BentleyR MXROAD 2004 Edition

Introduction
DAA034400−1/0001

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MXROAD Intr oduction

Trademarks
Trademarks Bentley, the ’B’ Bentley logo, and MircoStation are registered trademarks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or Bentley Software, Inc. MX, the MX logo, Infrasoft, Arenium and the Arenium logo are registered trademarks of Infrasoft. Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, the Acrobat logo, Distiller, Exchange and PostScript are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. AutoCAD, and AutoCAD Map are registered trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. HOOPS is a registered trademark of Tech Soft America. OpenGL is a registered trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc. NetWare® is a trademark of Novell, Inc. Internet Explorer, MDAC, Windows, Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Windows XP and True Type are registered trademarks of MicrosoftR Corporation.

Copyright
Copyright
E

2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Portions Copyright © ComponentOne, LLC 1991−2002. All Rights Reserved

DWGdirect E

2002 by OpenDWG Alliance Inc. All rights reserved..

MXROAD Intr oduction

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iv MXROAD Intr oduction .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Modifying the design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AutoCAD Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table of Contents MX Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Project Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Options in MXROAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . User Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Producing a design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assigning model defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Road Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Project Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a survey model from imported data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting a Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System Administration . . . . . . . . . Starting MX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MicroStation Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MXROAD Intr oduction 1−1 1−1 1−2 1−8 1−11 1−15 1−16 1−22 1−28 1−30 1−31 1−33 1−33 1−35 1−35 1−37 1−38 1−40 1−42 1−43 1−44 1−45 1−46 1−46 1−49 1−52 2−1 2−1 2−2 2−2 2−2 2−3 2−4 2−7 2−11 2−12 2−14 2−15 i−1 v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Producing visualizations . . . . . . MXROAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MXROAD − Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . What is String Modeling? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Import . . . . . . . . . . . . Modifying the design . . Pavement and Subgrade Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Windows Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MX Environment − Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Components . . Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MX Basics − Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intersection Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alignment Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing the working display . . . . . . . . . . Analyzing the design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a working display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard String Naming Convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surface Analysis . . Exporting data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Applications Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Table of Contents vi MXROAD Intr oduction .

1 MX Basics MX Basics − Overview This section gives an overview of MX and describes the basic principles of operation. Windows. This section covers the following topics: S S S S S S S S S What is string modeling? The MX environments − Windows. the concepts of string modeling are given together with a description of how MX data may be manipulated from any of the three MX environments. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−1 . In particular. AutoCAD and MicroStation The Applications toolbar Starting MX Starting a project Typical project sequence Using the on−line help and tutorials System administration User support The next section deals with the options specific to MXROAD. AutoCAD or MicroStation. An overview of each MX option is also provided in a typical project sequence.

Survey Alignment Isopachyte Triangulation Survey Stations Existing Ground Design Boundary Triangulation Sections Drainage Contours Visualization Figure 1 − The model file 1−2 MXROAD Intr oduction . These strings are used to represent physical features. The model file and models The illustration below shows the content of a typical model file for a project. For example. each storing a specific set of data. Generally. Models are stored in a model file and contain strings which are made up of 3D coordinate points (X.1 MX Basics What is String Modeling? What is String Modeling? In any project. There is only one model file for each project. strings and points to store data. Each model can be thought of as a separate surface. MX uses a simple hierarchy of models. Y. one model may contain survey data while the other is used for the proposed design. but many models can coexist within the model file. all project data is stored in a single folder on your PC. Z) linked together.

elevations are linearly interpolated to the point at which the section line intersects the string link. Volume strings generally contain earthwork volumes. for example. or another attribute such as the bearing at the point. followed by the offset of the point from the reference string. or design features such as a roadway edge or back of unpaved shoulder. Section strings represent cross−sections. profiles or baseline sections (profiles taken along a straight baseline). followed by the station along the string.Y and Z co−ordinates and the name of the station.Y and Z coordinates. Contour strings represent contours. particularly when sectioning or triangulating. A point string records the X. Y or Z coordinate. followed by the offset and bearing of a line normal to the line used to generate the string (called the reference line). but there is no physical continuity from item to item.Y and Z co−ordinates of a set of like items. MX processes these strings differently from other strings.Y and Z coordinates. and the radius of curvature. Point strings represent discrete items such as manholes and lamp columns. and the name of the string that was cut to produce the section. The S S S S S S S MXROAD Intr oduction 1−3 . The dimensions of each station are the X. Feature strings define either linear ground features such as a ridge or the base of a hill. The first three dimensions of each point are the X. Earthwork strings represent the outer limits of embankments and cuttings. each joined to its predecessor and successor by a straight or curve−fitted line. With cross−sections. These are all 5D strings. This is referred to as a string link. the first three dimensions of each point are the X. so a contour string is a 2D string.Y and Z co−ordinates of the point. the bearing of the string at that point. The dimensions of each point in the string are the X. The elevation of the contour (the Z value) is only stored once because it is common to all string points. These are 5D strings. When MX creates section strings. Master strings are used to represent road or railroad alignment center lines and other master design lines. MX recognizes many types of string: S Station strings link survey instrument stations. They are 6D strings. These are 10D strings and are used to store volumes calculated between successive sections. so a feature string is a 3D string. The first three dimensions of each point in the string are the X. there is no string link. The dimensions of each point are the X and Y co−ordinates.Y and Z co−ordinates. Point strings generally record detail in survey models. where a dimension is simply a piece of data such as an X.MX Basics What is String Modeling? Strings and string links All MX data is held as strings. ie. A string is a series of points. Strings in MX have dimensions at each point. so a station string is a 4D string.

b. The remaining dimensions record cumulative balances for various strata. For example: S S S On a contour. Y and Z. and radius of curvature (ch. Text strings are multi−dimensional strings that hold character information for naming items in drawings. a point is held as a set of dimensions that are associated with each other. Y and Z are used. though since this information is not always available. X. On a road center line. 1234. The following illustration shows the dimensions of points on contour. the first three dimensions of each point are the X. Adjacent triangle information is also stored to optimize the display and analysis of a triangulated surface. and subsequent dimensions contain the characters themselves. to define geometry. S S All strings must have a four−character name. The Z value is stored only once because it is common to all the points in the string. The third dimension specifies the height of the characters when plotted. These are 10D strings. a point is just two dimensions X and Y. otherwise they are zero. Each point has a set of coordinates and may also have other information. depending on the information needed to record in addition to its position. Along a ridge or a curb line. A point can have any number of dimensions between 2 and 15. ABCD. followed by the station and the accumulated mass−haul balance at that station. three dimensions X. bearing. rad). where these are known. these dimensions are often zero. station. and XA45 are valid examples.Y and Z coordinates. These conventions are stored in feature sets. for example. there are six dimensions. The fourth dimension is the bearing of the baseline of the characters. 1−4 MXROAD Intr oduction . The remaining dimensions record volumes between the various strata. Points Within a string. which are described in more detail later. Some string types such as cross section strings only require a single character − MX automatically allocates the remainder. followed by the station and the volume between the sections of two specified models (usually ground and design models). but cannot include spaces or special characters. ridge and road center line strings. MX always includes string links when triangulating. Triangulation strings contain a lattice of links between 3D triangle vertices.1 MX Basics What is String Modeling? first three dimensions of each point are the X. though MX uses a convention for names to indicate the type of the string. The first two dimensions of each point are the X and Y coordinates of the start of the text.Y and Z coordinates. S Mass−haul strings contain accumulated mass−haul balances along a road design.

