VLSMs, Summarization, and Troubleshooting (Chapter 5

)
March 26, 2012

VLSM
• Subnetting involves dividing a range of host addresses into multiple blocks
IP Host Range (192.168.1.x) .0 .1 .2 … … .253 .254 .255

VLSM
• Variable length subnet masks (VLSMs) allow for different sized subnets (i.e., different subnet masks) across a network
• Advantage: they use address space more efficiently

VLSM

VLSM
Network: 192.168.1.0

2 Hosts 58 Hosts 12 Hosts

9 Hosts

29 Hosts

Network: 192.168.1.0
58 2 12

9

29

Network A

Hosts

Block

Subnet

Mask

B
C D E

Block Size: 64

Block Size: 32

Block Size: 16 Block Size: 4

Summarization
• Also called route aggregation or supernetting • Allows multiple networks to be described using one address. Why?
– Less data transferred between routers – Easier processing for each router

Summarization
• Things to consider:
– Find the appropriate block size (i.e., subnet mask) – Don’t include addresses that aren’t there – Summary route is the network address

Summarization
Example #1
Summarize networks 172.16.32.0 through 172.16.50.0

Option A Summary Address Summary Mask Block Size 172.16.32.0 255.255.240.0 16

Option B 172.16.32.0 255.255.224.0 32

Summarization
Example #2
Summarize networks: 172.1.4.128/25 172.1.7.0/24 172.1.6.0/24 172.1.5.0/24 172.1.4.0/25

Summary Address Summary Mask Block Size

172.1.4.0 255.255.252.0 4

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