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How to Draw Bolts & Nuts

# How to Draw Bolts & Nuts

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08/17/2013

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# The “NuTs aNd BolTs” of dRaWiNg BOLTS AND NUTS

On some assembly drawings it may be necessary to show a nut and bolt. Conventional drawing practice is to show the nuts and bolt heads in the across-corners position in all views.CONTENTS OF SLIDE SHOW: Slide # 3-4 5-6 7 8-12 12-13 Description Just the Facts Formulas & Calculations How to Draw Bolts & Nuts Hex Head Layout of Bolt and Nut Bolts and nuts aren’t normally drawn on detail drawings unless they are of a special size or have been modified. .

Both Inch and Metric Bolts are grouped according to their use. BOTH are drawn at 30° for simplicity. metric and inch series.JUST THE FACTS: American National Standard bolts and nuts. . Regular Inch Bolts – general service – square bolts only come in the regular type – hexagon bolts. and the square form is only produced in the inch series. are produced in the hexagon form. and hexagon heads and nuts are chamfered at 15-30°. screws and nuts and square nuts are standard in both types Heavy Inch Bolts – heavier service or easier wrenching Regular & Heavy Metric Bolts – general service High-Strength Metric Bolts & Nuts – for structural bolting Although square heads and nuts are chamfered at 30°.

Short bolts are typically available in standard length increments of ¼” (6mm). Unfinished bolts and nuts are not machined on any surface except for the threads. hexagon bolts and hexagon flat nuts are unfinished. heavy hexagon screws and all hexagon nuts. are considered finished to some degree and are characterized by a “washer face” machined or otherwise formed on the bearing surface. . and its diameter is equal to 1 ½ times the body diameter D for the inch series.5mm thick (drawn 1mm) and its diameter is equal to 1 ½ times the body diameter D.Square bolts and nuts. except hexagon flat nuts. the “washer face is approximately 0. In Metric. Hexagon cap screws. The washer face is 1/64” thick (drawn 1/32”). Lengths of bolts haven’t been standardized because of the endless variety required by industry. while long bolts come increments of ½ to 1” (12 to 25mm).

Formulas for exact or “close” approximations of bolts & nuts sizes based on diameter D of the bolt body for drawing purposes: REGULAR HEXAGON & SQUARE BOLTS & NUTS: W=1½D H = 2/3 D T = 7/8 D W = width across flats. . H = head height and T = nut height HEAVY HEXAGON BOLTS & NUTS & SQUARE NUTS: W = 1 ½ D + 1/8” (or + 3 mm) H = 2/3 D T=D The washer face is ALWAYS included in the head or nut height for finished hexagon screw heads and nuts.

. there are charts and tables available in some instances for more precise dimensioning in more detailed drawings.Thread Length Calculations: Bolts or Screws up to 6” (150mm) in length Thread length = 2D + ¼” (or +6mm) Bolts or Screws over 6” in length Thread length = 2D + ½” (or +12mm) These formulas can be used to “approximate” bolt sizes for drawing purposes. However.

In the examples.How to Draw Hex Head Bolts & Nuts The following slides will layout the “how to” as to drawing bolts and nuts.875”) – 9UNC Hex Head Bolt . we will use a 7/8” (.

58275 ≈ .603 ≈ 5/8” The thickness or height of the bolt head can be determined. .875 = .666 * . let’s set up the hex head for the bolt. . Extend the bolt centerline so as to layout the head of the bolt in a top view.Once you’ve drawn the bolt diameter and established the centerline. by using : 2/3 * Dia. of the Bolt.

3125 = the dia.875 = 1.1 ½ * Dia of the Bolt = 1 ½ * .3125 1. . of the circle to be used to circumscribe the 6-sided polygon around. Use construction lines to determine the corners of the bolt head in the front view.

Remember: Generally bolt heads and nuts should be drawn “across corners” in all views. Centerpoint .

Horizontal line thru endpoints of original arc. .

draw construction lines down the length of the bolt.When you get rid of your construction lines. . now you’ve got the head of the bolt drawn let’s move on to the threads and the nut. your finished Hex Head will look like the one at left. Using the Hex Head of the bolt. Okay. These will be used for drawing the nut.

7656 ≈ ¾ This gives us the approximate thickness of the nut as being ¾” Using the same steps as when drawing the hex head. . offset the line up from the bottom of the bolt.875 = . you can now draw in the nut at the lower end of the bolt.From the bottom of the bolt and using and arbitrary dimension of ¼”. and using the formula: 7/8 * D = . From that line.875 & .

and Cecil Jensen. Jay D. Engineering Drawing & Design 5th/6th Ed. Glencoe McGraw-Hill. Ohio. . Westerville. 1996.Thanks References: Helsel.

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