Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling

Interactive Training Guide

Graphisoft
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Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide
Copyright © 2008 by Graphisoft, all rights reserved. Reproduction, paraphrasing or translation without express prior written permission is strictly prohibited.

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ArchiCAD®, Virtual Building™, Virtual Trace™ and Virtual Building Solutions™ are trademarks of Graphisoft. All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.

CONTENTS
Getting Started with the ArchiCAD Interactive Training Guide _____ 5 Step 1: Download and Install Archicad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Step 2: Create the Interactive Training Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Step 3: How to Use Movie Player in ArchiCAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Introduction _______________________________________________ 10 Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains ____________________ 13 1.1 Customizing the Mesh Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.2. Creating a Mesh from External 2D Drawings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 1.3. Creating a Platoo Slab on the Terrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1.4. Adding a Sloping Road to the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 22 2.1. Creating the 3D Form of a Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2.2. Adding the Choir and Aisles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.3. Creating a Bell Tower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.4. Completing the 3D Form of the Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid______________ 35 3.1. Creating a New Structural Grid – Columns, Beams and Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 3.2. Adding a second structural grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 3.3. Modifying the structural grid’s elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns, Beams and Complex Profiles____________________________________________________ 46 4.1. Modifying the Attributes of the Columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 4.2. Placing Circular Slanted Columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 4.3. Creating New Complex Profiles for Construction Elements . . . . . . 49 4.4. Placing a Profiled Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.5. Creating an Inclined Beam and Defining the Intersection Priority of Beams and Columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4.6. Defining Holes in the Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 4.7. Adding an ArchiCAD Object to the Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls____________________________________________ 62 5.1. Creating and Editing Straight and Slanted Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 5.1.1. Stretching the Slanted Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 5.2. Wall Priorities and the Layer Intersection Group Number Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 5.3. Creating a New Composite Structure for Walls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 5.4. Using the Modify Wall Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 5.5. Drawing a Double-Slanted Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 5.6. Creating and Editing a Profiled Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs ______________________ 77 6.1. Creating a Simple Roof in 3D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 6.2. Trimming Walls and Columns to the Roof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 6.3. Creating a Polyroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 6.4. Creating a New Barrel-Vaulted Roof on the Floor Plan . . . . . . . . . .84 6.5. Constructing an Irregular Barrel-Vaulted Roof in 3D . . . . . . . . . . .87 Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows ___________________________________________ 91 7.1. Creating Special Windows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91 7.2. Customizing and Placing a Storefront Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 7.3. Creating an Empty Opening. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95 7.4. Placing a Skylight Object. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 7.5. Adding Entrances to the Project. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101 Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs _____________________ 105 8.1. Adjusting and Placing an Existing Stair Object. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105 8.2. Creating a New Staircase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107 8.3. Creating Stairs with the Profile Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 8.4. The ‘Create Stair Using Selection’ Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112 Chapter 9: Special Constructions - TrussMaker_________________ 117 9.1. Creating a Truss from Rolled Steel Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 9.2. Terminating the Building Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122 Chapter 10: Special Constructions - RoofMaker ________________ 125 10.1. Using the Roof Wizard Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126 10.2. Modifying Elements of the Roof Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129

Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide

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Contents 4 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .

we recommend that you play the movie clips within ArchiCAD. Every chapter of the interactive training guide contains the following elements: • a section of the PDF Guide with detailed explanations and screenshots. please visit the following websites to obtain a free ArchiCAD installer: • If you are a student or a teacher. • narrated movie clips providing step-by-step instructions. 2 If you do not have ArchiCAD yet. visit https://eduregistration. we recommend that you install the interactive training guide as well as the latest version of Graphisoft ArchiCAD on your computer. Projects saved with this TRIAL version can be automatically upgraded to FULL versions upon purchase of a commercial license. 1 Install ArchiCAD on your computer to complete the steps of this interactive training guide.graphisoft.com/ to register and download a fully functional 30-day trial version of ArchiCAD. However. 5 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . STEP 1: DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL ARCHICAD To best enjoy the unique benefits and simplicity of learning in an interactive environment. saving you time. while completing the steps using the training project files. • If you are a professional architect. Please read the three steps of this short introduction to familiarize yourself with the interactive training environment in ArchiCAD.Getting Started with the ArchiCAD Interactive Training Guide GETTING STARTED WITH THE ARCHICAD INTERACTIVE TRAINING GUIDE This interactive training guide was written to ease and speed up your learning process.graphisoft.com/ to register and download a fully functional Education Version of ArchiCAD® for Students and Teachers. visit https://trialregistration. The PDF guide can be printed and all the narrated movie clips can be launched from the PDF. • an ArchiCAD training project file to complete the exercises.

We recommend you install the guide to the “default” location suggested in the installation wizard. STEP 2: CREATE THE INTERACTIVE TRAINING ENVIRONMENT Introduction. 4 Start the installer of the interactive training guide and follow the instructions on the screen. Once you have successfully installed both Graphisoft ArchiCAD and any of the Interactive Training Guide packages.mp4 Watch Movie 6 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 3 Start the Graphisoft ArchiCAD installer and follow the installation wizard to complete the process. Please make sure to use the appropriate installer. please proceed with the following steps to initiate the interactive learning environment. Please note that there are separate installer packages for Macintosh and for Windows operating systems.Getting Started with the ArchiCAD Interactive Training Guide Please note that ArchiCAD is available in several localized languages for both Macintosh and for Windows operating systems – make sure to choose the language and installer version that best suits you.

3 Browse the chapters of this training guide and open any of the ArchiCAD Project archive (.PLA) files. then you will find its folder in the “Graphisoft” folder of your machine. or in the “Program Files” folder on Windows operating systems. then click the “Browse” button to locate the ArchiCAD training project file on your local computer. 2 Select the “Standard Profile” for the active Work Environment in the “Start ArchiCAD” dialog. Select the “Open Project” option. If you installed the interactive training guide to its default location. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 7 .Getting Started with the ArchiCAD Interactive Training Guide 1 Start ArchiCAD on your computer by double-clicking its desktop shortcut. The Graphisoft folder is located in the “Applications” folder on Macintosh. The ArchiCAD splash screen will appear shortly after you start the program. and the “Start ArchiCAD” dialog will be displayed.

since certain exercises will require a Solo Project file to be saved on your local computer.Getting Started with the ArchiCAD Interactive Training Guide 4 Select the “Read elements directly from archive” option for Active Library Usage in the “Open Archive Project” dialog. The Solo Project format and the correct library are selected automatically. Now that the “training environment” has been set up. The ArchiCAD training project files are all saved as archive files. so practically all you have to do is to click the “Save” button to proceed. 5 Activate the “File > Save As…” command. and save an ArchiCAD Solo Project of the currently open design file to the folder in which the previously opened archive file was located. you are ready to proceed with any of the exercises! ArchiCAD will open the selected archive project and read all the library elements directly from the archive file. This is important because the library elements have different names in localized versions of ArchiCAD (“localized” meaning translated to foreign languages and customized to meet different local standards). 8 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . This is an important step.

1 Open the Movie Player by activating “Help > ArchiCAD Movie Player”. You are always free to contact Graphisoft and its worldwide partners if you have further questions: www. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 9 . You can pause the movie at any time. You can also click the “Previous” button if you wish to open the previous clip.graphisoft.Getting Started with the ArchiCAD Interactive Training Guide STEP 3: HOW TO USE MOVIE PLAYER IN ARCHICAD Let’s briefly look over the main features and functions of the ArchiCAD Movie Player. 3 Click the Play button on the player to start the first clip. or use the slider to repeat or skip any parts of the clip. 2 The Movie Player will open and the first training clip will be automatically loaded. click the “Next” button to proceed to the next step of the exercise and open the corresponding training clip.com. Feel free to reposition or re-size the movie player on your screen. The title bar of the movie player always indicates the number of the current step and the total number of steps available in the current chapter. 4 Once the movie is over and you have completed the current step of the exercise. We hope that you will find this guide useful and will agree with what experienced architects worldwide say: ArchiCAD is easy to learn and fun to use.

Introduction INTRODUCTION One of the major advantages of ArchiCAD is found in the creation of 3D construction elements. The intention the Modeling Interactive Training Guide to introduce the concept. 10 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . which enables the creation of intelligent objects. Working in 3D makes it possible to verify and visualize the project during the entire design process. tools and techniques of 3D modeling in ArchiCAD. forms and models. allowing architects to put their ideas in spatial terms.

Introduction Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 11 .

you will learn how to use basic shapes from the ArchiCAD library to create the simplified model of the existing buildings surrounding the new pavilion. doors. columns and beams can be trimmed to the surfaces of slanted roofs with just a few clicks of the mouse. After that. TrussMaker and RoofMaker. you will establish the topography of the sloping site using meshes. stairs. 12 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . walls. we recommend starting with the ArchiCAD Basic or BIM Interactive Training Guides. accessible at http://www. you will gain skills using special ArchiCAD functionalities. Finally. In the meantime.graphisoft. you will create the structure of the building. a small pavilion situated in an existing architectural environment. you will need to “dress” the building with walls. Throughout the following chapters and exercises you will “construct”. This enables users to view the project in its own 3D environment (with instant. allowing for the simple creation of stairs. step by step. Users need to be familiar with how to employ fundamental ArchiCAD design and navigation tools. You will also familiarize yourself with the Solid Element Operations functionalities in order to form more complicated 3D volumes. For beginners. Every ArchiCAD building element is “real”: you might create a wall or slab in the floor plan view. while ensuring that all material quantity calculations reflect real design conditions. but their 3D view is also at hand immediately. at any time. These are not fully explained in this manual. like StairMaker. The functioning and handling of these construction elements will be demonstrated in detail in this overview. Next. using an amazing variety of tools available in ArchiCAD. trusses. First. windows and skylights. girders and roof structures. roofs. real-time 3D feedback) and to make better. The Modeling Interactive Training Guide requires a basic knowledge of ArchiCAD. more informed design decisions. This can save a great deal of modeling time for designers. composed of beams and columns.Introduction ArchiCAD parametric construction elements behave according to “real-life” conditions – for instance.com.

you can design meshes Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide In the Floor Plan and Section panel.1 CUSTOMIZING THE MESH PARAMETERS Modeling Chapter 01_01. use the ArchiCAD Mesh tool to obtain a realistic view of the original terrain. Click the “Create Solid Bodies” radio button in the “Geometry and Positioning” panel. as projected to the Reference Plane.mp4 Watch Movie In the first part of this chapter you are going to set the parameters of the mesh. depending on the construction method chosen in the Info Box. You have the option of displaying all the ridges. Customizing the mesh” pre-set view in the Navigator.1. In 3D. or just the user-defined ones.Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains CHAPTER 1: ARCHITECTURAL MODELING: TERRAINS Our environment sits on a gently sloping site. Note: There are two types of ridges in a mesh: user-defined and generated ridges. 1 Activate the “1. 1. when placing the mesh. you can find the controls related to the representation of the mesh in 2D windows. Enter -11 m for the value of the relative Base Height. such as 13 . On the floor plan. The depth shows the value to which the mesh will extend below the reference plane. as superficies. You draw the main contours of the mesh. (This control is located in Mesh Default Settings). which we need to create in 3D. Double-click the Mesh Tool to open its settings dialog box. You can then raise the characteristic points of the mesh’s superficies out of this plane. Meshes are surfaces of any form created by defining the elevation of their characteristic points and interpolating between them. In order to do so. meshes created with vertical sides (skirt). and meshes created as solid bodies. only the outline and the ridges of the mesh are visible.pla” project file. Input a height of 5 m as the depth of the mesh base. Let’s open the “Modeling Chapter 01. These will be used later. A mesh – with its ridges – is created on the foundation of a Mesh Reference Plane.

and select the top left button as anchor point. Select “Stn-Marble White” as the top material. and keep the settings of the side and bottom materials. Next. Import the reference file by clicking the “Merge” command in the “File > File Special” menu. Creating mesh from external 2D drawing” pre-set view in the Navigator.2. section. Choose the “Merge content of Model Space into current View” option and hit “OK”. 3 Go to the “Model” panel.dwg” file and click the “Open” button. Make sure “Specify On-Screen” under the Insertion Point settings is checked on. 1 Activate the “1. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 14 3 The “Merge DXF-DWG Model Space” dialog box appears. You can control the appearance of the generated ridges in this panel. you will import an AutoCAD DWG file and use it as a reference to create the Mesh Model. set the pens as shown. CREATING A MESH FROM EXTERNAL 2D DRAWINGS Modeling Chapter 01_02.2. In this exercise. and elevation views.DWG” file type. Also. Choosing “All Ridges Smooth” means that only user-defined ridges will appear in the 3D view. 1. Select the “Mesh contour lines. 2 The “Merge DXF-DWG” dialog box appears in the screen. Browse to the “Advanced Modeling Library” folder and select the “.mp4 Watch Movie ArchiCAD allows for the creation of meshes from 2D drawings that contain the boundaries of the site. click the “Bounding box node” radio button. 2 Open the “Floor Plan and Section” tab page and switch off the ‘Cover Fills’ option. Set both the X and Y value of scaling ratio to 1.Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains the floor plan. You can also assign a fill pattern to the mesh covering the element in the floor plan. Click “Merge”.

