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Published by: kalamsoftware on Mar 27, 2012
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12/08/2015

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What Is JAVA?

20

Java is a programming language originally developed by James Gosling at Sun
Microsystems and released in 1995 as a core component of Sun Microsystems' Java
platform. The language derives much of its syntax from C and C++ but has a simpler object
model and fewer low-level facilities. Java applications are typically compiled to byte code
(class file) that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer
architecture.

The original and reference implementation Java compilers, virtual machines, and class
libraries were developed by Sun from 1995. As of May 2007, in compliance with the
specifications of the Java Community Process, Sun made available most of their Java
technologies as free software under the GNU General Public License. Others have also
developed alternative implementations of these Sun technologies, such as the GNU
Compiler for Java and GNU Class path.

Java is an object-oriented programming language developed initially by
James Gosling and colleagues at Sun Microsystems. The language, initially called Oak
(named after the oak trees outside Gosling's office), was intended to replace C++, although
the feature set better resembles that of Objective C. Java should not be confused with
JavaScript, which shares only the name and a similar C-like syntax.

"Java" generally refers to a combination of three things: the
Java programming language (a high-level, object-oriented programming language); the
Java Virtual Machine (a high-performance virtual machine that executes byte codes on a
specific computing platform, typically abbreviated JVM); and the Java platform, a JVM
running compiled Java byte codes, usually calling on a set of standard libraries such as
those provided by Java Standard Edition (SE) or Enterprise Edition (EE). Though coupled
by design, the language does not imply the JVM, and vice versa.

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