INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.cie.org.uk/CIE/WebSite/Images/home/ucie.

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History IGCSE International Relations, 1918-1989 & Germany, 1918-1945 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWw ilsonW.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PRgeor ge2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWcl emen.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWo rlando.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWf ochPO.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FW WinFrance.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ARTerl er.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERso cialism..JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWm ussolinP2.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWhi roshito.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ENCYj apanA.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jlow1.J PG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Neville_C hamberlain2.jpg" \o "Chamberlain holds the Munich Agreement on his return from Germany in September 1938. He said: My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has ret INCLUDEPICTURE "http://en.wikipedia.org/upload/b/b0/Neville_C hamberlain2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET
INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSluxemburg.JPG" \*

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The syllabus content consists of a compulsory core and a depth study. The compulsory core is on International Relations, 1919-1989. The depth study is Germany, 1918-1945. There are two exam papers which have a total weighting of 73%. Paper 1: Essays Paper 1 is on on the core and the depth study in the form of shorter and then longer essay style questions. Paper 1 lasts 1 hour 45 mins. Paper 2: Documents Paper 2 is on on a topic from the Core of the Boards choice. There will be a selection of documents and questions. Historically the Board chooses a 1919-1939 topic one year and a 1945-1989 topic the next. NB: The topic changes each year. 2001, League & 1930s 2002, USSR & Eastern Europe 2003, Hitler's Foreign Policy 2004, Cold War, 1945-49 2005, The Treaty of Versailles 2006, Cuba & the USA, 1958-1962 2007, The Korean War

use historical sources critically in their historical context . Syllabus Aims: . changes. interpret. Paper 3 or Coursework Candidates must submit two pieces of coursework which have a combined weighting of 27%.develop understanding of how the past has been represented and interpreted .investigate historical events. select. evaluate and use a range of sources as evidence in their historical context The skills objectives are the same as UK NC and the IB Diploma.draw conclusions and appreciate that these and other historical conclusions are liable to reassessment in the light of new or reinterpreted evidence Assessment Objectives Objective 1: Knowledge. . Task 1 is a set of 3 essays on Hitler's rise to power Task 2 is a document paper. Organization & Communication recall. just like Paper 2 on the Reichstag Fire Approximate schedule Year 10 Autumn Term November Test Spring Term June Exam Autumn Term Berlin Visit January Mocks Spring Term IGCSE Exams Versailles & 1920s Target setting 1930s & Causes WW2 Target setting Germany & coursework Germany & coursework Target setting Cold War usually in early May Year 11 The Paper 2 topic will be covered in more depth. Events leading to WW2.acquire knowledge and understanding of the human past .2008. intentions and beliefs of people in the past Objective 3: Source Enquiry & Interpretation comprehend. 1939 Paper 2 lasts 2 hours. organise and deploy knowledge of the syllabus content Objective 2: Understanding & Empathy demonstrate an understanding of: change and continuity cause and consequence similarity and difference motives. emotions. people and issues .

co.activehistory.schoolhistory.intst.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.historyonthenet.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.co.uk/images/promo_discussion.uk" \t "_blank" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.co.net" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.org.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/schoolhistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/learnhistory.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/schoolshistory_sm.intst.HistoryGCSE.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.net/humanities/information/_borders/historylogosmall.co.activehistory.co.co.htm" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.activehistory.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/historygcse.johndclare. 1 hour & 10 mins.co.uk/images/schoolhis.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.uk/" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.co. 1 hour on an International Relations topic Some useful web sites HYPERLINK "http://www.schoolnet. Germany in Y11 documents & questions.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.com/images/activehistory_sm.schoolhistory.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/forum" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.Y10 Summer/Y11 January Mock The Y10 Summer exam and Y11 January Mock will closely follow the IGCSE format and will typically be a 2 hour 10 mins paper including.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/johndclare.spartacus.org" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.co.activehistory.org.schoolhistory.schoolhistory. on International Relations in Y10.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE .co. 2 out of 5 essay questions.gi f" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.schoolshistory.net/humanities/history/index.activehistory.schoolhistory.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learnhistory.activehistory.

Left to right (seated): Signor Orlando.activehistory.iwmcollections.activehistory.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/spartacus.org. & 3 others HYPERLINK "http://www.uk/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpcgi.org.uk/history/lj/warslj/art_versailles.uk/media/images/Art/colo/2855.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.org.org.shtml" http://www.bbc.uk/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpcgi.iwmcollections.shtml HYPERLINK "http://www. and a statue of Victory above the fireplace.co. President Woodrow Wilson).co. over half were killed.weatherheadhistory.co.org/" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK Year 10 September/October INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.iwmcollections. wounded or captured A Peace Conference at the Quai d'Orsay Sir William Orpen RA Delegates seating and standing around a table.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET "http://www.co. Mr D Lloyd George.ik. cherubs.bbc. Behind them is a highly ornate and gilded room with chandeliers.exe" http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Dead Germans in a Trench Sir William Orpen RA The scale of the human tragedy of the First World War was unprecedented Of 65 million men mobilised.iwmcollections. M Georges Clemenceau.uk/history/lj/warslj/art_versailles.uk/media/images/Art/web1art/1202-20.exe ."http://www.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/weatherhead.