Now you have to define the contour of the mesh. click at the top left point of the rectangle. and then click at the bottom right corner. use the Magic Wand. 4 Place the drawing as seen below. Next. If real curves cannot be created. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 15 . you need to add some level lines to the mesh. arcs and splines. Instead of retracing each edge manually. which will autotrace the level lines needed for the site. ArchiCAD will try to approximate curves according to the settings of in this dialog box. the tracing method and the approximation will be based on the settings of the “Option > Magic Wand Settings…” dialog box. Activating the “Best Match” radio button means that curved segments will follow .the natural form of circles. First. Note: Whenever you create curved-type elements with the Magic Wand.as best as possible .Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains 5 Select the Mesh tool and activate the rectangular geometry method in the Info Box.

the new points will be placed on the current surface of the mesh. You have created a mesh that is at present a horizontal plane. Define the height for each contour line individually to obtain the final shape of the mesh. Drag the cursor over the first level line and click. 7 Repeat the last operation until each contour is “redrawn” by the Magic Wand. Enter 1 m and select the “Apply to All” feature. 8 Drag the cursor along the first line and click on the point. When modifying the height of level lines. Select “Elevate Mesh Point” from the appearing pet palette. Note: When you add new points to the selected mesh you have three possibilities. the new points will be added with the height value currently set in the “Mesh Settings” dialog box. no slopes connected to the bottom of the mesh will be created. If you choose “No Surface Fitting”. this value serves as reference level from which the new altitude is measured. 16 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 9 Continue the same process for the remaining level lines.Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains 6 Select the newly created Mesh and hold the Space bar to activate the Magic Wand with the Mesh tool still activated. if you wish to create a hole (for instance. If “Fit to User Ridges” is selected. the new points will be placed on the current surface of the mesh. The “New Mesh Points” dialog box appears on the screen. By choosing “Fit to All Ridges”. Do not forget that the top level of the mesh is set to -11 m. as shown below. and only user-defined ridges will keep their height. In the latter two cases. to accommodate a house plot). but it may generate a rather large number of ridges. which affects all points along the contour. Make sure that “Fit to User Ridges” is selected and click “OK” to create new points along the contour. This method is the most precise one. This method is recommended for renderings. and all ridges will keep their height.

Next. This will serve as a base for the building to be constructed in the following chapters. CREATING A PLATOO SLAB ON THE TERRAIN Modeling Chapter 01_03. and enter 0 for the value of the Relative Base Height. create a hole in the mesh. set the Slab Thickness to 1 m. Creating a platoo slab on the terrain” pre-set view in the Navigator. 4 Open the “Model” tab page and select “Wd-Pine Horizontal” as the material of the top of the slab. In the “Geometry and Positioning” panel. 3 Activate the Slab tool and open the tool’s settings dialog box. place the slab.3.3. Select the “Fit to User Ridges” option and click “OK”. 2 In the appearing “New Mesh Points” dialog box. Choose the Polygonal geometry method in the Info Box. choose the “Create Hole” radio button. 1 Activate the “1. First. Click “OK” to leave the settings dialog box.mp4 Watch Movie Let’s continue the design of the project by adding a platoo slab on the terrain. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 17 . and draw a closed polygon by following the instructions in the illustration below. Select the mesh with the Mesh tool still active.Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains 1.

1. Define the second corner as shown and click outside of the Mesh to deselect it. 18 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . First.4. Choose the Rectangular geometry method in the Info Box. Modeling Chapter 01_04. you will place a sloping road onto the terrain using the Regular Sloped Mesh. Click the top right corner as shown and choose the “Subtract from Polygon” option. ADDING A SLOPING ROAD TO THE PROJECT 5 Draw the Slab manually or hold down the Space bar and click inside the contour with the Magic Wand. In order to do so.4. This helps you quickly create regular meshes with plane surfaces. Open the 3D window and check your design. select the Mesh tool and also select the mesh element on the floor plan.mp4 Watch Movie In this exercise. 1 Activate the “1. create a hole in the mesh. Adding a sloping road” pre-set view in the Navigator.Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains 1.

You must then set the elevation of three mesh corners: the fourth one is generated automatically. 4 Draw a selection marquee around the newly created element and activate the “View > Elements in 3D View > Show Selection/Marquee in 3D” option. In the first part of the dialog box you can set the number of divisions in either direction. The “Regular Sloped Mesh” dialog box opens automatically.Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains 2 Now select the Regular Sloped Mesh in the Info Box and define a rectangular boundary on the floor plan. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 19 . Change the 3D view mode if necessary. 3 Set the parameters as shown below.

2. activate the “1. Use the commands in the palette appearing in the 3D window or in the floor plan view. Select the “Elevate” command from the pet palette and adjust the slope to the existing mesh height. In order to do so. 20 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Modify the height as shown below.Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains 5 Select the new mesh and click on one top point as shown.4. Note: Meshes can be edited after being placed on the floor plan. Mesh in 3D” pre-set view in the Navigator. 7 Now check the whole design in the 3D window. 6 Click on a bottom point of the slope and choose the “Stretch height” option.

Chapter 1: Architectural Modeling: Terrains 8 Finally. return to the floor plan window and save your project using the “File > Save as…” command. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 21 .

Creating church 3D form” pre-set view in the Navigator. You will continue with the creating of the existing buildings surrounding the new pavilion.1. This will help you to form more complicated 3D volumes.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations CHAPTER 2: CREATING BASIC SHAPES – USING SOLID ELEMENT OPERATIONS Let’s continue the project by constructing the architectural environment in which the project will be placed. 1 First. 2. CREATING THE 3D FORM OF A CHURCH Modeling Chapter 02_01. you will use the 3D terrain constructed in the previous chapter. use basic shapes from the ArchiCAD library. You also need to familiarize yourself with the Solid Element Operations functions. In order to do this. The appearing 2D drawings contain the contour lines and the elevation views of the church.1.mp4 Watch Movie In this exercise. you will create the 3D form of the church seen in the following screenshots. As a base. 22 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . activate the “2. Observe that the form of the building can be reproduced by using elementary geometric shapes. Let’s open the “Modeling Chapter 02. The intention of this step is to create a mass plan of the environment that helps you to check your future project in a real situation.pla” project file.

Select this object. Select the “Basic Shapes” folder from Special Construction. and place the anchor point in the top left corner in the “Preview and Positioning” panel. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 23 . 4 Set the dimensions as shown in the Parameters tab page. 3 Rotate the object in the Preview window. The “Roof Type” has to be set to Type 1. Notice that the object named “House Model” corresponds to the form of the nave of the church.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 2 Activate the Object tool in the Toolbox and open Settings dialog. Enter 12 m for “Gutter Height” and 60 for the “Roof Angle”. Also make sure that the “Footing Height” option is set to 0.

Adding choir and aisles” pre-set view in the Navigator.2.2. 5 Use the “Paint-19” material for the whole object. select the “3D form layer” at the bottom of the settings dialog box. Also select “Hip Roof on One End” in the “Parameters” panel.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations Define the dimensions as shown in the illustration. Finally. 24 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .1. Click the top left corner of the nave. as selected in the Model panel. ADDING THE CHOIR AND AISLES Modeling Chapter 02_02.mp4 Watch Movie Adding the choir volume requires mostly the same steps. Return to the tool’s settings dialog box and set the dimensions as seen on the screenshot below. 6 Return to the plan view by closing the dialog box. the object appears in the floor plan. As you can see. 2. 1 Activate the “2.

This type has only one sloped plane. 4 You have to change the dimensions and the roof slant angle. This time you need to set a simple roof.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 2 Close the settings dialog box and place the object as shown in the next illustration. Use the data shown on the 2D drawings. This allows you to create the second aisle without modifying the parameters of the settings dialog box. Use the same object. Let’s continue the design by adding two aisles. Click as shown below. change the Geometry Method in the Info Box to “Rotated Diagonal”. 3 Reopen the settings dialog box. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 25 . 5 Click “OK” to return to the plan view and click as indicated on the illustration. Set the hotspot to the top left corner in the Preview panel. In the “Parameters” panel choose “No Hip” and select “Type 3” as Roof Type. 6 Before adding the second aisle.

2 Now return to the dialog box and select the Pyramid object. but for now this will help you to develop your design.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 7 To check your design in the 3D Window. 1 Select first the “2. CREATING A BELL TOWER Modeling Chapter 02_03. Set 22.3. Additionally.5° as the angle of rotation. It has to be modified later. Creating a bell tower” pre-set view in the Navigator. Set the parameters and place it as shown.mp4 Watch Movie The creation of the bell tower is going to be more complicated. To construct the simplified form of the tower.5 m.2. you will learn how to create more complicated 3D volumes by using the Solid Element Operations function. 2. Define the “Cone Length” as 7.1.2.3. Type “Cube” for the keyword and select the Cube object. In the “Preview and Positioning” tab page. Adding choir and aisles” perspective view in the Navigator. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 26 . you need to use multiple objects that have to be placed on each other. Set the “Number of the sides” to 8 in the Structural Dimensions. Open the Object tool’s settings dialog and choose “Find library parts”. Change the Geometry Method to “Orthogonal” in the Info Box. set 25 m as Base Height. activate the “2.

In order to do so. 3 Activate the “Floor Plan” window and place the object. because this can be assigned to the perimeter of the cube after placing the object. you have to modify the base size. 4 As you can see. select the object and click on one of its perimeter Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 27 . You don’t need to define the Bounding Circle Radius precisely. In the appearing pet palette choose "Stretch" and resize the pyramid such that its boundary box corresponds to the perimeter of the cube object.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations hotspots.

addition and intersection. 28 7 Now drag a copy of the pyramid object which will serve as the operator element. Note: Solid Element Operations has two distinguishable roles. Compare your design with the 2D drawings of the church. including subtraction. This allows you to create complex shapes using Boolean operations. 6 Activate the “Solid Element Operations” function in the Design menu. activate the “Drag a copy” command. It can also be found in the context menu appearing as a result of a right-click. select the object. You need to cut the top corners of the Cube object. Creating a bell tower” perspective view.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 5 Next. elevate the roof of the tower.2.3. Then. and add some columns to support the roof’s charge. go to the 3D window by activating the “2. A Target is an element whose geometry will be modified by the operation. An Operator is an element affecting the geometry of the element to which it is linked. to achieve the final form of the tower. which is situated in the Edit menu’s “Move” panel. there are some tasks remaining. First. As you can see. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .

change the layer of the Pyramid object in the Info Box. Assign the pyramid object that overlaps the cube element as shown. As you have to cut 4 edges of the cube. Select the “Operator Elements” layer. 8 Select the new object and open the settings dialog box. and select the “Drag horizontally” command from the appearing pet palette.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 9 Click on one of the new Piramyds’ hotspots as shown in the screenshot. 10 With the object still selected. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 29 . In the “Structural Dimensions” tab page set the XY plan angle to 270°. you need to possess 4 operator elements.

Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 11 To do so. reselect the object and activate the “Edit > Move > Multiply…” command. 30 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 12 In the perspective view. Define angle of the rotation as 90º. Activate the “Rotate” option and set the Number of copies to 3. 13 Now select the “Cube” object and click the “Get Target Elements” button in the “Edit Targets and Operators” dialog box. choose the peak of the tower as the center point of the rotation and any point of the operator pyramid as the target. Check to make sure that the vertical displacement is ‘off’. Also make sure that the “Increment” option is active.

click the “Settings” option at the bottom of the Navigator. After having performed the operation. Creating a bell tower” perspective view.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations Next. the linked elements will be updated accordingly. you need to elevate the pyramid object to a new altitude.2. you can hide the layers of the Operator elements without resetting the modified shape.mp4 Watch Movie The operation does not modify or delete the Operator element. Open the tool’s settings dialog box and change the value of the base height to 26 m. select “Subtraction” and click the “Execute” button. then click “Get Operator Elements”. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide In this step you will complete the modeling of the bell tower. select the 4 pyramid objects. Hint: The result of the operation is associative: if you modify the location or the attributes of the participating elements. COMPLETING THE 3D FORM OF THE CHURCH Modeling Chapter 02_04. click “Get Current Window’s Settings” and hit “OK”. 2. select the pyramid object. First. 31 . In the appearing dialog box. To redefine the “2.4.3. 14 Hide the Operator Elements layer to see the model without them. 1 In order to do so. After defining every element of the operation. Continue by adding 8 columns to support the charge of the roof of the tower.

1.4. Set the cylinder radius to 0. Change the value of the base height to 25 m.20 m and the cylinder length to 1 m. To obtain the desired number of copies. 32 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . and place the first column as indicated. Open the Object tool’s settings dialog box and select “Cylinder 11”. Click “OK” to leave the dialog box. Completing the 3D form” predefined view in the Navigator.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 3 Select the placed object and activate the “Edit > Move > Multiply…” command. 2 Activate the “2. set the parameters as shown and execute the operation.

Notice that the simple 3D forms of the neighbouring houses were placed previously to speed up the modeling process. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 33 . Site view”. To keep its present form. you can create an entrance at the street front of the church. and click the “Show” button. To make your model more. so you need to elevate the base of the 3D elements forming the church by 3 meters.2. select the “Operator elements” layer.3. 6 Select all the objects with the Arrow tool. Enter 3 meters for the new altitude.2. go to the “Layer Settings” dialog box. do not forget to also elevate the operator elements. 7 Check your design by double-clicking the pre-set “2. Return to the 3D window.2 Site” pre-set view.4. which are currently hidden. Remember that the tower is partly created by a solid element operation.4. The 3D model of the architectural environment appears on the screen. To do so. Creating a bell tower” perspective view in the Navigator. Observe that the church is located on the upland of the terrain. and choose the “Edit > Move > Elevate…” command.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations Activate the “2. and then save the project. 4 Activate the “2. 5 Make the Operator elements layer visible. This platform is at a height of 3 m from the project zero.

and modify the “Angle to XY Plane” to 0.3. and define the cone as “Operator”.0° as the angle of rotation.50 m. Creating the entrance” pre-set view. 12 Finally. Set the “Relative Base Height” to 7 m. while the value of the “Top Circle Radius” should be 1. 9 Open the Object tool’s settings dialog box and choose the “Cone 11” object. Type 2 for the “Cone Length”. 34 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Open the “Structural Dimensions” tab-page. select the “Cone 11” object and change its layer to Operator elements. Select the “Subtraction with downwards extrusion” operation and click the “Execute” button. Set 0. use a truncated cone rotated in line with the XY plane.4.Chapter 2: Creating Basic Shapes – Using Solid Element Operations 8 Activate the “2. 11 Activate the “Solid Element Operations” command from the Design menu. 10 Place the Cone object such that its axis coincides with the ridge of the roof of the nave. To create the entrance. The “Bottom Circle Radius” has to be set to 3 m. Select the object forming the nave of the church as “Target”. This will serve as an Operator Element during the next solid element operation.

