
ENGINE
Specification Desc./Quantity
Engine Single cylinder 4-stroke Piaggio LEADER
Timing system Single Over-Head Cam shaft (SOHC), 2 valves
Valve play suction 0,10 exhaust: 0,15
Bore per stroke 62,6 x 48,6 mm
Dry weight 150,46 cm³
Compression ratio 10.5 : 1
Carburettor KEÌHÌN CVEK26
Ìdling ~ 1600 ÷ 1800 r.p.m.
Starter system Electric
Max power 11,6 CV at 7750 rpm
Cooling Forced air.
LX 150 4T USA Characteristics
CHAR - 3
Transmission
TRANSMISSION
Specification Desc./Quantity
Trasmission With automatic expandable pulley variator,
trapezoidal belt, automatic clutch, gear reducer
and transmission compartment with forced circu-
lation.
Capacities
CAPACITY
Specification Desc./Quantity
Engine oil ~ 1000 cc
Rear oil hub ~ 100 cc
Fuel tank capacity ¯ 8.5 litres (including 2 l reserve)
EIectricaI system
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Specification Desc./Quantity
Starter system Electric
Spark Champion RG6YC- NGK CR7EB
Frame and suspensions
CHASSIS AND SUSPENSION
Specification Desc./Quantity
Frame Structural frame in pressed sheet steel
Steering and suspensions Steering column tube pivoted on front wheel hub;
helical spring suspension and hydraulic double-ef-
fect shock absorbers; rear with hydraulic double-ef-
fect shock absorber and adjustable coaxial spring
in the preloading on 4 positions.
Brakes
BRAKES
Specification Desc./Quantity
Front brake Ø 200 mm disc (hydraulically controlled via a
lever on RHS of handlebars) with fixed calliper.
Characteristics LX 150 4T USA
CHAR - 4
Specification Desc./Quantity
Rear brake Ø110 mm drum
WheeIs and tyres
WHEELS AND TYRES
Specification Desc./Quantity
Front wheel rim Die-cast aluminium alloy 2.50x11"
Front tyre Tubeless 110/70-11"
Rear wheel rim Die-cast aluminium alloy 3.00x10"
Rear tyre Tubeless 120/70-10"
Tyre pressure (front wheel) 1,6 bar
Tyre pressure rear wheel 2 bar
Tyre pressure (rear wheel driver and passenger) 2,3 bar
Secondary air
To reduce the amount of polluting emissions, this
vehicle is equipped with a catalytic converter.
Ìn order to facilitate the catalysis process, extra
oxygen is supplied via a Secondary Air System
(SAS).
Such system allows to add oxygen to the unburnt
gases before the catalytic converter, thus improv-
ing the efficiency of the catalyser and hence the
reaction process.
Air is added through an intake duct on the cylin-
der head, after being depurated by black filter.
The system is equipped with a shut-off valve
which engages during deceleration, so to avoid
undesired noise.
To ensure the SAS is always working correctly, it
is necessary to have it checked by an Author-
ised Piaggio Service Station every 12,000 Km
(see the Maintenance Operations section), so that
the filters may be thoroughly cleaned.
LX 150 4T USA Characteristics
CHAR - 5
The operation consists of cleaning the filtering
elements with water and neutral detergent and
then drying them with a clean cloth and light jets
of compressed air.
SHOULD YOU REQUIRE ANY ASSISTANCE, CON-
TACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORISED PIAGGIO
DEALER.
Carburettor
150cc Version
Kehin
CALIBRATION CARBURETOR
Specification Desc./Quantity
Type CVEK 26
Throttle valve diameter Ø 26,5
Choke diameter Ø 26,4
Adjustment marking 265A
Maximum thrust 82
Maximum air thrust (on body) 85
Tapered pin stamping NELA
Gas valve spring 130 ÷ 180 gr.
Minimum jet 35
Minimum air thrust (on body) 150
Ìnitial minimum mixture screw opening 1 ¾
Starter jet 42
Starter air thrust (on body) Ø 1,5
Starter pin stroke 10 mm (a 24°)
Choke resistor 20 Ohm (a 24°)
Tightening Torques
LUBRICATION
Characteristics LX 150 4T USA
CHAR - 6
Name Torque in Nm
Hub oil drainage cap 15 ÷ 17
Oil filter 4 ÷ 6
Oil pump cover screws 5 ÷ 6
Oil pump screw tightening torque 5 ÷ 6 Nm
Pump drive pulley screw 10 ÷ 14
Chain cover screws 4 ÷ 6
Oil pan screws 10 ÷ 14
Minimum oil pressure sensor 12 ÷ 14
Blow-by recovery duct fastening screws: 3 - 4
CYLINDER HEAD
Name Torque in Nm
Ìgnition spark plug 12 ÷ 14
Head cover screw 11 ÷ 13
Head to cylinder set nuts (*) 28 ÷ 30
Head set screws (external) 11 ÷ 13
Start up mass screws 7 ÷ 8,5
Magneto housing screw 1 ÷ 2
Magneto side air duct screw 3 ÷ 4
De-compressor balance weight fixing 7 ÷ 8,5
Camshaft pulley screw: 12 ÷ 14 Nm
Timing chain tightener sliding block screws 10 ÷ 14
Start up mass bell screws 11 ÷ 15
Tightener screws 11÷13 Nm
Timing chain tensioner central screw: 5 ÷ 6 Nm
Camshaft retain plate screw 5 ÷ 6
Exhaust pipe/cylinder head fixing nut. 16 ÷ 18
Suction manifold screw on head 11 ÷ 13
TRANSMISSION
Name Torque in Nm
Driving pulley screw 75 ÷ 83
Transmission cover screw 11 ÷ 13
Driven pulley axis (°) 54 ÷ 60
Rear hub cover screw 24 ÷ 27
Clutch assembly nut on driven pulley 45 ÷ 50
LX 150 4T USA Characteristics
CHAR - 7
FLYWHEEL
Name Torque in Nm
Flywheel fan screws 3 ÷4 N.m
Stator cover screws (°) 3 ÷ 4
Flywheel nut 52 ÷ 58
Pick-up screw 3÷ 4
CRANKCASE AND DRIVING SHAFT
Name Torque in Nm
Engine crankcase inside head screws
(transmission side half shaft)
4 ÷ 6
Oil filter union on crankcase 27 ÷ 33
Rear brake shaft set screw 11 ÷ 13
Engine crankcase coupling screws 11 ÷ 13
Prefilter cap 24 ÷ 30
Starter motor fixing screw: 11 ÷ 13 Nm
Muffler to crankcase set screws 24 ÷ 27
Engine oil drainage cap 24 ÷ 30
STEERING UNIT
Name Torque in Nm
Steering upper ring nut 35 ÷ 40
Steering lower ring nut 12 ÷ 14
Handlebar fastening screw 50 ÷ 55
CHASSIS UNIT
Name Torque in Nm
Frame - swing arm bolt 44 ÷ 52
rocker arm pin - engine 33 ÷ 41
Centre stand pin 32 ÷ 40
Bolt mounting rocker arm silent-block 33 ÷ 41
FRONT SUSPENSION
Name Torque in Nm
Shock absorber upper nut 20 ÷ 30
Front wheel spindle nut 75 ÷ 90
Shock absorber upper bracket bolt 20 ÷ 25
Wheel rim screw 20 ÷ 25
Shock absorber lower bolts (°) 20 ÷ 27
Characteristics LX 150 4T USA
CHAR - 8
FRONT BRAKE
Name Torque in Nm
Pump-tube oil connection 8 ÷ 12
Tube-caliper oil connection 20 ÷ 25
Screw fixing the caliper to the support 20 ÷ 25
Brake disc screw 5 ÷ 6,5
Oil bleeder valve (on caliper) 10 ÷ 12
Handlebar to pump 7 ÷ 10
REAR SUSPENSION
Name Torque in Nm
Rear wheel axle 104 ÷ 126
Shock absorber bottom fixing 33 ÷ 41
Shock absorber/chassis nut: 20 - 25 N.m
OverhauI data
AssembIy cIearances
CyIinder - piston assy.
COUPLING BETWEEN PISTON (ASSO-WERKE) AND CYLINDER
Name PIay InitiaIs CyIinder Piston PIay on fitting
Coupling </> A 62,580 ÷
62,587
62,533 ÷
62,540
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Coupling </> B 62,587 ÷
62,594
62,540 ÷
62,547
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Coupling </> C 62,594 ÷
62,601
62,547 ÷
62,554
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Coupling </> D 62,601 ÷
62,608
62,554 ÷
62,561
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 1st in-
crease
</> A1 62,780 ÷
62,787
62,733 ÷
62,740
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 1st in-
crease
</> B1 62,787 ÷
62,794
62,740 ÷
62,747
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 1st in-
crease
</> C1 62,794 ÷
62,801
62,747 ÷
62,754
0,040 ÷ 0,054
LX 150 4T USA Characteristics
CHAR - 9
Name PIay InitiaIs CyIinder Piston PIay on fitting
Compression
segment 1st in-
crease
</> D1 62,801 ÷
62,808
62,754 ÷
62,761
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 2st in-
crease
</> A2 62,980 ÷
62,987
62,933 ÷
62,940
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 2st in-
crease
</> B2 62,987 ÷
62,994
62,940 ÷
62,947
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 2st in-
crease
</> C2 62,994 ÷
63,001
62,947 ÷
62,954
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 2st in-
crease
</> D2 63,001 ÷
63,008
62,954 ÷
62,961
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 3st in-
crease
</> A3 63,180 ÷
63,187
63,133 ÷
63,140
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 3st in-
crease
</> B3 63,187 ÷
63,194
63,140 ÷
63,147
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 3st in-
crease
</> C3 63,194 ÷
63,201
63,147 ÷
63,154
0,040 ÷ 0,054
Compression
segment 3st in-
crease
</> D3 63,201 ÷
63,208
63,154 ÷
63,161
0,040 ÷ 0,054
COUPLING BETWEEN PISTON (RIGHT WAY) AND CYLINDER
Name PIay InitiaIs CyIinder Piston PIay on fitting
Coupling </> A 62,580 ÷
62,587
62,541 ÷
62,548
0,032 ÷ 0,046
Coupling </> B 62,587 ÷
62,594
62,548 ÷
62,555
0,032 ÷ 0,046
Coupling </> C 62,594 ÷
62,601
62,555 ÷
62,562
0,032 ÷ 0,046
Coupling </> D 62,601 ÷
62,608
62,562 ÷
62,569
0,032 ÷ 0,046
Piston rings
PISTON RINGS
Characteristics LX 150 4T USA
CHAR - 10
Name Description Dimensions InitiaIs Quantity
Compression lining 62.6x1 A 0.15 ÷ 0.30
Scraper ring lining 62.6x1 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Scraper ring lining 62.6x2.5 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Compression lining
1° greater
62.8x1 A 0.15 ÷ 0.30
Scraper ring lining
1° greater
62.8x1 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Scraper ring lining
1° greater
62.8x2.5 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Compression lining
2° greater
63.0 x 1 A 0.15 ÷ 0.30
Scraper ring lining
2° greater
63.0 x 1 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Compression lining
2° greater
63.0 x 2.5 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Compression lining
3° greater
63.2 x 1 A 0.15 ÷ 0.30
Compression lining
3° greater
63.2 x 1 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Compression lining
3° greater
63.2 x 2.5 A 0.20 ÷ 0.40
Crankcase - crankshaft - connecting rod
AXIAL PLAY BETWEEN CRANKSHAFT AND ROD
Name Description Dimensions InitiaIs Quantity
Half shaft trans-
mission side
16,6 +0 -0,05 A D = 0,20 ÷ 0,50
Half shaft flywheel
side
16,6 +0 -0,05 B D = 0,20 ÷ 0,50
Connecting rod 18 -0,10 -0,15 C 0,20 ÷ 0,50
LX 150 4T USA Characteristics
CHAR - 11
Name Description Dimensions InitiaIs Quantity
Crank pin length 51,400 E
AXIAL PLAY BETWEEN CRANKSHAFT AND BENCH SEMIBEARINGS
Name Description Dimensions InitiaIs Quantity
Crankshaft category 1 28,998 ÷ 29,004
Crankshaft category 2 29,004 ÷ 29,010
Carter Class 1 32,953 ÷ 32,959
Carter Class 2 32,959 ÷ 32.965
Half crankshaft
bearing
Type B - blue 1,973 ÷ 1,976
Half crankshaft
bearing
Type C - yellow 1,976 ÷ 1,979
Half crankshaft
bearing
Type E - green 1,979 ÷ 1,982
Crankshaft 1 cat-
egory 1
E - E
Crankshaft 1 cat-
egory 2
C - C
Crankshaft 2 cat-
egory 1
C - C
Crankshaft 2 cat-
egory 2
B - B
Crankshaft/crankcase axial play: 0,15 ÷ 0,40
Characteristics LX 150 4T USA
CHAR - 12
SIot packing system
- Temporarily fit the cylinder on the piston, without the base gasket.
- Fit a comparator on the specific device
- Reset the comparator on an inspection surface with an average preload of 5 mm for example Keep-
ing the reset position, fit the device on the cylinder and lock it with 2 nuts as shown in the figure.
- Turn the crankshaft until the upper dead centre point (inversion point of the comparator rotation).
- Calculate the difference between the two measurements: using the table below find the thickness of
the cylinder base gasket to be used for reassembly. Correct identification of the thickness of the cyl-
inder base gasket helps keep the correct compression ratio.
- Remove the specific device and cylinder.
Characteristic
Compression ratio
10.5 : 1
PACKING SYSTEM
Specification Desc./Quantity
Measured dimension 1 ÷ 1,1
Base gasket thickness 0,8 ± 0,05
Measured dimension 1,1 ÷ 1,3
Base gasket thickness 0,6 ± 0,05
Measured dimension 1,3 ÷ 1,4
Base gasket thickness 0,4 ± 0,05
Products
TABLE OF RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS
Product Description Specifications
TUTELA MATRYX MOTO
RÌDER
Oil for rear hub Oil synthetic multidegree SAE
75W/85 APÌ GL4
LX 150 4T USA Characteristics
CHAR - 13
Product Description Specifications
SELENÌA HÌ Scooter 4 Tech Oil for flexible transmission lub-
rication (brake, acceleration con-
trol, km counter)
Oil for four stroke motors
SELENÌA Air Filter Oil Oil for air filter sponge Mineral oil with specific additive
for ingreasing the ÌSO VG 150
SELENÌA HÌ Scooter 4 Tech Engine oil Synthetic oil SAE 5W/40 that
passes the APÌ SG specification.
JOTA 3 FS Speedometer transmission Lithium soap grease NLGÌ 33
TUTELA TOP 4 Brake fluid Synthetic fluid SAE J1703,
NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ÌSO 4925
MONTBLANC MOLYBDENUM
GREASE
Grease for driven pulley shaft
compensating ring and mobile
driven pulley sliding seat
Molybdenum bisulphide grease
TUTELA ZETA 2 Grease for steering bearings
and swing arm pin seats and
driven pulley spring supporting
surface (pulley side only)
Lithium soap and zinc oxide
grease NLGÌ2
TUTELA TP1 Grease for brake control lever,
gas
NLGÌ 1-2 calcium soap based
white spray grease
Characteristics LX 150 4T USA
CHAR - 14
INDEX OF TOPICS
TOOLING TOOL
TOOLS
Stores code Description
001330Y Steering seat installer, to be fit-
ted with parts: 001330Y009-For
lower seat, 001330Y013-For up-
per seat
001467Y009 Bell for bearings external Ø 50
mm
001467Y013 15-mm pliers
002465Y Pliers for snap rings
005095y Engine support
008564Y Flywheel extractor
Tooling LX 150 4T USA
TOOL - 2
Stores code Description
020004Y Drift for removing thrust rings
from steering head tube
020055Y Steering tube ring nut spanner
020074Y Crankshaft aligning tool
020150Y Support for air heater "METABO
HG 1500/2"
020151Y Air heater "METABO HG
1500/2"
020193Y Oil pressure gauge
LX 150 4T USA Tooling
TOOL - 3
Stores code Description
020262Y Crankcase detachment plate
020263Y Protective sheath
020287Y Piston band clamps (Engine
125cc)
020306Y Valve sealing ring drift
020329Y Pump MÌTYVAC
Tooling LX 150 4T USA
TOOL - 4
Stores code Description
020330Y Timing light for two- and four-
stroke engines
020331Y Digital multimeter
020332Y Digital rpm counter
020333Y Single battery charger
LX 150 4T USA Tooling
TOOL - 5
Stores code Description
020334Y Multiple battery charger
020335Y Magnetic stand and comparator
020357Y 32 x 35 mm adaptor
020359Y 42 x 47 mm hub bearing fitting
adaptor
020360Y 52 x 55 mm adaptor
020363Y 20mm guide
020364Y 25 mm guide
Tooling LX 150 4T USA
TOOL - 6
Stores code Description
020368Y driving pulley stop wrench
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
020376Y Handle for punches
020382Y011 Bushing (valve remover)
020409Y Multimeter adapter (Peak
voltage measurement)
020412Y 15 mm guide
LX 150 4T USA Tooling
TOOL - 7
Stores code Description
020414Y 28-mm guide - Hub bearing as-
sembly
020423Y driven pulley stop key
020424Y Driven pulley roller casing drift
020425Y Flywheel-side oil guard punch
020426Y Piston fitting fork
Tooling LX 150 4T USA
TOOL - 8
Stores code Description
020427y Piston Fitting Tool (motor 150)
020428Y Piston position check support
020430Y Pin retainers installation tool
020431Y Valve oil seal extractor
020434Y Oil pressure gauge connection
LX 150 4T USA Tooling
TOOL - 9
Stores code Description
020444Y Driven half pulley spring com-
pressor tool
020565Y Compass flywheel stop spanner
020622Y Transmission-side oil guard
punch
494929 Exhaust gas analyser
Tooling LX 150 4T USA
TOOL - 10
INDEX OF TOPICS
MAINTENANCE MAIN
Maintenance chart
EVERY 2 YEARS
Action
Brake fluid - Change
EVERY 3000 KM
Action
Engine Oil - Level Check/Top up
AT 1000 KM O 4 MONTH
Action
Engine oil - Replacement
Hub Oil - Replacement
Oil filter (net) - cleaning
Ìdling speed (*) - Adjustment
Acceleration command - Adjustment
Steering - Adjust
Brake levers - Grease
Brake pads - Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level - Check
Nuts, bolts and fasteners - Check
Electrical system and battery - Check
Tires-inflation and wear - Check
Vehicle and brake test - Road test
(*) See section «Adjusting the idle speed»
AT 6000 KM OR 12 MONTH, 18000 KM, 54000 KM
150'
Action
Engine oil - Replacement
Hub oil level - Check
Spark plug/electrode gap - Check
Air Filter - Cleaning
Oil filter - Replacement
Oil filter (net) - cleaning
Valvle play 125 - recording
Variator rollers and shoes - inspection
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 2
Action
Transmission Belt - Check
Brake pads - Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level - Check
Electrical system and battery - Check
Centre stand - grease
Tires-inflation and wear - Check
Vehicle and brake test - Road test
AT 12000 KM OR 24 MONTHS AND AT 60000 KM
160'
Action
Engine oil - Replacement
Hub oil level - Check
Air Filter - Cleaning
Oil filter - Replacement
Oil filter (net) - cleaning
Spark plug - Replace
Ìdling speed (*) - Adjustment
Acceleration command - Adjustment
Variator rollers and shoes - replacement
Transmission Belt - Replacemen
Speedometer cable - Grease
Steering - Adjust
Brake levers - Grease
Brake pads - Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level - Check
Transmissions - Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners - Check
Suspensions - Check
Electrical system and battery - Check
Headlight - Adjust
Centre stand - grease
Secundary filter air - cleaning
Tires-inflation and wear - Check
Vehicle and brake test - Road test
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 3
(*) See section «Adjusting the idle speed»
AT 24000 KM AND AT 48000 KM
205'
Action
Engine oil - Replacement
Hub Oil - Replacement
Air Filter - Cleaning
Oil filter - Replacement
Oil filter (net) - cleaning
Spark plug - Replace
Ìdling speed (*) - Adjustment
Acceleration command - Adjustment
Variator rollers and shoes - replacement
Transmission Belt - Replacemen
Ventilation system cylinder - cleaning
Speedometer cable - Grease
Steering - Adjust
Brake levers - Grease
Brake pads - Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level - Check
Transmissions - Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners - Check
Suspensions - Check
Electrical system and battery - Check
Headlight - Adjust
Tires-inflation and wear - Check
Secundary filter air - cleaning
Centre stand - grease
Vehicle and brake test - Road test
(*) See section «Adjusting the idle speed»
AT 30000 KM, AT 42000 KM AND AT 66000 KM
125'
Action
Engine oil - Replacement
Hub oil level - Check
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 4
Action
Spark plug/electrode gap - Check
Air Filter - Cleaning
Oil filter - Replacement
Oil filter (net) - cleaning
Variator rollers and shoes - Check
Transmission Belt - Check
Brake pads - Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level - Check
Electrical system and battery - Check
Centre stand - grease
Tires-inflation and wear - Check
Vehicle and brake test - Road test
AT 36000 KM
300'
Action
Engine oil - Replacement
Hub Oil - Replacement
Spark plug - Replace
Air Filter - Cleaning
Oil filter - Replacement
Oil filter (net) - cleaning
Valvle play 125 - recording
Ìdling speed (*) - Adjustment
Acceleration command - Adjustment
Variator rollers and shoes - replacement
Transmission Belt - Replacemen
Speedometer cable - Grease
Steering - Adjust
Brake levers - Grease
Brake pads - Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level - Check
Braking circuit hose - Replacement
Transmissions - Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners - Check
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 5
Action
Suspensions - Check
Electrical system and battery - Check
Headlight - Adjust
Secundary filter air - cleaning
Centre stand - grease
Tires-inflation and wear - Check
Vehicle and brake test - Road test
(*) See section «Adjusting the idle speed»
AT 72000 KM
300'
Action
Engine oil - Replacement
Hub Oil - Replacement
Spark plug - Replace
Air Filter - Cleaning
Oil filter - Replacement
Oil filter (net) - cleaning
Valvle play 125 - recording
Ìdling speed (*) - Adjustment
Acceleration command - Adjustment
Variator rollers and shoes - replacement
Transmission Belt - Replacemen
Speedometer cable - Grease
Steering - Adjust
Cylinder cooling system - Check
Brake levers - Grease
Brake pads - Check condition + wear
Brake fluid level - Check
Braking circuit hose - Replacement
Transmissions - Lubricate
Nuts, bolts and fasteners - Check
Suspensions - Check
Electrical system and battery - Check
Headlight - Adjust
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 6
Action
Secundary filter air - cleaning
Centre stand - grease
Tires-inflation and wear - Check
Vehicle and brake test - Road test
(*) See section «Adjusting the idle speed»
Checking the spark advance
- To check the ignition advance, use the stroboscopic lamp with induction collet connected to the
spark plug power supply cable.
