School Based Assessment (SBA

)

Social Studies
NAME: Oshin Taylor Teacher name: Mrs. Y.Madhoo Donegan
School: St Thomas Technical 1/9/2012

Name of candidate: Oshin Taylor Teacher: Mrs. Y.Madhoo Donegan School: St Thomas Technical High Territory: Jamaica Centre #: 100118 Candidate#: 1001182437 Topic: illegal drug abuse

Content Page Acknowledgement Introduction Topic. statement of the problem and research question Reason for selecting the topic Method of investigation Instrument used to collect data Procedures of data collection Presentation and explanation of data Interpretation and analysis of data Findings Recommendation and implementation of data Bibliograhy Appendix .

Junior for his assistants and particularly the residents of the community of Bath in taking time out of their busy schedules to complete questionnaires. . Her comments were constructive and proved very valuable. Madhoo Donegan for the reading and commenting on the various chapters. and the entire person for their encouragement and guidance through the steps of the project. I also would like to thank Mr. W. Y.Acknowledgement The successful completion of this project would not have been possible without the assistance and co-operation of the many people who contribute in various ways to this project. colleagues. Thanks also to all my friends. I would therefore like to express gratitude to my subject teacher Mrs.

I Thank you All .

Thomas. clearly indicating that the cases are on a rapid increase. In the conclusion there will be discussion on what the community can do to alleviate the problem. The researcher also wants to find out which drug is mostly abused and by which age group. The researcher is investigating this topic to find out what kind of illegal drugs mostly used in the community of Beacon Hill. Bath is a historical landmark of Jamaica found in the parish of St. This community occupies approximately one thousand (1000) people and their main source of income is in agriculture and self-employment. The use of illegal drug by people has been a social problem in the community of Beacon Hill. Bath and the causes and effects that may occur. Bath. Bath and also worldwide. Over the years civic organizations. the government and educational institutions are becoming more and more alarmed over the increasingly high use of illegal drugs among the citizens in the community of Beacon Hill.Introduction The community of Beacon Hill. .

Bath. Bath and how does it affect their lives? Research Questions: 1. Bath? 2. Bath? 4. Bath? 3. Bath? . Statement of the problem: What are the main contributing factors to the use of illegal drugs among young people in the community of Beacon Hill. What effect does the use of illegal drugs have on the lives of young people in the community of Beacon Hill. What can the government do to help alleviate the usage of illegal drugs among young people in Beacon Hill. What are the main causes of the usage of illegal drugs among young people in the community of Beacon Hill.Topic: The use of illegal drugs among young people in the community of Beacon Hill. What kind of illegal drugs are mostly used by young people in Beacon Hill.

This method of investigation will be used because it guarantees confidentiality. the researcher has decided to use printed questionnaires. The questionnaires will seek to find out the main type of illegal drugs used by the young people in the community of Beacon Hill. It also saves time and money. . as from one typed copy several copies could be made.Method of Investigation In order to collect the relevant data needed for this study. since respondents are not required to state their names. Bath as well as the causes and effect that may occur.

This survey is being carried out to find out the main factors which are contributing to the use of illegal drugs among young people and the effects it has on their lives.Instrument used to collect data Bath district. THANK YOU!! Yours truly. St Thomas Dear community members. This information given will be confidential as most questions require a tick () to respond. At the end of the study the researcher hopes to find suitable recommendation for the problem. studied and also to develop positive work attitude to any given task.O. Please DO NOT includes your name on the questionnaires. This study is been conducted as an assignment for the CXC school based assessment requirements for social studies examination at the general proficiency level. Bath P. Oshin Taylor .