1 Start this step by creating the first structural grid.” command. You can easily recreate this arrangement on any number of stories. BEAMS AND DIMENSIONS Modeling Chapter 03_01..Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid CHAPTER 3: ARCHITECTURAL MODELING: STRUCTURAL GRID The main advantage of the Grid System feature is that it facilitates and accelerates the creation of building structures that contain repetitive or similar elements (e.. Let’s open the “Modeling Chapter 03.1.mp4 Watch Movie In this chapter you are going to create two local structural grids. 3..g.pla” project file. It allows for creation and placement using custom local structural grids of different sizes and shapes. These will help you to add design elements to the project further down the line. CREATING A NEW STRUCTURAL GRID – COLUMNS. and activate the “Design > Grid System. Double-click on the convenient pre-set view in the Navigator. beam and columns). The Grid System feature also helps in the positioning of identical columns and beams at specified intervals on your project’s floor plan. which partly overlap each other. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 35 .

In the “General Settings” panel of the Dialog. 3 The “Elements at Grid line intersections” option allows you to create columns or objects at Grid line intersections. 36 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 2 In the appearing dialog box. select the “Orthogonal grid” option for Geometry. Choose Column to add columns at every axis intersection point of the structural grid. the settings of the grid can be customized as needed.

Clicking the “Insert” button will add a new horizontal or vertical line to the bottom of the list if no grid line is highlighted.. 3. Choose the “Generate names automatically option and set A. Click the Apply button and close the Settings dialog by hitting OK. In the "General Settings" panel open the Column Settings. You don’t have to deal with the tool’s settings. Hit the plus button four times to create six horizontal grid lines. Just use the stored favorites containing the parameters and attributes needed for the tools. Hint: Use the “Insert” (plus) and “Delete” (minus) buttons to set the number of grid Lines. and “Left” for the vertical axis. and choose “Column-01” in the Favorites. B. If a grid line is highlighted. the settings of columns and dimensions that will be placed with the grid must be defined.Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 4 Click the “Dimension lines” option to place dimension units between all intersection points. Select the top right corner as the anchor point and choose the right and the top sides of the Grid to place Markers.. The spacing values can be edited individually. The “Delete” button allows you to remove a selected horizontal or vertical grid line. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 37 . 7 Next. Next. the new line will be inserted below it. 8 Before creating the structural grid on the floor plan. C. Define the distance of the vertical grid lines to 5. 6 In order to define the axis numbering system. go to the "Naming Rules" panel. 2. define the value of the dimension position as 3.. use the minus button to remove the unnecessary Vertical grid lines. and “Down” for the horizontal axis and 1.47 meters. set the Extension of the Grid elements to 5.. 5 In the "Grid Elements" panel. Set the number of grid lines to 2. In the field to the right. open the "Grid Positions" panel and set value “A” to 5 meters in the Horizontal grid lines’ settings.

open the Favorites list and choose the "Dimension-01" Favorite.Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 9 Open the Dimension Lines’ Settings Dialog as well. 38 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Hit Enter to close the Settings dialog.

Note: The grid structure is assigned to a single layer which can be set at the bottom of the dialog box. to define the direction of the first Grid System.Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 11 Now everything is set for the Grid so hit OK. Click Point 1 to define the Anchor point. The other elements (Columns. Beams.) will be placed on their default layer using their current settings. etc. set “Structural Grid” for layer. and click once more on the appearing horizontal Guide line to the left. 10 In the Grid System Settings Dialog. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 39 . Dimensions. A white pencil cursor indicates the anchor point for placing the grid. The ghost form of the grid appears on the screen.

Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 2 Switch to the “Grid Elements” panel and open the “Grid Element Settings”.. ADDING A SECOND STRUCTURAL GRID Modeling Chapter 03_02. This will help us to discern this second grid from the previously created one.. 40 3 Set the Markers for the left and the upper sides of the Grid system. Click OK to leave the Grid Elements settings dialog. In the “Floor Plan” panel. Uncheck the “Elements at Grid line intersections” checkbox in the “General Settings” panel.2. 1 Switch to the “3. 3.mp4 Watch Movie Now let’s create the second structural grid of the project.2. Open the “Marker” panel and set the Marker Pen and Text Pen values to Pen 4 as well. grid” pre-set view in the Navigator. leaving only the “Dimension lines” option selected. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Open “Design > Grid System.” again. set the Grid line pen to Pen 4. Adding a second struct.

In this case. 5 Now go to the Grid Position panel.58 and 9. Define two Horizontal Grid lines with the distance of 10 meters. 6 Return to the floor plan and create the Grid by defining its Anchor Point at Point 1 and setting its direction as horizontal with a second click.54. the spacing values of the vertical grid lines will be different from each other. and six Vertical Grid lines with the following distances: 6.36 meters in the remaining places. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 41 . Set the value of the ‘Start at’ option to 3 on Vertical Grids.Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 4 Make sure that down… and left are selected in the Naming rules panel. 4.

MODIFYING THE STRUCTURAL GRID’S ELEMENTS Modeling Chapter 03_03. Modify grid elements” pre-set view in the Navigator. all of its elements can be edited individually. It has to be changed at several points. we are going to modify the placed grid’s elements. Choose the Vertical Grid line at Point 2 and set its value to “3”. Select the first marker to be modified.mp4 Watch Movie In this part. 1 Select the “3. 42 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .3. the increasing order of the axis numbering is not consistent. Click “OK” when finished. If you ungroup the structure. 3 Now we will modify the Dimension Lines. and activate “Suspend Groups” in the Standard Toolbar. The Horizontal Grid line’s value at Point 3 should be set to “C”. 2 As you can see. Select the first placed Grids’ upper Dimension Line and delete it by simply hitting the Delete button on your keyboard. Open the “Naming rules” panel and set “2” for the custom parameter value of the Marker.Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 3. and open the tool’s settings dialog box.3. as shown in the illustration. Repeat the same steps for the other elements. Notice that all the Grid elements placed are grouped.

Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 4 Let’s also modify the orientation of the bottom horizontal Grid line (F) to make it parallel to the street front of the opposite houses. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 43 . Set the angle of the rotation to minus 15 degrees by typing this value in the appearing Tracker and hit ENTER. and click over the selected line. Be careful not to select the columns of the axis. Click on the selected Grid line and choose the “Rotate” option in the appearing pet palette. Select the bottom Grid line and the marker with the Arrow tool. Now select the second Grid Lines’ upper Dimension line and Control (or Command Click on MAC) the first and the third vertical grid lines to add new points to the dimension chain. Define the intersection point at Point 7 as the origin of the rotation.

7 Switch on “2. open the “Document > Layers > Layer Settings (Model Views)…” panel.2. and no new elements can be placed on it. 44 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Note: If a layer is locked.Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid 5 Select the “F1” column and move it to the new “F1” intersection point. the Grid Lines can be set to be shown in 3D as well. Select the “Structural – Grid” layer in the list and close the Lock icon as shown. This indicates whether a layer has been protected to prevent its contents from accidental modification. the elements on it cannot be edited or deleted. 6 When you are ready with the Structural Grid.4. Site view” from the Navigator to check your design in the 3D window. As you can see.

Click Cancel to leave the dialog. The recently created Grid Systems will help you with the placement of the structural elements (columns and beams). This completes Chapter 03. In the next chapter you will continue to construct the structure of the building.Chapter 3: Architectural Modeling: Structural Grid Select a Grid Line with a SHIFT click and open its settings dialog to have a look at this setting option in the 3D View panel. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 45 . Finally. save your project.

MODIFYING THE ATTRIBUTES OF THE COLUMNS Modeling Chapter 04_01. You have to familiarize yourself with the handling of the “Beam” and the “Column” tools. you will learn to connect columns and beams to each other.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. Beams and Complex Profiles CHAPTER 4: ARCHITECTURAL MODELING: COLUMNS.1.mp4 Watch Movie In ArchiCAD. Next. The section of the columns can be rectangular or circular. In the tool’s settings dialog box. as formed by columns and beams. 4. 46 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . and how to modify the priorities of the appearance of the elements. Finally. or they can be smartly connected to walls and beams. BEAMS AND COMPLEX PROFILES In this chapter you are going to finish the creation of the building’s structure. you have a series of controls that help you to personalize the column. and also with the methods to define different geometric shapes and attributes for these construction elements. or it can be complex and defined as a profile. The column’s axis can be either vertical or slanted. These construction elements can stand free. you will have an overview of how to create complex profiles. columns are made up of two components: the load-bearing core and the optional veneer (which is used to simulate fire proofing or any kind of sheeting around the core).

select the column at the A1 grid intersection point and open the settings dialog box. 2 Next. Note: There are several ways to select the columns. 3 Activate the Veneer checkbox to create uniform sheeting around the core. go to the “Edit” menu. If you compare your design with the final drawing of the floor plan. Select the columns marked in the illustration and delete them. you can observe that some of the columns placed earlier are unnecessary. In the latter case. and click “Select All Columns”.1.05.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. Let’s start this exercise by deleting these. You can also draw a selection boundary with the Marquee tool. Beams and Complex Profiles In the previous chapter you created the structural grids. and you added some columns to the project as well. Modifying the columns” pre-set view in the Navigator. 1 Activate the “4. Activate the Arrow tool and select each element individually while holding down the SHIFT-key. activate the “Column” tool. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 47 . set the thickness of the veneer to 0.pla” project file. Open the “Modeling Chapter04. In the field to the right.

48 . Beams and Complex Profiles 4 Go to the “Floor Plan and Section” tab page. Use the “ArchiCAD Parameters Transfer” method to apply these settings to the other columns. using the “Pick Up Parameters”. the appearance of the column has changed. In the “Model” tab page. Placing circular slanted columns” view in the Navigator. pick the settings of the modified construction element. then click the column icon in the Info Box to open its settings dialog box. Return to the floor plan window. These will be trimmed by the roof later. select “Mtl-Stainless Steel” as material. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 5 As you can see. 1 First select the “4.2. Verify that the center point of the circular profile is still defined as the anchor point. Click the “Slanted column” icon and set the slant angle to 70.mp4 Watch Movie Let’s continue our design by creating new columns.2. 4. and “Inject Parameters” commands in the Standard Toolbar. First. In this chapter. Select “Outlines Only” as the Floor Plan Display.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. and then pass them to another of the same type. you don’t have to deal with the height of the construction elements. We will keep most of the settings defined in the previous exercise. Open the “Cut Surfaces” section and set the Veneer to solid fill. and close the dialog box. but you have to place some slanted elements instead of vertical columns. PLACING CIRCULAR SLANTED COLUMNS Modeling Chapter 04_02. Note: You can also select all the columns and modify their parameters.

as shown. check your design in the 3D Window. Note: A saved “Complex Profile” element is handled as an attribute of the Wall.mp4 Watch Movie The rest of the columns have to be defined as more complex shapes that cannot be created with circular or rectangular profiles. while you rotate the column around the vertical axis to Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 49 . E3 and F3 grid intersection points. 2 Choose the “Rotated Geometry” method in the Info Box. To use them. beams and walls. ArchiCAD ships a number of predefined profile elements. Place the columns at the D3. use profiled structural elements composed of cross-sectional profiles that are extruded perpendicular to the profile’s plane.3. 4. This means that you first place the column by its anchor point. 3 Finally. or Beam.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. To generate complex profiles for columns. Beams and Complex Profiles define its final geometry. CREATING NEW COMPLEX PROFILES FOR CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS Modeling Chapter 04_03. you have only to select “Profile geometry method” in the tool’s settings dialog box and select the appropriate profile in the “Core Structure” section of the “Floor Plan and Section” tab page. Column. after which a ghost contour of the element appears.

Other 2D elements added can be used as local drafting aids. In this exercise. you are going to create a new complex profile for columns. 50 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . you can draw or edit the cross-section of the profile element using 2D drawing tools. but will have no effect on the final appearance of the complex profile when placed into the model. In the “Profiler Editor” window. 1 Switch on the “4. Observe that the 2D drawing of the column’s cross-section appears on the floor plan.3. ArchiCAD allows you to define your own profiles. Only hotspots and shapes drawn with the “Fill” tool will be part of the saved profile. Create Complex Profiles” pre-set view in the Navigator. Beams and Complex Profiles 2 Choose the “Design > Complex Profiles > Profile Manger” command and click the “New” button in the appearing dialog box.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. Make a copy of the drawing to be used when defining the profile.

If you do not switch on “Opening Reference”. it represents the location of the element’s axis. If you do not switch them on. While they will be saved as part of the profile attribute. the origin prefigures the location of the Wall’s reference line. as shown. If you switch on “Opening Reference” (in the list of Design Layers). Horizontal and Vertical Stretch (in the list of Design Layers) are optional attributes of the profile. and other 2D elements in this window will be placed on the Drafting layer. the Construction layer will be highlighted. Beams and Complex Profiles The Origin shown in the “Profile Editor” window is a significant reference point. but you can move the profile shape until it is correctly positioned with respect to the origin. If the complex element is a Wall. they will not be visible in the placed profile. the Profile Editor window displays a line representing the reference line upon which doors/windows will be placed. 3 Now.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. You cannot move the origin. Position the element to the origin to place it at the center of the profile. In the case of a column or beam. instead of creating contours. Edit the line if necessary conform to the shape of the profile so that openings will be in the right place. One part of the “Profile Manager” settings is only active if the “Profile Editor” is open. The layer of the active tool will be highlighted. you will not be able to stretch or resize the cross-section of the resulting profile once you place it on the plan. The “Design Layers” section contains layer controls applying to the “Profile Editor” window only. The rest of the controls in the Profile Manager dialog box allow you to fine-tune the Section and 3D appearance of each component of the profile element. Finally click the “Fill” tool to add a hatching pattern to the cross-section drawing. When the “Fill” or “Hotspot” tool is active. paste the drawing that you have copied from the floor plan. doors/windows will be placed along the profile element’s bounding box. “Show/hide parameters for Design Layers” affects only the “Profile Editor” window. once you place the profile wall on the plan. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 51 . Check the boxes to switch on the stretch parameter in either or both directions.

