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Chapter 39-41 Questions Only

Chapter 39-41 Questions Only

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Chapters 39-41

148. One reason for the end of the postwar economic boom in the 1970s was a drastic decline in worker productivity (shifting economy to service sector)

149. By the early 1970s, the post WWII economic boom had crested as a result of a decline in competitive advantage of American business, the Vietnam war, a slump in productivity, economic recovery of Japan and West Germany

Lyndon Johnson's insistence on fighting the Vietnam War and funding the Great Society without a tax increase to pay for them led to a drastic inflation

150. high inflation rate of 1970s stemmed primarily from LBJ refusal to raise taxes for social welfare

The poor economic performance of the 1970s brought an abrupt end to the liberal dream that affluent USA could spend its way to social justice

151. The Nixon Doctrine proclaimed that honor its existing defense commitment, but that in future, its allies would have to fight their own wars without large numbers of US troops

152. Despite his political skills and foreign policy knowledge, Richard Nixon harbored deep and bitter resentments against

153. Perhaps Richard Nixon's most valuable asset as he began his presidency in 1969 was his

154. President Nixon's policy of Vietnamization of the war in Vietnam called for

155. Richard Nixon's Vietnam policy included all of the following except

156. The American armed forces in Vietnam were composed largely of

159. was 161. Richard Nixon 167. The difference between Lyndon Johnson's affirmative action programs and those of Richard Nixon was 170. The Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration aroused bitter opposition among many business people because . Richard Nixon's legislation guaranteeing that Social Security raises would be indexed to guarantee against inflation 168. Richard Nixon's Philadelphia Plan 169. leaked and published in 1971 160. President Nixon's 1970 invasion of Cambodia led to 158. The __________ Amendment __________ the voting age to __________. Connecticut. The Supreme Court's Miranda and Escobedo decisions came under sharp attack from many conservatives because they 165. President Nixon's chief foreign policy adviser. The Nixon administration still reflected a staunch anticommunist policy when it engaged in covert operations to overthrow the elected leftist government of 163. under Chief Justice Earl Warren. When it came to welfare programs.157. throughout his administration. The Supreme Court. outraged religious conservatives in 19621963 when it 166. In Griswold v. the Supreme Court upheld a married couple's right to use contraceptives based on 164. Richard Nixon's policy of détente 162. The top-secret Pentagon Papers.

As a presidential candidate.S. alienated the traditional working-class backbone of the Democratic party 175. America's strong support for Israel in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War led to 184. As part of the cease-fire agreement in Vietnam in 1973 178. In response to Congress's attempt to stop him from continuing the bombing of Cambodia. George McGovern. As a result of U. the Democratic nominee for the presidency in 1972. The 1973 War Powers Act 181. As a result of Richard Nixon's aerial bombing of neutral Cambodia in 1973 182. Richard Nixon tried to resist giving his taped conversations to the special prosecutor and the Congress by claiming that . the American public was shocked to learn that 179.171. President Richard Nixon 173. when it was attacked by Egypt and Syria 183. To control creeping inflation in the early 1970s. Richard Nixon's southern strategy included the policy of 174. In 1973. All of the following were created during Richard Nixon's presidency except 172. The list of Nixon illegal administration activities uncovered in the Watergate scandal included all of the following except 185. The shaky agreement that brought an end to American fighting in Vietnam in January 1973 represented 177. support for Israel in 1973. President Nixon 180. South Dakota Senator George McGovern appealed most strongly to the 176.

stated the following: 194. in the Bakke case. The proposed Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). The first wave of feminism grew out of the ___________ movement. signed by Gerald Ford and leaders of thirty-four other nations. The most controversial action of Gerald Ford's presidency was 188. was to 198. Bradley.186. passed by Congress in 1972 and eventually ratified by 35 states. The Supreme Court case of Roe v. one that continued and gained even greater momentum in the 1970s was the 192. The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) failed to be ratified by the needed 38 states largely because 196. The people of the United States had provided just about everything for South Vietnam except 190. 191. Wade declared state laws prohibiting abortion were unconstitutional because they 195. The effect of the Supreme Court ruling in Milliken v. and the second wave of feminism grew out of the _____________ movement. American Indian activists brought attention to their cause in the 1970s by seizing 200. When the North Vietnamese launched a full-scale invasion of South Vietnam in 1975. The most explosive domestic controversy of the 1970s centered around issues of 197. which held that integration did not have to take place across school district lines. Title IX was passed by Congress in 1972 to 193. 189. Congressman Gerald Ford had become vice president of the United States when 187. The Supreme Court. . While most of the social movements born in the 1960s declined or disappeared. The Helsinki accords. held that 199.