- Connect the induction collet according to the right polarity (the arrow on the collet must be facing
the spark plug).
- Set the lamp selector to the central position (1 spark = 1 driving shaft revolution as in 2 stroke en-
gines).
- Start the engine and check that the lamp is in good working order and that the rpm counter reads
high speeds too (e.g. 8,000 rpm).
- Ìf you detect abnormal flashes or rpm reads, increase the resistive load on the spark plug supply
line (10 ÷ 15 KC in series with the H.V. cable).
- Acting upon the flash timing corrector on the tim-
ing light, align the reference on the flywheel cover
with that on the fan, as shown in the figure. Read
the degrees of advance shown by the timing light
and compare them with those provided.
Characteristic
Checking the spark advance
10° ± 1° a 2000 rpm - 26° ± 1° a 6000 rpm
Spark advance variation
TIMING VARIATION
Specification Desc./Quantity
Ìntervention threshold First threshold: 9000±50
Second threshold: 9300±50
Re-establishment threshold First threshold 8900±50
Second threshold: 9200±50
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 7
Specification Desc./Quantity
Spark suppression First threshold : 1 spark out of 7
Second threshold: 2 sparks out of 3
Braking system
LeveI check
Proceed as follows:
- Rest the vehicle onto its centre-stand and align
the handlebars;
- Check the liquid level through the inspection
hole «A».
A certain decrease in the liquid level is due to the
wear of the pads.
Top-up
Use the following procedure:
Loosen the two screws, remove the reservoir cap,
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 8
remove the gasket and top up only with the pre-
scribed fluid without exceeding the maximum
level.
CAUTION
USE ONLY DOT 4 BRAKE FLUID.
CAUTION
KEEP THE BRAKE FLUID AWAY FROM THE SKIN,
THE EYES AND CLOTHING. IN CASE OF CON-
TACT, RINSE GENEROUSLY WITH WATER.
CAUTION
THE BRAKE FLUID IS HIGHLY CORROSIVE. TAKE
CARE NOT TO SPILL IT ON THE PAINTWORK.
CAUTION
THE BRAKE FLUID IS HYGROSCOPIC, I.E. IT
ABSORBS HUMIDITY FROM THE AIR. IF THE
HUMIDITY CONTAINED IN THE FLUID EX-
CEEDS A GIVEN CONCENTRATION, THE
BRAKING ACTION BECOMES INSUFFICIENT.
NEVER DRAW THE FLUID FROM OPEN OR
PARTLY EMPTY CONTAINERS.
UNDER NORMAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS THE
FLUID SHOULD BE RENEWED EVERY 20,000
KM, OR IN ANY CASE EVERY TWO YEARS.
N.B.
CHANGE THE BRAKE FLUID AND BLEED THE
SYSTEM AS DESCRIBED IN CHAPTER BRAKING
SYSTEM
Recommended products
TUTELA TOP 4 Brake fIuid
Synthetic fluid SAE J1703, NHTSA 116 DOT 4,
ÌSO 4925
HeadIight adjustment
Proceed as follows:
1. Place the vehicle, in riding order and with the
tyres inflated to the prescribed pressure, on flat
ground, 10 m away from a half-lit white screen.
Ensure the vehicle axis is perpendicular to the
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 9
screen;
2. Turn the headlight on and check the projection
of the light beam is between 7/10 and 9/10 of the
distance measured from the ground to the centre
of the headlight;
3. Adjust the headlight as necessary, via screw
«A».
WARNING
THE PROCEDURE DESCRIBED ABOVE COMPLIES
WITH THE "EURONORM" CONCERNING THE MAX.
AND MIN. HEIGHT OF THE LIGHT BEAM OF A
ROAD VEHICLE. PLEASE CHECK WITH THE LOC-
AL AUTHORITIES FOR WHAT REQUIREMENTS
MUST BE FULFILLED IN EVERY SINGLE COUNTRY
WHERE THE VEHICLE IS TO BE USED.
CO check
Proceed as follows:
- Remove the right side panel
- Remove the spoiler end
- Remove the magneto cover.
- Remove the band and secondary air valve as
shown in the photo.
- Connect the exhaust pipe with the rubber sleeve
of the secondary air system. This connection
must ensure that the system is airtight to avoid in-
correct readings of the CO value.
N.B.
IN CASE OF UNBURNT HYDROCARBONS (HC) >
OF 1,000 P.P.M., CHECK THE IGNITION SYSTEM,
THE TIMING, THE VALVE CLEARANCE AND THE
DRAINAGE VALVE SEAL.
N.B.
IN CASE OF UNSTEADY CO, CHECK THE CAR-
BURETTOR CLEANING, THE FEEDING SYSTEM
EFFICIENCY AND THE VACUUM SEALS.
N.B.
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 10
IF NOT, CHECK THE FUEL LEVEL ADJUSTMENT IN
THE BASIN AND CHECK THE FUEL CIRCUIT.
N.B.
ALSO CHECK THAT THE CARBURETION ADJUST-
MENT IS OBTAINED WITH THE FLOW SCREW
OPEN BY 2 TO 4 TURNS.
N.B.
CHECK THAT THE RESULT IS OBTAINED WITH
THE GAS VALVE IN THE CLOSEST POSITION.
Specific tooIing
020332Y DigitaI rpm counter
494929 Exhaust gas anaIyser
Characteristic
Verification
3,8±0,7 to 1650±50 rpm
SAS fiIters inspection and cIeaning
Proceed as follows:
- Remove the right side panel
- Remove the screw on the rear right part of the
footrest indicated in the photo
- Remove the spoiler end
- Remove the 6 magneto cover screws indicated
in the photo and remove the magneto cover
- Remove the screws securing the SAS to the
magneto cover as shown in the photo.
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 11
- Remove the six screw flywheel cover shown in
the picture and remove the flywheel cover.
- Remove the two screws shown in the picture.
- Remove the filter shown in the picture.
- Ìnspect the gasket.
- Ensure the SAS filter box is not cracked or de-
formed.
- Accurately clean the SAS filter. Ìn the event of
break-ups or abnormal deformations, proceed
with the replacement.
For the reassembly, follow the above operations
in the reverse order.
CAUTION
IF THE VEHICLE HAS RIDDEN ON DUSTY ROADS,
THE AIR FILTER MUST BE CLEANED MORE FRE-
QUENTLY THAN WHAT INDICATED IN THE SCHED-
ULED MAINTENANCE TABLE.
CAUTION
NEVER LET THE ENGINE RUN WITHOUT THE SEC-
ONDARY AIR FILTER.
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 12
Anti-evaporation system
ANTI-EVAPORATION SYSTEM
Specification Desc./Quantity
1. Carburettor
2. Fuel tank
3. Roll-over valve
4. Safety valve
5. Canister
6. Vacuum fuel tap
Removing system components
The components of the Canister system are sup-
ported by rubber belts with two metal supports
anchored to the chassis under the helmet com-
partment: The Canister and safety valve are on
the right side of the vehicle; the Roll-over valve is
on the left side.
To access the components, first remove the metal
supports and then unhook the rubber belts:
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 13
· Lift the saddle and remove the helmet compart-
ment
· To remove the Canister use the screws A, lift
the metal tab B and remove the Canister bleed
hose as shown in the photo. Move the bracket
with the Canister so that you can work, unhook
the plastic support belt, remove the metal bands
and then the related hoses.
· To remove the Roll-over valve use the two
screws C shown in the photo. Move the bracket
with the valve so that you can work, unhook the
plastic support belt, remove the metal bands and
then the related hoses.
· PTO remove the safety valve unhook the metal
bands and remove the related hoses.
Refitting system components
• Replace the components inserting the
piping properly and fastening them
with new metal strips.
• Be careful to the direction of installa-
tion of the components. The safety
valve and the Roll-over valve, if fitted
in the reverse direction, affect the op-
eration of the entire anti-evaporation
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 14
system.
Canister inspection
The Canister is fundamental for treating the hydrocarbons contained inside the volume of gas depart-
ing the fuel tank when the internal pressure rises (due to the heat induced by the radiator, engine or
ambient temperature).
The volume of air is limited by the operation of ventilation valve (Roll-over).
Even though the quantity of hydrocarbons coming from the tank is fairly small, active carbon should
be regenerated by a reversed flow of the ambient air sucked in by the engine, to prevent the satura-
tion of the canister.
This carbon pollution and regeneration phenomena occur during each cycle of utilization of the
vehicle.
The Canister needs to be removed to be inspec-
ted, keeping the 3 pipes connected.
• Shake the Canister and check that
there is no noise.
• Using a compressed air gun, blow al-
ternately into the 3 ducts and check
that no pressure builds up into the
Canister.
• Check that the air flow is always free
and that no carbon residues come out
of the piping.
Ìf abnormal noise, clogging or carbon losses are
noticed, replace the Canister.
Safety vaIve check
The Canister is cleaned by an air flow controlled by the vacuum inlet located on the intake manifold.
To guarantee the correct operation of the engine, the mass air flow must not be excessively large;
this is obtained by using a narrow section (0.9mm) for the inlet on the intake manifold.
The Canister tubing connections comprise the installation of a safety valve.
This is a unidirectional valve that ensures the air flow towards the manifold when the control vacuum
is over 200mbar.
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 15
The engine vacuum at idle causes a weak air flow that can be easily compensated for with the idle
adjustment parameters.
When the vehicle is stationary, the safety valve will be shut due to the lack of control vacuum; for this
reason, any expansion of the fuel tank will not pollute the intake manifold thus preventing engine
floods.
The valve should preferably be removed from the
vehicle upon inspection; alternatively, it will be
sufficient to access the tubing on the manifold
side.
· Connect the MÌTYVAC pump on the engine side
duct.
· Set the pump control onto "vacuum", then slowly
apply vacuum to check the valve opening
threshold.
Ìf different pressures are found, replace the valve.
N.B. Ìf the opening vacuum is too high, it causes
a lack of active carbon regeneration; on the other
hand, if it is too low, it increases the air flow rate
to the engine, thus causing a poor fuel-oxygen
mixture at idle.
Characteristic
Standard opening vacuum
200 ÷ 260 mbar
RoII-over vaIve check
The valve should allow the following results:
· Tank aeration when running (ambient air enters into the tank based on the volume of fuel used).
· Tank pressurization (the tank internal temperature may rise when running or while stopped. The
valve should pressurize the tank so to limit the amount of fuel vapors departing towards the Canis-
ter).
Prevent the liquid fuel pollution of the Canister (if the vehicle falls, the valve should interrupt the con-
nection to the Canister).
The valve must be removed from the vehicle
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 16
upon inspection.
A MÌTYVAC pump and a length of pipe are
needed for the inspection; proceed as follows:
· Attach the MÌTYVAC pump to the lower joint to
the safety valve (white).
· Set the pump control onto "vacuum" and, whilst
keeping the valve aligned with its verticaI axis,
check that air may be sucked in without observing
any movements on the manometer needle gauge.
· Set the pump onto "pressure" and, whilst keep-
ing the valve aligned with its verticaI axis, check
that the valve can be pressurized to values
slightly below 0.1bar (~60mbar).
N.B. The calibration pressure can be easily re-
cognized as, when reached, the valve will start to
discharge air thus emitting a weak noise.
· Align the valve with its horizontaI axis and
check that it can be pressurized to values much
higher than the calibration pressure (e.g. 0.5bar
without it necessarily being maintained).
Replace the valve if anomalies are found.
N.B. Any valve failure may cause the fuel tank to
deform or increase of the Canister operating re-
quirements.
LX 150 4T USA Maintenance
MAÌN - 17
Maintenance LX 150 4T USA
MAÌN - 18
INDEX OF TOPICS
TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBL
Engine
Poor performance
POOR PERFORMANCE
PossibIe Cause Operation
Air filter clogged or dirty Remove the sponge, wash with water and sham-
poo, then impregnate it in a 50% mixture of fuel
and specific oil (Selenia Air Filter Oil), then press
it without squeezing, let it drip and replace it
Carburettor jets or fuel cock clogged or dirty Remove, wash in solvent and dry with com-
pressed air
Vacuum fuel tap dirty or faulty Check the tap's filter; if necessary drain the fuel
and clean the tank. As a last resort, replace the
fuel tap
Automatic choke device (on carburettor) faulty Check the wiring and ensure the pin slides cor-
rectly; replace if necessary.
Drive belt excessively worn Check and replace if required.
Low compression: wear of linings, cylinder and
valve
Replace worn parts
Engine oil level exceeding the maximum Check the causes and restore the correct level
Excessive scaling in the explosion chamber Remove the scale from cylinder, piston, head and
valves
Wrong timing or worn timing components Restore the timing or replace worn parts
Clogged silencer Replace
Ìnefficient automatic transmission Check the pulley sliding and rollers, replace faulty
components, lubricate the mobile driven pulley
guide with grease Montblanc Molybdenum
Grease
Valve seat deformed Replace the head unit
Overheated valves Remove the head and the valves, grind or re-
place the valves
Defective float valve Check the proper sliding of the float and the valve
efficiency
Cylinder worn out / piston rings worn or broken Replace the cylinder-piston assembly or the pis-
ton rings only
Rear wheeI spins at idIe
REAR WHEEL TURNING WITH IDLE ENGINE
Troubleshooting LX 150 4T USA
TROUBL - 2
PossibIe Cause Operation
Ìdle rpm too high Adjust the engine idle speed and the CO, if re-
quired.
Clutch failure Check clutch springs / masses
Starting difficuIties
STARTING PROBLEMS
PossibIe Cause Operation
Battery is down Check the battery charge condition. Ìf the battery
shows signs of sulfation, replace it. Before in-
stalling the new battery, charge it for eight hours
with a current corresponding to 1/10 of the capa-
city of the battery
Faulty spark plug or incorrect ignition advance Replace the spark plug or check the ignition cir-
cuit components
Flooded engine Start up keeping the gas fully open. Ìf the engine
won't start, remove the spark plug, dry it and be-
fore replacing it, start the engine to eject the ex-
cess of fuel, keeping the cap connected to the
spark plug and the latter to earth. Ìf fuel has fin-
ished, refuel and start up
Ìncorrect valve seal or wrong valve adjustment Ìnspect the head and/or set the correct clearance
Starting rpm too low. Starter motor faulty. Check starting motor.
Wrong fuel specifications Drain the fuel and then refuel
Vacuum fuel tap faulty Check fuel outflows correctly from the outlet hose
when simulating a vacuum in the vacuum hose.
Automatic choke device (on carburettor) faulty Check the wiring and ensure the pin slides cor-
rectly; replace if necessary.
Safety switches faulty Using a tester check for continuity of resistance
with the switch engaged, replace if necessary
Carburettor jets clogged or dirty Remove, wash in solvent and dry with com-
pressed air
Air filter clogged or dirty Remove the sponge, wash with water and sham-
poo, then impregnate it in a 50% mixture of fuel
and specific oil (Selenia Air Filter Oil), then press
it without squeezing, let it drip and replace it
Excessive oiI consumption/Exhaust smoke
EXCESSIVE OIL CONSUMPTION / SMOKE UPON EXHAUST
LX 150 4T USA Troubleshooting
TROUBL - 3
PossibIe Cause Operation
Worn valve guides Check and replace the head unit if required
Worn valve oil guard Replace the valve oil guard
Oil leaks from the couplings or from the gaskets Check and replace the gaskets or restore the
coupling seal
Worn or broken piston rings, or mounted incor-
rectly
Replace the piston rings or the cylinder unit
Insufficient Iubrication pressure
POOR LUBRICATION PRESSURE
PossibIe Cause Operation
By-Pass remains open. Check the By-Pass and replace if required. Care-
fully clean the By-Pass area
Oil pump with excessive clearance Perform the dimensional checks on the oil pump
components
Oil filter too dirty Replace the cartridge filter
Oil level too low Restore the level using the recommended oil type
(Selenia HÌ Scooter 4 Tech)
Engine tends to cut-off at fuII throttIe
ENGINE TENDS TO CUT OUT AT FULL THROTTLE
PossibIe Cause Operation
Main jet obstructed Remove the carburettor, clean with solvent and
then dry with compressed air.
Presence of water or condensation in the carbur-
ettor float bowl
Remove the bowl, clean with solvent and then dry
with compressed air.
Low fuel level in float bowl Restore the level inside the float bowl by bending
the petrol inlet thrust plate, so to have, with the
carburettor upside-down, the float perfectly
flushed with the mating surface of the bowl.
Engine tends to cut-off at idIe
ENGINE TENDS TO CUT-OFF AT IDLE
PossibIe Cause Operation
Ìdle adjustment is incorrect Adjust with the rpm counter
Wrong timing Adjust the timing and check the timing compon-
ents
Starter remains pressed Check: electric connections, circuit continuity,
Troubleshooting LX 150 4T USA
TROUBL - 4
PossibIe Cause Operation
mechanical sliding, and presence of power; re-
place, if required
Faulty spark plug or incorrect ignition advance Replace the spark plug or check the ignition cir-
cuit components
Compression end pressure too low Check the seals of the thermal unit and replace
worn components
Ìdle nozzle dirty Wash with solvent and dry with compressed air
High fueI consumption
HIGH CONSUMPTION
PossibIe Cause Operation
Air filter clogged or dirty Clean
Ìnefficient starter Check: electric connections, circuit continuity,
mechanical sliding, and presence of power
Slackened nozzles Check the maximum and minimum nozzle locking
into their seat
Ìncorrect float level Restore the level in the basin by bending the fuel
inlet pin thrusting reed on the float so as to have
the float parallel to the basin plane with upturned
carburettor
Transmission and brakes
CIutch grabbing or performing inadequateIy
SLIPPAGE OR IRREGULAR PERFORMANCE
PossibIe Cause Operation
Slippage or irregular performance Ensure there is no grease on the rollers. Check
the contact surface of the clutch shoes is thicker
in the middle and equally distributed on all three
shoes. Check the clutch drum is not scored or ab-
normally worn. Never run the engine with the
clutch drum not installed.
Insufficient braking
INEFFICIENT OR NOISY BRAKING
PossibIe Cause Operation
Bake pads or shoes worn Replace the pads or shoes and check the status
of the brake disc or drum
LX 150 4T USA Troubleshooting
TROUBL - 5
PossibIe Cause Operation
Front brake disc loosen or deformed Check tightening torque of the disc fixing screws;
using a dial gauge and with the wheel on the
vehicle, measure the disc's axial deviation
Air bubbles in the braking hydraulic system Carefully bleed the hydraulic system (spring ac-
tion of the brake lever should not be felt)
Coolant leaking from the hydraulic brake circuit Flexible connections, piston or brake pump gas-
kets faulty. Replace
Excessive play on rear brake cable Adjust the play using the adjusting screw located
on the top of the crankcase
Brakes overheating
BRAKE OVERHEATING
PossibIe Cause Operation
Rubber gaskets expanded or sealed Replace the gaskets
Pump compensation holes clogged Clean carefully and blow with compressed air
Brake disc slackened or deformed Check the tightening of the brake disc screws;
measure the disc axial deviation using a compar-
ator and keeping the wheel mounted on the
vehicle
Defective piston sliding Check the caliper and replace any damaged parts
EIectricaI system
Battery
BATTERY
PossibIe Cause Operation
Battery This one component of the system needs check-
ing more frequently and servicing more carefully
than any other. Ìf the vehicle is to stand idle for
any length of time (one month or longer), the bat-
tery will need recharging periodically. The battery
discharges completely over a period of around 5 -
6 months. When fitting the battery to the vehicle,
take care not to switch the connections: the black
earth lead is connected to the negative terminal
and the red lead to the positive terminal marked
+. To charge the battery, follow the instructions
described in Chapter ELECTRÌCAL EQUÌP-
MENT.
Troubleshooting LX 150 4T USA
TROUBL - 6
Turn signaI Iights maIfunction
FLASHING LIGHTS NOT WORKING
PossibIe Cause Operation
Electronic ignition unit faulty With the key-switch set onto «ON», jumper con-
tacts 1 (Blue-Black) and 5 (Orange) located on
the main control unit connector.
Ìf the turn signal lights do not stay lit when switch
is operated, replace the ECU, otherwise check
wiring and switch.
Steering and suspensions
Heavy steering
HARDENING STEERING
PossibIe Cause Operation
Excessive steering wheel clearance Check the tightening of the top and bottom ring
nut. Ìf the anomaly continues during the steering
wheel rotation even after the adjustment, check
the bearing ball rolling seats. Ìf they are recessed
or if the balls are squashed, replace.
Excessive steering pIay
STEERING PLAY EXCESSIVE
PossibIe Cause Operation
Steering play excessive Check the tightening of the upper and lower rings.
Ìf steering rotation is still uneven, check the bear-
ing ball rolling races. Replace if the races appear
to be embedded or if the balls are flattened
Noisy suspension
NOISY SUSPENSION
PossibIe Cause Operation
Noisy suspension Ìf the front suspension is noisy, check the front
shock absorber, and the condition of the ball
bearings. Finally check the tightening torques for
wheel axle nut, and calliper and disc fixing
screws. Ìnspect the swing-arm connecting the en-
gine to the frame and the check the rear shock
absorber.
