MEC1105 WORKSHOP TECHNOLOGY
Section 1, 2, 3, & 4
• Relevance • Definition • Do’s & Don’ts • Illustrations • Operational Issues •Q&A
• Address two of the most prominent safety issues – Developing a good safety attitude in you – Providing introductory safety training – the importance of safety in the Kulliyyah
LAWS OF MALAYSIA . for protecting others against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work. to establish the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health and for matters connected therewith.Act 514 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT 1994 An Act to make further provisions for securing the safety.
. health and welfare of persons at work.
satisfaction.judgment of the acceptability of danger (hazard & risk) where • Hazard – injury producer • Risk – probability that an injury will occur • 85 % of accidents caused by human: training is extremely important – to recognize hazard & to work safely
. comfort. learning • These two normally conflict – the need for juggling skill • Safety .• Human/machine/workplace interaction • Maximizes quality and efficiency of work • Maximizes human values such as safety.
Substitution 3. Personal protective equipment (PPE)
. Isolation 4. Engineering controls 5.DO’S & DON’TS (1)
• Occupational Safety & Health Act 1994 – Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards – Regulations 1995 • Control of occupational hazards 1. Elimination 2.
. hot metal chips. ¬ Footwear must be worn all the time to prevent injury – molten aluminum. finger rings and other accessories are some possible sources of accident. Loose clothing. slip ¬ Be attentive while you are in the workshop.DO’S & DON’TS (2)
• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ Wear proper attire i. workshop jacket & proper shoes.e. Never put your hands in your trousers lest you may be caught in the state of nonreadiness
¬ Pay attention to details. ¬ Make sure you understand your machine & the procedures before you start working. Always think before you carry out any step. ¬ Check your vicinity. Ensure the floor is clean & clear from oils. Be calm but serious. obstructions and debris. ¬ Do not start any machine before obtaining instructions from your instructor.• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ Do not run in the workshop.
DO’S & DON’TS (3)
Remove any loose parts such as chuck key. switch off the machine using the Emergency button.• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ Locate the Emergency button or foot pedal. In the event of any accident. etc. ¬ Ensure work-pieces are properly clamped or secured to the machine. ¬ Never let anyone handle the starting switch for you.
DO’S & DON’TS (4)
. – flying chuck key (faint) & flying work-piece ¬ Always wear goggles where fine chips are produced – bloated eye. vice handle.
¬ When you are operating any machine.• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ Use machine guards all the time. stand at a proper distance. You may break the tool and worse still. Stop the machine first…
DO’S & DON’TS (5)
. ¬ Never handle machines or work-pieces during running. ¬ Do not use hand(s) or finger(s) to stop moving or rotating machines or parts of machines – legs between rollers ¬ Do not set the tools when the machine is running. you may injure yourself.
etc. lest they may get into your eyes.• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ Do not distract a person while he or she is operating a machine. dust from vices. Wait till he or she completes the operation & stop the machine before doing so – Do not be playful – NO PRACTICAL JOKES ¬ Do not use hands to clear metal chips – 600 ~ 700OC (chip-tool interface) ¬ Do not take measurement while machine or work-piece is moving ¬ Do not blow chips.
DO’S & DON’TS (6)
heat treatment & casting activities ¬ Beware of high voltages. stop the machine & get clarification and help. ¬ Stop any machine before leaving it. Never leave any machine running unattended.
DO’S & DON’TS (7)
.• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ When facing with problems or uncertainty. ¬ Beware of high temperatures associated with metal chips. Do not interfere with electrical equipment or connections. welding. Ensure all machines are properly earthed.
Grinding tools rotate at great circumferential speed ¬ Damaged grinding tools & wheels must not be used ¬ Do not run any machining exceeding the maximum allowable speeds ¬ Beware of sharp or ragged edges
DO’S & DON’TS (8)
. Working under unnecessary pressure may lead to accidents ¬ Grinding tools must be set up by experienced personnel.• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ Protect your eyes from bright lights & ears from loud sounds ¬ Plan your time properly.
oils. cutters.• Do’s and Don’ts to prevent accidents ¬ Report any injury. Good understanding. calmness and common sense prevail. cut or scratch. machines & surrounding area from debris.
DO’S & DON’TS (9)
. no matter how trivial it may be to your instructor ¬ Clean the tools. grease & coolants whenever necessary and after completing your work Clean working + good order = safety ¬ Return all tools to store or original cabinet ¬ Never handle heavy objects unaided. • The above list is not exhaustive. metal chips.
What precautions should I take when working with this material? 4.ILLUSTRATIONS (2)
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
1. Is there anything else I should know about this substance?
. What should I do if a problem occurs? 3. and what are its hazards? 2. What is the material.