1. Indicate your religion/domination. Indicate your age. Please indicate your answer by placing a tick () at the appropriate answer.Questionnaires Instruction: This questionnaire consists of thirteen (12) questions. Indicate your gender. Employed O Unemployed Professional Self-employed O O O 5. Indicate your employment status.5 years Under 5 years O O O 6. Bath? Marijuana O Cocaine O Ash oil O Heroine O 7. Christianity O Islam Buddhism Rastafarian O O O O O 4. 15 – 20 years O 21 – 25 years O 25 – 30 years O 3. How long have you been living in the community of Bath? Over 20 years O 20 – 10 years 10 . Which illegal drugs are mainly abused by young people within the community of Beacon Hill. Which age group do you think mostly uses illegal drugs in the community? 15 – 20 years O 21 – 25 years O 26 – 30 years O . Male Female 2.

Bath? Very concern Not so concern Not concern O O O 12. What are some programmes that the government can put in place to help those who are involved in usage of illegal drugs in Beacon Hill. Do you think the uses of illegal drugs among young people are increasing in the community of Beacon Hill. Bath? Financial problems as money use to buy drug O Health related problems as for coronary heart disease O Anxiety problems as wanting to know what it’s like O Family break down as separation within family O 10.8. Bath use illegal drugs? Curiosity O Peer pressure O To relief stress O To be relaxed O 9. Bath? Rehabilitation programme Mentorship programme Health fairs Public drugs education programme O O O O . Bath? Yes No O O Not sure O 11. What are some of the reasons why young people in Beacon Hill. What do you think is the main effect that illegal drugs have on the lives of young people in Beacon Hill. How concern are you about the use of illegal drugs among young people in Beacon Hill.

Bath for the last 12 years. . Bath and how does it affect their lives.Reason for selecting this topic The researcher has been living in the community of Beacon Hill. The researcher discovered that many young persons from the community are abusing illegal drugs. For example: illegal drugs. There has been a high rate of usage of illegal drugs and it has been increasing each year in the community. The researcher has realized that drug abuse has been a major problem in the community of Beacon Hill. This drug affects the life of the citizens in the community. such as marijuana. The researcher chose to find out what are the main contributing factors to the use of illegal drugs among young people in Beacon Hill.

The respondents were quite co-operative as all questions were answered. 2011 – November 25. . The questionnaires were issued and answered on the spot over a two week period. The researcher used the stratified sampling technique for the selection of this sample group. 21 – 25 years and 25 – 30 years respectively.Data procedures The researcher study was conducted in the community of Bath. from November 11. 2011. This was done by placing the names of all identified youths who are male on one list then a second list was made with all identified females. A total of 25 respondents were selected for the sample group. between the age group 15 – 20 years. For this sample group 13 males and 12 females were selected. From each list the researcher selected one in every 3 males and females to get the 25 respondents.

Explanation and Presentation of Data Gender 0% 0% Key 48% 52% Females Males Figure one (1): showing a pie chart with the percentage of both genders. Figure 1 shows that 48% of females in the community are interested in the reducing of illegal drug abuse while 52% of males were also interested. .

Age group Age group 15 – 20 years 21 – 25 years 25 – 30 years Percentages 20% 36% 44% Table one (1) Based on the findings presented in table one above. for 44% of the sample were from the age group of 25 – 30 yrs. . 36% of the sample were from the age group of 21 – 25 and 20% of them were from 15 – 20 yrs.

8% were professional and 12% were self – employed. It can be see that 44% were unemployed in the area.employed Figure two (2): the histogram above shows the employment status of respondents. . Figure 2 shows the employment status of respondents within the community of Beacon Hill.Employment status 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 # of samples Key Repondents Employed Unemployed Professional Self . 36% were employed. Bath.

Figure 3 shows that 4% sample indicate that ash oil were mainly abused while 16% of the sample suggested that heroine is abused also. 36% of the sample believe it is mainly abused. The vast majority 48% revealed that marijuana is mainly abused by young people. as for cocaine. Bath? 14 12 10 # of samples 8 6 4 2 0 Marijuana Cocaine respondents Heroine Ash oil Figure three (3): A bar chart showing the types of illegal drugs that are mainly abused by young people.Which illegal drugs are mainly abused by young people within the community of Beacon Hill. .