1 Activate the “4. Finally. click the “Store profile” button. Activate the “Slanted” radio button and set the slant angle to 70.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. 2 Note that the core size has been changed to 30x30 cm. Enter “2xC section column” as the name and hit “OK”. PLACING A PROFILED COLUMN Modeling Chapter 04_04.mp4 Watch Movie In this exercise you are going to place a column with the profile previously created. 4. Switch on “Horizontal Stretch” and “Vertical Stretch” to allow further modification of the profile. Select the profiled geometry method. Select “Projected with Overhead” as the Floor Plan Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 52 . Open the column’s settings dialog box.4. 5 Open the “Design Layers” tab page. You will then multiply the new column on the floor plan.4 Placing profiled column” view in the Navigator. Beams and Complex Profiles 4 Activate the column and beam icons in the “Manage Profiles” tab pages of the “Profile Manager” settings dialog box. and switch on the “2xC section column” in the Core Structure of the “Floor Plan and Section” tab page. Close the “Profile Editor” and the “Profile Manager” windows.

4.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. with the rotated geometry method selected in the Info Box as shown. A4 and A2 as shown. CREATING AN INCLINED BEAM AND DEFINING THE INTERSECTION PRIORITY OF BEAMS AND COLUMNS 4 Select the placed column and activate the “Drag Multiple Copy” command. A5.5. Beams and Complex Profiles Display. They are best used when designing support elements whose axis length is significantly larger than either their width or height. Modeling Chapter 04_05. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 53 . 3 Place a column at the A7 gridline intersection point. Now you will create an inclined beam and adjust the height of columns at the bottom plane of the beam. Change the material in the “Model” tab page to “Mtl-Stainless Steel”. Create four copies at the intersection points A6.mp4 Watch Movie ArchiCAD beams are horizontal or inclined construction elements with vertical end faces. Click “OK” to close the setting dialog box.

Note: The beams can be turned around along their longitudinal axis as well. Place the beam as shown. Activate the “inclined” button and set the slant angle to 20. which displays your model in real perspective or axonometry. 54 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 2 Choose the “Single Beam” geometry method in the Info Box. and once at the endpoint. 1 Activate the appropriate view in the Navigator. 3 Activate the “Marquee” tool in the Toolbox. Beams and Complex Profiles 3D modeling helps you to create building structures without calculating the length and the precise position of each construction element. Type 0 for the value of the relative height. Check to see if “Internal 3D Engine” and “Hidden Line” option is selected in ”View > 3D View Mode”. Return to the floor plan view. You will develop your design in the 3D window. This produces a beam element by clicking twice in the floor plan: once at the starting point of its axis’. The 3D window gives the view of what the final building will really look like. Define the height as 0. 4 Select the “Show Selection/Marquee in 3D” command in the “View > Elements in 3D View” menu. and modeling in 3D allows you to explore the model much more freely than in other windows.70 and the beam width as 0. Open the beam’s settings dialog box.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns.30. Draw a selection rectangle around the previously created beam to visualize this part of your project.

6 Observe that the columns overhang the beam. Select the first column and click on one of its hotspots again to open the pet palette. Beams and Complex Profiles 5 Click the “View > 3D View Mode > 3D Projection Settings…” command. Select the “Stretch height with fixed angle” option and stretch the column until the top of the element intersects the inclined beam. Select “Parallel Projection” and choose the “Side” view. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 55 . Repeat these steps for all the rectangular columns. so their height has to be modified.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. Click “OK” to leave the settings dialog box.

7 Select the beam and open its settings dialog box. Defining a hole” pre-set view in the Navigator.1. The appearance of the elements has been updated in the floor plan window as well. the uniform distribution of the holes will be easier to do in the 3D window. the intersecting parts of the columns have been adjusted to the bottom plane of the beam.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. 1 Activate the “4. change the value of the Beam Priority to 9. 8 As you can see. you can set the priority of the intersection that affects the appearance. The pet palette appears with the possible editing choices.mp4 Watch Movie First you have to create a beam. In the “Floor Plan and Section” tab page. The lower priority element will be cut in 3D. On the floor plan. 2 Click the “Insert hole in beam” icon to open the tool’s settings dialog box.6. As the beam is inclined. Return to the 3D window. Holes with different shapes and sizes can appear in the same beam.6. DEFINING HOLES IN THE BEAM Modeling Chapter 04_06. you will make a copy of the columns and beam created from the gridline A to C in order to define the structure of the opposite side of the building. This will let you set the hole’s 56 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . The higher priority element will remain intact. holes can be created by clicking on the Beam’s reference axis. 4. In this exercise you are going to define a series of holes in the previously created beam. Select the beam and make sure that the Beam Tool is activated in the Toolbox. Finally. which means that the intersecting part will be removed. you can place circular or rectangular holes into it on the floor plan. This applies to volume calculations as well. Beams and Complex Profiles Note: When Beams cross Walls or Columns. Once this is done.

6. 5 Return to the 3D window and start the operation. make sure that “Off” is chosen for Vertical displacement. and type 0.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. set the value of the ‘Size’ to 0.40. 3 Place the first hole 4. select the hole. With the Beam Tool still activated in the Toolbox.10m as distance and hit “Enter”. Set the number of copies to 29. Click on it again and select the “Multiply” option in the appearing pet palette. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 57 .2 Multiplying holes in 3D” view in the Navigator. 4 Activate the “4.35 as the ‘Position’ value. Beams and Complex Profiles parameters.34m from the starting point of the beam. and activate the “Increment” geometry method. Choose a circular shape. Enter 1. Close the dialog box.

Draw a selection marquee around the construction elements to be copied. This is done by either browsing or by entering search terms to find a library part by name. or right-click and select “Move > Drag a copy” from the appearing context menu.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns.6. Beams and Complex Profiles 6 Switch on the “4. 4. ADDING AN ARCHICAD OBJECT TO THE STRUCTURE Modeling Chapter 04_07. Copying beams and columns” pre-set view in the Navigator. 1 Activate the appropriate view-set in the Navigator. Deselect it first. On the left. 7 Activate the “Column” tool and choose the “Select All Columns in Marquee” option from the Edit menu. Click the Beam tool in the Toolbox and activate the “Select All Beams in Marquee” feature.3. the browser area allows you to locate single library parts corresponding to the active tool in the loaded libraries. you are going to add some special steel beams to the project.7. 8 Do not copy the column at the A1 grid intersection. Double-click the Object Tool in the Toolbox to open its settings dialog box. to support the charge of the roof.mp4 Watch Movie The ArchiCAD library contains several objects that help you to complete the structure of the building. 58 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . These objects are organized into folders and sub-folders and are thus easy to locate. In this part. then choose the “Edit > Move > Drag a copy” command. 9 Drag a copy as shown.

6 Place two objects between the interior sides of the beams.4 Building Structures 11 / Steel Structures 11”.9 millimeters and the value of ‘Depth between Fillets’ to 265. 5 Return to the floor plan by closing the settings dialog box. Enter 250 for the value of Width and 700 as Depth of Section. open the “Placement” section. Activate the “Rotated diagonal geometry” method in the Info Box. 8 Switch to the 3D window and select the object moved second. Place the second element’s profile at a distance of 2. 3 In the “Parameters” tab page. open the “S-01-“ section. Change the Rotation Axis to ‘along axis’ and define the Rotation angle as 20.20m from the first one. 4 Switch to the Dimensions section and select to use a custom Serial Size. Web thickness and Flange thickness should be set to 35 millimeters. 7 In order to do so. Select “Mtl-Stainless Steel” as material and “Structural-Bearing” as the layer. as shown below. Beams and Complex Profiles 2 Open the “Steel Beams BS 11” folder located in “1. Basic Library 11 / 1. Select the “Universal Columns Beam 11” structure. ‘Root radius’ to 8.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. Note: You don’t have to set the exact position and altitude for these objects because these will be modified later in the section project view. Using the Multiply command allows you to increment 12 copies of this element at equal distances. perpendicular to them. 59 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . and make sure that it is aligned with the top and bottom planes of the beam.2”. Move the first profile by its center anchor point and position it at the imaginary intersection lines of the left slanted column’s and the inclined beam’s axis. Select the Universal Columns Beam objects appearing in the screen with their cross-section.

9 Now only two beams are missing from the structure. To speed up the process we’ve already placed these on a hidden layer. Click on the top right corner of the first placed object. as shown.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns. Additional Beams pre-set view to make Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 60 . Beams and Complex Profiles Make sure that “Vertical displacement” is switched on and return to the 3D window.7. Activate the 4. Click twice on the top right point of the second element that serves as the reference for horizontal and vertical distance during the operation.1.

Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 61 . You have finished the creation of beams and columns forming the building’s structure. In the following chapters you will add other structural elements. save your project. The two beams appear on the Floor plan. etc. Beams and Complex Profiles them visible. Now open the S-01 section to check their position in the model. a roof. like walls. 10 Finally.Chapter 4: Architectural Modeling: Columns.

Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls

CHAPTER 5: ARCHITECTURAL MODELING: WALLS – SLANTED WALLS / COMPOSITE WALLS
In this chapter you will construct the exterior walls of the building. In the following exercises you will use the Wall tool. In ArchiCAD, you can draw straight, curved, trapezoidal or polygonal wall elements, all of which can be composed of a single material or contain several materials. You can even go a step further and create complex walls of any custom shape and combination of materials. Certain parametric objects such as Doors, Windows and Wall Ends can only be placed into walls that you have created. 1 Select the “5.1.1. Creating straight and slanted walls” pre-set view in the Navigator and open the wall settings dialog box. Make sure that the ‘Straight Wall Complexity’ icon is activated. Now set the wall element’s thickness to 0.30 m, and height to 14 m. Choose “Concrete Block as Cut Fill” in the Structure section of the “Floor Plan and Section” tab page, and set the material to “Surf-Poured Concrete”. Finally, choose the “Structural-Walls” layer at the bottom part of the screen. Click “OK” to leave the dialog box.

5.1. CREATING AND EDITING STRAIGHT AND SLANTED WALLS
Modeling Chapter 05_01.mp4 Watch Movie This exercise will present how to construct simple walls on the floor plan and introduce the method of modifying the wall structure and geometry. Open the “Modeling Chapter05.pla” project file.
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Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls

2 Go to the Info Box and click the ‘Straight wall segment’ icon. Set the reference line location to the center of the wall.

Every wall element has a reference line possessing a direction. The reference line helps you to achieve the precise connection of walls for clear intersections, and establishes hotspots and edges for selecting, moving and transforming walls. It is also relevant for determining which side of the wall is inside and which is outside, which is useful when for assigning materials to the 3D model. 3 The reference line may appear on the floor plan view as a heavy black line, including the arrow that shows the direction of the wall. To visualize it verify that the “View > On-Screen View Options > Walls & Beams Reference Lines” is switched on.

To continue the project, you now have to add a slanted wall, placed between the previously created elements. A slanted wall tilts in one direction, keeping its faces parallel. 5 Return to the wall’s settings dialog box and change the geometry method to ‘Slanted wall’. Activate the ‘Right’ construction method and type 110 for the value of the Slant Angle. Set the reference line offset to 0.15m and also modify the wall height value to 6m.

6 Draw the wall between the A2 and C2 grid intersection points.

4 Draw two longitudinal walls. Start to create the first one at the A7 grid intersection point and finish it at A2. Repeat the same operation to draw a wall between the C2 and C7 grid intersection points, as illustrated.

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5.1.1. Stretching the Slanted Wall
1 Open the “5.1.2. Stretching the slanted wall” pre-set view to visualize the result of the recent steps. As you can see, the altitude of the slanted walls has to be increased to assign it to the height of the other walls. Slanted walls and columns can be stretched, and their slant angle can be modified with pet palette commands in 3D view. 2 In order to do so, select the slanted wall with the Arrow tool and click one of its top hotspots. In the appearing pet palette, select the “Stretch slanted height” option and set the top corner of the straight wall as the reference point for the operation. Notice that the slanted wall joints correctly the two straight walls.

5.2. WALL PRIORITIES AND THE LAYER INTERSECTION GROUP NUMBER FUNCTIONALITY
Modeling Chapter 05_02.mp4 Watch Movie Observe that the columns and beams are cut from the walls, even if their layers are hidden. You have several ways to change the appearance of these elements if you are not satisfied with the result.

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5. To avoid this.3.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls For example. CREATING A NEW COMPOSITE STRUCTURE FOR WALLS Modeling Chapter 05_03.. 1 First switch on the “5. open the layer settings dialog box by clicking “Document > Layers > Layer Settings (Model Views). slabs and roofs. you can select one of the layers. In this part.”. You also have the possibility to create new ones or edit existing complex structures. you are going to define a new composite element for the exterior walls. indicating an intersection with an element on a hidden layer. Select the “Structural –Walls” layer and change the Intersection Group number to 2.mp4 Watch Movie Structures of buildings are not homogenous in most cases. You can also set a different priority for each individual wall on a scale of 0 to 16 using the “Wall Priority” slider switch (“Wall Settings / Cut Surfaces” panel).3. 2 Return to the 3D window and observe that the appearance of the model has been changed. use the “Options > Element Attributes > Composites” menu item. the elements of the respective layer(s) will not intersect. To open the settings dialog box. For a better 3D result. ArchiCAD contains a series of predefined complex structures used for walls. Another way to achieve the needed 3D appearance relies on using the “Layer Intersection Group” numbers that can be found in the “Layer Settings” dialog box.. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 65 . but are constructed from several materials. This may result in “missing” lines. Note: Elements having identical intersection groups will intersect even if one of the layers is hidden. modify the walls’ Layer Intersection Group number. Exception for Level 0: If the intersection group’s value is 0. simply increasing the wall width can be enough to hide the beams and columns on the elevation of the building. and assign it to any different intersection group. Create a composite structure” pre-set view on the Navigator. 1 In order to do so.

