This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
For the academic year 2012
A Technical Seminar Report on
Submitted in partial fulfillment for the requirement of the award of
BACHELOR DEGREE IN ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
SIR M. VISVESVARAYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
Krishnadevarayanagar, Hunasamaranahalli, New Airport Road, Via Yelahanka, Bangalore–562157
SIR M. VISVESVARAYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
This is to certify that the technical seminar entitled “DATA LOGGER” done by USHA bearing USN 1MV09EC416 is for the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING in ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION for the 8th semester as specified by VISVESVARAYA TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY for the academic year 2012. The technical seminar report has been approved as it satisfies the requirements prescribed for the bachelor of engineering degree.
Lecturer in charge Dept. of E & C SIR MVIT Bangalore
Dr. SAVITA SONOLI H.O.D Dept. Of E & C SIR MVIT Bangalore
I express my gratitude to my parents and all my friends who helped for the completion of the seminar successfully.SHASHIBHUSHAN for his enlightening guidance and his rigorous clarification and teaching of concepts without which this report would not be in its present state. Sir M. I wish to express my heartfelt thanks to all the faculty members of the Dept. for guiding me in this technical seminar.I.T. guidance and commitment to her belief in strengthening our fundamentals have been instrumental to our performance in all aspects. INDIRA. SAVITA SONOLI.T. Of Electronics and Communication.I.V. Department of Telecommunication Engineering. Last but not the least. encouragement. for permitting me to carry out my technical seminar and her encouragement throughout the course.V.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I wish to extend my sincere and respectful gratitude to Prof. Bangalore. Sir MVIT Bangalore. for her cheerful encouragement and valuable suggestions. USHA [1MV09EC416] .. Her motivation. Head of the Department.S. Sir M. Principal. M. I would like to thank our lecturer Mr. I would like to take this opportunity to thank Dr.
CONTENTS Abstract Introduction COLD CHAIN DISTRIBUTION iMini Plus PDF #DataLogger Block diagram of data logger How data is collected Choosing data logger Data logger types Data logger examples Advantages Disadvantages Applications .
Increasingly. internal memory for data storage. they are based on a digital processor (or computer). LCD) and can be used as a stand-alone device. One of the primary benefits of using data loggers is the ability to automatically collect data on a 24-hour basis. It is common for general purpose types to be programmable. data loggers are typically deployed and left unattended . while others have a local interface device (keypad. Upon activation. Some data loggers interface with a personal computer and utilize software to activate the data logger and view and analyze the collected data. portable. and sensors. Electronic data loggers have replaced chart recorders in many applications. however. battery powered.ABSTRACT A data logger (also data logger or data recorder) is an electronic device that records data over time or in relation to location either with a built in instruments or sensors or via external instruments and sensors. and equipped with a microprocessor. many remain as static machines with only a limited number or no changeable parameters. but not entirely. They generally are small. Data loggers vary between general purpose types for a range of measurement applications to very specific devices for measuring in one environment or application type only.
INTRODUCTION What is a Data Logger? Technically speaking. This allows for a comprehensive. a data logger is any device that can be used to store data. most instrument manufacturers consider a data logger a stand alone device that can read various types of electrical signals and store the data in internal memory for later download computer. . accurate picture of the environmental conditions being monitored.to measure and record information for the duration of the monitoring period. However. such as air temperature and relative humidity. Data loggers are available in various shapes and sizes. But by the use of DAQ system it allows the automatic data collection and made it easy. The advantage of data loggers is that they can operate independently of a computer. This includes many data acquisition devices such as plug-in boards or serial communication systems which use a computer as a real time data recording system. The range includes simple economical single channel fixed function loggers to more powerful programmable devices capable of handling hundreds of inputs. unlike many other types of data acquisition devices. Collecting data from in any physical component is very time consuming process.
We would want to know how long the power was down and how high the temperature rose and for how long. the story would be quite different . Simultaneous sampling on all channels. For the purposes here. For example . Most of us don't care when the power went out or how long it was out. etc. a large cooler containing perishable food was shut down.Typically data loggers are used in remote areas where power may not be easily accessible. voltage and other factors can be performed. If. Isolated multifunction inputs. humidity. Model No. They are ideal for people involved with field . They are not a new invention. 8 CH ZR-RX70 RX25:10 CH RX45:20 CH ZRRX25/45 Easy data recording with 2 GB Internal Memory.A data logger is an electronic instrument that records information over a period of time for later use. temperature. water level. There are a number of ways we might know this. voltage. Simultaneous measurement of temperature. Data Loggers accept multi inputs in voltage. humidity. ZR-SX10 Easy-to-use operation plus processing capabilities beyond previous logger software. relative humidity. This is where a data logger is useful . however. Secure isolated multi-input and advanced PC connectivity. The type of information recorded is determined by the user. pressure. we will limit the discussion to physical parameters such as temperature. People have been using data loggers for many years. with super-wide voltage input range. pulse and also logic format. Data Loggers or Data Recorders are used to collect and observe sensing data. Input Channel Brief Description The high-speed Data Logger. which makes them practical in various fields. People have long had a fascination for learning what is happening when no one is around.most of us have experienced waking up in the morning to find out that sometime during the night the power had gone out.