LX 150 4T USA Troubleshooting
TROUBL - 7
Suspension oiI Ieakage
OIL LEAKING FROM SUSPENSION
PossibIe Cause Operation
Oil leaking from suspension Replace the shock absorber
Troubleshooting LX 150 4T USA
TROUBL - 8
INDEX OF TOPICS
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ELE SYS
Legend
1. Rear brake stop button
2. High/low beam selector
3. Turn indicator selector
4. Horn button
5. Ìmmobilizer aerial
6. Electronic ignition
7. Relay
8. Horn
9. Turn indicator bulb
10. Front left indicator.
11. Voltage regulator
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 2
12. HV coil
13. Heater
14. Automatic choke
15. Pick-up
16. Magneto
17. Starter motor
18. Fuse holder with 2 15A fuses
19. 2 turn indicator bulbs
20. Rear left indicator
21. Rear parking and brake light bulb
22. Complete taillight
23. License plate light bulb
24. License plate light cover
25. 2 turn indicator bulbs
26. Rear right indicator with bulb
27. Fuel warning light transmitter
28. Starter motor contactor
29. Battery 12V-9°
30. Engine oil pressure sensor
31. Ìmmobilizer diagnostic instrument output
32. Front right indicator
33. Turn indicator bulb
34. Key switch
35. Start button
36. Front brake stop button
37. Fuse holder with 2 7.5 A fuses
38. Anti-theft and diagnostics LED
39. Complete headlight
40. Rear parking light bulb
41. Bulb for high/dipped beam light 12V - 355W / 60W
42. High beam indicator lamp
43. Engine oil pressure lamp
44. Right indicator lamp
45. Fuel warning lamp
46. Left indicator lamp
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 3
47. Ìnstrument lighting light bulb
48. Lights indicator lamp
49. Odometer with lamps and level indicator instrument
50. Space for acoustic lamp
Wire coIour coding
R = Red
B = White
BI = Blue
N = Black
V= Green
Rs = Pink
Mr = Brown
Gr = Grey
Az = Light blue
G = Yellow
Vi = Purple
A = Orange
ConceptuaI diagrams
Ignition
IGNITION
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 4
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Controller
2 Magneto flywheel
3 Pick - up
4 H.V. coil
5 Spark plug
6 Voltage regulator
HeadIights and automatic starter section
HEADLIGHTS AND AUTOMATIC STARTER SECTION
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Controller
2 Carburettor heater
3 Automatic starter
4 Key-switch
5 no. 2 main fuses 15A
6 Battery 12V-9Ah
7 Headlamp relay
8 Light switch
9 Low-beam light bulb 12V - 55W
10 High-beam light bulb 12V-55W
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 5
Specification Desc./Quantity
11 High beam indicator lamp 12V - 1.2W
12 Fuse
13 License plate bulb 12V - 5W
14 Lights indicator lamp 12V - 1.2W
15 No 2 bulbs for instrument panel lighting 12V - 1.2W
16 No 1 bulb for instrument panel lighting 12V - 2W
17 Taillight bulb 12V - 5W
18 N° 3 Lamps of front position 12V - 5W
Battery recharge and starting
BATTERY CHARGER AND STARTING
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Magneto flywheel
2 Voltage regulator
3 Pick - up
4 Main fusible 15A
5 Battery 12V-9Ah
6 Starter relay
7 Starter motor
8 Start up button
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 6
Specification Desc./Quantity
9 Front and rear brake light button
10 Brake light filament 12V-21W
11 Fuses 7,5 A
12 Key-switch
13 Controller
LeveI indicators and enabIe signaIs section
CONSENSES AND LEVEL INDICATORS
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Controller
2 Battery 12V-9Ah
3 Main fusible 15A
4 Key-switch
5 Engine oil pressure sensor
6 Engine oil pressure lamp 12V - 2W
7 Reserve fuel light 12V-1,2W
8 Fuel level gauge
9 Fuel level sender
10 Fuses 7,5 A
11 Ìmmobilizer aerial
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 7
Specification Desc./Quantity
12 Low engine oil pressure sensor
13 Ìmmobiliser LED
14 Front and rear brake light button
15 Filament for rear brake light 12V - 21W
Turn signaI Iights
TURN INDICATORS AND HORN
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Controller
2 Ìndicators switch
3 4 Turn indicator bulbs 12V-10W
4 Turn signal warning light bulbs 12V - 2W
5 Main fusible 15A
6 Battery 12V-9Ah
7 Horn
8 Fuses 7,5 A
9 Key-switch
10 Horn button
11 Space for turn indicator acoustic lamp
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 8
Instruments and warning Iights controI board
CONNECTOR 4 PIN
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Earth
2 Turn signal warning
3 RHS turn signal warning light
4 Not used
CONNECTOR 5 PIN
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Fuel level gauge
2 High-beam warning light 12V - 1,2W
3 Engine oil pressure lamp 12V - 2W
4 + Under-key
5 Low-fuel warning light
6 Dashboard illumination and headlamp warn-
ing light
CONNECTOR 2 PIN
Specification Desc./Quantity
1 Anti-theft and diagnostics LED
2 Anti-theft and diagnostics LED
Checks and inspections
ImmobiIiser
The electronic ignition system is powered by dir-
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 9
ect current and an anti-theft immobiliser device is
incorporated into the ecu. The ignition system
consists of:
- ECU
- immobilizer antenna
- master and slave keys with in-built transponder
- h.t. coil
- diagnostic LED
The diagnostic LED also offers a deterring func-
tion. This function is activated whenever the key-
switch is turned onto «OFF», in order to avoid
comprising the battery CHARGE; it remains act-
ive for 48 hours.
When the keyswitch is turned onto «ON» the de-
terring function is deactivated and is followed by a
single flash to confirm the «ON» position. the dur-
ation of the flash depends on the program in-
stalled on the ECU (see figure).
Ìn the event that the LED remains off with the
key-switch set onto «ON», it is then necessary to
carry out the following procedures:
- check potential difference at battery
- ensure 15A fuse is in working conditions.
Attach the immobiliser tester to the diagnostic
port (see ET4 125 manual) located behind the
front LHS fuse holder flap.
Ìf the serial LED stays off, proceed by inspecting
the electronic control unit as indicated below:
Detach the connector from the ECU and check
the following:
- Presence of battery potential difference between
terminal 4 (Red/Blue) and earth
- Presence of battery potential difference between
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 10
terminals 4 (Red/Blue) and 8 (black), as shown in
the figure.
- Presence of battery potential difference between
terminals 5 and 8 with the key-switch onto «ON».
Ìf no anomalies are found, replace the electronic
control unit.
Virgin circuit
When the ignition circuit is not coded, the engine
is limited to 2,000 rpm and an evident lack of
power may be noted when accelerating.
To encode the system it is necessary to use the
MASTER (brown) and SLAVE (blue) keys as in-
dicated below:
- Ìnsert the MASTER key, turn the key-switch
onto "ON" and leave it in this position for 2
seconds (limit values: 1 - 3 seconds).
- Alternately insert all available blue keys leaving
each key onto "ON" for 2 seconds.
- Finally reinsert the MASTER key and turn the
key-switch onto "ON" for 2 seconds.
The maximum allowable time available for switch-
ing from one blue key to the next is 10 seconds.
During a single encoding sequence a maximum
of 7 blue keys are allowed.
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 11
Ìt is strictly necessary to follow the exact se-
quence and timings.
Ìf necessary, repeat the whole procedure from the
beginning
Once the electronic control unit has been suc-
cessfully encoded, this is permanently
linked to the transponder located inside the MAS-
TER key.
With this link established, it is now possible to en-
code new SLAVE keys, in the event of losses, re-
placements, etc. Every encoding sequence su-
persedes the previous one.
Ìn the event that the SERVÌCE keys should be-
come un-coded, the high tension circuit must be
thoroughly inspected:
Shielded cap resistance: ~ 5000 D.
Ìn any case, it is recommended the use of spark
plugs as shown in the figure.
Diagnostic codes
Following the flash (0.7 seconds) which confirms
that the system is now onto «ON», a sequence of
coded flashes may be observed, signalling a
number of possible faults.
This occurs with LED off for 2 seconds, after
which diagnostic codes are transmitted with 0.5
second flashes. After the failure code signal, the
LED turns on with solid light to indicate that start
up is not possible; see the graph:
2 FLASH CODE
- Example electronic control unit programmed,
transponder absent and/or aerial malfunctioning.
Ignition disabIed - VehicIe immobiIised
3 FLASH CODE
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 12
- Example electronic control unit programmed,
aerial in working condition and transponder code
unknown.
Ignition disabIed - VehicIe immobiIised
Diagnostic code - 2 fIashes
When the 2-flash code is noted, proceed as follows:
-Check whether the anomaly persists using different keys (including the MASTER key). Ìf the prob-
lem is present with any key, detach the antenna connector from the electronic control unit and check
the antenna for electrical continuity using a multimetre. Replace the antenna if necessary.
Ìf no faults are found, replace the ECU.
CAUTION
BEFORE PERFORMING THE STORING PROCEDURE ON THE NEW CONTROL UNIT, CHECK THAT NO
MALFUNCTION CODE IS SIGNALLED. THIS PRECAUTION IS NEEDED TO AVOID WASTING A NEW CON-
TROL UNIT.
Specific tooIing
020331Y DigitaI muItimeter
EIectric characteristic
Resistive vaIue
~ 7 ÷ 9 Ohm
Diagnostic code - 3 fIashes
Ìf the 3-flash diagnostic code is displayed, check if the anomaly persists after inserting the MASTER
key into the ignition switch.
- Ìf the malfunction disappears when the MASTER key is used, proceed to code the service (blue)
keys again.
- Ìf the anomaly persists, then the MASTER key and the control unit are not matched. Ìn that case,
replace the control unit and proceed to code the keys.
The immobilizer system is in working order when, after turning the ignition switch to «ON», one
0.7-second flash is emitted (see chart).
Ìn that case, ignition is possible.
Example - Electronic control unit programmed,
transponder present, key programmed and aerial
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 13
in working order. Ignition enabIed (normaI oper-
ating conditions)
Ignition circuit
Every operation involving the detachment of wires (i.e. ignition system and wiring checks) must be
performed when the engine is not running: the ECU may otherwise become damaged beyond re-
pair.
The main power supply is provided by the battery; the system is adjusted so that any battery voltage
loss is immediately picked up by the starter system and is therefore almost irrelevant to the ignition
system.
The Pick-Up is connected to the ECU via a single wire; the latter is therefore connected to the pick-
up through the frame and the earth wire from the engine.
Ìn order to avoid problems with the ignition system during the start-up phase, it is extremely important
that the frame-engine earth connections are in good conditions.
No spark pIug
When noticing no spark plug proceded as follows:
- Pick-Up inspection.
Detach the ECU connector and check for continu-
ity between terminals 2 (Green) and 8 (Black).
The inspection must include the pick-up and it's
power cable.
Ìf an open circuit is found, repeat the inspection
between the flywheel connector and earth. Ìf un-
acceptable values are found, proceed by repla-
cing the pick-up, otherwise repair the cable.
EIectric characteristic
Resistance vaIue pick-up
Resistance value pick-up: 105 ÷ 124 ohm
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 14
- H.T. coiI primary circuit inspection
Detach the connector from the ECU and check for
continuity between terminals 3 (purple) and 8
(black) (see figure).
Ìf unacceptable values are found, repeat the in-
spection directly from the positive and negative
terminals of the H.T. coil primary circuit.
Ìf the values are within the prescribed limit, pro-
ceed by repairing the wiring or reattaching all wir-
ings, otherwise replace the H.T. coil.
EIectric characteristic
Resistance vaIue H.V. coiI primary check
Resistance value H.V. coil primary check: 0,4 ÷
0,5 ohm
- H.T. coiI secondary circuit inspection
Detach the spark plug cap from the H.T. cable and measure the resistance between the H.T. cable
terminals and the negative wire of H.T. coil (see figure).
Ìf unacceptable values are found, replace the H.T. coil. For a more thorough analysis, it is possible to
proceed by checking the peak tension using the adapter for the multimetre.
Specific tooIing
020409Y MuItimeter adapter (Peak voItage measurement)
EIectric characteristic
Resistance vaIue H.V. coiI secondary check
Resistance value H.V. coil secondary check: ~ 3000 ± 300 ohm
- Pick-Up
Detach the ECU connector and connect the posit-
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 15
ive terminal to connector no. 2 and the negative
terminal to connector no. 8 (see figure).
Crank the engine using the starter motor and
check the tension produced by the pick-up.
Ìf unacceptable values are found, replace the
Pick-Up.
N.B.
THE MULTIMETER MUST BE SET TO MEASURE
DIRECT VOLTAGE.
EIectric characteristic
VoItage vaIue pick-up
Voltage value pick-up: > 2 Volt
- H.T. coiI
With ECU and H.T. coil connected to the circuit,
measure the coil primary circuit tension during the
start-up test, using the peak tension adapter and
earthing the positive terminal and connecting the
positive terminal to the coil.
Ìf unacceptable values are found, replace the
ECU.
CAUTION
THE NEGATIVE TERMINAL OF THE PRIMARY COIL
CIRCUIT IS BLACK.
EIectric characteristic
VoItage vaIue H.V. coiI
Voltage value H.V. coil: > 100 Volt
Battery recharge circuit
The charging circuit consists of tri-phase generator and a flywheel magneto.
The generator is connected to the voltage regulator.
This is then connected to the positive pole of the battery (via the 15A fuse) and earth.
This system does not therefore feature any connection to the key-switch.
The tri-phase generator allows for remarkable recharging power and allows to reach a good com-
promise between output power and stability at idle.
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 16
For this reason is necessary that the idle is adjusted as prescribed.
Specific tooIing
020333Y SingIe battery charger
020334Y MuItipIe battery charger
Stator check
Disconnect the connector from the voltage regu-
lator and check the presence of continuity
between each yellow wire with the other two.
EIectric characteristic
Stator check 1
Ohm value: 0,7 ÷ 0,9 Ohm
Also check that each yellow wire is insulated from
earth.
Ìf non-conforming values are detected, repeat the
checks directly on the stator; in case of further
wrong values, replace the stator or fix the wiring.
VoItage reguIator check
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 17
With battery fully charged and lights off, measure
the voltage at the battery poles with engine at
high speed.
Voltage should not exceed 15.2 Volt.
Ìn case of higher voltage, replace the regulator.
Ìf voltage is less than 14 Volt, check the stator
and its wiring.
Recharge system voItage check
Connect the induction collet of an amperometer to
the positive cable of the voltage regulator, meas-
ure the battery voltage and turn off the lights of
the vehicle with engine off, then wait until voltage
settles at about 12 Volt. Start the engine and
measure the current delivered by the system with
lights on and engine at high speed.
Ìf the delivered current value is less than 8A, re-
peat the test using a new regulator and/or stator.
Choke Inspection
For the resistive and functional inspection of the
component see the engine section. To check the
power supply, leave the connector attached to the
circuit and check there is battery tension between
the two terminals with engine running (see figure).
Ìf no tension is measured at all, connect the neg-
ative terminal of the multimetre to earth, and the
positive terminal to the orange wire from the auto-
matic choke device; with the key-switch onto
«ON» check for battery potential; if this is not
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 18
found, check wiring and key-switch.
Ìf battery potential is found, repeat the inspection
from the connector to the ECU.
After detaching the choke device, start the engine
and, while at idle, check for tension connecting
the positive terminal of the multimetre to terminal
5 (Orange) and the negative to terminal 7
(White/Black) (see figure).
Ìf no tension is found, replace the ECU; otherwise
check the wiring between the choke device and
the ECU.
Turn signaIs system check
- Ìf the turn signal lights are faulty, proceed as fol-
lows:
- Detach the ECU connector and check for battery
tension between terminal 5 (Orange) and earth,
with the key-switch onto «ON».
- Check the same is present between terminals 5
(Orange) and 8 (Black).
Ìf no tension is measured, check the wiring, other-
wise proceed as follows:
- Jumper terminals 1 (Black/Blue) and 5 (Orange),
see figure, and alternately operate the turn signal
switch towards left and right wit the key-switch
onto «ON» and check the bulbs go off.
Ìf this happens, replace the ECU, as faulty.
Ìf this does not happen, check the wiring between
the ECU and the turn signal switch, hence repeat
the test.
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 19
SeaIed battery
Ìf the vehicle is provided with an airtight battery, the only maintenance required is the check of its
charge and recharging, if needed.
These operations should be carried out before delivering the vehicle, and on a six-month basis for
storage with open circuit.
Besides upon pre-delivery it is therefore necessary to check the battery charge and recharge it, if re-
quired, before storing the vehicle and afterwards every six months.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE RENEWAL RECHARGE AFTER OPEN-CIRCUIT STORAGE
1) Voltage check Before installing the battery on the vehicle, perform an open-circuit voltage check
using a conventional tester.
- Ìf voltage exceeds 12.60 V, the battery may be installed without any renewal recharge.
- Ìf voltage is below 12.60 V, a renewal recharge is required as explained at 2).
2) Constant-voItage battery instructions
- Constant voltage charge equal to 14.40 - 14.70V
- Ìnitial charge current equal to 0.3 - 0.5 x rated capacity
- Charge time:
Recommended 10 - 12 h
Minimum 6 h
Maximum 24 h
3) Constant-current battery instructions
- Charge current equal to 1/10 of the battery rated capacity
- Charge time: 5 h
Dry-charge battery
WARNING
BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS POISONOUS AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS BURNS AS IT CON-
TAINS SULPHURIC ACID. AVOID CONTACT WITH THE EYES, THE SKIN AND GARMENTS. IN
CASE OF CONTACT WITH THE EYES OR SKIN RINSE ABUNDANTLY WITH WATER FOR
ABOUT 15 MINUTES AND SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ASSISTANCE.
IF THE LIQUID IS INGESTED IMMEDIATELY DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER OR MILK.
SUBSEQUENTLY DRINK MILK OF MAGNESIA, BEATEN EGG OR VEGETABLE OIL. CALL A
DOCTOR WITHOUT DELAY.
BATTERIES PRODUCE EXPLOSIVE GASES. KEEP AWAY OPEN FLAMES, SPARKS AND CI-
GARETTES. WHEN A BATTERY IS CHARGED IN CLOSED PLACES ENSURE ADEQUATE
VENTILATION.
ALWAYS PROTECT THE EYES WHEN WORKING IN THE PROXIMITY OF BATTERIES. POSI-
TION THE TUBE BETWEEN THE MUDGUARD AND THE FILTER.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 20
Ìnstalling dry batteries:
1) - Remove the cap from the bleeder and then
carefully pour sulphuric acid into each element.
Note: the acid must have a density 1,260 kg·m•3,
equivalent to 30° B€ at a minimum temperature of
15°C until the upper level is reached.
2) - Let the battery rest at least 2 hours, and then
restore the level by pouring additional sulphuric
acid as required.
3) - Recharge the battery within 24 hours using
the recommended battery charger (single) or
(multiple) at an intensity of about 1/10 of the bat-
tery's nominal capacity and until the acid density
is about 1,270 kg·m•3, corresponding to 31° B€
and such values become steady.
4) - After charging, level the acid (adding distiIIed
water). Close and clean carefully.
5) - After performing the above operations, install
the battery on the vehicle following the steps
«described in Battery recharge» section of this
manual.
1 Maintain the tube vertical
2 Check the electrolyte level
3 The floater must be free
WARNING
AFTER INSTALLING THE BATTERY AND IN ORDER
TO PROVIDE A VENT FOR THE GASES FORMING
INSIDE IT, REPLACE THE SHORT CLOSED TUBE
NEXT TO THE POSITIVE (+) TERMINAL WITH THE
CORRESPONDING LONG OPEN TUBE WHICH IS
PRESENT ON THE VEHICLE. CHECK THAT THE
TUBE SLOTS ARE TURNED TO THE BATTERY
SIDE
Specific tooIing
020333Y SingIe battery charger
020334Y MuItipIe battery charger
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 21
Battery maintenance
This is the component which requires the most diligent maintenance and frequent inspection. The
main maintenance rules are:
1) Checking the eIectroIyte IeveI
The electrolyte level must be checked frequently and must reach the upper mark. Ìf the level is too
low, it can be restored only by using distilled water. Ìf water toppings are required too often, check the
vehicle electrical system as this inconvenient is usually a symptom that the battery is working over-
charged and is subject to quick wear.
2) Checking the battery charge IeveI
After restoring the electrolyte level, check its density by using the density gauge. When the battery is
charged, density should be equal to 30-32 B€, corresponding to a specific weight of 12.4-12.6
kN·m•3 at a minimum temperature of 15° C. Ìf density is below 20 B€, the battery is fully discharged
and it is therefore necessary to recharge it.
Ìf the vehicle is not used for a certain period (1 month or more), the battery must be periodically re-
charged.
Within a period of inactivity of approximately tree months, at standard atmospheric conditions, the
battery should be completely discharged. When reinstalling the battery on the vehicle, pay attention
not to invert the connections, considering that the ground wire (black and marked with a (-) sign)
must be connected to the negative terminal, whereas the two red wires, marked as (+), must be con-
nected to the positive terminal.
3) Recharging the battery
Remove the battery from the vehicle detaching the negative wire first. The battery must be charged
using the special battery charger (single or multiple), selecting the relevant battery type on the instru-
ment. Connect the positive cable to the positive pole and the negative cable to the negative pole.
4) CIeaning the battery
Keep the battery always clean, especially the top; coat the terminals with Vaseline.
WARNING
BEFORE CHARGING THE BATTERY, REMOVE THE CAP FROM EACH CELL. KEEP FLAMES AND
SPARKS AWAY FROM THE BATTERY WHEN CHARGING.
CAUTION
NEVER USE FUSES HAVING A CAPACITY GREATER THAN THE RECOMMENDED VALUE. THE USE OF
A FUSE OF UNSUITABLE CAPACITY MAY RESULT IN SERIOUS DAMAGES TO THE WHOLE VEHICLE
OR EVEN CULMINATE IN A FIRE.