Figure 4 shows that for 12% of the sample. the usage of illegal drugs help to relief stress. young people abuse illegal drugs because of curiosity. . Bath use illegal drugs? 16 14 12 # of sample 10 8 6 4 2 0 Curiosity Peer Pressure To relief stress To be relaxed Respondents Figure four (4): shows the reasons why young people use illegal drugs. 60% of the sample says that young people use illegal drugs because of peer pressure and 20% of the sample indicated that they use illegal drugs to be relaxed. For another 8% of the sample.What are some of the Reasons why young people in Beacon Hill.

What is the main effect that illegal drugs have on the lives of young people? Options Financial problems as money use to buy illegal drugs Health related problems Anxiety problems Family break downs Percentages 20% 48% 12% 20% Table (2): showing the effects of illegal drugs on the lives of young people. . 20% of the respondents believed that young people lives can be affected by family break downs. Table 2 shows that 20% of the respondents believed that the use of illegal drugs can affect the lives of young people financially while 48% revealed that their lives can be affect by health related problems. Anxiety problems have the least amount of respondent which shows 12% of the sample.

Figure 5 shows a pie graph of different types of programs for those who are involved in the usage of illegal drugs. 8% of the respondents suggested that health fairs can help the abusers.What are some Programmes that the government can put in place for those who are involved in usage of illegal drugs in Beacon Hill. . 16% suggested that mentorship programmes while 20% said that public drugs education programmmes will help. Bath? Key 8% Rehabilitation Programme 16% Public drugs education programme 56% 20% Mentorship programme Health Fairs Figure five (5): some programs that the government can put in place for drug abusers. The majority of the responses are for rehabilitation programmes which have 56%.

The researcher believed this might be so as a result of high – risk behavior which includes juvenile delinquency.” . behaviour therapies. Phil Gadd. written by Mr. if a patient has just been on a tragic accident or if a patient has been abusing drugs.jamaica-gleaner. posted on Sunday October 17. 60% of the sample stated that peer pressure was the main cause of the usage of illegal drugs among young people in the community of Beacon Hill. in 2001. According to the information depicted in figure five (5) the majority of 56% of the sample stated that a rehabilitation programme can be put in place to help those who involve in usage of illegal drugs in Beacon Hill. “said his ministry. rehabilitation method differ from one (1) patient to the next. produced a report which showed that one of twelve (12) person with HIV/AIDS and coronary heart disease had used crack or cocaine and marijuana. Bath was by health related problems which was 48% of the sample.com that “a rehabilitation programme is important whether a patient has just been out of a hospital due to cardiac problems. It was stated on the website: www.” The researcher has realized that from the figure three (3) a vast majority of the sample was revealed by 48% that marijuana was the main illegal drug mostly used by young people of Beacon Hill. The research carried out as shown in table two (2) that the effect of the usage of illegal drugs have on the lifes of young people in the community of Beacon Hill. This is because patients of drug abuse need to undergo withdrawal. Bath. According to the book. Human/Social Biology. Bath. Rudyard Spencer. The researcher believed that it might be so because young people believed that with the use of marijuana it will help them to become relaxed and relief stress. that the health minister. However. Bath.com.Analysis and Interpretation of data According to the data shown in figure four (4).” The research also stated that 52% of the sample revealed that the males are highly interested to reduce the usage of illegal drug abused by young people of Beacon Hill. “marijuana is also known as ‘ganja’ and is taken to produce euphoria (to get ‘high’) and is followed later by ‘low’ with feelings of despair. According to the website: www. This will teach them that the usage of any illegal drug can harm the body and will help them to stop abuse illegal drugs. psychological support and the other treatments to ensure immediate and long – lasting results. This is so because of the increasing of death which is caused by chronic diseases. 2010. Bath.go60.

Bath the residents say that marijuana was the illegal drugs that was mainly abused by young people. Peer pressure was revealed as the main causes of the usage of illegal drugs. This was indicated by 60%. Bath. In the community of Beacon Hill. It was indicated by 48%of the sample. . The main effect of the usage of illegal drugs among young people is that 48% of the sample revealed that their lifes can affected by health related problems. 2. 3. The findings include: 1.Findings The researcher has revealed a number of deficiencies with the use of illegal drugs in Beacon Hill.