Disconnect the data logger from the computer and place the data logger in the desired location for recording the required data and leave it there. full control and operation of the data logger is achieved through the use of a personal computer with data logging software as shown in Figure 1. HVAC tests . Refer to Figure 2. general research . 2. quality studies.studies. To minimize cost and size. Using the software provided with the data logger. start the data logger to begin recording data. Typically. it has become possible to build miniature electronic devices that are battery operated and can automatically record information for later retrieval by a computer. Data loggers can be used in a wide variety of application.troubleshooting. transportation monitoring. 3. an interface cable is connected to the serial port of the computer. In this case the data logger is recording the air temperature of a plant. With the recent introduction of new technology. The following steps are usually followed to operate a battery powered data logger: 1. The other end of the cable has some sort of miniature plug.and educational science. which plugs directly into the data logger. . Connect the data logger to a personal computer as shown in Figure 1. All communication with the data logger is directed by the software through this interface cable.
allows the data to be viewed pictorially asa graph. for further manipulation. Data in this format can be exported to a spread sheet application such as Microsoft Excel. the data logger will collect temperature measurements at periodic intervals and record them in chronological order within the data loggers memory for later retrieval. As the technology improves.During this period. Most data logger software packages allow the user to view data in a number of different formats. The most common formats are graphical and tabular. shown in Figure 4. as shown in Figure 3. provides the user with the raw data. Madge Tech data loggers are small. Once the data is in the pc. battery powered . The tabular format. This format provides the user with a quick means for getting a feel for what is happening and observing trends. After the desired recording period has elapsed. Madge Tech has . Using the data logger software. download the data to the pc. it can be saved as a file on the computer or floppy disk for recall at a later date or printed. . significant achievements in performance can be made. 4.intelligent electronic devices that record measurements of physical parameters in the world for later retrieval by a computer. reconnect the data logger to the personal computer as shown in Figure 1. The graphical format.
whichprovides the user with diverse capabilities. and other interpreted data that otherwise would require manual analysis by the operator . Also. differential temperatures. with better resolution and accuracy. When compared to a recorder. data loggers usually have some form of on-board intelligence. analysed and recorded. A data logger is an attractive alternative to either a recorder or data acquisition system in many applications. The pen arm is then deflected across the recording width. is the way the data itself is stored. At Madge Tech.The major difference between a data logger and a recorder. For example. and compares it to a full scale value. data loggers have theability to accept a greater number of input channels. A common recorder accepts an input. however.defined its mission as in corporating the latest technology into its data loggers as soon as it becomes available. we are taking the lead in the industry when it comes to price/performance as we have an unrelenting commitment to pursue performance improvements in our existing data loggers as well as designing and developing new data loggers. to . raw data can be analysed to give flow rates.
Data loggers have a distinct advantage over conventional interface devices. while only a recorder can provide a truly continuous trend recording. A record of all significant conditions and events is generated using a minimum of recording hardcopy. When this happens. the user may go through rolls of paper. It can be installed in almost any location. or stored for historical archive purposes. to be retrieved at a later time. Data loggers can also monitor for alarm conditions. computer interface systems. for economy. Many data loggers combine these two functions.5/1 or 50% of the distance across the recording width. .. using a recorder with a1 Volt full scale. in that they operate in this stand-alone mode.5 Volts would move the pen 0. the event will be recorded and any outputs will be activated. Most data loggers have the ability to work similarly to standard recorders. This method has advantages inaccuracy and resolution. a data logger accepts an input which is fed into an analog-to-digital converter prior to analysis and storage. and yet have the capability to “dump” or transfer the data to a host system. For example. an input of 0. while recording a minimum number of samples. and can note when an alarm condition is occurring. the operator has a permanent recording on paper. saving paper. for immediate viewing and analysis. without seeing a single change in the input. This data can be immediately analysed for trends.produce the appropriate ratio of the actual input to the full scale input. The differences between various data loggers is based on the way that data is recorded and stored. If the recording is of a steady -state nature. and left to operate unattended. without rapid changes. The advantages of the local hard copy data loggers are that 1. no other external or peripheral equipment is required for operation. A data logger is a self contained unit. usually unequally. that does not require a host to operate. with the emphasis on either the ability to transfer the data or to provide a print out of it. 2. while the other type automatically records the data on paper. in that they provide the user with a hard copy printout of the data recorded. In comparison. Data loggers can also offer advantages over dedicated. if required. The basic difference between the two data logger types is that onetype allows the data to be stored in a memory. even if the event occurs in between sample times. A data logger can record at very long intervals.