Continue your work by setting the number and the properties of the new element’s skins. In the appearing dialog box. The “Edit Selected Item” tab page serves to edit the properties of the skin or line highlighted in the “Edit Skin and Line Structure” tab page. and change the Composite Skin to Concret block as shown. Continue to customize the remaining skins as shown on the following illustrations. 4 Make sure that the skin at the top is still selected. Set the thickness to 0. components. If you highlight a component in the list. your element currently contains only two skins. type “Exterior wall” as the name of the new complex structure. 3 As you can see in the dialog box. while the final structure is supposed to possess four different 66 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . In the Preview window you can also see the graphic representation of it. an arrow appears next to the corresponding part of the graphic.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls 2 Choose the “Brick plastered one side” predefined composite element from the pop-up list and click the “Duplicate” button. Add new skins by clicking the “Insert Skin” button two times. The “Edit Skin and Line Structure” tab page lists the components (skins and contour/separator lines) of the new structure.06 m and modify the Skin priority to 10.

Composite Structures will Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 67 .Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls Skin Priority: Assign a skin priority to the selected skin. Use with: Click one or more icons .Wall. not for slabs or roofs. All composite elements include structural. Slab. 5 Make sure that only the “Common Brick” skin is selected as core. This control has an effect only for composite elements used as walls. the structural skin is the thickest one. This will affect its 2D intersection appearance in the project.to indicate which of these elements should list the current Composite Structure among their structural choices. and/or Roof . but they must be located next to each other. load-bearing skins called “Core”. These play an important role when connecting Walls and Columns. You can choose more skins as part of the core. but you can also check the boxes for other skins (in the Core column of the list). By default.

Activate the “Options > Work Environment > Work Environment” command. Now you can simply drag and drop any of the listed menus from here to any place in the menu structure.g. The right side (“Build or edit this menu”) shows the current set-up of the main menu bar. 3 Leave the “Work Environment settings” dialog by clicking the “OK” button. Make sure it contains the Modify Wall submenu. 1 Let’s make sure that the Modify Wall hierarchical menu is included in the menu structure. click OK to leave the dialog box. “Floor Plan & Section > Structure”).mp4 Watch Movie Now you are going to assign the previously created composite element to the exterior walls.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls appear in the Wall. USING THE MODIFY WALL COMMAND Modeling Chapter 05_04. When done.4.. and still keep their desired position by using the “Modify Wall” command. and check to make sure the “Modify wall” add-on appears in the “Design” menu. and/or Roof Settings dialog boxes (e. The left side (“Application commands and menus”) of the dialog box lists ArchiCAD’s commands and menus in alphabetical order. ArchiCAD makes it possible to change the structure of the selected walls. Click “Menus” found in the “Command Layout Schemes” part of the appearing dialog box. choose the “All menus in alphabetical order” listing mode on the left side. If not. Slab. 68 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 6 Activate the wall icon and click “OK” to save the new composite element and leave the settings dialog box. 5. 2 Click the Edit icon next to the Design menu to open its content .

as the interior position of the core remained unchanged. you can set its thickness: otherwise. the thickness of the core layer is displayed. If not. you can add an offset to the reference line to position it to the desired part of the wall.27 in the settings dialog box. because the “Thicken Wall from” option works with the horizontal projection of the walls and not with the real value of the wall thickness. without changing the walls’ position on the Floor Plan. Click the radio button at the bottom to choose the part of the wall that will keep its position after modification. you can modify the thickness. 4 Select all walls on the floor plan and activate the “Edit > Modify Wall > Structure” command. You can set the fill at the top of the “Modify Wall Structure” dialog box. (If possible. If the chosen fill is not a composite. Activate the “Center of Core” radio button to keep the original position of the walls. 6 Select the slanted wall and set the ‘Reference Line Offset’ to 0. Change the exterior walls’ fill as follows. Observe that walls’ structure and thickness has changed. Click “OK” to leave the settings dialog box and return to the floor plan window. this will be done by adding an offset to the reference line. On the right side. 69 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . On the left side of the dialog box. Always make sure that the value of the “Reference Line Offset” is set as required. you can change the reference line side of walls. the Reference Line position and the direction of selected wall type elements. 5 Select the “Exterior Wall” fill in the “Floor Plan & Section Attributes” section. the reference line will be moved.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls Using the commands of the “Modify Wall” hierarchical menu.) You can move the reference line of the selected walls using the “Modify Wall Reference Line” command. Note: Using the “Modify Wall Structure” command for slanted walls may produce some inaccuracy in the project.

Verify that the “Reference Line offset” is set to 0.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls ArchiCAD also lets you draw a wall with unparallel faces.5. 1. turn off the “Walls & Beams Reference Lines” in the “View > On-Screen View Options” menu. 5. Now you are going to create the double-slanted wall seen on the illustration. 2 Set the slant angles to 160 and 110 degrees.5. and it appears as a trapezoid or triangular shape in the section view.mp4 Watch Movie 70 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Modify the pen of the Cut Surfaces and Outlines to pen 48 to discern the double-slanted wall from the previously created walls. Open the wall’s settings dialog and click the “Double Slanted wall” icon. and select the “Structural-Double Slanted Wall” layer. and check that the “Clean Wall & Beam Intersections” is activated. 7 Finally. 1 Activate the “5. This element is named “double-slanted wall”. DRAWING A DOUBLE-SLANTED WALL Modeling Chapter 05_05. Drawing a double-slanted wall” pre-set view in the Navigator.

5. Modifying double-slanted wall” pre-set view. Click the top right corner of the wall and choose the “Stretch height with fixed angles” option. has to be wide enough to accommodate all of the skins. and select the created wall. 4 Open the S-01 Section by clicking the “5. Decrease the height as shown. however. The remaining settings will be adjusted later in the Section view. When setting the angles of a double-slanted wall. 3 Draw the wall between the A8 and C8 intersection grid lines. 2. For a simple structure (using a single material). you are constrained by the minimum thickness of the top of the wall. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 71 . this can be zero.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls Customize the rest of the “Wall Settings” dialog box as shown below. The top of a composite wall.

Hold down the Shift key during the operation to constrain the vertical direction of the wall. Stretch the length of the longitudinal walls. Set the “Wall Thickness”: to zero and click “OK”. Move the wall as shown. 7 Stretch the double-slanted wall on the floor plan window in two directions until its endpoints coincide with the exterior plane of the straight wall. Adjust their lengths to the top of the double slanted wall. Show the exterior walls’ layer in the “Layer settings” dialog box. 8 Open the 3D window by activating the “5. Now you need to adjust the longitudinal walls to the double-slanted wall.3.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls 5 Open the wall’s settings dialog box with the wall still selected.5. Hold down the Shift key to keep the original direction of the walls. 72 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Modifying walls in 3D” pre-set view. 6 Return to the floor plan and hide the layers of the columns and beams.

1 Activate the “5. CREATING AND EDITING A PROFILED WALL Modeling Chapter 05_06. let’s create some profiled walls serving as exterior benches for people. All you need to do is to copy this element to the “Profile Manager settings” dialog box.1. you need to define a new profile for use in this exercise.6. 5.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls 9 Select the double-slanted wall and increase the wall priority to 12 in the tool’s settings dialog box. First. The 2D profile of the bench appears on the screen. Creating profiled wall” pre-set view in the Navigator. to have the correct intersection of walls. Do not forget to reset the “Intersection Group number” of the “Structural-Walls” layer to 1.6. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 73 .mp4 Watch Movie Finally.

2 Open the “Design > Complex Profiles > Profile Manager”. The profile and the parameters will be set later. 74 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 6 Add some walls to the project as shown. you can apply a custom profile to any selected element in the model window on a one-time basis without having to save it as an attribute.6. Click “New” and paste the copied file. You don’t need to customize the wall height and thickness. Pick up the longitudinal walls’ parameters by clicking on one of them while holding down the ALT key. Choose the “Exterior-Furniture” layer and leave the dialog box. 5 Select the “Curved – Circumference” geometry method in the Info Box. Place it as shown.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls 4 Open the wall’s settings dialog box and activate the Straight wall complexity. 3 Close the “Profile Editor” window and go to the 3D window by switching on the “5.2 Adding profiled wall in 3D” pre-set view. In ArchiCAD.

You do not need this profile anymore. Elements on the clicked side will remain selected. Repeat the operation as shown. An alert appears on the screen mentioning that a complex profile is currently opened. Click the “Don’t store” button. 10 Draw a temporary splitting line in the 3D window and click on one of the sides. 9 Select a curved wall and activate the “Edit > Reshape > Split” command. close the Profile Manager dialog box.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls 8 Finally. Do not forget that you have the option of further modifying the placement and/or the form of these elements using the pet palette on the Floor Plan or in the 3D window. while elements on the other side will be deselected. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 75 . Delete the unnecessary parts of the wall. You can also use the “Edit > Reshape” menu commands. 7 Now select the previously created walls and click the “Apply to Selection” button in the Profile Manager window. As you can see. the profiles of the elements have changed.

Then.Material for the profiled element: Use the “Materials” tab page in the Settings Dialog to set a material for the 3D display of the sides of the profiled element. edit the controls in the appearing “Custom Edge Settings” dialog box.Chapter 5: Architectural Modeling: Walls – Slanted Walls / Composite Walls 11 Finally. you can apply a different custom edge material to each individual edge. Notice that the material will be applied to all sides of the selected element (Uniform). To apply a different material to one or more selected sides of the element. Note . If necessary. save your project. 76 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . These custom edge settings will be applied to the edge from which you opened the Pet Palette (“Selected edge only”). click on one of the selected fill's edges. and execute the pet palette command “Set parameters for profile edge”. select a fill in the “Profile Manager > Profile Editor” window. or to all edges.

Set the Cut Fill to Solid Fill in the “Floor Plan and Section” tab page. Methods for these are chosen in the Info Box when the “Roof” tool is selected. you have to define the roof plane by clicking any three points of the plane. You can set the rising direction of the structure with the Eyeball cursor. Every roof element possesses a pivot line. Simply draw the contour of the roof using one of the geometry methods found in the Info Box. Next. First of all.21m. 2 Open the tool’s settings dialog box. In the first case. There are several ways to create roofs on the floor plan or in the 3D window. 1 Click the “Roof” icon in the Toolbox and select the “Rotated Rectangle” geometry method in the Info Box. which is a horizontal non-printing line that appears only on the screen. Customize the other settings as shown.mp4 Watch Movie Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 77 . dome and Barrel-vaulted. CREATING A SIMPLE ROOF IN 3D Modeling Chapter 06_01. In this part you are going to create a simple roof in 3D. from simple plane to complex polyroof. Set the roof’s thickness to 0. 6. Open the “Modeling Chapter06. The elevation of the roof and the direction of the slope are measured by this pivot line.1. you need to define the position of the pivot line by clicking its extremities. you’ll draw the contour of the roof.pla” project file.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs CHAPTER 6: ARCHITECTURAL MODELING: ROOFS ArchiCAD allows for the creation of different shaped roofs.

78 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . return to the floor plan. and then click the top extremity of one of the slanted beams to define the contour of the roof. This will serve as an area for outdoor exhibitions. Select the “Add to Polygon” option in the appearing pet palette and change the geometry method in the Info Box as shown. ArchiCAD will generate the pivot line automatically. Select the previous roof element and click on one edge. The previously created beams that support the charge of the roof will help you to define the bottom plane of the roof. 5 In order to do so.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs 3 Choose the appropriate pre-set view in the Navigator. as illustrated. Click the intersection points of three beams. 4 Click the top corners of the double-slanted wall. Let’s continue the design by extending the plane of the roof to cover the terrace.

To do so. 6 Continue to offset two edges of the roof. and activate the 3D window to check your design in 3D. Please note that the operation will be executed only if the elements intersect the plane of the roof.mp4 Watch Movie Observe that the exterior walls of the building overhang the roof height. Set the distance of the offset operation as 1.2. 6. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 79 .50m. windows and objects. columns. their geometry has to be modified. slabs.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs 7 Go to the “Layer settings” dialog box to show the “Structural-Walls” layer. doors. TRIMMING WALLS AND COLUMNS TO THE ROOF Modeling Chapter 06_02. Hence. you will use the “Trim to Roof” command that allows you to trim either the top or the bottom of walls. beams.

Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs 1 Switch on the “6. Make sure that the “Trim Top” radio button is selected. Trimming walls” pre-set view in the Navigator. 2 Return to the 3D window and select the walls that you need to trim with the roof.1. Now you will adjust the height of the columns situated on the terrace. 80 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .2. and click the “Trim” button. Browse the Model panel and click the “Vertical Roof Edge” radio button. Using the Arrow tool. 3 Now activate the “Design > Trim to Roof” command. select the roof and open the settings dialog box.

click above the created line to set the orientation of the section. To create the roof level line.50m from the exterior side of the columns.2. With the Eyeball cursor. As a result of this operation. 6 Return to the floor plan window. 5 Again. Leave the dialog box by clicking the “Trim” button. Select the columns as shown and modify their heights to 18m in the tool’s settings dialog box or in the Info Box. To customize this parameter to exactly 1. You have modified the height of the slanted columns with the trimming operation. Note: Activating “Set Wall/Column Top to highest Point” means that the height of a trimmed wall or column is recalculated to adjust it to the maximum of the trimmed height of the construction element.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs 4 Switch on the “6. Verify that “Trim Top” is still selected and activate the “Set Wall/Column Top to highest Point” option. This means that the roof’s overhang at the left side has been changed as well. choose the “Design > Trim to Roof” command. This will serve as a reference to define the roof’s overhang. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 81 .2. Choose the ‘Section’ tool and click twice to define the ends of the section line as shown. they will reach over the roof’s plane. you can generate a level line at the intersection level of the roof and the slanted columns. With this option. use the “Create Roof Level Line” feature. all you have to do is measure the vertical distance between the intersection point and the project 0. Trimming columns” pre-set view in the Navigator.

