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Parent Category: Business Category: Economics Created on Friday, 09 September 2011
Economic development of a country depends upon various factors such as its natural resources, capital goods and human resources.
Population Growth & Economic Development in Pakistan
Economic development of a country depends upon various factors such as its natural resources, capital goods and human resources. Human resources are of fundamental importance because without them, the natural resources of a country cannot be utilized reticently. Population plays a double role in the process of economic development in the third world countries. On one hand, it provides labor force for economic development; while on the other hand, it is a burden on natural resources and hampers economic growth. The population of Pakistan was 32.5 million in the former West Pakistan in 1972, 65.3 million in June 2004. Pakistan is one of those forty developing countries of the world whose population growth is 1.90% every year. It is the 9th most populous country in the world. The growth rate of
Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families. In the early 20th century. It is the only way by which population growth rate could be reduced and provision of basic needs can be guaranteed and through this way we can increase our economy and make our nation one of the greatest nations of the world. the government should adopt positive population control policies along with basic needs activities for development. health transport water scarcity and urbanization.the population is a focal point in the economic development of a country. Pakistan Total fertility rate Total fertility rate: 3. the growth rate of the population in Pakistan was only 0. Also. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population. We need to improve our labor efficiency to increase production and per capital income. in some situations.17 children born/woman (2011 est. Some economists suggest that population is a natural resource and it should be allowed to grow for economic development while others oppose this view and regard rapid growth of population a big obstacle to economic development. Keeping in view all these constraints we need to focus on the resources available in the country and device strategies to utilize them effectively so that everyone becomes productive. It kept on going up with the passage of time. education. This comprises of natural reduction of birth rate and adoption of basic need activities approach for development in a simple and feasible way. to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. This creates the problem of un-employment and under employment which in turn leads to a fall in national income. There are two conflict opinions among the economists. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining.86%. A greater percentage of scarce resources is diverted to meet the basic consumption needs of masses.) Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate. The growing population creates economics and social problem such as housing. It reduces per capital income because when national income is divided by a big population. resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. It was 1. since it refers to births per woman. it results in a decline in per capital income.10% in 1972 and 3% in June 2004. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. Therefore little capital is saved for investment and hence no investment can be made. Rates below two children indicate .
male and female.g.000 live births (2011 est.000 female children age one) Definition: Child mortality rate is the probability of dying between the exact ages of one and five. Pakistan Infant mortality rate Infant mortality rate: total: 63. female child (per 1. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force. 9. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.) Definition: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1.000 live births male: 66. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries.26 migrants/1.000 population). and deaths by sex.. Pakistan .g.000 live births female: 59.000 population).) Definition: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1.17 migrant(s)/1. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.populations decreasing in size and growing older. Pakistan migration rate Net migration rate: -2. 3.000. if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving). especially Western Europe. The probability is expressed as a rate per 1.000 live births in the same year.mortality rate Mortality rate. Center for Disease Control.85 deaths/1.. .000 population (2011 est. included is the total death rate. an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e. where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years. Reproductive Health Surveys by U. and Family Health Surveys by Pan Arab Project for Family Health.000 persons (based on midyear population).56 migrants/1. Multiple Indicators Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.26 deaths/1.52 deaths/1. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change.S. Source: Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.
Pakistan Per Capital Income GDP . roads). housing. and jobs. resources (e. also known as crude birth rate.) $2. Pakistan Population growth rate Population growth rate: 1.g. . schools. hospitals. childbirth. water. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries. The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy.400 (2009 est..) $2.000 population (2011 est. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth.g.000 live births (2008) Definition: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100. or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e. electricity).Pakistan Maternal mortality rate Maternal mortality rate: 260 deaths/100..573% (2011 est.400 (2008 est.000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes).000 persons in the population at midyear. irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. for a specified year.500 (2010 est.) Definition: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1.per capita (PPP): $2.81 births/1. Pakistan Natural Increase Natural Increase rate: 24.) Definition: The average annual percent change in the population. resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country.) note: data are in 2010 US dollars Definition: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. food. The rate may be positive or negative.
Pakistan Literacy rate Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 49. can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing.9% male: 63% female: 36% (2005 est. all rates are based on the most common definition .) Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population. while not a perfect measure of educational results. and females. Information on literacy.the ability to read and write at a specified age. Low levels of literacy and education in general. Unless otherwise specified. . is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. technology-driven world. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. males. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Fact book.
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