Data acquisition systems offer a great deal of flexibility and are certainly attractive when high sample rates are required. They offer more flexibility and are available with a greater variety of input types. For users who must acquire data over many locations . 2)Chart Recorders and 3)Data Loggers Data loggers are normally more economical than chart recorders. since they require connection or installation into a computer. Data loggers can collect data independently of a computer. units with internal data storage tend to be more compact. With a network.and wish to have a single collection/recording point. Data is normally collected in nonvolatile memory for later download to a computer. the computer must also be present and active when collecting the data. with the ability to feed or download data to a host computer system. Most data loggers collect data which may be directly transferred to a computer. Although this option is available with some recorders. The computer does not need to be present during the data collection process. due to the fact that no paper and recording equipment are required. SHORT HISTORY Then made improvement Why Choose a Data Logger Over Other Types of Data Collection Instruments? Three types of instruments are commonly used for collecting and storing data.in that an operator can retrieve the data from one location. however.Data storage units are usually more economical. networking is a truly viable solution. This is a great convenience . many data loggers of this type also have the ability to record data trends . This makes them ideally suited for applications requiring portability.in addition to simple digital data recording. In comparison. it normally adds significant expense to the recorder price. and then fed to this “master” unit for storage/recording. one central location is responsible for data storage and recording. These units can also be operated in a stand-alone mode. and because they are much simpler electronically and mechanically . rather than having to go to each individual site for collection. They are 1)Real-Time Data Acquisition Systems. . data is collected by remote units in various locations.3.
Report generation includes a summary of transport condition. time spent out of specification and trip statistics. time and temperature of all readings plus a graph of the temperature of the trip. Pricing based on individual application needs and required results.COLD CHAIN DISTRIBUTION iMini Plus PDF #DataLogger The NEW I Mini Plus PDF data logger from Escort will generate a comprehensive PDF report without the need for proprietary software or interface on receipt by the Receiver. For complete solutions for complex real-time processing and control applications. Every data logger is supplied with a simple USB to USB cable for PC connection and travels with the logger in the consignment. contact CAS DataLogger’s Solution Analysts for application specific designs. The I Mini Plus PDF data logger is the ideal instrument for monitoring temperature sensitive shipments to distant destinations where proprietary software and interfaces are unavailable. In addition the report provides date. . The PDF report can be validated by Console software by emailing the PDF report and binary files to the Supplier thus meeting the requirements for 21 CFR Part11.
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF DATA LOGGER .
PICTORIAL REPRESENTATION DATA LOGGER .
water currents. humidity. an Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC) will be needed to convert the signal into digital data which the computer can understand. • • • As the sensor takes a reading. • The sensors may be either analogue or digital. A data logger is often a hand-held battery-operated device which has a large amount of memory. wind speed. the data is sent though a cable or wireless link to the data logger. pH readings etc. If they take analogue readings. The sensors could be collecting data on a wide range of things such as temperature.HOW DATA IS COLLECTED: • • Sensors are used to take readings or measurements at regular intervals of their environment. The data logger usually stores the data for a period of time before sending it in a large batch to a computer which will process and analyse it. pressure. electrical voltage. .
CHOOSING DATA LOGGER When choosing a data logger the following parameters should be considered. data loggers generally have low sample rates. Input Signal OMEGA offers data loggers that are compatible with most types of signals. This is normally because they store data in internal memory which is limited. AC Voltage/Current Light On/Off Shock/Acceleration Sound Temperature Bridge/Strain/Load/Pressure Motor On/Off Dew point Event or State Frequency Level Number of Inputs PH Pressure Process Voltage/Current Thermistor Relative Humidity RTD Thermocouple Data Loggers are available in both single and multi-channel designs. Therefore when specifying a data logger it is important to determine the sample rate and the sample duration which can be used to calculate the required memory. The higher the data rates the more memory required. For example. OMEGA's OMB-LOGBOOK300 for example is expandable to over 400 channels. Size In many applications space is a limitation. If an application requires . OMEGA's OM-CP family of data loggers are extremely compact and include models for most input types. In those cases the size of the data logger may be a critical selection parameter. Some data loggers are dedicated to a certain input type while others are programmable for different types of inputs. Some data loggers are capable of handling hundreds of inputs. OMEGA offers data loggers for the following types of signals. Speed/Memory In comparison to real time data acquisition systems.
Real Time Operation In some applications it may be desirable to display the data being collected in real time on a computer. Certain data loggers such as OMEGA's OM-CP family support this feature . the data logger must be able to store 3600 samples(1 sample/sec x 1 hour x 3600 seconds/hour).sample rates of 1 per second and the test must last one hour.
