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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

This saying, "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." has stood the test of time. People have been saying it for ages; and for good reasons. Working constantly and not allowing oneself to some occasional recreation will simply just wear out the body. After all, life isn't all about work. There should be a steady balance of work and play; and that's where recreation comes in.

“Leave all the afternoon for exercise and recreation, which are as necessary as reading. I will rather say more necessary because health is worth more than learning.” (Thomas Jefferson, 1790 )

Recreation, defined by Ambrose Bierce as, “A particular kind of dejection to relieve a general fatigue”,is a term that denotes the refreshment of one's body or mind after work that stimulates amusement or play. People have become too busy to take out time to introspect, no time to interact, and have

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become so engrossed with work.Working can lead to increased stress, illness, disease or more. People weren't meant to work themselves to death. There should be a balance of work and recreation. Our bodies need rest, relaxation and enjoyment every once in a while. As what American author, Edward Bellamy, said, “If bread is the first necessity of life, recreation is a close second.” Recreation is an activity, rather an opportunity to take a break, the much-needed break from work.The more recreation one engages after work, the happier and enjoyable life becomes.

“Lack of activity destroys the good condition of every human being, while movement and methodical physical exercise save it and preserve it.” (Plato)

Recreational activities are widely popular across the globe. Some enjoy exploring to beautiful places around the world whereas others take interest in pursuing their hobbies as a means of recreation. Whichever way, recreation needs to be made a vital component of the fast life of the present times!
“Life is best enjoyed when time periods are evenly divided between labor, sleep, and recreation...all people should spend one-third of their time in recreation which is rebuilding, voluntary activity, never idleness.”(Brigham Young)

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In Nationwide polls, 89% of all Americans report that they frequently experience high levels of stress and 59% claimed that they feel great stress at least once a week. John Wanamaker once said, “People who cannot find time for recreation are obliged sooner or later to find time for illness.”Positive and enjoyable recreation experiences can decrease stress and psychological tensions. Leisure activities offer people with the opportunity to boost energy and emotion not being released in other aspects of their lives.

Family bonds are enhanced by the sharing of leisure time. Families that do recreational activities together tend to be closer and improve their chances of staying together.

There are a lot of activities to choose from with recreation. Some people prefer to do adventurous sporting activities and experience the thrills and excitement, while others prefer to light activities. Adventure and recreation in Philippines has been a part of the Filipino culture. The tropical weather allows Filipinos to spend most of their free time outdoors; children commonly play outside with friends.
“There's something special about being on the water. Whether cresting a wave in an outrigger canoe, paddling a kayak across a cliff-rimmed lake, or

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skimming the sea at full sail, a water outing delivers a wind-in-your-hair sense of fulfillment and fun.” (Candyce H. Stapen)

The Philippines has plenty to offer when it comes to sporting, adventure and recreation. Watersports provides exercises and thrills while being close to nature, an advantage in a country with scenic places and a great diversity of sea creatures. There are a lot of exciting activities to enjoy in the Philippines with many beaches, lakes, rivers, and waterfalls as well as its coastal waters.

The well-built tourism infrastructure in the Philippines does an excellent job catering for families and travelers. The Philippines’ expansive coastline facilitates an ideal environment in which to enjoy nature. Some popular sports include kayaking, rafting, boating with the views afforded while kayaking between islets typically being breathtaking. For the more adventurous traveler, the surf in certain places is on par with surfing strongholds like Hawaii and travelers regularly show up to ride the waves.

Playing in the whitecaps is common anywhere in the Philippines where there’s a stretch of sandy coastline. The resorts offer all types of equipment for hire, ranging from snorkeling gear to sea kayaks. Surfing is also popular in the

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Philippines, and boarding enthusiasts usually head to Siargao Island just north of Mindanao. Meanwhile, windsurfers pack their gear to Boracay Island, where surf conditions are best on the east coast. For those who don’t have any experience in watersports, hotels and travel agents can enroll visitors in watersports lessons.

“You will be amazing how incredible the feeling is fighting to stay on your feet. It’s like a battle with yourself with your fears. You can’t be afraid to mess up, because it’s going to happen. You just have to let go and enjoy the experience.”(Travis Stowe)

For all those adventurous types who love that adrenaline rush, cableriding water sports like wakeboarding, water-skiing, wake skating and knee boarding, which are new in Philippines, is a thrilling option. Nothing can match the excitement and fervour that the water sporting activities can offer.

“As you learn about the wakeboard, you'll want to know more of the lingo, too.” (Sarah Winkler)

Camsur Watersports Complex in Cadlan, Naga, Philippines is a worldclass six-hectare complex with a six-point cable ski system for wakeboarding,

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cable skiing, water skiing, knee boarding and wake skating. It is now widely known as the best cable park in Asia. Nueva Ecija Governor Aurelio Umali said, “Prior to the establishment of its Camsur Watersports Complex, Camarines Sur was ranked as the 39th poorest province in the country but has since emerged as the 10th richest province.” Tourists and water sports enthusiasts from all over the world have flocked to seek out adventures in CamSur. Not only does it cater to water sports enthusiasts, the CWC also provides family recreational activities like the Lago del Rey family entertainment and water sports facility where families can do swimming, kayaking, dragon boating, aqua wall climbing or play water volleyball and water polo.

With its growing popularity, CWC has catered numerous high-profile events, including the annual Summit Water CamSur Marathon and the Ultimate Wake Championship, two of the country’s most important sporting events which include athletes from as far as the United States, Europe, South Africa and from all over Asia.

Silay City is currently developing their tourism and marketing strategy. The city is dubbed as, “Seat of arts, culture and eco-tourism in Western Visayas”. It is also one of the 25 major tourist destinations in the country as per the Department of Tourism.“It has well preserved ancestral houses, collection of steam locomotives, rich cultural heritage, untamed forest,appetizing hometown

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delicacies and people complement its thrust to become a leading winner destination in the region.” (Mayor Montelibano)With the existing Bacolod-Silay Airport, tourists will definitely want to come and visit to explore the wonders of the city.

Silay City Mayor Jose Montelibano said that the new tourism concept will boost the existing tourism program of Silay which includes future plans like the development of swimming pool in Patag, board walk in Balaring, Watersports facilities, Racing venue, open tourism resource learning facilities, light railway transit from the airport, etc.

The researcher is greatly interested in adventurous activities and recreation. With the unforgettable experience in CWC influence of other places, the researcher desires to share the excitement and thrills by bringing the activities in Silay. Experiencing new adventures, blogger Travis Stowe said, “You will be amazing how incredible the feeling is fighting to stay on your feet. It’s like a battle with yourself with your fears. You can’t be afraid to mess up, because it’s going to happen. You just have to let go and enjoy the experience.”

Therefore, the researcher is highly interested to propose a Water sports and Recreation Park to cater tourists, families, sporting enthusiasts and host

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events which will enable to develop the tourism strategy of Silay City. This will be able to introduce water sporting activities like wakeboarding, which is new to the people of Negros.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The main purpose of this research is to provide extraordinary, proficient and suitable architectural design solution design for the proposed “Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park” that will cater tourists and the locals by introducing innovative activities to further promote tourism and exposure to the local market.

This study specifically aims to answer the following: Site Analysis 1. What is the current status of the present site for its conformity to the land use and zoning regulations of the area? 2. What are the available utilities within the site?

Site Development 1. What is the type of site planning concept appropriate for the site? 2. What are the site requirements for this development?

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Building Function 1. What are the required amenities, facilities and spaces? 2. What are the sizes of the areas required? 3. What is the spatial organization of these requirements?

Building Aesthetics 1. What is the general aesthetic character appropriate for the structures of the proposal? 2. What is the general design concept? 3. What is the aesthetic philosophy? 4. What are the design motifs?

Building Strength and Durability 1. What are the principles of construction to be adopted? 2. What are the materials to be specified?

Building Engineering and Utility System 1. What are the necessary engineering and utility systems to be provided?

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1.3 STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK The researcher has come up with the process that will be adapted in the current thesis problem using the gathered data of the concepts and ideas based from different authorities in order to provide a functional and well-planned project.

The paradigm below illustrates the sequence of the study, Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park, which includes the Input (independent variable) that will pass through certain processes (intervening variable) that would eventually produce an output (dependent variable). The Site involves major considerations including site analysis and site development. As for the building function, space programming and schematic design is required while integrating the concepts for appropriate design on the building aesthetics. Structural design analysis and application of materials are applied for the building strength, then assignment and layout for the building utility systems.

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PARADIGM
INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

Independent Variable
The Site Site Development • Necessary and applicable site planning concept Function • Required spaces and facilities by authorities Aesthetics • Theories of space planning, principles and concepts • Aesthetic philosophy, design concepts, principles of composition Strength • Structural design principles • Specification of materials Utility Systems Required engineering and utility systems Specification of materials and

Intervening Variable
Major considerations Site Development • Site analysis • Site- structure study • Site use program Function • Space programming • Space analysis Aesthetics • Interpretation and translation of adapted concepts into visual forms

Dependent Variable

Functional and well-planned Silay City Watersports and Recreation Center

Strength • Structural design analysis and application of materials Utility Systems • Assignment, layout and installation of utility components

FEEDBACK

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Figure 1.1 Paradigm of Conceptual Framework

1.4 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Lago de Oro in Calatagan, Batangas is surrounded by palm trees with some mangroves fringing the seashore. During low tide, the water recedes far from the shore which uncovers a vast stretch of sand. The buildings are of Mediterranean-style with white facades, arcades and tile roofs. The interiors of these buildings are spacious and comfortable with pale rattan furnitures that invite the guests to lounge and relax. The Site development plan of Lago de Oro uses a clustered-type planning, utilizing the whole site in order to maximize the space.

Caliraya Recreation Center in Laguna also employs the clustered-type plan since this encourages communally shared activities. The main building characterizes a Spanish style Architecture embodying red colored roof and white classic exterior paint color approach has extravagant presence and causes the building to look large, bold and attractive.

The main building, clubhouse, of Camsur Watersports Complex has a tropical modern architectural character. It involves brown colored hip type roof with white plain columns on the sides to support the foldable door systems,

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located along the front, left and right sides of the building, which is only used to close the building at night. The front part of building includes a full service restaurant and open entrance with no walls, only foldable partitions, welcomes most guests. CWC also has a clustered type site planning which is very much ideal for recreational facilities.

1.5 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

In order to accomplish the most suitable design for the proposed “Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park”, the project will depend upon the basis on the building and planning concepts alongside with the architectural design. Stated below are the theories and concepts which will be used in this study.

A. For the Site Development

Cluster planning for the Watersports and Recreation Park will allow its users to go around and be able to explore the majority of the site. This will provide a greater potential towards the development of the entire site in order to entice more people.

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Based on the book Architectural Theories of Design (2000), Cluster type of planning is grouping of spaces by proximity or the sharing of the common visual trait of relationship if often consist of repetitive cellular spaces that have similar functions and all composition of spaces that are dissimilar in size, form and function but related to one another. Hence, the “cluster type” of planning is applicable to this kind of project because it would be best that the different structures or areas are grouped functionally so that it would cater the needs of its users. This concept will improve the relationship of the different structures and facilities.

B. For Building Aesthetics

Ecological Architecture, also known as environmental design/architecture combines aspects of landscape design with architecture. This building character will compliment the outdoor scenes especially designed for leisure and sporting activities whilst considering appropriate facilities for the users. Polish philosopher, Henryk Skolimowski pioneered in the principles of ecologically sound architecture. His concept deals with building materials and aims at minimizing the use of not replenishable raw materials. This means preferring such building materials as wood, stone, earth and recycled material like used

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boxes and barrels, and naturally it necessitates a peculiar style of architectural design as well.

Architecture today seems to be grasping the latest trend “GO Green” concept, also known as Green Architecture because of its efficiency and sustainability. Many eco-friendly building techniques with aesthetics that match the natural surroundings are now being incorporated in the designs.

This concept is also applicable to this study. Ecological architecture is the most suitable character that works best for developments that are bounded by nature and caters leisure facilities and outdoor activities. The character of the structure will compliment the nature where recreation and sporting activities occur.

C. For Building Function

“Form ever follows function”, coined by the less famous American architect, Louis Sullivan, is a principle associated with modern architecture and industrial design in the 20th century. It was shortened to “Form follows function”. He pointed out that the style of architecture should reflect its purpose. The principle is that the shape of a building or object should be

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primarily based upon its intended function or purpose. Architecture is an art of creating beautiful spaces, of designing structures where form follows function. It is an art based on the principles of Utility and Beauty.

With regards to the building function, the concept, Form follows function, will be applied, initially by identifying the necessary spaces followed by integrating it with the shape of the building.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study of the proposed project entitled “Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park” intends to introduce new innovative facilities to the locals and tourists with advanced, effective and functional design. This study will be beneficial to the following:

Silay City and the Province of Negros Occidental This study may serve as a reference to whatsoever future developments and plans that will be conducted by the city or the province in relative to the tourism industry.

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To the Investors The study will serve as a basis for the investors in promoting their possible projects and ventures in the province.

To the Local and Foreign Tourists This study is significant to the tourists as a reference for their activities to be conducted during vacations or leisure.

To the Watersports Professionals and Enthusiasts This study will serve as a guide for Watersports enthusiasts in

choosing the ideal location for a Watersports area for their needs. It will also aid the professionals in selecting the perfect venue for their watersporting activities and competitions. Aside from these, it will also give them an overview regarding the purpose and significance of a Watersports facility.

To the future Architecture Students This study will aid the future students of our school La

Consolacion College- Bacolod, as there source for their research studies. They could browse and get some ideas about Watersports and Recreation Park.

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1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS

The purpose of this study is to provide an ideal Architectural Design of the “Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park” located at Barangay E. Lopez, Silay City Negros Occidental with the total land area of approximately fifteen point six hectares (15.6 has.). This will include a cable park and man-made lake to cater recreational watersport activities.

The study will focus on the conceptualization, general aesthetic and site development planning for the required facilities. The main building, Clubhouse, includes indoor gaming facilities, bar and restaurant, pro shop and souvenir shop. Minor structures include the convention area, green house, information and administrative office, rentable cottages, power house. Outdoor recreational facilities such as cable park, beginners winch park, inflatable water facilities, wall climbing and obstacle courses shall be included in the site development plan.

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The study shall not include feasibility, marketing aspect, operational expenditures and site selection. Project cost and financial viability will also be excluded in this study. This project is projected in the year 2020 and the

target development duration is three (3) years. This study will be achievable using the research methodology that includes the survey questionnaire. The respondents for this said study will be the local residents of Silay and Bacolod City. Proper design solutions according to the said contents should be limited to that boundary.

1.8 ASSUMPTIONS The study is guided by the following assumptions: 1. Prior to the cost of the project, It is assumed that the owner is financially capable with investors and guaranteed Return of Investment (ROI) within 10 years to support the project. Nevertheless, it is not probable to interfere in the management of Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park. Other sources of fund for this proposal will also come from The Wake Park Project and Sesitec through grants, donations, and sponsorships. 2. Additional revenues will be accomplished through running camps, collaborating with local schools for watersports classes and partnering with

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Philippine Wake Camp and other recreation departments. There will also be sponsorships from Republ1c, Stokedinc, O’neill, Rip Curl, LWA Wakeboards and other pro-shops. 3. The project will necessitate hiring the residents of Brgy. E. Lopez and other locals nearby to be trained and participate in the operation of this project for the development of opportunities in the growing tourism district of Silay City. 4. It is presumed that the existing site has a bearing capacity that can sustain the development. 5. It is assumed that the site is qualified for the land use and zoning regulations of the area. 6. It is also ascertain that public utilities such as power, water and communication are adequately obtainable in the site. 7. With regards to its accessibility, it is assumed that the site is readily accessible to the users with a few minute ride from the city proper. 8. It is assumed that there will be no legal hindrance to the construction of this project.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS Bar

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(conceptual) an establishment or room with a counter at which drinks, especially alcoholic drinks, and sometimes food, are served.

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(operational) A counter that serves drinks such as alcoholic beverages

Cabin (conceptual) a simple house providing accommodation for travelers or holiday-makers at a motel or holiday camp (operational) a one-storey lodging that caters guests staying at the recreational park

Cable Park (conceptual) A man-made lake utilizing a horizontal cable, suspended on towers and powered by a quiet electric engine, pulls water-skiers and wake-boarders around a lake. The lake consists of slalom courses and/or rails which is set up in a station format with multiple winches and tow points allowing riders to choose what line they want to take. (operational) A man-made lake with cable towers which is used to pull people riding on wakeboard, kneeboard, wakeski, and the like.

Clubhouse

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(conceptual) A building that is occupied by a sports club locker room, pro shop, indoor gaming room, and restaurant.

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(operational) A structure used for social or recreational activities.

Convention area (conceptual) A place of assembly for gathering delegates or candidates of an certain occasion. (operational) A building for hosting events and getherings of certain groups. . Park (conceptual) A piece of land with few or no buildings within or adjoining a town, maintained for recreational and ornamental purposes. (operational) An area of land for the enjoyment of the public, for rest and recreation

Pro Shop (conceptual) A retail outlet where sporting equipment, clothing, and accessories can be purchased or repaired. (operational) A retail shop selling watersport clothing and equipments.

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Recreation (conceptual) An activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. (operational) An act of relaxation, fun and enjoyment.

Recreation Park (conceptual) A place which is open to the public where meetings are held, sports are played and there are activities available for young and old people (operational) A place for recreational activities.

Restaurant (conceptual) A place where meals and drinks are served to the customers. (operational) A place for dining.

Souvenir shop (conceptual) A store which sells miscellaneous articles appropriate as gifts A store selling souvenirs from the park

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Villa (conceptual) a term often applied to vacation rental properties (operational) luxurious living quarters that caters guests staying at the recreational park Wakeboarding (conceptual) A surface watersport which involves riding

a wakeboard over the surface of a body of water. It was developed from a combination of water skiing, snowboarding and surfing techniques. (operational) A type of watersport that allows the person to ride a wakeboard while being pulled by a cable.

Watersport (conceptual) A sport played or undertaken on or in water. (operational) A type of sport occurring in the water as swimming, surfing, wakeboarding, wake skating, etc.

Water Play Park (conceptual) Recreation play facilities used on the water for enjoyment

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(operational) A water park with watersport inflatable toys such as inflatable slide, iceberg, trampoline, etc. used for playing and recreation designed for safety, durability and fun

Winch (conceptual) A powerful machine or instrument used for hauling or pulling a cable. (operational) A mechanism at the tower cable used for pulling the cable riders.

Winch park (conceptual) A lake, smaller than the cable park, for

beginner/intermediate wakeboarding and/or waterskiing. (operational) A smaller watersports cable park used by beginners and inexperienced riders to practice watersports.

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