uk/greatwar/peace/images/title.gov. roles of individuals such as Clemenceau.gov.learningcurve.uk/history/war/wwone/versailles_01.shtml Visit Chateau de Versailles & The Hall of Mirrors (La Galerie des Glaces) HYPERLINK "http://www.uk/history/war/images/banner-wwone.uk/greatwar/images/roundbutton/roundbutton_g5cs2.co.htm" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.chateauversailles.co.uk/greatwar/peace/frameset.co.co.learningcurve.uk/greatwar/peace/frameset.gov. impact of treaties on defeated countries.bbc. Wilson.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.htm" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www. Orlando & Lloyd George and in peacemaking process.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.bbc.shtml" http://www. and the Legacy of Peace By Professor Martin Kitchen HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.learningcurve.gov.learningcurve.bbc.gov.learningcurve.htm" http://www.co.php" . On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.bbc.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET Versailles and Peacemaking By Dr Ruth Henig HYPERLINK "http://www.uk/history/war/wwone/versailles_01. contemporary opinions about treaties.shtml The Ending of World War One.shtml" http://www.uk/history/war/wwone/war_end_01.uk/greatwar/g5/cs1/default.bbc.uk/greatwar/g5/cs2/default.Were the Peace Treaties of 1919-23 fair ? What were the motives of the Big 4 at Versailles ? Why did the victors not get everything the wanted ? What was the impact of the peace treaty on Germany ? Could the treaties be justified at the time ? Detailed Content Peace Treaties of 1919-23.uk/history/war/wwone/war_end_01.uk/greatwar/images/roundbutton/roundbutton_g5cs1.fr/en/111_The_Grand_Apartment_And_Hall_of_Mirrors.

co.co. the Armillary sphere.acusd.gif" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://flagspot.chateauversailles.edu/gen/WW1Pics/90861ex.co.fr/en/111_The_Grand_Apartment_And_Hall_of_Mirrors.bbc.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET The League of Nations symbol.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub. the League Head quarters at Geneva and the League flag To what extent was the League of Nations a success ? How successful was the League in the 1920s ? How far did the weaknesses in the League's organization make failure inevitable ? How far did the Depression make the work of the League more difficult ? How successful was the League in the 1930s ? Detailed Content League of Nations .jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://flagspot.net/images/l/league.php HYPERLINK "http://www.GIF" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc. successes and failures in peacekeeping during 1920s. 1919-1992 HYPERLINK "http://www.ch/frames/library/archives/lon/photos/title.fr/en/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.net/images/l/league.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ Year 10 November/December INCLUDEPICTURE "http://history.chateauversailles.fr/en/" http://www.strengths and weaknesses in its structure and organisation.bbc.unog. impact of World Depression on work of League .chateauversailles.http://www.

unog.learningcurve.edu/~league/homelogooff8_r7_c2.indiana.ch/80256EE60057F2B7/ (httpHomepages)/5562355D4417A43F80256F04007174DB?OpenDocument" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.bbc.ch/80256EDD006B8954/hd_the_palais_des_nations.ch/80256EE600581D0E/(httpHomepages)/BCE0EBD8DCE4470C80256F040067307C?OpenDocument" http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www. 1919-1992 HYPERLINK "http://www. failures of League during 1930s.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.edu/~league/ HYPERLINK "http://www.ch/80256EDD006B8954/hd_unog.ch/80256EE60057D930/(httpPages)/8C989922E1DBC95980256EF8005048CA?OpenDocument HYPERLINK "http://www.unog.indiana.indiana. On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.edu/~league/" http://www.htm .gov.htm" http://www.uk/heroesvillains/mussolini/default.after 1929.co.ch/80256EE600581D0E/(httpHomepages)/BCE0EBD8DCE4470C80256F040067307C?OpenDocument HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.unog.bbc.learningcurve.uk/heroesvillains/mussolini/default.ch/80256EE60057D930/(httpPages)/8C989922E1DBC95980256EF8005048CA?OpenDocument" http://www. Manchuria and Abyssinia.unog.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.unog.unog.co.co.unog.

com/causesofww2/munich1.Year 10 Spring INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www. Himmler & Hess examine the map of Czechoslovakia Chamberlain holds up “the piece of paper” Daladier is top right Why had international peace collapsed by 1939 ? What were the long term consequences of the peace treaties of 1919-1923 ? What were the consequences of the failure of the League in the 1930s ? How far was Hitler's foreign policy to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939 ? .geocities. Hitler. Goering.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Mussolini.

learningcurve.uk/snapshots/snapshot31/snapshot31. appeasement.bbc.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve. 1919-1992 HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve. Italy and Japan.Was the policy of appeasement justified ? How important was the Nazi-Soviet Pact ? Why did Britain & France declare war on Germany in 1939 ? Detailed Content Collapse of international order in 1930s. Austria.uk/snapshots/snapshot30/snapshot30.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot30/images/title.learningcurve.gov. the Saar.html .gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc. remilitarisation of the Rhineland.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www. increasing militarism of Germany. Nazi-Soviet Pact and outbreak of war in 1939. On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.co.gov.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/snapshots/snapshot31/snapshot31.gov.net/index.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.co.net/index.htm" http://www.worldatwar. Czechoslovakia and Poland.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot30/snapshot30.co.bbc.worldatwar.net/images/title.html" http://www.learningcurve.learningcurve.htm" http://www.gov.worldatwar.uk/snapshots/snapshot31/images/title. Hitler's foreign policy to 1939.