Note: Choosing the “Create Roof Level Lines” command from the Design menu will place lines on selected roofs at the height values you specify in the “Roof Level Lines” dialog box. Click the “On Top/On Bottom” radio button to set the level lines on either the top or the bottom surface of the roof. In the appearing dialog box.83m as height.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs 8 Return to the floor plan. and place the dimension as shown. enter 11. Click “OK”. and turn on the “On Bottom” radio button. 82 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Select the Dimension tool and activate “Level Dimensions”. Observe that the vertical distance is 11.83 m. Click the intersection point of the roof and the slanted columnand the project 0. and click “Create Roof Level Lines…” 7 Open the S-02 section. Open the “Design” menu with the roof selected.

mp4 Watch Movie You have finished creating your building’s roof. Ground Floor) as the Home Story. 3 Let’s start to draw a polygon of straight segments that defines the pivot lines of the elements. Reposition the left contour line of the roof with the “Offset Edge” command to 1. The inclination and maximum height of each segment can be independently defined. Note: Polyroofs can be made up of a maximum of four levels. Draw the shapes with 2D drawing tools to create curved or other shapes with the Polyroof method. CREATING A POLYROOF Modeling Chapter 06_03. The result will be a set of individual roof planes. When you are finished.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs Use the “Specify Roof Level Lines” height level to define the height of the roof level lines as measured from either the current story level or the project zero. 6.3. Nevertheless. Close the dialog box. Customize the remaining parameters as shown below. 4 Set the number of Levels to 2. and change the Floor Plan Display to “Projected with Overhead”. By choosing the Polyroof option in the Info Box.1. Select Current (0. Creating Polyroof” pre-set view in the Navigator and select the “Polyroof” geometry method in the Info Box. more involved roof shapes using ArchiCAD’s roof construction methods. 9 The new level line appears on the screen. you can try to build some other. you can create equally sloped roofs on any polygonal or curved base. Do not forget that the final Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 83 . 1 Switch on the “6. 2 Open the tool’s setting dialog box.50m to the left of the new level line. Choose the “06-03_Roof” layer.3. the Polyroof settings dialog box appears on the screen.

Creating Polyroof” pre-set view in the Navigator. Select all walls and beams.2. the ends of which are connected to those of the curve. or you can use a predefined curve. 6.50m). you can draw a cross-section line made with arcs and straight segments. CREATING A NEW BARREL-VAULTED ROOF ON THE FLOOR PLAN Modeling Chapter 06_04. a rubberband boundary appears on the screen. When you have finished defining the cross-section with a double-click. Activate the “Trim to Roof” command and trim the top of the elements.mp4 Watch Movie 5 Open the 3D window by activating the “6. 84 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . which is added as an offset to the pivot line polygon. you have to click the first point of the roof and then define the length of it. To create a Barrel-Vaulted roof in 2D. To finish the operation.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs outline will be defined by the “Eave Overhang” value (1.4.3.

Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs

1 Choose the appropriate view in the Navigator. Modify the layer of the roof to “06-4 Roof” and select the “Barrel Vaulted” geometry method in the Info Box.

The Vaulted Roof settings dialog box appears on the screen.

2 Activate the Magic Wand in the Standard Toolbar, or keep the Space bar pressed while clicking on the predefined curve. Enter 3.00m for the elevation of the base point of the roof. Note: The resulting roof planes are individually editable. If ‘Autogroup’ is on, they are generated as a group. Note: Whenever you create curved type elements with the Magic Wand tool, the tracing method and the approximation are based on the state of the “Option > Magic Wand Settings…” dialog box. 4 Open the “6.4.2. Creating a Barrel-Vaulted roof” pre-set view in the Navigator, and adjust the position of the roof to the top edge of the double slanted wall. Verify that the “Suspend Groups” option is switched off, and select the roof.

3 Define the starting point of the roof. Hold down the Shift key and define the length.

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5 Click one of the bottom corners of the element and assign its position to the wall as shown.

6 Next, activate “Suspend Groups” and lengthen some of the roof planes to cover the terrace. 7 Modify the roof geometry as shown. Use the “Offset edge” and the “Move node” commands of the pet palette that appears on the floor plan.

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8 Finally, trim the walls and columns to the roof.

6.5. CONSTRUCTING AN IRREGULAR BARREL-VAULTED ROOF IN 3D
Modeling Chapter 06_05.mp4 Watch Movie There are three ways to draw a Barrel-Vaulted Roof in 3D: Vaulted, Gable and Complex methods. These appear in a pet palette after drawing the first side of the outline rectangle of the roof at the desired height. 1 Select the appropriate view in the Navigator and set 06_5_Roof as the layer of the roof. 2 Begin to draw the roof boundary by clicking the bottom corners of the first longitudinal wall.

Note: ArchiCAD allows only the construction of curved roofs that can be hit by vertical rainfall. This avoids the construction of self-intersecting or reclined roofs. This also means that the same curve may be valid for the generation of a roof from one angle of the boundary box, and invalid from another angle. This is so because the shape of the roof is determined not only by the curve from which it is to be constructed, but also by the angle of the boundary box to which it will be associated. The start and end points of the roof must be defined in such a way that the heavy line side of the rubberband boundary does not intersect the original cross-section curve.

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88 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . and select one of the bottom nodes of the first roof plane. and modify the angle of the slope to 20 degrees. Define the shape of the roof by clicking as many times as you wish to create new planes.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs 3 Select “Complex roof” in the pet palette. 4 Extend the roof to the desired length and click to place the roof. select the “Change Roof Slant angle” option. Use the commands of the pet palette in the 3D window to change the geometry and the position of the roof if you are not satisfied with the result. Click on a corner point. Double-click to finish creating the roof planes. 5 Make sure that “Suspend Groups” is switched on.

you define the center of the arc. make your choices in the Dome Settings dialog box. Here you can set the characteristics of the roof. Once you have defined the outline. save your project. Note 1: Dome-shaped roofs In ArchiCAD. Altering this elevation value has the same effect as modifying the roof slant angle. you can modify its slant angle in several ways. Enter a numerical value in the top field: this will be the elevation value of the roof plane at the point at which you clicked it. you can also create a Dome-shaped roof. The process for drawing a Dome-shaped roof is the same on either the Floor Plan or in the 3D Window. 6 Modify the length of roof plane as shown. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 89 . by selecting the “Dome” geometry method in the Info Box. 7 Finally. and the third the end of the outline.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs Note: Once you’ve drawn a roof and selected it. With the first click. Double-clicking the beginning of the arc will create a full circular dome. then Ctrl+click (Windows) or Cmd+click (MacOS) at any point on the roof plane to bring up the “Roof Elevations” dialog box. the second click marks the beginning. Select the roof in the Floor Plan or 3D Window.

select the other roof plane and Ctrl-click (Windows) or Cmd-click (MacOS) the ridge line of the lower one. To have these two roof planes intersect. and Ctrl+click (Windows) or Cmd+click (MacOS) the ridge line of the other. you may want to accommodate a dormer. The two faces have been adjusted to each other. For example. Now.Chapter 6: Architectural Modeling: Roofs Note 2: Roof intersections You may need to adjust simple roof planes to each other or to modify some of the planes of a complex roof. select the lower one on the Floor Plan. 90 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .

corner windows and empty openings of different forms. These elements allow for a large amount of freedom in terms modifying the size and the shape of openings before or after placing them in the project.1. you will learn the method for creating storefronts.mp4 Watch Movie In this exercise. Do not forget that these construction elements can be only placed in walls. 7. using the wall’s layer. You will also get an overview of skylights that are smart GDL Objects that can be intelligently placed in Roofs. you will familiarize yourself with the use of special openings found in the ArchiCAD library. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 91 . you will create a custom-shaped window formed by two ArchiCAD window type library parts. Open the “Modeling Chapter07. CREATING SPECIAL WINDOWS Modeling Chapter 07_01.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows CHAPTER 7: SPECIAL CONSTRUCTIONS: SPECIAL OPENINGS – SKYLIGHTS / CORNER WINDOWS ArchiCAD’s Door and Window tools allow you to create elements simulating the look and behavior of real-life windows and doors. In this chapter. Next.pla” project file.

Activate the Window tool in the Toolbox and open the settings dialog box. Select the “Special Window 11” folder in the left part of the screen.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 1 Switch on the “7. Creating special windows” pre-set view in the Navigator. and choose the “W Triangle Fix 11” object.40. 92 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Set its height to 3.85. 2 Open the “Parameters” tab page and set the width of the window to 1. 4 Activate the “Special Window Settings” tab page and select “Elevation and Opening” from the list.1. 5 Open the “Preview and Positioning” tab page and select the “Sill” geometry method.30 for the value of the sill. and activate the Side Anchor Point. Customize the horizontal offset of the top corner of the triangle. Enter 0. Make sure that the “Turn Plaster” option is off in the “Cavity Closure” settings. Enter 0. 3 Set “Mtl-Aluminium” as the frame material and “Glass-Blue” as the glass material in the “Parameters” tab page. Return to the floor plan. as shown.05 as the “Reveal Depth”.

indicating that the current object’s parameters will be transferred to the appropriate parameters of the newly activated object. click to the left of the anchor point with the double eyeball cursor. click below and to the right of the new window’s center with the eyeball cursor to define its orientation. then select them one by one and use the Edit>Move>Mirror command to mirror them. You don’t have to deal with defining the dimensions of the opening: these will be adjusted later in the 3D window. 9 Open the 3D window. Now you need to place a second window. The cursor will change to a syringe shape. If one or both of your Windows are mirrored compared to what you see in the screenshot. a way to transfer your parameter changes to a newly selected object. Parameters Transfer between objects: There is.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 6 Place the window 2. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 93 .50m from the bottom right corner of the walls. Set the value to 4. When selecting a different object in ArchiCAD. press Ctrl+Alt (for MacOS: Cmd+Opt) while clicking on the new object. Click the bottom left corner and select the “Stretch horizontally” option. When you switch to a different library part. Now keep the Ctrl+Alt (MacOS: Command+Opt) buttons pressed and click the “W Trapezoid Fix 11” object. Next. 7 Reopen the window settings dialog box. 8 Place the second window next to the first one as shown in the illustration below. however. the previously customized parameters will be lost and the window’s settings will return to their default values. To locate the object.20 m. Now select the Trapezoid Window. Click “OK” to leave the dialog box.

In this case. 2 Set the width to 8. the slant of the Window/Door is determined in the Profile Manager.1. use the Window (Door) Opening Plane control in the Parameters Panel of “Door/Window Settings”. 7.2.2. 1 Switch on the “7. Set the Shoulder Height to 1. Placing a Storefront door” pre-set view in the Navigator.4. and choose the “Move node” command.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 10 Click the top left corner with the window still selected. Building Structures” folder. the door and window type object can be fitted to the slanted surface. or they can remain vertical. Select the “Storefronts 11” folder located in the browser area at left. Click the Door Tool in the Toolbox and go to the settings dialog box. 94 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Use the “Opening Reference Layer” in the “Design Layers” panel of the Profile Manager to define the slant of Windows/Doors set into the Complex Wall.0m and the height to 6.0m in the “Parameters” tab page. even in a double-slanted wall created with a complex shape. CUSTOMIZING AND PLACING A STOREFRONT DOOR Modeling Chapter 07_02.mp4 Watch Movie Openings can be placed in any type of wall. To set the opening’s position. Note: In Complex Profile Walls. Choose the “D2 Storefront 3 11” object. in the “1. In this step. you will learn the method for customizing and placing a storefront in the slanted wall.50 m.

Open the window settings dialog box and choose the “W1 Casement 11” object in the “1.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 3 Switch to the “Storefront Settings” tab page and follow the illustration below to customize the Panels settings.3 Window 11 > Wood Plastic Window > Casement Window 11” folder.Creating an empty opening” view in the Navigator.2. following the illustration below.mp4 Watch Movie Every door and window can be transformed into a simple empty opening. Select the new element and adjust its height to the previously created window. go to the 3D window by activating the “7.3. 4 Activate the Center anchor point geometry method and enter 0. Just click the button in the “Preview and Positioning” panel of the door or window settings dialog box.1. and place the storefront into the middle of the slanted wall. then enter the height and width of the hole in the “Parameters” panel. Click along an existing wall to place the empty opening.38 as “Reveal Depth”. Click “OK” when you have finished. 1 Activate the “7. Adjusting Storefront” pre-set view in the Navigator. CREATING AN EMPTY OPENING Modeling Chapter 07_03. Let’s create some splits in the double-slanted wall using empty opening elements.2. 5 Finally. 7. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 95 .3.

Modify its height using the “Stretch vertically” option in the pet palette as shown to create a split in the wall. 4 Go to the 3D window by double-clicking the “7. 2 Activate the “Preview and Positioning” tab page and click the “Empty Opening” button.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 3 Verify that the Special Snap Points is active and the ‘Half’ option is selected. Multiplying empty openings” view in the Navigator. Now you need to create a series of copies of the empty opening. Place the opening to the middle of the double slanted wall.2.20m. Modify the value of the width to 0. and select the element. 96 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Leave the dialog box and select “Center Anchor point” as your geometry method in the Info Box.3.