CAUTION
DRINKING WATER CONTAINS MINERAL SALTS THAT CAN BE EXTREMELY HARMFUL TO THE BAT-
TERY: ONLY USE DISTILLED WATER.
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 22
CAUTION
TO ENSURE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED BEFORE USING THE
VEHICLE.
INSUFFICIENT BATTERY CHARGE OR LOW ELECTROLYTE LEVEL WHEN FIRST USED WILL
RESULT IN PREMATURE FAILURE OF THE BATTERY.
Specific tooIing
020333Y SingIe battery charger
020334Y MuItipIe battery charger
LX 150 4T USA Electrical system
ELE SYS - 23
Electrical system LX 150 4T USA
ELE SYS - 24
INDEX OF TOPICS
ENGINE FROM VEHICLE ENG VE
Exhaust assy. RemovaI
- Remove the two nuts securing the manifold to
the head
- Unscrew the two screws securing the silencer to
the crankcase then remove the complete muffler
paying attention to the interference between its
support bracket and the cooling casing.
RemovaI of the engine from the vehicIe
Removing the engine from the frame
- Remove the left and right panels
- Remove the helmet compartment
- Remove the entire muffler
- Remove the 3 rear brake transmission set
screws shown in the photo
- Disconnect the rear brake transmission by un-
screwing the register screw
- Disconnect the belt cooling hose and the spring
supporting the cocker arm indicated in the photo
- Disconnect the spark plug terminal
Engine from vehicle LX 150 4T USA
ENG VE - 2
- Remove the gas control cable from the carburet-
tor as shown in the photo
- Remove the fuel intake tube from the carburettor
Remove the fuel tap and canister safety valve va-
cuum hoses from the manifold as shown in the
figure
- Remove the magneto cable connector, the earth
cable and started motor positive cable as shown
in the figure
LX 150 4T USA Engine from vehicle
ENG VE - 3
- Remove the protection sheathing as shown in
the figure and disconnect the automatic starter
and carburettor heater connections
- Unscrew the engine - rocker arm pin nut from
the right side of the vehicle and remove the pin
from the left side
- Support the vehicle in an adequate manner (e.g.
with the jack) then remove the lower shock ab-
sorber mounting. Now the engine is released.
Engine from vehicle LX 150 4T USA
ENG VE - 4
INDEX OF TOPICS
ENGINE ENG
This section describes the operations to be carried out on the engine and the tools required
Automatic transmission
Transmission cover
- To remove the transmission cover it is neces-
sary to remove the plastic cover first, by inserting
a screwdriver in the slotted holes. Using the
clutch drum lock wrench shown in the figure, re-
move the driven pulley axle locking nut and wash-
er.
- Remove the engine oil dipstick.
- Remove the 10 fixing screws and the ground
cable.
- Remove the transmission cover. Ìf this operation
is carried out directly onto the vehicle, it is neces-
sary to remove the cooling air manifold and the
air-box fasteners.
Specific tooIing
020423Y driven puIIey stop key
Kickstart
- Check for any wear on the tooth sector, the
tooth sector shaft, the bushing in the cover, pinion
shaft, its seat in the crankcase and the spring.
- Replace the damaged parts.
- Grease the spring with recommended grease.
- Reassemble the tooth sector loading the spring
with the specific tool.
- Reassemble the washer, circlip ring and kick-
start lever.
Specific tooIing
020432Y Starting spring assembIy tooI
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 2
Recommended products
JOTA 3 FS Speedometer transmission
Lithium soap grease NLGÌ 33
- Using the start lever load the spring and put the
pinion in its seat.
- Reassemble the suction opening with the 3
screws and Kickstart cover with the 4 screws. -
Tighten the screws to the prescribed torque.
Remove the starter pinion by pressing the start
lever.
- Unscrew the kickstart screw and remove the
lever.
- Remove the circlip and the washer indicated in
the figure.
- Remove the tooth sector.
WARNING
THE SECTOR KEEPS THE SPRING LOADED, BE
CAREFUL TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS
Air duct
- Loosen the Torx screws fixing the air duct panel.
- Remove the 3 screws, hence remove the con-
veyor and the filter.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 3
Removing the driven puIIey shaft bearing
- Remove the circlip from the inside of the cover.
- Use the Bearing Extractor with the appropriate
adapter to remove the bearing from the crank-
case.
CAUTION
USE AN APPROPRIATE REST SURFACE TO AVOID
DAMAGING THE COVER PAINT.
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
Refitting the driven puIIey shaft bearing
- Heat up the internal side of the crankcase using
a heat gun.
- Ìnsert the bearing in its housing and refit the split
ring.
N.B.
ALWAYS REPLACE THE BEARING WITH A NEW
ONE UPON REASSEMBLY.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 4
Specific tooIing
020151Y Air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
020376Y HandIe for punches
020357Y 32 x 35 mm adaptor
020412Y 15 mm guide
Removing the driven puIIey
Remove the spacer, the clutch bell and the entire
driven pulley assembly.
N.B.
THE ASSEMBLY MAY ALSO BE REMOVED WITH
THE DRIVING PULLEY ON.
Inspecting the cIutch drum
- Check that the clutch bell is not worn or dam-
aged.
- Measure the clutch bell inside diameter.
Characteristic
Max vaIue cIutch beII
Max value: Ø 134.5 mm
Standard vaIue cIutch beII
Standard value: Ø 134.2 mm
Checking the beII working surface eccentricity
- Ìnstall the bell on a driven pulley shaft using 2
bearings (inside diameter 15 and 17 mm).
- Lock using the original spacer and nut.
- Place the bell/shaft assembly on the support to
check the driving shaft alignment.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 5
- Using a feeler pin comparator and the magnetic
base, measure the bell eccentricity.
- Repeat the measure in 3 positions (Central, in-
ternal, external).
- Ìn case of anomalies, replace the bell.
Specific tooIing
020074Y Crankshaft aIigning tooI
020335Y Magnetic stand and comparator
Removing the cIutch
Ìnstall medium-side pins onto the driven pulley re-
taining tool by positioning them in position «C».
- Ìnsert the driven pulley assembly in the special
tool so that the pins engage into the clutch shoes
support holes, hence force the resting screw to its
position.
- Using the special spanner, on the 46mm side,
remove the central clutch lock-nut.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 6
- Dismantle the driven pulley components (clutch with fan and return spring with its plastic holder)
CAUTION
THE TOOL MUST BE FIXED IN A VICE AND THE CENTRAL SCREW MUST NOT BE TIGHTEN EXCESS-
IVELY, AS THIS MAY DAMAGE THE PULLEY OR THE SPECIAL TOOL.
Specific tooIing
020444Y Driven haIf puIIey spring compressor tooI
020444Y009 wrench 46 x 55
Inspecting the cIutch
- Check the thickness of the clutch mass friction
material.
- The masses must exhibit no traces of lubricants;
in that case, check the driven pulley unit seals.
N.B.
UPON RUNNING-IN, THE MASSES MUST EX-
HIBIT A CENTRAL CONTACT SURFACE AND
MUST NOT BE DIFFERENT FROM ONE AN-
OTHER.
DIFFERENT CONDITIONS MAY CAUSE THE
CLUTCH TEARING.
CAUTION
DO NOT OPEN THE MASSES USING TOOLS TO
PREVENT A VARIATION IN THE RETURN SPRING
LOAD.
Characteristic
Check . Minimum thickness
1 mm
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 7
Pin retaining coIIar
- Remove the collar with the aid of two screw-
drivers.
- Remove the three guide pins and the movable
half pulley.
Removing the driven haIf-puIIey bearing
- Remove the retaining ring using two screw-
drivers and a flat blade.
- Using a hammer and a puncher, remove the ball
bearing as shown in the figure.
- Remove the roller bearing using the extractor.
N.B.
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE THREADED
BUSHING ON THE DRIVEN PULLEY, REST THE
PULLEY ONTO A WOODEN SURFACE.
Specific tooIing
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
020376Y HandIe for punches
020439Y 17 mm guide
Inspecting the driven fixed haIf-puIIey
- Measure the external diameter of the pulley's
central bush.
Characteristic
Minimum admissibIe diameter
Ø 40.96 mm
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 8
Standard diameter
Ø 40.965 mm
Inspecting the driven sIiding haIf-puIIey
- Remove the two internal cirlips and the two o-
rings.
- Measure the internal diameter of the pulley's
central sleeve.
Characteristic
Minimum admissibIe diameter
Ø 41.08 mm
Standard diameter
Ø 41.035 mm
Refitting the driven haIf-puIIey bearing
- Fit the new roller cage using the special punch-
er; insert the bearing with the markings facing
outwards and push it as far as it will go.
N.B.
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE THREADED
BUSHING ON THE DRIVEN PULLEY, REST THE
PULLEY ONTO A WOODEN SURFACE.
Specific tooIing
020424Y Driven puIIey roIIer casing drift
- When fitting a new ball bearing push it in as far
as it will go using the special puncher provided,
hence fit the split ring.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 9
Specific tooIing
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
020376Y HandIe for punches
020439Y 17 mm guide
Refitting the driven puIIey
- Ensure the contact surfaces of the 2 half-pulleys
are not worn, scored or greasy.
- Ìnsert new oil seals and O-rings on the moving
half-pulley.
- Fit the half-pulley onto the bushing using the
protective sheath.
- Before refitting, check the pins and collar are not
worn
- Using a curved-spout grease dispenser, lubric-
ate the driven pulley assembly with approximately
7 g of TUTELA MRM2 grease. Apply the grease
to one of the holes in the bushing until it comes
out through the hole on the opposite side. This
operation is necessary to avoid the presence of
grease beyond the O-rings.
Specific tooIing
020263Y Protective sheath
Recommended products
TUTELA MRM 2 Grease for the phonic wheeI
turning ring
Molybdenum disulphide grease and lithium soap
Inspecting the cIutch spring
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 10
- Measure the length of the spring, while it is re-
laxed.
Characteristic
Standard Iength
106 mm
Refitting the cIutch
- Measure the thickness of the friction material on
the clutch weights.
- The clutch weights should bear no traces of lub-
ricants. Ìf they do, check the driven pulley as-
sembly.
N.B.
DURING THE RUNNING-IN PERIOD, THE CLUTCH
WEIGHTS MUST HAVE A CENTRAL CONTACT
SURFACE AND MUST NOT DIFFER FROM ONE AN-
OTHER, OTHERWISE THE CLUTCH MAY GRAP.
CAUTION
DO NOT USE ANY TOOLS TO OPEN THE WEIGHTS
AS THIS MAY CHANGE THE LOAD OF THE RE-
TURN SPRINGS.
Characteristic
Minimum aIIowabIe thickness:
1 mm
- Support the driven pulley spring compressor
specific tool with the control screw in vertical axis.
- Arrange the tool with the medium length pins
screwed in position «C» on the inside.
- Ìntroduce the adapter ring n° 11 with the cham-
fering facing upwards.
- Ìnsert the clutch on the adapter ring.
- Lubricate the end of the spring that abuts
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 11
against the servo-system closing collar.
- Ìnsert the spring with relevant plastic support in
contact with the clutch.
- Ìnsert the driving belt into the pulley unit accord-
ing to their direction of rotation.
- Ìnsert the pulley unit with the belt into the tool.
- Slightly pre-load the spring.
- Make sure that the clutch is perfectly inserted in-
to the adapter ring before proceeding to tighten
the clutch nut.
- Place the tool into the vice with the control
screw in horizontal axis.
- Fully pre-load the spring.
- Apply the clutch fixing nut and tighten it at the
prescribed torque using the specific wrench
46x55.
- Loosen the tool clamp and insert the belt ac-
cording to its direction of rotation.
- Lock the driven pulley again using the specific
tool.
- Pre-load the clutch contrast spring by turning
and pulling at the same time and place the belt in
the minimum rolling diameter position.
- Remove the driven pulley /belt assembly from
the tool.
N.B.
DURING THE SPRING PRE-LOADING STEP, BE
CAREFUL NOT TO DAMAGE THE SPRING PLASTIC
ABUTMENT AND THE BUSHING THREADING.
N.B.
FOR DESIGN REASONS, THE NUT IS SLIGHTLY
ASYMMETRIC; THE SURFACE SHOULD BE MOUN-
TED IN CONTACT WITH THE CLUTCH.
Specific tooIing
020444Y Driven haIf puIIey spring compressor
tooI
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 12
020444Y011 Adapter ring
020444Y009 wrench 46 x 55
Locking torques (N*m)
Nut Iocking cIutch assembIy on puIIey 55 ÷ 60
Nm
Refitting the driven puIIey
- Re-fit the clutch drum and the spacer.
Drive-beIt
During the wear check to be performed according
to the scheduled maintenance in the 6,000 Km in-
spection, in the 18,000 Km inspection, etc., it is
advisable to check that the tooth groove bottom is
free from deformations and cracks (see figure). Ìn
case of cracks, the belt must be replaced. «A»:
The tooth groove bottom must be free from de-
formations and cracks; if not, replace the belt.
- Check that the driving belt is not damaged.
- Check the belt width.
BELT DIMENSIONS
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 13
Specification Desc./Quantity
Minimum width 21.5 mm
Standard width 22.5 ± 0.2 mm
Removing the driving puIIey
- Loosen the drive pulley retaining nut, whilst
holding the drive pulley fast with the appropriate
special tool shown in the diagram.
- Remove the drive pulley nut, the dished washer,
the starter motor ratchet plate and the two wash-
ers.
- Remove the fixed half-pulley and the steel
washer.
Specific tooIing
020368Y driving puIIey stop wrench
- Remove the belt and extract the mobile half-
pulley with the relevant bushing, being careful to
the exit of the rollers freely mounted onto it.
- Remove the roller contrast plate with the relev-
ant guide sliding blocks.
Inspecting the roIIers case
- Ensure the internal bearing is not abnormally worn and measure the internal diameter.
N.B.
DO NOT CLEAN OR LUBRICATE THE BRONZE BUSH.
ROLLER CAGE BEARING
Specification Desc./Quantity
Maximum allowable diameter Ø 26,121 mm
Standard diameter Ø 26+0 +0,021mm
PULLEY SLIDING BUSHING
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 14
Specification Desc./Quantity
Minimum admissible diameter Ø 25,950 mm
Standard diameter Ø 26-0,020 -0,041mm
VARIATOR ROLLER
Specification Desc./Quantity
Minimum admissible diameter Ø 18.5 mm
Standard diameter Ø 26±0,1 mm
- Check the guide shoes for the variator back-
plate are not worn.
- Check there is no wear on the roller ramps, in-
side the roller housing, and the pulley surfaces in
contact with the drive belt, front and back.
Refitting the driving puIIey
- Re-fit the fat innermost spacer, the fixed pulley-
half, the outer spacer, the starter motor ratchet
plate, the washer and the nut. Apply recommen-
ded product and tighten the nut to the specified
tightening torque.
- Hold the drive pulley fast with the Compass
Spanner, whilst tightening the nut on the end of
the crankshaft.
N.B.
REPLACE THE NUT WITH A NEW ONE EVERY
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 15
TIME THE PARTS ARE REASSEMBLED
Specific tooIing
020368Y driving puIIey stop wrench
Recommended products
Loctite 243 Thread-Brake
Medium Loctite Thread-Brake 243
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 75 ÷ 83
Refitting the transmission cover
- Check the presence of the 2 centring dowels
and the correct installation of the sealing gasket
for the oil sump on the transmission cover.
- Replace the cover tightening the 10 screws at
the prescribed torque.
- Replace the oil loading cap/bar.
- Replace the steel washer and the driven pulley
nut.
- Tighten the nut at the prescribed torque using
the lock wrench and the dynamometric wrench
tools.
- Replace the plastic cover.
Specific tooIing
020423Y driven puIIey stop key
Locking torques (N*m)
Cover screws 11 ÷ 13 Driven puIIey axis (°) 54
÷ 60
End gear
Removing the hub cover
- Drain the rear hub oil through the draining hole
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 16
located in the lower part of the hub cover.
- Refit the brake shoes and their springs.
- Remove the 7 fixing screws shown in the figure.
- Remove the rubber cap and the rear brake shoe
drive lever by loosening the fixing screw to reach
the rear fastener.
- Remove the hub cover and all gaskets.
Removing the wheeI axIe
Remove the wheel axle and the intermediate gear
from the hub casing.
Removing the hub bearings
- Ìnspect the bearings and replace any demon-
strating abnormal wear, play or noisiness, follow-
ing the steps below.
- Use the bearing extractor, available as a special
tool, to remove the three gearbox bearings; two in
the crankcase and one in the gearbox cover.
Specific tooIing
001467Y009 BeII for bearings externaI Ø 50
mm
001467Y013 15-mm pIiers
Removing the wheeI axIe bearings
- Take out the circlip on the outside of the gear-
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 17
box cover.
- Remove the bearing using the appropriate spe-
cial tool, taking care to provide a suitable means
of support for the gearbox cover, as shown in the
diagram.
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020364Y 25 mm guide
Means of the tools remove to the detent oil like in
the figure.
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020359Y 42 x 47 mm hub bearing fitting ad-
aptor
Removing the driven puIIey shaft bearing
- Ìn order to remove the driven pulley shaft, together with its bearing and oil seal, first remove the
transmission cover and the clutch assembly as previously described.
- Extract the driven pulley shaft from its bearing.
- Remove the oil seal, working from the inside of the bearing.
- Remove the circlip, as shown in the diagram.
Remove the driven pulley shaft bearing using the
appropriate special tool.
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020375Y Adapter 28 x 30 mm
020363Y 20mm guide
See aIso
Removing the driven pulley
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 18
Inspecting the hub shaft
- Check that the three shafts exhibit no wear or
deformation on the toothed surfaces, at the bear-
ing connections and at the oil guards.
- Ìn case of anomalies, replace the damaged
components.
Inspecting the hub cover
- Check that there are no signs of blemishes or deformation on the mating surfaces.
- Check there is adequate free-play in the bearings and the brake acuating Pin.
- Ìf any of the above anomalies are observed, replace the gearbox cover with a new one.
Refitting the driven puIIey shaft bearing
- Heat the bearing housing with a heat gun
Specific tooIing
020150Y Support for air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
020151Y Air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
- Fit the driven pulley shaft bearing, with the bearings visible from the inside of the gearbox cover, us-
ing the appropriate special tool.
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
- Re-fit the circlip with the opening facing away
from the bearing and fit a new oil seal flush with
the crankcase surface.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 19
Refitting the wheeI axIe bearing
- Heat the bearing housing with the heat gun.
Specific tooIing
020151Y Air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
020150Y Support for air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
- Fit the wheel axle bearing into the gearbox cover using the appropriate special tool.
Specific tooIing
020364Y 25 mm guide
020360Y 52 x 55 mm adaptor
020376Y HandIe for punches
- Fit the circlip.
- Fit the oil seal using the appropriate special tool,
with the sealing lip towards the inside of the gear-
box cover.
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020360Y 52 x 55 mm adaptor
Refitting the hub cover bearings
- Heat the bearing housings with a heat gun, available as a special tool.
Specific tooIing
020150Y Support for air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
020151Y Air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
- Fit the three 15 mm bearings using the appropri-
ate special tool.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 20
Refitting the hub bearings
- Ìnsert the cover on the crankcase minding the
insertion of the pulley shaft gearing onto the inter-
mediate gear.
Refitting the ub cover
- Fit a new seal together with the centring grub
screws.
- Fit the cover making sure to check the correct
positioning of the bleed hose.
- Tighten the 7 screws to the prescribed torque,
positioning the hose support plate in the position
indicated in the figure.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 24 ÷ 27
FIywheeI cover
CooIing hood
- Remove the four screw fasteners shown in the
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 21
diagram and remove the fan cover.
CAUTION
DURING THE REMOVAL PULL THE CONNECTOR
OUT OF THE HOUSING IN THE COVER.
- Loosen the clamp and remove the carburettor
from the manifold.
- Remove the manifold assembly after loosening
the two fastenings shown in the figure.
- Remove the two self-tapping screws, left and
right, and the side screw fixing the hoods to the
crankcase base.
- Remove the two hoods.
- Remove the gasket ensuring the seal of the
hoods on the cylinder head.
N.B.
IF THE FLYWHEEL COVER HAS NOT YET BEEN
REMOVED, IT IS ALSO NECESSARY TO REMOVE
THE TWO KNOB SCREWS ON THE COVER.
Ìf loss of power is noticed at full throttle, on vehicles equipped with these engines, it is suggested to
ream the vacuum port hole located on the intake manifold so to bring its diameter from 0.4 to 1.5 mm.
Ìt must be stressed that this operation must be carried out with the manifold detached from the
vehicle and then carefully cleaning all components.
CooIing fan
- Re-fit the parts in the reverse order to which
they were removed.
- Make sure both spacers are in place, behind the
cylinder cooling hood, on the two screw fasteners,
with the longer spacer at the top.
CAUTION
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 22
TAKE CARE TO CORRECTLY POSITION THE FLY-
WHEEL CONNECTOR.
- Remove the three fastenings shown in the fig-
ure.
Removing the stator
- Remove the oil minimum pressure switch elec-
tric terminal.
- Remove the 2 Pick-Up screws and the screw of
the wiring fixing bracket, along with the 2 stator
fixing screws shown in the figure.
- Remove the stator and its wires.
Refitting the stator
- Re-fit the stator and the flywheel components in
the reverse order to which they were removed,
tightening the screw fasteners to the specified
tightening torque.
- Make sure the cable is in the position shown in
the diagram.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 23
N.B.
THE PICK-UP CABLE MUST BE PLACED BETWEEN
THE TOP SCREW AND THE REFERENCE DOWEL
AS SHOWN IN THE FIGURE.
Locking torques (N*m)
Stator screw 3÷ 4
FIywheeI and starting
Removing the fIywheeI magneto
- Undo the flywheel nut, using the Compass
Spanner to hold the flywheel fast.
CAUTION
USING A COMPASS SPANNER OTHER THAN THE
ONE PROVIDED CAN DAMAGE THE STATOR
COILS.
Specific tooIing
020565Y Compass fIywheeI stop spanner
- Remove the flywheel using the extractor avail-
able as a special tool.
