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Correlation of conventional capacitor and ultra-capacitor .
low-energy. small charge separation (10 angstroms) created by the dielectric separator . ultracapacitors are a type of capacitor with remarkably high power and energy density It was first developed by General Electric in 1957. long-life back-up power sources for consumer electronics such as VCRs. Ultracapacitors' first general use was as low-power.
Double layer mechanism .
• fast charging and discharging without degradation • No release of thermal energy during discharge • Deep discharges does not affect the performance .
double layer formation working operation . use of electrolyte & insulator. activated carbon was used in order to extend the interior surface area. conventional capacitors ultracapacitors developed by standard oil engineers.
Long cycle life Long operational life Life extension for other energy resources Ease of maintenance Straight forward integration . Low ESR(equivalent series resistance). Wide temperature range. High efficiency. Wide voltage range.
emergency lighting) • Automotive engineering(regenerative braking) • In telecommunication • In wind energy solutions (voltage regulation) • Quick charge application • Peak pulse power requirement • In consumer products(quick charge hand tools) .APPLICATION • Back up power(UPS. PCB mounted backup.
Various ultracapacitors • • • • K2 series ultracapacitor PC10 series ultracapacitor HC series ultracapacitor D cell series ultracapacitor .
ADVANTAGES • • • • • • • • • High pulse-power compatibility Performance in low temperature Charge discharge cycles Can be easily configured No moving parts State of charge can be easily determined Improved safety with low toxicity of materials Self discharge rate .
.CONCLUSION • Ultracapacitors are now finding their way into automotive and utility applications as energy storage components. with little degradation • The ultracapacitor bank would supply a continuous flow of power during the critical seconds between a utility outage • They are popular for "bridging" applications. in which backup power kicks in as primary systems fails. • long life .