understand. . The device building be transparent in the visible –a true challenge! The first scientific goal of this technology must be to discover. and transportation. and implement transparent highperformance electronic materials.Transparent electronics is an emerging science and technology field focused on producing ‘invisible’ electronic circuitry and opto-electronic devices. new energy sources. depending on the final product device specifications. The third goal relates to achieving application-specific properties since transistor performance and materials property requirements vary. The second goal is their implementation and evaluation in transistor and circuit structures. Applications include consumer electronics.

Application 8. reference 1. Combining optical transparency with electrical conductivity 3. Carrier generation in TCO’s 5.Introduction 2. Transparent thin film transistor [TTFT] 7. Electrical property of TCO hosts 4. . Future scope 9. Transparent electronic devices 6. Conclusion 10.

 The basic device structure is based on semiconductor junctions and transistors. Transparent electronics is an emerging science and technology field focused on producing ‘invisible’ electronic circuitry and optoelectronic devices Civilian and military applications in this research field include real-time wearable displays.  The transparence of all the junctions and circuitry is a true challenge   This area is dominated by the transparent conducting oxides[TCO] .

ZnO and CdO. Burstein Moss shift. SnO2. . Complex interplay between the Transparency and conductivity properties. whereas metallic conductivity appears when the Fermi level lies within a band with a large density of states to provide high carrier concentration. This combination is achieved in several commonly used oxides – In2O3.    A Transparent material is an insulator which possesses completely filled valence and empty conduction bands.

hence. Conventional n-type TCO hosts (In2O3. SnO2. CdO and ZnO) share similar chemical and electronic properties.   . In TCO’s there will be Metal s –oxygen p over laping occurs Little sensitivity of the Ms–Op overlap and. of the electron effective mass to structural variations may explain the success of amorphous TCOs whose optical and electrical properties remain similar to those in the crystalline state.

  SUBSTITUTIONAL DOPING OXYGEN REDUCTION .The optical and transport properties of a conventional TCO are governed by the efficiency and the specifics of the carrier generation mechanism employed.

 Passive Resistors Inductors Capacitors and linear devices  Transparent Thin Film Transisitors [TTFT’s] .

Glass plates 2/3 .Thin film transistors 10 .RGB colour mask 5/6 .Front electrode 11 .1 .Rear electrodes .Horizontal and vertical command lines 7 .Rugged polymer layer 8 .Horizontal and vertical polarisers 4 .Spacers 9 .

if VDS is positive. If a gate voltage. VON. Thus. No drain current flows if the gate-source voltage.. i. a positive voltage is applied to the drain in order to attract electrons from the source to the drain. since electrons are not present in the channel. it is the low carrier concentration nature of the channel which holds off the flow of drain current between the source and the drain for VGS’s below VON. The amount of drain current. VGS..e. depends upon whether or not an electron accumulation layer exists at the channel-insulator interface. is less than the turn-on voltage. greater than VON is applied while a positive voltage exists at the drain.With the source grounded. VGS. drain current flows .

such as seethrough display or novel display structures. .Transparent circuits will have unprecedented applications in flat panel displays and other electronic devices. including WA simulants. Here. Novel Display Structure – Front Drive Structure. Indium oxide nanowire mesh as well as indium oxide thin films were used to detect different chemicals. practical examples taking advantage of the transparency of TAOS TFTs are: Reversible Display. Color Microencapsulated Electrophoretic Display. 'Front Drive’ Structure for Color Electronic Paper.

. the stability of transparency solar cells has not beenstudied yet. Solutionprocessable transparent PSCs have become a promisingemerging technology for tandem solar cell application to increase energyconversion efficiency.It should be apparent from the discussion that although much progress has beenmade in developing new materials and devices for high performance transparentsolar cells. In particular. The transparency of solar cells at a specific light band willalso lead to newapplications such as solar windows. there is still plenty of opportunity to study and improve deviceperformance and fabrication techniques compared with the nontransparent solarcell devices.

The combination of high field effect mobility and low processing temperature for oxide semiconductors makes them attractive for high performance electronics on flexible plastic substrates. and this novel technology may also serve as an example of the business opportunities arising from the challenges caused by climate changes The transparency of solar cells at a specific light band will also lead to new applications such as solar windows. enables the realization of novel transparent OLED displays. EC device technology for the built environment may emerge as one of the keys to combating the effects of global warming. such as TFTs. OLEDs and transparent electronics. .Oxides represent a relatively new class of semiconductor materials applied to active devices. The marriage of two rapidly evolving areas of research.

com . J.wikipedia.F.      Transparent Electronics ’.org www.org www.ieee. R. Tobin J. www. E.wiley. Keszler.org www. Wiley publications:Antonio Facchetti.Wager. D. ‘Transparent electronics: from synthesis to applications’. Marks.sciencemag. Springer publications. A.Presley.

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