The SALT II Treaty between the Soviet Union and the United States died in the Senate when the Soviets 212. and (D) invasion of Afghanistan. The opposing major party candidates in the bicentennial presidential campaign of 1976 were 204. On which of the following issues did nearly all second wave feminists agree? 202. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) Arab oil embargo. In the 1980 national elections 215. The most humiliating failure during the Iran hostage crisis came when 213. Jimmy Carter quickly found himself in political trouble because he 206. James Earl (Jimmy) Carter enjoyed considerable popularity when he won the presidency because 205. The first major trouble to afflict President Carter's foreign policy was the 210. (B) Iranian hostage crisis. President Gerald Ford won the Republican nomination by defeating a strong challenge from 203. The guiding principle of President Carter's foreign policy was 207. 214. President Jimmy Carter's most spectacular foreign-policy achievement was the 208. Liberal Democrats complained that Jimmy Carter . In 1976. The oil shocks of the 1970s brought home to Americans the stunning fact that 211. President Carter believed that the fundamental problem of the American economy in the late 1970s was 209.201. (C) fall of Saigon.

President Ronald Reagan and the new British prime minister. antigovernment line 224. Roosevelt in that both men 222. Roosevelt in that Roosevelt 223. Which of the these social issues was not an important concern that the New Right hoped to constrict or eliminate through legal action? 220. Ronald Reagan's essential domestic goal as president was to 228. The foreign leader with whom President Reagan felt the strongest ideological and political kinship was 229. Ronald Reagan differed from Franklin D. In contrast to the Old Right. Edward Kennedy's campaign to take the presidential nomination away from Jimmy Carter in 1980 was handicapped by 217. Before being elected president. Margaret Thatcher.216. many New Right activists of the 1980s were most concerned about 219. Ronald Reagan was similar to Franklin D. The New Right movement that helped to elect Ronald Reagan was spearheaded by 218. shared all of the following goals except . Ronald Reagan's experience in elected public office had been as 225. The strong tax revolt against extensive government programs and spending was spurred by the passage of Proposition 13 that severely limited property taxes in 226. The neoconservatives of the 1980s believed in all of the following except 221. President Jimmy Carter earned widespread admiration in his post-presidential years for his 227. Despite his failure in the White House. Ronald Reagan began to abandon his liberal New Deal political philosophy and to espouse a conservative.

In his second term. Ronald Reagan's supply side economic advisers assured him that the combination of budgetary discipline and tax reduction would do all of the following except 233. The Iran-Contra investigations revealed Ronald Reagan as a president who 242. The first results of Reagan's supply-side economics in 1982 were a(n) 234. for the first time in the twentieth century 235. To President Reagan. Congress passed legislation mandating . The Iran-Contra Affair essentially involved 241. In the 1980s.230. Besides cutting the federal budget. President Reagan departed from the militantly anti-Soviet stance of his first term by 243. One of the greatest consequences of Reagan's expansion of the federal debt was to 244. Reagan's other main domestic initiative when he took office was 232. “the focus of evil in the modern world” was 237. For the Soviet Union's new policies of Glasnost (openness) and Perestroika (restructuring) to work. The only two places not swept by Ronald Reagan in his 1984 electoral landslide over former vice president Walter Mondale were 239. Conservative Democrats who helped Ronald Reagan to pass his budget and tax-cutting legislation were called 231. One consequence of the record-high deficits and high interest rates of the 1980s was 236. it was essential that the 240. In 1986. The first woman to receive the vice-presidential nomination of a major political party was 238.