Specific tooIing
008564Y FIywheeI extractor
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 24
Inspecting the fIywheeI components
- Check the integrity of the internal plastic parts of the flywheel and the Pick-Up control plate.
Refitting the fIywheeI magneto
- Place the flywheel on the crankshaft, taking care
to locate the Woodruff key correctly.
- Tighten the flywheel nut to the specified tighten-
ing torque.
- Check the gap between the Pick-Up and the fly-
wheel is within the range 0.34 - 0.76 mm.
The Pick-Up must be replaced if the gap between
the Pick-Up and the flywheel is outside the spe-
cified limits, as the Pick-Up support does not al-
low for adjustment of this gap.
A gap outside these limits means the support has
been deformed.
N.B.
A VARIATION IN THE GAP DISTANCE CHANGES
THE MINIMUM DELIVERY SPEED OF THE IGNITION
SYSTEM.
Locking torques (N*m)
FIywheeI nut 52 ÷ 58
Refitting the starter motor
- Fit a new O-ring on the starter motor and lubric-
ate it.
- Ìnstall the starter motor on the crankcase and
tighten the two screws with the prescribed torque.
N.B.
FIT THE REMAINING PARTS AS DESCRIBED IN
THE CHAPTERS CYLINDER, CYLINDER HEAD,
VALVE GEAR, LUBRICATION, FLYWHEEL AND
TRANSMISSION.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 25
Locking torques (N*m)
Starter motor screws 11 ÷ 13
CyIinder assy. and timing system
Removing the timing system drive
- Remove the following components: transmission
cover, driving pulley with drive belt, oil pump pul-
ley cover, and the pinion dividing washer.
- Remove the tappets cover.
- Remove the central screw fastener and the
automatic valve-lifter retaining cover, as shown in
the figure.
- Remove the automatic valve-lifter cam, together
with its end-stop ring.
- Loosen the central screw on the chain tensioner.
- Remove the two screw fasteners shown in the
figure.
- Remove the Allen screw, shown in the figure,
and the counterweight.
- Remove the timing chain sprocket and associ-
ated washer from the camshaft.
- Remove the timing chain drive sprocket from the
camshaft.
- Remove the screw fastener indicated by the ar-
row in the figure, the spacer and the chain guide.
The chain tensioning pad must be removed from
the transmission side. The chain guide can only
be removed following the removal of the cylinder
head.
N.B.
IT IS ADVISABLE TO MARK THE CHAIN IN ORDER
TO ENSURE THAT THE INITIAL DIRECTION OF RO-
TATION IS MAINTAINED.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 26
See aIso
Transmission cover
Removing the driving pulley
Removal
Removing the cam shaft
- Remove the two screw fasteners and the cam
shaft retainer shown in the diagram.
- Remove the cam shaft.
- Remove the rocker pin by pushing it through
from the flywheel side.
- Remove the rockers, together with their spring
washers.
N.B.
MARK THE INSTALLING POSITION OF EACH
ROCKER ARM SO AS TO AVOID FITTING THE IN-
TAKE ROCKER ARM IN PLACE OF THE EXHAUST
ROCKER ARM OR VICE VERSA.
Removing the cyIinder head
- Remove the spark plug.
- Remove the 2 side attachments shown in the
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 27
figure.
- Loosen the 4 head-cylinder fastening nuts in 2
or 3 times and in a crossed sequence.
- Remove the head, the 2 centring dowels and the
gasket.
N.B.
IN CASE OF NEED, THE HEAD MAY BE REMOVED
WITH THE CAMSHAFT, PINS, ROCKERS AND FIX-
ING BRACKET. THE HEAD CAN ALSO BE RE-
MOVED WITHOUT REMOVING THE CHAIN AND
THE DRIVING SHAFT CHAIN TIGHTENER.
Removing the vaIves
- Using the special tool, fitted the part shown in
the figure, remove the half-cones, plates and
springs from both valves.
Specific tooIing
020382Y TooI for removing vaIve cotters
equipped with part 012
020382Y011 Bushing (vaIve remover)
- Remove the oil seals with the specific tool.
- Remove the lower spring supports.
Specific tooIing
020431Y VaIve oiI seaI extractor
Removing the cyIinder - piston assy.
- Remove the chain guide.
- Remove the cylinder base gasket.
CAUTION
TO AVOID DAMAGING THE PISTON, SUPPORT IT
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 28
WHILE REMOVING THE CYLINDER.
- Remove the two circlips, the piston pin and the
piston.
- Remove the three piston rings.
N.B.
TAKE CARE NOT TO DAMAGE THE PISTON RINGS
WHILE REMOVING THEM.
Inspecting the smaII end
- Measure the internal diameter of the small end
using a internal micrometer.
N.B.
IF THE SMALL END DIAMETER EXCEEDS THE
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE VALUE, OR IF IT SHOWS
SIGNS OF WEAR OR OVERHEATING, PROCEED
TO REPLACE THE CRANKSHAFT AS DESCRIBED
IN THE CHAPTER "CRANKCASE AND CRANK-
SHAFT".
Characteristic
Checking the connecting rod smaII end: Max-
imum diameter
15.030 mm
Checking the connecting rod smaII end:
Standard diameter
15.015 ÷ 15.025mm
Inspecting the wrist pin
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 29
- Measure the outside diameter of the gudgeon
pin.
Characteristic
Standard diameter
14,996 ÷ 15 mm
Minimum admissibIe diameter
14.994 mm
- Calculate the clearance between the gudgeon
pin and piston.
N.B.
THE HOUSINGS OF THE PIN HAVE TWO LUBRICA-
TION CHANNELS. FOR THIS REASON MEASURE-
MENT OF THE DIAMETER MUST BE CARRIED OUT
ACCORDING TO THE AXIS OF THE PISTON.
Characteristic
Piston wrist pin hoIe - standard diameter
Ø 15+0,001 +0,006
- Measure the outside diameter of the piston, per-
pendicular to the gudeon pin axis.
- Take this measurement 36.5 mm from the crown
of the piston, as shown in the diagram.
N.B.
THE HOUSINGS OF THE PIN HAVE TWO LUBRICA-
TION CHANNELS. FOR THIS REASON MEASURE-
MENT OF THE DIAMETER MUST BE CARRIED OUT
ACCORDING TO THE AXIS OF THE PISTON.
- Using a bore meter, measure the cylinder inside
diameter at three different heights in the direc-
tions shown in the figure.
- Check that the mating surface with the cylinder
head is not worn or distorted.
- Pistons and cylinders are classified according to
diameter. Mating is obtained by matching class
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 30
letters (A-A, B-B, C-C, D-D).
Characteristic
Maximum aIIowabIe runout:
0,05 mm
- Cylinder re-bores should be carried out respect-
ing the original machining angle on the bored sur-
face of the cylinder.
- The surface roughness of the bored surface of
the cylinder should be 0.9 microns.
- This is imperative to ensure proper bedding-in of
the piston rings, and hence reduced oil consump-
tion and optimum performance.
- 1st , 2nd and 3rd over-size pistons are available
as spare parts, for re-bored cylinders, corres-
ponding to 0.2 mm, 0.4 mm and 0.6 mm over-
sizes, respectively. There are 4 categories for
matching oversize pistons and cylinders (A-A, B-
B, C-C, D-D).
Inspecting the piston
- Clean the piston ring grooves thoroughly.
- Measure the clearance between the piston rings and the grooves using feeler gauges, as shown in
the diagram.
- Ìf the clearances exceed the limits specified in the table below, the piston should be replaced by a
new one.
NORMAL CLEARANCE
Name Description Dimensions InitiaIs Quantity
1st ring 0,025 ÷ 0,070
2nd ring 0,015 ÷ 0,060
oil scraper ring 0,015 ÷ 0,060
WEAR LIMIT: MAX. CLEARANCE
Name Description Dimensions InitiaIs Quantity
1st ring 0,080 mm
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 31
Name Description Dimensions InitiaIs Quantity
2nd ring 0,070 mm
oil scraper ring 0,070 mm
Removing the piston
- Ìnstall piston and wrist pin onto the connecting
rod, aligning the piston arrow the arrow facing to-
wards the exhaust.
- Fit the retaining ring onto the special tool
Specific tooIing
020430Y Pin retainers instaIIation tooI
- With the gap in the position shown on the tool, fit
the circlip into the tool by means of the drift.
- Fit the piston pin circlip using the tommy.
N.B.
THE TOOL FOR INSTALLING THE LOCKING RINGS
MUST BE USED MANUALLY.
CAUTION
USING A HAMMER TO FIT THE CIRCLIPS CAN
DAMAGE THE CIRCLIP SEATS.
Refitting the piston rings
- Place the oil scraper spring on the piston.
- Re-fit the oil scraper ring with the join of spring
ends on the opposite side from the ring gap and
the word 'TOP' towards the crown of the piston.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 32
The tapered side of the oil scraper ring should al-
ways be facing the crown of the piston.
- Re-fit the middle piston ring with the identifica-
tion letter facing the crown of the piston. The
tapered side of the middle piston ring should al-
ways be facing away from the crown of the piston.
- The top piston ring with the word 'TOP' or the
reference mark facing the crown of the piston.
- Offset the piston ring gaps on the three rings by
120° to each other.
- Lubricate the components with engine oil.
N.B.
IN ORDER TO IMPROVE BEDDING IN OF THE
RINGS, THE SURFACES ON THE TOP TO PISTON
RINGS ARE ANGLED TO GIVE A CONICAL SEC-
TION OF CONTACT.
Refitting the cyIinder
- Fit the base gasket of the chosen thickness, pre-
viously determined.
- Using the fork support, available as a special
tool and the piston ring retaining band, re-fit the
cylinder as show in the diagram.
N.B.
BEFORE FITTING THE CYLINDER, CAREFULLY
BLOW THE LUBRICATION DUCT AND OIL THE
CYLINDER BARREL.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 33
Specific tooIing
020426Y Piston fitting fork
020427y Piston Fitting TooI (motor 150)
Inspecting the cyIinder head
- Using a trued bar, check that the cylinder head
surface is not worn or distorted.
- Ensure that the camshaft and rocker arm pivot
bearings show no signs of wear.
- Check that the cylinder head cover surface, the
intake manifold and the exhaust manifold are not
worn.
Characteristic
Maximum aIIowabIe runout: Inspecting the
cyIinder head
0,05 mm
STANDARD DIAMETER
Specification Desc./Quantity
Standard diameter A Ø 32,5 ÷ 32,525
Normal diameter B Ø 20 ÷ 20,021
Standard diameter C Ø 12 ÷ 12,018
Inspecting the timing system components
- Check that the guide shoe and the tensioner
shoe are not worn out.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 34
- Ensure that the camshaft drive pulley, the chain
assembly and the pinion are not worn.
- Replace any worn components. Ìf the chain, pin-
ion or pulley are worn, replace the whole as-
sembly.
- Remove the central screw and the tensioner
spring. Check that the one-way mechanism is not
worn.
- Check the condition of the tensioner spring.
- Ìf any worn components are found, replace the
whole assembly.
Inspecting the vaIve seaIings
- Measure the width of the sealing surface on the valve seats.
VALVE SEALING SURFACE
Specification Desc./Quantity
Ìntake valve - sealing width 2,4 ÷ 2,8 mm
Exhaust valve - sealing width 2,2 ÷ 2,6 mm
Inspecting the vaIve housings
- Remove any carbon formation from the valve guides.
- Measure the inside diameter of each valve guide.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 35
- Take the measurement at three different heights in the rocker arm push direction.
Characteristic
Intake guide: Standard diameter
5,012 mm
Intake guide: Wear Iimit
5,012 mm
- Ìf the width of the impression on the valve seat
or the diameter of the valve guide exceed the pre-
scribed limits, replace the cylinder head.
Measure the width of the impression on valve
seat "V",
Characteristic
The wear Iimit being
Max. 1,6 mm.
Inspecting the vaIves
- Measure the diameter of the valve stems in the
three positions indicated in the diagram.
- Calculate the clearance between valve stem and
valve guide.
Characteristic
Minimum admissibIe diameter - InIet:
4.96 mm
Minimum admissibIe diameter - Exhaust:
4.95 mm
Standard cIearance - InIet:
0.013 ÷ 0.040 mm
Standard cIearance - Exhaust:
0,025 ÷ 0,052 mm
Maximum admissibIe cIearance - InIet:
0.062 mm
Maximum admissibIe cIearance - Exhaust:
0.072 mm
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 36
- Check the wear on the surfaces on the ends of
the valve stems, in contact with the tappets, is not
excessive.
- Ìf any of the sealing surfaces on the valves does
not conform to the specified wear limits, or is
damaged, or curved, replace the valve with a new
one.
Characteristic
Standard Iength of the vaIves - InIet:
80.6 mm
Standard Iength of the vaIves - Exhaust:
79.6 mm
- Ìf no anomalies are found during the above
checks, the same valves can be reused. For best
sealing results, it is advisable to grind the valves.
Grind the valves gently with a fine-grained lapping
compound. During the grinding, keep the cylinder
head in a horizontal position. This will prevent the
lapping compound residues from penetrating
between the valve stem and the guide.
CAUTION
TO AVOID SCORING THE MATING SURFACE, DO
NOT KEEP ROTATING THE VALVE WHEN NO LAP-
PING COMPOUND IS LEFT. CAREFULLY WASH
THE CYLINDER HEAD AND THE VALVES WITH A
SUITABLE PRODUCT FOR THE TYPE OF LAPPING
COMPOUND BEING USED.
- Ìnsert the valves into the cylinder head.
- Alternately test the intake and exhaust valves.
- The test is carried out by filling the manifold with
petrol and checking that no petrol oozes through
the valves when these are pressed with one fin-
ger.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 37
Inspecting the springs and haIf-cones
- Check that the upper spring caps and the cotter
halves show no signs of abnormal wear.
- Check the length of the unloaded valve springs
Characteristic
VaIve springs Iength
33,9 ÷ 34,4 mm
Refitting the vaIves
- Lubricate the valve guides with engine oil.
- Place the valve spring seats on the cylinder
head.
- Using the appropriate drift, available as a spe-
cial tool, fit the two valve seals.
Specific tooIing
020306Y VaIve seaIing ring drift
- Re-fit the valves, the springs and the spring re-
taining caps. Using the appropriate special tool
with adapter compress the spring and insert the
split cones in their seats. .
Specific tooIing
020382Y TooI for removing vaIve cotters
equipped with part 012
020382Y011 Bushing (vaIve remover)
Inspecting the cam shaft
- Ìnspect the cam shaft for signs of abnormal
wear on the cams.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 38
Characteristic
Standard diameter - Bearing surface A
Ø: 32,5mm -0,025 -0,050 mm
Standard diameter - Bearing surface B
20 -0,020 -0,041 mm
Minimum admissibIe diameter - Bearing sur-
face A
Ø: 32.440 mm
Minimum admissibIe diameter - Bearing sur-
face B
Ø: 19.950 mm
Intake cam height
27,512 mm
Exhaust cam height
27,212 mm
- Check there is no wear on the cam shaft retain-
ing plate and its associated groove on the cam
shaft.
- Ìf any of the above dimensions are outside the
specified limits, or there are signs of excessive
wear, replace the defective components with new
ones.
Characteristic
Maximum admissibIe axiaI cIearance:
0.42 mm
- Check there are no signs of wear on the auto-
matic valve-lifter cam, or the end-stop ring, or the
rubber buffer on the automatic valve-lifter retain-
ing cover.
- Check the automatic valve-lifter return spring is
not deformed by over-stretching.
- Replace any defective or worn components.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 39
- Check the rocker pin for excessive wear or scor-
ing.
-Check there are no signs of wear on the cam fol-
lowers or the tappets.
- Measure the internal diameter of both rockers.
- Check there are no signs of wear on the spring
washers that take up the axial play between the
rockers. Replace any defective components with
new ones.
Characteristic
Minimum admissibIe diameter:
Ø 11.970 mm
Maximum admissibIe diameter:
Ø 12.030 mm
Refitting the head and timing system components
- Re-fit the timing chain guide.
- Ìnsert the dowel the cylinder head to the cylinder, fit the cylinder head gasket and the cylinder head.
- Fit the cylinder head nut fasteners and tighten them in a crosswise sequence, in two or three
stages, to the specified tightening torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 28 - 30
- Fit the two screw fasteners on the outside of the
timing chain side of the cylinder head and tighten
them to the specified tightening torque.
N.B.
BEFORE INSTALLING THE HEAD, MAKE SURE
THAT THE LUBRICATION CHANNEL IS CLEAN US-
ING A COMPRESSED AIR JET.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 11 - 13
- Re-fit the lower timing chain sprocket on the
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 40
crankshaft, with the chamfer innermost.
- Loop the timing chain around the sprocket on
the crankshaft.
- Re-fit he chain tensioner guide to the cylinder
head.
- Fit the spacer and the screw fastener.
- Fit the rocker pin, the exhaust rocker, the spring
washer and the inlet washer.
- Lubricate the rockers via the holes on top.
- Lubricate the cam surfaces and insert the cam
shaft in the support, making sure the cams cor-
respond to the rockers.
- Re-fit the cam shaft retaining plate and fit the
two screw fasteners shown in the diagram to the
specified tightening torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 4 - 6
- Re-fit the spacer on the cam shaft.
- Rotate the engine so that the piston is at TDC,
using the reference marks on the flywheel and the
crankcase.
- Holding the engine in this position, loop the
chain over the cam shaft timing chain sprocket,
making sure the reference mark 2V on the
sprocket corresponds to the reference mark ma-
chined on the cylinder head.
- Fit the pulley on the cam shaft.
- Re-fit the counterweight and tighten the screw
fastener to the specified tightening torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 7 - 8,5
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 41
-Fit the end-stop ring on the automatic valve-lifter
cam and fit the automatic valve-lifter cam to the
cam shaft.
- Re-fit the automatic valve-lifter return spring.
- Pre-loading it by a 180° rotation.
N.B.
LUBRICATE WITH GREASE THE TRAVEL END
RING TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL LEAKS WITH
CONSEQUENT DROPPING INTO THE ENGINE.
- Re-fit the automatic valve-lifter retaining dish,
using the counterweight screw fastener as a ref-
erence.
- Tighten the screw fastener to the specified tight-
ening torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 12 - 14
- With the tensioning screw screwed right out.
- Fit the chain tensioner on the cylinder, using a new gasket, and tight the two screw fasteners to the
specified tightening torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 11 - 13
- Ìnsert the chain tensioning screw, together with the spring and washer, tightening it to the specified
tightening torque.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 42
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 5 - 6
- Adjust the valve clearances according to the in-
structions in Chapter General Ìnformation and
Maintenance.
- Re-fit the spark plug.
EIectric characteristic
Recommended spark pIug:
CHAMPION RG4HC
Spark gap
0.8 mm
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 12 - 14
- Re-fit the rocker cover gasket. The projections
on the timing chain side provide a reference for its
orientation.
- Re-fit the cooling cover to crankcase screw
fastener, tightening it to the specified tightening
torque, and re-fit the two self-tapping screw
fasteners that hold the cooling cover sides togeth-
er.
- Make sure the rocker cover gasket does not
come out of position.
- Whilst fitting the cover
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 3 - 4
- Re-fit the inlet duct and tighten the screw fasten-
ers to the specified tightening torque.
- Re-connect the carburettor to the inlet duct and
tighten the hose clamp.
N.B.
ADJUST THE ORIENTATION OF THE CARBURET-
TOR BY MEANS OF THE PROJECTION ON THE
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 43
MANIFOLD.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 11 - 13
- Re-fit the cylinder head cover, tightening the
four screw fasteners to the specified tightening
torque.
- Re-fit the fan and fan cover.
- Re-fit the oil pump drive, the oil pump cover, the
oil blow-by valve and the sump, as described in
Chapter «Lubrication».
- Re-fit the drive pulley, the drive belt and the
transmission cover, as described in Chapter
«Transmission».
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 11 - 13
Crankcase - crankshaft
- Removing the Crankshaft:
Performing the steps described in Chapter Trans-
mission, remove the following: transmission cov-
er, drive pulley, driven pulley, drive belt, reduction
gearbox cover, gears, bearings and oil seals.
- Performing the steps described in Chapter Lub-
rication, remove the following: sump, oil blow-by
valve, oil pump drive cover and oil pump.
- Performing the steps described in Chapter Fly-
wheel, remove the following: flywheel cover, fan,
flywheel, stator.
- Remove the oil filter and the oil low pressure
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 44
sender.
- Performing the steps described in Chapter Cyl-
inder Head and Timing Components, remove the
cylinder head assembly and the cylinder-piston
assembly.
- Remove the two screw fasteners shown in the
diagram and remove the starter motor.
- Before separating the crankcase halves, it is
worthwhile to measure the end-float on the crank-
shaft. Use a dial-gauge and support attached to
the crankcase separating plate, available as a
special tools.
Specific tooIing
020262Y Crankcase detachment pIate
020335Y Magnetic stand and comparator
Characteristic
Standard cIearance
0.15 - 0.40 mm
SpIitting the crankcase haIves
- Remove the 11 screw fasteners securing the
crankcase halves together.
- Separate the crankcase halves, taking care to
leave the crankshaft supported by one of them.
- Remove the crankshaft .
CAUTION
THE CRANKSHAFT MAY FALL IF THIS PRECAU-
TION IS NOT TAKEN.
- Remove the crankcase gasket.
- Remove the two screws and the internal cover
shown in the diagram.
CAUTION
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 45
WHILE OPENING THE CRANKCASES AND REMOV-
ING THE DRIVING SHAFT, CHECK THAT THE
SHAFT THREADED ENDS DO NOT INTERFERE
WITH THE BENCH BRASSES. FAILURE TO OB-
SERVE THIS PRECAUTION CAN DAMAGE THE
BENCH BRASSES.
- Remove the oil seal on the flywheel side.
- Remove the oil filter union shown in the dia-
gram.
- Check the end-float, before removal.
Characteristic
Standard cIearance
0.20 - 0.50 mm
- Check the radial free-play on the connecting
rod.