The number always remains relative to the start of the string. z) (x. y) (x. before after CASI CASI CASI gap Figure 3 − Gaps in strings MXROAD Intr oduction 1−5 . b. so if a string has 24 points and point 12 is deleted. y. with a common name. In this case. to create a break or gate in a fence. y. Discontinuities There are two types of discontinuity used in MX. z) (x. a discontinuity between points on a string. z) (x. for instance. Gaps It may be that one or more gaps or discontinuities in a string are required. which indicates an instantaneous change of direction at a point. This technique avoids a profusion or duplication of strings and difficulties in names. and so on to the last point. to address and retrieve individual points. the old point 13 becomes point 12. y. y. so creating a gap. y) (x. rad) (x. y) Figure 2 − String points Point numbers Strings consist of sequences of points and. z. MX assigns each point a number relative to the start of the string.MX Basics What is String Modeling? (x. ch. MX creates a string as a series of part sections of the same string. and a discontinuity of bearing.

Because. Default feature sets are provided with the software. Null elevations are also useful when recording feature strings for objects such as hedges and fences. The strings belonging to a feature set are specified using a partial string name. and the elevations are added later in vertical alignment design. such as in estate roads where curbs often turn through 90 degrees. master alignment strings are created without elevations. 1−6 MXROAD Intr oduction . Different style sets are used to draw different types of model. As an example. MX assigns a null elevation of −999. In this way MX is able to register the presence of a elevation while ignoring its value.1 MX Basics What is String Modeling? Bearing discontinuities These are used to mark a change in direction within a string.0 to every point on the string. Different models can have different feature sets. you can associate a feature set with the model using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults. Null elevations In horizontal alignment design. Many style sets are provided with MX and you may add your own style sets if you wish. MX automatically assigns null elevations to create a 3D string. Null levels are ignored when creating a triangulation of a surface. Again. the horizontal alignment is defined as a 6D master alignment string. They are used throughout MX to make it easier for you to select strings for subsequent operations. Style sets A style set is a collection of styles which is used to draw a complete model or a selected part of it. This sets up a string naming convention for the model. Feature sets Feature sets are a means of grouping strings and identifying them with a description. a design feature set might include the following: Feature Road Center Line Carriageway (Edge) Carriageway (Top of Curb) Shoulders (Edge) Shoulders (Unpaved shoulder) Partial Name MC?? CE?? CT?? ES?? EV?? String Type Master Feature Feature Feature Feature When a model is created. where elevations are often not required.

It may be switched on or off on a per project basis from the message box which appears when you start a new project. there is a style set to draw a complete contour model with all contours drawn as solid lines and curve fitted. Standard string naming convention A standard string naming convention has been introduced to allow you to take full advantage of the power and flexibility of feature sets and style sets.MX Basics What is String Modeling? For example. Prominent contours are also drawn for every 5 normal contours with the contour height embedded in the contour line. they are closely associated with feature sets and by convention are given the same name as the feature set with which they are associated. or from the System Parameters tab on the Project Settings panel.pss for the design model.fns and MXROAD. such as when you display or create a string. the alignment with station annotation and the vertical intersection points with their associated elevations and grades. you must use the standard string naming convention. or on the model name field of the MX Toolbox. an application developed for highway design. It uses the feature and style sets MXROAD. You can also make these assignments automatically if you use a standard model naming convention. Another style set draws a plan view of a road design model with different line styles for each feature type. If you have purchased MXROAD. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−7 . Another way to assign model defaults is to click the right hand mouse button in any model name field on a panel. Once these defaults have been set up. For this reason. Model defaults You can specify which feature set and which style set to associate with a model when you create it. they are automatically used for every relevant option. You can also specify these defaults for an existing model using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults. Style sets rely heavily on the string naming convention used for a model.

MicroStation. changes to the drawing are also passed on to the model file where appropriate. similar options and panels are available from an MX menu which is added to the AutoCAD or MicroStation menu bar. Data interoperability and drawings Whichever environment you are using. Windows AutoCAD MicroStation Figure 4 − MX Environments When running under Windows. you have access to both the MX options and the standard CAD options at the same time. but in the background it is constantly updating a working display or drawing page file. When running in either of the other two CAD environments. for example. In this way. However. presented in the usual way as a series of menus and panels. Whichever environment you are using. In this way. Windows. for example. the MX drawings created may be opened and edited in any MX environment. MX uses its own built−in frame and user interface. when you are running in a CAD environment. MX addresses this difference by presenting you with a DGN or DWG file. 1−8 MXROAD Intr oduction . AutoCAD and MicroStation.1 MX Basics MX Environment − Overview MX Environment − Overview MX can run in any of three environments. MX creates working displays (DPWs) or drawing page files (DPFs) to store the MX graphical elements you create from the model file data. The name of the working display or drawing page file corresponds to your current CAD drawing file. AutoCAD. although you are using MX in one environment. MicroStation uses DGN files and AutoCAD uses DWG files.

and edit model data to design the project. there is a fundamental difference between a DPW and a DPF. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−9 . the only operation available is the addition of lines and text (enhancements).MX Basics MX Environment − Overview In MX. and it is at this point that a DPF is created. but does not let you edit the model data. This file also displays the MX graphics. paged drawings are needed. Once the design is complete. A DPW is an elastic area that grows to accommodate changes to the graphics it holds. and so lets you create. assess.

1 MX Basics MX Environment − Overview MX Data Model file DPW or DPF MX Environment Windows User Interface AutoCAD or MicroS tation DWG or DGN CAD−only layers/levels MX layers/levels User Interface Figure 5 − MX data interoperability 1−10 MXROAD Intr oduction .

the MX cursor − used when specifying MX options MXROAD Intr oduction 1−11 . experimentation will quickly make you proficient. and that Cancel provides an escape route. they do however provide enough information to begin with. For example if a string name is to be entered in a panel field. Given that all data critical operations require confirmation before they are carried out. For example. move the cursor over the string on the display and click the left−hand button. the left−hand mouse button selects the data under the position of the cursor. the CAD cursor − used when specifying CAD commands in AutoCAD or MicroStation. display lists. By default. and these are described in the following paragraphs. although there is no substitute for trying for yourself. toolbars and menus. if you click in an XY field on a panel to provide focus. Simple clicking selects items from a list. the data input panels. and then click the right hand button the Point Selection Method (PSM) options appropriate to that field are listed. Save and Browse are just as valid in MX. Essentially. This means that many of the operations you have learned in other Windows software. such as Open.MX Basics Common Components Common Components Many components of the MX interface are common to all environments. these are as follows: the Windows cursor − used in panels and for manipulating Windows. What’s This Help is then automatically displayed. The mouse The mouse is used to interact with the display. You can also click and hold the left−hand button to expand menus. The following sections do not provide all the answers about how to work with MX. You can also press the F1 key. The MX user interface is Windows compliant. Click the PSM you require to reposition the tick (√) marking the current method. The right hand mouse button presents available options. Much MX−specific information is provided as Help and there are many books written about working in the Windows environment. Three types of cursor are used in MX to help you recognize the type of input the program is expecting. Help is obtained for an item on a panel by clicking the question mark icon on the panel header and dragging it onto the item in question. increment values using spinners and so on.

they are marked by _ and activated by using ALT + the character key. A Wizard is a simple means of guiding you through a complex process. making sure that you provide all the information necessary to complete the task. you can have more than one MX panel open at any one time. each providing access to one or more MX options. Some panels are arranged to appear in sequence. this sequence is known as a Wizard. in most cases. Shortcut keys are available. For example. The panel header bar and the title Design a String: Intersection of Two Slopes defines the function of the panel. You will find that. Panels There are many panels.1 MX Basics Common Components The keyboard The keyboard is used for entering data into a field or working in the MX Linemode panel. The panel below is typical and shows the key elements. 1−12 MXROAD Intr oduction . use ALT F to gain access to the File menu. for which explanations follow. Figure 6 − Typical panel layout 1.