Slips. and falls account for more workplace injuries annually than any other accident category. trips. Many of these injuries can be disabling.
. or even fatal.
Danger of working with machinery Minimizing risks by proper installation and use of safety guards and devices.
. The risk of accidents from powered machinery is so great OSHA estimates that lack of machine guarding is the second most frequent safety violation in industry today.
Physiology of the body Parts of the body most effected Eye strain Preventative measures Industrial Ergonomics Correct use of office equipment Exercises and stress release
Good safety housekeeping can significantly reduce accidents and injuries in any type of work environment.ILLUSTRATIONS (7)
Prevent workplace accidents by paying attention to safety housekeeping considerations. employees can help to create a much safer workplace.
By developing good safety habits / by being aware of their work environment and any hazards associated with it. Safety awareness Handling rubbish and excess materials Keeping aisles and stairways clean Using ropes and electric cords Dealing with hazardous chemicals Tool maintenance Proper tool storage
glasses and goggles)
Inspecting welding equipment
. filters.ILLUSTRATIONS (8)
Authorization for welding operations Sparking and fire risk Guards and protective barriers Hazardous fumes and ventilation Proper welding safety procedures The use of respirators
Eye protection (welding helmets.
Many eye problems caused by not paying attention to the work or by not wearing the appropriate protective equipment. and statistics show that eye injuries occur frequently in the workplace. Selecting and using appropriate personal protective equipment Short and long-term effects of eye injuries
. Reminds employees that eye injuries can easily happen to them Our eyes are really very fragile.
Matching the tool to the job Importance of state of mind Good safety practices Personal protective equipment Most common cause of workplace Tool care and maintenance injuries today is due to employees not using personal protective equipment (PPE) as they work.
How to properly use PPE Matching equipment to the hazard The limitations of various PPE The proper use of PPE
and a number of other functions. heating. and employees who work with them need to know how to handle them properly.
Associated hazards Moving and transporting cylinders safely Positioning cylinders properly Proper hook-up procedures Safe storage practices Storage incompatibilities
. welding.ILLUSTRATIONS (12)
Compressed gas is used for many things refrigeration. Compressed gas can be dangerous.
Common causes of workplace fires Importance of good housekeeping Other fire prevention measures Various types of fire extinguishers Using fire extinguishers Evacuation and other employee responsibilities First aid
. Work practices can contribute to the risk of fire.ILLUSTRATIONS (13)
Workplace fires cause hundreds of millions of dollars in damage and result in numerous employee injuries. many of which are fatal.
and tragedy could strike. or a brief moment of inattention.
Physical and mental preparation Equipment inspection Hazard assessment Overhead cranes General and operational safety devices Crane operations Hand signals
. Crane-related accidents can often be deadly. and that they are the key to preventing these incidents.ILLUSTRATIONS (14)
Over 90% of crane-related accidents are caused by human error. due to the cumbersome and heavy loads that are lifted.
A small miscalculation.
Sources of air contamination Adhesives. solvents and vehicle exhaust A building's occupants affect indoor air quality Smoking and second-hand smoke The use of humidifiers and dehumidifiers
INDOOR AIR QUALITY
Heating and air-conditioning systems
or as minor as a small cut. Not a day goes by without some type of injury occurring.
Cuts and bleeding Muscle pulls and sprains Burns Broken bones Shock Artificial respiration and CPR
Knowing basic first aid can often limit the severity of any type of injury. It can be as serious as a chemical burn. or even prevent a death. as well as their life off the job.
Any injury can be painful and affect an employee's work performance.
Full cooperation with any inquiry.
Focus to determine the cause of an accident
Goal to prevent similar accidents from happening Root-cause analysis Importance of investigative interviews Reporting near misses
Warning signs in accident prevention
Accidents and injuries occur less frequently with those who are healthier and in better shape.ILLUSTRATIONS (20)
How small changes in lifestyles can produce big benefits. Good wellness and fitness can significantly help to improve safety records. The importance of attitude Blood pressure and other stress related conditions Nutrition and weight control Drug and alcohol use Exercise Smoking
permission must be obtained using the official form: ¬Signature of the accompanying technician(s) ¬Signature of Workshop Coordinator
.safety ¬ In the event that you require to do so. ¬ Plan your time & work properly to avoid rush jobs .OPERATIONAL ISSUES (1)
• Working after office hours ¬ Plan your time properly to avoid the need to work after working hours.
OPERATIONAL ISSUES (2)
• Working after office hours ¬ Minimum number of students working at any time in one particular area – two (2) ¬ Maximum working time is 10:00 pm (in a big group)
THE END IQ + EQ + SQ = TQ