-Check the surfaces that limit the axial free-play
are not scored and measure the width of the
crankshaft between these surfaces, as shown in
the diagram.
CAUTION
MAKE SURE THE ENDS OF THE CALIPER DO NOT
GO INTO THE MACHINED CORNER ON THE
CRANKSHAFT, AS THE CURVATURE IN THE
CORNER MAY CAUSE INACCURATE READINGS.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 46
Characteristic
Standard cIearance
0.036 - 0.054 mm
- Provided none of the specified crankshaft toler-
ances are exceeded, end-float on the crankshaft
found to exceed the specified limit must be due to
either excessive wear or wrong machining on the
crankcase.
CAUTION
BE CAREFUL NOT TO LET THE MEASUREMENT
BE AFFECTED BY THE UNIONS WITH THE DRIV-
ING SHAFT ENDS.
Characteristic
Distance between supports
55,67 ÷ 55,85 mm
- On both main bearing seats, take two perpendicular measurements of the diameters of the crank-
shaft at the points indicated A and B in the diagram. The crankshaft halves fall into two categories,
Cat. 1 and Cat. 2, according to diameter, as shown in the table below.
STANDARD DIAMETER
Specification Desc./Quantity
Category 1 28,998 ÷ 29,004
Category 2 28,004 ÷ 29,010
Inspecting the crankshaft aIignment
To install the drive shaft on the support and to
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 47
measure the misalignment in the 4 points indicate
to you in figure.
- Check that the driving shaft cone, the tab seat,
the oil guard connection and the threaded tangs
are in good working order.
- Ìn case of failures, replace the driving shaft.
The connecting rod head brasses cannot be re-
placed.
For the same reason, when cleaning the driving
shaft, be careful to prevent any impurity from en-
tering into the shaft lubrication hole.
Ìn order to prevent damaging the connecting rod
brasses, do not attempt cleaning the lubrication
duct with compressed air.
- Make sure that the 2 pads on the crank button
are properly mounted.
- A wrong installation of a pad can seriously affect
the brass lubrication pressure.
N.B.
BENCH ENDS ARE NOT RECTIFIABLE.
Specific tooIing
020074Y Crankshaft aIigning tooI
Characteristic
AIignment check: Max admissibIe dispIace-
ment:
A = 0.15 mm
B = 0.01 mm
C = 0.01 mm
D = 0.10 mm
Inspecting the crankcase haIves
- Before proceeding to check the crankcase
halves, thoroughly clean the all surfaces and oil
ducts.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 48
- On the transmission side crankcase half, take
particular care cleaning the housing and oil ducts
for the following components: the oil pump, the oil
blow-by valve, the main bearings and the cooling
jet on the transmission side (see diagram).
- Take particular care, also, that there are no
signs wear oil blow-by valve housing (see
Chapter Lubrication), as this could prevent a good
seal in the valve, which regulates the oil pressure.
N.B.
THE JET IS FED THROUGH THE BENCH BRASSES.
PROPER OPERATION OF THIS COMPONENT IM-
PROVES THE PISTON TOP COOLING. CLOGGING
HAS EFFECTS THAT ARE DIFFICULT TO DETECT
(PISTON TEMPERATURE INCREASE). FAILURE OR
LEAK CAN CONSIDERABLY DECREASE THE
BENCH BRASS AND CONNECTING ROD LUBRICA-
TION PRESSURE.
- On the flywheel side crankcase half, take partic-
ular care cleaning the oil ducts for the main bear-
ings, the oil duct for the jet that lubricates the cyl-
inder head and the oil drainage duct at the fly-
wheel side oil seal.
N.B.
THE HEAD LUBRICATION CHANNEL IS PROVIDED
WITH A SHUTTER JET; THIS GIVES A «LOW PRES-
SURE» HEAD LUBRICATION; THIS CHOICE WAS
MADE TO REDUCE THE OIL TEMPERATURE IN
THE SUMP. THE JET CLOGGING IMPAIRS THE
HEAD LUBRICATION AND THE TIMING MECHAN-
ISMS. A JET FAILURE CAUSES A DECREASE OF
THE BENCH BRASS AND CONNECTING ROD LUB-
RICATION PRESSURE.
- Ìnspect the mating surfaces on the crankcase
halves for scratches or deformation, taking partic-
ular with the surfaces that mate with the cylinder
and the mating surfaces between the crankcase
halves.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 49
- Defects in the gasket between the crankcase
halves, or the mating surfaces shown in the dia-
gram, can cause a reduction in the oil pressure
lubricating the main bearing and connection rod.
- Check the main bearing seats that limit axial
play in the crankshaft show no signs of wear. The
dimension between these seats is measured by
way of the procedure described previously for
measuring the crankshaft axial play and dimen-
sions.
Inspecting the crankshaft pIain bearings
- Proper lubrication of the main bearings depends
on them being seated correctly in their housings,
which will avoid obscuring the lubrication ducts.
Not only will this ensure proper flow of oil, but
also the appropriate oil pressure (4 bar), on which
lubrication of the main bearings depends.
- The main bearings comprise two half-bearings,
one containing holes and channels for lubrication
and the other solid.
- The solid half-bearing bears the main load due
to combustion and is, therefore, located at the far
side from the cylinder.
- Ìn order to avoid obstructing the passage of oil,
the plane of the coupling between the two half-
bearings must be absolutely perpendicular to the
axis of the cylinder, as shown in the diagram.
- The depth to which the half bearings are driven,
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 50
in relation to the surface that limits axial play of
the crankshaft, can also affect the alignment of
the oil ducts.
N.B.
TO KEEP SUCH POSITION OF THE BRASSES ON
THE CRANKCASE, DRIVING IS FORCED ON STEEL
RINGS INSERTED IN THE CASTING OF BOTH
HALF-CRANKCASES.
Characteristic
Standard driving depth
1.35 - 1.6
- Check the inside diameter of the main bearings in the three directions indicated in the diagram.
- Repeat these measurements on the other side of the lubrication channel in the bearing (see dia-
gram).
- The main bearings are chosen from a selection of standard sizes that give certain inside diameters
once driven into the bearing housings in the crankcase, so as to obtain a match with the crankshaft.
- The bearing housings fall are available in two categories, Cat. 1 and Cat. 2, as are the crankshafts.
- The main bearings are available in three thicknesses, identified by colour markings, as shown in the
below table.
N.B.
DO NOT TAKE THE MEASURE ON THE HALF-BEARING MATCHING SURFACE SINCE THE ENDS ARE
RELEASED TO ALLOW DEFORMATION UPON INSERTION.
CRANKCASE BEARINGS
Specification Desc./Quantity
B Blue
C Yellow
E Green
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 51
Refitting the crankcase haIves
- Re-fit the internal cover shown in the diagram
and tighten the two screw fasteners to the spe-
cified tightening torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 4 - 6
- Re-fit the oil filter union and tighten it to the spe-
cified tightening torque.
- Place a new gasket on one of the crankcase
halves, preferably on the transmission side, to-
gether with the locating dowels.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 27 - 33
- Lubricate the main bearings and insert the
crankshaft in the transmission side crankcase
half.
- Re-assemble the two crankcase halves.
- Fit the 11 screw fasteners and tighten them to
the specified tightening torque.
N.B.
WHILE ASSEMBLING THE CRANKCASE AND THE
CRANKSHAFT, TAKE CARE NOT TO DAMAGE THE
THREADED TANGS OF THE CRANKSHAFT.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 11 - 13
- Lubricate the flywheel side oil seal.
- Using the appropriate special tool fit the oil seal.
- Fit a new O-ring on the oil sieve and lubricate it.
- Re-fit the oil seal to the engine with the oil drain
plug and tighten to the specified tightening torque.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 52
N.B.
REMOVE ANY REMAINS OF THE OLD GASKET
FROM THE CRANKCASE AND CYLINDER MATING
SURFACES IN ORDER TO ENSURE PROPER
SEALS
N.B.
FAILURE TO USE THE SPECIFIC TOOL MAY RES-
ULT IN THE OIL SEAL BEING DRIVEN TO AN UN-
SUITABLE DEPTH, WHICH WOULD CAUSE THE
OIL SEAL TO MALFUNCTION.
Specific tooIing
020425Y FIywheeI-side oiI guard punch
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 24 - 30
Lubrication
ConceptuaI diagrams
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 53
OiI pressure check
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 54
- Remove the fan cover, as described in the last
chapter, "Flywheel", disconnect the oil low pres-
sure warning sender wires and remove the
sender itself.
- Check the oil pressure reading is between 0.5
and 1.2 atm with the engine at the slow running
speed of 1650 r.p.m. and an oil temperature of
around 90°C.
- Check the oil pressure reading is between 3.2
and 4.2 atm with the engine running at a speed
6000 r.p.m. and an oil temperature of around
90°C.
- Remove the compression gauge once the
measurement is complete and re-fit the oil pres-
sure sensor, tightening it to the specified tighten-
ing torque, and re-fit the fan cover.
- Ìf the oil pressure is outside the specified limits,
in the following order, check: the oil filter, the oil
blow-by valve, the oil pump and the crankshaft
seals.
N.B.
THE CHECK MUST BE CARRIED OUT WITH OIL AT
THE CORRECT LEVEL AND WITH AN OIL FILTER
IN GOOD CONDITIONS.
Characteristic
Minimum pressure
3.2 bar
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 12 - 14 (aIso appIicabIe to
compression gauge fitting)
Crankshaft oiI seaIs
RemovaI
- Remove the transmission cover and complete
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 55
driving pulley beforehand
- Ìnstall the base of the special tool on the oil seal
using the screws provided.
- Screw the threaded bar onto the base of the tool
and extract the oil seal.
Specific tooIing
020622Y Transmission-side oiI guard punch
Refitting
- Prepare the new oil seal lubricating the sealing
surface. Note: do not lubricate the surface mating
with the crankcase.
CAUTION
DO NOT LUBRICATE THE SURFACE KEYED ON
THE ENGINE CRANKCASE.
- Preassemble the oil seal using the special tool.
- Ìnsert the sheath onto the crankshaft.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 56
- Ìnsert the tool with the oil seal on the crankshaft
until it comes into contact with the crankcase.
CAUTION
ORIENTATE THE OIL GUARD BY POSITIONING
THE CHAIN HOUSING CHANNEL FACING DOWN-
WARDS. WHEN THE POSITION IS REACHED, DO
NOT RETRACT THE OIL GUARD. FAILURE TO
COMPLY WITH THIS RULE CAN CAUSE A WRONG
POSITIONING OF THE OIL GUARD SHEATH.
- Orientate the oil seal installing the bracket com-
prising the special tool.
- Tighten the threaded bar onto the crankshaft as
far as it will go.
- Using the nut, act on the base of the tool as far
as it will go.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 57
- Remove all of the tool components following the inverse procedure
CAUTION
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THIS ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE CAN SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE ENGINE
DUE TO THE WRONG TENSIONING OF THE OIL PUMP CONTROL CHAIN.
Assemble a new oil guard on the magneto side
using the specific tool as indicated in the photo.
N.B.
FAILURE TO USE THE SPECIFIC TOOL MAY RES-
ULT IN THE OIL SEAL BEING DRIVEN TO AN UN-
SUITABLE DEPTH, WHICH WOULD CAUSE THE
OIL SEAL TO MALFUNCTION.
Specific tooIing
020425Y FIywheeI-side oiI guard punch
OiI pump
RemovaI
- Remove the two screw fasteners of the lower oil
pump chain cover, shown in the diagram, and re-
move the cover itself.
- Block the rotation of the lower oil pump sprocket
with a screwdriver inserted through one of its two
holes.
- Remove the central screw fastener with dished
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 58
washer, as shown in the diagram.
- Remove the sprocket and the chain.
- Remove the oil pump drive cog from the crank-
shaft.
- Undo the two oil pump screw fasteners, shown
in the diagram, extract the oil pump.
- Remove the oil pump seal.
CAUTION
THE CHAIN SHOULD BE MARKED TO ENSURE
THAT THE ORIGINAL DIRECTION OF ROTATION IS
MAINTAINED.
Inspection
- Remove the two screw fasteners on the rear of
the pump and remove its cover.
- Remove the circlip retaining the innermost im-
peller.
- Remove and wash the impellers thoroughly with
petrol and compressed air.
- Reassemble the impellers in the pump body,
keeping the two reference marks visible, and re-
place the circlip.
- Check the clearance between the impellers us-
ing feeler gauges, as shown in the diagram.
Characteristic
Maximum aIIowabIe cIearance:
0.12 mm
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 59
Measure the distance between the outer rotor and
the pump body (see figure).
Characteristic
Maximum aIIowabIe cIearance:
0.20 mm
- Check the axial play in the rotors using a flat
surface as a reference plane, as shown in the dia-
gram.
Characteristic
Maximum aIIowabIe cIearance:
0.09 mm
Refitting
- Check there are no signs of wear on the oil
pump shaft or body.
- Check there are no signs of scoring or wear on
the oil pump cover.
-Substitute any defective parts or the complete oil
pump assembly, as appropriate.
- Re-fit the sprocket on the pump, the central
screw, tightened to the specified tightening
torque, and the dished washer.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 60
-Re-fit the lower oil pump sprocket cover, tighten-
ing the two screw fasteners to the specified
torque.
N.B.
FIT THE BELLEVILLE WASHER SO THAT ITS OUT-
ER (CURVED) RIM IS IN CONTACT WITH THE PUL-
LEY.
Locking torques (N*m)
CentraI screw tightening torque 12 - 14 N·m
Cover screw tightening torque 0.7 - 0.9 N·m
Removing the oiI sump
- Remove the oil filler plug, the transmission cov-
er, the complete drive pulley assembly, the drive
belt and the bendix, as described in chapter
Transmission.
- Drain the oil as described in chapter General Ìn-
formation and Servicing.
- Remove the seven screw fasteners, shown in
the diagram, and the two rear brake cable
clamps.
- Remove the spring, the blow-by valve plunger
and the gasket shown in the diagram.
Inspecting the by-pass vaIve
- Check the free length of the spring.
- Check that the piston exhibits no scratches.
- Ensure that it slides freely on the crankcase and
that it guarantees a good seal.
- Ìf not, eliminate any impurities or replace defect-
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 61
ive parts.
Characteristic
Check by-pass: Standard Iength
54.2 mm
Refitting the oiI sump
- Re-fit the blow-by valve plunger in its housing.
- Ìnsert the pressure-regulating spring.
- Fit a new sump seal.
- Re-fit the sump, taking care to locate the spring
in the appropriate recess machined into the inside
of the sump.
- Re-fit the screw fasteners and the rear brake
cable brackets in the reverse order to which they
were removed.
- Tighten the screw fasteners to the specified
tightening torque.
- Re-fit the drive pulley assembly, the drive belt,
the bendix and the transmission cover, as de-
scribed in chapter "Transmission".
- When testing the Iubrication system, refer to
chapter "Crakcase and Crankshaft", regarding
Iubrication of the crankshaft and connecting
rod
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 11 - 13
FueI suppIy
- Disconnect the fuel feed pipe and the vacuum
pipe from the carburettor.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 62
- Ensure that no fuel is leaking from the pipes.
- Close the fuel outlet.
- Using the MÌTYVAC pump, apply a 0.1 bar va-
cuum to the cock.
- Ensure that the vacuum does not change, and
that no fuel is leaking.
- Reconnect the vacuum pipe to the manifold.
- Position the fuel pipe so that its outlet is on the
same level as the cock.
- Make the engine turn by operating the starter
motor for five seconds with the carburettor in the
idle position.
- Gather the fuel in a graduated burette.
N.B.
THE MEASUREMENT MAY BE ALTERED BY AN
UNSUITABLE ENGINE SPEED OR BY INCORRECT
POSITIONING OF THE PIPE. IN THAT CASE, A RE-
DUCED FUEL DELIVERY IS GENERALLY OB-
TAINED. THE VACUUM HOLE ON THE MANIFOLD
HAS AN INTENTIONALLY REDUCED CROSS-
SECTIONAL AREA IN ORDER TO IMPROVE THE
VACUUM PULSES AND ENSURE CONSTANT DE-
LIVERY OF THE COCK.
Specific tooIing
020329Y Pump MITYVAC
Characteristic
Minimum deIivery
20 cc
- Drain the fuel from the tank.
- Remove the fuel delivery pipe and the vacuum
pipe.
- Release the clamp and remove the cock.
- Clean the tank and the cock filter with a suitable
solvent.
- Refit the cock taking care to verify the presence
of the O-ring.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 63
- Turn the cock in the same direction as before
the removal and then tighten the clamp.
N.B.
THE FILTER CAN BE SCREWED OFF THE COCK
TO FACILITATE THE CLEANING.
Removing the carburettor
- To remove the carburetor from the engine, the
air filter must be moved and remove the throttle,
automatic starter connection, band securing the
carburetor to the filter box and intake manifold,
the air supply hose to the diaphragm, heater and
induction coupling.
Remove the guard, the bracket and the starter by
releasing the screw shown in the figure.
Remove the 2 screws and the starter support with
the gasket.
Remove the clamp and the cap with the mem-
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 64
brane chamber aeration filter.
Remove the 4 fixing screws shown in the figure
and the vacuum chamber cover.
WARNING
DURING THE COVER REMOVAL, BE CAREFUL TO
THE SUDDEN PROJECTION OF THE SPRING.
Remove the vacuum valve with the membrane.
Loosen the coupling by 1/8 turn and remove it, re-
move the spring and the vacuum valve pin.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 65
Remove the 4 screws shown in the figure.
Remove the basin with the pickup pump, control
and gasket.
- Remove the sealing gasket.
- Remove the pickup pump intake and delivery
valves from the basin.
N.B.
BE VERY CAREFUL SINCE VALVES CONSIST OF
NOZZLE, SPRING AND BALL
N.B.
DO NOT REMOVE THE PICKUP PUMP PISTON AND
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 66
RELEVANT CONTROL.
- Suitably support the carburettor and remove the
float pin by a hammer from the gas control side.
- Remove the float and the pin.
- Remove the maximum nozzle.
Remove the maximum nozzle.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 67
Remove the emulsifier.
Remove the spray nozzle.
N.B.
THIS OPERATION IS REQUIRED TO PREVENT
LOSING THE SPRAY NOZZLE DURING THE CAR-
BURETTOR CLEANING OPERATIONS. IF THE
SPRAY NOZZLE IS FORCED INTO ITS SEAT, DO
NOT REMOVE IT TO PREVENT DAMAGING IT.
Remove the minimum nozzle.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 68
Remove the minimum flow adjustment screw and
the spring.
CAUTION
DO NOT REMOVE THE COMPONENTS FIXED INTO
THE CARBURETTOR BODY, SUCH AS: FUEL
FEEDING DUCT, PIN SEAT, STARTER NOZZLE,
PICKUP NOZZLE AND PIT CAP, MINIMUM AND
MAXIMUM AIR CALIBRATOR, THROTTLE VALVE
CONTROL SHAFT. DO NOT REMOVE THE SCREWS
FIXING THE THROTTLE TO THE SHAFT. THE FIX-
ING SCREWS ARE CAULKED AFTER ASSEMBLY
AND THEIR REMOVAL DAMAGES THE SHAFT.
Refitting the carburettor
- Before proceeding to reassembly, carefully
clean the carburettor body using fuel and com-
pressed air.
- Be especially careful to the fuel inlet duct and
the pin seat.
- For the maximum circuit, check the air calibra-
tion shown in the figure.
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 69
- For the minimum circuit, check the correct
cleaning of the following points: air calibration,
outlet section controlled by the flow screw, pro-
gression holes close to the throttle valve.
- For the starter circuit, carefully blow the nozzle connection duct since the nozzle support hides fur-
ther internal calibrations that are not accessible.
- Carefully blow the pickup nozzle.
N.B.
ITS OUTLET SECTION IS VERY SMALL AND FACES THE THROTTLE VALVE. A WRONG ORIENTATION
OF THE NOZZLE CAUSES A POOR SPRAYING.
- Check that on the carburettor body there are 5 closing balls of the processing ducts.
- Check that the matching surfaces with the basin and the membrane exhibit no dents.
- Check that the vacuum valve seat is not deformed.
- Check that the throttle valve and the shaft exhibit no abnormal wear.
- Check that the pin seat exhibits no abnormal wear.
- Ìn case of anomalies, replace the carburettor.
- Check that the pickup pump rocker return spring is not slackened.
N.B.
TO PREVENT DAMAGES, DO NOT INSERT METAL OBJECTS INTO THE CALIBRATED SECTIONS.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 70
- Wash and blow the minimum nozzle and then
replace it.
- Wash and blow the components of the maxim-
um, emulsifier and nozzle circuit.
- Ìnsert the spray nozzle into the carburettor body
with the shorter cylindrical part facing the emulsifi-
er.
- Ìnstall the emulsifier making sure that the spray
nozzle is properly inserted, then lock it.
- Ìnstall the maximum nozzle.
- Check that the conical pin exhibits no wear on
the pin sealing surface and on the return spring.
- Ìn case of wear, replace the pin.
- Check that the float exhibits no wear on the pin seat or on the plate in contact with the pin, or fuel
infiltrations.
- Ìn case of anomalies, replace.
- Ìnsert the float with the pin on the fuel feeding side.
N.B.
BE CAREFUL TO THE PROPER INSERTION OF THE RETURN SPRING ON THE FLOAT PLATE.
- Remove the basin drainage screw and wash
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 71
and blow the basin, be especially careful to the
cleaning of the pickup pump ducts.
- Repeatedly actuate the pickup pump piston and
blow with compressed air.
- Replace the pickup pump valves in a sequence:
ÌNTAKE VALVE (A)
• Spring
• Sphere
• Nozzle
DELÌVERY VALVE (M)
• Spring
• Nozzle
• Sphere
N.B.
THE DELIVERY VALVE NOZZLE IS PROVIDED
WITH A MILLING.
- Check the screw seal by pouring a small amount
of fuel into the basin.
- Ìnstall a new gasket on the basin.
- Ìnstall the basin on the carburettor body and
tighten the 4 screws.