10. Clicking the list button will give you a list of models. Analysis. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−13 . 4. If you wish. and click again. the highlight moves. 7. Design. 3. 11. Clicking this button will dismiss the panel without completing the function. the MX menu changes to reveal all the MX options which are available to you. On this particular panel changing the option will gray out some of the other data fields as they are not relevant for the selected option. You may find some options are grayed out in the menus. Draw. What’s This help tells you how to complete the data field. quoting the panel id to your MX support engineer will help locate where you are and what you are trying to do. MX appears as a separate entry on the AutoCAD or MicroStation menu bar. Click either the up or down arrow button to define the direction of the slope. To find out more about any of the panel data requirements click the ? button. 9. use one of these three buttons. You will quickly learn which options are available from each of the pull down menus. subsequent tabs and their fields are optional. OK completes the function with the data you have supplied and then dismisses the panel. Visualize. the one with the black center is the one currently selected. These tabs allow you to get at all the data fields for the option. If ever you have a problem. Modify. Cancel dismisses the panel. In the CAD environments. and provides other essential information. but a click on each will display the menu content. Click in the check box to apply normal offset. As you run the cursor down the list. What’s This help will be displayed. Apply completes the function with the data you have supplied and keeps the panel displayed. This may be because they are not installed. MX menu bar The standard MX menu or menu bar choices are File. Rather than using 3. Display. Add−Ins and Help. place it on the text about which you need to know more. Radio buttons permit you to select one of a number of choices. and clicking transfers your selection to the data field. Click and hold the up or down spinner to increment the value in the data field. you can display the MX options as an alternative menu bar to the CAD menu bar by selecting MX ⇒ MX Menu. 5. This will change the text beside the data field beneath. Report. Tools. Once a project is opened. you are not licensed to use them or they are not suitable for use at that particular moment. strings or options from which to choose. as the value to be entered into the field changes. The panel id. View. 8. 6.MX Basics Common Components 2. The left or top tab contains all the mandatory fields. and need more information than the help gives.

the data can be re−formatted. such as missing a mandatory data field. The MX output window The MX output window shows the commands sent to the MX engine to carry out your instructions throughout your MX session. Once there. rest the cursor on it to display its tool tip. It is not necessary to understand these commands. a message box will be displayed. You will have to acknowledge the message by clicking the OK button. Generally. AutoCAD output and command prompts are displayed in the AutoCAD text window. The window also displays errors and warnings. You will have to click OK to dismiss the message before you can re−apply focus to the panel field requiring correction. if you have made a mistake. or turn them off using the MX option View ⇒ Toolbars. Figure 7 − Plan with Tools toolbar Message boxes If you make a mistake or MX wants to communicate with you. when focus is in the AutoCAD application you can display the output window by pressing SHIFT−F2. You can also direct MX output to the AutoCAD text window from the View ⇒ Configuration panel. double−click the toolbar header. To dock or undock a toolbar. This means that you can transfer MX data to tender or contract documents. The Plan with Tools toolbar is shown below. Moving MX data to other Windows applications Using standard Windows cut and paste techniques. If an icon needs explanation. In AutoCAD. and these together with the messages and prompts may assist you in changing the option data to achieve the results you require. You can display the toolbars so that they are docked to the frame. 1−14 MXROAD Intr oduction . the message will tell you what’s wrong and how to correct the error. and present it in any way you choose. tabulated into columns or totally reorganized using standard word processing options. or simply by opening MX data files in editor applications you can transfer MX data to any other Windows compliant application.1 MX Basics Common Components Toolbars There are a number of MX toolbars which provide shortcuts to the MX options. but they can be decoded using the Linemode Reference Help. which you can access by pressing the F2 key. you can move toolbars to different screen locations.

When you start a new project.MX Basics Windows Environment Windows Environment MX in Windows runs within a frame. two windows are displayed within the MX frame. Figure 8 − The MX frame You can only have one drawing open at any time. but has other windows within the frame. the display window and the output window. The output window is docked within the frame. showing different views of the drawing. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−15 . but within the MX frame you can create additional viewports. and can be detached and moved to any location.

you can create a DWG file containing both MX layers and layers which contain only AutoCAD data. The MX toolbar controls which model an object is added to when it is drawn. As with standard AutoCAD. some or all of the layers in the DWG file contain data which is linked to the MX model file via an MX drawing file. In this way.1 MX Basics AutoCAD Environment AutoCAD Environment MX runs within AutoCAD. the MX Controls toolbar at the foot of the graphics window and the MX toolbar. the only obvious changes from standard AutoCAD are that there is an extra MX menu and two extra toolbars. and which type of feature is created. Figure 9 − The AutoCAD frame 1−16 MXROAD Intr oduction . so that when you start the program. but with MX in AutoCAD. the display reflects the contents of the DWG file.

all strings which represent a survey are stored in a survey model. in which MX model any new strings will be created.MX Basics AutoCAD Environment MX strings in AutoCAD You can use either MX options or AutoCAD commands to create and draw MX model information such as strings in an AutoCAD DWG file. or it can represent a non−physical feature such as a contour. Custom objects can also be exploded back to equivalent AutoCAD objects and the corresponding data removed (optionally) from the model file. when you create a polyline on an active MX layer. in MX in AutoCAD you can use most of the AutoCAD Draw and Modify commands such as PLINE and MOVE to create and edit MX strings. MX in AutoCAD creates and displays an MX string custom object and a corresponding string is also written to the MX model file. It has no effect when you use MX options. such as a fence or a hedge. For example. both the MX string custom object in the drawing and the string itself (in the MX model file) are updated. MX model data is displayed on layers created with the same names as the features or a group of features in the model’s associated feature set. and the feature that will be created. but is created by another program (in this case. A custom object is an object such as an MX string which is not a native AutoCAD object. When you modify or delete an MX string. A string is a sequence of points which represents a physical feature. The set of features used by a model is stored in a feature set and associated with the model. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−17 . You can use layers which are not MX layers for information which is not required by MX. Using AutoCAD commands. so you can work in AutoCAD (possibly constructing objects or adding annotation) on a layer such as layer 0 and the data is not sent to the MX model file. You must associate a feature set with the model before using the MX options to ensure that the strings are correctly displayed in their relevant layers. the MX toolbar lets you know what will happen if you create a new AutoCAD object. The string is automatically given the next name in the feature set corresponding to the name of the layer. for example. and all strings which represent a proposed design are stored in a design model. The MX Toolbar The MX toolbar gives you control of the creation of MX strings when using AutoCAD commands. MX in AutoCAD). These layers are called MX layers. MX strings which are related to each other are stored in models. It tells you if you can successfully create MX strings. in that anything you draw on them can be linked to the MX model file. With no objects selected.

then when you create an AutoCAD object on an MX layer it will be automatically converted to an MX string in the currently displayed model. S To switch between automatic and manual conversion. The field lists all the features in the feature set associated with the current model. The toolbar is described in more detail in the following paragraphs. For example. Traffic Lights The traffic lights indicate whether you can create MX strings using AutoCAD commands. if you were to use an AutoCAD command on the layer Roadway_Edge and the current model’s feature set contained the feature description Roadway (Edge) then you would see a green (or amber) light and the resultant MX string would have a string name of CE??.1 MX Basics AutoCAD Environment Traffic Lights Hide Current Model Convert Object Current Model Current Feature Create New Feature Set Active Document Display Current Model with S tyle Set Figure 10 − The MX toolbar If you select an object. you click the auto−convert box at the foot of the frame. Current Feature The current feature is the feature type which is given to any MX string you create using AutoCAD options. you can hide the ground model so that only the design model is displayed. If the object is an MX string. So. This field is grayed out if you select an object which is not in the current model. If an amber light is displayed. then when you create an AutoCAD object you can manually convert it to an MX string by clicking the Convert Object button and then selecting the objects to be converted. then the model and feature of the string are displayed in the toolbar. S If a green light is displayed. Current MX Model The current MX model is the model in which MX strings will be created. the toolbar provides information about the object you select. 1−18 MXROAD Intr oduction . Show/Hide Current Model The Show/Hide Current Model icons provide a quick way to hide or redisplay all the drawn information from the model in the current model field.

