FORM OF THE PRESENT PERFECT

THE PRESENT PERFECT USES THE AUXILIARY HAVE AND THE PAST PARTICIPLE

I HAVE FINISHED MY WORK SHE HAS BEEN TO CHINA. HAVE YOU SEEN MY PEN?

FORM: THINGS TO NOTE
THE AUXILIARY HAVE CHANGES FORM: I HAVE, YOU HAVE, WE HAVE BUT HE HAS, SHE HAS, JOHN HAS

USING CONTRACTIONS IN THE PRESENT PERFECT

I’VE = I HAVE HE’S = HE HAS

YOU’VE= YOU HAVE SHE’S = SHE HAS

WE’VE = WE HAVE

THEY’VE = THEY HAVE

PRACTICE USING CONTRACTIONS
• WE HAVE JUST SOLVED THE PROBLEM.
We’ve just solved the problem.

SHE HAS NEVER BEEN TO FRANCE.
She’s never been to France. THEY HAVE BEEN MARRIED FOR 5 YEARS.

They’ve been married for 5 years.

YOU HAVE SEEN THAT MOVIE.
You’ve seen that movie.

THINGS TO NOTE
• THE PAST PARTICIPLE IS FORMED  IN REGULAR VERBS BY ADDING -ED  IN IRREGULAR VERBS THE WHOLE FORM CHANGES SEE, SAW, SEEN DO, DID, DONE EAT, ATE, EATEN

INDEFINITE TIME IN THE PAST FOR DURATION OF AN ACTION OR STATE FROM PRESENT TO PAST

SINCE

TIME SIGNALS FOR INDEFINITE TIME
JUST
NO TIME SIGNAL

recently
ALREADY

ever
YET LATELY

EXAMPLES OF INDEFINITE TIME
You have seen that movie. He has just finished his project. The books have not arrived yet. They have already eaten lunch. I have never met her husband. Have you ever tasted sushi?

EXTRA PRACTICE WITH INDEFINITE TIME
• Excuse me, but have we met (we meet) ? You look familiar. • I’m not hungry. I ‘ve just had(just have) lunch. How many people have you (you invite) to the party? Can you let me in? I ‘ve forgotten (forget) my key.

DURATION OF TIME
• Use for an action, event, or state that started in the past but continues (or can continue) into the present
Used most often with
 for  since I’ve been on the phone for 10 I’ve been on the phone since 8

minutes. o’clock.  how long How long have I been on the phone?

DURATION OF TIME – TIME SIGNALS
for
since Tuesday 10 o’clock this morning

years
A long time so far …many years

…the past year

USING FOR AND SINCE
• Use for
o With an amount (length) of time …for a year …for 3 hours …for 2 days …for a long time

• Use since
o With a specific moment in time …since 1995 …since I woke up …since last Tuesday …since 8 a.m.

DURATION OF TIME EXAMPLES
I’ve known her for many years.
She has been waiting here for over an hour.  They have been in Canada for the past ten years. He has owned his home since 1995.

She has taught here for many years.
She has not seen him in ages.

PRACTICING THE PRESENT PERFECT I
have been waiting have you done

(wait) for the bus for 20 minutes!

What

(do) to my hair? It’s awful!
haven’t finished

I can’t go to the party with you. I ( finish) my homework.

Where is Marc? He ‘s gone (go) shopping for Food. How long
have you worked

(you work) here?

PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT WITH FOR AND SINCE
James has not seen his brother for ten years. We have had an Internet connection since last September. for 2 weeks. She has had that cough Louis has played the piano since he was a child. I haven’t seen Claire since she graduated. I have not slept well since last Friday.

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