com/G/grosz/grosz.abcgallery. bureacrats and the bewildered.com/G/grosz/grosz.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/sgrosz26.. HYPERLINK "http://www.Pillars of Society The Agitator A Winter’s Tale George Grosz identifies some of the characters in Weimar society..com/G/grosz/sgrosz10.abcgallery.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.com/G/grosz/sgrosz19.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www..abcgallery.. In “The Agitator” he identifies the future threat in 1928.abcgallery.abcgallery. freikorps. monarchists. Army commanders.YEAR 11 September/October HYPERLINK "http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Eclipse of the Sun.com/G/grosz/grosz15.com/G/grosz/sgrosz15.com/G/grosz/grosz19.abcgallery.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz26.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz10.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.html Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start ? How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War ? What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Republic ? .jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www. priests.abcgallery.html" http://www.

main political divisions. The Versilles settlement and German reactions to it.schoolnet.spartacus.uk/Germany. The Weimar constitution.co. Political disorder.To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923 ? What were the achievements of the Weimar Republic ? Detailed Content The Revolution of 1918 and the establishment of the Republic.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc. eonomic crises and hyper-inflation. The Stresemann era.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.htm" http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub. Cultural achievements of the Weimar period On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.co.schoolnet. the occupation of the Ruhr. the role of the army.co.uk/ENCgermany.co.uk/Germany.spartacus.bbc. 1919-1923.spartacus.co.co.schoolnet.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ .

edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/sa3at.calvin.calvin. This painting by Arthur Kampf commemorates the Nazi seizure of power on 30 January 1933.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www. This painting shows an S.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/30jan. The SA marched in torchlit procession through Berlin HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/30jant.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/ Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934 ? What did the Nazi Party stand for in the 1920s ? Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930 ? Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor in 1933 ? How did Hitler consolidate his power by 1934 ? .jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET The Nazis came to glorify the Kampfzeit.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/sa3. Man in a meeting hall battle.A.calvin.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.Year 11 October/November HYPERLINK "http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www. the period before 1933 when the party fought for power.edu/academic/cas/gpa/" http://www.calvin.

The Enabling Act. the Munich Putsch. reasons for the Nazis' rise to power.spartacus.schoolnet. night of the Long Knives and the death of Hindenburg. removal of the opposition.schoolnet. Hitler takes power.htm .spartacus.bbc.co.co.co. The Army oath. On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.co.co. The impact of the Depression on Germany: political.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www. the roles of Hitler and other Nazi leaders.uk/ENCgermany.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/Germany.bbc. the Reichstag fire and the March election.spartacus.htm" http://www.uk/Germany.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub. economic and social crisis of 1930-33.co.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.schoolnet.Detailed Content The early years of the Nazi Party: Nazi ideas and methods.bbc.

calvin. 1933-1945 ? How much opposition was there to the Nazi regime ? How effectively did the Nazis deal with their political opponents ? How did the Nazis use culture and the mass media to control people ? .edu/academic/cas/gpa/kanzlei.calvin.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk2t.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm How effectively did the Nazis control Germany.calvin.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Perfect order and absolute control are symbolized by Hitler's Reich Chancellery and office HYPERLINK "http://www.Year 11 November/December HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/kanzlei.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk2.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk3.calvin.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm" http://www.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk3t.

The Army oath. Use of Culture and the mass media. removal of the opposition.com/" http://www.thirdreichruins.co.bbc.uk/Germany.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.edu/academic/cas/gpa INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www. Night of the Long Knives.calvin.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.bbc. SS and Himmler.bbc.com/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/prop. the police state . Goebbels.co.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state ? Detailed Content The Enabling Act.thirdreichruins.spartacus.schoolnet.uk/Germany.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.thirdreichruins.calvin.co. Opposition to Nazi rule On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.edu/academic/cas/gpa" http://www.schoolnet.co.co.schoolnet. Methods of control and repression.calvin.spartacus.htm" http://www.spartacus.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ .uk/ENCgermany.com/topbarreich.co.

calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/ws/ws07. an inexpensive radio receiver.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/posters/tolz41.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www." "The Führer Speaks.calvin. HYPERLINK "http://www. It is the Jews who for decades have attempted to revolutionize the world with it.edu/academic/cas/gpa/posters/tolz41t." The family from old to young is gathered round the Volksempfänger.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/ws/ws07t.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.Year 11 December/January HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/paduat.edu/academic/cas/gpa/ What was it like to live in Nazi Germany ? How did young people react to the Nazi regime ? How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family ? Why did the Nazis persecute many groups in German society ? .calvin.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Quote of the day posters were put up by Hitler Youth and in as many public places as possible. This poster advertises a country rally of the Nazi party from 1941 A woman ploughs the field while her husband fights on the front. This one is by Joseph Goebbels: "It was the Jews who discovered Marxism.calvin.gif" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.edu/academic/cas/gpa/" http://www.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www. listening to Hitler speak.calvin.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/padua.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.

Different experiences of Nazi rule: women and young people.schoolnet.spartacus.jlrweb. Opposition to Nazi rule.uk/Germany.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.jlrweb.activehistory.ushmm.org/tops/ushmmo.org" http://www.uk/games/spy/spy.org" www.ushmm.org HYPERLINK "http://www.co.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.yadvashem.uk/games/spy/spy.yadvashem.com/whiterose/images/header_german.co.jlrweb.com/whiterose/ .org/" \t "_top" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm" http://www.yadvashem.schoolnet.spartacus. The Holocaust On the web UNDERCOVER IN NAZI GERMANY! HYPERLINK "http://www.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.Did most people in Germany benefit from Nazi rule ? How did the coming of war change life in Nazi Germany ? Detailed Content Economic policy including rearmament. persecution of minorities.ushmm.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www. anti-Semitism.co.com/whiterose/" http://www.co.schoolnet.ushmm.activehistory.uk/Germany. The war economy & Total War. Impact of the Second World War on Germany.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.org/new_hompage/images/up.org INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm" http://www.co.uk/ENCgermany.

uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/services/learning/curriculum/voices.uk/history/war/genocide/launch_ani_auschwitz_map.wiesenthal.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://motlc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.co.wiesenthal.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://motlc.shtml" http://www.htm" http://www.uk/services/learning/curriculum/voices.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bl.html The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials archive HYPERLINK "http://www.co.com/gifs/title.html" http://motlc.uk/history/war/genocide/launch_ani_auschwitz_map.bbc.com/index.co.yale.shtml .edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/imt.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/imt.html Voices of the Holocaust HYPERLINK "http://www.HYPERLINK "http://motlc.uk/history/war/images/banner-genocide.bbc.wiesenthal.com/index.co.com/index.bbc.bl.bbc.html" http://www.yale.wiesenthal.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.

learningcurve.learningcurve.gov.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/cs3/default.uk/coldwar/G3/cs1/default.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r7_c6_f2.gov.gov.gov. occupation of Germany and Berlin Blockade.gov.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm" \t "_self" . Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe to 1948 and American reactions to it.learningcurve.gov.gov.gov.htm" \t "_self" HYPERLINK "http://www.htm" \t "_self" HYPERLINK "http://www.uk/coldwar/G2/cs3/default.learningcurve.learningcurve.uk/coldwar/G4/cs1/default.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r2_c2_f2.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/coldwar/G2/images/CS/G2_r7_c6_f2.learningcurve. 1945 summit conferences and breakdown of USA-USSR alliance in 1945-6. On the web HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/coldwar/G4/cs4/default.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r5_c3_f2.gov.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.Year 11 February/March Who was to blame for the Cold War ? Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945 ? How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948 ? How did the USA react to the Soviet expansionism ? What were the consequences of the Berlin Blockade ? Who was more to blame for starting the Cold War ? Detailed Content Origins of Cold War.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/coldwar/G2/images/CS/G2_r3_c7_f2.learningcurve.learningcurve.uk/coldwar/G2/cs4/default.

learningcurve.uk/coldwar/G5/cs1/default.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/images/CS/G3_r2_c4_f2.co.bbc.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/images/CS/G3_r4_c2_f2.learningcurve.htm" http://www.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.activehistory.co.bbc.co.gov.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET .uk/coldwar/G3/cs2/default.uk/Miscellaneous/hotpots/gcse/coldwar/ideology.uk/coldwar/G3/cs3/default.uk/coldwar/ Democratic and Communist Ideology .uk/coldwar/G5/cs2/default.uk/coldwar/G5/images/CS/G5_r2_c2_f2.gov.gov.uk/Miscellaneous/hotpots/gcse/coldwar/ideology.learningcurve. 1959-1962 USA and Vietnam. case studies of American reactions to Cuban Revolution.learningcurve.learningcurve.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gov. American involvement in Vietnam War.learningcurve. including Missile Crisis and effects.uk/coldwar/G3/images/CS/G3_r6_c3_f2. 1955-1975 Detailed Content Events of Cold War.uk/coldwar/" http://www.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ Year 11 March/April How effectively did the USA contain the spread of Communism ? USA & Cuba.learningcurve.learningcurve.learningcurve.gov.bbc.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations HYPERLINK "http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.Matching Exercise HYPERLINK "http://www.co.co.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.activehistory.learningcurve.gov.gov. HYPERLINK "http://www.htm" \t "_self" HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.

jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.learningcurve.learningcurve.learningcurve.uk/coldwar/G6/images/CS/G6_r2_c3_f2.uk/coldwar/ HYPERLINK "http://www.uk/coldwar/G6/images/CS/G6_r4_c2_f2.learningcurve.gov.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G6/cs2/default.uk/coldwar/G5/images/CS/G5_r5_c3_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.gov.uk/heroesvillains/jfk/default.uk/heroesvillains/jfk/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.gov.learningcurve.uk/coldwar/" http://www.gov. 1948-1989 ? Why was there opposition to Soviet control in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968.uk/coldwar/G6/cs1/default.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.htm" http://www. and how did the USSR react to this opposition ? How similar were events in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968 ? Why was the Berlin Wall built in 1961 ? What was the significance of Solidarity in Poland for the decline of Soviet influence in Eastern .gov.gov.gov.learningcurve.gov.learningcurve.htm How secure was the USSR's control over Eastern Europe.INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.

823 DEA YAF* Harris. Andersen Press.learningcurve. World War I Breslin. Patrick. Walker. The beckoning hills. Cooper. Solidarity in Poland. Terry. Corgi. Wings to fly. Theresa. 2002. Deary. causes and consequences of Berlin Wall. HYPERLINK "http://www.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.Europe ? How far was Gorbachev personally responsible for the collapse of Soviet control over Eastern Europe ? Detailed Content Soviet power in Eastern Europe.learningc. . 2002.uk/coldwar/" http://www.uk/coldwar/G4/cs4/default.uk/coldwar/ St. Gorbachev and collapse of Soviet Empire.uk/coldwar/G4/cs3/default. Walker. The dividing sea.gov. Out of Print.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www. Czechoslovakia 1968.gov. resistance to Soviet power in Hungary 1956. Ruth Elwin.gov. Scolastic. 2002.learningcurve. The frightful First World War and woeful Second World War.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r7_c6_f2. Letters from the coffin trenches. 2001.gov. Ken.gov.gov. 823 BRE GF* Catran.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www. George’s British International School Library History Reading List of Fiction. Remembrance.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r5_c3_f2.learningcurve. Ruth Elwin. Biography and Plays.learningcurve.learningcurve. Harris. 2000.