Modeling Chapter 07_04. PLACING A SKYLIGHT OBJECT 6 First. 2 Open its settings dialog box and select the “Skylight Top Hung 11” object. select the middle point of the slanted wall. In the floor plan view. Reselect the opening in the middle of the wall and repeat the same operation on the other side. and can be activated with the “Skylight” tool. Next. They are smart GDL objects that can be intelligently placed in Roofs. 1 Select the appropriated view in the Navigator and activate the ‘Skylight’ tool in the Toolbox.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 5 Activate the “Multiply…” command and set the Number of copies to six.4. ArchiCAD will detect the location of the mouse-click and place the skylight on the roof plane with a click on the roof plane. click its corner point.mp4 Watch Movie Skylight objects are stored in the “Dormers and Skylights 11” folder of the standard ArchiCAD library. Click the “Distribute-1” option. even in the 3D window or in the floor plan view. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 97 . you can place the object inside the contours of the roof. Hit “OK” to close the dialog box. In the first case. 7.

Using the “Stretch” command. Click “OK” to leave the dialog box. 98 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 5 Select the newly created element and click on the bottom left corner. as shown in the illustration below. 4 Select the “Rotated” geometry method in the Info Box and place a skylight on the floor plan.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 3 You don’t need to deal with customizing parameters. Just select the bottom left corner as the anchor point. resize the width of the object as shown.

independently of the current 3D mode set in the “View” menu. These operations can be executed in the 3D window. Modifying the Skylight” pre-set view. 7 Select the skylight object and modify the lower and the upper edge type to perpendicular in the “Skylight Settings” tab page of the tool’s settings dialog box. select the “Shell – Roof” layer and click the wireframe icon. you have the possibility to show the elements of any layer with their contours only. Set the visibility of the layers of the roof and the skylight in wireframe. Activate the “Document > Layers > Layer Settings (Model Views) …” command. All you have to do is to click the “Wireframe” icon of the selected layer in the “Layer Settings” dialog box. In the appearing dialog box.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows Now you need to modify the vertical position and the height of the skylight object to locate it exactly between the two slanted beams of the roof. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 99 .4.2. To achieve better visibility of the model while editing. and return to the 3D window. 6 Open the 3D window by opening the “7.

as shown in the illustration. 10 Select the skylight and activate the “Multiply…” command. Modify the size of the object to assign it to the edge of the upper beam. Let’s continue the design of the project by creating some copies of the previous skylight. and choose the “Increment” option. 100 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Also make sure that the “Vertical displacement” feature is on. 9 The “Move node” command lets you stretch the height of the skylight. 11 Drag the element as shown in the following three screenshots. This will provide lighting for the conference room.Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 8 Activate the “Move node” command in the pet-palette and adjust the corner of the skylight to the edge of the lower beam element. Set the number of copies to 1.

Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows

12 Reselect both of the skylights and multiply them as shown in the illustration.

13 Open the “Layer Settings (Model views)…” dialog and set the “Shell – Roof” layer back to Solid Model.

7.5. ADDING ENTRANCES TO THE PROJECT
Modeling Chapter 07_05.mp4 Watch Movie Note: If the “Drag a copy” command is used, the newly created element will be translated horizontally, which means it will be placed off of the Roof. In this case, use the “Multiply…” command, even if you need to create just one copy of the original object. Finally, you need to add two custom openings to the project. These will serve as entrances to the building. ArchiCAD makes it possible to create custom windows and doors. If you are interested in how to construct openings with custom shapes, consult/download the free “Creating GDL Objects” interactive training guide. 1 Switch on the “7.5. Adding entrances” pre-set view in the Navigator. Activate the ‘Door’ tool and open its settings dialog box. Open the “Load Other Door…” pop-up menu
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and choose the “from File Dialog Box” option. Browse to the Advanced Modeling Library and select the “Custom entrance door.gsm” object. Hit the “Open” button.

3 Place the entrance doors into the exterior plane of the wall. First, click to the right of the anchor point, then click again inside to the right of the imaginary axis of the entrance door. This allows you to create the entrance correctly. Check your design in the 3D window.

2 Activate the “Sill” placement method in the “Preview and Positioning” panel, and set the Reveal Depth to 0.80 m. Click the “Side Anchor Point” and return to the floor plan.

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Note: It is possible that the entrance is mirrored instead of the desired position. In this case, select the object and activate the “Edit > Move > Mirror” command. First, click the middle point of the object and draw a vertical line to define the mirroring axis. 4 Repeat the same steps at the opposite wall and save your project.

The Corner Window tool: You have finished the creation of the exterior openings of the building. However, it is useful to know that with ArchiCAD you can place corner windows at straight wall corners. The Corner Windows function is similar to the Door and Window functions. There is no separate object type associated with the tool: most of the windows of the standard ArchiCAD library can be placed using the “Corner Window” tool. Do not forget that you can click anywhere on the wall when placing a corner window, because ArchiCAD will automatically snap the window to the nearest corner of the wall and create a mirrored copy of it in the adjoining wall. The parameters and properties of the second window are identical to those of the first. Angles and positions are automatically adjusted. The placed windows can be stretched manually and individually without breaking the link between the two windows.

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Chapter 7: Special Constructions: Special Openings – Skylights / Corner Windows 104 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .

Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 105 .1. 8. Placing existing stair” pre-set view in the Navigator.1. Open the “Modeling Chapter 08. which function like other objects. You can also use StairMaker. The ArchiCAD Library includes a number of parametric GDL stair objects. You can draw special forms. It requires a lot of work so it is worth your while to construct complex geometry stairs. Using Stair objects allows you to easily create a wide variety of predefined stairs. ADJUSTING AND PLACING AN EXISTING STAIR OBJECT Modeling Chapter 08_01. editing each node and step of the staircase with the Slab tool. 1 Activate the “8. They are accessible in the “Stair Settings” dialog box.pla” ArchiCAD project file. which is a dedicated ArchiCAD tool for design stairs based on predefined geometry.mp4 Watch Movie Let’s start by adding a spiral staircase that allows for vertical circulation between the coffee room and the auditorium.1.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs CHAPTER 8: ARCHITECTURAL MODELING: STAIRS ArchiCAD gives you several possibilities for modeling stairs in 3D. In this chapter you are going to add three different stair forms to the project.

Select the “Stair Spiral 11” object in the “Complete Stairs 11” folder.44 m. set the Angle of Stair to 500. following the illustrations. Enter 32 for the Number of Risers. 3 Set the dimensions in the “Parameters” panel as shown.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 2 Double-click the Stair tool in the Toolbox to open the settings dialog box. Under “Accessories”. and define the height of the staircase as 5. select “Above Floor Level” for the First Tread Level. 4 Also check the settings of the 2D Representation and the Materials parts. 106 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .

Create a circular hole in the slab. Placing existing stair” pre-set view.2.1.2. These cover almost every standard situation. Observe that the slab element does not contain a hole for the staircase. you will create a new stair object that will serve as seating in the auditorium. by editing its parameters to suit your needs. Click to the perimeter of the staircase and select the “Arc by 3 points” option in the pet palette. 1 Activate the appropriate pre-set view in the Navigator. In order to do so. There are 17 basic types built into the StairMaker application.with or without landings .1. use the StairMaker add-on. Placing existing stair” pre-set view in the Navigator. Select the ‘Slab’ tool in the Toolbox and select the slab above the spiral stair. This feature allows you to create a new staircase based on a predefined geometry type. 8. Open the stair’s settings dialog box and click the “Create New Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 107 . so you have to create one.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 5 Return to the floor plan and place the object as shown below.1. from straight runs to winders . 6 Click the “8. following the contour line of the previously circular stair.mp4 Watch Movie In this exercise. 7 Reactivate the “8. CREATING A NEW STAIRCASE Modeling Chapter 08_02.and to spiral and circular stairs.

Flight and Tread Settings) have lock/unlock icons. Finally. 4 Set the number of risers to 8 and lock the parameter. Note: Several controls on this tab page (Geometry. A preview window on the right side of the dialog box shows the floor plan symbol of the stair.20 m and the Riser height as 0.68 m. 2 Click the top left object and hit “OK”. The “stair editing” window for the chosen stair type appears on the screen. You should set the desired geometry and flight settings here and then lock them. modifications on subsequent tab pages may cause 108 3 Set the parameters following the instructions below.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs Stair” command in the pop-up list in the “Preview and Positioning” tab page. The “Stair Geometry” tab page contains preset values for the available parameters. Use the two top buttons in the appearing dialog box to choose whether to build a stair or a slope. then StairMaker will ensure that subsequent options you set are compatible with this basic geometry. Define the Tread lenght as 1. Set the sum of twice the riser and the run (2*Riser + Run parameter) with the range of 0. set the geometry settings as shown. the symbols of those stair types whose geometry can be transformed into slopes will automatically turn into symbols of slopes. If they are locked.60 to 4m before defining the value of the tread length. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . StairMaker to automatically recalculate these values. If you choose Slope. Changes made to the geometry parameters are reflected on this symbol. all the other buttons become inactive. Otherwise. Lock the parameters.

Set the controls as shown.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 5 Switch on the “Stair Structure” and the “Tread Parameters” panels. click the “Save As…” button and save the stair to the Advanced Modeling Library. 6 When finished. In the “Railings” tab page. select “No railing”. Enter “Auditorium Seating” as the name of the object. 7 In the stair’s settings dialog box. select the top left corner as the anchor point and switch on “Dashed Lines Above” in the Parameters panel. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 109 .

activate the next pre-set view in the Navigator.3.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 8 In the “Floor Plan and Section” panel.mp4 Watch Movie In this part you will design a staircase with the help of a 2D cross-sectional drawing using the “Profile Manager” feature. 8. and place the object as shown. Do not forget that Complex Profile elements are handled as attributes of Walls. 110 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Columns. 2 Select the fill of this element and select the “Copy” command from the Edit or the context menu. 9 Click “OK” to leave the dialog box. Now activate the “8.2 Stair in 3D” preset view to check the result in 3D. CREATING STAIRS WITH THE PROFILE MANAGER Modeling Chapter 08_03. A cross-section appears in the screen. and Beams. set the Cut Fill and the pens as shown. 1 First. illustrating the desired shape of the staircase.2.

Next. 4 Paste the fill and position it as shown. Click “Store Profile” and name the profile “Auditorium Stair”. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 111 . Now select the Fill in the Profile Editor window and set “Surf-Poured Concrete” as Side materials in the “Components – Default” tab page. open the “Floor Plan and Section / Structure” panel. 6 Activate the beam tool and go to the settings dialog box. In the appearing Profile Manager. Select the newly created profile and select “08-3_Beam” as the layer.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 3 Click the “Design > Complex Profiles > Profile Manager” button. 5 Check to make sure the beam icon is selected for the “Use with” option. Click the “Profile” button in the “Geometry and Positioning” tab page and set the Slant Angle to 0. click the “New” button.

In the following exercise. The “Design /Create Stair Using Selection” command allows you to create custom stairs from a stair contour and a line of travel designed with 2D drawing tools. THE ‘CREATE STAIR USING SELECTION’ FEATURE Modeling Chapter 08_04. 112 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .2.4. All you have to do is to draw the exact contour of the stair with the Fill tool. 8 Open the 3D window or activate the “8. The line of travel has to be a continuous chain of lines.mp4 Watch Movie ArchiCAD standard stairs work with fixed geometrical data. Note: The endpoints of the line of travel must snap exactly to the sides of the fill polygon. but cannot connect adjacent edges or nodes of the fill polygon. you will create an exterior staircase allowing access to the platform of your building. you can define the geometry of your Stair within your ArchiCAD project. The fill defining the stair cannot contain any holes. The segments of the line of travel need to be connected properly: they cannot cross each other or the sides of the fill. If the connection of two segments of the line of travel is not tangential.3. Create Stair Using Selection” pre-set view in the Navigator. 7 Go to the floor plan and place the stair beam as shown. Next.1. If you cannot find the stair type you want among the predefined templates.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 8. 1 Switch on the “8.4. Stair in 3D” pre-set view and check your new custom stair. define the line of travel by using connected Lines and Arcs inside the fill polygon. Corners within the line of travel define landings. The appearing fill boundary indicates the contour of the new stair element. it will define a landing.

Create Stair Using Selection” view. StairMaker automatically finds possible stair types for your draft. 5 You can define the geometry of your element in the “Geometry and Flight Settings” panel. set it to 6. 4 The “Stair Type” dialog box appears. The number of 113 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .75m. open the “S-03“ section by activating the “8. Unlock the Total rise height.1. Create Stair Using Selection” view. Next. you will need to define a Custom Stair. and then lock it again. Activate the “Design > Create Stair Using Selection” command.2.25m.4. 3 Reactivate the “8. Take note that the length of the staircase will be 40. select the fill and the line of travel.4. Click “OK”. If none of the predefined Stair Types match the sketch. and its height will be 6.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 2 Before starting to construct the staircase.75m.

7 In the Tread settings. 114 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . 6 Open the “Structure and Landing Settings” panel and customize the parameters as shown. Check the Riser height and modify the value to 0.16m if necessary. side and riser surfaces. set the materials to “Stn-Marble White”. Select “Stn-Marble White” for the tread surface and define “LS-Earth” as the material of the bottom.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs risers has to be set to 42.

Activate the Mesh tool. Save your stair to the Advanced Modeling folder as “Exterior stair”. 10 Activate the “8. select the mesh and click the “Subtract from Polygon” pet-palette command. Activate the “Site & Landscape – Terrain” layer and cut the form of the staircase from the mesh. Select the staircase and drag it vertically to adjust it to the mesh. You will see the new staircase is displayed on the Floor Plan. 11 Return to the floor plan.2. 9 Return to the floor plan window. which can be activated in the Info Box.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 8 Select the “No railing” option in the “Railing Settings” and click “OK”. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 115 .4. Create Stair Using Selection” view in the Navigator. Click the corners of the staircase with the Polygon geometry method.