The result of the Persian Gulf War was that 258. Which of the following was not among the ways that the New Right of the 1980s imitated the tactics and approaches of the New Left of the 1960s? 253. Casey 254. The Democrats' hopes for the 1988 election rose sharply because of major scandals in the Reagan administration involving 249. Ronald Reagan's highest political objective as president was 246. As one consequence of the demise of the Soviet Union 251. The United States joined its allies in the Persian Gulf War in order to 257. Many of the neoconservative intellectuals of the 1980s were reacting most strongly against 252. In the cases of Webster v. Many of the movement conservatives of the new religious right gained political effectiveness by imitating the methods of 247. Reproductive Health Services and Planned Parenthood v. President George Bush called for a “new world order” where 256. the Supreme Court 248. Reproductive Health Services and Planned Parenthood v. The Supreme Court cases of Webster v. Solidarity was 250. The explosive Senate hearings that nearly prevented Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas from being confirmed involved charges that Thomas was guilty of .245. Casey. Among the Democrats whom Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis defeated for the party's nomination to run against George Bush in 1988 were 255. In response to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

263. President Clinton aroused the hostility of liberals within his own party when he signed the Welfare Reform Bill. In the beginning of the Clinton administration. 265. 264. President Clinton made a special point of appealing to women 261. First Lady Hillary Clinton was heavily criticized for taking too large a role in managing her husband's administration. A widespread public attitude of the early 1990s that affected many areas of politics and society was disillusionment and distrust of the federal government.259. The Branch Davidians were a(n) fundamentalist sect assaulted by the federal government. Two of Clinton's early political blunders occurred in the areas of gays in the military and health care. After they gained control of both houses of Congress in the 1994 mid-term elections. Democratic candidate Bill Clinton campaigned as a new Democrat who proposed to move away from his party's traditional liberalism. The vigorously partisan leader who led Republicans to a majority in the House of Representatives in 1994 was Newt Gingrich 267. In appointing his cabinet. the Republicans Overreached with conservative policies that bred a backlash favoring Clinton . 266. 262. 260. In the 1992 national elections.

260.268. One highly unusual issue in the 2000 presidential campaign between Al Gore and George W. Bush was To spend the huge federal budget surpluses . 274. Bush and Al Gore was finally resolved when the Supreme Court ruling ending a recount of Florida's votes.-led NATO forces to launch a bombing campaign against the nation of Serbia 272." 269. Bill Clinton's primary political advantage throughout his two terms of office was the tremendously prosperous economy 270. President Clinton authorized U. President Clinton's approach to the controversial policy of affirmative action was a plea to "mend it. President Clinton's primary political legacy was that he revived the vigorous liberal traditions of the Democratic party The razor-thin election of 2000 between George W. The two articles of impeachment passed by the House of Representatives against President Clinton charged him with perjury and obstruction of justice. not end it. Which of the following was not among the areas where President Clinton's foreign policy stumbled in the first years of his presidency? Relations with America's allies in Germany and France 271. In 1999.S. President Clinton attempted to promote peace negotiations and better relations among all of the following except North and South Korea 273.

262. To President George W. Bush. Bush was based on A finding that Florida’s inconsistent standards for evaluating ballots violated the equal protection clause of the Constitution. “the axis of evil” that menaced American security consisted of the nations of Iran. The original home of Osama bin Laden. Iraq. The detention and deportation of immigrants suspected of terrorism 267. 268. The new cabinet-level agency charged with protecting America against foreign terrorist attacks was The Department of Homeland Security 266. George W. Which of the following was not among the polarizing conservative policies that George W. Bush pursued when he assumed the presidency? Appointing extreme conservatives to the Supreme Court 264. and North Korea. The USA-Patriot Act provided for.261. Among Bush's advisers who pushed most strongly for the invasion of Iraq were . The Supreme Court's ruling prohibiting further recounting of Florida's votes and awarding the 2000 election to George W. In his campaign for the presidency in 2000. Bush promised to Bring reconciliation after the sharp partisan divisions of the Clinton years 263. the organizer of Al Qaeda and presumed organizer of the September 11 attacks was Saudi Arabia 265. among other things.

the U. former dictator Saddam Hussein.Vice President Richard Cheney and administration neoconservatives. 269. the United States handed over __ to the new interim government of Iraq. the U. Supreme Court ruled that The quota of admitting minority students was unconstitutional . military in Iraq was faced with violent resistance from Iraqi insurgents and foreign militants drawn to the country 270.S. In June 2004.S. 272. Violent resistance to the American presence in Iraq escalated when It was revealed that some American soldiers had humiliated Iraqi captives in the Abu Ghraib prison 271. In two affirmative action cases involving the University of Michigan decided in 2003. After ousting Saddam Hussein from power.

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