The Russia House. Archie. Charlie Wilcox. Across the nightingale floor. Devil in Vienna. Serraillier. Heinemann. Hans Peter. 823 LEC GF* . 2003. Chinese Cinderella. 2002. 1993. Pergamon. Heinemann. Cold War LeCarre. Frank. Red Fox. 1980. Oxford University Press. I was there. Jung. The silent sea. Remarque. All quiet on the Western Front. Night. Collins. 2001. Golden. Heinemann. Anne.. When a girl is born. 823 ISH GF* Jung. Richard Drew. Adeline Yen. 2002. Roald. 1939. Orgel. Out of Print. Hodder and Stoughton. 2003. Longman. 1985. 1970. Ruth Elwin. Watts. Private Peaceful.Harris. 823 KAW GF* Mah.. The master of Go. Penguin. Hemingway. Penguin. Captain W. Derek. Erich Maria. 1985. McKay. Biggles learns to fly. Heinemann. 2002. Irene N. 823 HOL YAF* Isherwood.E. Dreaming in black and white. A perfect spy. Pamela. The resistable rise of Arturo Ui (play). 2000. Morpurgo. Methuen. Robinson. 823 MAH GF* Inter War Europe Dahl. Lawrence.gif". Hodder and Stoughton. Yasunari. Richard Clay. 823 GRA YAF* Hearn. Oxford University Press. Out of Print. 823 JUN YAF* Kerr. Goodbye to Berlin. No hero for the Kaiser. 2000. Elie. 823 LEC GF* LeCarre. Reinhardt. 1985. Collins. 823 REM GF* Riordan. Watts. Christopher. 823 HIL YAF* Watts. I am David. 823 RIC YAF* Richter. Ernest. 823 ORG YAF* Richter. The spy who came in from the cold. Penguin. 1987. Hans Peter. Remember Me. The diary of Anne Frank. 1981. War song. 1979. When Hitler stole Pink Rabbit. Liam. 1978. 823 HEM GF* Johns. Judith. Floris.53 FRA YAF* Frank. Sharon E. Harris. John. Puffin.. The Rise of the Nazis and Life in Nazi Europe Brecht. 823 FRA YAF* Holm. Walker. Cassell. Floris. Walker. 823 GOL GF* Grant. Rilla of Ingleside. 2003. Wild Swans. Pearson. Anne. 1960 Wiesel. Heinemann. Goodbye Marianne. John. 823 HEA YAF* Kawabata. Hogarth Press. 920 DAH YAF* Hill. Arthur. The silver sword. Beyond the Orchid House. Flamingo. 823 LEC GF* LeCarre. 2000. Iain. 2002. Friedrich. Lucy Maud. 1984. A farewell to arms. Doris. Irene N. 2002. 2001. China and Japan 1920s and 30s Chang. Ruth Elwin.. 2002. Summer’s end. Michael. John. Floris. 1991. Egmont. Finding Sophie. Lord of the Nutcracker menINCLUDEPICTURE \d \z "images/stars/4star. Irene N. Atlantic Books. 1998. 940. James.. Collins. Memoirs of a geisha. War story. Montgomery. Ian. Rudolf. 1986. 2002. Bertolt. Macmillan. 1992. Boy. 1981. Heinemann. 1963.

* Titles available from the School Library .

Past IGCSE History Questions The Treaty of Versailles The most controversial clause of all in the Treaty of Versailles was Article 231.This stated that ‘Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and .

'The financial impact was high.damage to which the Allied governments and their people have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.' 'A reduction in the numbers in the armed forces increased unemployment.’ Level 2 Identifies why 2-4 e.' 'It ignored the 14 points.' (b) Why did Germany dislike the Treaty of Versailles? Level 1 General answer/describes terms of Treaty 1 e.g.' 'The Saar and Upper Silesia were lost.g.' Level 2 Describes ways 2-5 e. 'It was unfair/harsh.' 'It would stop them recovering.' 'It reduced the armed forces. [8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles weaken the German economy? (b) Why did Germany dislike the Treaty of Versailles? 5 7 (c) To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time? Explain your answer. 'Germany had to accept full blame for starting the wars and had to pay reparations of £6600 million.’ (a) (b) In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles weaken the German economy? [5 ] Why did Germany dislike the Treaty of Versailles? [7 ] To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time? Explain your answer. 8 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) What were Germany’s main territorial losses under the Treaty of Versailles? (b) Why was Germany dissatisfied with the peace treaty? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles weaken the German economy? Level 1 General answer 1-2 e.' 'They could not meet repayments. These were important industrial areas.' 'Unemployment rose.' .g. 'It was a diktat.' 'They lost important land.g.

