# MatE 14 PROBLEM SET 3

Directions:
a. Show complete solutions. Write them on a yellow paper.
b. Write clearly and legibly; messy solutions will not be given partial points.
1.

A manufacturer of cutting tools wants to optimize the tool life in hours. It was found out that it is a function of steel
hardness and manufacturing time. Current operating conditions are steel hardness (250 HB) and manufacturing time
(15 minutes). Using the following data, find the path of steepest ascent.
Steel Hardness (HB)
245
245
255
255
250
250
250
250
250

Manufacturing Time (minutes)
10
20
10
20
15
15
15
15
15

Tool life (hours)
8544
8543
8545
8546
8542
8547
8548
8541
8540

2. Shown below is the quality monitoring chart for the month of February of 3 Idiots Chemicals Inc. on their nhexane production. Specific gravities of batch samples are measured and checked for consistent quality.
Show all formula used and calculations.
a) Plot the Xbar – R chart for this result.
b) Plot the Xbar – mR for the same data.
c) Is there a change in your conclusion?
d) Which do you think is the more appropriate control chart for this type of data?
Date

2/16/11

2/17/11

2/18/11

2/19/11

Time
0300
0900
1500
2100
0300
0900
1500
2100
0300
0900
1500
2100
0300
0900
1500
2100

SG
Result
0.65
0.67
0.69
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.63
0.68
0.67
0.68
0.62
0.66
0.62
0.65
0.63
0.66

Date

2/20/11

2/21/11

2/22/11

2/23/11

Time
0300
0900
1500
2100
0300
0900
1500
2100
0300
0900
1500
2100
0300
0900
1500
2100

SG
Result
0.65
0.69
0.63
0.64
0.63
0.68
0.68
0.69
0.64
0.65
0.65
0.63
0.66
0.62
0.63
0.62

693 0 2.483 2.921 0.952 0.844 0.965 0.004 7 0.308 0.076 1.864 9 0.574 0 2.577 2.023 1.184 1.114 1.574 1.136 1.076 1.267 2.864 0.706 0.924 8 0.777 .058 0 2.772 4 0.Some important constants: n An 2 A2 Bn 1.940 0.659 3 0.457 5 0.325 0 2.880 B3 B4 D3 D4 E2 0 3.285 0.290 6 0.729 2.816 0.282 0 2.419 2.777 0.114 0 2.816 10 0.886 1.282 1.004 0 2.184 1.223 1.536 0 2.924 0.959 0.223 1.136 1.373 2.267 0 3.