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Billy Elliot Notes Setting Billy Elliot is set in a small mining village of Country Durham, situated in north England.

. Its set during the times of Britains worst industrial dispute, with the coal miners. The film examines the relationships of the coal mining family struggling to come to terms with the impact of the strike. The strike has split the community into two sides. Billy comes from a strong mining and boxing orientated family. The miners conflict is the backdrop for Billys own conflicts in his household and in hes head. Billys mother passed away who has resulted in his household being male dominated. The whole family is confused because the fathers isnt sure of the outcome of the strike, while his brother Tony is almost certain of a win, and hes grandmother barely known what going on.p Characters Billy Billy is the youngest in the household and is still coming to terms with the death of hes mother and the expectations of becoming a man. Hes expected to fulfill the tradition of boxing and mining but he find a love in dance, as a form of expression himself. Dance is also a means of liberation and freedom for Billy. Billy has a inner strength to make his dream a reality, even though he wasnt supported as a dancer in the beginning. He has a natural ability. Mrs Wilkinson She is trapped in her middle-class world, and she is in a loveless marriage to a man who cheated on her and spends his unemployed days drinking. She is important because she is the catalyst for Billys journey into the world. Her relationship with Billy progresses throughout the movie, as she treats him like an equal, and not a child. She takes on the nurturing role as she helps him fulfill his dreams to become a dancer. Although her attitude toward Billy changes by the end, her situation dosent, as shes still trapped in her meaningless life and doesnt even attend Billys first major performance. Jackie Is the patriarch of the family who holds onto traditional masculine values. He wants Billy to uphold the family tradition of boxing and mining and he results in violence as a result of frustration and built up anger as a result of the death of hes wife and lack of employment. He is hurt to see that Billy wont uphold his family tradition but becomes a support network onces he realizes the talent Billy has, as a result of the dance of defiance. He ends up supporting Billy financially with his dream of being a dancer, even if it mean going back to work during the strike and selling his dead wifes jewelry. On the night of Billy performance, we see Jacky stepping out into the new world, emotionally and physically. Tony Tony is facing the same hardships as the rest of the family, with the loss of his mother and the lack of unemployment. He is a loud, rude and obnoxious character who doesnt mind saying what he thinks. He appears to be selfish and care only about hes world, not even listening to Jacky.

It is only when Tony see the sacrifice Jacky makes for Billys dancing career by crossing the picket line, does Tony become supportive of Billys dancing. In this scene we also see his emotional side as he cries with his father.

Michael His character functions to contrast the gender implications of the Billy Elliot character. Michael doesnt care about what others think of him, as seen with his refusal to attend boxing and him dressing in womens clothing. Michael has already made his own journey into the world and help Billy realize that he should do all he can to fulfill his dream, regardless of what everyone else thinks. Themes Dances Dance is a major theme as its a mean of self-expression for Billy but it also functions as a means of liberation. It is through dance that allows Billy to make his journey into the world, to grow beyond the limitations of hes family and community. Billys dream is become a professional dancer but his dream is met with opposition through societys views on gender. Growing Up The film is based upon the story of Billy growing up amidst the hardship of the family and the miners strike on the community. In Billys mothers letter that was left for Billy, it told him to stay true to himself, which results in him being true to his passion whilst growing up. Billy and Michael are the two main characters who grew up, and they both shared the socioeconomic problems caused by the miners strike and the communities ideological beliefs of what should do. Jacky also grows up too, as he learns how to deal with the death of his wife and raise his two boys. In accepting Billys passion for dance, he develops a closer relationship with both his children. Scene Analysis Opening Scene Establishes Billy, and hes morning routine. Introduces the problems in his life; a poor community, his grandmother, riot squad. Music represents Billys joy and freedom when dancing. Close up/fixed camera/slow motion Billy jumping of the bed creates a sense of surrealism, the idea that dancing is his form of escapism from his tough life. Close up/tracking shot Billy running to find his gmother. Running is a continual motif Billys running represents a need to escape. Billy Dancing in the Bathroom/Dancing Montage Billy accepts dances as a hobby and takes it seriously. He attends more ballet lessons and practices wherever he can (eg. Bathroom). He enjoys ballet more and more. First sense of transitioning in the world of ballet. Repetition of prepare and go indicates his passion developing and the amount of focus he has for his goal.

Wide angle/Long shot Billy dancing down the street, indicating joy and a sense of improvement.

Dance of Defiance Bill accepts Michael homosexuality and teaches Michael the ballet moves that he learnt from Mrs. Wilkinson. Billy feels guilty when his father walks into the hall but he overcomes his doubts, develops courage and dances in front of his father. Low angle shot/Mis en scene when Jacky walks into the hall. Indicates a significant event is about to happen. Close proximity suggests a confrontation. Close Up On Billy faces when he sees his father enter the hall, a sense of proudness and determination. Looking for Alibrandi Josephine is seemingly discontent with her lack of social status, which has impelled her to seek a new world to enter. This however was not a smooth transition; rather it was one that entailed a matrix of obstacles ranging from stereotypical preconceptions to social expectations that she had to overcome The fact that Josephine has never met her father and the expectations of the Italian community create a psychological barrier that encumbers her process of entering a new world. Quotes Looking For Alibrandi Title Is a metaphor for the protagonist, Josephine, as during the novel she faces the difficulties of her Italian heritage and the expectations of that. She has trouble with her self-identity and just wants to break free into the world. They stifle me with ridiculous rules and regulations from Europe Ill run one day To be free Not as an Australian and not as an Italian. I'll run to be emancipated." TONE (REFLECTIVE) A lack of understanding of her Italian heritage results in Josie striving for freedom, where she can do what she wants without thought, where she can truly belong. You live with such freedom, Jacob. You live without religion and culture Jacob: Its you who makes it (your life) difficult. Break away from those rules Josie. Make your own. IRONYShe realizes it was her own thoughts that were holding her back, from being truly free. "Relief because I was finally beginning to feel free. From whom? Myself, I think." IRONY Josie realized that the only thing that was stopping her emancipation was herself. "I remembered when we spoke about achieving our emancipation. The horror is that he had to die to achieve his. The beauty is that I'm living to achieve mine. MOTIF Main theme is the emancipation of Josie, and the word is referred to several times throughout the novel. Reoccurring theme.

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