- Check that the control roller is free to rotate into
its seat.
N.B.
CHECK THE PROPER INSERTION OF THE GAS-
KET.
N.B.
AVOID ANY DEFORMATION OF THE PICKUP PUMP
CONTROL ROCKER.
- Wash and blow the flow screw.
- Check that the screw is free from deformation
and/or oxidation.
- Assemble the spring on the screw.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 72
- Tighten the flow screw on the carburettor body.
- The final position of the screw must be defined by the exhaust gas analysis.
- Prepare the carburettor for adjustment with the screw loosened by 2 turns from the closed position.
LeveI check
- Place the carburettor tilted as shown in the fig-
ure.
- Check that the reference on the float is parallel to the basin matching surface.
- Ìf the position is different, change the orientation of the metal pin control plate to obtain the position
described above.
Inspecting the vaIve and needIe
- Check that the vacuum valve conical pin is free
from wear.
- Check that the vacuum valve exhibits no
scratches on the outside surfaces.
- Check that the vacuum feeding hole is not
clogged.
- Check that the membrane is not broken or
hardened, if not so, replace the entire valve.
- Ìnsert the conical pin into the vacuum valve
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 73
seat.
- Replace the vacuum gas valve on the carburet-
tor body being careful to insert the pin into the
spray nozzle.
N.B.
THE VALVE CAN BE INSERTED IN A SINGLE POSI-
TION ONLY.
- Replace the spring with the pin lock.
- Replace the vacuum chamber cover checking
the proper positioning of the spring into the hous-
ing on the cover.
- Tighten the screws at the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Vacuum chamber cover screws: XX N m
- Wash and blow the ambient pressure inlet filter
sponge.
- Replace the filter and its clamp.
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 74
- Wash and blow the starter support.
- Ìnstall a new gasket on the carburettor body and
tighten the 2 fixing screws.
Inspecting the automatic choke device
- Check that the automatic starter piston exhibits
no scratches or oxidation.
- Check that the piston slides freely into the seat.
- Check that the piston sealing gasket exhibits no
deformations.
- The starter must be more or less inserted ac-
cording to the ambient temperature.
- Measure the projection of the piston as shown in
the figure, and check the corresponding value.
- Ensure that the starter settles at ambient tem-
perature.
- The starter should gradually disconnect by the
electric heating.
- Check the starter resistance when settled at am-
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 75
bient temperature.
- Using a 12V battery, power the automatic starter
and check that the piston reaches the maximum
protrusion.
- The actual heating time depends on the ambient
temperature.
- Ìf you detect projections, resistance or times dif-
fering from those prescribed, replace the com-
plete starter.
- Ìnstall the starter on the carburettor checking the
proper positioning of the O-Ring, insert the plate
with the knurling resting against the starter, tight-
en the fixing screw.
- Orientate the starter as in the figure.
- Ìnstall the safety casing.
N.B.
TO PERFORM THIS CHECK, BE CAREFUL NOT TO
GENERATE ANY SHORT CIRCUITS. TO THIS PUR-
POSE, USE A CABLE WITH SUITABLE TERMINAL
FOR CONNECTING TO THE STARTER.
Characteristic
Automatic starter check Kehin
XX ÷ XX mm at about 20°C
Automatic starter check Kehin maximum pro-
jection
XXX ÷ XXX mm
Automatic starter check Kehin max time
5 min
Adjusting the idIe
- The engine does not require frequent adjust-
ment of the idle, however it is important that this
adjustment be made in complete compliance with
a few rules.
- Before adjusting the carburettor make sure that
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 76
the following conditions are met: good lubrication,
valve play and distribution timing conform, spark
plug in excellent conditions, air filter clean and
sealed, exhaust system completely sealed. -
Warm up the engine for at least 5 minutes at
around 50 Km/h.
- Connect the vehicle to an exhaust analyser in-
serting the analyser probe into a extension hose
fitted airtight to the outlet of the silencer.
- Connect the thermometer of the multimeter
(020331y) to the sump, using the oil cap specific-
ally made for insertion of the probe.
- Start the engine before adjusting the idle speed,
making sure the oil temperature is between 70 -
80 °C.
- Using the analyser revolution counter or a sep-
arate one (020332y), adjust the idle until obtain-
ing a speed of 1600 - 1700 rpm.
- Adjust the flow screw until obtaining a percent-
age of carbon monoxide (CO) of 3.1
- 4.5%, by loosening the screw the CO value in-
creases (rich mixture) by tightening the CO value
decreases (thin mixture).
- Ìf correction of the flow screw position leads to
an increase in speed, adjust the revolutions again
and if necessary the flow screw until stabilised
values are achieved.
- Ìdle carburetion is considered correct when the
values of oil temperature, number of revolutions
and percentage of carbon monoxide are correct.
Additional information can be obtained from the
analyser:
- the percentage of carbon dioxide (CO2), the
percentage of carbon dioxide has a reverse trend
compared to the percentage of (CO), values
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 77
above 12.5% are considered correct. Values out
of this range are considered as an indication of a
non-airtight condition on the exhaust system.
- Unburnt hydrocarbons (HC) are measured in
parts per million (PPM), the value of the HC de-
creases with increased rpm, with the engine idling
it is normal to measure 200
- 400 PPM, these exhaust values are considered
normal for an engine with motorcycle distribution
diagram. Much higher values can be caused by
engine misfiring due to a too thin mixture (low
CO), ignition defects or incorrect distribution tim-
ing or a stuck or non-airtight exhaust valve.
- Ìf the CO is difficult to adjust, carefully check:
- Cleaning of the carburettor
- Correct working order of the automatic starter
- Correct working order of the tapered pin-seat
- Bowl level
N.B.
THE EXTENSION PIPE IS REQUIRED TO AVOID
WITHDRAWING EXHAUST GAS FROM THE AMBI-
ENT OXYGEN. USE A GAS ANALYSER WARMED IN
ADVANCE AND CAPABLE OF ENSURING THE RE-
SET OF THE GAS READING AND A CORRECT GAS
RATE. FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE RULES
MAY GIVE A WRONG READING.
N.B.
THE IGNITION SYSTEM IS OF THE SPARK TYPE
AND HAS A VERY HIGH POWER. USING WRONG
RPM COUNTERS MAY CAUSE DIFFICULTIES IN
THE READING. THE RPM COUNTER MATCHING IS
CORRECT WHEN IT CAN READ HIGH SPEEDS
TOO, SUCH AS 6,000 - 8,000 RPM.
Characteristic
Engine idIe: Pipe dimensions
Ø 40 mm
Engine idIe: Length
500 ÷ 600 mm
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 78
LX 150 4T USA Engine
ENG - 79
Engine LX 150 4T USA
ENG - 80
INDEX OF TOPICS
SUSPENSIONS SUSP
Sospensioni anteriore
This section describes the operations which can be carried out on the suspensions.
Front
Removing the front wheeI
-Remove the five socket-head screws fastening
the wheel to the hub.
N.B.
REMOVE THE BRAKE CALLIPER BEFORE REMOV-
ING THE WHEEL HUB.
Front wheeI hub overhauI
- Remove the ball bearing lock snap ring shown in
the figure
Using the specific tool, remove the ball bearing.
Specific tooIing
001467Y014 15 mm pIiers
001467Y017 BeII for bearings externaI Ø 39
mm
- Using a screwdriver, remove the oil guard on the
roller bearing side.
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 2
Using the specific tool, remove the roller bearing
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020456Y Ø 24 mm adapter
020363Y 20mm guide
- Using a heat gun, heat the seat of the roller
bearing
- Using the specific tool insert and push the bear-
ing to its stop with the shielded side facing the
outside
- Refit the ball bearing stop ring
Specific tooIing
020151Y Air heater "METABO HG 1500/2"
020376Y HandIe for punches
020357Y 32 x 35 mm adaptor
020412Y 15 mm guide
- Using the specific tool, insert the roller case and
move it to travel end
- Replace the oil guard on the roller bearing side
- Apply grease between ball and roller bearings
Specific tooIing
LX 150 4T USA Suspensions
SUSP - 3
020038y Drift
Recommended products
JOTA 3 FS Speedometer transmission
Lithium soap grease NLGÌ 33
Refitting the front wheeI
- Reassembly, tighten the five screws to the pre-
scribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Nut tightening torque 20 ÷ 25 N·m
HandIebar
RemovaI
- Before proceeding, remove the handlebar fair-
ing.
- After detaching flexible transmission cables and
disconnecting electrical terminals, loosen the
clamp securing the handlebar to the steering tube
- Check all components and replace any dam-
aged or defective parts.
N.B.
IF YOU ARE REMOVING THE HANDLEBAR ONLY
SO THAT YOU CAN THEN REMOVE THE STEERING
ASSEMBLY, SIMPLY ALLOW THE HANDLEBAR TO
TIP OVER THE FRONT OF THE SCOOTER, TAKING
CARE THAT FLEXIBLE TRANSMISSION CABLES
ARE NOT DAMAGED.
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 4
Refitting
Follow the operations for removal in reverse, ob-
serving the prescribed tightening torques.
Locking torques (N*m)
HandIebar fastening screw 45 ÷ 50 N·m
Steering coIumn
RemovaI
After removing the top seat, tilt the vehicle on a
side and extract the steering tube with fork.
Specific tooIing
020055Y Steering tube ring nut spanner
OverhauI
- Use the tool equipped with parts 3 and 4 and
turn the tool handle until the washers are wedged
into the trailing link.
- Remove spacers, part 17, and pack the clear-
ance between the steering tube and the trailing
link with grease. Now slide the dust seals into po-
sition.
* Supplied with the tool
N.B.
THE LOWER SEAT ON THE STEERING COLUMN
TUBE MUST BE MOUNTED WITH THE HELP OF A
LX 150 4T USA Suspensions
SUSP - 5
CROP END WITH AN APPROPRIATE DIAMETER.
Specific tooIing
020021y Front suspension overhauI kit
001330Y Steering seat instaIIer, to be fitted
with parts: 001330Y009-For Iower seat,
001330Y013-For upper seat
Recommended products
ZETA 2 Grease for steering wheeI bearings
and pin seats
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLG12
-Lubricate the oil seals with mineral oil and half-fill
the needle bearings with grease.
-Fit the oil seal and the needle bearing on the pin,
complete with retaining washer.
-Remove the special tool and then remove part 5
(guide) which was partially expelled in the previ-
ous assembly step. Leave part 4* mounted on the
tool.
-Remove part 3 from the tool and replace it with
part 16*.
-Turn the tool handle to insert the retaining wash-
er - needle bearing - seal ring assy. until part 16
comes into contact with the trailing link.
- To fit the second retaining washer - needle bear-
ing - seal ring assy. repeat the above operation
with the tool on the opposite side to that shown in
the figure, still equipped with part 16 and with part
22* instead of part 4.
* supplied with the tool
Specific tooIing
020021y Front suspension overhauI kit
Recommended products
ZETA 2 Grease for steering wheeI bearings
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 6
and pin seats
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLG12
- Fit the two dust seals «C» on the trailing link as
shown in detail «A».
- Connect the trailing link to the steering tube by
means of guide pin 5*.
- Apply the special tool equipped with part 3* on
the shaft and part 4* at the bottom.
- Smear Z2 grease on the pin and insert it into the
trailing link and turn the tool handle until part 3
locates against the steering tube.
- After fitting the pin, insert the two spacers, part
17*, by tapping lightly with a mallet (see following
figure).
* supplied with the tool
Specific tooIing
020021y Front suspension overhauI kit
Recommended products
ZETA 2 Grease for steering wheeI bearings
and pin seats
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLG12
-Use the special tool equipped with parts 20* and
21* as shown in the figure.
-Turn the handle to force the base of the needle
bearings into contact with the end of the pin.
- Apply the special tool fitted with part 1* and turn
LX 150 4T USA Suspensions
SUSP - 7
the handle until both the pin and the needle bear-
ing opposing the force exerted by the tool are ex-
pelled at the same time.
- To remove the second needle bearing, fit the
tool with part 2* working from the side opposite to
the one shown in the figure.
* supplied with the tool
Specific tooIing
020021y Front suspension overhauI kit
- Overhauling the front suspension serves to renew the parts connecting the steering tube and the
trailing link. This operation is only effective if both steering tube and trailing link are in perfect condi-
tion.
- Crush the retaining washer and remove it by
means of a punch.
- Repeat the operation for the second washer us-
ing the punch on the opposite side to the one
shown in the figure.
A = Punch Ø12
B = Sharp edge end
Refitting
CAUTION
REASSEMBLE WITH NEW ROLLER BEARINGS, PIN, OIL SEALS AND DUST SEALS.
When assembling the steering tube apply the re-
commended grease on the steering fifth wheel.
Tighten lower ring nut "A" and upper ring nut "B"
to the prescribed torque.
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 8
Recommended products
TUTELA ZETA 2 Grease for steering, seats of
pin and swing arm
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLG12
Locking torques (N*m)
Steering Iower ring nut 8 ÷ 10 Steering upper
ring nut 35 ÷ 40
Front shock absorber
RemovaI
- Remove the steering tube
- Remove the shock absorber bottom fixing
screws
- Remove the top shock absorber attachments
LX 150 4T USA Suspensions
SUSP - 9
Refitting
- For re-assembly, perform the operations for removal in the reverse order according to the tightening
torques.
Locking torques (N*m)
Shock absorber top fixing 20 - 27 Nm Shock absorber bottom fixing 20 - 30 Nm
Shock-absorber - caIIiper bracket
RemovaI
- Remove the wheel hub with the brake disc
- Remove the front shock absorber bottom fixing
screws
- Remove the bracket lock snap ring
- Extract the bracket
- Before replacing the bracket into the wheel axle,
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 10
place the o-ring as shown in the figure in order to
have a proper positioning of the same after the in-
stallation of the bracket.
- Replace the washer and the snap ring
- Replace the screws fixing the shock absorber to
the bracket and tighten at the prescribed torque
Locking torques (N*m)
Shock absorber bottom fixing 20 ÷ 27 Nm
OverhauI
- The caliper - shock absorber fixing bracket is
provided with two roller bearings spaced from one
another as shown in the figure
- Remove the two roller bearings from the bracket
using the specific tool from the shock absorber
coupling side, as shown in the figure
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020441y 26 x 28 mm adapter
020365y 22 mm guide
- Remove the oil guard on the wheel hub side us-
ing a screwdriver as shown in the figure
LX 150 4T USA Suspensions
SUSP - 11
- Suitably support the shock absorber - brake cal-
iper bracket
- Using the specific tool, install a new oil guard
and move it to travel end
Specific tooIing
020376Y HandIe for punches
020360Y 52 x 55 mm adaptor
- Using the specific tool, install a new roller bear-
ing on the shock absorber side and move it to
travel end
Specific tooIing
020036y Drift
- Suitably support the shock absorber - brake cal-
iper bracket
- Using the specific tool, install a new oil guard
and move it to travel end
Specific tooIing
020037y Drift
Refitting
- Using a suitable drift, drive out the two needle
bearings from the side opposite to the assembly
side.
CAUTION
BEFORE REFITTING, USE GREASE IN THE AREAS
MARKED WITH AN ASTERISK.
Specific tooIing
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 12
020036y Drift
020037y Drift
Recommended products
ZETA 2 Grease for steering wheeI bearings
and pin seats
Lithium soap and zinc oxide grease NLG12
Steering bearing
RemovaI
- Use the special tool to remove the lower race of the top bearing and the upper race of the bottom
bearing from the frame.
N.B.
THE LOWER BEARING RACE CAN BE PRISED OFF BY LEVERING IT WITH A SCREWDRIVER OR SIMIL-
AR.
Specific tooIing
020004Y Drift for removing thrust rings from steering head tube
- Using the specific tool, remove the fifth wheel
seat and the dust guard on the steering tube as
shown in the figure. Proceed by slightly hitting
with a mallet.
Specific tooIing
020004Y Drift for removing thrust rings from
steering head tube
- Using the specific tool, replace the dust guard
and the fifth wheel seat on the steering tube to
abutment.
Specific tooIing
006029y Drift for fitting thrust ring seats on
steering tube
LX 150 4T USA Suspensions
SUSP - 13
Rear
Removing the rear wheeI
- Straighten the split pin and remove.
- Remove the central nut as shown in the figure.
Refitting the rear wheeI
- Fit the wheel and tighten the central nut to the
prescribed torque.
- Fit the nut cap and insert the split pin, peening
over the ends as shown in the figure.
Locking torques (N*m)
Tightening torque 137 ÷ 152 N·m
Swing-arm
RemovaI
To remove the swing-arm, loosen the three fix-
ings shown in the picture.
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 14
Refitting
Upon refitting, tighten to the prescribed torque
Locking torques (N*m)
Component C 33 ÷ 41 Component B 44 ÷ 52
Component A 33 ÷ 41
Shock absorbers
RemovaI
LX 150 4T USA Suspensions
SUSP - 15
- To replace the shock absorber, it is necessary to
remove the the battery access door, in order to
gain access to the nut fixing the shock-absorber
to the frame. Then, remove the bolt fixing the
shock-absorber to the engine.
- Upon refitting, tighten the nut securing the
shock-absorber to the frame, and the bolt fixing it
to the engine, to the prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Shock absorber/engine pivot pin 33 ÷ 41 N·m
Shock absorber/frame nut 20 ÷ 25 N·m
Suspensions LX 150 4T USA
SUSP - 16
INDEX OF TOPICS
BRAKING SYSTEM BRAK SYS
Front brake caIIiper
RemovaI
- Remove the front wheel.
- Remove the stop of the brake pad pin.
- Using a pin partially remove the brake pad pin.
- Remove the two screws attaching the brake cal-
liper to the chassis and then remove the brake
calliper with hose.
- Complete the extraction of the brake pad pin,
spring and pads.
N.B.
IF THE BRAKE CALLIPERS NEED TO BE RE-
PLACED OR OVERHAULED, BEFORE REMOVING
THE SCREWS ATTACHING THE CALLIPER TO THE
SUPPORT BRACKET, FIRST LOOSEN THE OIL
COUPLING SET SCREW.
Braking system LX 150 4T USA
BRAK SYS - 2
OverhauI
- Remove the front brake calliper
- Adequately support the brake calliper in a clamp
- Remove the two calliper coupling screws as in-
dicated in the photo
- Remove the two pistons of the calliper body us-
ing small jets of compressed air through the hole
for adding brake fluid
- Remove the dust seal ring and seal ring for each
calliper half. - Remove the two seal rings of the
calliper half
N.B.
DO NOT SCRATCH THE HALF-CALIPER SEATS
WHILE REMOVING THE RINGS.
- Make sure there are no scratches on the pistons
and related seats, if so replace them.
- Wash and carefully dry all the components
- Fit new seal and dust seal rings
- Refit the pistons in their seats making sure to
lubricate them with brake fluid
- Rejoin the two calliper halves and lock the two
screws to the prescribed torque
Locking torques (N*m)
CaIiper coupIing screws 22 ÷ 27 Nm
Refitting
LX 150 4T USA Braking system
BRAK SYS - 3
- Ìnsert the brake pads in the calliper
- Ìnsert the pad set pin and spring making sure to
position the end of it towards the bleed screw as
indicated in the photo.
- Ìnsert the stop of the brake pad pin.
N.B.
A WRONG POSITIONING OF THE PADS ACCORD-
ING TO THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION CAN IM-
PAIR THE BRAKE PERFORMANCE AND NOISE-
LESSNESS.
Keeping the pads in contact with the pistons in-
sert the calliper in the brake disc.
- Secure the calliper to the fork using the two
screws with plastic washer to the prescribed
torque as indicated in the photo
- Secure the brake hose coupling to the calliper and tighten to the prescribed torque.
- Bleed the system and refit the front wheel
Locking torques (N*m)
Brake caIiper support fixing screws 20 ÷ 25 Nm Brake pipe union: 20÷25 N·m
Braking system LX 150 4T USA
BRAK SYS - 4
Front brake disc
RemovaI
- Remove the front wheel
- Remove the front brake calliper
- Remove the hub with the disc using the wheel
axle nut
- Adequately support the hub with the disc and
use the five screws shown in the photo to remove
the brake disc
Refitting
- Carry out the operations in the reverse order
from disassembly making sure to respect the ro-
tation direction of the disc indicated by an arrow
on the disc
- Lock the 5 screws to the prescribed torque
Locking torques (N*m)
Brake disc screws: 6 +0,5 -1 Nm
Disc Inspection
- Remove the front wheel
- Using a micrometer, check the disc thickness as
shown in the figure.
LX 150 4T USA Braking system
BRAK SYS - 5
- Repeat the measurement in at least 6 points of
the disc
- Remove the front brake caliper
- To fix the specific tool, use a metal plate with
threaded hole M8 and secure it to one of the two
front brake caliper couplings
- Place the comparator on the disc outside edge
- Turn the wheel hub and check the disc deviation
Specific tooIing
020335Y Magnetic stand and comparator
Characteristic
Standard thickness:
4 +0,2 -0,2mm
Max admissibIe deviation:
0,1 mm
Front brake pads
RemovaI
- Remove the front wheel
- Remove the brake calliper
- Remove the protection cover, the pin and leaf
spring
- Extract the pads
- Check for any faults or deformation. Ìf there is
any replace them
- Make sure the friction material thickness is
greater than 1,5mm. Ìf not replace it
- Ìn addition the replacement must be made if
there are remaining greater thicknesses when the
pad has not worn uniformly. A difference in re-
maining friction material thickness of 0.5 mm is al-
lowed.
Braking system LX 150 4T USA
BRAK SYS - 6
Refitting
- Ìnsert the brake pads
- Ìnsert the set pin making sure to position the clip
with the ends of it towards the bleed screw as in-
dicated in the photo.
- Ìnsert the stop of the brake pad pin and then the
protection cover
- Secure the front brake calliper to the bracket
and lock the 2 screws to the prescribed torque.
CAUTION
BEFORE USING THE BRAKE, PULL THE LEVER
FOR A FEW TIMES.
