Chapter 16: Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following is generally found in most JIT environments? a.

a push or pull system, depending upon the rate of demand b. pull systems c. a push system for purchased parts and a pull system for manufactured parts d. push systems Which one of the following is not a benefit of the implementation of JIT? a. cost reduction b. variability increase c. work in process reduction d. quality improvement Which of the following is not a reason for variability? a. employees, machines, and suppliers produce units late b. customer demand is unknown c. employees, machines, and suppliers produce units that conform to standards d. engineering drawings are inaccurate The implementation of JIT offers several advantages, including a. work-in-process increases b. rework reduction c. decreased profit margins d. increase in variability to better respond to variable demand Which of the following illustrates an activity that does not add value? a. training employees b. ordering parts from a supplier c. making a part d. accumulating parts in front of the next work center Which of the following statements regarding a pull system is true? a. Large lots are pulled from upstream stations. b. Work is pulled to the downstream work stations before it is actually needed. c. Manufacturing cycle time is increased. d. Problems become more obvious. Manufacturing cycle time is best defined as the a. length of the work shift, expressed in minutes per day b. time it takes a unit to move from one workstation to the next c. time between the start of one unit and the start of the next unit d. sum of all the task times to make one unit of a product e. time from raw materials receipt to finished product exit Which one of the following is a characteristic of a JIT partnership? a. large number of suppliers b. maximal product specifications imposed on supplier c. active pursuit of vertical integration d. steady output rate e. frequent deliveries in large lot quantities

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

1

elimination of unnecessary activities b. . use only full trucks to minimize freight costs c. elimination of in-plant inventory c. low carrying costs d. suppliers increase production lot sizes in order to achieve economies of scale d. suppliers determine the quantities to be delivered based on their own production schedules Characteristics of JIT partnerships with respect to suppliers include a. 17. use of trains. large lot sizes Reduction of in-transit inventory can be encouraged through use of a. suppliers package in variable quantities to meet exactly the customers' production requirements c. elimination of unnecessary activities b. low-cost. elimination of in-plant inventory c. elimination of in-plant inventory b. supplier location near plants b. scheduling of inbound freight b. elimination of engineering changes A characteristic of JIT partnerships with respect to quality is to a. 11. 15. have 100% inspection of incoming parts c. impose maximum product specifications on the supplier Which of the following is not a goal of JIT partnerships? a. delivery to the point of use c. long-term contract agreements d. use company-owned or contract shipping to gain control b. buyer plant pursues vertical integration to reduce the number of suppliers c. use public transportation to minimize costs Which of the following is not a goal of JIT partnerships? a. not trucks 2 10. production with zero defects d. analysis to enable desirable suppliers to become/stay price competitive d. elimination of in-transit inventory d. an increase in release paperwork to obtain more detailed records c. all of the above are goals of JIT partnerships Which one of the following is a concern expressed by suppliers? a. elimination of poor suppliers e. help suppliers meet quality requirement b.9. global suppliers c. Characteristics of JIT partnerships with respect to quantities include a. 13. most suppliers at considerable distance from purchasing organization Characteristics of Just-in-time suppliers do not include a. 16. elimination of in-transit inventory d. use only air freight to speed up deliveries d. short-term contracts to ensure flexibility b. few suppliers A characteristic of JIT partnerships with respect to shipping is to a. 12. maintain a steady output rate d. competitive bidding encouraged b. 14.