Display ⇒ Plan with Style Set). the current feature list changes to reflect the feature of the object you have selected. a layer whose corresponding features do not exist in the current model. The traffic light is green in this case. just select the feature from the list. use the Convert Object icon. The object will be converted to the feature corresponding to the layer that the object is on. The auto−convert setting has no effect if you change the layer property of an object to an active MX layer. then you will find that the MX layers are automatically created for you. the object is automatically converted to an MX string. The auto−convert toggle box is located at the bottom of the MX frame. select the object to be converted to an MX string. Convert Object Button If an amber traffic light is displayed. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−19 . Auto−Convert Mode Auto−convert allows you to toggle between the automatic and manual modes of creating MX strings from AutoCAD objects. Any feature you create must have an entry in the corresponding style set so that MX knows how to draw it. The traffic light is amber in this case. To convert it manually. if the current layer is an active MX layer. when you create an AutoCAD object it is not converted to an MX string. Create New Feature The Create New Feature button allows you to add features to your feature set and to create additional AutoCAD layers from the feature set descriptions. With auto−convert on. then click this button . If you use an MX option to display an MX model (for example. it will be created on the layer associated with this feature. The auto−convert setting has no effect if you modify an MX string. You can change the feature type of an object by simply selecting the object and then selecting a feature from the list. ie. when you create an AutoCAD object it is automatically converted to an MX string. If you select an object. To create a layer corresponding to a feature. the MX model will be automatically updated. Use the Style Set Editor to modify the appropriate style set. You can create a new layer from a feature in the current feature set just by selecting the feature from the MX toolbar. if the current layer is an active MX layer. With auto−convert off.MX Basics AutoCAD Environment If you create an AutoCAD object. A red traffic light indicates a plain AutoCAD layer or an inactive MX layer. You only need to use Create New Feature if you want to create a new MX layer and feature for use with AutoCAD commands.

it is processed and the AutoCAD command prompt is replaced by an MX prompt. earthworks and drainage. but for full details. because MX in AutoCAD is expecting an MX screen selection. You can also specify where macros created by MX in AutoCAD are stored. 1−20 MXROAD Intr oduction . but MX operates on one drawing only. To review any information on the command line. A summary of the available preferences is given below. In AutoCAD. There are four tabs on the panel: S File handling S General S S Data conversion Warnings There is one additional tab on the Configuration panel. MX in AutoCAD configuration The MX in AutoCAD Configuration panel is used to configure the way in which MX interacts with AutoCAD. copied or rotated. press the F2 key to display the full AutoCAD text window. File handling The file handling settings allow you to define the AutoCAD drawing templates for creating new DWG files. MX Custom. When you select an MX option from the pulldown menus. This is because MX uses different types of strings for sections. If you then want to use an AutoCAD command. you may have more than one drawing open at any one time. and press the Esc key. with information stored in extra dimensions of the string that standard AutoCAD commands cannot maintain. will be grayed out. such as Layer and Linestyle. some AutoCAD menus. cadastre. refer to the on−line help. For details of the operation of individual AutoCAD commands. only 2D and 3D MX strings can be edited using AutoCAD commands. In general. AutoCAD grips are therefore not available for these string types.1 MX Basics AutoCAD Environment Set Active Document defines which drawing is the current MX The Set Active Document button drawing. although 6D master strings can be moved. At this stage. click in the command window or the graphics area. master alignments. which contains details of the MX options which are processed. geometry. and whether or not to leave an MX drawing open if you change the active MX drawing. It is available from both the MX View % Configuration option and from the MX tab of AutoCAD Tools ⇒ Options panel. Use SHIFT F2 to display the MX output window. refer to the on−line Help. MX and AutoCAD commands You may use either MX options or AutoCAD commands to create and edit MX strings.

MX Basics AutoCAD Environment General These settings determine whether objects are displayed according to the MX style set or the current AutoCAD line style and color settings. Warnings You can choose to display warnings when strings are modified which indicate the effects of certain operations. the curve step tolerance. the model and paper space scale factors. You can also set geometry snap tolerances to control how the geometry of an object is reconstructed from an MX string. There are several other settings which relate to how MX data is treated following certain AutoCAD operations. and define how null levels are interpreted by AutoCAD. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−21 . MX Custom These settings allow you to view line widths and enable AutoCAD geometry snaps to MX string points. and the default auto−convert setting. Data conversion The data conversion settings allow you to define how block attributes are converted. It is recommended that you leave MX in AutoCAD warnings enabled until you are familiar with MX in AutoCAD.

As with standard MicroStation. so that when you start the program. The MX Toolbox controls which model an element is added to when it is drawn. the display reflects the contents of the DGN file. Figure 11 − The MicroStation frame 1−22 MXROAD Intr oduction .1 MX Basics MicroStation Environment MicroStation Environment The MicroStation environment MX runs within MicroStation. the only obvious changes from standard MicroStation are that there is an extra MX menu. an extra panel called the MX Toolbox and an MX output window. but with MX in MicroStation. In this way. you can create a DGN file containing both MX levels and levels which contain only MicroStation data. some or all of the levels in the DGN file contain data which is linked to the MX model file via an MX drawing file. MX output. is displayed in the MX output window. such as that from commands and reports.

The string is automatically given the next name in the feature set corresponding to the name of the level. for example. MX strings which are related to each other are stored in models. These levels are known as MX levels. or it can represent a non−physical feature such as a contour. You must associate a feature set with the model before using the MX options to ensure that the strings are correctly displayed on their relevant levels.MX Basics MicroStation Environment MX strings in MicroStation You can use either MX options or MicroStation tools to create and draw MX model information such as strings in a MicroStation DGN file. A string is a sequence of points which represents a physical feature. because anything you draw on them can be linked to the MX model file. and all strings which represent a proposed design are stored in a design model. such as a fence or a hedge. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−23 . MX model data is displayed on levels created with the same names as the features or a group of features in the model’s associated feature set. when you create a SmartLine on an active MX level. so you can work in MicroStation (possibly constructing elements or adding annotation) and the data is not sent to the MX model file. You can use levels which are not MX levels for information which is not required by MX. The set of features used by a model is stored in a feature set and associated with the model. all strings which represent a survey are stored in a survey model. MX in MicroStation also creates a corresponding string in the MX model file. Using MicroStation tools.

and their feature type. in MX in MicroStation you can use many of the MicroStation tools to create and edit MX strings. The toolbox is described in more detail in the following paragraphs.1 MX Basics MicroStation Environment The MX Toolbox The MX Toolbox gives you control of the creation of MX strings when using MicroStation tools. the toolbox provides information about the element you select. then the model containing the string is displayed in the toolbox. For example. It has no effect when you use MX options. S 1−24 MXROAD Intr oduction . It also gives you control over whether the elements you draw are converted to strings automatically or whether the elements are to be converted later. the MX model in which any new strings will be created. Traffic Lights The traffic lights provide a visual indication of whether you can create MX strings using MicroStation tools. S If a green light is displayed. the MX Toolbox lets you know what will happen if you create a new MicroStation element. It tells you if you can successfully create MX strings. If an amber light is displayed. then when you create a MicroStation element on an MX level it will be automatically converted to an MX string in the currently displayed model. View/change System Parameters Locked/Unlocked Autoconvert ON/OFF Single/Multi Pick List of MX Keyins MX/MicroStation focus Traffic Lights Hide Current Model Convert Element Current Model Current Feature Create New Feature Display Current Model with S tyle Set Figure 12 − MX Toolbox and MX Controls If you select an element. then when you create a MicroStation element you can manually convert it to an MX string by clicking the Convert Element button and then selecting the elements to be converted. If the element is an MX string. With no elements selected.

