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Contents:
INTRODUCTION

## FIELD TESTS FOR DYNAMIC PROPERTIES

REFERENCES
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INTRODUCTION
SOIL DYNAMICS:
Soil dynamics is the branch of soil mechanics that deals with the behavior of soil under dynamic load, including the analysis and the stability of earth-supported and earth retaining structures.
Soil Dynamic Properties: Properties (Behavior) of Soil under dynamic loading. Most commonly, these properties include Shear wave velocities Vs, Shear Modulus G, Damping D and Poisons Ratio .
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## IMPORTANCE OF DYNAMIC SOIL PROPERTIES

Earthquake, ground vibration, and wave propagation through soils Dynamic stress, deformation, and strength properties of soils Dynamic earth pressure problem Dynamic bearing capacity problems and design of shallow foundations Problems related to soil liquefaction Design of foundations for machinery and vibrating equipment Design of embedded foundations and piles under dynamic loads Stability of embankments under earthquake loading
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## 1. Shear Wave Velocity, Vs

For Soil Characterization As Particle motion is perpendicular to the wave motion, so it can be used for determining shear properties of soil skeleton.

2. Shear Modulus, G

Used for defining stiffness matrices in FEM of Earth structures and foundation soils

3. Damping Ratio, D Ability of System to absorb dynamic energy Controls the duration and mode of Vibration
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## i. Laboratory tests and results

ii. Field tests and measurements

iii. Empirical correlations for the shear modulus and damping ratio
Shear Modulus and Damping Ratio are obtained from field and lab test and are the most important parameters for design work.
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## 1) For Saturated Clays:

Unconsolidated - Undrained Trixial Tests Cu = Undrained Shear Strength

() =

; = 1 3
For Strain of 42% to 50%

() = ()

## For most of the practical cases

() () Free Powerpoint Templates

1.5

(Carroll 1963)

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## Fig. Typical Triaxial Test Apparatus Free Powerpoint Templates

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2) For Sands:
Vacuum Triaxial tests on dry sands Compressive Strength, = 1 3
Whereas, 1 = Effective Major Principal stress at failure
3 = Effective Minor Principal stress

1 3 1 +3

## Similarly, for Dynamic Friction Angle,

=
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tL = Loading Time tD = Decay time () = . . ()

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UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGHT OF A CLAY FOR VARYING TIME OF LOADING Free Powerpoint Templates Page 13

## For determining Shear Modulus and Damping Ratio of Soil

Damping Ratio = Decay of Oscillations after disturbance = C/Cc

## Where, C = Damping Coefficient Cc = Critical Damping Coefficient

Sample Size: h = 20-30mm, d = 60-80mm Sample under Vertical Effective Stress, and Cyclic Shear Stress,

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G=

. . ; . .

D=

. ( ) &

Go Back

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and and

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## Used to determine Modulus of Elasticity E & Damping Ratio D

Confining Pressure 3 and Axial Cyclic Stress is applied

Strain-Controlled Test
(Servo-System is used)

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## To calculate Shear Modulus, G

= ( + )

= Damping Ratio, D

&

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## Cyclic Torsional Simple Shear Test

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Summary

And or

And Or For

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## For Calculating Spring Constant K & Shear Modulus G

Trench is excavated at the depth of 0.75m (depth of foundation). Steel plate 25mm thick and 762mm diameter Loading is done at the rate of 25% increment until negligible settlement rate (0.25mm/hour) Plate is unloaded in short time but gradually. Rebound of soil is noted and plate is again loaded to the next increment.

Preparation

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= (
= (

)
)

+ 2

## Wf = Foundation width Wp = Plate Width ( ) = .

= , = . , Free Powerpoint Templates =
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## Free Powerpoint Templates

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Best method for low strain shear wave velocity At least Two bore holes required

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## Free Powerpoint Templates

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Recently Developed Technique Combination of Down-hole technique with standard CPT Less expensive than other seismic techniques Seismic Receiver is attached to the cone

## Penetration is paused temporarily

Shear force is induced at surface with drop hammer. Rest of the process is like Down hole technique
Shear Wave Velocity Vs is calculated by dividing the difference in travel paths b/w two depth by time diff. of two signals recorded. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 28

## Free Powerpoint Templates

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REFERENCES
Determination of dynamic soil properties using geophysical methods by Ronaldo Luna and Houda Jadi

## Soil Dynamics, Braja M. Das

In situ determination of dynamic soil properties, Jaehun Ahn

Seismic Cone Analysis using digital signal processing, R G Campanella & W. P. Stewert Unified Facilities Criteria (ufc), Soil Mechanics: Department of Defense, USA

## Soil Dynamic, Shamsher Prakash

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