Locking torques (N*m)
Rear brake caIiper fastening screws 20 ÷ 25
Nm
FiII
Front
- Remove the rubber cap from the bleed screw.
- Ìnsert a rubber tube in the bleed screw to recov-
er the brake fluid.
- Use the right brake lever to load and pressurize
the system.
- Keeping the right lever pulled loosen the bleed
screw to let the air out of the system. Then tighten
the bleed screw
- Release the brake lever
- Repeat the operation until only brake fluid comes out of the rubber tube.
- Remove the tube and put the rubber cap from the bleed screw back on.
- Top up the level of the brake fluid in the reservoir. Ìf necessary bleeding can be carried out using a
LX 150 4T USA Braking system
BRAK SYS - 7
specific vacuum pump
N.B.
DURING THE BLEED PROCEDURE, CHECK THE FLUID LEVEL IN THE MASTER CYLINDER RESERVOIR
FREQUENTLY TO PREVENT THE RISK OF AIR ENTERING THE CIRCUIT THROUGH THE MASTER CYL-
INDER.
N.B.
DURING BLEEDING, AVOID ANY CONTACT BETWEEN THE BRAKE FLUID AND THE BODY TO PRE-
VENT DAMAGES. ALSO, WHILE BLEEDING THE BRAKE CALIPER AVOID ANY CONTACT BETWEEN
THE FLUID AND THE BRAKE DISCS OR PADS. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS PRECAUTION AFFECTS
THE BRAKING SYSTEM PERFORMANCE.
Specific tooIing
020329Y Pump MITYVAC
Locking torques (N*m)
System bIeed caIiper union: 20 ÷ 25 Nm
Brake fIuid IeveI check
Proceed as follows:
- Rest the vehicle onto its centre-stand and align
the handlebars;
- Check the liquid level through the inspection
hole «A».
A certain decrease in the liquid level is due to the
wear of the pads.
Front brake pump
- After removing the front and rear handlebar cover remove the two U clamp fixing screws (see fig-
ure).
- Disconnect the brake tube and allow the brake fluid to flow into a receptacle.
- When refitting, follow the operations in the re-
verse order.
- Tighten the hose to the prescribed torque and
bleed the system.
Locking torques (N*m)
OiI pump-hose joint 16÷20 N·m
Braking system LX 150 4T USA
BRAK SYS - 8
RemovaI
- Remove the front and rear handlebar cover
- Remove the two screws securing the brake
pump to the handlebars as shown in the photo
- Remove the oil hose coupling from the pump
- Remove the brake light switch connector
OverhauI
Proceed as follows:
1) remove the brake lever releasing the fixing screw; open the cover (2) and recover the membrane
(3);
2) unscrew the cap (4) and extract the internal components in a sequence;
3) check that:
- the pump body exhibits no internal scratches or corrosion;
- the piston exhibits no abnormal wear or scratches;
the piston return spring is in good working order.
LX 150 4T USA Braking system
BRAK SYS - 9
CAUTION
ANY TIME THE PUMP IS OVERHAULED, ALL SEALING COMPONENTS MUST BE REPLACED.
1. Tank cap screw.
2. Tank cap.
3. Membrane.
4. Bellows.
5. Sealing ring.
6. Piston.
7. Gasket.
8. Spring.
9. Tank
Refitting
For re-assembly, perform the operations for removal in the reverse order according to the tightening
torques.
Locking torques (N*m)
OiI piping union to pump: 20÷25 Screws fixing the brake pump to the handIebar: 7 ÷ 10 Nm
Rear drum brake
Braking system LX 150 4T USA
BRAK SYS - 10
After removing the muffler and wheel proceed as
follows:
1.Remove the shoe spring using the specific pli-
ers.
2.Remove the shoes using a lever.
3.Fit the new shoes using a mallet and hitting
lightly.
4.Hook the spring using the specific pliers.
Specific tooIing
020325y PIiers for brake-shoe springs
LX 150 4T USA Braking system
BRAK SYS - 11
Braking system LX 150 4T USA
BRAK SYS - 12
INDEX OF TOPICS
CHASSIS CHAS
Rear handIebar cover
Remove the handlebar rear fairing after loosening
the screws as shown in the figure.
Instrument paneI
To replace the instrument panel, loosen the 4
screws shown in the figure.
Front handIebar cover
· Remove the 2 screws in the handlebar fairing
and the screw under the headlight.
· Pull up to release the handlebar fairing and dis-
connect the headlight connections
Chassis LX 150 4T USA
CHAS - 2
HeadIight assy.
After removing the front handlebar cover, remove
the 4 screws shown in the figure and remove the
headlight.
Knee-guard
- Loosen the two screws located under the front
grille (see figure).
- Open the glove compartment door and remove
the three screws located inside (see figure).
LX 150 4T USA Chassis
CHAS - 3
Footrest
- Loosen the three screws shown in the figure
after removing the glove compartment and the
side fairings.
Air fiIter
- Remove the helmet bay.
- After removing the side fairing, loosen the 2
screws shown in the figure and fixing the air-box
to the engine.
- Remove the two clamps shown in the figure.
Front mudguard
- To remove the front mudguard, remove the
steering tube and release the front brake piping
from the caliper
- Then, remove the three attachments fixing the
mudguard to the steering tube as shown in the
Chassis LX 150 4T USA
CHAS - 4
figure
Front centraI cover
- Remove the «PÌAGGÌO» logo
- Release the screw shown in the figure
- Remove the radiator grill
LX 150 4T USA Chassis
CHAS - 5
Chassis LX 150 4T USA
CHAS - 6
INDEX OF TOPICS
PRE-DELIVERY PRE DE
Aesthetic inspection
PredeIivery checks:
- Paintwork
- Mating of plastics
- Scratches
- Dirt
Tightening torques inspection
Locks Inspection
- Safety locks
- Fixing screws
Safety Iocks:
Rear shock absorber top tightening
Rear shock absorber bottom tightening
Front wheel axle nut
Wheel hub nut
Oscillating arm pin - Chassis
Oscillating arm pin - Engine
Chassis arm-engine arm pin
Handlebar locking nut
Steering wheel lower ring nut
Steering wheel upper ring nut
EIectricaI system
Electrical system:
- Main switch
- Headlight: high-beam, low-beam, sidelight, and relevant warning lights
- Headlight adjustment as per statutory regulations
- Taillight, stop light
- Front and rear stop light switches
Pre-delivery LX 150 4T USA
PRE DE - 2
- Turn signals and relevant warning lights
- Dashboard light
- Gauges: fuel gauge
- Dashboard warning lights
- Horn
- Choke
CAUTION
TO ENSURE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE, THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED BEFORE USE. INAD-
EQUATE CHARGING OF THE BATTERY BEFORE IT IS FIRST USED WITH A LOW LEVEL OF THE ELEC-
TROLYTE SHORTENS THE LIFE OF THE BATTERY.
WARNING
BEFORE RECHARGING THE BATTERY, REMOVE THE PLUGS OF EACH ELEMENT.
KEEP SPARKS AND FREE FLAMES AWAY FROM THE BATTERY WHILE RECHARGING.
REMOVE THE BATTERY FROM THE VEHICLE DISCONNECTING THE NEGATIVE TERMINAL
FIRST.
CAUTION
WHEN INSTALLING THE BATTERY, FIRST FIX THE POSITIVE CABLE AND THEN THE NEGATIVE
CABLE.
WARNING
THE BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS POISONOUS AND CAUSES SEVERE BURNS AS IT CON-
TAINS SULPHURIC ACID. AVOID CONTACT WITH THE EYES, THE SKIN AND CLOTHING.
IN CASE OF CONTACT WITH THE EYES OR THE SKIN, RINSE GENEROUSLY WITH WATER
FOR ABOUT 15 MINUTES AND IMMEDIATELY SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION.
IN CASE OF INGESTION, IMMEDIATELY DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER OR VEGET-
ABLE OIL. IMMEDIATELY SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION.
BATTERIES PRODUCE EXPLOSIVE GASES. KEEP THEM AWAY FROM OPEN FLAMES,
SPARKS AND CIGARETTES. IF THE BATTERY IS CHARGED IN A CLOSED PLACE, TAKE
CARE TO ENSURE ADEQUATE VENTILATION. ALWAYS PROTECT THE EYES WHEN WORK-
ING CLOSE TO BATTERIES.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
CAUTION
NEVER USE FUSES HAVING A HIGHER RATING THAN RECOMMENDED. USING A FUSE OF UNSUIT-
ABLE RATING MAY SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE VEHICLE OR EVEN CAUSE A FIRE.
LeveIs check
Check the following levels:
- Hydraulic brake system fluid.
- Rear hub oil
- Engine oil
LX 150 4T USA Pre-delivery
PRE DE - 3
Road test
Road test:
- Cold starting
- Operation of instruments
- Operation of throttle control
- Stability during acceleration and braking
- Operation of front and rear brakes
- Operation of front and rear suspensions
- Abnormal noise from vehicle
Static test
Static inspection after test on the road:
- Hot start
- Starter operation
- Ìdel speed hold (by turning the handlebar)
- Even steering wheel rotation
- Leaks, if any
CAUTION
CHECK THE INFLATING PRESSURES WHEN THE TYRES ARE AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.
CAUTION
NOT EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED INFLATING PRESSURES AS THE TYRES MAY BURST.
FunctionaI inspection
Functional Check:
Braking system (hydraulic)
- Lever stroke
Braking system (mechanical)
- Lever stroke
Clutch
- Proper performance check
Engine
- Gas control stroke check Miscellaneous
- Document check
- Check of chassis no. and engine no.
Pre-delivery LX 150 4T USA
PRE DE - 4
- Ancillary tools
- Plate assembly
- Check of locks
- Tyre pressure check
- Ìnstallation of rear-view mirrors and optional fixtures
LX 150 4T USA Pre-delivery
PRE DE - 5
Pre-delivery LX 150 4T USA
PRE DE - 6
INDEX OF TOPICS
TIME TIME
Engine
ENGINE
Code Action Duration
1 001001 Engine to frame - Disas-
sembly and reassembly
Crankcase
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 2
CRANKCASE
Code Action Duration
1 001133 Engine crankcase - Replace-
ment
2 001153 Half crankcase gasket - Re-
placement
3 002031 Rear wheel hub bearings -
Replacement
Crankshaft
DRIVING SHAFT
Code Action Duration
1 001117 Driving shaft - Replacement
2 001099 Oil seal, flywheel side - Re-
placement
CyIinder assy.
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 3
PISTON CYLINDER
Code Action Duration
1 001002 Piston cylinder - Replace-
ment
2 001107 Cylinder, piston - Overhaul/
Cleaning
CyIinder head assy.
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 4
HEAD
Code Action Duration
1 001045 Valves - Replacement
2 001056 Head gasket - Replacement
3 001126 Head - Replacement
Rocker arms support assy.
ROCKER ARMS SUPPORT ASSY.
Code Action Duration
1 001044 Camshaft - Replacement
2 001148 Valve rockers - Replacement
3 001049 Valves - Adjustment
CyIinder head cover
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 5
HEAD COVER
Code Action Duration
1 001089 Head cover - Replacement
2 001088 Head cover gasket - Re-
placement
3 001159 Oil vapours recovery bowl -
Overhaul
4 001093 Spark plug - Replacement
5 001097 Cooling case - Replacement
6 001091 Head cover oil seal ring
7 001074 Oil vapour recovery pipe -
Replacement
Chain tensioner
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 6
CHAIN TIGHTENER
Code Action Duration
1 001129 Chain tightener - Replace-
ment
2 001124 Lubrication by pass - Re-
placement
OiI fiIter
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 7
OIL FILTER
Code Action Duration
1 001123 Oil filter - Replacement
2 001160 Oil pressure sensor - Re-
placement
3 003064 Engine oil - Replacement
4 001102 Oil net-filter - Replacement /
Cleaning
FIywheeI cover
FLYWHEEL COVER
Code Action Duration
1 001087 Flywheel cover - Replace-
ment
2 001163 Secondary air-exhaust mani-
fold - Replacement
3 001161 Secondary air filter- Replace-
ment / Cleaning
4 001174 SAS valve - Replacement
5 001164 Secondary air-crankcase
manifold - Replacement
Driven puIIey
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 8
DRIVEN PULLEY - CLUTCH
Code Action Duration
1 001155 Clutch bell housing - Re-
placement
2 001022 Clutch - Replacement
3 001012 Driven pulley - Overhaul
4 001110 Driven pulley - Replacement
OiI pump
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 9
OIL PUMP
Code Action Duration
1 001051 Belt/Timing chain - Replace-
ment
2 001125 Chain guide pads - Replace-
ment
3 001042 Oil pump - Overhaul
4 001112 Oil pump - Replacement
5 001130 Oil sump - Replacement
6 001100 Oil seal clutch side - Re-
placement
7 001122 Oil pump chain - Replace-
ment
FinaI gear assy.
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 10
REDUCTION GEAR
Code Action Duration
1 004125 Rear wheel axle - Replace-
ment
2 001156 Geared reduction unit cover -
Replacement
3 003065 Gearcase oil - Replacement
4 001010 Reduction gear - Overhaul
Driving puIIey
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 11
DRIVING PULLEY
Code Action Duration
1 001066 Driving pulley - Disassembly
and reassembly
2 001086 Driving half pulley - Replace-
ment
3 001177 Variator rollers / slides - Re-
placement
4 001011 Driving belt - Replacement
Transmission cover
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 12
TRANSMISSION COVER
Code Action Duration
1 001096 Transmission casing cover -
Replacement
2 001135 Transmission cover bearing -
Replacement
3 001065 Ìnternal transmission cover -
Removal and refitting
Starter motor
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 13
ELECTRIC START
Code Action Duration
1 001020 Starter engine - Replace-
ment
2 005045 Starting motor cables - Re-
placement
3 001017 Starter pinion - Replacement
4 001021 Kick starter - Overhaul
5 008008 Starting sector spring - Re-
placement
6 001084 Starting lever - Replacement
FIywheeI magneto
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 14
FLYWHEEL - FAN
Code Action Duration
1 001109 Cooling fan - Replacement
2 001173 Rotor - Replacement
3 001067 Stator - Disassembly and re-
assembly
4 001058 Flywheel - Replacement
BeIt cooIing duct
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 15
BELT COOLING PIPE
Code Action Duration
1 001170 Cooling air duct - Replace-
ment
2 001132 Transmission air intake tube
- Replacement
3 001131 Transmission air inlet - Re-
placement
Carburettor
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 16
CARBURETTOR
Code Action Duration
1 001082 Carburettor heating resistor -
Replacement
2 001013 Ìntake hose - Replacement
3 004122 Carburettor-filter bellow - Re-
placement
4 001081 Automatic starter device -
Replacement
5 001008 Carburettor - Overhaul
6 001063 Carburettor - Replacement
Exhaust pipe
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 17
MUFFLER
Code Action Duration
1 001009 Exhaust pipe - Replacement
2 001136 Exhaust emissions - Adjust-
ment
3 001095 Silencer guard - Replace-
ment
Air cIeaner
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 18
AIR FILTER
Code Action Duration
1 004122 Carburettor filter manifold -
Replacement
2 001014 Air Filter - Replacement/Clean-
ing
3 001015 Air filter box - Replacement
Frame
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 19
CHASSIS
Code Action Duration
1 004001 Chassis - Replacement
2 004023 Front shield beading - Re-
placement
3 004149 Front shield cover - Replace-
ment
4 004159 Plates / Stickers - Replace-
ment
5 004012 Posterior flanks - Substitution
6 004059 Spark plug inspection flap -
Replacement
Centre-stand
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 20
STAND
Code Action Duration
1 001053 Stand pin - Replacement
2 004004 Stand - Replacement
Footrests
FOOTREST
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 21
Code Action Duration
1 004178 Footrest - Replacement
2 004078 Front/rear footboard rubber. -
Replacement
Rear cover
KNEE-GUARD
Code Action Duration
1 004174 Glove-box remote opening
linkage - Replacement
2 004065 Knee-guard - Removal and
refitting
3 004081 Glove comparment door -
Replacement
4 004082 Trunk gasket - Replacement
Underseat compartment
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 22
UNDERSEAT COMPARTMENT
Code Action Duration
1 005046 Battery cover - Replacement
2 004016 Helmet compartment - Disas-
sembly and reass
3 001027 Filter bellow - Replacement
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 23
UNDERSEAT
Code Action Duration
1 004016 Helmet compartment - Re-
placement
2 005046 Battery cover - Replacement
3 004011 Chassis central cover - Re-
placement
4 004071 Battery compartment - Re-
placement
PIate hoIder
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 24
SUPPORT PLATE
Code Action Duration
1 004136 License plate holder - Re-
placement
2 005048 Number plate holder - Re-
placement
3 005032 Number plate light cover -
Replacement
Mudguard
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 25
MUDGUARDS
Code Action Duration
1 004002 Front mudguard - Replace-
ment
2 004009 Rear mudguard - Replace-
ment
FueI tank
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 26
FUEL TANK
Code Action Duration
1 004168 Fuel filler cap - Replacement
2 005010 Tank float - Replacement
3 004112 Cock-carburettor pipe - Re-
placement
4 004005 Fuel tank - Replacement
5 004007 Mixture cock - Replacement
6 004109 Fuel tank breather - Replace-
ment
Rear shock-absorber
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 27
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
Code Action Duration
1 003007 Rear shock absorber - Disas-
sembly and reassembly
Steering coIumn bearings
STEERING COLUMN BEARINGS
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 28
Code Action Duration
1 003002 Steering fifth wheels - Re-
placement
2 003073 Steering play - Adjustment
3 004119 Bearing / Upper steering
bearing - Replacement
HandIebar covers
SPEEDOMETER - HANDLEBAR COVERS
Code Action Duration
1 004018 Handlebar front part - Re-
placement
2 004019 Handlebar rear part - Re-
placement
3 005054 Speedometer - Replacement
4 005038 Dashboard warning lights -
Replacement
5 005078 Odometer plastic cover - Re-
placement
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 29
HandIebar components
HANDLEBAR COMPONENTS
Code Action Duration
1 004066 Rearview mirrors - Replace-
ment
2 002037 Complete gas control - Re-
placement
3 002071 Left knob - Replacement
4 003001 Handlebar - Disassembly
and reassembly
5 005017 Stop light switch - Replace-
ment
6 002024 Brake pump - Removal and
reinstallation
7 003061 Accelerator transmission -
Adjustment
8 002060 Complete gas control - Re-
placement
9 004162 Mirror U-bolt and/or brake
pump fitting - Replacement
10 002059 Right knob - Replacement
11 002063 Gas control transmission -
Replacement
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 30
Swing-arm
SWINGING ARM
Code Action Duration
1 001072 Engine-frame connection
swing arm - Replacement
Seat
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 31
SADDLE
Code Action Duration
1 004003 Saddle - Replacement
2 004131 Rear rack mounting bracket -
Replacement
Turn signaI Iights
TURN SIGNAL LIGHTS
Code Action Duration
1 005002 Headlight - Replacement
2 005012 Front turn signal light - Re-
placement
3 005067 Front direction indicator bulb
- Replacement
4 005008 Front headlights - Replace-
ment
5 005005 Rear light - Replacement
6 005066 Rear light bulbs - Replace-
ment
7 005022 Rear turn signal light - Re-
placement
8 005068 Rear turn indicator bulb - Re-
placement
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 32
Front wheeI
FRONT WHEEL
Code Action Duration
1 004123 Front wheel - Replacement
2 003047 Front tyre - Replacement
3 003037 Front wheel rim - Replace-
ment
4 003033 Front wheel hub - Replace-
ment
5 002041 Brake disc - Replacement
6 003034 Front wheel hub bearings -
Replacement
Rear wheeI
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 33
REAR WHEEL
Code Action Duration
1 004126 Rear tyre - Replacement
2 001071 Rear wheel rim - Removal
and refitting
3 001016 Rear wheel - Replacement
4 002002 Rear brake shoes/pads - Re-
placement
EIectric devices
ELECTRIC COMPONENTS
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 34
Code Action Duration
1 005001 Electric circuit - Replacement
2 005011 Start-up remote control
switch - Replacement
3 005009 Voltage regulator - Replace-
ment
4 005007 Battery - Replacement
5 005052 Fuse (1) - Replacement
6 001023 Controller - Replacement
7 001094 Spark plug cap - Replace-
ment
8 001069 H.T. coil - Replacement
EIectronic controIs
ELECTRIC CONTROLS
Code Action Duration
1 005039 Light switch - Replacement
2 005006 Lights or flashlights switch -
Replacement
3 005040 Horn button - Replacement
4 005003 Electric horn - Replacement
5 005041 Starter button - Replacement
6 005016 Key switch - Replacement
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 35
Code Action Duration
7 004096 Locks series - Replacement
8 004010 Antitheft lock - Replacement
Transmissions
TRANSMISSIONS
Code Action Duration
1 002053 Rear brake transmissions as-
sembly - Replacement
2 002051 Odometer transmissions as-
sembly - Replacement
3 002049 Odometer cable - Replace-
ment
Front suspension
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 36
FRONT SUSPENSION
Code Action Duration
1 003045 Steering column - Replace-
ment
2 003010 Front suspension - - Revision
3 003035 Shock abs. and brake caliper
support - Replacement
4 001064 Speedometer gear - Re-
placement
5 003044 Shock absorber cover - Re-
placement
Braking system
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 37
BRAKING SYSTEM
Code Action Duration
1 002021 Front brake line - Replace-
ment
2 002007 Front brake shoes/pads - Re-
moval and refitting
3 002039 Front brake calliper - Remov-
al and refitting
4 002047 Front brake liquid and circuit
bleeding - Replacement
5 002002 Rear brake shoe - pad - Re-
placement
Secondary air box
Time LX 150 4T USA
TÌME - 38
SISTEMA ARIA SECONDARIA
Code Action Duration
1 001164 Crankcase secondary air
junction - Replacement
2 001161 Secondary air filter- Replace-
ment / Cleaning
3 001174 SAS valve - Replacement
4 001163 Exhaust secondary air junc-
tion - Replacement
LX 150 4T USA Time
TÌME - 39

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