the current feature is updated to reflect the feature of the element you have selected. then click this button . For example. Current MX Model The current MX model is the model in which MX strings will be created. The field lists all the features in the feature set associated with the current model.MX Basics MicroStation Environment To switch between automatic and manual conversion. The element will be converted to the MX feature corresponding to the level that the element is on. the current model is updated to reflect the model containing the element you have selected. Current Feature The current feature is the feature type which is given to any MX string you create using MicroStation tools. This feature is useful if all you have is a MicroStation drawing and you wish to create a feature set to match. it will be created on the level associated with this feature. In this way. you can hide the ground model so that only the design model is displayed. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−25 . Any feature you create must have an entry in the corresponding style set so that MX knows how to draw it. you can create a feature set having feature names derived from MicroStation level names. you click the auto−convert box on the MX Controls toolbar.. if you were to use a MicroStation tool on a level named Roadway_Edge and the current model’s feature set contained the feature description Roadway (Edge) then you would see a green (or amber) light and the resultant MX string would have a string name beginning with CE?? if this were the partial string name corresponding to the feature. select the element to be converted to an MX string. If you select an element. If you create a MicroStation element. If you select an element. Convert Element If an amber traffic light is displayed. Create Feature Set creates a feature set from all the named The Create Feature Set button MicroStation levels. So. Show/Hide Current Model The Show/Hide Current Model icons provide a quick way to hide or redisplay all the drawn information from the model in the current model field.

use the Convert Element option. earthworks and drainage. but in the background it is constantly updating a working display or drawing page file. 1−26 MXROAD Intr oduction . MX in MicroStation addresses this difference by presenting you with a DGN file. With auto−convert off. For details of the operation of individual MicroStation tools. for example. In this way. The auto−convert setting has no effect if you modify an MX string. To convert it manually. ie. With auto−convert on. when you create a MicroStation element it is automatically converted to an MX string. MX and MicroStation drawings MX creates working displays or drawing page files with a suffix of either DPW or DPF respectively. However. the MX model will be automatically updated. These files hold the MX graphics. refer to the MicroStation on−line help. geometry. if the current level is an active MX level. with information stored in extra dimensions of the string that standard MicroStation tools cannot maintain. The traffic light is green in this case. MX and MicroStation tools You may use either MX options or MicroStation tools to create and edit MX strings. when you create a MicroStation element it is not converted to an MX string. As an alternative. MicroStation uses DGN files. and can also be plotted. although you are using MX in MicroStation. The name of the working display or drawing page file corresponds to your current MicroStation DGN file. The traffic light is amber in this case. MX uses different types of strings for sections. a level whose corresponding feature is not assigned to the current model. the MX drawings created may be opened and edited in any MX environment. you could use MicroStation tentative points instead of MX Point Selection Methods. if the current level is an active MX level. Only 2D and 3D MX strings can be edited using MicroStation tools. A red traffic light indicates a standard MicroStation level (ie.1 MX Basics MicroStation Environment MX Control Point Selection Methods The Point Selection Method mode controls how points are selected from an MX option on MX strings. using MX in AutoCAD. Auto−Convert Mode Auto−convert allows you to toggle between the automatic and manual modes of creating MX strings from MicroStation elements. cadastre. a level having no interaction with MX) or an inactive MX level. master alignments.

and whether elements defining the geometry of a string are created as individual vectors and arcs or as complex chains. Options − define whether level overrides are considered. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−27 . A working display lets you create. line styles. is an elastic area that grows to accommodate changes to the graphics it holds. The DPF is therefore similar to a MicroStation sheet file. Configuration The Configuration panels are used to configure the way in which MX interacts with MicroStation. S General S S Mappings − defines how colors and line styles are mapped and how features are mapped to levels. refer to the on−line help. the default MX drawing scale and whether construction lines are stored in the MX model file. there is a fundamental difference between a working display and a drawing page. A working display. MicroStation to MX S S Mappings − defines whether cells are mapped to macro symbols or model data. and edit model data to design the project. You can also define whether information is deleted from the model file when it is erased from the drawing. This file also displays the MX graphics. line widths and macro symbols are mapped. like a DGN. and change the seed file used to create a DGN from MX data.. and it is at this point that a DPF is created. macro line styles. Options − you can choose to ignore line widths. You can also define whether MX standard point symbols are reproduced as points.MX Basics MicroStation Environment In MX. Once the design is complete. but for full details. paged drawings are needed. Convert elements − defines which settings are used when drawing elements (MX or MicroStation). Options − defines how MX null elevations are interpreted in MicroStation. the default marker size and a check box for scaling to world coordinates. the curve step tolerance. ie. the only operation available is the addition of lines and text (enhancements). MX to MicroStation S S Mappings − define how fonts. A summary of the available preferences is given below. but does not let you edit the model data. assess. 1:1.

It enables you to design three−dimensional alignments representing plain line track. Used in conjunction with MXSITE. landscape design and rehabilitation works. the MXRAIL package allows you to integrate the design of railroad associated developments. Figure 13 − The Applications toolbar MXROAD is an application developed for highway design. Parametric fitting is used to automatically generate a new profile with specified minimum overlay depth. It enables you to design three dimensional surfaces representing roads. You can also design storm and foul drainage networks. resurfacing and rehabilitation of existing roads. from preliminary analysis through to detailed design. building slabs. such as MXRAIL or MXRENEW. MXURBAN is an application for the design of road improvements in urban areas. It provides all you need for preliminary design. MXROAD requires the standard string naming convention to be in operation. industrial and residential estate design. MXRAIL is used for the design of railway alignments.1 MX Basics The Applications Toolbar The Applications Toolbar The Applications toolbar is a special toolbar which provides access to any applications you have purchased. cul−de−sacs. from overlays within the existing curb lines to full reconstruction of both the road and sidewalks. It can be applied at any stage of the design process. light railway alignments. quantities and drawings can all be produced making MXSITE a comprehensive design system. It caters for all kinds of urban rehabilitation works. You can also customize reports using the report generator and modify designs using the cross section editor. roadway widening. volumes. intersection. railroads can be interfaced with highway schemes or street−running light railroads. 1−28 MXROAD Intr oduction . railway or airport design. crossovers and complex multi−lead layouts. MXRENEW is an application for the realignment. pavement layer and subgrade design. urban redevelopment schemes and road upgrades. Used in conjunction with MXROAD. car parks and earthworks. such as depots or freight terminals. grade crossings. Sections. MXSITE is an application for the design of housing and industrial estate layouts. and intersection layouts. intersections. MXDRAINAGE is an integrated environment for the design of drainage networks for any MX project − road. and that all strings (such as alignments) created outside of MXROAD conform to the convention. cross slope tolerances and design speed. simple turnouts. superelevation.

It also acts as a project control system as it records all events and actions carried out on data. refer to the Arenium User Guide. because the final drawings are created using views of a working drawing. spirals. grades and vertical curves by transferring information from a tool tip directly to the drawing in a pre−defined style. Any annotation you add to the drawing is dynamically updated if the design changes. For further information on Arenium. You can create layouts for plans. Arenium is a technology which enables MX to be used for collaborative engineering projects over a local or wide area network or the Internet. You can annotate geometric elements such as arcs. profiles. It provides all the file management and communication facilities required for multiple users to create and complete an MX project no matter where they are located in the world. A link is provided to the Bentley Home Page on the Web. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−29 . straights. In addition. and cross sections. composite plans and profiles. MXDRAW also provides a suite of geometric annotation tools.MX Basics The Applications Toolbar MXDRAW is used to produce final drawings from working drawings in a rapid and efficient manner. any changes you make to the design are automatically reflected in the final drawings so that they are always up−to−date and ready to plot.

Once you have created and saved a project. Alternatively. such as on your desktop.mmd) and the project will be opened automatically from within MX (provided that this was the association you chose at installation time). an MX menu is loaded in the main menu bar and the MX startup panel is displayed. Once the program starts up. create a shortcut to this program and place it in a convenient location. Alternatively. These are: S Click Start ⇒ Programs ⇒ Bentley MX ⇒ MXROAD.1 Starting MX MX Basics Starting MX There are several ways of invoking MX. S S 1−30 MXROAD Intr oduction . Open the MX Program Group and double−click on the MXROAD icon. such as on your desktop. you can double−click on the project icon (. create a shortcut to this project and place it in a convenient location.

The startup panel gives you quick access to the options on the initial File menu (Windows) or MX menu (AutoCAD and MicroStation). Figure 14 − The MX menu on the MicroStation menu bar Figure 15 − Typical startup panel MXROAD Intr oduction 1−31 . as well as providing additional facilities for accessing Help and your project settings.MX Basics Starting a Project Starting a Project Creating a new project When you start MX. a startup panel is displayed.

perhaps because several people need access to the project. You are also given the opportunity to edit the default project settings as you create the project. C:\Program Files\mfw. if MX finds that there is already a model file in the folder. MX uses projects to group information which relates to a particular design scheme. You should only have one project in a folder. You should not create project folders within the MX program structure. such as the survey and design models. its location and the location of the design parameters to be used for this project. click the New Project button on the Startup panel or select New Project from the MX menu bar. archive projects using the zip/unzip facility or access the on−line Help. you can use the network project facility to copy the project temporarily to your local disk. then specify the name of your project. To create a new project. the most recently opened projects are listed at the bottom of the menu. if you are working on a project on the network. it is created for you. This gives you the opportunity to move an existing model file in to place so you can continue with a design. However. ie. the drawings and the design parameters used for the project. open an existing project. work on the project. In addition. you can create a new project. to familiarize yourself with the settings that are available. It is a good idea to look at these even if you do not think you will want to change them.1 MX Basics Starting a Project From either the startup panel or the File/MX menu. An empty model file is created in your project folder when you start a new project. then copy it back again when you have finished. If the folder you specify does not already exist. you can choose to keep it rather than overwrite it with an empty one. 1−32 MXROAD Intr oduction .

analyze and. Creating a survey model from imported data The survey model describes the existing ground and any other features which are present in the area of your proposed design.MX Basics Typical Project Sequence Typical Project Sequence The MX project sequence is a broad sequence of activities that must be followed to design any project with MX. You can either change the names of the strings in your import file to suit an existing feature set and style set. or you can create new ones (see Assigning model defaults). as any errors could have a serious impact on the proposed design. It is essential that the data describing this model is both complete and accurate. modify the new work output new work in all required forms. It is also important that the string names in the import file conform to a string naming convention used in a feature set and style set combination. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−33 . if necessary. The sequence is as follows: NTF Alignment DXF Plan with Style Set SURVEY Plan with Tools GENIO Analysis IMAGE Design Modify Sections Draw Report GENIO MIFILE Perspective Visualization Print DXF Plot SETOUT VOLUMES Import Display Design Output Export Figure 16 − Typical project sequence S S S S import existing survey data create a working display design.

select the elements and use the Convert Object/Element button on the AutoCAD MX toolbar or the MicroStation MX Toolbox to store the data in the MX model file. first open the drawing in AutoCAD or MicroStation. open your MX project. 1−34 MXROAD Intr oduction . Once you have set the layer or level names to match a feature set for a model (see Assigning model defaults below). a MicroStation DGN or a DXF file.1 MX Basics Creating a survey model from imported data The data describing the survey model can be input to MX in any of the following formats: S S S S S S S S S S S MX Input MX GENIO MX Survey General ASCII MicroStation DGN AutoCAD DXF / DWG Ordnance Survey NTF (UK only) Softdesk Alignment and DTM Autodesk LDDT Eagle Point Triangulation LandXML Figure 17 − File menu If you are running MX in AutoCAD or MicroStation. to import data from an AutoCAD DWG.

To create a new. When you have finished. but is used to display model information while a project is in progress. From a working display. Plan style sets have the file extension ’. Assigning model defaults Now that you have created the survey model. you must create them to take full advantage of the automatic features in MX. empty model. use Modify ⇒ Edit Models ⇒ Create Model. Creating a working display A working display is a plan drawing which is not divided into pages. select File ⇒ Input for any of the MX formats (eg. If you do not have a feature set or a style set which match the string naming convention you have used. copy the model file into your project folder and then restart MX. otherwise you will need to create a plan working display. you can create plan drawings with the scale and page layout you require at any stage in a project using the Draw options. Figure 18 − Tools menu To create a new style set. If you already have a model file and wish to use the models in MX. the survey model will be created and drawn on the screen.pss’. If the imported file contains drawing information. save the style set with a different name. Feature sets have the file extension ’. you should exit MX. A corresponding feature set is automatically created. GENIO) or File ⇒ Import for the external formats. use Tools ⇒ Style Set Editor to open a similar style set. you can set up model defaults by associating a feature set and a style set with it using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults. There are several options which are used in association with a working display.fns’.MX Basics Assigning model defaults To import data in ASCII file format. See Creating a working display for details. These are accessed from the Display menu: Figure 19 − Display Menu MXROAD Intr oduction 1−35 .

The Styles Toolbar can also be used to change the style and color of features which have already been drawn. The styles used by the Plan with Tools options. You can either add the image directly or drape the image over a triangulation giving a relief effect. line style etc. but are accessed from the Styles Toolbar. Plan with Tools provides a series of individual display options which may be used to display and annotate features. are not stored in style sets. 1−36 MXROAD Intr oduction . Use Tools ⇒ Style Set Editor to browse. No model information is deleted. You can display the Styles Toolbar by selecting View % Toolbars % Styles Toolbar.1 MX Basics Creating a working display Plan with Style Set is a quick and simple method of displaying information from one or more models in a predefined style. such as line color. You can then draw over the image using the other Display options. They may be used either instead of or in combination with Plan with Style Set.pss which can be used for displaying survey models. and a style set is used to interpret each feature and display it on the screen with any associated annotation. Erase Display erases the contents of the working display. Raster is used to add an image as a background to your model. A complete list of supported image formats is provided in the on−line Help. there is a default style set MfW Simple Survey. for example. create or modify style sets. Many standard style sets are provided with MX and you should experiment with them to decide whether you can use them directly or whether you need to modify them to suit your own requirements. Each style set is associated with a feature set to ensure that all features in the feature set are drawn appropriately. such as an aerial photograph or map data. You specify the features to be drawn (or all the features). Different style sets are required for different types of model.

This is a powerful tool for manipulating and drawing MX model data using commands typed in from the keyboard or processed from an input file. MXRENEW. it is still present in the model file. you can use the View menu options and the native zoom facilities to examine the survey model in more detail. such as the distance between two points. Although information may be hidden on the display. or use the Shift F2 key. you can set the panel position so that panels are always displayed at the top left of the screen. the Applications toolbar is used to launch the additional applications MXROAD. The Toolbars option is used to switch toolbars on and off. In particular. Toolbars provide rapid access to many of the menu options. For example. You can temporarily or permanently remove information from the working display using Show/Hide Graphics. Panel Position sets the default position of panels on your screen. Linemode provides access to the MX command language (not available in MX Standard). The Output Window is used to display reported information and the commands which are sent to MX. Preferences are used to configure various settings. you can hide spot elevations while you are working on the design. for example.MX Basics Viewing the working display Viewing the working display Once you have a working display on your screen. such as the display of tool tips and the startup panel. MXSITE. or information about a point. Use this option to hide or display the window. Figure 20 − View menu Status is an interactive tool for providing information from the display. MXRAIL and MXDRAW. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−37 .

manipulation and modification tools to create and edit MX strings. you have purchased.1 MX Basics Producing a design MX Toolbar (AutoCAD) or MX Toolbox (MicroStation) gives you control of the creation of MX strings when using CAD commands. The design options are located on the Design menu: Figure 21 − Design menu Some of the options in this menu may be grayed−out dependent on which applications such as MXROAD. For example. Configuration is used to configure the way in which MX interacts with AutoCAD or MicroStation. Producing a design With the survey model in place. MXRAIL or MXRENEW. you can now begin to create your design. You may also find some of the Modify options useful in the course of your design. 1−38 MXROAD Intr oduction . in MX in MicroStation you can use most of the MicroStation placement. It has no effect when you use MX options. You can also correct any discrepancies you find in the model using the Report and Modify options.

The different options allow you to specify different information to create the strings. you can do the vertical design. for a highway project. non−tangential alignments can be created for the design of car parks. the Wizard has access to a library of earthwork styles such as simple slope and slope/bench combination styles.MX Basics Producing a design Alignment is used to create the master string on which the rest of your design is based. ie. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−39 . In all three methods. the master string and its associated geometry string which describes the geometry of the alignment. add elevations to the alignment. a profile of the ground from the survey model is displayed so you can see where to position the alignment. design and display parameters govern the properties of the curves and how they are displayed on the screen. ie. The Earthworks Wizard is used to create earthworks strings. this would be a highway or railway center line or equivalent. and to assist you in specifying the elevations. either straights or circular arcs. Firstly. Finally. Additionally. The earthwork design relies on the specification of earthwork styles. To make the procedure as simple as possible. two strings are created in your design model. In addition to smooth alignments. house pads etc. which can be used immediately. shoulder) and the next available string name is automatically assigned. Design a String options are used to derive additional strings from a master string. strings which define the intersection between your design and the ground. the earthworks strings may be drawn with tadpole annotation or with slope signature strings. Once created. When the alignment is completed. These custom earthwork styles can be saved in your own library for future use. Amend a String options are similar to those described above. together with any alternative strategies to be used when certain criteria are met. Intersection Point (PI) or Spline. The lines joining these points are tangential to the curves which connect the straight elements. in Alignment. except that they amend existing strings rather than create new ones. Feature sets are particularly useful here as you can select the type of feature you want (eg. typically. Element. Again. typically. connected by spiral curves as required. these would be strings such as roadway edge or hard shoulder strings. Once the horizontal design is in place. you create your alignment horizontally using any of the available methods. for example. Spirals can also be included if required. These strategies determine the shape of the earthworks slope in particular situations. you can specify a horizontal and a vertical offset from the master string. The PI method produces the same end result but allows you to construct the alignment by entering a series of intersection points. The Element method allows you to construct an alignment from a series of elements. you can create your own custom earthworks styles specific to the current design or your national design rules. three methods are available to you. the Spline method allows you to specify a series of points through which a cubic spline curve is fitted. or a horizontal offset and a cross slope.

Drainage proximity checking searches for a clash between manholes and selected strings. 1−40 MXROAD Intr oduction . for example. and an alternative position is offered. Data from the drainage network can be exchanged between MX and an external program which analyzes the data and calculates pipe sizes and elevations according to the layout of the network and the hydraulic constraints. Analyzing the design When you have a preliminary design. Section is used to create cross sections from a string. Total and impervious sub−catchment areas can also be calculated for each pipe in the network. If the distance between the manhole and the string is less than a specified value the clash position is displayed on screen with a warning. you can add many types of annotation and inspect the design for any errors or weaknesses. You can do this with the Analysis options: Figure 22 − Analysis menu The Triangle options create various types of triangulation. Generate ridge. The sections created are displayed in a separate viewer which can be docked to the MX frame. In the viewer.1 MX Basics Analyzing the design MXDRAINAGE creates a drainage network from manhole positions you specify by linking them with pipes. you can create a working drawing of the sections you are viewing. Once the manholes have been linked. then triangulation is the process of applying a skin over the frame. A triangulation is a mesh of triangles created from all the string points in a model. You can place manholes individually or offset them from an existing string. valley and flow lines creates ridge and valley strings from which flow lines can be generated to work out surface water run−off. Both types of section are useful for checking the quality of a design. inlets can also be added. The links in the strings form triangle sides unless the points contain null elevations. the surface can be analyzed anywhere and not just at the string locations. an index contour can be generated for every five normal contours. The Area options calculate the plan or surface area of a model. you may wish to analyze the design model to check for any errors or to see if the design can be improved in any way. where index contours are used to indicate a significant height interval. and cross sections can also be used to calculate volumes. You can define the part of the model whose area is required either by boundary strings or by means of two strings limited in extent by normals to a reference string. The contours are categorized as either index contours or normal contours. If you imagine that the model strings are the frame of your model. and profiles along a string or a straight line. Contour generates height contours from a triangulation. At any time. Using a triangulation.

Cross Slope Checker displays a graphical analysis of the superelevation applied to a roadway. or show all slopes which are less than a specified grade. You can perform analyses to show elevations. The superelevation can be displayed using either drop/rise or percentage diagrams. Volumetric Analysis is a Wizard for calculating cut and fill areas and volumes. or the bottom of a layer of contaminated material. zero levels.MX Basics Analyzing the design Volume is used to calculate volumes from either triangulated surfaces or sections. single point strings. This includes null levels. slopes or aspect bands. coincident points and intersection points. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−41 . through to quarrying and dredging works. or to model retaining structures such as reservoir dams. visibility at junctions and radial visibility. low points. You can then save or print the report. Comparing two surfaces could be used to analyze the difference between the existing ground and a pad for a building. A superelevation report is then displayed in a separate window. which you can save or print. Surface Checker is used to check a surface created from surveyed data once it has been input to MX. Surface Analysis is a Wizard which simplifies the analysis processes and displays the results in graphical form. either between two surfaces. The results may be output graphically or as a report. You can also display flat spots and flow arrows. from the analysis of linear schemes such as roads and railroads. Visibility checks and dynamically displays the analysis of through visibility. Comparing a surface with a plane could be used to model navigation channels (where the plane could be the mean low water level). The analysis can then be output as a report. The Wizard also handles sectioning and triangulation automatically. It has many potential uses in civil engineering. It can be used to check any surface in applications such as landfill and quarrying to identify incorrect or incomplete data. or between a surface and a plane. high points.

Model information can also be transformed by defining shift. tilt or mirror parameters. Although you normally design your main strings using the Design options. scaling. You can also automatically generate boundary strings around a model. or copy or move strings within a model. rotation. and automated generation of composite models. security options.1 MX Basics Modifying the design Modifying the design At any stage of the design. Copy. you can edit any of your data using the Modify options: Figure 23 − Modify menu Edit Models allows you to create. You use Explorer in the same way as you would use Windows or Internet Explorer. except that it works on MX files rather than all files on your disk. copy or move information from one model to another. Trimming allows you to trim a model to a boundary. Explorer is a project management tool which allows you to manage the model file and other information in your project. 1−42 MXROAD Intr oduction . and you can also edit any part of a string and the points within a string. Edit Strings and Edit Points give you complete control over the strings in your model. rename or delete a model as well as providing trimming. you can also create strings with Modify. Move and the Copy Transformation Wizard may be used to copy an entire model. while the security options allow you to provide read−only access to a model.

fill areas and text. either along a string or as adjacent pages in rows and columns. Working drawings are those needed by the engineer during the design phase of a project. and final drawings are those required for the construction phase of a project. To create a series of drawing pages from a working display. You then click the Create a Drawing icon to create a full working drawing of the information you have viewed. Firstly. It may be used to draw lines. either by starting from scratch or by using previously saved settings. you are led through the process of dynamically placing the pages. Once you have created your layout. you select an existing page setup or create a page setup interactively to define the page size. symbols. you are presented with different options. Working Drawings % Enhance Drawing is a drawing toolbox used for adding annotation to a drawing. you use the Draw options. Working Drawings % Create New Drawing creates a series of drawing pages from the current working display. The final drawings functionality is only available in the CAD environments and uses CAD drawing techniques and drawing style sets to quickly and efficiently create and annotate the final drawings to a pre−defined standard. it does not add any information to the model. Working Drawings % Recreate Existing Drawing recreates a set of drawing pages from a saved page layout. margins. boxes. Depending upon the page setup you select. arcs. For plan drawings. grids etc. For cross and long sections. you have seen how to use Display to draw your model information on the screen without dividing it up into pages. the appropriate viewer is invoked (as from the Analysis menu) and you display the sections and annotation you wish to draw. There are different page setups for plan.MX Basics Creating drawings Creating drawings So far. Figure 24 − Draw menu Draw divides the drawings that MX can create into distinct groups of working and final drawings. cross section and long section drawings. circles. and then optionally create the drawing pages. You have full control over the position of every page in the layout. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−43 . The major difference between Display % Plan with Tools and Enhance Drawing is that Enhance Drawing adds information to the drawing only. you can save it for future use.