Bath on the harmful effects of the usage of illegal drugs and also a health free day where they are checkup and treated if they are ill. . Implementation Member of the bath community sports club can invite members from health departments to lecture to the residents of Beacon Hill.Recommendation  Health related problems could be hugely reduced of young people had to enroll in visiting the doctor for regular checkups for any chronic diseases.  The usage of marijuana can be reduced by implementing strict rules/laws about the usage of the illegal drug.

Bibliography Gadd. 2003. Beechwood Avenue.html . Jamaica: Kingston 5. ed. Phil. http://jamaica-gleaner.html http://www.com/articles/rehabilitation/rehabilitation.go60.com/gleaner/20080130/news/news1. Human and Social Biology for CSEC Examinations.

Appendix .

Persons may return to drug abuse after long periods of abstinence. Do not use overeating or drugs to cope with stress as these make things worse. cigarettes or other drugs. norephinephrine and increases the production of a hormone in the body called Corticotrophin Releasing Factor (CRF). 2. CRF is found in the brain and initiates our biological response to stressors. 3. daily lives of most Jamaicans have been disrupted in the aftermath of Hurricane Wilma. Don't overwhelm yourself. This suggests a connection between stress and drug abuse. handle each task as it comes or prioritise. Learn to say no. Take 15-20 minutes per day to sit quietly. 9. Many workers and students are sleep deprived. Count to 10 before answering when you feel angry. Do something for others to help to get your mind off yourself. Here are 10 helpful tips to keep stress under control: 1. Some are responding to stress by reaching for alcohol. breathe deeply and think of peaceful situations. Stressors differ for each of us but researchers have identified how the body responds to stress. 2005 THE NORMAL.Stress and drug abuse published: Wednesday | November 2. . It is time to seek professional help if stress is interfering with your school work. STRESS AND STRESSORS Exposure to stress is one of the most powerful triggers for relapse to substance abuse in addicted individuals. Exercise regularly and work off the stress. 4. tropical depressions and relentless rainfall. 10. These times may be more difficult for persons vulnerable to substance abuse or recovering from addiction. 6. certain regions of the brain show increased levels of CRF. Commuting is now time-consuming and more exhausting. Prolonged stress causes these changes to become harmful. Much of the damage may be prevented if we pay attention to our emotional well-being and turn to healthy ways to manage stress. Mild or acute stress can produce useful changes such as improving our attention and increasing our capacity to store and integrate life-protecting information. Most drugs that are abused also cause increased CRF levels. Experts say that stress causes the release of the neurotransmitter. During all negative experiences. The emotional impact of the present situation is affecting persons in various ways. Stressful events and exposure to trauma may have a powerful influence on drug abuse. 8. Look for the good in situations instead of the bad. STRESS MANAGEMENT TIPS You must learn to recognise stress and then find someone whom you can talk with about your concern. Children may be affected far into the future. 5. 7. Try to get enough sleep as lack of rest aggravates stress. We all need to be alert to the fact that there is now a special need for community care and support. remove yourself from stressful situations. It is propitious that November is Drug Awareness Month during which time we will be constantly reminded about the importance of avoiding drug use and abuse to escape present realities. Think ahead about what may upset you and try to avoid it. Learn to accept the things that you cannot change. job performance or social life.