' 'Germany had to pay 6600m.' Level 4 Explains why it might AND might not be sensible at the time 5-7 e.' 'It was a view that if Germany had won they would have enforced a more severe treaty as they had done against Russia in March 1918. 'It was dealing with complex problems. 'The war had been very severe. thus reducing its symbol of pride.' 'It returned land (Alsace-Lorraine) that Germany had captured in earlier times.a diktat.g. the loss of Alsace-Lorraine and the army leave the left bank of the Rhine. This was humiliating.' 'It could not have been sensible as it was imposed .g. Level 1 Unsupported assertions 1 e.' 'There was demand for revenge. It should therefore not have been a surprise when they appeared in the final peace treaty.' 'They had been forced to accept the responsibility for the war and the damage caused and therefore had to pay reparations.' ‘With hindsight the Treaty helped to create the Nazi regime in Germany.' 'The agreed armistice terms impacted on the peace treaty. Germany had accepted the principle of reparations.' 'Under the 14 points other countries were granted self-determination but Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and in Czechoslovakia Germans were ruled by non-Germans.' Level 3 Explains why 4-7 e. The victors were determined that the terms were so severe that there was no chance of hostilities breaking out again.' (Identifies clauses) Level 3 Explains why it was sensible OR not 3-5 e.' 'A less harsh treaty would not have satisfied public opinion.g. 'They were not allowed to attend the Paris peace conference. the League of Nations to deal with any unresolved .' Level 2 Identifies why 2-3 e.' 'It reduced the armed forces whilst others did not.' 'Germany had already agreed to many of the terms in the armistice. The terms were presented to Germany without negotiation.g.' 'It lost territory. 'It was because it ensured fighting ended.g.' 'All the politicians at the peace conference were under pressure to meet the expectations of public opinion not make the peace treaty they wanted and there had to be compromise.'They were humiliated. 'Germany had to pay reparations for all the damage caused.' 'The amount of reparations was extremely high and this led to hyperinflation.' 'It did not meet the thoughts of the Big three leaders.' (c) To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time? Explain your answer. Its colonies and the Saar and Upper Silesia were important to the German economy.' 'It set up a body.

and the German reaction to it. Why did the Treaty of Versailles cause problems for Germany in the 1920s? (c) How successful was the League of Nations in dealing with international disputes in the 1920s. Explain your answer.' Level 5 Explains with evaluation of ‘to what extent . Explain your answer ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) Describe Wilson’s aims Explain why Germany was treated severely (c) Did the treaties satisfy the victors. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… League & Italy & Japan (c) How successful was the League of Nations in dealing with disputes during the 1920s? Explain your answer.' 'Each of the big three thought that it might have been different.issues. There was a fear that the harshness might result in further war (Britain) whilst France thought it should have been more severe to punish Germany for earlier events. .at that time’ 8 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) (b) Describe mandates and plebiscites Explain why the treaty was harsh on Germany 5 7 Evaluate how far Germans accepted the treaty by end of 1923 8 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) Describe the French occupation of the Ruhr.

1 August 1935.but the significant thing is that the Powers have promised to make it work.[8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… .and then answer the questions which follow.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer.security will end.[8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Describe the attacks that Japan made on China in the 1930s. What was the Hoare-Laval Pact?[5 ] Why was the conquest of Abyssinia by Italy not prevented by the League of Nations?[7 ] (c) To what extent can the outbreak of war in 1939 be blamed upon the failure of the League of Nations?Explain your answer. We are witnessing one of the great miracles of history. A British MP speaking in Parliament.in the short space of ten years. Mankind has. If one dictator cannot be stopped from attacking Abyssinia.If the League of Nations fails to prevent war.Memel and Austria.nothing can stop another dictator from attacking Lithuania.[8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the extract.but for France and Czechoslovakia as well. The League may be a difficult scheme to work. From a speech made in 1930.………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the extract and then answer the questions which follow.not only for the small nations. Describe two successes the League of Nations had in the 1920s in solving disputes.[5 ] Why was Italy able to defeat the Abyssinians?[7 ] (c) How important for events in Europe were Hitler ’s pacts with Italy and Japan? Explain your answer.[5 ] Why was the League of Nations quite successful in the first ten years of its existence?[7 ] (c) ‘The good work of the League was destroyed by the Depression of the 1930s.jumped from the old order to the new.

’ ‘By maintaining the peace settlement. From the Covenant of the League of Nations.’ ‘Imposing economic sanctions. Article 16: Should any member of the League resort to war.’ ‘Through the use of collective security.Study the extract.g.g. and this will end immediately all trade and financial relations with that member.’ ‘Through the encouragement of nations to disarm.’ ‘By co-operation.’ ‘By ending trade and financial relations. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) How did the League of Nations hope to prevent future wars between nations? Level 1 General answer 1-2 e. How did the League of Nations hope to prevent future wars between nations? [5] Why did the League of Nations fail to restrict the aggression of Japan in the 1930s? [7] (c) How far was the League of Nations a failure? Explain your answer.’ ‘Apply sanctions. it shall be regarded as having committed an act of war against all other members of the League. ‘By dealing with the problem.’ (b) Why did the League of Nations fail to restrict the aggression of Japan in .’ ‘By condemning an aggressor – so they felt guilty and backed down. ‘By giving all members equal voting rights.’ ‘By getting the quarrelling members to talk about their problems. and then answer the questions which follow.’ (Source) Level 2 Describes ways 2-5 e. [8] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) What was the Hoare-Laval Pact? (b) Why was the conquest of Abyssinia by Italy not prevented by the League of Nations? (c) To what extent can the outbreak of war in 1939 be blamed upon the failure of the League of Nations? Explain your answer.