Create Stair Using Selection” view in the Navigator to check your project in 3D. save your project.3.4. 116 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Finally.Chapter 8: Architectural Modeling: Stairs 12 Switch on the “8.

Technically. or open the “S-02” building section. Change the edge of the roof to ‘perpendicular’ in the “Model” tab page. This functionality can be accessed from the “Design > Design Extras” menu. you will construct the trusses supporting the charge of the terrace roof. Observe that the roof edge doesn’t fit to the edge of the truss. ArchiCAD automatically creates the 3D model of the truss in order to add it to the project and edit it further.pla” ArchiCAD project file. All you have to do is to draw the framework of the truss in 2D and define the profiles for each part of the structure. Creating truss” pre-set view in the Navigator. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 117 .1.1. select the roof and open its settings dialog box.Chapter 9: Special Constructions . 9. The 2D framework of the truss appears on the screen. 1 Activate the “9.TRUSSMAKER TrussMaker makes possible the simple creation of trusses and girders. 2 In order to do so. TrussMaker is an add-on that is loaded with ArchiCAD on startup. Return to the section view. so you need to modify it first.mp4 Watch Movie In the following exercise.TrussMaker CHAPTER 9: SPECIAL CONSTRUCTIONS . CREATING A TRUSS FROM ROLLED STEEL PROFILES Modeling Chapter 09_01. Let’s open the “Modeling Chapter09.

To distinguish the parts of the truss. You can choose one of the following options on the left side: Timber Construction. 4 In this case. Hollow Section or Rolled Steel Profile. To select a part of the structure. You will adjust the height of the truss later.Chapter 9: Special Constructions . select the “Rolled steel” profile option. This part of the settings dialog box lets you assign profiles and parameters to each element of the truss. 5 Select “Mtl-Stainless Steel” as the material and “Structural – Bearing” as the layer. 3 Select the axis lines of the truss and select “Design > Design Extras > TrussMaker > Create Truss”. section and 3D views. 6 Switch on the “Truss Profiles” tab page. The available parameters depend on the construction type of the truss you are creating. At the moment. you don’t need to deal with these controls. and activate the “Attributes” tab page. The thick outline in the preview and a black diamond next to the pencolor indicate which part of the truss you are working on. You can set the elevation value of the object from the current story or from the project origin. This tab page defines the appearance of the truss in the floor plan. The TrussMaker settings dialog box appears on the screen. You have various choices when selecting a construction type. the axis lines of the truss have various pens.TrussMaker As can be seen on the screen. use distinct pens when drawing the 2D framework of the truss. in the 3D window. because TrussMaker assigns diverse parameters to the outlines of different pens. 118 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . click its pencolor icon or its outline in the “Truss Preview”.

70 and the thickness to 0. and save the object to the Advanced Modeling Library. Now open the “Steel Junctions” tab page. click the “Save As…” button at the bottom of the dialog box.TrussMaker 7 Click the violet-colored pencolor icon. the height to 0.Chapter 9: Special Constructions . 8 Click the “With junction plates” radio button and set the parameters as shown. which is only available for the rolled steel profile construction type. Enter “Post-tensioned truss” for the truss name.30. 9 After finishing the design of your truss.01. Choose the profile from the pop-up menu. informing you that the new truss object has been created on the Floor Plan. The truss is placed on the same line as the section line. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 119 . Select the red and orange-colored line and set the parameters as shown. An alert will be displayed. and set the value of the width to 0. These controls allow you to use customizable junction plates at the points where the truss elements meet.

E1 and F1 grid intersection points. as the contour lines overlap the 2D framework of the element. Observe that the truss has been added to the project. that “Vertical displacement” is “Off” and translate the elements by 5. Open the 3D window. as shown. Choose the “Increment” option and set the number of copies to 2 in the appearing dialog box.00m along the first structural gridline. 120 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . make sure. as there is a correspondence to the altitude of the nearby column. 12 Decrease the height of the columns at the D1. To do so. 11 Return to the section view.Chapter 9: Special Constructions . 13 Now select the truss element and activate the “Multiply…” command from the appearing pet-palette. Select the placed element and reposition it to structural gridline D. first activate the “Suspend Groups” option.TrussMaker 10 Go to the floor plan view. Select the truss and move it if necessary. as shown.

TrussMaker Use the center of two neighboring columns as reference points. 14 Return to the floor plan and rotate the truss at the bottom of the screen.Chapter 9: Special Constructions . Select the intersection point of the F and 3 grid intersection lines as the center of the rotation. Note: Use the commands of the palette appearing in the 3D window to modify the geometry of the truss or beam if you are not satisfied with the result. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 121 . as shown below.

TrussMaker The “TrussMaker Settings” dialog box will appear. 122 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . Modifying this outline has no effect on placed trusses. and choose the “Edit Truss” command from the TrussMaker menu. and you will be able to edit it.1. The only difference is that in addition to the “Save” button. telling you that you are about to save a library part under an existing name.Chapter 9: Special Constructions . and open the settings dialog box.mp4 Watch Movie 1 Switch on the “9. Clicking “Overwrite” will replace the previous truss. To edit a placed truss.2. Terminating the structure” pre-set view in the Navigator. choose the “Create Truss” command again.2. a “Save as” button appears. TERMINATING THE BUILDING STRUCTURE The framework drawn on the floor plan is not associated to the truss after it has been created and placed. If you click “Save”. When you have finished with your changes. 9. TrussMaker will display a warning. Modeling Chapter 09_02. with the same options as seen before. select it in a section view. The original framework will appear in the window. Click the ‘Profile’ option in the “Geometry an Positioning” tab page icon and choose the “Beam_I” in the “Floor Plan and Section / Structure” tab page. Select three inclined beams as shown.

Chapter 9: Special Constructions . Observe that slanted columns extend beyond (overhang) the modified beam element. Select the slanted columns and click the “Get Target Elements” button. activate “Design > Solid Element Operations…”. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 123 . and define it as the operator element.TrussMaker Click “OK” to return to the 3D window. Select “Subtraction with upwards extrusion” and click the “Execute” button. 2 In order to do so. Next. To achieve the correct intersection of the construction element. cut the overhanging parts of the slanted columns. choose the beam element.

Chapter 9: Special Constructions .2.TrussMaker 3 Activate the “9.2. Terminating the structure” pre-set view in the Navigator. Terminating the structure” pre-set view and save your project. 124 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .1. open the “9. 4 Finally. and repeat the same steps for the construction elements of the opposite side of the model.2.

Graphisoft strongly recommends setting the reference line of the roof to the upper exterior edge of the wall (as handled by ArchiCAD’s Complex Roof Placement Method). with or without overhang. you already know the thickness of purlins. This way. you can easily keep track of all the connecting elements. using the “Design > Design Extras > RoofMaker” commands or the icons of the RoofMaker toolbar. ArchiCAD makes the creation of roof structures simple. The definition of elements. Graphisoft recommends that modeling of the roof construction be started with the purlins and continued with the hip rafters/valley rafters. uses this reference line as a basis. when placing rafters. ridges or purlins (beams). In this case. You can use this feature to construct each part of the roof structure. the GDL Object-based elements behave like ordinary objects and can be modified. hip and valley rafters. by using Roof Wizard. This is a dedicated ArchiCAD tool to facilitate the creation of the roof frames. like rafters. you must first ungroup them. purlins. Setting the Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 125 .Chapter 10: Special Constructions .RoofMaker CHAPTER 10: SPECIAL CONSTRUCTIONS ROOFMAKER In this chapter you will create the roof structure formed by purlins and rafters using RoofMaker. You will then be able to select roof planes individually. trimmers. etc. If multiple roof planes are grouped. Once placed. When placing ridges. A single roof plane has to be selected to place rafters. you already know the thickness of the purlin. You’ll need to familiarize yourself with the Roof Wizard. which is a RoofMaker function that makes the creation of entire roof constructions quick and easy. Although the placement of roof construction elements using RoofMaker works using other methods. beams and ridges. It is also possible to construct different elements of the roof frame individually. before placing the rafters.

or is placed automatically. 1 Open the “10. 2 You need to select next the roof surface in the project. you will create all the roof constructions of your building using the Roof Wizard. By changing the current pen. to which you wish to add structural elements. Roof Wizard Settings” pre-set view in the Navigator. The toolbox appears on the screen.1. two corresponding rafters must be selected (opposite rafters for a collar beam or a tie beam. Modify the position and the form of the toolbox as you wish. Certain parameters concerning the object itself can be set in this dialog box. This way. depending on its type.RoofMaker roof thickness equal to the general cross-section height of the rafters is recommended. The current pen set for the Object is used by default. 10. all the subsequently placed elements will be newly colored. and rafters in the same roof plane for a trimmer). a collar beam or a tie beam. To place a trimmer (blocking). click the “Design > Design Extras > RoofMaker > Show RoofMaker” toolbox command.Chapter 10: Special Constructions . USING THE ROOF WIZARD SETTINGS Modeling Chapter 10_01.mp4 Watch Movie In this chapter.1.pla” ArchiCAD project file. To begin this exercise. Let’s open the “Modeling Chater10. The object is then placed with one or more clicks. Choose the “Roof Wizard” command from the “Design > Design Extras > RoofMaker” menu (or the last icon in the “RoofMaker” Toolbox). Surface materials and a layer can be assigned to all elements.1. A dialog box opens after choosing the command for the placement of an object. you can use the roof to cut elements that are standing upon the rafters. 126 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .

4 Open the “Rafters” panel and set the dimensions as shown. By definition. Also make sure that “Join on slant edges” is selected. Note: While creating rafters.RoofMaker Observe that the appearing “Roof Wizard” dialog box contains five tab pages. You can see two options that control the material and layer of further elements at the bottom left part of the dialog. 5 Switch to the “Beams” tab page. Disable the “Add extra rafters to big gaps” and the “Add extra rafters to corners” options. 3 Select the “Structural–Roof” layer and check that “Wd-Pine Vertical” is selected as your material.Chapter 10: Special Constructions . Rafters will be automatically placed on top of it. As your roof is formed by one plane. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 127 . you don’t need to place a collar or tie beam. which serve to set the different construction elements. the bottom plane of the roof serves as a reference plane. rafters are perpendicular to the reference line of the roof. Switch off the checkmark to disable the relative controls.

Make sure that the “Purlin between rafters” feature is disabled. It can be vertical.Chapter 10: Special Constructions . 9 Leave the settings dialog box.RoofMaker 6 Open the “Purlins” panel now. and set the values for the width and the height of the cross-section. Note: A trimmer is placed at the same height as the rafters. 8 Go to the “Ridges” tab page and switch off “Create Hip Rafters and Valley Rafters”. 128 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . turn off the “Create Eaves Purlins” option. It can be also perpendicular to the rafters. the cross-section height of the rafters has to be set.2. Activate “Create Ridge Purlins”. or rotated to a position perpendicular to the pitch angle of the roof.1. the purlin is placed under the reference plane defined by the roof. 7 Activate the “Trimmers” section of the settings dialog box and customize the values. since this generally supports the rafters from below. If the purlin is placed on top. Open the “10. or be on the top of them. Roof in 3D” pre-set view to check your design in 3D as well. Note: By default. However. an elevation value can be set for the purlin so that it can be higher or lower than the reference plane. The 2D view of the roof structure appears on the floor plan. The 2D symbol also shows the current position.

2. In this section. and select a ridge purlin as shown. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 129 .Chapter 10: Special Constructions . like other ordinary ArchiCAD objects.mp4 Watch Movie The elements of the roof structure can be edited individually. Leave the dialog box by clicking “OK”. 1 Select the roof frame and go to the 3D window by clicking “View > Elements in 3D View > Show Selection/Marquee in 3D”. Go to the tool’s settings dialog box. MODIFYING ELEMENTS OF THE ROOF STRUCTURE Modeling Chapter 10_02. Change the rotation angle to -20º. You will add some additional elements as well. Activate ‘Suspend Group’ in the Standard toolbar. 2 Open the “Parameters” panel and turn on the “Purlin Rotated” option. you will modify the parameters of the placed ridge purlins.RoofMaker 10.

and you can now set purlin parameters. (Clicking outside the polygon produces an error message. 5 Select the roof and click the ‘Create Purlin’ icon.2. Note: If you click inside the roof polygon during the creation of a roof structure’s element. The lines appearing on the floor plan view show the position of the purlins to be added to your project.Chapter 10: Special Constructions . 4 Activate the “10.) 130 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide . and make sure that the purlin is perpendicular to the rafters. In order to do so. 6 Customize the values for the width and height as shown. You will use them as reference lines during the next operation. activate the “Rotated purlin” option.RoofMaker 3 Select the other purlin as shown in the illustration and delete it. The “Purlin Settings” dialog box appears. the axis of the beam will pass through the clicked point parallel to the reference line of the roof. Adding elements to roof structure” pre-set view in the Navigator.

RoofMaker 7 Clicking “OK” returns you to the floor plan with the reference roof surface still selected.com 8 Repeat the same steps to create additional elements.graphisoft. save the project. Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide 131 . Final Model preset View’ and use ArchiCAD's powerful 3D navigating features to explore your model in 3D. Finally. ‘10. We hope it was beneficial for you and we wish you every success in your architectural practice. To place the object. you have succesfully completed the Training.Chapter 10: Special Constructions . You will find further information and Training materials on Graphisoft ArchiCAD’s exceptional Modeling and documentation capabilities on www. With this step. click as shown below. If you are an enthusiast and want to obtain more information about this functionality. Note: The real advantage of RoofMaker consists in the creation of more complex roof planes. visit Graphisoft’s website. Thank you for taking the time to complete the Graphisodt ArchiCAD Modeling Interactive Training Guide. Open the 3D Window by activating the last.

RoofMaker 132 Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® Modeling – Interactive Training Guide .Chapter 10: Special Constructions .

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