rehabilitation could help your body achieve the normal daily functions by different kinds of recovery techniques. or if a patient has been abusing drugs or alcohol. This is because each treatment is conducted individually to fit the patient’s medical. injuries or disorders is important to improve one’s medical and mental health through different techniques. Patients who need rehabilitation from alcohol or drug abuse require treatment programs that are as complicated as rehabilitation from injuries and diseases. Centers and More Rehabilitation is defined as a combination of methods that are focused in restoring the patient’s useful life. Rehabilitation is important whether a patient has just been out from a hospital due to cardiac problems. providing counseling or family support and restoring the physical fitness.Information about Rehabilitation Services. rehabilitation can provide the needed help for the patients to return to work or home. Rehabilitation. On the other hand. medication and support. such as lung and heart problems. rehabilitation can help in improving functionality of movements and maximizing one’s health. who have experienced injuries or who have chronic drug addiction. addressing risk factors. . accidents or other reasons. psychological and sociological aspects in achieving full recovery. Through this kind of rehabilitation. psychological support and other treatments to ensure immediate and long-lasting results. When a person undergoes rehabilitation after a disease. Rehabilitation from injuries requires constant care by providing exercise therapies to regain muscles lost and recover from trauma experienced by allowing contact to other patients who have experienced similar injuries. Whether physical or psychological. However. if a patient has just been on a tragic accident. not only is the physical aspects covered. This is because patients of drug and alcohol abuse need to undergo withdrawal. but also the mental. Whether you have been in an accident or just experienced a medical problem. Different Kinds of Rehabilitation Any kind of rehabilitation strives to meet one goal – to improve the lives of those who have been diagnosed with a disease. experts examine the patient by treating symptoms. cancer or other disease that may affect physical functions. rehabilitation from diseases. behavior therapies. regardless of cause and treatments needed. rehabilitation from injuries and diseases need constant care and supervision from health experts in improving function abilities and maintaining proper medical health. If a person has gone through injuries from sports. rehabilitation methods differ from one patient to the next. spinal disorders. can help people in regaining their social status by enabling them to live normal and healthy lives. physical and psychological needs. For patients who have been diagnosed with diseases.

536 students who were randomly sampled across 70 schools. said any programme aimed at prevention of drug abuse is worth funding. NCDA executive director. A referral service will also be available. The programme is sponsored by the National Health Fund (NHF) to the tune of $11. as breakdown in family life and poor parenting is believed to cause many negative effects on society and health. adolescents and their families at the community level.8 million. executive director of the NCDA. In his remarks. The health minister said his ministry." Tucker said the centres would offer targeted interventions. exhibiting behavioural problems. parenting skills training. . said all Jamaicans should be concerned about the increase in the number of young people who are using drugs. public information officer at the NHF. the National Council on Drug Abuse (NCDA) yesterday launched 10 community clinics for substance abusers and their families. Rudyard Spencer. "But it is our view that one of the most effective ways to assist those who have fallen prey to this negative habit is through a programme of support at the community level. Citing the 2006 National School Survey for Jamaica.Junior Dowie/Staff Photographer With some 187. Spencer noted that it was revealed that an illegal drug was used by 44 per cent of the 4. attempting suicide and becoming parents at an early age. promiscuous. Rosemarie Lee. life skill training for substance abusers and adolescents and counsellor development workshops." Spencer said." s . Breakdown in family "There is a continued growing concern about family. produced a report which showed that one out of 12 persons with HIV/AIDS had used crack or cocaine. "It is clear that a successful substance use and abuse prevention and treatment programme would have a positive impact on cross cutting areas such as crime and violence and HIV/AIDS.000 Jamaicans addicted to various substances. 2008 Minister of Health Rudyard Spencer stands to give his address during the National Council on Drug Abuse (NCDA) launch of 10 community clinics for substance abusers and their families at the Knutsford Court Hotel yesterday. The centres will be operated through partnership with community-based non-governmental organisations and tertiary level training institutions. Applauding the Health Minister is Michael Tucker.Clinics to combat substance abuse published: Wednesday | January 30. High-risk behaviours He said there was a well-known link between drug abuse and high-risk behaviours such as unprotected sex and crime and violence. in 2001." said Michael Tucker. He continued: "There is evidence of our youths being depressed. children. which include professional counselling and support. during the launch of the programme. which have a significant impact on the public health system. whereby cases that cannot be dealt with at the centres would be sent to the institutions that provide the help needed. The aim of the two-year pilot project is to operate a comprehensive intervention programme for substance abusers. experimenting with drugs. minister of health. at the Knutsford Court Hotel.

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