Fixed Mount Multi-Channel Data Loggers Fixed input loggers have a fixed number of input channels which are generally dedicated for a specific type of input. These types of data loggers are often used in the transportation industry. They are also commonly used in benchtop or laboratory environments. Modular Data Loggers A modular data logger is configurable and expandable through the use of plug-in modules. The modules are normally field configurable and the user has the option of adding as many channels to satisfy the application requirement. A typical application would be to include a temperature data logger in a shipment of food products to insure that the food temperature does not exceed acceptable limits.DATA LOGGER TYPES Miniature Single Input Data Loggers Miniature single input data loggers are generally low cost loggers dedicated to a specific input type. . In addition to storing data internally some models even contain on board printers which can produce an immediate hardcopy of the data. In addition to temperature miniature data loggers are available for a large variety of input types. most input types. OMEGA offers fixed input data loggers ranging from one to 8 channels Handheld Multi-Channel Data Loggers Handheld multi-channel loggers are commonly used in applications where the data logger is to be carried from one location to another.
SOME OF THE DATA LOGGERS : .
the recording period would double to 7 days. If it is desired to record 2 samples every minute. If the sample rate was cut in half(1 sample per minute). As an example assume that a given data logger can store 10.SIMPLE DATA READER FRONT PANEL The recording duration is dependent on the memory capacity of the data logger and the desired sample rate.000 samples. To determine the duration divide the memory capacity(number of samples the device can record) by the sample rate.5 days).000/2 or 5. . the data logger can run for 10.000 minutes (about 3.
A heart monitor will take readings of their heart rate and pattern of beats. These readings will be displayed as digital numbers on the monitor itself and they will also be output to a continuous graph so that the doctors can pick up any changes over time. RACING CARS: • • Some companies invest millions into developing state-of-the-art racing cars. • • • Digital electronic dashboards are used inside the cars. Data can also be scrolled through by the driver pushing a button . the right amount of fuel is being delivered. While they are in the ICU. This data is logged and stored for later analysis by the engineers. • • Their breathing rate will be monitored and their level of oxygen measured. They display data collected by the sensors. the best speeds are being achieved etc. whether it is responding to treatment.DATA LOGGING EXAMPLES: In a Hospital • • • When a patient has had a major operation or is very ill. Their temperature will be measured at regular intervals to monitor whether they have an infection and if so. Also. they may be in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). they will be constantly monitored to make sure that their condition is stable and not deteriorating. output alarms can be set to alert the driver when certain conditions have been met. Alarms will be triggered if their oxygen level goes below a certain amount. They want to know every aspect of how their car is performing so that they can ensure the engine is calibrated correctly.
365 days of the year Time intervals for collecting data can be very frequent and regular. the data will not be collected. hundreds of measurements per second can be set up to start at a time in the future No need to have a person present Data logging is often more accurate because there is no likelihood of human error Disadvantages • • • If the data logging equipment breaks down or malfunctions. some data could be lost or not recorded Equipment can be expensive for small tasks The equipment will only take readings at the logging interval which has been set up. for example. .ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES Advantages • • • • • • Data Logging can be used in remote or dangerous situations Data logging can be carried out 24 hours a day. If something unexpected happens between recordings.
Electric Utility Applications Component Life Extension Studies in the Nuclear Industry Underwater Power Distribution Cable Temperature Study Superheater tube profiling Cogeneration site performance study Meteorological Applications Rain Fall Totalization Cup Anemometer Wind Speed Wind Direction and Averaging Process Industry Applications Metal Refining / Production Energy usage studies Process control tuning Outflow monitoring HVAC System troubleshooting Cooling tower efficiency studies Compressed Air Audit Mobile / Vehicle Test Applications Vehicle HVAC testing Reliability studies Cycled Temperature qualification Exhaust Component Road Testing Vehicle Performance Tuning Environmental Studies Applications Noxious Gas Detection Air pollution site monitoring / alarming CEMS certification Bio-remediation studies Nitrogen Dioxide Base Line Study .
Mining Industry Applications Machinery testing Energy efficiency studies Shoring studies Ventilation / Gas monitoring Water/Wastewater Utility Applications "Special" tests Energy efficiency studies Lift-Station loading studies Water quality site monitoring Water Resource Applications Irrigation District Studies Edwards Aquifier Studies Beach pollution monitoring Site discharge monitoring Well slug and pump-down testing Product Engineering / R & D Applications NASA Fuel Cell Research Appliance field test Laboratory bench test data collection Durability testing Lifetime quantification studies Hydraulic system loading studies Industrustial Applications Geothermal Resource Assessment Ice Production Plant Energy Audit Tank farm inventory reporting Heat Exchanger Efficiency Study Compressed Air Audit Natural Gas Compressor Monitoring Cattle Nutrient Inventory Monitoring .
wikepidea.ieeeexplorer.REFERENCE www.com www.com .seminarsonly.com www.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.