customers' infrequent engineering changes Which of the following is not a JIT influence on layout design? a. manufacturing cycle time is shorter Level schedules a. The quantities in the containers are usually large to reduce setup costs. 22. work cells for families of products b. minimizing distance d. requires that schedules be met without variation b. distance reduction b. b. Which one of the following is not a concern expressed by suppliers? a. small lot sizes d. reduced space and inventory d. poka-yoke devices Which one of the following statements is true regarding JIT inventory? a. fewer setups c. little space for inventory e. supplier location near the JIT firm Just-in-time systems make demands on layouts. It is minimized with large lot production. including a. is known as "jelly bean" scheduling d. c. d. is based on meeting one day's demand with that day's production e. b. increased flexibility c. processes many small batches rather than one large one c. work-in-process inventory is smaller b. 3 . flexible employees e. e. The customer work station signals to the supplier work station when production is needed. proximity e. cross-trained. distance reduction b.18. desire for diversification b. all of the above are true regarding level scheduling Which one of the following statements is true about the Kanban system? a. increased flexibility c. c. 19. 25. Which of the following is not a benefit of small production lots? a. It hides variability. all of the above are JIT influences on layout Which one of the following is not a layout tactic in a JIT environment? a. poor customer scheduling c. d. It is associated with a push system. 23. 20. workstations can be placed closer together d. It exists just in case something goes wrong. 24. reduced space and inventory d. It increases if setup costs decrease. fixed equipment c. 21. It is the minimum inventory necessary to keep a perfect system running. It is useful to smooth operations when numerous quality problems occur.

is proud to announce that incoming goods are delivered directly to the point of use. reducing setup time c. "No one knows the job better than those who do it. 32. Unionization of the workplace brings better morale and therefore better quality. 28. Cheramie Trucking trains workers to specialize and become very efficient in one job. reduced space for inventory c. b. low setup time c. strong job specialization 27. UPS drivers are trained to perform several motions smoothly and efficiently. 31. signaling when it is time for the next batch b. one full day's production Which of the following is an illustration of employee empowerment? a. reducing batch size d. 30. Kanban is associated with all of the following except a. the ratio of the reorder point (ROP) to container size c. all of the above are JIT requirements Which one of the following does not exemplify JIT used for competitive advantage? a. lean inventories of food The number of kanbans is a. 4 . A supervisor tells the operators to stay busy and start producing parts for next month. Ardoyne Builders has a scheduled preventive maintenance program. the same as EOQ d. In the quest for competitive advantage. Inc. Ajax. which of the following is a JIT requirement? a. employee empowerment d. a kitchen set up to minimize wasteful movements d. food preparation in large batches c. Which one of the following is not a requirement of JIT systems? a. b. b. Acme Foods decides to decrease the number of its suppliers to just a few. 33. continuous improvement Which one of the following scenarios represents the use of a kanban to reduce inventories? a. card d. low inventory b. 34. 29. quality deliveries on time b. A "customer" work center signals to the "supplier" workstation that more parts are needed. quality by suppliers d. Which of the following JIT principles is(are) not ordinarily applicable in restaurants? a.26. c. d. close relationship with food suppliers b. d. one b. All of the above. reduced number of vendors b. increasing material handling The word "kanban" means a. A "supplier" work center signals to the downstream workstation that a batch has been completed. A supervisor signals to several work centers that the production rate should be changed. c. employee empowerment c." d. c.

21. 35. 23. 19. 16. 11. continuously work on reducing setup time Chapter 16: Multiple Choice Answers 36. Acme Company tells its maintenance department to intervene only if a machine breaks down. 34. 3. 8. Which of the following activities is not part of JIT? They a. Lafourche Metals increases the number of its suppliers to be less dependent on just a few. d a e c a e d e b b b e 25. has built a new. 12. 20. 32. use a pull system to move inventory d. 33. 29.. 18. 24. Inc. 36. 4. 15. b. 27. battery-operated bilge pumps. 26. c. Great Lakes Barge and Baggage Company manufactures. produce in long production runs to reduce the impact of setup costs c.35. b b c b d d e c b c b a 13. 28. Jones Company has decreased the number of job classifications to just a few. 31. 6. Which one of the following is an example of JIT being used for competitive advantage? a. 22. d d c d b b c d d d a b 5 . huge warehouse to store inventory. 5. d. 1. 14. 2. 9. 30. among other things. 7. 10. communicate their schedules to suppliers b. 17. Caro Specialty Metals.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful