A special report from Lumina Foundation

A STRONGER
NATION THROUGH HIGHER

EDUCATION

How and why Americans must achieve a Big Goal for college attainment
March 2012

Today, more than ever, education equals opportunity. In fact, college-level learning is now seen as key — to individual prosperity, to economic security, and to the enduring strength of our democracy. We all feel the power of increased college attainment ... so let’s make it a priority.

A STRONGER
NATION THROUGH HIGHER

EDUCATION

More than mere data, ‘Stronger Nation’ report is a call for change
y now, anyone who is at all familiar with Lumina Foundation has heard about the Big Goal for college attainment. For several years, the goal — that, by the year 2025, 60 percent of Americans will have a high-quality postsecondary credential —―has driven and essentially defined us at Lumina. And we’re pleased that it is driving others as well. College attainment is now a central topic in the public conversation at the national, state and local levels. Policymakers, economists and other experts agree that, in order to sustain the still-fragile recovery and assure long-term economic growth and social stability, the nation’s educational attainment rate must improve steadily and significantly in coming years. This report, A Stronger Nation through Higher Education, embodies Lumina’s commitment to that 60 percent Big Goal and serves as a report card on the nation’s effort to reach it. This edition of Stronger Nation marks the third report in what will be an annual series through the target date of 2025. Using the most recent Census data (2010), it provides detailed breakdowns of college-attainment data at the national level, in each state, and in every county. At the national and state levels, the data also show attainment rates among various racial/ethnic groups. Also, this year, for the first time, the report includes college-attainment rates for the nation’s 100 largest metropolitan areas. As always, Stronger Nation acts as a timely barometer of progress, a window on statistical reality when it comes to higher education attainment. But it’s much more than mere numbers. In fact, this year Stronger Nation can and should be viewed in other important ways. First of all, look at it as an alarm, an urgent call to action. The numbers themselves convey this message of urgency. Although the overall trend is positive (with the national attainment rate rising from 37.9 percent in 2008 to 38.3 percent in 2010), the pace of change is far too slow. In fact, at the current pace, less than 47 percent of Americans will have at least an associate degree by 2025. Labor experts say that means we will be more than 23 million degree holders below the total needed to meet workforce demands. We simply cannot afford this shortfall — not as a nation built on the concept of individual opportunity, or as a society committed to social progress. That means the pace of progress in higher education attainment must improve sharply. And for

B

that to happen, the scale and scope of change must expand dramatically. Facing a ‘Kodak moment’ In some ways, American higher education is facing what might be called a “Kodak moment” — and that’s not a good thing. The recent bankruptcy of the Eastman Kodak Company, an iconic American corporation if ever there was one, holds a lesson for today’s higher-ed system. Kodak, long respected for its traditional approach and even treasured for its popular Brownie and Instamatic cameras, simply reacted too slowly to the age of digital photography … and suddenly found itself irrelevant. Of course, American colleges and universities are by no means irrelevant today, but they certainly can’t stand pat — not if they expect to meet the challenges inherent in the drive to reach the Big Goal. Without question, higher education must change. For one thing, it must become responsive to the needs of a much wider range of students than ever before. The 21st century student population is dizzyingly diverse — racially, ethnically, socially, economically, and in terms of age and family situation. Clearly, no one-size-fits-all system will work for these students, and it won’t serve us as a nation. So the higher-ed system must be retooled and redesigned to meet the needs of all types of students because we need these 21st century students to succeed — without delay and in far greater numbers. In other words, higher education must become much more productive — educating many more people without increasing costs, and without compromising the quality of the credentials that students earn. A good first step in boosting productivity and in serving today’s diverse student population is to begin with adults who already have some college credit but lack a degree. More than 36 million adults — one out of every five working-age Americans — fit this category. Colleges and universities must be innovative, expansive and flexible to help these students — to help all students — earn degrees and credentials that have genuine relevance and value. And in serving today’s students, that word “value” is important because it points to the second change that’s needed. That is: a redefinition of “quality” in higher education — one rooted, not in the concept of inputs (large endowments, impressive facilities, highly selective admission policies, steep tuition costs), but in the idea of outputs (the knowledge and skills that graduates actually demonstrate). In today’s society and economy, the only definition of quality that makes sense is one based on student outcomes, on what students actually learn in their programs and what they can do with the skills and knowledge they gain. Mere college

The system must be retooled and redesigned to meet the needs of all types of students because we need these 21st century students to succeed — without delay and in far greater numbers.

completion can’t be the ultimate aim. The true goal must be completion with connection — a credential that connects clearly to the workforce and to opportunities for further education. Still, completion rates certainly matter, and the data in this report can be a very valuable aid in tracking those rates — and, ultimately, in improving them. That’s another important way in which this year’s Stronger Nation report can be viewed: as a tool you can use to actually tackle this work. The numbers and trends in this report tell thousands of vital, real-life stories: about college attainment in your state, your county, the metropolitan area in which you live or work. The data here can help you pinpoint problems or opportunities in particular geographic areas and among certain groups of students. They can suggest possible partnerships for increasing college success — a coalition among educators, policymakers and workforce organizations in a certain region or metro area, for example; perhaps a compact among highereducation institutions serving a particular geographic region or student population; or a cooperative effort among policymakers in contiguous states or counties.

A powerful tool Again, Stronger Nation is designed as a tool, and we urge you to use it — as we ourselves plan to use it in our own work at Lumina. This report, and the data on which it is based, isn’t a mere public relations exercise. It is central to our mission, and it has already shaped our work in fundamental ways, pointing us toward areas in which our efforts are likely to have the greatest impact — the “working adult” student population, for example. And that leads me to the final way in which the Stronger Nation report might be viewed: Look at it as a promise … our promise to stay focused on this effort. Lumina Foundation is absolutely committed to the Big Goal, and that means this report can’t be a one-and-done enterprise. As an organization — really, as a nation — we can only stay on track toward that goal by looking regularly and closely at the data, and we see Stronger Nation as a very good lens for learning. I hope you’ll use that lens creatively and often, and I urge you to join with us in applying its lessons to the vital effort of increasing college attainment. You can be assured that Lumina is ready and eager to collaborate, to assist and to help connect groups and organizations that share our commitment to reaching the Big Goal.

Jamie P. Merisotis President and CEO Lumina Foundation

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

3

Tracking progress toward an audacious but attainable goal
n 2009, Lumina Foundation officially adopted its Big Goal that 60 percent of Americans obtain a high-quality postsecondary degree or credential by 2025. That same year, we began reporting on progress toward the Big Goal in a series of reports titled A Stronger Nation through Higher Education. The core of the reports is Census data on the higher education attainment rate — the percentage of the U.S. adult population that holds a two- or four-year college degree. The attainment rate remains the key metric for the Big Goal. This is the third Stronger Nation report, and it contains several additions and improvements designed to make it more pertinent and useful: • • • • • An assessment of higher education attainment in the nation and in every state, showing recent progress toward the Big Goal. The attainment rate for every county in the United States. Various breakdowns of the attainment data, including by race and ethnicity, age, and level of education. A new report on the attainment rate for the nation’s 100 largest metropolitan areas. A scenario for how to close the gap and reach 60 percent attainment by 2025.

I

The bottom line In 2010, the percentage of Americans between the ages of 25 and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate is increasing slowly but steadily. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. Because of the wide range of ages in the adult population represented by the Big Goal, the higher education attainment rate of the young-adult population (ages 25-34) is a good leading indicator of where higher education attainment rates are headed. In 2010, the attainment rate for young adults was 39.3 percent — a full percentage point higher than for all adults. In 2009, the rate for young adults was 39.0 percent, and in 2008 it was 37.8 percent. This is a step in the right direction — in 2008 the higher education attainment rate for young adults was below that of the adult population as a whole. However, this trend must accelerate if the nation is to reach the Big Goal. A changing climate A lot has changed in the U.S. — and in American higher education — since the first Stronger Nation report was issued. The president has continued to focus national attention on the need to increase higher education attainment, calling it “an economic imperative” in his most recent State of the Union address. A growing number of states have adopted formal goals for college attainment. In fact, 36 states now have specific goals for attainment established in statute, executive order or statewide strategic plans; 15 of these states set challenging and specific goals and commit to ongoing measurement of progress. Many colleges and universities and a number of national higher education associations have attainment goals as well. The need to increase higher education attainment is increasingly recognized by civic leaders in cities across the nation. We believe this recognition is both important and extremely constructive, since cities can help raise the

As in past years, in this report we also attempt to get behind the data — to understand higher education attainment and its ramifications for the future of our nation. This year we discuss our deepening understanding of the relationship between higher education attainment and the nation’s economy, particularly job growth and employment. We also discuss the role that quality plays in the drive to increase attainment, particularly as quality is defined in terms of learning. Lumina Foundation will continue to produce Stronger Nation reports regularly to track progress toward the Big Goal.

Levels of education for United States residents, ages 25-64
10.70% 4.87%

Less than ninth grade
7.65%

7,972,497 12,539,457 44,350,497 36,209,776 13,832,109 31,423,077 17,527,995 163,855,408

4.87% 7.65% 27.07% 22.10% 8.44% 19.18% 10.70% 100%

Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

19.18% 27.07% 8.44% 22.10%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey (Includes all states and the District of Columbia.)

4

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Higher education attainment and job growth
The relationship between higher education attainment and employment is clear, but is there an even deeper connection between attainment and the economy? Could increasing higher education attainment actually drive economic growth and job creation, particularly in today’s economy? Economists have examined the unexplained causes of the job market’s slow recovery from the recession. Available evidence suggests that our nation’s inability to match jobs to people with the right skills is a major factor in explaining why employment rates have not increased as quickly as they should have in the economic recovery.1 This mismatch goes beyond the level of specific occupations — i.e., unemployed auto workers needing to be retrained as nurses. The problem goes deeper — a mismatch of general skills across all occupations. A fascinating study by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York found that, in each U.S. recession since 1980, an increasing share of total unemployment was caused by structural job loss, not by short-term cyclical layoffs.2 This phenomenon is a major factor in the slowing of employment growth after recessions — the so-called “jobless recovery.” The most recent recession followed the same pattern, only more so. What is now very clear is that, when structural job loss takes place in an economy with increasing skill requirements — such as ours, education and training are essential to putting people back to work. If we can’t supply labor markets with enough people who have the necessary knowledge and skills, economic growth will be choked off.

educational aspirations of many students, help align K-12 education with expectations for college readiness, and help develop innovative programs to meet emerging occupational needs. Lumina feels strongly enough about the role of civic leadership in the attainment agenda to include in this edition of Stronger Nation — for the first time — college-attainment data for the nation’s 100 largest metropolitan areas. The value of setting specific and measurable goals for college completion and attainment should not be underestimated. Not only do such goals help communicate to the public and higher education stakeholders the urgent priority to dramatically increase postsecondary completion and attainment, they also help focus the strategies that foundations, states and institutions must pursue to meet the goals. Because of these goals, factors that influence attainment — most notably, the need to improve completion rates in higher education — are receiving much more attention at the federal, state and institutional levels. Lumina Foundation has begun reaching out to other groups that have a stake in increasing higher education attainment, including students and employers. Through our Goal 2025 initiative, Lumina is working to move beyond awareness of the need to increase attainment to a commitment to act. Employers, in particular, can play a key role in this effort by supporting the educational advancement of their own workers, as well as advocating for policies that increase attainment. Higher education and jobs The rationale for increasing higher education attainment is also much more widely understood than ever before. Most now agree that, as a nation, we desperately need more citizens with postsecondary degrees. We need them to bolster our economy, to strengthen our democracy, to lead our communities and more.
1 2

Understandably, however, the main focus has been on jobs and the fact that a growing number of them require some form of postsecondary education. According to the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, 60 percent of U.S. jobs will require some form of postsecondary education by 2018. For individual Americans, the consequences of not completing some form of postsecondary education are increasingly dire — especially in this economy. For many years, the main reason many people went to college was to gain access to better-paying jobs that allowed them to earn more throughout their lives. But earnings potential is no longer the main driver. In this economy, the issue is whether you even have a job. According to the Hamilton Project at the Brookings Institution, in 2010 at the peak of U.S. unemployment rates, around 8 percent of baccalaureate degree holders were unemployed or underemployed. But the situation for those with less education was even more serious. For high school graduates, the rate of unemployment and underemployment reached 21 percent, while for high school dropouts it peaked at 32 percent. Given these figures, it’s no wonder that millions are seeking postsecondary education — or that policymakers and higher education leaders are focused on increasing the number of Americans with college degrees and other postsecondary credentials. But the drive to increase attainment is not without its critics. In particular, it has become fashionable in some quarters to suggest that higher education is no longer worth the cost. Some in the public sphere have garnered a lot of publicity by saying there is a “higher education bubble” and advising bright young people to skip college and instead use their savings to start their own businesses. Newspapers and magazines are full of stories about the poor job prospects for recent college graduates, and nearly everyone seems to have heard about a college graduate who is supposedly living in his

http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/07/a-curious-unemployment-picture-gets-more-curious.html

The Federal Reserve Bank of New York study is called Has Structural Change Contributed to a Jobless Recovery? and was written by Erica L. Groshen and Simon Potter. An overview of the research and link to a PDF of the full report can be found at http://www.ny.frb.org/research/current_issues/ci9-8/ci9-8.html.

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

5

Degree-attainment rates among United States adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 22.83% 19.21% 59.36%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

42.96% 26.84%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

100%

parents’ basement or driving a cab. It’s certainly true that college costs much more than it used to, and more students are taking on debt to pay for it. So it’s become reasonable to ask the onceheretical question: Is college worth it? What about all those unemployed college graduates? A recent analysis by the Georgetown Center found that 8.9 percent of 22- to 26-year-olds with bachelor’s degrees are unemployed. That’s high by any measure, but probably not as bad as might be expected given the amount of media coverage of the supposed oversupply of college and university graduates. The unemployment rate for that same 22- to 26-year-old population with only a high school diploma is 22.9 percent, and it’s a staggering 31.5 percent for high school dropouts. And it is almost certain that, as the economy recovers, the college graduates will be the first ones hired. It’s not hard to figure out what is behind these numbers. Occupations that require higher-level skills — healthcare, for

example — are growing. Low-skill jobs aren’t exactly disappearing, but their numbers are shrinking, leaving more workers competing for them. The skill and knowledge requirements of most occupations are increasing, and people with only a high school diploma or less are unable to fill many of the jobs that the knowledge economy is creating. It’s like two games of musical chairs, where chairs are taken away from one game — the one for low-skill workers — and added to the game for workers with the skills and knowledge that today’s workplace demands. An emerging understanding of quality At Lumina, we believe strongly that increasing the number of Americans with high-quality postsecondary degrees and credentials to 60 percent by the year 2025 is essential, but we also believe that merely increasing the number of college graduates isn’t enough. We know very clearly that the need for

6

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

more college graduates is driven by real demand for the skills and knowledge that the degrees represent. Quite frankly, without a sharper focus on the quality of learning, increased degree attainment is meaningless. For too long, quality in higher education has been thought of mainly as a characteristic of institutions and programs. It is correlated with things such as admissions selectivity, faculty credentials, class size, campus amenities, the size of the endowment — even the price of tuition. Unfortunately, most people still think of higher education quality in terms of these input measures. But inputs are not now — and probably never have been — a true measure of quality. Today, actual outcomes are what matter, particularly outcomes for students. To better define higher education quality in terms of learning outcomes, Lumina has introduced the Degree Qualifications Profile (DQP). Drafted by experts in American higher education, the DQP is a framework for clearly defining the learning represented by college degrees. It is a baseline set of reference points for what students in any field should be able to do to earn their degrees. Currently, the DQP is being tested at more than 100 institutions in 30 states, representing virtually every sector of nonprofit higher education. It outlines five areas of student learning — specialized knowledge, broad knowledge, intellectual skills, applied learning and civic learning. While each of the five areas is described independently, the areas clearly interact, both in learning and in application. Students must apply their learning in a variety of settings and be able to solve problems that span disciplines. The expectation for student performance ratchets up from associate degree to bachelor’s to master‘s. From this effort, we have already learned that there is value in explicitly defining — and putting in writing — what a

degree represents in terms of learning. Again, the idea is to clearly demonstrate what a degree holder knows and is able to do with the degree he or she has earned. We have also learned that there is actually a great deal of consensus among educators and employers about the knowledge and skills that students need — and about how they should be able to apply them — as they progress from the associate degree to the bachelor’s and on to the master’s. The work of the past several decades on learning outcomes has produced an impressive body of knowledge that can be built on. And the data from employers strongly suggest that what they need from college graduates aligns with what educators are saying. Degrees matter, so we must increase the number of Americans who complete college degrees. But in the final analysis, college degrees must represent real learning. With the DQP, higher education can be accountable for the learning of its graduates. A list of credits earned and courses taken does not provide that assurance of quality. Being accountable for the quality and integrity of degrees means we must be accountable for student learning. We hope that the DQP continues to develop into an effective tool that all of higher education can use to define quality — and quality degrees — in terms of student learning. The road ahead The need to increase higher education attainment is clear and critical. America is grappling with the challenge of how to grow jobs, skills and opportunity. The issue can’t be wished away by trendy talk about higher education bubbles and simplistic questions about whether college is still “worth it.” America needs more college graduates. It’s the only viable route to economic prosperity — for individuals and for the nation.

The path to 60% degree attainment in the U.S.
60% 50%
44.1%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
49.9% 47.0% 41.2% 38.3% 38.3% 39.4% 40.5% 41.6% 42.7% 55.7% 52.8%

60%
58.6% 103.1 million graduates

40% 30% 20%

43.8%

44.9%

46.0%

46.5% 79.8 million graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

7

How many degrees to hit the Big Goal ... and how to get there
The Big Goal calls for the United States to reach a 60 percent higher education attainment rate by 2025, compared to the current rate of 38 percent. Lumina and many others are working on strategies to reach the Big Goal, but what will it actually take? How many degrees do we need, and where will they come from? To reach a 60 percent higher education attainment rate in 2025, 103 million Americans between the ages of 25 and 64 will need a college degree (that’s 60 percent of the projected 2025 U.S. population in that age range). About 37 million of those degrees have already been produced — they’re held by people who are young enough that they’ll still be in the workforce in 2025. That leaves 66 million new degrees. At current rates, the American higher education system can be expected to produce 38.3 million new degrees between now and 2025. Another 4.4 million will come from immigrants who come to this country with college degrees. That leaves a gap of 23.3 million new degrees that we need to produce. Plug the pipeline The first place to go for those degrees is to plug the leaks in the education pipeline. One good step would be to increase the high school graduation rate and college-going rate from high school to 75 percent and 70 percent respectively. These increased rates, which would still be lower than those already achieved by the best-performing U.S. states, would produce 3.6 million new degrees. Increasing completion rates in public colleges and universities to levels above where they are now but below today’s best-performing states would yield an additional 5.3 million degrees. The total impact of these ambitious but realistic approaches would be about 9 million additional college degrees — a substantial increase, but less than half of what is necessary to reach the Big Goal. Producing the rest of the degrees needed to reach the 60 percent goal will require innovative efforts outside the mainstream of current thinking. First, we can get more college degrees from adults — both those who didn’t go to college a postsecondary certificate as their highest level of education, and have earnings equivalent to those of two-year degree holders. Certificates matter To be counted under Lumina’s definition of high-quality degrees or credentials (those with clear and transparent learning outcomes leading to further education and employment), these certificates should be recognized in terms of learning outcomes and have clear pathways to further degrees. Once this is accomplished, counting these certificate holders would add 10.3 million degrees to the total. Even more innovative approaches are possible in the drive to reach the Big Goal, such as taking advantage of the burgeoning expansion of open courseware to create new pathways to degrees. Another innovative effort could be to significantly expand the availability of prior learning assessment (PLA), including granting degrees based on PLA. If made widely available, these approaches might produce more than 2 million new degrees by 2025. Undoubtedly, there are other promising ideas for increasing the number of college graduates. Getting to the Big Goal will require a combination of proven and innovative strategies. The cumulative effect of the approaches described above would be to produce 26.3 million new degrees — enough for the U.S. to reach an attainment rate of 62 percent by 2025. These aggressive but attainable targets show how the Big Goal can be reached.

directly from high school, and those who went to college but left without a degree. Increasing enrollment by students who did not go to college when they graduated from high school could realistically add 1.5 million college graduates to the total. Going after adults who attended college but never completed a degree would yield even more. Today, 36.2 million Americans between the ages of 25 and 64 fall into this category. If just 10 percent of them completed a degree or other high-quality credential, 3.6 million degree holders would be added to the total. The next step is to include high-value certificates. The Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce has calculated that approximately 5 percent of adults between the ages of 25 and 64 have

8

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of adults (25-64) with at least an associate degree, by metropolitan area
Percent with at least an associate degree Total Population 2010 2010 Population Rank Percent with at least an associate degree Total Population 2010 2010 Population Rank

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA St. Louis, MO-IL Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Baltimore-Towson, MD Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo, PR Pittsburgh, PA Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Kansas City, MO-KS Las Vegas-Paradise, NV San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Columbus, OH Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC Indianapolis-Carmel, IN Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN-MS-AR Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Richmond, VA Oklahoma City, OK Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Raleigh-Cary, NC Birmingham-Hoover, AL

45.88 38.96 43.59 38.66 42.65 35.25 54.37 39.65 43.39 54.01 52.91 37.86 27.54 37.30 47.97 50.06 43.95 41.15 37.56 43.90 47.39 36.92 43.56 43.82 40.65 33.88 39.55 39.37 38.65 42.52 29.67 54.08 42.83 43.16 41.00 46.97 38.20 40.28 39.06 42.09 36.50 33.28 34.85 39.61 35.19 46.28 33.70 44.14 52.72 36.92

18,897,109 12,828,837 9,461,105 6,371,773 5,965,343 5,946,800 5,582,170 5,564,635 5,268,860 4,552,402 4,335,391 4,296,250 4,224,851 4,192,887 3,439,809 3,279,833 3,095,313 2,812,896 2,783,243 2,710,489 2,543,482 2,478,905 2,356,285 2,226,009 2,149,127 2,142,508 2,134,411 2,130,151 2,077,240 2,035,334 1,951,269 1,836,911 1,836,536 1,758,038 1,756,241 1,716,289 1,671,683 1,600,852 1,589,934 1,555,908 1,345,596 1,316,100 1,283,566 1,258,251 1,252,987 1,212,381 1,167,764 1,135,509 1,130,490 1,128,047

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Albuquerque, NM Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA New Haven-Milford, CT Dayton, OH Bakersfield-Delano, CA Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Baton Rouge, LA El Paso, TX Worcester, MA McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Columbia, SC Greensboro-High Point, NC Akron, OH North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Knoxville, TN Springfield, MA Stockton, CA Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC Syracuse, NY Toledo, OH Colorado Springs, CO Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC Wichita, KS Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Boise City-Nampa, ID Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA Madison, WI Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Ogden-Clearfield, UT Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Jackson, MS Chattanooga, TN-GA Provo-Orem, UT Lancaster, PA

39.64 46.90 37.77 44.50 35.55 28.71 53.29 37.68 48.94 43.82 42.99 36.67 21.33 40.11 38.76 31.65 28.05 46.32 20.78 37.62 40.59 35.30 39.93 36.47 35.18 38.86 41.17 26.11 42.77 40.75 43.53 34.82 46.38 38.58 36.58 32.46 37.85 27.57 46.86 53.74 28.71 34.50 32.58 39.68 40.09 39.37 38.78 32.34 46.97 32.21

1,124,197 1,054,323 980,263 953,207 937,478 930,450 916,829 887,077 870,716 865,350 862,477 841,502 839,631 823,318 821,173 802,484 800,647 798,552 774,769 774,160 767,598 723,801 703,200 702,281 699,757 698,030 692,942 685,306 670,301 664,607 662,577 651,429 645,613 636,986 623,061 618,754 616,561 602,095 569,633 568,593 565,773 563,631 556,877 549,475 547,184 543,376 539,057 528,143 526,810 519,445

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census and 2008-10 American Community Survey Three-Year Estimates. Note: This chart lists Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). The term MSA refers to a large population nucleus, together with adjacent communities having a high degree of social and economic integration with that core. MSAs comprise one or more entire counties, except in New England, where cities and towns are the basic geographic units. The federal Office of Management and Budget defines MSAs for purposes of collecting, tabulating and publishing federal data. These definitions result from applying published standards to Census Bureau data.

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

9

Rank by population
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta Boston-Cambridge-Quincy San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont Detroit-Warren-Livonia Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos St. Louis Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Baltimore-Towson 18.9 million 12.8 million 9.5 million 6.4 million 6.0 million 5.9 million 5.6 million 5.6 million 5.3 million 4.6 million 4.3 million 4.3 million 4.2 million 4.2 million 3.4 million 3.3 million 3.1 million 2.8 million 2.8 million 2.7 million

47.97%

Seattle

San Francisco 52.91%

Rank by degree attainment
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Boston-Cambridge-Quincy San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos Baltimore-Towson Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington St. Louis Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington Detroit-Warren-Livonia Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario 54.37% 54.01% 52.91% 50.06% 47.97% 45.88% 43.95% 43.90% 43.59% 43.39% 42.65% 41.15% 39.65% 38.96% 38.66% 37.86% 37.56% 37.30% 35.25% 27.54%

Los Angeles 38.96% Riverside 27.54% San Diego 43.95% Phoenix 37.30%

10

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Attainment rates for the nation’s 20 most populated metropolitan areas

Minneapolis

50.06%

Boston

54.01%

Detroit Chicago 43.59%

37.86%

New York Philadelphia 42.65%

45.88%

Baltimore 43.90% 54.37% Washington DC St. Louis 41.15%

Atlanta

43.39%

Dallas

38.66%

Houston

35.25% Tampa 37.56% Miami 39.65%

Note: This map denotes Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). The term MSA refers to a large population nucleus, together with adjacent communities having a high degree of social and economic integration with that core. MSAs comprise one or more entire counties, except in New England, where cities and towns are the basic geographic units. The federal Office of Management and Budget defines MSAs for purposes of collecting, tabulating and publishing federal data. These definitions result from applying published standards to Census Bureau data.

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

11

ALABAMA
Of these job vacancies, 373,000 will require postsecondary n Alabama, 31.5 percent of the state’s 2.5 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, credentials. Clearly, Alabama’s economic future depends on according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Alabama producing more college graduates. Alabama can produce a lot more graduates by helping are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 32 percent, slightly higher than its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, more than 577,000 Alabama adults — 23 that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Alabama is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Alabama and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Alabama rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 31.6% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 31.7% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 38 percent of Alabama’s adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population — 886,000 people — will hold a 2010 – 31.5% statewide need, it is a particular challenge college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Alabama Alabama will need to add nearly 517,000 communities have access to high-quality higher education is degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Alabama must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 55 percent of Alabama’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Alabama will need to fill more than 680,000 vacancies resulting century students will help build Alabama’s economy and ensure from job creation, worker retirements and other factors. a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Alabama residents, ages 25-64
4.55% 8.09% 10.73% 15.18%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree

113,930 268,620 755,740 577,615 205,005 380,136 202,501 2,503,547

4.55% 10.73% 30.19% 23.07% 8.19% 15.18% 8.09% 100%

8.19%

30.19%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

23.07%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

13

Degree-attainment rates among Alabama adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 24.36% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 14.54% 57.38%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

35.00% 23.08%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Alabama
60% 50%
42.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
50.5% 46.7% 54.3% 58.1%

60%
1,402,853
graduates

40%
31.5%

39.1% 35.3% 32.3% 33.2% 34.1% 34.9% 35.8% 36.6% 37.5% 37.9% 886,135

30% 20%

31.5%

graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Alabama adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Autauga Baldwin Barbour Bibb Blount Bullock Butler Calhoun Chambers Cherokee Chilton Choctaw 31.06 36.61 21.63 16.06 20.91 19.14 21.64 24.65 20.39 17.53 19.22 19.96 Clarke Clay Cleburne Coffee Colbert Conecuh Coosa Covington Crenshaw Cullman Dale Dallas 21.18 19.13 14.79 33.08 25.86 23.14 13.98 23.47 17.53 25.82 29.71 23.50 DeKalb Elmore Escambia Etowah Fayette Franklin Geneva Greene Hale Henry Houston Jackson 18.88 27.87 22.00 27.02 19.59 21.04 17.19 15.90 17.05 23.70 29.86 19.84 Jefferson Lamar Lauderdale Lawrence Lee Limestone Lowndes Macon Madison Marengo Marion Marshall 39.19 16.13 30.58 20.55 39.90 30.07 18.30 28.90 46.74 26.33 19.33 23.92 Mobile Monroe Montgomery Morgan Perry Pickens Pike Randolph Russell St. Clair Shelby Sumter 29.27 20.03 38.27 28.07 19.92 19.83 28.87 19.10 20.77 23.40 50.03 21.42 Talladega Tallapoosa Tuscaloosa Walker Washington Wilcox Winston 20.03 24.21 34.78 19.17 14.60 20.08 18.60

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

14

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

ALASKA
vacancies, 65,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Alaska, 37.3 percent of the state’s 397,000 working-age Clearly, Alaska’s economic future depends on producing more adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Alaska Alaska can produce a lot more graduates by helping are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 33.2 percent, lower than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, nearly 119,000 Alaska adults had gone the adult population as a whole. to college but did not have either a two- or four-year college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 degree. They represent about 30 percent of the state’s adult and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year population. Encouraging and helping these college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate adults to complete degrees would go a long is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend way to helping Alaska reach the 60 percent percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workinggoal. young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainIn Alaska and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree ment, states must work systematically to must increase more rapidly to reach the Big close achievement gaps. To help Alaska Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 36.3% develop and implement these strategies, this current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 35.1% document features a detailed breakdown of about 44 percent of Alaska’s adult population the attainment rate in each borough. The — 170,000 people — will hold a college 2010 – 37.3% data show that, while increasing attainment degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Alaska is a statewide need, it is a particular challenge will need to add nearly 65,000 more degrees in rural boroughs. Assuring that all Alaska communities have to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University access to high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Alaska must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 63 percent of Alaska’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Alaska will need to fill 104,000 vacancies resulting from job students will help build Alaska’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Alaska residents, ages 25-64
1.91% 9.15% 5.96%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)
24.95%

7,577 23,689 99,114 118,771 35,273 76,459 36,355 397,238

1.91% 5.96% 24.95% 29.90% 8.88% 19.25% 9.15% 100%

19.25%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

8.88% 29.90%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

15

Degree-attainment rates among Alaska adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 12.18% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 26.33% 29.40%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

43.01% 36.11%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Alaska
60% 50%
43.3%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
52.4% 49.4% 46.4% 40.3% 37.3% 37.3% 38.1% 38.9% 39.8% 40.6% 41.4% 43.1% 55.5% 58.5%

60%
graduates

235,018

40% 30% 20%

42.3%

graduates

43.5% 170,388

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Alaska adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by borough
Aleutians East Borough Aleutians West Census Area Anchorage Municipality Bethel Census Area Bristol Bay Borough Denali Borough Dillingham Census Area Fairbanks North Star Borough Haines Borough Hoonah-Angoon Census Area 17.23 14.92 42.56 18.78 29.67 36.49 26.19 37.77 38.42 35.74 Juneau City and Borough Kenai Peninsula Borough Ketchikan Gateway Borough Kodiak Island Borough Lake and Peninsula Borough Matanuska-Susitna Borough Nome Census Area North Slope Borough Northwest Arctic Borough Petersburg Census Area 41.33 30.53 34.10 31.52 19.94 31.37 18.85 16.49 17.21 38.63
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area Sitka City and Borough Skagway Municipality Southeast Fairbanks Census Area Valdez-Cordova Census Area Wade Hampton Census Area Wrangell City and Borough Yakutat City and Borough Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area

23.01 38.31 38.11 25.83 34.38 10.58 28.79 32.52 17.27

16

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

ARIZONA
vacancies, 554,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Arizona, 35.1 percent of the state’s 3.3 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Arizona’s economic future depends on producing more college according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Arizona graduates. Arizona can produce a lot more graduates by helping are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 32.7 percent, lower than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, nearly 884,000 Arizona adults had the adult population as a whole. gone to college but did not have either a two- or four-year In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college degree. They represent 27 percent of the state’s adult and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year population. Encouraging and helping these college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate adults to complete degrees would go a long is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend way to helping Arizona reach the 60 percent percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workinggoal. young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainIn Arizona and nationally, attainment least an associate degree ment, states must work systematically to rates must increase more rapidly to reach close achievement gaps. To help Arizona the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 34.4% develop and implement these strategies, this 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 34.8% document features a detailed breakdown of continues, about 39 percent of Arizona’s adult the attainment rate in each county. The data population — 1.7 million people — will hold 2010 – 35.1% show that, while increasing attainment is a a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, statewide need, it is a particular challenge Arizona will need to add more than 900,000 in rural counties. Assuring that all Arizona communities have degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University access to high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Arizona must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 61 percent of Arizona’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Arizona will need to fill 907,000 vacancies resulting from job century students will help build Arizona’s economy and ensure a creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Arizona residents, ages 25-64
5.67% 8.96% 17.33% 23.94% 8.83% 27.11% 8.17%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

184,819 266,365 780,448 883,777 287,734 564,835 291,985 3,259,963

5.67% 8.17% 23.94% 27.11% 8.83% 17.33% 8.96% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

17

Degree-attainment rates among Arizona adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 15.43% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.98% 59.55%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

43.28% 34.49%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Arizona
60% 50%
45.1% 41.7%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
51.7% 48.4% 55.0% 58.3%

60%
2,622,115
graduates

40% 30% 20%

38.4% 35.1% 35.1% 35.7% 36.2% 36.8% 37.4% 37.9% 38.5% 39.1%

39.4% 1,721,856
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Arizona adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Apache Cochise Coconino 19.46 33.97 39.57 Gila Graham Greenlee 24.33 21.22 23.65 La Paz Maricopa Mohave 14.32 38.54 20.36 Navajo Pima Pinal 24.38 38.58 27.56 Santa Cruz Yavapai Yuma 20.92 32.31 21.67

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

18

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

ARKANSAS
job vacancies, 217,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Arkansas, 27.9 percent of the state’s 1.5 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, Arkansas’ economic future depends on producing more according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Arkansas college graduates. Arkansas can produce a lot more graduates by helping are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 30.3 percent, higher than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, 358,000 Arkansas adults — 24 percent of the adult population as a whole. the adult population —had gone to college but did not have In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Arkansas is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Arkansas and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Arkansas rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 26.5% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 27.0% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 35 percent of Arkansas’ adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population — nearly 538,000 people — will 2010 – 27.9% statewide need, it is a particular challenge hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 in rural counties. Assuring that all Arkansas percent, Arkansas will need to add about communities have access to high-quality higher education is 374,000 more degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Arkansas must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 52 percent of Arkansas’ jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Arkansas will need to fill 419,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Arkansas’ economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Arkansas residents, ages 25-64
6.36% 14.33% 7.23% 34.06% 23.88% 4.49% 9.65%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

67,387 144,629 510,657 358,003 108,448 214,858 95,365 1,499,347

4.49% 9.65% 34.06% 23.88% 7.23% 14.33% 6.36% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

19

Degree-attainment rates among Arkansas adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 28.72% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 12.51% 42.61%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

29.39% 20.09%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Arkansas
60% 50%
45.0%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
57.9% 49.3% 53.6%

60%
graduates

911,276

40%
32.2%

40.8% 36.5% 33.9% 34.9% 35.4% 537,653

30% 20%

27.9% 27.9% 28.9% 29.9%

30.9%

31.9%

32.9%

graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Arkansas adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Arkansas Ashley Baxter Benton Boone Bradley Calhoun Carroll Chicot Clark Clay Cleburne Cleveland 23.87 18.53 24.61 34.07 23.18 16.99 15.85 23.03 15.76 31.98 16.52 22.37 20.97 Columbia Conway Craighead Crawford Crittenden Cross Dallas Desha Drew Faulkner Franklin Fulton Garland 30.23 20.12 29.71 23.31 20.62 20.16 17.80 19.71 27.63 35.50 16.87 18.02 28.88 Grant Greene Hempstead Hot Spring Howard Izard Jackson Jefferson Johnson Lafayette Lawrence Lee 22.32 17.44 20.85 22.75 16.59 18.07 12.60 22.33 19.26 19.03 15.75 12.60 Lincoln Little River Logan Lonoke Madison Marion Miller Mississippi Monroe Montgomery Nevada Newton Ouachita 13.45 22.84 19.79 27.22 17.27 21.00 17.86 18.02 23.64 22.54 19.65 18.88 20.08 Perry Phillips Pike Poinsett Polk Pope Prairie Pulaski Randolph St. Francis Saline Scott Searcy 15.80 24.60 20.49 14.15 18.51 27.71 15.88 39.50 21.97 17.59 30.41 14.62 16.39 Sebastian Sevier Sharp Stone Union Van Buren Washington White Woodruff Yell 26.89 14.82 19.15 20.18 26.80 22.63 34.05 24.34 12.70 14.18

Independence 22.10

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

20

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

CALIFORNIA
n California, 38.8 percent of the state’s 19.8 million working- vacancies, 3.3 million will require postsecondary credentials. age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, California’s economic future depends on producing according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in California more college graduates. California can produce a lot more graduates by helping are stable or increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 38 percent, slightly lower its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, nearly 4.5 million California adults — 23 than that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping California is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In California and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help California rates must increase more rapidly to reach the develop and implement these strategies, this Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. 2008 – 38.6% document features a detailed breakdown of If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 38.7% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 43 percent of California’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — 9.6 million people — will 2010 – 38.8% statewide need, it is a particular challenge hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 in rural counties. Assuring that all California percent, California will need to add nearly 3.7 communities have access to high-quality higher education is million more degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, California must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 61 percent of California’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, and students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these California will need to fill 5.5 million vacancies resulting from 21st century students will help build California’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for California residents, ages 25-64
9.58% 8.82% 20.00% 20.16% 7.91% 22.65%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL

1,899,532 1,749,651 3,998,052 4,491,007 1,567,500 3,965,501 2,156,462 19,827,705

9.58% 8.82% 20.16% 22.65% 7.91% 20.00% 10.88% 100%

10.88%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

21

Degree-attainment rates among California adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 26.51% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.14% 59.18%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

50.59% 32.20%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in California
60% 50%
44.4%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
52.9% 50.1% 47.3% 41.6% 39.4% 40.0% 40.6% 41.3% 41.9% 42.5% 55.8% 58.6%

60%
13,292,500
graduates

40% 30% 20%

38.8% 38.8%

43.1%

43.4% 9,614,908
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of California adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno 49.78 37.70 28.50 35.46 30.99 20.51 48.01 23.42 42.68 28.55 Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera 23.83 37.22 20.38 30.44 21.68 19.84 25.99 23.68 37.17 20.12 Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange 62.08 30.04 33.07 19.91 26.62 40.86 29.67 39.52 43.44 45.26 Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Diego San Joaquin 47.88 28.83 28.31 38.40 27.31 43.92 26.73 San Mateo Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus 54.61 55.06 46.56 31.89 34.30 34.29 35.66 40.06 23.97 Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba 30.14 21.19 29.83 20.97 26.67 40.42 47.17 22.66 Santa Barbara 39.82

San Bernardino 27.37 San Francisco 61.54 San Luis Obispo 41.36

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

22

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

COLORADO
job vacancies, 609,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Colorado, 46 percent of the state’s 2.8 million workingClearly, Colorado’s economic future depends on producing age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Colorado can produce a lot more graduates by helping in Colorado are stable or increasing slightly. The degreeits residents who have attended college but not earned a attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 43.9 credential. In 2010, nearly 641,000 Colorado adults — 23 percent, lower than that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Colorado is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Colorado and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Colorado rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 45.3% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 45.8% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 51 percent of Colorado’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — nearly 1.4 million people 2010 – 46.0% statewide need, it is a particular challenge — will hold a college degree in 2025. To in rural counties. Assuring that all Colorado reach 60 percent, Colorado will need to add communities have access to high-quality higher education is more than 236,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Colorado must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 67 percent of Colorado’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Colorado will need to fill 924,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Colorado’s economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Colorado residents, ages 25-64
3.81% 12.89% 5.72%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)
21.42%

105,734 158,672 594,813 640,570 231,777 686,902 357,939 2,776,407

3.81% 5.72% 21.42% 23.07% 8.35% 24.74% 12.89% 100%

24.74%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

8.35%

23.07%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

23

Degree-attainment rates among Colorado adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 28.25% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 18.13% 53.07%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

53.03% 32.15%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Colorado
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
49.7% 47.4% 51.6% 53.5% 55.3% 49.5% 57.2% 59.1% 51.3% 1,392,974
graduates

60%

1,629,209
graduates

46.0% 46.0%

47.9% 46.7%

48.1%

48.8%

50.2%

50.9%

Percentage of Colorado adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Alamosa Arapahoe Archuleta Baca Bent Boulder Broomfield Chaffee Cheyenne Clear Creek 29.81 34.92 47.25 45.13 35.58 23.31 64.48 56.71 40.12 37.92 48.16 Conejos Costilla Crowley Custer Delta Denver Dolores Douglas Eagle Elbert El Paso 28.68 17.65 18.93 40.78 27.03 47.72 19.65 64.34 50.06 41.57 46.47 Fremont Garfield Gilpin Grand Gunnison Hinsdale Huerfano Jackson Jefferson Kiowa Kit Carson 20.98 32.33 43.47 40.74 54.73 37.94 35.54 34.65 49.40 35.96 27.06 Lake La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Logan Mesa Mineral Moffat Montezuma Montrose 37.01 48.17 53.50 34.93 24.51 31.72 35.79 50.97 25.34 35.23 31.29 Morgan Otero Ouray Park Phillips Pitkin Prowers Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande Routt 25.74 30.01 45.15 38.17 28.11 64.70 32.00 33.14 32.06 22.62 51.13 Saguache San Juan San Miguel Sedgwick Summit Teller Washington Weld Yuma 25.78 29.82 52.92 30.24 55.46 38.76 32.13 36.19 28.89

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

24

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

CONNECTICUT
job vacancies, 359,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Connecticut, 45.8 percent of the state’s 1.9 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Connecticut’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Connecticut can produce a lot more graduates by helping Connecticut are decreasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate its residents who have attended college but not earned a of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 45.4 percent, slightly credential. In 2010, nearly 360,000 Connecticut adults — about lower than that of the adult population as a whole. 19 percent of the adult population — had gone to college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year Encouraging and helping these adults to college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Connecticut reach the 60 percent percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workinggoal. young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainIn Connecticut and nationally, attainment least an associate degree ment, states must work systematically to rates must increase more rapidly to reach close achievement gaps. To help Connecticut the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 46.6% develop and implement these strategies, this 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 46.4% document features a detailed breakdown of continues, about 51 percent of Connecticut’s the attainment rate in each county. The data adult population — 953,000 people — will 2010 – 45.8% show that, while increasing attainment is a hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 statewide need, it is a particular challenge in percent, Connecticut will need to add nearly rural counties. Assuring that all Connecticut communities have 162,000 more degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University access to high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Connecticut must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 65 percent of Connecticut’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Connecticut will need to fill 564,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Connecticut’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Connecticut residents, ages 25-64
3.25% 16.09% 5.86%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)
26.37%

62,509 112,901 507,963 359,891 148,063 424,953 309,950 1,926,230

3.25% 5.86% 26.37% 18.68% 7.69% 22.06% 16.09% 100%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

22.06%

7.69%

18.68%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

25

Degree-attainment rates among Connecticut adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 28.52% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 19.93% 68.66%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

51.92% 26.63%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Connecticut
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
49.6% 47.3% 51.5% 53.4% 48.8% 55.3% 49.5% 57.2% 50.2% 59.1%

60% graduates
51.3% 953,466

1,115,165

45.8% 45.8%

47.7% 46.6%

51.0%

48.0%

graduates

Percentage of Connecticut adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Fairfield Hartford 53.38 44.56 Litchfield Middlesex 43.66 49.41 New Haven New London 42.54 41.00 Tolland Windham 49.66 30.56

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

26

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

DELAWARE
job vacancies, 83,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Delaware, 37.4 percent of the state’s 471,000 workingClearly, Delaware’s economic future depends on producing age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Delaware can produce a lot more graduates by helping in Delaware are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate its residents who have attended college but not earned a of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 37.9 percent, slightly credential. In 2010, nearly 100,000 Delaware adults — 21 higher than that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Delaware is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Delaware and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Delaware rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 37.0% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 38.6% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 42 percent of Delaware’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — 204,000 people — will 2010 – 37.4% statewide need, it is a particular challenge hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 in rural counties. Assuring that all Delaware percent, Delaware will need to add nearly communities have access to high-quality higher education is 88,000 more degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Delaware must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 59 percent of Delaware’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Delaware will need to fill 144,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Delaware’s economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Delaware residents, ages 25-64
2.98% 11.66% 7.40%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

14,034 34,893 146,001 99,953 37,771 83,712 54,945 471,309

2.98% 7.40% 30.98% 21.21% 8.01% 17.76% 11.66% 100%

17.76% 30.98% 8.01% 21.21%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

27

Degree-attainment rates among Delaware adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 19.22% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.29% 73.91%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

41.07% 25.75%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Delaware
60% 50%
43.5%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
52.5% 49.5% 46.5% 40.4% 38.0% 38.7% 39.3% 39.9% 40.5% 41.1% 55.5% 58.5%

60%
graduates

291,733

40% 30% 20%

37.4% 37.4%

41.7%

graduates

42.0% 204,213

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Delaware adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Kent 30.82 New Castle 41.99 Sussex 30.45
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

28

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

FLORIDA
vacancies, 1.6 million will require postsecondary credentials. n Florida, 36.5 percent of the state’s 9.8 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, Florida’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Florida Florida can produce a lot more graduates by helping are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 35.8 percent, slightly lower than its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, more than 2.1 million Florida adults — that of the adult population as a whole. nearly 22 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college but did not have either a two- or four-year college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year degree. Encouraging and helping these adults college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate to complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Florida reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Florida and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Florida must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 36.8% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 36.4% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 43 percent of Florida’s adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — 5.2 million people — will hold a college 2010 – 36.5% statewide need, it is a particular challenge degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Florida in rural counties. Assuring that all Florida will need to add more than 2.1 million degrees communities have access to high-quality higher education is to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Florida must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 59 percent of Florida’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Florida will need to fill 2.8 million vacancies resulting from job students will help build Florida’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Florida residents, ages 25-64
4.45% 8.96% 17.74% 28.92% 9.80% 21.79% 8.34%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

436,359 817,557 2,835,384 2,136,681 960,424 1,739,410 878,165 9,803,980

4.45% 8.34% 28.92% 21.79% 9.80% 17.74% 8.96% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

29

Degree-attainment rates among Florida adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 28.57% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 25.03% 31.23% 55.41%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

40.70%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Florida
60% 50%
42.8%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
52.2% 49.0% 45.9% 39.6% 36.5% 36.5% 37.3% 38.1% 39.0% 39.8% 40.6% 42.2% 55.3% 58.4%

60%
7,349,415
graduates

40% 30% 20%

41.4%

42.6% 5,218,085
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Florida adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Alachua Baker Bay Bradford Brevard Broward Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier Columbia 54.14 15.75 31.95 16.50 40.01 41.79 16.40 31.98 25.50 35.50 34.93 24.43 DeSoto Dixie Duval Escambia Flagler Franklin Gadsden Gilchrist Glades Gulf Hamilton Hardee 15.80 10.83 35.44 34.67 33.42 21.85 17.56 17.29 17.05 20.48 14.36 12.09 Hendry Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Holmes Indian River Jackson Jefferson Lafayette Lake Lee Leon 12.47 26.59 23.55 41.05 16.08 34.36 21.21 21.06 20.84 30.62 33.06 51.52 Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion Martin Miami-Dade Monroe Nassau Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange 21.01 19.31 16.74 36.24 27.56 41.36 37.72 38.54 30.48 38.69 18.43 42.79 Osceola Palm Beach Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam St. Johns St. Lucie Santa Rosa Sarasota Seminole Sumter 30.49 41.96 33.13 39.08 27.71 19.10 49.86 27.24 37.18 38.18 46.18 23.07 Suwannee Taylor Union Volusia Wakulla Walton Washington 17.87 18.75 14.69 32.97 25.76 31.68 18.73

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

30

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

GEORGIA
job vacancies, 820,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Georgia, 36.1 percent of the state’s 5.2 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, Georgia’s economic future depends on producing more according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Georgia college graduates. Georgia can produce a lot more graduates by helping are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 34.8 percent, lower than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, 1.1 million Georgia adults — 22 percent of the adult population as a whole. the adult population — had gone to college but did not have In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Georgia is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Georgia and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Georgia rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 36.2% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 36.2% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 43 percent of Georgia’s adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population — 2.4 million people — will hold 2010 – 36.1% statewide need, it is a particular challenge a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Georgia Georgia will need to add more than 989,000 communities have access to high-quality higher education is degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Georgia must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 58 percent of Georgia’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Georgia will need to fill 1.4 million vacancies resulting from century students will help build Georgia’s economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Georgia residents, ages 25-64
4.52% 10.01% 9.16%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

234,927 476,552 1,476,738 1,134,662 383,029 975,273 520,544 5,201,725

4.52% 9.16% 28.39% 21.81% 7.36% 18.75% 10.01% 100%

18.75% 28.39% 7.36% 21.81%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

31

Degree-attainment rates among Georgia adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 33.27% 40% 50% 60% 70% 18.05% 58.76%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

41.07% 28.60%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Georgia
60% 50%
42.5%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
52.0% 48.9% 45.7% 39.3% 36.1% 36.1% 37.0% 37.8% 38.7% 39.5% 40.3% 55.2% 58.4%

60%
3,391,582
graduates

40% 30% 20%

41.2%

42.0%

42.5% 2,402,371
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

32

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Georgia adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Appling Atkinson Bacon Baker Baldwin Banks Barrow Bartow Ben Hill Berrien Bibb Bleckley Brantley Brooks Bryan Bulloch Burke Butts Calhoun Camden Candler Carroll Catoosa Charlton Chatham Chattooga 15.18 12.43 12.38 19.11 24.25 16.06 24.01 22.39 16.93 22.21 31.84 17.34 11.11 20.86 38.00 31.89 12.38 15.51 13.52 30.16 17.94 24.96 28.83 11.70 38.35 17.05 Cherokee Clarke Clay Clayton Clinch Cobb Coffee Colquitt Columbia Cook Coweta Crawford Crisp Dade Dawson Decatur DeKalb Dodge Dooly Dougherty Douglas Early Echols Effingham Elbert Emanuel Evans 43.56 47.04 16.30 25.89 23.20 52.94 20.45 17.97 45.20 17.20 35.56 20.43 19.17 25.52 22.78 22.17 47.22 22.79 15.65 27.23 33.78 25.71 10.94 23.95 17.22 18.25 21.40 Fannin Fayette Floyd Forsyth Franklin Fulton Gilmer Glascock Glynn Gordon Grady Greene Gwinnett Habersham Hall Hancock Haralson Harris Hart Heard Henry Houston Irwin Jackson Jasper Jeff Davis Jefferson 22.91 54.46 24.85 53.80 20.48 55.00 17.63 19.24 33.19 18.31 19.23 20.56 45.52 26.09 27.50 14.59 16.95 38.83 22.10 15.83 34.92 36.37 17.57 26.08 18.90 18.97 13.33 Jenkins Johnson Jones Lamar Lanier Laurens Lee Liberty Lincoln Long Lowndes Lumpkin McDuffie McIntosh Macon Madison Marion Meriwether Miller Mitchell Monroe Montgomery Morgan Murray Muscogee Newton Oconee 23.20 15.07 27.52 16.11 17.78 23.29 28.64 28.74 18.94 13.44 31.38 26.10 19.26 22.24 15.73 19.41 12.82 11.97 18.27 15.15 24.71 26.51 30.53 11.25 30.96 28.19 53.15 Oglethorpe Paulding Peach Pickens Pierce Pike Polk Pulaski Putnam Quitman Rabun Randolph Richmond Rockdale Schley Screven Seminole Spalding Stephens Stewart Sumter Talbot Taliaferro Tattnall Taylor Telfair Terrell 18.81 29.26 27.38 26.33 16.21 21.21 17.17 14.58 26.81 13.14 29.33 20.94 29.55 34.40 21.26 14.82 16.67 20.33 20.99 16.35 24.94 15.58 12.26 15.46 10.88 16.91 18.04 Thomas Tift Toombs Towns Treutlen Troup Turner Twiggs Union Upson Walker Walton Ware Warren Washington Wayne Webster Wheeler White Whitfield Wilcox Wilkes Wilkinson Worth 26.63 26.39 23.27 29.37 17.26 26.84 19.96 14.14 31.28 16.90 20.52 25.70 19.39 10.96 13.73 18.27 17.59 15.80 27.73 21.40 11.80 21.16 17.85 16.01

Chattahoochee 45.03

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

33

34

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

HAWAII
vacancies, 131,100 will require postsecondary credentials. n Hawaii, 41.6 percent of the state’s 729,000 working-age Clearly, Hawaii’s economic future depends on producing more adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Hawaii Hawaii can produce a lot more graduates by helping are decreasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 38.6 percent, lower than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, more than 174,000 Hawaii adults — 24 the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Hawaii reach is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Hawaii and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Hawaii must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 42.3% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 42.9% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 47 percent of Hawaii’s adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — roughly 309,000 people — will hold a 2010 – 41.6% statewide need, it is a particular challenge college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Hawaii Hawaii will need to add more than 87,000 communities have access to high-quality higher education is degrees. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Hawaii must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 65 percent of Hawaii’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Hawaii will need to fill 205,400 vacancies resulting from job students will help build Hawaii’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Hawaii residents, ages 25-64
2.79% 4.54%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

20,341 33,066 197,491 174,559 76,815 156,400 70,130 728,802

2.79% 4.54% 27.10% 23.95% 10.54% 21.46% 9.62% 100%

9.62%

21.46%

27.10%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

10.54% 23.95%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

35

Degree-attainment rates among Hawaii adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 29.52% 42.19% 40.34% 50% 60% 70%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

52.00% 45.92%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Hawaii
60% 50%
41.6% 44.1% 42.3%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
51.4% 49.0% 46.5% 43.7% 44.4% 45.1% 45.8% 46.4% 53.9% 56.3% 58.8%

60%
graduates

395,910

40% 30% 20%

41.6%

43.0%

graduates

46.8% 308,810

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Hawaii adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Hawaii 39.60 Honolulu 44.64 Kalawao 53.33 Kauai 36.35 Maui 35.73
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

36

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

IDAHO
vacancies, 146,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Idaho, 34.7 percent of the state’s 791,000 working-age Clearly, Idaho’s economic future depends on producing more adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Idaho Idaho can produce a lot more graduates by helping are essentially stable. The higher education attainment rate of its residents who have attended college but not earned a young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 31.2 percent, credential. In 2010, more than 217,000 Idaho adults — 27 lower than that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Idaho reach is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Idaho and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Idaho must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 34.8% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 34.3% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 39 percent of Idaho’s adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — roughly 360,000 people — will hold a 2010 – 34.7% statewide need, it is a particular challenge college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Idaho Idaho will need to add slightly more than communities have access to high-quality higher education is 188,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Idaho must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 61 percent of Idaho’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Idaho will need to fill 239,000 vacancies resulting from job students will help build Idaho’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Idaho residents, ages 25-64
3.74% 7.70% 17.87% 27.19% 9.17% 27.45% 6.90%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

29,554 54,590 215,040 217,092 72,528 141,311 60,873 790,988

3.74% 6.90% 27.19% 27.45% 9.17% 17.87% 7.70% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

37

Degree-attainment rates among Idaho adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 16.04% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 12.35% 52.59%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

37.56% 23.59%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Idaho
60% 50%
44.8%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
51.6% 48.2% 41.5% 38.1% 34.7% 34.7% 35.4% 36.0% 36.6% 37.2% 37.9% 38.5% 39.1% 54.9% 58.3%

60%
graduates

547,600

40% 30% 20% 2010

graduates

39.4% 359,590

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Idaho adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Ada Adams Bannock Bear Lake Benewah Bingham Blaine Boise 45.52 29.46 38.51 24.39 18.82 26.29 46.93 31.34 Bonner Bonneville Boundary Butte Camas Canyon Caribou Cassia 32.25 37.24 17.61 28.36 26.81 25.66 31.57 26.25 Clark Clearwater Custer Elmore Franklin Fremont Gem Gooding 5.76 26.10 30.08 28.23 26.61 30.56 22.32 18.92 Idaho Jefferson Jerome Kootenai Latah Lemhi Lewis Lincoln 19.42 30.28 18.97 35.65 52.15 34.43 31.78 19.21 Madison Minidoka Nez Perce Oneida Owyhee Payette Power Shoshone 44.93 18.57 32.64 28.92 18.06 24.57 27.69 18.96 Teton Twin Falls Valley Washington 40.66 29.25 42.58 24.18

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

38

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

ILLINOIS
vacancies, 1.3 million will require postsecondary credentials. n Illinois, 41.3 percent of the state’s 6.8 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, Illinois’ economic future depends on producing more college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Illinois Illinois can produce a lot more graduates by helping are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 44.4 percent, higher than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, 1.5 million Illinois adults — 22 percent of the adult population as a whole. the adult population — had gone to college but did not have In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Illinois reach is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Illinois and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Illinois must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 40.8% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 41.4% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 49 percent of Illinois’ adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — nearly 3.3 million people — will hold a 2010 – 41.3% statewide need, it is a particular challenge college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Illinois Illinois will need to add slightly more than communities have access to high-quality higher education is 710,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Illinois must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 64 percent of Illinois’ jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Illinois will need to fill 2 million vacancies resulting from job students will help build Illinois’ economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Illinois residents, ages 25-64
4.41% 12.16% 6.82%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

301,928 467,136 1,744,545 1,507,642 550,984 1,445,933 832,772 6,850,940

4.41% 6.82% 25.46% 22.01% 8.04% 21.11% 12.16% 100%

21.11%

25.46%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

8.04% 22.01%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

39

Degree-attainment rates among Illinois adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 35.08% 40% 50% 60% 70% 17.83% 71.86%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

46.88% 27.87%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Illinois
60% 50%
41.3% 43.8% 42.4% 43.4% 44.5%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
48.8% 46.3% 45.6% 46.6% 47.7% 51.3% 53.8% 56.3% 58.8%

60%
3,981,667
graduates

48.7%

49.3% 3,271,603
graduates

40% 30% 20%

41.3%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

40

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Illinois adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Alexander Bond Boone Brown Bureau Calhoun Carroll Cass Champaign Christian Clark Clay Clinton Coles Cook Crawford 33.45 21.17 37.02 30.23 20.37 27.08 28.66 26.74 18.64 53.15 22.22 32.72 29.17 35.09 35.89 42.71 31.74 Cumberland DeKalb De Witt Douglas DuPage Edgar Edwards Effingham Fayette Ford Franklin Fulton Gallatin Greene Grundy Hamilton Hancock 28.12 40.06 24.79 24.16 56.16 28.43 37.28 38.32 26.77 29.28 27.26 26.78 20.73 23.39 29.98 28.79 30.57 Hardin Henderson Henry Iroquois Jackson Jasper Jefferson Jersey Jo Daviess Johnson Kane Kankakee Kendall Knox Lake LaSalle Lawrence 22.86 26.55 34.51 25.31 46.17 31.73 25.98 29.48 34.14 23.77 41.07 29.19 43.26 28.66 49.82 28.82 28.66 Lee Livingston Logan McDonough McHenry McLean Macon Macoupin Madison Marion Marshall Mason Massac Menard Mercer Monroe Montgomery 28.18 23.61 25.96 45.21 42.51 50.89 30.53 26.77 35.04 27.75 29.79 27.47 27.90 36.79 29.65 40.20 24.02 Morgan Moultrie Ogle Peoria Perry Piatt Pike Pope Pulaski Putnam Randolph Richland Rock Island St. Clair Saline Sangamon Schuyler 29.69 28.08 29.75 40.39 27.07 37.82 23.80 20.41 26.37 30.59 21.18 38.71 33.76 36.98 29.78 43.30 25.26 Scott Shelby Stark Stephenson Tazewell Union Vermilion Wabash Warren Washington Wayne White Whiteside Will Williamson Winnebago Woodford 28.18 29.49 30.31 29.80 37.56 29.71 25.35 35.87 30.25 34.38 30.82 31.21 28.85 41.63 34.63 31.47 42.08

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

41

42

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

INDIANA
vacancies, 506,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Indiana, 33.2 percent of the state’s 3.4 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, Indiana’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Indiana Indiana can produce a lot more graduates by helping are essentially stable. The higher education attainment rate of its residents who have attended college but not earned a young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 35.7 percent, credential. In 2010, about 747,000 Indiana adults — 22 percent higher than that of the adult population as a whole. of the adult population — had gone to college but did not In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Indiana is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Indiana and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Indiana must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 33.4% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 33.0% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 41 percent of Indiana’s adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — 1.3 million people — will hold a college 2010 – 33.2% statewide need, it is a particular challenge degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Indiana in rural counties. Assuring that all Indiana will need to add nearly 633,000 degrees to communities have access to high-quality higher education is that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Indiana must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 55 percent of Indiana’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Indiana will need to fill 930,000 vacancies resulting from job students will help build Indiana’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Indiana residents, ages 25-64
3.23% 8.18% 16.47% 33.70% 7.78%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

109,304 263,645 1,141,236 746,807 290,963 557,704 277,148 3,386,807

3.23% 7.78% 33.70% 22.05% 8.59% 16.47% 8.18% 100%

8.59%

22.05%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

43

Degree-attainment rates among Indiana adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 24.40% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 17.85% 62.70%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

34.57% 24.20%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Indiana
60% 50%
43.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
58.2% 51.1% 47.5% 40.4% 36.8% 33.2% 34.3% 35.3% 36.3% 37.3% 38.3% 39.3% 40.3% 54.6%

60%
1,977,734
graduates

40% 30% 20% 2010
33.2%

40.8% 1,344.859
graduates

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Indiana adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Allen Benton Blackford Boone Brown Carroll Cass Clark Clay Clinton Crawford Daviess Dearborn Decatur 23.13 37.94 23.79 20.32 49.40 28.31 24.25 20.40 28.29 28.67 21.50 20.62 22.96 26.63 23.40 DeKalb Delaware Dubois Elkhart Fayette Floyd Fountain Franklin Fulton Gibson Grant Greene Hamilton Hancock Harrison Hendricks 26.63 32.15 31.86 25.13 17.09 33.29 23.34 28.18 22.95 28.22 25.85 22.88 63.72 36.53 23.77 44.16 Henry Howard Huntington Jackson Jasper Jay Jefferson Jennings Johnson Knox Kosciusko LaGrange Lake LaPorte Lawrence Madison 22.74 28.30 25.53 23.05 24.47 21.42 24.94 16.18 37.89 33.09 28.02 16.05 29.04 26.92 21.79 26.44 Marion Marshall Martin Miami Monroe Montgomery Morgan Newton Noble Ohio Orange Owen Parke Perry Pike Porter 36.02 25.84 22.98 20.36 51.71 25.32 24.85 20.99 23.13 22.94 19.92 16.20 21.31 17.97 20.28 36.01 Posey Pulaski Putnam Randolph Ripley Rush St. Joseph Scott Shelby Spencer Starke Steuben Sullivan Switzerland Tippecanoe Tipton 31.53 22.61 26.83 21.05 25.58 19.86 35.79 18.97 26.59 27.33 18.79 28.28 26.73 17.06 45.17 23.65 Union Vanderburgh Vermillion Vigo Wabash Warren Warrick Washington Wayne Wells White Whitley 24.80 32.90 24.55 31.27 24.86 23.51 40.63 18.26 25.75 28.19 26.60 29.73

Bartholomew 38.24

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

44

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

IOWA
319,000 will require postsecondary credentials. Clearly, Iowa’s n Iowa, 39.7 percent of the state’s 1.6 million working-age economic future depends on producing more college graduates. adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Iowa can produce a lot more graduates by helping according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Iowa are its residents who have attended college but not earned a essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults credential. In 2010, more than 360,000 Iowa adults — 23 — 25-34 years old — is 45.7 percent, higher than that of the percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did adult population as a whole. not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 and helping these adults to complete degrees would go a long and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year way to helping Iowa reach the 60 percent college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate goal. is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend To increase higher education attainpercent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingment, states must work systematically to young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at close achievement gaps. To help Iowa In Iowa and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree develop and implement these strategies, this must increase more rapidly to reach the Big document features a detailed breakdown of Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 38.8% the attainment rate in each county. The data current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 40.1% show that, while increasing attainment is a nearly 50 percent of Iowa’s adult population — statewide need, it is a particular challenge about 714,000 people — will hold a college 2010 – 39.7% in rural counties. Assuring that all Iowa degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Iowa will communities have access to high-quality need to add more than 151,000 degrees to higher education is essential. that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Iowa must increase college Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a increasing higher education attainment is so important. growing proportion of the state’s population, including working According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students workforce trends, 62 percent of Iowa’s jobs will require of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, Iowa students will help build Iowa’s economy and ensure a bright will need to fill 527,100 vacancies resulting from job creation, future for the state. worker retirements and other factors. Of these job vacancies,

I

Levels of education for Iowa residents, ages 25-64
2.67% 8.47% 19.28% 29.80% 11.94% 23.02% 4.82%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

41,888 75,436 466,729 360,481 186,915 301,909 132,604 1,565,962

2.67% 4.82% 29.80% 23.02% 11.94% 19.28% 8.47% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

45

Degree-attainment rates among Iowa adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 21.22% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 14.60% 56.88%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

41.09% 24.98%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Iowa
60% 50%
42.4% 45.1% 42.3% 43.6% 44.9% 46.2%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
50.5% 47.8% 55.9% 53.2% 47.5% 48.8% 58.6%

60%
graduates

865,640

40% 30% 20%

39.7% 39.7% 41.0%

graduates

49.5% 714,153

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

46

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Iowa adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adair Adams Allamakee Appanoose Audubon Benton Black Hawk Boone Bremer Buchanan Buena Vista Butler Calhoun Carroll Cass Cedar Cerro Gordo 31.07 27.97 25.78 30.83 32.54 32.17 38.69 34.33 43.71 34.49 33.26 29.66 33.84 34.54 26.37 34.72 41.76 Cherokee Chickasaw Clarke Clay Clayton Clinton Crawford Dallas Davis Decatur Delaware Des Moines Dickinson Dubuque Emmet Fayette Floyd 35.75 28.43 25.01 33.79 26.77 32.21 23.21 55.32 33.18 27.93 30.31 30.86 42.48 37.78 35.80 30.29 30.82 Franklin Fremont Greene Grundy Guthrie Hamilton Hancock Hardin Harrison Henry Howard Humboldt Ida Iowa Jackson Jasper Jefferson 29.85 27.48 35.96 40.56 33.92 34.39 33.25 40.59 29.91 33.07 25.83 32.54 31.19 35.50 25.60 28.62 45.08 Johnson Jones Keokuk Kossuth Lee Linn Louisa Lucas Lyon Madison Mahaska Marion Marshall Mills Mitchell Monona Monroe 62.72 29.03 27.43 35.32 26.04 45.67 24.17 19.64 31.38 32.31 30.15 38.59 32.92 37.83 33.61 26.85 30.96 Montgomery Muscatine O’Brien Osceola Page Palo Alto Plymouth Pocahontas Polk Poweshiek Ringgold Sac Scott Shelby Sioux Story 33.08 33.13 35.62 29.48 28.19 33.60 34.85 32.49 45.81 34.62 41.46 32.70 43.26 32.92 36.35 60.09 Tama Taylor Union Van Buren Wapello Warren Washington Wayne Webster Winnebago Winneshiek Woodbury Worth Wright 31.93 29.71 28.53 24.35 26.59 41.71 31.89 25.66 33.35 34.73 41.78 31.24 34.93 29.04

Pottawattamie 30.40

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

47

48

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

KANSAS
Of these job vacancies, 301,000 will require postsecondary n Kansas, 40.5 percent of the state’s 1.5 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, credentials. Clearly, Kansas’ economic future depends on producing more college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Kansas Kansas can produce a lot more graduates by helping are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 42.2 percent, higher than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, nearly 365,000 Kansas adults — 25 percent the adult population as a whole. of the adult population — had gone to college but did not In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Kansas reach is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Kansas and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Kansas must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 40.5% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 40.0% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 48 percent of Kansas’ adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — about 671,000 people — will hold a 2010 – 40.5% statewide need, it is a particular challenge college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Kansas Kansas will need to add nearly 168,000 communities have access to high-quality higher education is degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Kansas must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 64 percent of Kansas’ jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Kansas will need to fill more than 482,000 vacancies resulting students will help build Kansas’ economy and ensure a bright from job creation, worker retirements and other factors. future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Kansas residents, ages 25-64
3.65% 10.86% 5.86%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

53,353 85,622 365,889 364,855 122,409 310,825 158,693 1,461,646

3.65% 5.86% 25.03% 24.96% 8.37% 21.27% 10.86% 100%

21.27%

25.03%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

8.37% 24.96%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

49

Degree-attainment rates among Kansas adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 29.55% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.63% 56.21%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

43.74% 28.44%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Kansas
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey
40.5% 40.5% 43.1% 41.5% 42.5% 43.5% 44.5%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
50.9% 48.3% 45.7% 45.5% 46.5% 47.5% 56.1% 53.5% 58.7%

60%
graduates

838,604

graduates

48.0% 670,884

50

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Kansas adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Allen Anderson Atchison Barber Barton Bourbon Brown Butler Chase Chautauqua Cherokee Cheyenne Clark Clay Cloud Coffey Comanche Cowley 31.59 27.19 28.12 32.24 32.44 39.29 26.15 38.43 21.92 28.90 25.55 26.26 36.05 36.42 32.18 33.44 23.80 32.83 Crawford Decatur Dickinson Doniphan Douglas Edwards Elk Ellis Ellsworth Finney Ford Franklin Geary Gove Graham Grant Gray Greeley 36.52 30.13 30.10 24.94 57.28 32.74 33.11 46.41 28.91 26.64 25.62 27.62 31.47 33.36 34.14 28.71 31.05 32.61 Greenwood Hamilton Harper Harvey Haskell Hodgeman Jackson Jefferson Jewell Johnson Kearny Kingman Kiowa Labette Lane Leavenworth Lincoln Linn 24.32 26.67 29.15 37.30 23.01 40.68 27.86 31.41 33.63 61.34 26.84 33.68 35.63 30.25 34.67 39.38 34.99 25.88 Logan Lyon McPherson Marion Marshall Meade Miami Mitchell Montgomery Morris Morton Nemaha Neosho Ness Norton Osage Osborne Ottawa 34.29 29.86 35.05 30.48 26.41 32.38 33.39 37.14 30.77 26.37 33.61 29.22 30.25 31.83 28.90 29.03 33.66 29.33 Pawnee Phillips Pratt Rawlins Reno Republic Rice Riley Rooks Rush Russell Saline Scott Sedgwick Seward Shawnee Sheridan 25.09 32.55 35.71 36.52 30.72 34.54 29.27 51.17 33.46 26.38 33.91 33.90 32.11 36.56 21.58 38.01 35.36 Sherman Smith Stafford Stanton Stevens Sumner Thomas Trego Wabaunsee Wallace Washington Wichita Wilson Woodson Wyandotte 33.87 33.83 33.60 21.54 26.00 29.78 41.46 38.06 32.04 35.47 34.16 30.65 22.10 20.50 23.29

Pottawatomie 40.85

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

51

52

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

KENTUCKY
job vacancies, 330,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Kentucky, 30 percent of the state’s 2.3 million workingClearly, Kentucky’s economic future depends on producing age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Kentucky can produce a lot more graduates by helping Kentucky are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 33.3 percent, higher than its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, nearly 499,000 Kentucky adults — more that of the adult population as a whole. than 21 percent of the adult population — had gone to college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year Encouraging and helping these adults to college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Kentucky reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Kentucky and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Kentucky rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 29.2% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 30.5% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 38 percent of Kentucky’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — nearly 863,000 people — 2010 – 30.0% statewide need, it is a particular challenge will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach in rural counties. Assuring that all Kentucky 60 percent, Kentucky will need to add more communities have access to high-quality higher education is than 485,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Kentucky must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 54 percent of Kentucky’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Kentucky will need to fill 617,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Kentucky’s economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Kentucky residents, ages 25-64
4.70% 8.50% 13.74% 7.80% 9.72%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree
34.08%

109,298 225,822 791,985 498,673 181,248 319,335 197,426 2,323,787

4.70% 9.72% 34.08% 21.46% 7.80% 13.74% 8.50% 100%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

21.46%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

53

Degree-attainment rates among Kentucky adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 24.93% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.42% 63.27%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

30.28% 23.49%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Kentucky
60% 50%
42.0%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
58.0% 50.0% 46.0% 54.0%

60%
1,348,301
graduates

40%
34.0%

38.0% 30.0% 30.0% 31.1% 32.3% 35.6% 36.7% 37.8% 38.4% 862,913

30% 20%

33.4%

34.5%

graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

54

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Kentucky adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adair Allen Anderson Ballard Barren Bath Bell Boone Bourbon Boyd Boyle Bracken Breathitt Breckinridge Bullitt Butler Caldwell Calloway Campbell Carlisle 22.24 18.30 26.61 20.20 24.10 22.39 18.52 40.14 25.80 27.04 32.32 20.38 15.83 16.42 22.09 17.87 23.02 37.54 36.97 21.16 Carroll Carter Casey Christian Clark Clay Clinton Crittenden Cumberland Daviess Edmonson Elliott Estill Fayette Fleming Floyd Franklin Fulton Gallatin Garrard 14.51 17.76 16.76 23.38 27.53 10.82 10.22 18.14 15.73 28.38 15.96 12.19 13.75 48.97 26.05 18.31 33.77 13.56 15.39 21.78 Grant Graves Grayson Green Greenup Hancock Hardin Harlan Harrison Hart Henderson Henry Hickman Hopkins Jackson Jefferson Jessamine Johnson Kenton Knott 15.81 24.75 14.80 20.88 26.65 18.91 30.71 20.56 21.49 15.23 28.57 20.41 27.49 23.86 11.51 38.43 35.75 15.43 37.80 19.41 Knox Larue Laurel Lawrence Lee Leslie Letcher Lewis Lincoln Livingston Logan Lyon McCracken McCreary McLean Madison Magoffin Marion Marshall Martin 10.65 21.31 21.89 18.02 9.83 12.13 19.16 19.13 16.85 20.34 16.97 21.26 35.36 14.79 19.04 37.55 16.26 21.12 24.46 14.08 Mason Meade Menifee Mercer Metcalfe Monroe Montgomery Morgan Muhlenberg Nelson Nicholas Ohio Oldham Owen Owsley Pendleton Perry Pike Powell Pulaski 25.63 22.42 15.58 24.71 12.50 19.21 21.99 17.81 19.22 25.16 18.84 17.54 46.74 23.63 11.79 20.11 18.83 18.89 16.35 25.09 Robertson Rockcastle Rowan Russell Scott Shelby Simpson Spencer Taylor Todd Trigg Trimble Union Warren Washington Wayne Webster Whitley Wolfe Woodford 8.68 20.09 33.11 24.61 35.37 30.49 24.08 25.83 21.77 17.81 26.18 21.77 28.58 37.06 21.62 15.18 16.46 17.39 14.82 43.51

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

55

56

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

LOUISIANA
from job creation, worker retirements and other factors. n Louisiana, 28.2 percent of the state’s nearly 2.4 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Of these job vacancies, 316,000 will require postsecondary credentials. Clearly, Louisiana’s economic future depends on degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Louisiana are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of producing more college graduates. Louisiana can produce a lot more graduates by helping young adults — 25-34 years old — is 31.3 percent, higher than its residents who have attended college but not earned a that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, more than 530,000 Louisiana adults — 22 In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year not have either a two- or four-year college college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate degree. Encouraging and helping these adults is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend to complete degrees would go a long way to percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workinghelping Louisiana reach the 60 percent goal. young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainIn Louisiana and nationally, attainment least an associate degree ment, states must work systematically to rates must increase more rapidly to reach close achievement gaps. To help Louisiana the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 27.0% develop and implement these strategies, this 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 28.1% document features a detailed breakdown of continues, nearly 35 percent of Louisiana’s the attainment rate in each parish. The data adult population — about 790,000 people — 2010 – 28.2% show that, while increasing attainment is a will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach statewide need, it is a particular challenge 60 percent, Louisiana will need to add nearly in rural parishes. Assuring that all Louisiana communities have 584,000 more degrees to that total. That’s a tall order, but it is access to high-quality higher education is essential. far from impossible. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Louisiana must increase Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why college success among the fast-growing groups that will account increasing higher education attainment is so important. for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and workforce trends, 51 percent of Louisiana’s jobs will require students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, century students will help build Louisiana’s economy and ensure Louisiana will need to fill more than 634,000 vacancies resulting a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Louisiana residents, ages 25-64
4.63% 6.89% 11.16% 15.53% 5.82% 33.76% 22.23%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

110,395 266,341 805,573 530,370 138,856 370,483 164,300 2,386,318

4.63% 11.16% 33.76% 22.23% 5.82% 15.53% 6.89% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

57

Degree-attainment rates among Louisiana adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 17.56% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 18.19% 22.95% 46.99%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

32.41%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Louisiana
60% 50%
45.2%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
57.9% 49.4% 53.6%

60%
1,373,836
graduates

40%
32.5%

40.9% 36.7% 34.1% 34.5%
graduates

30% 20%

28.2% 28.2% 29.1% 29.9%

30.7%

31.6%

32.4%

33.2%

789,955

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

58

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Louisiana adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by parish
Acadia Allen Ascension Assumption Avoyelles Beauregard Bienville Bossier Caddo Calcasieu Caldwell Cameron Catahoula Claiborne Concordia De Soto East Baton Rouge East Carroll East Feliciana Evangeline Franklin Grant 17.98 15.16 28.52 12.89 15.90 20.40 17.31 31.43 29.24 27.89 16.40 19.20 14.34 13.92 15.68 19.36 38.94 11.89 18.75 17.63 13.72 15.76 Iberia Iberville Jackson Jefferson Jefferson Davis Lafayette Lafourche La Salle Lincoln Livingston Madison Morehouse Natchitoches Orleans Ouachita Plaquemines Pointe Coupee Rapides Red River Richland Sabine St. Bernard 17.93 15.14 17.35 30.84 17.64 34.48 19.81 16.96 38.40 21.71 14.01 15.50 26.66 37.78 29.80 24.18 19.88 26.86 18.70 17.69 14.79 16.07
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

St. Charles St. Helena St. James St. John the Baptist St. Landry St. Martin St. Mary St. Tammany Tangipahoa Tensas Terrebonne Union Vermilion Vernon Washington Webster West Baton Rouge West Carroll West Feliciana Winn

28.90 11.05 19.08 22.38 18.81 15.85 14.59 38.81 25.37 14.61 18.01 20.29 17.58 22.99 17.44 19.30 22.54 12.56 15.76 15.15

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

59

60

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MAINE
vacancies, 115,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Maine, 38.8 percent of the state’s 726,000 working-age Clearly, Maine’s economic future depends on producing more adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Maine Maine can produce a lot more graduates by helping are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 38.4 percent, slightly lower than its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, more than 154,000 Maine adults — 21 that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Maine reach is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Maine and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Maine must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 36.8% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 38.6% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 47 percent of Maine’s adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — nearly 339,000 people — will hold a 2010 – 38.8% statewide need, it is a particular challenge college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Maine Maine will need to add more than 95,000 communities have access to high-quality higher education is degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Maine must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 59 percent of Maine’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Maine will need to fill 196,000 vacancies resulting from job students will help build Maine’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Maine residents, ages 25-64
1.78% 9.47% 18.93% 4.81%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)
33.44%

12,942 34,907 242,823 154,088 75,207 137,446 68,759 726,172

1.78% 4.81% 33.44% 21.22% 10.36% 18.93% 9.47% 100%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

10.36% 21.22%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

61

Degree-attainment rates among Maine adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 28.59% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 26.20% 35.62% 49.23%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

38.45%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Maine
60% 50%
44.4%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
50.1% 47.3% 41.6% 39.8% 40.9% 42.0% 55.8% 52.9% 46.2% 58.6%

60%
graduates

434,607

40% 30% 20%

38.8% 38.8%

43.0%

44.1%

45.2%

graduates

46.8% 338,993

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Maine adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Androscoggin 30.07 Aroostook Cumberland 28.94 51.65 Franklin Hancock Kennebec 35.94 39.46 36.93 Knox Lincoln Oxford 38.18 39.99 28.83 Penobscot Piscataquis Sagadahoc 36.54 27.49 38.77 Somerset Waldo Washington 26.58 31.30 28.67 York 38.71

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

62

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MARYLAND
Of these job vacancies, 569,000 will require postsecondary n Maryland, 44.7 percent of the state’s nearly 3.2 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year credentials. Clearly, Maryland’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Maryland can produce a lot more graduates by helping Maryland are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of its residents who have attended college but not earned a young adults — 25-34 years old — is 44.8 percent, essentially credential. In 2010, more than 651,000 Maryland adults — equal to that of the adult population as a whole. about 21 percent of the adult population — had gone to college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year Encouraging and helping these adults to college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Maryland reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Maryland and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Maryland rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 43.9% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 44.4% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, 52 percent of Maryland’s adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population — about 1.8 million people — will 2010 – 44.7% statewide need, it is a particular challenge hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 in rural counties. Assuring that all Maryland percent, Maryland will need to add nearly communities have access to high-quality higher education is 272,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Maryland must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 66 percent of Maryland’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Maryland will need to fill more than 908,000 vacancies resulting century students will help build Maryland’s economy and ensure from job creation, worker retirements and other factors. a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Maryland residents, ages 25-64
3.80% 16.74% 6.23%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

120,046 197,207 781,354 651,319 216,564 667,313 529,419 3,163,222

3.80% 6.23% 24.70% 20.59% 6.85% 21.10% 16.74% 100%

21.10%

24.07%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

6.85%

20.59%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

63

Degree-attainment rates among Maryland adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 31.38% 40% 50% 60% 70% 23.85% 69.09%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

50.45% 32.84%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Maryland
60% 50%
44.7%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
48.8% 46.6% 50.8% 47.6% 52.9% 54.9% 49.6% 56.9% 50.6% 59.0%

60% graduates
52.0% 1,767,914
graduates

2,039,901

46.7% 45.7%

48.6%

51.6%

40% 30% 20%

44.7%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Maryland adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Allegany Baltimore Calvert 26.72 44.92 38.79 Caroline Carroll Cecil Charles 23.24 42.97 30.40 36.39 Dorchester Frederick Garrett Harford 22.71 46.78 28.75 42.84 Howard Kent Montgomery 67.04 37.13 63.98 Queen Anne’s 38.42 St. Mary’s Somerset Talbot 37.01 20.22 39.51 Washington Wicomico Worcester 29.29 34.07 37.30 Anne Arundel 45.30

Prince George’s 37.33

Baltimore city 32.28

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

64

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MASSACHUSETTS
n Massachusetts, 50.5 percent of the state’s nearly 3.6 million other factors. Of these job vacancies, 707,000 will require working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year postsecondary credentials. Clearly, Massachusetts’ economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Massachusetts can produce a lot more graduates by helping its in Massachusetts are increasing slightly. The higher education residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 53.9 percent, higher than that of the adult population as a whole. In 2010, more than 596,000 Massachusetts adults — about 17 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate degrees would go a long way to helping is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend Massachusetts reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically In Massachusetts and nationally, least an associate degree to close achievement gaps. To help attainment rates must increase more rapidly to Massachusetts develop and implement reach the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 49.6% these strategies, this document features a 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 50.2% detailed breakdown of the attainment rate continues, about 58 percent of Massachusetts’ in each county. The data show that, while adult population — 2 million people — will 2010 – 50.5% increasing attainment is a statewide need, hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 it is a particular challenge in rural counties. percent, Massachusetts will need to add nearly Assuring that all Massachusetts communities have access to 56,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Massachusetts must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 68 percent of Massachusetts’ jobs will working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and require postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st 2018, Massachusetts will need to fill more than 1 million century students will help build Massachusetts’ economy and vacancies resulting from job creation, worker retirements and ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Massachusetts residents, ages 25-64
3.54% 4.96% 17.83% 24.19% 24.55% 16.78%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

125,721 176,102 859,381 596,096 289,963 872,209 633,310 3,552,782

3.54% 4.96% 24.19% 16.78% 8.16% 24.55% 17.83% 100%

8.16%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

65

Degree-attainment rates among Massachusetts adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 36.24% 40% 50% 60% 70% 22.92% 64.02%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

53.79% 34.37%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Massachusetts
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
50.5% 50.5% 51.8% 51.6% 53.1% 52.6% 54.3% 53.7% 55.6% 54.8% 56.8% 58.1% 56.9% 59.4% 57.9% 58.4% 2,035,718
graduates

60%

2,091,491
graduates

55.8%

Percentage of Massachusetts adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Barnstable Berkshire Bristol 51.11 41.15 37.55 Dukes Essex Franklin 43.36 48.52 44.94 Hampden Hampshire Middlesex 35.99 54.67 60.29 Nantucket Norfolk Plymouth 48.03 60.89 45.21 Suffolk Worcester 47.74 45.86

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

66

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MICHIGAN
job vacancies, 836,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Michigan, 36.4 percent of the state’s 5.2 million workingClearly, Michigan’s economic future depends on producing age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Michigan can produce a lot more graduates by helping in Michigan are increasing slightly. The higher education its residents who have attended college but not earned a attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — credential. In 2010, more than 1.3 million Michigan adults is 37 percent, slightly higher than that of the adult population — nearly 26 percent of the adult population — had gone to as a whole. college but did not have either a two- or four-year college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 and degree. Encouraging and helping these adults 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or to complete degrees would go a long way to four-year college degree was 38.3 percent. The Tracking the trend helping Michigan reach the 60 percent goal. rate is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainpercent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Michigan In Michigan and nationally, attainment develop and implement these strategies, this rates must increase more rapidly to reach the 2008 – 35.7% document features a detailed breakdown of Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2009 – 35.8% the attainment rate in each county. The data current rate of degree production continues, show that, while increasing attainment is a about 43 percent of Michigan’s adult 2010 – 36.4% statewide need, it is a particular challenge population — 2.3 million people — will hold in rural counties. Assuring that all Michigan a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Michigan will need to add more than 928,000 degrees to that total. communities have access to high-quality higher education is Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Michigan must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 62 percent of Michigan’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Michigan will need to fill 1.3 million vacancies resulting from century students will help build Michigan’s economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state

I

Levels of education for Michigan residents, ages 25-64
2.32% 9.83% 17.17% 6.63%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)
28.96%

120,921 344,915 1,507,410 1,337,753 488,458 893,350 511,489 5,204,296

2.32% 6.63% 28.96% 25.70% 9.39% 17.17% 9.83% 100%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

9.39% 25.70%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

67

Degree-attainment rates among Michigan adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 21.75% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 23.45% 20.99% 67.38%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

38.40%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Michigan
60% 50%
42.7%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
52.1% 49.0% 45.8% 39.5% 36.4% 36.4% 37.3% 38.1% 39.0% 39.9% 40.7% 41.6% 55.3% 58.4%

60%
3,257,917
graduates

40% 30% 20%

42.5%

42.9% 2,329,410
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Michigan adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Alcona Alger Allegan Alpena Antrim Arenac Baraga Barry Bay Benzie Berrien Branch Calhoun Cass 20.72 25.74 29.09 33.09 30.74 20.35 19.84 27.97 31.86 34.53 34.72 23.19 29.89 25.89 Charlevoix Cheboygan Chippewa Clare Clinton Crawford Delta Dickinson Eaton Emmet Genesee Gladwin Gogebic 33.35 27.73 25.73 20.08 40.55 25.90 33.80 29.44 38.20 40.42 30.23 20.19 33.35 Gratiot Hillsdale Houghton Huron Ingham Ionia Iosco Iron Isabella Jackson Kalamazoo Kalkaska Kent Keweenaw 22.33 22.34 39.92 26.42 46.10 23.82 23.88 26.48 36.36 28.71 44.13 18.20 41.42 30.65 Lake Lapeer Leelanau Lenawee Livingston Luce Mackinac Macomb Manistee Marquette Mason Mecosta Menominee Midland 15.76 28.10 48.77 29.08 43.78 20.21 28.56 34.76 28.63 42.00 30.85 30.54 25.96 45.84 Missaukee Monroe Montcalm Muskegon Newaygo Oakland Oceana Ogemaw Ontonagon Osceola Oscoda Otsego Ottawa 22.45 28.82 23.04 28.60 22.84 53.43 23.17 21.56 30.26 23.27 17.99 27.25 39.87 Presque Isle Roscommon Saginaw St. Clair St. Joseph Sanilac Schoolcraft Shiawassee Tuscola Van Buren Washtenaw Wayne Wexford 24.66 25.35 30.33 27.29 23.94 20.88 24.41 27.57 23.87 28.32 60.37 29.49 25.94

Montmorency 22.84

Grand Traverse 41.47

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

68

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MINNESOTA
n Minnesota, 45.8 percent of the state’s 2.8 million working- job vacancies, 620,000 will require postsecondary credentials. Clearly, Minnesota’s economic future depends on producing age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Minnesota can produce a lot more graduates by helping Minnesota are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 49.9 percent, higher than its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, more than 669,000 Minnesota adults that of the adult population as a whole. — nearly 24 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college but did not have either a two- or four-year college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year degree. Encouraging and helping these adults college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate to complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Minnesota reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Minnesota and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Minnesota rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 45.1% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 45.2% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 55 percent of Minnesota’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — nearly 1.7 million people 2010 – 45.8% statewide need, it is a particular challenge in — will hold a college degree in 2025. To rural counties. Assuring that all Minnesota reach 60 percent, Minnesota will need to add communities have access to high-quality higher education is more than 140,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Minnesota must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 70 percent of Minnesota’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Minnesota will need to fill 902,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Minnesota’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Minnesota residents, ages 25-64
2.06% 4.17% 10.76% 24.43%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

58,519 118,623 694,132 669,136 324,934 670,248 305,810 2,841,402

2.06% 4.17% 24.43% 23.55% 11.44% 23.59% 10.76% 100%

23.59%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

11.44%

23.55%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

69

Degree-attainment rates among Minnesota adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 20.67% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 19.11% 52.94%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

47.51% 30.84%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Minnesota
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
49.6% 48.3% 51.5% 49.6% 53.4% 50.9% 55.3% 52.2% 57.2% 53.5% 59.1% 54.8%

60% 1,834,319 graduates
55.4% 1,693,688
graduates

45.8% 45.8%

47.7% 47.1%

Percentage of Minnesota adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Aitkin Anoka Becker Beltrami Benton Big Stone Blue Earth Brown Carlton Carver Cass Chippewa Chisago Clay Clearwater 27.75 39.73 35.24 41.10 34.66 32.75 43.68 31.27 36.49 56.36 31.20 33.11 30.40 48.15 28.88 Cook Cottonwood Crow Wing Dakota Dodge Douglas Faribault Fillmore Freeborn Goodhue Grant Hennepin Houston Hubbard Isanti 38.25 29.42 37.99 51.70 37.52 41.46 30.55 35.07 28.65 38.88 37.30 55.21 41.79 37.25 27.90 Itasca Jackson Kanabec Kandiyohi Kittson Koochiching Lac qui Parle Lake Le Sueur Lincoln Lyon McLeod Mahnomen Marshall 36.55 37.45 25.28 37.78 35.00 27.88 35.80 33.08 33.36 34.62 40.59 35.75 26.77 33.89 Martin Meeker Mille Lacs Morrison Mower Murray Nicollet Nobles Norman Olmsted Otter Tail Pennington Pine Pipestone Polk 32.35 30.86 27.03 26.57 32.32 29.31 47.53 28.46 32.11 53.61 36.14 33.45 22.42 30.46 35.99 Pope Ramsey Red Lake Redwood Renville Rice Rock Roseau St. Louis Scott Sherburne Sibley Stearns Steele Stevens 36.31 49.45 28.54 29.98 30.83 36.95 34.94 27.94 40.90 50.10 37.88 25.76 38.33 35.86 39.53 Swift Todd Traverse Wabasha Wadena Waseca Washington Watonwan Wilkin Winona Wright 29.56 24.99 37.63 33.42 32.21 30.87 53.19 28.41 41.11 41.50 38.90

Lake of the Woods 27.85

Yellow Medicine 34.60

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

70

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MISSISSIPPI
n Mississippi, 29.9 percent of the state’s 1.5 million working- other factors. Of these job vacancies, 214,000 will require postsecondary credentials. Clearly, Mississippi’s economic age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Mississippi can produce a lot more graduates by helping in Mississippi are stable or increasing slightly. The degreeits residents who have attended college but not earned a attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 31.3 credential. In 2010, more than 361,000 Mississippi adults percent, higher than that of the adult population as a whole. — nearly 24 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college but did not have either a two- or four-year college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year degree. Encouraging and helping these adults college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate to complete degrees would go a long way is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend to helping Mississippi reach the 60 percent percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workinggoal. young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainIn Mississippi and nationally, attainment least an associate degree ment, states must work systematically to rates must increase more rapidly to reach close achievement gaps. To help Mississippi the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 29.3% develop and implement these strategies, this 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 28.9% document features a detailed breakdown of continues, about 37 percent of Mississippi’s the attainment rate in each county. The data adult population — 561,000 people — will 2010 – 29.9% show that, while increasing attainment is a hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 statewide need, it is a particular challenge in percent, Mississippi will need to add more rural counties. Assuring that all Mississippi communities have than 339,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University access to high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Mississippi must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including and workforce trends, 54 percent of Mississippi’s jobs will working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and require postsecondary education by 2018. Between now students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st and 2018, Mississippi will need to fill more than 398,000 century students will help build Mississippi’s economy and vacancies resulting from job creation, worker retirements and ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Mississippi residents, ages 25-64
4.44% 7.12% 13.13% 9.61% 30.26% 23.73% 11.71%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

67,535 178,224 460,480 361,058 146,253 199,736 108,364 1,521,650

4.44% 11.71% 30.26% 23.73% 9.61% 13.13% 7.12% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

71

Degree-attainment rates among Mississippi adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 18.74% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 20.80% 18.40% 47.51%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

35.23%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Mississippi
60% 50%
41.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
50.0% 45.9% 54.0% 58.0%

60%
graduates

900,124

40%
33.9%

37.9% 29.9% 29.9% 30.9% 31.9% 32.9% 35.9% 36.9% 37.4% 561,077

30% 20%

33.9%

34.9%

graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Mississippi adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Alcorn Amite Attala Benton Bolivar Calhoun Carroll Chickasaw Choctaw Claiborne Clarke Clay Coahoma 29.40 26.91 15.25 23.85 17.20 28.28 17.58 26.36 16.64 22.61 26.31 16.44 25.42 27.26 Copiah Covington DeSoto Forrest Franklin George Greene Grenada Hancock Harrison Hinds Holmes Humphreys Issaquena 25.48 24.69 32.58 34.81 19.66 19.02 13.63 28.31 30.48 29.76 36.68 17.01 17.82 6.78 Itawamba Jackson Jasper Jefferson Jones Kemper Lafayette Lamar Lauderdale Lawrence Leake Lee Leflore 23.99 29.09 21.63 22.17 27.28 14.71 48.11 44.38 29.42 22.08 18.26 31.44 21.77 Lincoln Lowndes Madison Marion Marshall Monroe Montgomery Neshoba Newton Noxubee Oktibbeha Panola Pearl River Perry 27.66 29.04 53.47 20.36 15.88 21.28 24.67 22.55 25.47 21.65 47.02 23.61 25.93 24.56 Pike Pontotoc Prentiss Quitman Rankin Scott Sharkey Simpson Smith Stone Sunflower Tallahatchie Tate Tippah 24.96 21.03 25.50 18.90 39.64 18.09 26.68 21.23 23.05 23.57 19.81 18.34 25.32 20.15 Tishomingo Tunica Union Walthall Warren Washington Wayne Webster Wilkinson Winston Yalobusha Yazoo 20.32 28.70 22.73 26.50 34.31 24.66 19.17 22.21 13.94 24.69 20.52 17.40

Jefferson Davis 20.74

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

72

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MISSOURI
Of these job vacancies, 523,000 will require postsecondary n Missouri, 35.8 percent of the state’s 3.1 million workingage adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, credentials. Clearly, Missouri’s economic future depends on according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Missouri producing more college graduates. Missouri can produce a lot more graduates by helping are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 39.5 percent higher than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, more than 739,000 Missouri adults — the adult population as a whole. nearly 24 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college but did not have either a two- or four-year college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year degree. Encouraging and helping these adults college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate to complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Missouri reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Missouri and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Missouri rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 34.9% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 34.9% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 44 percent of Missouri’s adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population — nearly 1.4 million people — 2010 – 35.8% statewide need, it is a particular challenge will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach in rural counties. Assuring that all Missouri 60 percent, Missouri will need to add more communities have access to high-quality higher education is than 482,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Missouri must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 59 percent of Missouri’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Missouri will need to fill more than 898,000 vacancies resulting century students will help build Missouri’s economy and ensure from job creation, worker retirements and other factors. a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Missouri residents, ages 25-64
2.73% 10.14% 17.85% 29.99% 7.83% 23.53% 7.93%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

85,688 249,230 942,239 739,249 245,968 560,896 318,694 3,141,964

2.73% 7.93% 29.99% 23.53% 7.83% 17.85% 10.14% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

73

Degree-attainment rates among Missouri adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 28.93% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 24.33% 23.16% 62.32%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

36.66%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Missouri
60% 50%
42.3%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
51.9% 48.7% 45.5% 39.0% 35.8% 35.8% 37.0% 38.1% 39.3% 40.4% 41.5% 42.7% 43.8% 55.2% 58.4%

60%
1,856,874
graduates

40% 30% 20%

44.4% 1,374,087
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

74

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Missouri adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adair Andrew Atchison Audrain Barry Barton Bates Benton Bollinger Boone Buchanan Butler Caldwell Callaway Camden Carroll Carter Cass Cedar 36.74 28.45 31.60 19.24 18.51 22.97 20.82 20.50 16.94 53.70 26.79 23.44 21.64 29.38 29.64 26.06 22.21 31.85 21.41 Chariton Christian Clark Clay Clinton Cole Cooper Crawford Dade Dallas Daviess DeKalb Dent Douglas Dunklin Franklin Gasconade Gentry Greene Grundy 25.71 37.96 23.78 41.70 27.67 40.15 25.27 18.03 15.52 17.12 24.30 19.55 20.76 15.98 15.44 27.84 25.60 20.94 36.29 24.69 Harrison Henry Hickory Holt Howard Howell Iron Jackson Jasper Jefferson Johnson Knox Laclede Lafayette Lawrence Lewis Lincoln Linn Livingston McDonald 16.82 21.67 15.09 22.56 28.88 21.07 15.93 35.96 26.81 28.44 34.59 21.69 19.71 25.16 20.52 20.62 20.50 22.30 28.65 11.95 Macon Madison Maries Marion Mercer Miller Mississippi Moniteau Monroe Montgomery Morgan New Madrid Newton Nodaway Oregon Osage Ozark Pemiscot Perry Pettis 24.88 19.88 24.20 25.41 26.53 17.82 15.30 24.29 21.65 21.42 20.91 16.93 28.61 32.94 17.05 28.07 16.60 17.00 21.66 28.43 Phelps Pike Platte Polk Pulaski Putnam Ralls Randolph Ray Reynolds Ripley St. Charles St. Clair St. Francois St. Louis Saline Schuyler Scotland Scott 34.04 18.70 47.78 24.55 31.25 27.47 22.99 20.50 22.15 13.38 17.71 45.57 22.91 24.67 50.29 25.78 23.08 29.46 18.47 Shannon Shelby Stoddard Stone Sullivan Taney Texas Vernon Warren Washington Wayne Webster Worth Wright St. Louis city 18.49 23.35 19.77 22.59 18.40 27.15 18.77 22.29 26.64 12.66 18.63 22.16 21.05 19.69 35.98

Ste. Genevieve 23.18

Cape Girardeau 35.45

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

75

76

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

MONTANA
job vacancies, 96,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Montana, 40 percent of the state’s 525,000 working-age Clearly, Montana’s economic future depends on producing more adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Montana college graduates. Montana can produce a lot more graduates by helping are increasing. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — its residents who have attended college but not earned a 25-34 years old — is 39.3 percent, slightly lower than that of credential. In 2010, more than 135,000 Montana adults — the adult population as a whole. nearly 26 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college but did not have either a two- or four-year college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year degree. Encouraging and helping these adults college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate to complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Montana reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Montana and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Montana rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 37.7% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 38.3% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, nearly 50 percent of Montana’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — about 250,000 people — 2010 – 40.0% statewide need, it is a particular challenge will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach in rural counties. Assuring that all Montana 60 percent, Montana will need to add nearly communities have access to high-quality higher education is 52,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Montana must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 62 percent of Montana’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Montana will need to fill 155,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Montana’s economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state

I

Levels of education for Montana residents, ages 25-64
1.44% 9.14% 4.95%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

7,560 26,007 146,726 135,172 46,837 115,122 48,034 525,458

1.44% 4.95% 27.92% 25.72% 8.91% 21.91% 9.14% 100%

21.91%

27.92%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

8.91% 25.72%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

77

Degree-attainment rates among Montana adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 25.19% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 23.73% 52.59%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

41.14% 48.13%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Montana
60% 50%
45.3%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
50.6% 48.0% 42.6% 41.3% 42.6% 43.9% 45.1% 56.0% 53.3% 47.7% 49.0% 58.7%

60%
graduates

301,616

40% 30% 20%

40.0% 40.0%

46.4%

graduates

49.7% 249,838

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Montana adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Beaverhead Big Horn Blaine Broadwater Carbon Carter Cascade Chouteau Custer Daniels 39.02 21.04 29.36 21.56 38.50 26.49 36.38 32.67 33.11 40.44 Dawson Deer Lodge Fallon Fergus Flathead Gallatin Garfield Glacier Granite 39.94 29.44 28.80 36.32 36.51 53.41 24.17 28.93 33.41 Hill Jefferson Judith Basin Lake Liberty Lincoln McCone Madison Meagher 33.11 41.71 36.14 33.24 24.35 27.85 31.16 43.13 24.56 Mineral Missoula Musselshell Park Petroleum Phillips Pondera Powder River Powell Prairie 20.56 47.82 23.80 40.70 21.99 29.82 32.67 27.24 25.91 34.08 Ravalli Richland Roosevelt Rosebud Sanders Sheridan Silver Bow Stillwater Sweet Grass Teton 34.34 28.63 27.30 28.28 23.07 29.08 33.27 31.08 36.48 33.89 Toole Treasure Valley Wheatland Wibaux Yellowstone 29.58 27.87 33.00 21.93 37.22 40.11

Lewis and Clark 46.55

Golden Valley 32.84

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

78

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NEBRASKA
job vacancies, 207,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Nebraska, 42 percent of the state’s 936,000 working-age Clearly, Nebraska’s economic future depends on producing adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, more college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Nebraska can produce a lot more graduates by helping Nebraska are increasing. The higher education attainment rate its residents who have attended college but not earned a of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 44.4 percent, credential. In 2010, more than 236,000 Nebraska adults — 25 higher than that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Nebraska is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Nebraska and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Nebraska rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 40.5% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 41.2% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 51 percent of Nebraska’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — 429,000 people — will 2010 – 42.0% statewide need, it is a particular challenge hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 in rural counties. Assuring that all Nebraska percent, Nebraska will need to add nearly communities have access to high-quality higher education is 75,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Nebraska must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 66 percent of Nebraska’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Nebraska will need to fill 321,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Nebraska’s economy and ensure job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Nebraska residents, ages 25-64
3.15% 9.48% 4.87%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

29,540 45,619 232,026 236,063 98,233 206,227 88,778 936,486

3.15% 4.87% 24.78% 25.21% 10.49% 22.02% 9.48% 100%

22.02%

24.78%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

10.49% 25.21%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

79

Degree-attainment rates among Nebraska adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 24.69% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 12.69% 57.56%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

44.39% 23.50%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Nebraska
60% 50%
42.0% 44.4% 43.2%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
49.2% 46.8% 44.4% 45.7% 46.9% 51.6% 54.0% 48.1% 56.4% 49.3% 58.8%

60%
51.1% 429,149

graduates

503,893

50.5%

graduates

40% 30% 20%

42.0%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Nebraska adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Antelope Arthur Banner Blaine Boone Box Butte Boyd Brown Buffalo Burt Butler Cass Cedar Chase Cherry 37.07 32.84 40.19 47.73 39.73 31.69 31.13 26.06 33.13 44.57 35.86 34.14 37.27 32.28 33.35 38.46 Cheyenne Clay Colfax Cuming Custer Dakota Dawes Dawson Deuel Dixon Dodge Douglas Dundy Fillmore Franklin Frontier 40.90 34.45 21.97 33.94 34.98 21.29 48.03 21.57 33.43 27.51 29.78 45.80 53.09 39.87 33.27 40.55 Furnas Gage Garden Garfield Gosper Grant Greeley Hall Hamilton Harlan Hayes Hitchcock Holt Hooker Howard Jefferson 29.39 33.86 33.79 23.55 30.63 27.98 31.66 27.73 35.21 35.24 38.45 32.38 32.77 46.20 26.19 35.42 Johnson Kearney Keith Keya Paha Kimball Knox Lancaster Lincoln Logan Loup McPherson Madison Merrick Morrill Nance Nemaha 20.87 37.20 33.03 36.31 29.72 33.48 49.52 34.21 26.11 22.48 35.69 38.26 24.84 31.32 24.74 35.25 Nuckolls Otoe Pawnee Perkins Phelps Pierce Platte Polk Red Willow Richardson Rock Saline Sarpy Saunders Scotts Bluff Seward 26.12 38.17 28.57 35.10 38.19 33.61 33.75 32.41 38.56 23.89 38.25 29.57 48.08 39.94 33.52 48.26 Sheridan Sherman Sioux Stanton Thayer Thomas Thurston Valley Washington Wayne Webster Wheeler York 33.31 29.17 39.86 34.59 36.95 36.54 32.00 30.69 42.83 46.38 28.47 39.67 36.80

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

80

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NEVADA
vacancies, 272,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Nevada, 29.5 percent of the state’s nearly 1.5 million Clearly, Nevada’s economic future depends on producing more working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a twocollege graduates. year degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment Nevada can produce a lot more graduates by helping rates in Nevada are decreasing slightly. The higher education its residents who have attended college but not earned a attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 27.5 percent, lower than that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, more than 390,000 Nevada adults — nearly 27 percent of the adult population — had gone to college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year Encouraging and helping these adults to college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Nevada reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Nevada and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Nevada must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 30.1% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 30.4% the attainment rate in each county. The data 35 percent of Nevada’s adult population — show that, while increasing attainment is a about 677,000 people — will hold a college 2010 – 29.5% statewide need, it is a particular challenge degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Nevada in rural counties. Assuring that all Nevada will need to add nearly 477,000 degrees to communities have access to high-quality higher education is that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Nevada must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 54 percent of Nevada’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Nevada will need to fill 511,000 vacancies resulting from job century students will help build Nevada’s economy and ensure a creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Nevada residents, ages 25-64
7.14% 14.93% 7.39% 6.18% 8.62%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree
29.03%

90,342 126,099 424,561 390,623 108,057 218,365 104,350 1,462,397

6.18% 8.62% 29.03% 26.71% 7.39% 14.93% 7.14% 100%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

26.71%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

81

Degree-attainment rates among Nevada adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 20.20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 12.54% 47.37%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

35.20% 25.72%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Nevada
60% 50%
41.7%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
58.0% 49.8% 45.7% 53.9%

60%
1,153,540
graduates

40%
33.5%

37.6% 29.5% 29.5% 30.2% 31.0% 31.8% 34.8% 35.2% 676,743

30% 20%

32.5%

33.3%

34.1%

graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Nevada adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Churchill Clark Douglas 27.68 29.63 36.80 Elko Esmeralda Eureka 25.31 31.21 30.52 Humboldt Lander Lincoln 19.69 18.81 22.43 Lyon Mineral Nye 22.39 17.56 16.30 Pershing Storey Washoe 18.92 24.23 35.35 White Pine Carson City 20.52 29.88

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

82

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NEW HAMPSHIRE
other factors. Of these job vacancies, 141,000 will require n New Hampshire, 45.8 percent of the state’s 728,000 working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year postsecondary credentials. Clearly, New Hampshire’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in New Hampshire can produce a lot more graduates by New Hampshire are essentially stable. The degree-attainment helping its residents who have attended college but not earned a rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 46.2 percent, credential. In 2010, more than 141,000 New Hampshire adults — slightly higher than that of the adult population as a whole. 19 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping New is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend Hampshire reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In New Hampshire and nationally, least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help New attainment rates must increase more rapidly to Hampshire develop and implement these reach the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment 2008 – 46.0% strategies, this document features a detailed by 2025. If the current rate of degree 2009 – 44.6% breakdown of the attainment rate in production continues, about 54 percent of each county. The data show that, while New Hampshire’s adult population — 441,000 2010 – 45.8% increasing attainment is a statewide need, people — will hold a college degree in 2025. it is a particular challenge in rural counties. To reach 60 percent, New Hampshire will Assuring that all New Hampshire communities have access to need to add nearly 51,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, New Hampshire must increasing higher education attainment is so important. increase college success among the fast-growing groups that According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and will account for a growing proportion of the state’s population, workforce trends, 64 percent of New Hampshire’s jobs including working adults, low-income and first-generation will require postsecondary education by 2018. Between students, and students of color. Meeting the educational needs now and 2018, New Hampshire will need to fill 223,000 of these 21st century students will help build New Hampshire’s vacancies resulting from job creation, worker retirements and economy and ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for New Hampshire residents, ages 25-64
1.82% 12.66% 4.70%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

13,287 34,200 205,457 141,355 80,420 161,193 92,194 728,106

1.82% 4.70% 28.22% 19.41% 11.05% 22.14% 12.66% 100%

22.14%

28.22%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

11.05%

19.41%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

83

Degree-attainment rates among New Hampshire adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 31.41% 40% 50% 60% 70% 34.78% 33.49% 63.72%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

45.54%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in New Hampshire
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
49.6% 48.0% 51.5% 49.0% 53.4% 55.3% 51.2% 57.2% 52.2% 59.1% 53.3%

60%

graduates

492,011

45.8% 45.8%

47.7% 46.9%

50.1%

graduates

53.8% 441,170

Percentage of New Hampshire adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Belknap Carroll 39.02 40.80 Cheshire Coos 40.66 28.64 Grafton Hillsborough 44.74 47.33 Merrimack Rockingham 45.23 50.24 Strafford Sullivan 44.33 36.17

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

84

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NEW JERSEY
job vacancies, 794,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n New Jersey, 45.3 percent of the state’s nearly 4.8 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, New Jersey’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates New Jersey can produce a lot more graduates by helping in New Jersey are increasing slightly. The higher education its residents who have attended college but not earned a attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 47.9 percent, higher than that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, nearly 852,000 New Jersey adults — almost 18 percent of the adult population — had gone to college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year Encouraging and helping these adults to college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping New Jersey reach the 60 percent percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workinggoal. young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainIn New Jersey and nationally, attainment least an associate degree ment, states must work systematically to rates must increase more rapidly to reach close achievement gaps. To help New Jersey the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 44.6% develop and implement these strategies, this 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 44.5% document features a detailed breakdown of continues, about 54 percent of New Jersey’s the attainment rate in each county. The data adult population — 2.7 million people — will 2010 – 45.3% show that, while increasing attainment is a hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 statewide need, it is a particular challenge in percent, New Jersey will need to add more rural counties. Assuring that all New Jersey communities have than 283,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University access to high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, New Jersey must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 64 percent of New Jersey’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st New Jersey will need to fill 1.3 million vacancies resulting from century students will help build New Jersey’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for New Jersey residents, ages 25-64
4.14% 14.06% 5.30%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

198,058 253,519 1,311,288 851,810 327,692 1,165,568 671,939 4,779,874

4.14% 5.30% 27.43% 17.82% 6.86% 24.38% 14.06% 100%

24.38%

27.43%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

6.86%

17.82%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

85

Degree-attainment rates among New Jersey adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 25.96% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 21.76% 74.91%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

50.29% 29.60%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in New Jersey
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
49.2% 47.7% 51.2% 48.9% 53.1% 50.1% 55.1% 51.3% 57.1% 52.5% 59.0% 53.7%

60%

2,984,364
graduates

45.3% 45.3%

47.3% 46.5%

54.3% 2,700,849
graduates

Percentage of New Jersey adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Atlantic Bergen Burlington Camden 33.06 55.32 45.33 37.19 Cape May Cumberland Essex Gloucester 36.40 20.61 39.28 38.76 Hudson Hunterdon Mercer Middlesex 42.69 59.25 47.66 49.29 Monmouth Morris Ocean Passaic 50.67 59.16 36.26 33.31 Salem Somerset Sussex Union 29.31 60.75 42.00 39.88 Warren 40.39

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

86

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NEW MEXICO
n New Mexico, 33.1 percent of the state’s nearly 1.1 million job vacancies, 166,000 will require postsecondary credentials. working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, New Mexico’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates New Mexico can produce a lot more graduates by helping in New Mexico are decreasing slightly. The higher education attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is its residents who have attended college but not earned a 27.6 percent, lower than that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, more than 277,000 New Mexico adults — 26 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping New Mexico is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In New Mexico and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help New rates must increase more rapidly to reach Mexico develop and implement these the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 33.4% strategies, this document features a detailed 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 33.9% breakdown of the attainment rate in continues, about 36 percent of New Mexico’s each county. The data show that, while adult population — 347,000 people — will 2010 – 33.1% increasing attainment is a statewide need, hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 it is a particular challenge in rural counties. percent, New Mexico will need to add nearly Assuring that all New Mexico communities have access to high235,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, New Mexico must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 58 percent of New Mexico’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st New Mexico will need to fill 292,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build New Mexico’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for New Mexico residents, ages 25-64
5.84% 10.54% 14.55% 25.90% 9.18%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

62,277 97,828 276,077 277,102 85,180 155,146 112,332 1,065,942

5.84% 9.18% 25.90% 26.00% 7.99% 14.55% 10.54% 100%

7.99% 26.00%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

87

Degree-attainment rates among New Mexico adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 19.40% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 20.66% 59.15%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

47.50% 35.49%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in New Mexico
60% 50%
43.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
58.2% 51.0% 47.4% 40.3% 36.7% 33.1% 33.1% 33.4% 33.8% 34.2% 34.5% 34.9% 35.3% 35.6% 54.6%

60%
graduates

582,223

40% 30% 20% 2010

graduates

35.8% 347,393

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of New Mexico adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Bernalillo Catron Chaves Cibola Colfax Curry 39.79 31.27 24.35 20.17 27.56 28.35 De Baca Doña Ana Eddy Grant Guadalupe Harding 31.35 32.98 25.18 35.81 18.70 26.60 Hidalgo Lea Lincoln Los Alamos Luna McKinley 22.65 21.54 33.40 72.81 16.75 19.63 Mora Otero Quay Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval 25.48 30.12 22.68 25.07 29.16 38.19 San Juan San Miguel Santa Fe Sierra Socorro Taos 25.53 31.01 45.25 23.52 28.65 38.13 Torrance Union Valencia 22.01 22.56 25.05

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

88

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NEW YORK
job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job n New York, 44.1 percent of the state’s nearly 10.5 million vacancies, 1.8 million will require postsecondary credentials. working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a twoClearly, New York’s economic future depends on producing year degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in New York are decreasing slightly. The higher education more college graduates. New York can produce a lot more graduates by helping attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — its residents who have attended college but not earned a is 49.9 percent, higher than that of the adult population as a credential. In 2010, nearly 1.8 million New York adults — 17 whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 and not have either a two- or four-year college 64 — working-age adults — who held a twodegree. Encouraging and helping these adults or four-year college degree was 38.3 percent. Tracking the trend to complete degrees would go a long way to The rate is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was Percentage of the state’s workinghelping New York reach the 60 percent goal. 38.1 percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainFor young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 least an associate degree ment, states must work systematically to percent. close achievement gaps. To help New York In New York and nationally, attainment 2008 – 43.8% develop and implement these strategies, this rates must increase more rapidly to reach 2009 – 44.6% document features a detailed breakdown of the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by the attainment rate in each county. The data 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2010 – 44.1% show that, while increasing attainment is a continues, about 53 percent of New York’s statewide need, it is a particular challenge in adult population — 5.2 million people — will rural counties. Assuring that all New York communities have hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, New York access to high-quality higher education is essential. will need to add nearly 701,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University Finally, to reach the Big Goal, New York must increase Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why college success among the fast-growing groups that will account increasing higher education attainment is so important. for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and working adults, low-income and first-generation students, workforce trends, 63 percent of New York’s jobs will require and students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, 21st century students will help build New York’s economy and New York will need to fill 2.8 million vacancies resulting from ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for New York residents, ages 25-64
5.52% 14.53% 7.35%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree

577,559 768,849 2,703,461 1,795,575 962,749 2,136,548 1,521,059 10,465,800

5.52% 7.35% 25.83% 17.16% 9.20% 20.41% 14.53% 100%

20.41%

25.83%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

9.20% 17.16%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

89

Degree-attainment rates among New York adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 28.65% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 23.26% 54.30%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

51.90% 31.64%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in New York
60% 50%
44.1%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
48.4% 46.5% 50.5% 47.6% 52.6% 54.7% 50.0% 56.8% 51.1% 58.9% 52.3%

60%
52.9%

5,922,857
graduates

46.3% 45.3%

48.8%

5,221,986
graduates

40% 30% 20%

44.1%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of New York adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Albany Allegany Bronx Broome Cattaraugus Cayuga Chautauqua Chemung Chenango Clinton Columbia 52.48 34.47 26.24 41.65 32.04 33.81 36.32 35.19 30.55 33.15 43.11 Cortland Delaware Dutchess Erie Essex Franklin Fulton Genesee Greene Hamilton Herkimer 40.28 32.90 45.57 45.15 37.33 29.87 28.20 36.60 30.49 39.03 35.51 Jefferson Kings Lewis Livingston Madison Monroe Montgomery Nassau New York Niagara Oneida 33.53 38.42 26.47 37.93 40.65 49.51 31.92 53.80 64.83 36.17 36.51 Onondaga Ontario Orange Orleans Oswego Otsego Putnam Queens Rensselaer Richmond Rockland 47.50 47.80 39.73 26.47 27.88 39.02 49.36 40.11 43.18 39.77 51.83 St. Lawrence Saratoga Schenectady Schoharie Schuyler Seneca Steuben Suffolk Sullivan Tioga Tompkins 33.91 50.67 44.20 36.77 31.69 33.05 36.88 44.34 32.58 38.50 60.83 Ulster Warren Washington Wayne Westchester Wyoming Yates 42.05 41.28 28.76 36.83 54.74 29.58 32.69

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

90

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NORTH CAROLINA
other factors. Of these job vacancies, 833,000 will require n North Carolina, 37.6 percent of the state’s nearly 5.1 postsecondary credentials. Clearly, North Carolina’s economic million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment future depends on producing more college graduates. North Carolina can produce a lot more graduates by rates in North Carolina are essentially stable. The degreehelping its residents who have attended college but not earned attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 37.2 percent, slightly lower than that of the adult population as a whole. a credential. In 2010, nearly 1.2 million North Carolina adults — 23 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping North is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend Carolina reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In North Carolina and nationally, least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help North attainment rates must increase more rapidly to Carolina develop and implement these reach the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment 2008 – 36.9% strategies, this document features a detailed by 2025. If the current rate of degree pro2009 – 37.9% breakdown of the attainment rate in duction continues, about 46 percent of North each county. The data show that, while Carolina’s adult population — nearly 2.6 2010 – 37.6% increasing attainment is a statewide need, million people — will hold a college degree it is a particular challenge in rural counties. in 2025. To reach 60 percent, North Carolina Assuring that all North Carolina communities have access to will need to add more than 768,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, North Carolina must increasing higher education attainment is so important. increase college success among the fast-growing groups that According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and will account for a growing proportion of the state’s population, workforce trends, 59 percent of North Carolina’s jobs including working adults, low-income and first-generation will require postsecondary education by 2018. Between students, and students of color. Meeting the educational needs now and 2018, North Carolina will need to fill 1.4 million of these 21st century students will help build North Carolina’s vacancies resulting from job creation, worker retirements and economy and ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for North Carolina residents, ages 25-64
4.29% 8.91% 19.15% 26.47% 9.59% 23.04% 8.55%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

217,964 435,059 1,346,472 1,171,873 487,492 974,014 453,028 5,085,902

4.29% 8.55% 26.47% 23.04% 9.59% 19.15% 8.91% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

91

Degree-attainment rates among North Carolina adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 19.40% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.83% 58.92%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

42.69% 26.31%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in North Carolina
60% 50%
43.6%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
52.5% 49.6% 46.6% 40.6% 37.6% 37.6% 38.8% 39.9% 41.0% 43.3% 44.5% 45.6% 55.5% 58.5%

60%
3,340,720
graduates

46.2% 2,572,354
graduates

40% 30% 20%

42.2%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

92

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of North Carolina adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Alamance Alexander Alleghany Anson Ashe Avery Beaufort Bertie Bladen Brunswick Buncombe Burke Cabarrus Caldwell Camden Carteret Caswell 32.39 21.68 25.10 17.44 25.94 28.02 29.62 17.38 20.27 33.06 42.44 27.07 37.46 23.14 32.05 34.51 20.57 Catawba Chatham Cherokee Chowan Clay Cleveland Columbus Craven Cumberland Currituck Dare Davidson Davie Duplin Durham Edgecombe Forsyth 30.88 42.71 28.80 23.15 29.23 26.76 24.16 32.34 34.25 24.91 39.94 28.05 35.03 20.02 53.13 19.06 41.40 Franklin Gaston Gates Graham Granville Greene Guilford Halifax Harnett Haywood Henderson Hertford Hoke Hyde Iredell Jackson Johnston 27.08 29.51 21.09 22.94 24.88 19.82 41.93 20.95 29.40 35.13 37.20 26.12 27.03 18.88 33.02 36.34 31.52 Jones Lee Lenoir Lincoln McDowell Macon Madison Martin Mecklenburg Mitchell Montgomery Moore Nash Northampton Onslow Orange 20.09 29.51 25.57 28.66 27.21 29.34 29.45 24.50 50.11 24.68 24.71 41.71 29.33 20.44 29.23 62.55 Pamlico Pasquotank Pender Perquimans Person Pitt Polk Randolph Richmond Robeson Rockingham Rowan Rutherford Sampson Scotland Stanly Stokes 29.50 30.03 28.36 24.88 26.17 40.43 33.66 22.38 20.16 19.39 21.88 27.03 26.89 22.53 22.33 27.15 19.35 Surry Swain Transylvania Tyrrell Union Vance Wake Warren Washington Watauga Wayne Wilkes Wilson Yadkin Yancey 26.80 33.50 35.15 16.90 40.15 18.40 58.07 24.67 22.27 46.04 28.02 23.59 27.79 24.54 24.21

New Hanover 48.36

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

93 ??

94

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

NORTH DAKOTA
job vacancies, 80,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n North Dakota, 44.9 percent of the state’s nearly 345,000 working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, North Dakota’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in North Dakota can produce a lot more graduates by helping North Dakota are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate its residents who have attended college but not earned a of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 50.1 percent, higher credential. In 2010, more than 86,000 North Dakota adults — than that of the adult population as a whole. 25 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping North is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend Dakota reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In North Dakota and nationally, least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help North attainment rates must increase more rapidly to Dakota develop and implement these reach the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment 2008 – 45.2% strategies, this document features a detailed by 2025. If the current rate of degree 2009 – 43.7% breakdown of the attainment rate in production continues, about 57 percent of each county. The data show that, while North Dakota’s adult population — nearly 2010 – 44.9% increasing attainment is a statewide need, 163,000 people — will hold a college degree it is a particular challenge in rural counties. in 2025. To reach 60 percent, North Dakota Assuring that all North Dakota communities have access to will need to add more than 10,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, North Dakota must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 70 percent of North Dakota’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st North Dakota will need to fill 120,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build North Dakota’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for North Dakota residents, ages 25-64
1.58% 3.59% 8.34% 24.82%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree

5,447 12,375 85,612 86,444 47,788 78,445 28,760 344,871

1.58% 3.59% 24.82% 25.07% 13.86% 22.75% 8.34% 100%

22.75%

13.86%

Bachelor’s degree
25.07%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

95

Degree-attainment rates among North Dakota adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 32.08% 40% 50% 60% 70% 22.85% 50.84%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

46.49% 31.55%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in North Dakota
60% 50%
44.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
49.0% 48.0% 51.0% 49.6% 53.0% 51.1% 55.0% 52.6% 57.0% 54.2% 59.0% 55.7%

60% graduates
graduates

172,882

56.5% 162,797

47.0% 46.5%

40% 30% 20%

44.9%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of North Dakota adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Barnes Benson Billings Bottineau Bowman Burke Burleigh Cass 31.98 40.69 25.03 35.41 44.58 37.31 38.65 51.03 52.30 Cavalier Dickey Divide Dunn Eddy Emmons Foster Grand Forks 42.84 40.59 42.94 31.95 36.99 33.29 44.22 48.76 Grant Griggs Hettinger Kidder LaMoure Logan McHenry McIntosh McKenzie 35.75 33.15 36.49 30.90 40.48 28.04 26.14 35.18 42.67 McLean Mercer Morton Mountrail Nelson Oliver Pembina Pierce Ramsey 37.70 42.61 38.14 34.19 44.82 37.41 34.43 29.51 39.90 Ransom Renville Richland Rolette Sargent Sheridan Sioux Slope Stark 31.48 37.99 45.41 36.36 32.26 25.48 25.80 43.18 40.47 Steele Stutsman Towner Traill Walsh Ward Wells Williams 37.21 37.72 39.87 48.07 29.84 41.85 40.87 40.66

Golden Valley 41.50

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

96

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

OHIO
vacancies, 967,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Ohio, 35.8 percent of the state’s nearly 6.1 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Ohio’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Ohio can produce a lot more graduates by helping Ohio are increasing slightly. The higher education attainment its residents who have attended college but not earned a rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 38.5 credential. In 2010, more than 1.3 million Ohio adults — percent, higher than that of the adult population as a whole. nearly 22 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college but did not have either a two- or four-year college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year degree. Encouraging and helping these adults college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate to complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Ohio reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Ohio and nationally, attainment rates least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Ohio must increase more rapidly to reach the Big develop and implement these strategies, this Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2008 – 34.9% document features a detailed breakdown of current rate of degree production continues, 2009 – 34.7% the attainment rate in each county. The data about 44 percent of Ohio’s adult population show that, while increasing attainment is a — 2.5 million people — will hold a college 2010 – 35.8% statewide need, it is a particular challenge degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Ohio in rural counties. Assuring that all Ohio will need to add nearly 919,000 degrees to communities have access to high-quality higher education is that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Ohio must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 57 percent of Ohio’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Ohio will need to fill 1.7 million vacancies resulting from job students will help build Ohio’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Ohio residents, ages 25-64
2.13% 9.47% 17.23% 33.20% 9.09% 21.68% 7.19%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

130,077 438,532 2,023,731 1,321,348 553,785 1,050,246 577,352 6,095,071

2.13% 7.19% 33.20% 21.68% 9.09% 17.23% 9.47% 100%

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

97

Degree-attainment rates among Ohio adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 29.58% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 24.13% 22.58% 69.28%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

36.40%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Ohio
60% 50%
42.2%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
51.9% 48.7% 45.5% 39.0% 35.8% 35.8% 36.9% 38.0% 39.1% 40.2% 43.4% 55.2% 58.4%

60%
3,445,205
graduates

40% 30% 20%

41.3%

42.3%

44.0% 2,526,484
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Ohio adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Allen Ashland Ashtabula Athens Auglaize Belmont Brown Butler Carroll Champaign Clark Clermont Clinton Columbiana 17.91 27.80 27.71 21.36 38.34 27.95 27.33 18.96 35.75 20.32 22.92 27.39 35.11 23.93 24.13 Coshocton Crawford Cuyahoga Darke Defiance Delaware Erie Fairfield Fayette Franklin Fulton Gallia Geauga Greene Guernsey 20.83 21.89 38.97 22.13 26.89 60.74 31.68 36.27 20.60 44.22 25.98 25.06 45.63 47.74 22.13 Hamilton Hancock Hardin Harrison Henry Highland Hocking Holmes Huron Jackson Jefferson Knox Lake Lawrence Licking 43.16 36.72 23.48 19.92 24.11 18.16 20.61 14.95 21.86 21.31 27.42 26.67 36.46 22.58 32.23 Logan Lorain Lucas Madison Mahoning Marion Medina Meigs Mercer Miami Monroe Montgomery Morgan Morrow Muskingum 22.36 32.25 33.96 25.61 30.46 20.81 41.31 23.09 28.33 30.93 20.76 35.82 18.72 22.42 24.23 Noble Ottawa Paulding Perry Pickaway Pike Portage Preble Putnam Richland Ross Sandusky Scioto Seneca Shelby 17.21 32.30 21.72 17.45 21.15 20.38 33.75 20.68 34.75 25.75 21.77 26.74 22.21 27.26 24.26 Stark Summit Trumbull Tuscarawas Union Van Wert Vinton Warren Washington Wayne Williams Wood Wyandot 30.98 40.77 25.81 23.40 37.45 24.94 16.65 47.09 26.60 27.45 24.13 42.81 25.44

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

98

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

OKLAHOMA
n Oklahoma, 31.7 percent of the state’s 1.9 million working- job vacancies, 308,000 will require postsecondary credentials. Clearly, Oklahoma’s economic future depends on producing age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Oklahoma can produce a lot more graduates by helping Oklahoma are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate its residents who have attended college but not earned a of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 30.4 percent, slightly credential. In 2010, more than 491,000 Oklahoma adults — 25 lower than that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Oklahoma is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Oklahoma and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Oklahoma rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 31.3% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 31.7% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 37 percent of Oklahoma’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — nearly 667,000 people — 2010 – 31.7% statewide need, it is a particular challenge in will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach rural counties. Assuring that all Oklahoma 60 percent, Oklahoma will need to add more communities have access to high-quality higher education is than 414,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Oklahoma must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 57 percent of Oklahoma’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Oklahoma will need to fill 541,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Oklahoma’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Oklahoma residents, ages 25-64
3.53% 7.45% 16.64% 31.13% 8.28%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree

68,471 160,488 603,789 491,323 148,073 322,744 144,536 1,939,424

3.53% 8.28% 31.13% 25.33% 7.63% 16.64% 7.45% 100%

7.63%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

25.33%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

99

Degree-attainment rates among Oklahoma adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 24.50% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 14.57% 50.86%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

34.31% 26.14%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Oklahoma
60% 50%
43.0%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
50.6% 46.8% 39.3% 35.5% 31.7% 36.6% 54.3% 58.1%

60%
1,081,083
graduates

40% 30% 20% 2010 2012

31.7%

32.4%

33.1%

33.8%

34.5%

35.2%

35.9%

graduates

37.0% 666,668

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Oklahoma adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adair Alfalfa Atoka Beaver Beckham Blaine Bryan Caddo Canadian Carter Cherokee Choctaw Cimarron 15.13 22.94 17.97 27.02 25.38 25.73 29.80 19.89 35.01 23.59 29.35 18.57 29.29 Cleveland Coal Comanche Cotton Craig Creek Custer Delaware Dewey Ellis Garfield Garvin Grady 40.87 15.66 27.64 29.10 21.89 23.35 31.20 20.76 26.40 30.03 30.41 21.16 25.42 Grant Greer Harmon Harper Haskell Hughes Jackson Jefferson Johnston Kay Kingfisher Kiowa Latimer 31.21 18.26 19.46 25.01 24.47 17.99 33.01 15.81 30.49 29.97 26.82 22.63 28.96 Le Flore Lincoln Logan Love McClain McCurtain McIntosh Major Marshall Mayes Murray Muskogee Noble 21.17 21.32 30.09 20.87 26.65 19.38 18.73 20.93 22.00 19.89 23.67 27.20 26.63 Nowata Okfuskee Oklahoma Okmulgee Osage Ottawa Pawnee Payne Pittsburg Pontotoc Pushmataha Roger Mills 21.35 21.29 35.70 25.81 28.75 25.20 24.38 42.19 26.08 32.51 20.49 26.63 Rogers Seminole Sequoyah Stephens Texas Tillman Tulsa Wagoner Washington Washita Woods Woodward 33.33 22.21 21.77 22.43 25.53 23.13 38.99 30.74 34.41 21.25 35.68 22.84

Pottawatomie 25.22

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

100

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

OREGON
vacancies, 377,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Oregon, 38.6 percent of the state’s nearly 2.1 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Oregon’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Oregon can produce a lot more graduates by helping Oregon are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of its residents who have attended college but not earned a young adults — 25-34 years old — is 37.7 percent, lower than credential. In 2010, more than 579,000 Oregon adults — nearly that of the adult population as a whole. 28 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year college not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and helping these adults to complete degrees degree was 38.3 percent. The rate is rising would go a long way to helping Oregon slowly but steadily. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Oregon and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Oregon rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 38.6% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 39.8% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, nearly 45 percent of Oregon’s adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population —1 million people — will hold a 2010 – 38.6% statewide need, it is a particular challenge college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, in rural counties. Assuring that all Oregon Oregon will need to add more than 354,000 communities have access to high-quality higher education is degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Oregon must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 64 percent of Oregon’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Oregon will need to fill 591,000 vacancies resulting from job century students will help build Oregon’s economy and ensure a creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Oregon residents, ages 25-64
3.88% 10.41% 6.67%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

80,721 138,795 479,137 579,411 179,108 406,272 216,549 2,079,993

3.88% 6.67% 23.04% 27.86% 8.61% 19.53% 10.41% 100%

19.53%

23.04%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

8.61% 27.86%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

101

Degree-attainment rates among Oregon adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 20.78% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 15.61% 53.46%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

41.48% 35.90%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Oregon
60% 50%
44.3%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
52.9% 50.0% 47.1% 41.4% 39.4% 40.2% 41.0% 41.8% 42.6% 44.2% 55.7% 58.6%

60%
1,380,325
graduates

40% 30% 20%

38.6% 38.6%

43.4%

44.6% 1,026,041
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Oregon adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Baker Benton Clackamas Clatsop Columbia Coos 32.42 58.22 41.47 31.01 29.06 27.44 Crook Curry Deschutes Douglas Gilliam Grant 24.42 24.20 40.94 26.06 33.76 32.08 Harney Hood River Jackson Jefferson Josephine Klamath 24.74 35.19 32.69 23.65 29.03 29.69 Lake Lane Lincoln Linn Malheur Marion 25.73 38.65 30.47 27.00 22.00 31.10 Morrow Multnomah Polk Sherman Tillamook Umatilla 21.13 46.76 38.95 33.12 26.29 25.46 Union Wallowa Wasco Washington Wheeler Yamhill 33.25 33.00 32.53 49.19 28.81 31.87

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

102

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

PENNSYLVANIA
n Pennsylvania, 38.6 percent of the state’s nearly 6.7 million these job vacancies, 1 million will require postsecondary working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year credentials. Clearly, Pennsylvania’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Pennsylvania can produce a lot more graduates by helping Pennsylvania are increasing slightly. The degree-attainment rate its residents who have attended college but not earned a of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 43.7 percent, higher credential. In 2010, nearly 1.2 million Pennsylvania adults — than that of the adult population as a whole. more than 17 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 college but did not have either a two- or four-year college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year degree. Encouraging and helping these adults college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate to complete degrees would go a long way to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Pennsylvania reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically In Pennsylvania and nationally, attainment least an associate degree to close achievement gaps. To help rates must increase more rapidly to reach Pennsylvania develop and implement the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 37.9% these strategies, this document features a 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 37.8% detailed breakdown of the attainment rate continues, nearly 48 percent of Pennsylvania’s in each county. The data show that, while adult population — 3 million people — will 2010 – 38.6% increasing attainment is a statewide need, hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 it is a particular challenge in rural counties. percent, Pennsylvania will need to add nearly Assuring that all Pennsylvania communities have access to high790,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Pennsylvania must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 57 percent of Pennsylvania’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Pennsylvania will need to fill 1.8 million vacancies resulting century students will help build Pennsylvania’s economy and from job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Pennsylvania residents, ages 25-64
2.42% 11.19% 6.17%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

162,196 412,477 2,359,940 1,174,146 570,475 1,261,796 748,294 6,689,324

2.42% 6.17% 35.28% 17.55% 8.53% 18.86% 11.19% 100%

18.86%

Some college, no degree
35.28%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

8.53% 17.55%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

103

Degree-attainment rates among Pennsylvania adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 30.12% 40% 50% 60% 70% 22.83% 19.59% 60.69%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

40.11%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Pennsylvania
60% 50%
44.3%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
52.9% 50.0% 47.1% 41.4% 39.8% 40.9% 42.1% 44.5% 45.7% 46.9% 55.7% 58.6%

60%
3,790,126
graduates

47.5% 3,000,516
graduates

40% 30% 20%

38.6% 38.6%

43.3%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Pennsylvania adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Allegheny Armstrong Beaver Bedford Berks Blair Bradford Bucks Butler Cambria Cameron 27.98 49.18 25.72 34.54 23.03 31.90 29.81 26.43 46.14 43.82 31.38 26.55 Carbon Centre Chester Clarion Clearfield Clinton Columbia Crawford Cumberland Dauphin Delaware Elk 27.27 50.19 57.69 28.01 24.02 28.76 28.38 26.89 43.82 38.53 46.37 29.73 Erie Fayette Forest Franklin Fulton Greene Huntingdon Indiana Jefferson Juniata Lackawanna Lancaster 33.87 24.71 16.21 28.16 18.19 24.55 22.88 30.36 23.19 20.71 37.71 31.70 Lawrence Lebanon Lehigh Luzerne Lycoming McKean Mercer Mifflin Monroe Montgomery Montour Northampton 31.40 27.46 39.74 33.07 32.60 26.11 29.93 19.93 34.97 55.36 37.07 39.13 Northumberland 23.47 Perry Philadelphia Pike Potter Schuylkill Snyder Somerset Sullivan Tioga Union 22.79 30.56 32.64 24.14 25.56 26.91 24.75 23.23 29.67 29.49 Venango Warren Washington Wayne Wyoming York 26.62 28.72 39.47 28.26 27.46 32.46

Westmoreland 39.57

Susquehanna 26.49

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

104

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

RHODE ISLAND
job vacancies, 93,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Rhode Island, 41.2 percent of the state’s nearly 558,000 working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Rhode Island’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Rhode Island can produce a lot more graduates by helping Rhode Island are decreasing slightly. The degree-attainment its residents who have attended college but not earned a rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 43.6 percent, credential. In 2010, nearly 111,000 Rhode Island adults — almost higher than that of the adult population as a whole. 20 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Rhode Island is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In Rhode Island and nationally, attainment least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help Rhode rates must increase more rapidly to reach Island develop and implement these the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 41.4% strategies, this document features a detailed 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 42.6% breakdown of the attainment rate in continues, about 47 percent of Rhode Island’s each county. The data show that, while adult population — nearly 272,000 people — 2010 – 41.2% increasing attainment is a statewide need, will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach it is a particular challenge in rural counties. 60 percent, Rhode Island will need to add Assuring that all Rhode Island communities have access to highmore than 74,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Rhode Island must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 61 percent of Rhode Island’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Rhode Island will need to fill 153,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Rhode Island’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Rhode Island residents, ages 25-64
5.59% 12.64% 7.57%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

31,158 42,216 143,891 110,614 46,994 112,395 70,528 557,796

5.59% 7.57% 25.80% 19.83% 8.42% 20.15% 12.64% 100%

20.15%

Some college, no degree
25.80%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

8.42% 19.38%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

105

Degree-attainment rates among Rhode Island adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 18.00% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.63% 47.90%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

45.89% 27.81%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Rhode Island
60% 50%
41.2% 43.7% 42.0%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
48.7% 46.2% 43.6% 44.3% 45.1% 45.9% 46.7% 51.2% 56.2% 53.7% 58.7%

60%
graduates

346,201

40% 30% 20%

41.2%

42.8%

graduates

47.1% 271,767

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Rhode Island adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Bristol 53.81 Kent 43.15 Newport 54.60 Providence 36.46 Washington 52.87
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

106

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

SOUTH CAROLIINA
factors. Of these job vacancies, 349,000 will require n South Carolina, 34.8 percent of the state’s 2.4 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year postsecondary credentials. Clearly, South Carolina’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in South Carolina can produce a lot more graduates by South Carolina are essentially stable. The degree-attainment helping its residents who have attended college but not earned a rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 35.4 percent, credential. In 2010, nearly 531,000 South Carolina adults — almost slightly higher than that of the adult population as a whole. 22 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping South Carolina is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainyoung adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at ment, states must work systematically to In South Carolina and nationally, least an associate degree close achievement gaps. To help South attainment rates must increase more rapidly to Carolina develop and implement these reach the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment 2008 – 34.4% strategies, this document features a detailed by 2025. If the current rate of degree 2009 – 34.9% breakdown of the attainment rate in production continues, about 43 percent of each county. The data show that, while South Carolina’s adult population — 1 million 2010 – 34.8% increasing attainment is a statewide need, people — will hold a college degree in 2025. it is a particular challenge in rural counties. To reach 60 percent, South Carolina will need Assuring that all South Carolina communities have access to to add more than 404,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, South Carolina must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 56 percent of South Carolina’s jobs will working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and require postsecondary education by 2018. Between now students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st and 2018, South Carolina will need to fill 630,000 vacancies century students will help build South Carolina’s economy and resulting from job creation, worker retirements and other ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for South Carolina residents, ages 25-64
3.67% 8.82% 16.70% 30.17% 9.59%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

89,495 233,919 735,950 530,911 226,646 407,459 215,047 2,439,427

3.67% 9.59% 30.17% 21.76% 9.29% 16.70% 8.82% 100%

9.29% 21.76%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

107

Degree-attainment rates among South Carolina adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 23.58% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.23% 58.54%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

40.68% 22.61%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in South Carolina
60% 50%
44.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
58.3% 51.6% 48.2% 41.5% 38.2% 34.8% 35.9% 37.1% 38.2% 39.3% 40.5% 41.6% 42.7% 55.0%

60%
1,453,454
graduates

40% 30% 20% 2010
34.8%

43.3% 1,048,909
graduates

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of South Carolina adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Abbeville Aiken Allendale Anderson Bamberg Barnwell Beaufort Berkeley 27.58 32.42 19.06 29.72 35.13 21.55 42.36 29.13 Calhoun Charleston Cherokee Chester Chesterfield Clarendon Colleton Darlington 30.63 47.56 19.30 21.31 20.39 20.44 20.07 24.50 Dillon Dorchester Edgefield Fairfield Florence Georgetown Greenville Greenwood 17.07 36.66 23.95 25.41 31.28 31.09 40.86 33.51 Hampton Horry Jasper Kershaw Lancaster Laurens Lee Lexington 18.58 33.18 14.30 29.16 26.51 23.59 14.20 38.57 McCormick Marion Marlboro Newberry Oconee Orangeburg Pickens Richland 26.58 22.21 13.07 29.33 32.04 25.08 34.64 46.72 Saluda Spartanburg Sumter Union York 21.96 32.00 28.91 23.53 38.70

Williamsburg 18.24

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

108

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

SOUTH DAKOTA
n South Dakota, 40.8 percent of the state’s 414,000 working- job vacancies, 85,000 will require postsecondary credentials. age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, South Dakota’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in South South Dakota can produce a lot more graduates by helping Dakota are increasing. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 42.5 percent, higher than that of its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, nearly 93,000 South Dakota adults — 22 the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping South is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend Dakota reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attaiment, young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at states must work systematically to close In South Dakota and nationally, least an associate degree achievement gaps. To help South Dakota attainment rates must increase more rapidly to develop and implement these strategies, this reach the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment 2008 – 39.4% document features a detailed breakdown of by 2025. If the current rate of degree 2009 – 38.6% the attainment rate in each county. The data production continues, about 52 percent of show that, while increasing attainment is a South Dakota’s adult population — 193,000 2010 – 40.8% statewide need, it is a particular challenge in people — will hold a college degree in 2025. rural counties. Assuring that all South Dakota To reach 60 percent, South Dakota will need communities have access to high-quality higher education is to add nearly 29,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, South Dakota must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 62 percent of South Dakota’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st South Dakota will need to fill 141,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build South Dakota’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for South Dakota residents, ages 25-64
2.55% 5.04%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

10,577 20,906 121,041 92,985 49,419 87,053 32,491 414,472

2.55% 5.04% 29.20% 22.43% 11.92% 21.00% 7.84% 100%

7.84%

21.00%

29.20%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

11.92% 22.43%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

109

Degree-attainment rates among South Dakota adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 19.82% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 22.98% 25.90% 49.38%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

41.69%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in South Dakota
60% 50%
45.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
53.6% 51.0% 48.5% 43.3% 42.3% 43.8% 45.3% 46.9% 48.4% 56.2% 49.9% 51.4% 58.7%

60% graduates
52.2% 193,433

222,337

graduates

40% 30% 20%

40.8% 40.8%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of South Dakota adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Aurora Beadle Bennett Bon Homme Brookings Brown Brule Buffalo Butte Campbell Charles Mix 27.37 31.47 31.33 27.42 50.92 40.88 41.05 17.36 30.29 40.53 30.60 Clark Clay Codington Corson Custer Davison Day Deuel Dewey Douglas Edmunds 25.92 52.85 36.18 25.85 40.64 39.87 31.68 28.07 21.83 35.24 33.19 Fall River Faulk Grant Gregory Haakon Hamlin Hand Hanson Harding Hughes Hutchinson 33.38 33.45 27.26 30.69 35.63 32.00 32.44 36.00 41.17 46.31 37.35 Hyde Jackson Jerauld Jones Kingsbury Lake Lawrence Lincoln Lyman McCook McPherson 30.88 31.75 19.30 30.52 36.62 36.09 42.04 52.25 27.95 37.55 23.26 Marshall Meade Mellette Miner Minnehaha Moody Pennington Perkins Potter Roberts Sanborn 35.46 32.92 29.50 33.20 42.54 34.28 40.85 33.00 36.20 31.98 29.00 Shannon Spink Stanley Sully Todd Tripp Turner Union Walworth Yankton Ziebach 26.15 27.24 39.79 33.93 30.00 31.12 37.15 43.77 34.39 34.68 21.44

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

110

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

TENNESSEE
job vacancies, 516,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Tennessee, 31.9 percent of the state’s nearly 3.4 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Tennessee’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Tennessee can produce a lot more graduates by helping Tennessee are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 33.5 percent, higher than its residents who have attended college but not earned a credential. In 2010, more than 732,000 Tennessee adults — that of the adult population as a whole. nearly 22 percent of the adult population — had gone to In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year college college but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and helping these adults degree was 38.3 percent. The rate is rising to complete degrees would go a long way to slowly but steadily. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend helping Tennessee reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainment, young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at states must work systematically to close In Tennessee and nationally, attainment least an associate degree achievement gaps. To help Tennessee rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 31.3% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 31.8% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, 39 percent of Tennessee’s adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population — about 1.4 million people — will 2010 – 31.9% statewide need, it is a particular challenge in hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 rural counties. Assuring that all Tennessee percent, Tennessee will need to add more than communities have access to high-quality higher education is 714,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Tennessee must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 54 percent of Tennessee’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Tennessee will need to fill 967,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Tennessee’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Tennessee residents, ages 25-64
3.93% 8.79% 16.05% 7.01% 21.65% 9.18%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree
33.38%

132,894 310,487 1,129,152 732,421 237,050 543,038 297,427 3,382,469

3.93% 9.18% 33.38% 21.65% 7.01% 16.05% 8.79% 100%

Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

111

Degree-attainment rates among Tennessee adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 23.29% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 15.32% 55.73%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

33.44% 23.30%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Tennessee
60% 50%
43.1%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
58.1% 50.6% 46.9% 39.4% 35.6% 31.9% 32.9% 33.9% 34.9% 35.8% 36.8% 37.8% 38.8% 54.4%

60%
2,070,490
graduates

40% 30% 20% 2010

39.3% 1,356,171
graduates

31.9%

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Tennessee adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Anderson Bedford Benton Bledsoe Blount Bradley Campbell Cannon Carroll Carter Cheatham Chester Claiborne Clay Cocke Coffee 30.87 19.99 18.84 12.10 28.93 28.00 13.84 15.84 20.67 21.81 26.73 19.83 17.71 18.84 14.50 26.97 Crockett Cumberland Davidson Decatur DeKalb Dickson Dyer Fayette Fentress Franklin Gibson Giles Grainger Greene Grundy Hamblen 18.51 21.93 42.51 15.73 15.05 21.38 22.06 27.84 17.60 23.93 22.38 19.06 13.58 19.72 10.89 23.23 Hamilton Hancock Hardeman Hardin Hawkins Haywood Henderson Henry Hickman Houston Humphreys Jackson Jefferson Johnson Knox Lake 36.95 8.51 14.90 13.88 20.11 17.65 19.90 20.70 15.54 12.84 19.34 15.54 23.36 17.76 44.98 7.45 Lauderdale Lawrence Lewis Lincoln Loudon McMinn McNairy Macon Madison Marion Marshall Maury Meigs Monroe Montgomery Moore 13.52 18.34 17.60 23.79 28.65 22.30 18.60 14.65 33.06 20.25 19.40 25.92 13.84 16.16 32.27 14.34 Morgan Obion Overton Perry Pickett Polk Putnam Rhea Roane Robertson Rutherford Scott Sequatchie Sevier Shelby Smith 12.20 17.65 16.11 13.30 17.88 18.13 28.65 16.49 25.60 21.62 34.96 17.82 19.56 22.03 35.72 19.09 Stewart Sullivan Sumner Tipton Trousdale Unicoi Union Van Buren Warren Washington Wayne Weakley White Williamson Wilson 20.53 30.85 33.36 22.86 15.50 19.04 12.51 12.44 17.57 36.60 16.35 25.82 16.28 61.78 34.97

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

112

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

TEXAS
vacancies, 2.2 million will require postsecondary credentials. In Texas, 33.7 percent of the state’s nearly 13.2 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Texas’ economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Texas can produce a lot more graduates by helping in Texas are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of its residents who have attended college but not earned a young adults — 25-34 years old — is 32.8 percent, slightly credential. In 2010, nearly 3.1 million Texas adults — more lower than that of the adult population as a whole. than 23 percent of the adult population — had gone to college In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year Encouraging and helping these adults to college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate is complete degrees would go a long way to rising slowly but steadily. In 2009, the rate was Tracking the trend helping Texas reach the 60 percent goal. 38.1 percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainment, For young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 age population (25-64) with at states must work systematically to close percent. least an associate degree achievement gaps. To help Texas develop In Texas and nationally, attainment rates and implement these strategies, this must increase more rapidly to reach the Big 2008 – 33.3% document features a detailed breakdown of Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2009 – 33.2% the attainment rate in each county. The data current rate of degree production continues, show that, while increasing attainment is a about 38 percent of Texas’ adult population 2010 – 33.7% statewide need, it is a particular challenge — 5.7 million people — will hold a college in rural counties. Assuring that all Texas degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Texas communities have access to high-quality higher education is will need to add more than 3.2 million degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Texas must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 56 percent of Texas’ jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Texas will need to fill 4 million vacancies resulting from job students will help build Texas’ economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Texas residents, ages 25-64
8.35% 8.60% 9.47% 18.25% 25.07%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

1,098,575 1,245,067 3,297,825 3,084,925 895,017 2,401,095 1,130,675 13,153,179

8.35% 9.47% 25.07% 23.45% 6.80% 18.25% 8.60% 100%

6.80% 23.45%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

113

Degree-attainment rates among Texas adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 30% 32.08% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.86% 61.32%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

43.91% 28.06%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Texas
60% 50%
44.2%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
51.2% 47.7% 40.7% 37.2% 33.7% 33.7% 34.3% 34.9% 35.6% 36.2% 36.8% 37.5% 38.1% 54.7% 58.2%

60%
8,910,092
graduates

40% 30% 20% 2010

38.4% 5,702,459
graduates

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

114

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Texas adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Anderson Andrews Angelina Aransas Archer Armstrong Atascosa Austin Bailey Bandera Bastrop Baylor Bee Bell Bexar Blanco Borden Bosque Bowie Brazoria Brazos Brewster Briscoe Brooks Brown Burleson Burnet Caldwell Calhoun Callahan Cameron Camp Carson Cass Castro Chambers Cherokee Childress Clay Cochran Coke Coleman Collin 18.30 16.73 24.17 31.66 25.61 40.83 18.05 25.50 30.00 33.04 25.68 35.87 15.86 32.24 33.80 32.02 30.92 22.09 25.18 35.74 45.72 35.80 26.31 18.32 20.25 15.05 26.31 18.92 22.37 27.85 22.18 18.21 33.41 20.16 19.32 26.01 18.49 21.94 27.92 17.54 23.90 19.43 58.02 Collingsworth Colorado Comal Comanche Concho Cooke Coryell Cottle Crane Crockett Crosby Culberson Dallam Dallas Dawson Deaf Smith Delta Denton DeWitt Dickens Dimmit Donley Duval Eastland Ector Edwards Ellis El Paso Erath Falls Fannin Fayette Fisher Floyd Foard Fort Bend Franklin Freestone Frio Gaines Galveston Garza Gillespie 24.25 24.54 41.21 27.54 13.86 28.29 26.58 26.98 21.18 14.74 17.74 14.68 13.51 34.33 11.98 16.32 19.15 48.45 20.12 17.06 17.16 25.82 15.26 22.14 20.16 27.81 29.64 27.84 30.89 16.92 21.79 26.78 22.83 24.75 24.69 48.83 26.33 24.94 10.69 18.24 36.58 11.22 33.42 Glasscock Goliad Gonzales Gray Grayson Gregg Grimes Guadalupe Hale Hall Hamilton Hansford Hardeman Hardin Harris Harrison Hartley Haskell Hays Hemphill Henderson Hidalgo Hill Hockley Hood Hopkins Houston Howard Hudspeth Hunt Hutchinson Irion Jack Jackson Jasper Jeff Davis Jefferson Jim Hogg Jim Wells Johnson Jones Karnes Kaufman 28.91 28.91 16.51 20.03 29.04 29.73 18.04 33.63 20.18 23.83 30.90 28.42 22.16 24.98 33.92 24.37 22.96 17.81 42.68 22.77 22.96 20.94 24.14 27.13 30.75 23.19 18.80 16.91 14.60 22.87 21.61 24.72 15.31 25.98 21.78 38.07 25.57 12.07 17.68 23.33 14.51 15.66 25.20 Kendall Kenedy Kent Kerr Kimble King Kinney Kleberg Knox Lamar Lamb Lampasas La Salle Lavaca Lee Leon Liberty Limestone Lipscomb Live Oak Llano Loving Lubbock Lynn McCulloch McLennan McMullen Madison Marion Martin Mason Matagorda Maverick Medina Menard Midland Milam Mills Mitchell Montague Montgomery Moore Morris 46.61 35.07 28.92 33.83 24.14 45.03 21.78 28.54 21.76 27.74 22.99 30.23 13.45 21.54 23.40 15.92 15.29 17.78 31.65 22.53 30.86 17.95 35.11 21.06 28.42 30.80 11.63 15.54 18.01 21.38 33.20 22.69 20.59 27.63 11.93 31.67 19.98 26.35 15.56 23.14 38.62 20.29 30.07 Motley Nacogdoches Navarro Newton Nolan Nueces Ochiltree Oldham Orange Palo Pinto Panola Parker Parmer Pecos Polk Potter Presidio Rains Randall Reagan Real Red River Reeves Refugio Roberts Robertson Rockwall Runnels Rusk Sabine San Augustine San Jacinto San Patricio San Saba Schleicher Scurry Shackelford Shelby Sherman Smith Somervell Starr Stephens 26.63 30.18 23.44 14.48 27.68 27.70 19.84 34.69 22.44 17.59 20.68 31.48 21.79 14.76 15.20 21.03 22.54 17.65 40.66 15.40 24.22 15.24 13.60 17.12 35.82 23.44 43.80 21.50 21.65 18.92 14.72 14.36 22.91 25.19 24.07 23.34 33.92 19.37 24.71 34.98 38.44 14.33 17.73 Sterling Stonewall Sutton Swisher Tarrant Taylor Terrell Terry Throckmorton Titus Tom Green Travis Trinity Tyler Upshur Upton Uvalde Val Verde Van Zandt Victoria Walker Waller Ward Washington Webb Wharton Wheeler Wichita Wilbarger Willacy Williamson Wilson Winkler Wise Wood Yoakum Young Zapata Zavala 31.29 35.43 15.80 22.58 37.05 31.97 25.81 19.35 25.69 18.85 30.14 50.60 14.48 17.42 23.34 15.78 24.23 24.91 19.61 26.29 21.54 23.78 16.10 34.15 24.72 25.22 25.09 27.84 23.28 14.82 46.88 27.83 13.18 23.20 21.07 22.68 22.01 13.50 13.38

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

115

116

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

UTAH
vacancies, 308,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Utah, 39.7 percent of the state’s 1.3 million working-age Clearly, Utah’s economic future depends on producing more adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Utah are college graduates. Utah can produce a lot more graduates by helping essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of young adults its residents who have attended college but not earned a — 25-34 years old — is 38.8 percent, slightly lower than that credential. In 2010, nearly 373,000 Utah adults — almost 28 of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate is would go a long way to helping Utah reach rising slowly but steadily. In 2009, the rate was Tracking the trend the 60 percent goal. 38.1 percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainment, For young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 age population (25-64) with at states must work systematically to close percent. least an associate degree achievement gaps. To help Utah develop and In Utah and nationally, attainment rates implement these strategies, this document must increase more rapidly to reach the Big 2008 – 40.3% features a detailed breakdown of the Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2025. If the 2009 – 39.2% attainment rate in each county. The data current rate of degree production continues, show that, while increasing attainment is a about 45 percent of Utah’s adult population — 2010 – 39.7% statewide need, it is a particular challenge nearly 652,000 people — will hold a college in rural counties. Assuring that all Utah degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, Utah will communities have access to high-quality higher education is need to add more than 217,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Utah must increase college increasing higher education attainment is so important. success among the fast-growing groups that will account for a According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and growing proportion of the state’s population, including working workforce trends, 66 percent of Utah’s jobs will require adults, low-income and first-generation students, and students postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st century Utah will need to fill 477,000 vacancies resulting from job students will help build Utah’s economy and ensure a bright creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these job future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Utah residents, ages 25-64
2.95% 9.21% 5.90%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

39,407 78,675 312,963 372,768 129,978 277,404 122,829 1,334,024

2.95% 5.90% 23.46% 27.94% 9.74% 20.79% 9.21% 100%

20.79%

23.46%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

9.74% 27.94%

Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

117

Degree-attainment rates among Utah adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 16.78% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 16.25% 44.86%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

43.53% 37.19%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Utah
60% 50%
45.1% 42.4%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
53.2% 50.5% 47.8% 55.9% 58.6%

60%
graduates

869,008

40% 30% 20%

39.7% 39.7% 40.4% 41.2%

41.9%

42.6%

43.3%

44.0%

44.7%

graduates

45.0% 651,756

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Utah adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Beaver Box Elder Cache Carbon Daggett 19.71 32.23 44.50 28.35 32.81 Davis Duchesne Emery Garfield Grand 45.65 24.60 27.25 31.08 31.43 Iron Juab Kane Millard Morgan 37.54 24.28 34.32 30.66 39.28 Piute Rich Salt Lake San Juan Sanpete 23.59 32.93 40.06 31.94 31.40 Sevier Summit Tooele Uintah Utah 28.41 59.54 31.02 21.11 47.87 Wasatch Washington Wayne Weber 42.16 33.71 33.67 33.20

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

118

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

VERMONT
n Vermont, 44.1 percent of the state’s nearly 340,000 job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year job vacancies, 62,000 will require postsecondary credentials. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Clearly, Vermont’s economic future depends on producing more Vermont are essentially stable. The degree-attainment rate of college graduates. young adults — 25-34 years old — is 42.2 percent, lower than Vermont can produce a lot more graduates by helping that of the adult population as a whole. its residents who have attended college but not earned a In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 credential. In 2010, nearly 64,000 Vermont adults — almost 19 and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate is not have either a two- or four-year college rising slowly but steadily. In 2009, the rate was degree. Encouraging and helping these adults Tracking the trend 38.1 percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. to complete degrees would go a long way to Percentage of the state’s workinghelping Vermont reach the 60 percent goal. For young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainment, percent. least an associate degree In Vermont and nationally, attainment states must work systematically to close rates must increase more rapidly to reach achievement gaps. To help Vermont 2008 – 43.6% the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by develop and implement these strategies, this 2009 – 44.2% 2025. If the current rate of degree production document features a detailed breakdown of continues, about 50 percent of Vermont’s adult the attainment rate in each county. The data 2010 – 44.1% population — roughly 176,000 people — will show that, while increasing attainment is a hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 statewide need, it is a particular challenge percent, Vermont will need to add nearly 37,000 degrees to in rural counties. Assuring that all Vermont communities have that total. access to high-quality higher education is essential. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Vermont must increase Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why college success among the fast-growing groups that will account increasing higher education attainment is so important. for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and workforce trends, 62 percent of Vermont’s jobs will require students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, century students will help build Vermont’s economy and ensure Vermont will need to fill 100,000 vacancies resulting from a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Vermont residents, ages 25-64
1.51% 13.23% 4.96%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

5,135 16,859 104,363 63,662 31,616 73,206 44,970 339,811

1.51% 4.96% 30.71% 18.73% 9.30% 21.54% 13.23% 100%

21.54%

30.71%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

9.30%

18.73%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

119

Degree-attainment rates among Vermont adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 18.37% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 44.50% 45.13% 40.92% 54.23%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Vermont
60% 50%
44.1%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
48.3% 46.2% 44.8% 45.6% 46.3% 47.0% 47.8% 50.4% 52.6% 54.7% 56.8% 58.9%

60%
graduates

212,582

48.5%

49.3%

40% 30% 20%

44.1%

graduates

49.6% 175,734

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Vermont adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Addison Bennington Caledonia 40.71 40.61 38.66 Chittenden Essex Franklin 57.35 26.40 34.11 Grand Isle Lamoille Orange 38.94 46.18 42.05 Orleans Rutland Washington 28.40 35.64 48.84 Windham Windsor 43.00 44.16

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

120

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

VIRGINIA
job vacancies, 820,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Virginia, 43.9 percent of the state’s nearly 4.4 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Virginia’s economic future depends on producing more degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in college graduates. Virginia are stable or increasing slightly. The degree-attainment Virginia can produce a lot more graduates by helping rate of young adults — 25-34 years old — is 44.8 percent, its residents who have attended college but not earned a slightly higher than that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, more than 908,000 Virginia adults — nearly In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 21 percent of the adult population — had gone to college and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate Encouraging and helping these adults to is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 complete degrees would go a long way to Tracking the trend percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For helping Virginia reach the 60 percent goal. Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainment, young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at In Virginia and nationally, attainment states must work systematically to close least an associate degree rates must increase more rapidly to reach achievement gaps. To help Virginia develop the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by and implement these strategies, this 2008 – 43.4% 2025. If the current rate of degree production document features a detailed breakdown of 2009 – 43.4% continues, nearly 53 percent of Virginia’s adult the attainment rate in each county. The data population — 2.4 million people — will hold show that, while increasing attainment is a 2010 – 43.9% a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 percent, statewide need, it is a particular challenge Virginia will need to add more than 346,000 in rural counties. Assuring that all Virginia degrees to that total. communities have access to high-quality higher education is Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Virginia must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 64 percent of Virginia’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Virginia will need to fill 1.3 million vacancies resulting from century students will help build Virginia’s economy and ensure a job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Virginia residents, ages 25-64
4.0% 14.80% 7.18%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

175,425 314,386 1,061,917 908,214 323,857 948,895 648,332 4,381,026

4.00% 7.18% 24.24% 20.73% 7.39% 21.66% 14.80% 100%

21.66%

24.24%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

7.39%

20.73%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

121

Degree-attainment rates among Virginia adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 26.70% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 27.51% 27.97% 64.84%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

47.78%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Virginia
60% 50%
43.9%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
50.3% 46.0% 45.0% 48.2% 46.1% 47.3% 48.4% 49.6% 52.5% 54.6% 56.8% 50.7% 58.9%

60%

2,772,682
graduates

51.9%

52.5% 2,426,096
graduates

40% 30% 20%

43.9%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

122

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Percentage of Virginia adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Accomack Albemarle Alleghany Amelia Amherst Appomattox Arlington Augusta Bath Bedford Bland Botetourt Brunswick Buchanan Buckingham Campbell Caroline Carroll Charles City Charlotte Chesterfield Clarke Craig Culpeper 25.00 60.21 30.23 18.02 25.79 18.52 77.00 25.80 12.68 33.43 28.73 36.66 18.61 16.98 15.84 28.20 21.21 21.54 15.80 24.30 44.83 40.86 24.01 29.92 Cumberland Dickenson Dinwiddie Essex Fairfax Fauquier Floyd Fluvanna Franklin Frederick Giles Gloucester Goochland Grayson Greene Greensville Halifax Hanover Henrico Henry Highland Isle of Wight James City 19.83 14.56 20.93 23.99 65.29 40.08 30.85 34.31 23.39 31.98 25.66 27.26 35.61 21.90 27.47 8.82 24.46 44.30 48.17 23.49 25.36 37.43 52.07 King George King William Lancaster Lee Loudoun Louisa Lunenburg Madison Mathews Mecklenburg Middlesex Montgomery Nelson New Kent Northampton Nottoway Orange Page Patrick Pittsylvania Powhatan 40.52 27.83 33.80 22.65 65.09 26.08 18.47 29.03 24.16 21.46 36.34 50.30 30.58 32.80 26.55 19.84 29.80 17.18 20.64 23.36 28.88 Prince William 45.63 Pulaski Richmond Roanoke Rockbridge Rockingham Russell Scott Shenandoah Smyth Spotsylvania Stafford Surry Sussex Tazewell Warren Washington Wise Wythe York 26.67 17.63 46.37 30.78 29.22 21.78 23.20 24.03 26.82 38.57 46.26 20.01 14.84 24.83 27.73 32.22 19.12 26.33 55.35 Rappahannock 43.86 CITIES Alexandria Bedford Bristol Buena Vista Chesapeake Colonial Hgts Covington Danville Emporia Fairfax Falls Church Franklin Galax Hampton Harrisonburg Hopewell Lexington Lynchburg Manassas Martinsville 66.93 33.98 31.84 25.92 39.92 27.63 21.29 29.07 20.48 61.64 78.22 23.93 24.86 31.92 40.75 16.44 55.21 36.55 33.91 31.52 Newport News 34.60 Norfolk Norton Petersburg Poquoson Portsmouth Radford Richmond Roanoke Salem Staunton Suffolk Waynesboro Winchester 32.15 35.10 20.33 51.28 29.00 50.80 39.94 31.22 42.95 36.64 35.29 26.93 36.73

Charlottesville 53.02

Southampton 22.12

Virginia Beach 43.59 Williamsburg 49.78

Fredericksburg 39.55

Northumberland 26.54

Westmoreland 22.00

Prince Edward 24.28 Prince George 24.16

Manassas Park 33.47

King and Queen 12.78

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

123

124

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

WASHINGTON
other factors. Of these job vacancies, 677,000 will require n Washington, 42.5 percent of the state’s nearly 3.7 million working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year postsecondary credentials. Clearly, Washington’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Washington can produce a lot more graduates by helping in Washington are essentially stable. The higher education its residents who have attended college but not earned a attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 40.7 percent, lower than that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, more than 942,000 Washington adults — more than 25 percent of the adult population — had gone In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year college to college but did not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and helping these adults degree was 38.3 percent. The rate is rising to complete degrees would go a long way to slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 percent, and Tracking the trend helping Washington reach the 60 percent in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For young adults Percentage of the state’s workinggoal. (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at To increase higher education attainment, In Washington and nationally, attainment least an associate degree states must work systematically to close rates must increase more rapidly to reach achievement gaps. To help Washington the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 42.0% develop and implement these strategies, this 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 42.3% document features a detailed breakdown of continues, nearly 49 percent of Washington’s the attainment rate in each county. The data adult population — about 2 million people — 2010 – 42.5% show that, while increasing attainment is a will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach statewide need, it is a particular challenge in 60 percent, Washington will need to add more rural counties. Assuring that all Washington communities have than 471,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University access to high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Washington must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 67 percent of Washington’s jobs will working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and require postsecondary education by 2018. Between now students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st and 2018, Washington will need to fill more than 1 million century students will help build Washington’s economy and vacancies resulting from job creation, worker retirements and ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Washington residents, ages 25-64
3.70% 11.15% 5.61%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

135,864 206,364 828,755 942,193 380,225 771,976 409,902 3,675,279

3.70% 5.61% 22.55% 25.64% 10.35% 21.00% 11.15% 100%

21.00%

22.55%

Some college, no degree Associate degree

10.35%

Bachelor’s degree
25.64%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

125

Degree-attainment rates among Washington adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 21.84% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 18.17% 54.47%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

44.77% 31.03%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Washington
60% 50%
42.5% 44.8% 43.3% 44.1% 44.9% 45.7%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
51.8% 49.5% 47.2% 46.5% 47.3% 48.1% 54.2% 56.5% 58.8%

60%
2,459,791
graduates

48.5% 1,988,331
graduates

40% 30% 20%

42.5%

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Washington adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Asotin Benton Chelan Clallam Clark Columbia 24.72 30.32 38.87 34.01 34.15 37.28 32.23 Cowlitz Douglas Ferry Franklin Garfield Grant Grays Harbor 27.56 29.18 30.89 22.32 29.38 24.10 25.21 Island Jefferson King Kitsap Kittitas Klickitat Lewis 39.62 41.39 56.00 40.17 41.91 28.10 26.50 Lincoln Mason Okanogan Pacific Pend Oreille Pierce San Juan 37.11 26.09 30.63 28.85 28.28 34.73 46.14 Skagit Skamania Snohomish Spokane Stevens Thurston Wahkiakum 36.17 31.30 40.44 42.55 31.92 43.57 25.55 Walla Walla Whatcom Whitman Yakima 36.72 43.89 60.78 22.50

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

126

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

WEST VIRGINIA
n West Virginia, 26.1 percent of the state’s 996,000 working- job vacancies, 115,000 will require postsecondary credentials. age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year degree, Clearly, West Virginia’s economic future depends on producing according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in West more college graduates. Virginia are essentially stable. The higher education attainment West Virginia can produce a lot more graduates by helping rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 29.9 its residents who have attended college but not earned a percent, higher than that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, more than 199,000 West Virginia adults In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 — nearly 20 percent of the adult population — had gone to and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year college but did not have either a two- or four-year college college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate degree. Encouraging and helping these adults is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 to complete degrees would go a long way to Tracking the trend percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For helping West Virginia reach the 60 percent Percentage of the state’s workinggoal. young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at In West Virginia and nationally, To increase higher education attainment, least an associate degree attainment rates must increase more rapidly to states must work systematically to close reach the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment achievement gaps. To help West Virginia 2008 – 25.6% by 2025. If the current rate of degree develop and implement these strategies, this 2009 – 26.4% production continues, about 33 percent of document features a detailed breakdown of West Virginia’s adult population — 289,000 the attainment rate in each county. The data 2010 – 26.1% people — will hold a college degree in 2025. show that, while increasing attainment is a To reach 60 percent, West Virginia will need statewide need, it is a particular challenge in to add nearly 243,000 degrees to that total. rural counties. Assuring that all West Virginia communities have Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University access to high-quality higher education is essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, West Virginia must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 49 percent of West Virginia’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st West Virginia will need to fill 234,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build West Virginia’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for West Virginia residents, ages 25-64
3.36% 7.13% 12.19% 6.76% 41.22% 19.99%

Less than ninth grade
9.35%

33,510 93,128 410,572 199,109 67,343 121,409 71,070 996,141

3.36% 9.35% 41.22% 19.99% 6.76% 12.19% 7.13% 100%

Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency) Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

127

Degree-attainment rates among West Virginia adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 12.18% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 18.77% 27.86% 67.02%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

25.85%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in West Virginia
60% 50%
44.2%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate of production
53.2% 48.7% 57.7%

60%
graduates

531,919

40%
35.1%

39.6%

30% 20%

30.6% 26.1% 26.1% 27.0% 27.8% 28.7% 29.6% 30.4% 31.3%

32.2%

graduates

32.6% 289,009

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of West Virginia adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Barbour Berkeley Boone Braxton Brooke Cabell Calhoun Clay Doddridge Fayette 18.95 26.87 14.36 17.99 28.60 33.34 15.00 15.30 11.82 16.21 Gilmer Grant Greenbrier Hampshire Hancock Hardy Harrison Jackson Jefferson Kanawha 17.43 17.65 24.54 14.33 28.51 16.14 26.61 26.28 36.49 32.80 Lewis Lincoln Logan McDowell Marion Marshall Mason Mercer Mineral Mingo 19.56 13.01 17.71 10.40 28.67 23.00 19.24 23.97 22.52 15.35 Monongalia Monroe Morgan Nicholas Ohio Pendleton Pleasants Pocahontas Preston Putnam 44.43 19.65 18.60 19.34 37.32 20.37 18.76 21.47 17.74 34.78 Raleigh Randolph Ritchie Roane Summers Taylor Tucker Tyler Upshur Wayne 23.26 25.55 19.39 14.06 17.38 21.60 19.79 14.07 22.56 22.73 Webster Wetzel Wirt Wood Wyoming 13.41 21.70 21.52 30.72 15.46

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

128

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

WISCONSIN
job vacancies, 558,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Wisconsin, 39.1 percent of the state’s 3 million workingClearly, Wisconsin’s economic future depends on producing age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates Wisconsin can produce a lot more graduates by helping in Wisconsin are increasing slightly. The higher education its residents who have attended college but not earned a attainment rate of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 41.3 percent, higher than that of the adult population as a whole. credential. In 2010, more than 677,000 Wisconsin adults — 22 percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Wisconsin is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainment, young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at states must work systematically to close In Wisconsin and nationally, attainment least an associate degree achievement gaps. To help Wisconsin rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 38.0% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 38.2% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, 47 percent of Wisconsin’s adult show that, while increasing attainment is a population — roughly 1.4 million people — 2010 – 39.1% statewide need, it is a particular challenge in will hold a college degree in 2025. To reach rural counties. Assuring that all Wisconsin 60 percent, Wisconsin will need to add more communities have access to high-quality higher education is than 395,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Wisconsin must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 61 percent of Wisconsin’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, and postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these 21st Wisconsin will need to fill 925,000 vacancies resulting from century students will help build Wisconsin’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Wisconsin residents, ages 25-64
2.16% 9.34% 5.54%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)

65,109 167,317 930,765 677,379 326,279 571,894 282,042 3,020,785

2.16% 5.54% 30.81% 22.42% 10.80% 18.93% 9.34% 100%

18.93%

30.81%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

10.80% 22.42%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

129

Degree-attainment rates among Wisconsin adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 24.17% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 21.75% 16.08% 53.17%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

40.73%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Wisconsin
60% 50%
41.9% 44.7%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
50.2% 47.4% 55.8% 53.0% 58.6%

60%
1,823,597
graduates

40% 30% 20%

39.1% 39.1% 40.1% 41.2%

42.2%

43.3%

44.4%

45.4%

46.5%

47.0% 1,428,485
graduates

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Wisconsin adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Adams Ashland Barron Bayfield Brown Buffalo Burnett Calumet Chippewa Clark Columbia Crawford 20.70 37.97 31.96 40.42 39.09 31.24 26.47 40.83 34.07 22.02 32.76 25.83 Dane Dodge Door Douglas Dunn Eau Claire Florence Fond du Lac Forest Grant Green Green Lake 58.13 26.22 35.13 37.07 37.28 47.07 23.57 30.76 20.60 33.98 33.09 27.52 Iowa Iron Jackson Jefferson Juneau Kenosha Kewaunee La Crosse Lafayette Langlade Lincoln Manitowoc 35.82 36.49 27.47 34.51 24.28 34.89 26.26 46.38 28.40 22.99 28.53 30.00 Marathon Marinette Marquette Menominee Milwaukee Monroe Oconto Oneida Outagamie Ozaukee Pepin Pierce 35.84 26.24 23.11 18.52 36.45 29.94 27.59 35.76 39.93 55.87 31.19 38.86 Polk Portage Price Racine Richland Rock Rusk St. Croix Sauk Sawyer Shawano Sheboygan 30.91 39.07 27.78 33.52 24.50 31.33 27.22 45.25 31.41 28.81 25.39 33.62 Taylor Trempealeau Vernon Vilas Walworth Washburn Washington Waukesha Waupaca Waushara Winnebago Wood 24.04 30.63 31.47 33.93 34.94 30.88 39.96 52.47 27.14 22.94 36.37 35.15

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

130

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

WYOMING
job vacancies, 65,000 will require postsecondary credentials. n Wyoming, 37.3 percent of the state’s nearly 301,000 working-age adults (25-64 years old) hold at least a two-year Clearly, Wyoming’s economic future depends on producing more college graduates. degree, according to 2010 Census data. Attainment rates in Wyoming can produce a lot more graduates by helping Wyoming are increasing. The higher education attainment rate its residents who have attended college but not earned a of young adults — those 25 to 34 years old — is 37.7 percent, credential. In 2010, more than 85,000 Wyoming adults — 28 slightly higher than that of the adult population as a whole. percent of the adult population — had gone to college but did In 2010, the percentage of Americans between age 25 not have either a two- or four-year college degree. Encouraging and 64 — working-age adults — who held a two- or four-year and helping these adults to complete degrees college degree was 38.3 percent. The rate would go a long way to helping Wyoming is rising slowly. In 2009, the rate was 38.1 Tracking the trend reach the 60 percent goal. percent, and in 2008 it was 37.9 percent. For Percentage of the state’s workingTo increase higher education attainment, young adults (25-34), the rate is 39.3 percent. age population (25-64) with at states must work systematically to close In Wyoming and nationally, attainment least an associate degree achievement gaps. To help Wyoming rates must increase more rapidly to reach develop and implement these strategies, this the Big Goal of 60 percent attainment by 2008 – 36.0% document features a detailed breakdown of 2025. If the current rate of degree production 2009 – 34.9% the attainment rate in each county. The data continues, about 45 percent of Wyoming’s show that, while increasing attainment is a adult population — 114,000 people — will 2010 – 37.3% statewide need, it is a particular challenge hold a college degree in 2025. To reach 60 in rural counties. Assuring that all Wyoming percent, Wyoming will need to add more than communities have access to high-quality higher education is 39,000 degrees to that total. Help Wanted, a report by the Georgetown University essential. Center on Education and the Workforce, explains why Finally, to reach the Big Goal, Wyoming must increase increasing higher education attainment is so important. college success among the fast-growing groups that will account According to the Center’s analysis of occupation data and for a growing proportion of the state’s population, including workforce trends, 62 percent of Wyoming’s jobs will require working adults, low-income and first-generation students, postsecondary education by 2018. Between now and 2018, and students of color. Meeting the educational needs of these Wyoming will need to fill 108,000 vacancies resulting from 21st century students will help build Wyoming’s economy and job creation, worker retirements and other factors. Of these ensure a bright future for the state.

I

Levels of education for Wyoming residents, ages 25-64
1.30% 8.09% 4.44% 16.97%

Less than ninth grade Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate (including equivalency)
28.62%

3,908 13,368 86,091 85,073 36,940 51,046 24,339 300,765

1.30% 4.44% 28.62% 28.29% 12.28% 16.97% 8.09% 100%

Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor’s degree

12.28% 28.29%

Graduate or professional degree TOTAL
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

131

Degree-attainment rates among Wyoming adults (ages 25-64), by population group
White Black Hispanic Asian Native American 0% 10% 20% 24.93% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 17.74% 44.47%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008-10 American Community Survey PUMS File

37.08% 36.01%

80%

90%

100%

The path to 60% degree attainment in Wyoming
60% 50%
43.4%

Annual benchmarks (targets) for a straight-line trajectory to reach 60% attainment by 2025 Expected percentages of degee holders among 25- to 64-year-olds at the current rate
52.4% 49.4% 46.4% 40.4% 37.3% 37.3% 38.3% 39.3% 40.3% 41.2% 43.2% 44.1% 55.5% 58.5%

60%
graduates

153,383

40% 30% 20%

42.2%

graduates

44.6% 114,015

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

2022

2024

2026

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census and 2010 American Community Survey

Percentage of Wyoming adults (ages 25-64) with at least an associate degree, by county
Albany Big Horn Campbell Carbon 58.06 32.02 27.86 28.94 Converse Crook Fremont Goshen 28.84 37.30 35.78 33.29 Hot Springs Johnson Laramie Lincoln 30.19 36.95 36.58 28.47 Natrona Niobrara Park Platte 34.00 28.14 40.40 29.96 Sheridan Sublette Sweetwater Teton 36.10 39.72 28.91 53.63 Uinta Washakie Weston 27.02 33.36 28.40

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

132

Lumina Foundation

I

A stronger nation through higher education

Credits
Research and data collection: The National Center for Higher Education Management Systems Writing: Dewayne Matthews Editing: David S. Powell Editorial assistance: Gloria A. Ackerson Photography: Shawn Spence Photography Design: IronGate Creative and RSN, Ltd. Layout and production: Natasha Swingley/RSN, Ltd. Printing: Vista Graphic Communications

About Lumina Foundation
Lumina Foundation, an Indianapolis-based private foundation, is committed to enrolling and graduating more students from college — especially 21st century students: low-income students, students of color, first-generation students and adult learners. Lumina’s goal is to increase the percentage of Americans who hold high-quality degrees and credentials to 60 percent by 2025. Lumina pursues this goal in three ways: by identifying and supporting effective practice, through public policy advocacy, and by using communications and convening power to build public will for change. Online access: This report and all of its elements are available at www.luminafoundation.org/stronger_nation. From there, you can: • Navigate through the full report, including the metro-area attainment data, and compare data dynamically among all states. • Download a printable version of the full report. • Download individual policy briefs that present the data specific to each state. • Download the Stronger Nation mobile application for use on your iPhone or iPad. Twitter: @luminafound, @Goal2025

Lumina Foundation P.O. Box 1806 Indianapolis, IN 46206-1806 www.luminafoundation.org © 2012 Lumina Foundation for Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
March 2012