These should be credited.g.’ ‘It was not prepared to take action.’ ‘It was successful in getting refugees back home. ‘Japan ignored the League.g.’ ‘It was a failure because the Second World War started. such as oil. e. ‘Japan was a powerful nation and was determined to ignore the League. ‘It did not have the strength.’ ‘Members were unwilling to impose economic sanctions as the Depression was already damaging world trade.’ ‘It instigated an investigation (Lytton) which took over a year to complete by which time the invasion was complete. This made economic sanctions ineffective in for .’ ‘It was a failure because it was weak.g.the 1930s? Level 1 General answer 1 e.’ ‘Japan refused to hand back Manchuria and left the League.g.’ ‘It failed because they had to introduce other treaties and pacts.’ ‘It had success in 1920/1 over minor disputes.’ (2 marks) Level 3 Explains why 4-7 e. and thus allowed Italian aggression.’ ‘Unwilling to impose economic or military sanctions.’ ‘It was a failure because it was not powerful enough as America was not a member.’ Level 3 Explains failure OR success 3-6 Level 4 Explains failure AND success 5-7 Candidates may well use specific incidents to explain failure (or success).’ ‘It was a failure because it failed to get disarmament.’ ‘China was weak and some members of the League welcomed the imposition of order. Level 1 Unsupported assertions 1 e.’ ‘Asia was a long way away and not seen as vital to the countries in Europe.’ ‘The investigation took too long. ‘It was not a failure in the 1920s. The League was powerless.’ Level 2 Identifies why 2-4 e. ‘The League was a failure over Abyssinia as it failed to imposed appropriate meaningful sanctions.’ Level 2 Identifies impact 2-3 e.’ ‘It was affected by the Great Depression.g.’ ‘It was too far away. ‘It failed because it did nothing about Manchuria or Abyssinia.’ (c) How far was the League of Nations a failure? Explain your answer.’ ‘The Powers were unwilling to impose military action for fear of Japanese attacks on Far East colonies.’ ‘It was thought that Japan had legitimate economic interests in Manchuria. improving working conditions and health.g.

’ ‘The League failed in the 1920s to bring about disarmament with the Washington Conference being as close as it came.’ ‘Countries such as Britain and France were reluctant to act unless their own interests were threatened as in Manchuria.example Abyssinia. It freed large numbers of slaves in Sierra Leone.’ ‘The League successfully dealt with refugees in Turkey and work to defeat leprosy.’ ‘Its work had to be assisted by the Locarno Treaties which resolved left over problems from the war and the Kellogg-Briand Pact that encouraged the settlement of disputes by peaceful means. .’ Level 5 Explains and evaluates ‘how far’ 8 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Describe how peace treaties affected France (b) Explain why some countries viewed setting up the LoN with suspicion (c) Did the structural weaknesses of the League cause it’s failure ? Explain your answer. Causes of World War 2 Study the extract.’ ‘The impact of the Depression was great and encouraged countries to look after themselves such as Germany and the growth of the Nazis.’ ‘The successes of the League came in the 1920s when it dealt successfully with minor disputes over the Aaland Islands and in Upper Silesia. and then answer the questions which follow.’ ‘The league was a failure as it allowed countries such as Germany to rearm and this resulted in the Second World War.

31 March 1939. His Majesty’s Government would feel themselves bound at once to lend the Polish Government all support in their power. When Hitler came to power. [8] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the photograph. what did he hope to achieve in foreign policy? [5] Why did Britain go to war over Poland in 1939? (c) [7] How far was the Treaty of Versailles to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939? Explain your answer.I now have to inform the House that in the event of any action which clearly threatened Polish independence and which the Polish Government accordingly considered it vital to resist with their armed forces. They have given the Polish Government an assurance to this effect. and then answer the questions which follow. German people in the Saar celebrating the results of the 1935 plebiscite. How did the 1935 plebiscite change the situation in the Saar? [5] Explain why Hitler wanted the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939. [7] (c) ‘The policy of appeasement was justified. British Prime Minister Chamberlain speaking in the House of Commons. [8] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) When Hitler came to power. what did he hope to achieve in foreign policy? (b) Why did Britain go to war over Poland in 1939? (c) How far was the Treaty of Versailles to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939? Explain your answer .’ How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.

Do you agree ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) (b) (c) Describe the Munich agreement Explain why Nazi-Soviet pact was important WWII was caused by British-French mistakes in 1938-39. . Do you agree ? Weimar and Nazi Germany (a) (b) (c) Describe the Munich Putsch.………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) Describe the way Hitler broke Treaty of Versailles from 1933 to end of 1938 (b) Explain why UK and France followed policy of appeasement Evaluate the view that ‘Hitler was a gambler rather than a planner’ in foreign affairs. Why did support for the Nazis increase after the Wall Street Crash of 1929? How important was the ‘Night of the Long Knives’ in establishing Hitler in power in 1933-34? Explain your answer. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Describe the events leading to Anschluss Explain why Britain and France allowed Anschluss (c) Hitler’s policies towards Austria and Czechoslovakia were a complete success.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) (b) (c) Describe the use of propaganda by Hitler to control the German people. [5] Why did the support for the Nazis increase after the Wall Street Crash of 1929? [7] (c) How important was the ‘Night of the Long Knives’ in establishing Hitler in power in 1933–34? Explain your answer. Describe the use of propaganda by Hitler to control the German people. and then answer the questions which follow. It says ‘We want work and bread.1919 –20 . [5] .[5 ] Why were there so many uprisings and disturbances in Germany in the years 1919 – 22? [7 ] How far was Germany ’s treatment in the Versailles peace settlement unfair? Explain your answer. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Photo of a Freikorps unit in Munich. and then answer the questions which follow. [8] Study the picture of crowds at the 1936 Nazi Party rally in Nuremberg. May 1919. Describe the Munich Putsch. A 1932 election poster. [8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9 Study the poster. Why was it important to win the hearts and minds of young people? How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer. (a) (b) (c) Describe the activities of the Freikorps in Germany. Elect Hitler’.

An acquaintance of mine. [8] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the extract. or offends the honour and dignity of Germany’. a clergyman.and then answer the questions which follow. My daily salary.Marriages between Jews and nationals of German or similar blood are forbidden.September 1935. They had to keep out of their newspapers ‘anything which in any manner is misleading to the public. The Reich Press Law of 4 October 1933 ordered that all editors had to be German citizens. Describe the effects of the hyperinflation of 1923 on the lives of German people. and then answer the questions which follow. and then answer the questions which follow. tends to weaken the strength of the German Reich. he could only afford to buy a cup of coffee. As soon as I received my salary. I rushed out to buy the daily necessities. . A Jew may not be a citizen of the Reich. of Aryan descent. The recollections of a woman who lived in Berlin during 1923.He may not fill public office. [8] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the extract. By the time he arrived. Extract from the Nuremberg Laws. was just enough to buy one loaf of bread and a small piece of cheese. as editor of a magazine.He has no vote.Why was it important to win the hearts and minds of young people? [7] (c) How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer. came to Berlin from a suburb with his monthly salary to buy a pair of shoes for his baby. [8] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the extract. [5] Why did France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr in 1923? [7] (c) How far did Stresemann restore pride and prosperity to Germany? Explain your answer. and not married to a Jew. What was the Enabling Law of March 1933? [5] Why did Hitler seek to control all forms of the media? [7] (c) How far had Hitler’s policies gained the support of the German people by 1939? Explain your answer.

[8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… . I want now to fulfil the vow which I made to myself five years ago when I was in a military hospital: to know neither rest nor peace until the November criminals had been overthrown and until. Hitler speaking at the Munich beer-hall meeting before the putsch of 1923.3 million 1934:3.[5 ] Why did the Nazis want to change and control women ’s roles?[7 ] (c) How successful were Nazi policies towards young people?Explain your answer.[8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the extract and then answer the questions which follow.on the ruins of the wretched Germany of today.Describe the treatment of the Jews in Nazi Germany from 1935.9 million 1935:5.of freedom and splendour. (i)Numbers of 10 –18 year olds in Hitler Youth organisations (boys and girls) 1933:2.’ Describe the activities of the Hitler Youth organisations. Describe the Munich Putsch of 1923.did Hitler rule Germany by oppression or by popular support? Explain your answer.[8 ] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Study the extracts and then answer the questions which follow.[5 ] Why were the Jews persecuted by the Nazis?[7 ] (c) By the end of the 1930s.9 million 1936:7.[5 ] Why did the Nazi Party make little progress in Germany before 1930?[7 ] (c) Did the election results of 1930 –33 prove that the people of Germany supported Hitler ’s ideas and policies? Explain your answer.there should have arisen once more a Germany of power and greatness.3 million (ii)Goebbels ’ view of the place of women in the German Reich was ‘Woman has the task of being beautiful and bringing children into the world.

Why did the Nazis want to change and control women's roles? How successful were Nazi policies towards young people? Explain your answer. (a) Describe the Munich Putsch. (b) Why did support for the Nazis increase after the Wall Street Crash of 1929? . Why was it important to win the hearts and minds of young people? How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… (a) (b) (c) Describe the use of propaganda by Hitler to control the German people.(a) (b) (c) Describe the activities of the Hitler Youth organisations.

’ ‘Hitler won full control in the March 1933 elections. Papen persuaded Hindenburg to invite Hitler to become Chancellor despite only three Nazis being in the government.(c) How important was the ‘Night of the Long Knives’ in establishing Hitler in power in 1933-34? Explain your answer.’ Level 5 Explains opposition and evaluates ‘how important’ 8 . On 30th June 1934 Hitler arrested Rohm and other leaders using the SS.’ ‘He introduced the Enabling Act in March 1933 which gave him power to pass laws without the consent of the Reichstag.’ ‘Following this Act Hitler closed down the state parliaments and appointed Nazis as state governors.’ ‘In August 1934 Hindenburg died and Hitler used the opportunity to declare himself Fuhrer of Germany. He used the SA to intimidate opponents.’ ‘The Nazi party gained control. To do this he banned the communist party and shut down their newspapers. He had removed his rivals and tightened his control.g.’ Level 2 Identifies path to dictatorship 2-3 e.g. as after he had tighter control. Lubbe was arrested and found guilty. ‘Very.g.’ Hindenburg passed an emergency decree to suspend all the articles in the constitution that guaranteed personal liberty. ‘Rohm was a challenge to Hitler. They were taken to Munich and shot. ‘Rohm was a potential rival to Hitler. Level 1 Unsupported assertions 1 e. This was on 30th January 1933’ ‘On 27th February the Reichstag was set on fire.’ ‘Hitler was concerned about the SA.’ ‘The Enabling Act was passed.’ ‘It eliminated opposition. Strasser and von Schleicher were arrested. He arrested trade union leaders and merged the unions into a “German Labour Front” and made a law that the only political party was the Nazi Party.’ ‘Hitler became Chancellor. He was a leading member of the SA.’ Level 3 Explains importance OR other reasons 3-5 Level 4 Explains importance AND other reasons 5-7 e.’ ‘Over the next few days other leaders including Gregor Strasser were arrested and shot.’ ‘On the night of the fire 4000 leading communists were arrested and imprisoned and used the fire to intensify anti-communist hysteria. Hitler used this as evidence of a communist plot.’ ‘On behalf of Hitler.’ ‘Rohm.

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