and whether or not you wish hidden lines to be removed. You can specify the content of each view with a high degree of flexibility. MX objects provide access to model information. while MX style sets and layering techniques define the way in which the information is presented.1 MX Basics Producing visualizations The Final Drawings option uses components of MXDRAW to produce final drawings from a working drawing in a rapid and efficient manner. grades and vertical curves by transferring information from a tool tip directly to the drawing in a pre−defined style. 1−44 MXROAD Intr oduction . You can annotate geometric elements such as arcs. You specify the eye and target points. Final Drawings also provides a suite of geometric annotation tools. composite plans and profiles. and cross sections. For a greater degree of realism. Alternatively. any changes you make to the design are automatically reflected in the final drawings so that they are always up−to−date and ready to plot. Any annotation you add to the drawing is dynamically updated if the design changes. you can use 3D View and Flythrough to produce full colored textured renderings of your design. because the final drawings are created using views of a working drawing. In addition. spirals. and also for presentation of a design when it is complete. You can create layouts for plans. straights. you can use any of the AutoCAD or MicroStation 3D viewing and rendering capabilities at any time. You can also create and save animated 3D views as AVI files. The resulting perspective view can be enhanced in the same way as any other drawing. The visualization options are: Figure 25 − Visualize menu Simple Perspective creates a wire frame view from anywhere in a model. Producing visualizations Visualization is useful for checking the accuracy of a model at any stage in a design (provided elevations have been assigned to the strings in the model). profiles.

normals and intersections. You can also use cut and paste techniques to copy the data to a spreadsheet. Alignment Reports The alignment report options allow you to create customized reports of horizontal alignment. You can include information from models. as well as perpendiculars. strings and points. Figure 27 − Alignment Reports MXROAD Intr oduction 1−45 . You can use the information to annotate the working display or save it to a file for importing into a spreadsheet.MX Basics Creating reports Creating reports Figure 26 − Report menu Dynamic Reports provides access to a wide range of reporting options from an expanding toolbar. vertical alignment and setting out data which can be output to the screen or to a file.

Exporting data Model and drawing data can be exported in several forms from MX. For example.com. stations and elevations. Help The Help menu gives access to the on−line help. Supported file formats are: S S S MX GENIO MX MIFILE DXF plus any of the native AutoCAD or MicroStation export formats. Add−In programs (previously known as Bonus Tools) are available to all Bentley SELECT users from the Bentley web−site at www. Many other types of reports can be produced in MX which are written to the output window.Bentley. you can add Windows Explorer to the Add−In menu using the Add−In Manager. different computer types and other drawing packages. radius.1 MX Basics Exporting data Horizontal Alignment Report provides details of the horizontal geometry of the alignment. This allows your design to be transferred easily between different sites. including details of arcs. Add−Ins You use the Add−In Manager to add or remove applications so that you can invoke them from within MX for your convenience. Vertical Alignment Report provide details of the vertical geometry of the alignment. spirals and straights such as arc length. tutorials. Bentley Web Site information and information about the version of MX currently installed on your machine. You can then copy and paste these reports using standard techniques in to any suitable Windows application. Figure 28 − Help menu 1−46 MXROAD Intr oduction . spirals and grades such as curve length. including details of curves. radius and intersection point coordinates.

including.MX Basics Help Help % About MX gives information about the license you are using. MXRENEW. Plus information about CAD specific commands and configuration settings. MXDRAW. refer to Using the Online Help and Tutorials. MXROAD. It contains information on the following: S S S S MX Online Documentation − contains a navigation page. You can access the help. Release Notes and System Configuration. MXSITE. Technical Information Resources − contains information about Bentley and shortcut access to many of the Bentley websites. Overview The MX Online Documentation suite links together all the documentation for the different MX products. For details of the content of each folder please see below. The help has enhanced navigation functions available at the bottom of the frame allowing selection of help by Major and/or Minor option number. Using MX in Windows / Using MX in AutoCAD/MicroStation − an overview of features specific to Windows / AutoCAD / MicroStation. Windows. a guide to using the help. Administration − information on how to configure your MX software. MXRAIL. Reference Information − contains reference material for all file formats (including style sets). and the currently installed version of MX. tutorials and various online documents in Adobe PDF format from the relevant Contents page for each product. MX − gives access to three folders. Linemode − contains complete Help for Linemode. Each of these sections includes both Help and Tutorials for the application Glossary − contains the definition of terms used in the MX products. AutoCAD and MicroStation. It also provides access to the security report which defines the applications that you are authorized to use. essential information. Tutorials and Linemode. The glossary is also directly accessed from the Help by clicking red text. MX Help The MX Help system dynamically updates depending upon the MX environment you are using. S S S S S S S S MXROAD Intr oduction 1−47 . For further details about the on−line help and tutorials. Applications − contains information about MX application packages. Options in MX − contains detailed information about each main menu option. Help. and details of how MX interacts with the CAD application. Getting Started − an overview of MX. Tutorials − contains the tutorials for MX in each of the environments. MXURBAN and MXDRAINAGE. and software fonts.

the cursor changes to a ? which you can then place and click over any piece of text on the panel for which you require Help. You can access them from the relevant Contents page in the MX Online Documentation suite. Online Manuals These are provided in Adobe PDF format for online viewing and printing. When you click the button. They are written in a typical project sequence. This method provides in−context Help by taking you directly to the topic associated with the panel. You can access them from the relevant Contents page in the MX Online Documentation suite.1 MX Basics Help Accessing help and documentation Help and documentation can be accessed in a variety of ways as follows: S S S By selecting Start ⇒ Programs ⇒ Bentley MX ⇒ Help and Tutorials By selecting either the Help ⇒ Contents or Help ⇒ Contents Docked option on the MX menu bar within MX itself. By clicking on the Help (?) button at the top right of any panel to obtain What’s This? Help. 1−48 MXROAD Intr oduction . By pressing the F1 key on the current panel (ie. the panel with the highlit bar at the top). S Tutorials The MX tutorials provide step−by−step instructions about how to use many of the options in MX.

a power supply problem or a corruption in the data. It is also a good idea to take a backup copy of your system files (ie. The compression process requires that the models are written to a temporary model file. Problems with model files are very rare. deleted from the original model file and then read back into the original model file. styles. Locate the file model. To do this. See the on−line help for further details. It is important that you organize your work in such a way that you know where all your files are located so you can back them up. or macro lines which you have created. the space taken up in the model file is not regained automatically. Note that these may not be contained in your project folder.fil is taken. for example. 2. Open Windows Explorer Browse the folders to get to your project folder. The procedure below describes how to compress a model file.MX Basics System Administration System Administration Backing up your projects You should take backup copies of all your project files at regular intervals. which are available from the File menu. and click on it with the right mouse button. It is advisable that you carry out a model integrity check and take a fresh backup prior to compressing. c:\mx tutorial. the MXROAD software structure) at less frequent intervals. you must compress the model file in order to regain the space. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−49 . It is recommended that a regular backup of the model. but this should not lead to complacency in maintaining backups. The options Zip Project and Unzip Project. create a compressed backup file of an entire project in WinZip compatible format. macro symbols. Although these models are deleted on completion of an option. ideally on a daily basis. Checking and backing up your model file Many options in MX make extensive use of temporary models. You should also back up any style sets. This avoids data loss should a problem occur. You should not create any project folders under the MXROAD software structure. you need three times the original model file size of free space available on your hard disk. 1. you may have created a new style set and stored it in the …\??_styles folder in the MXROAD software structure. The process can be interrupted and fail where there is insufficient disk space.fil. 3. Should a failure occur in compression for any of these reasons the model file will have to be restored from a backup. for example.

From the menu. and check the size of the model file model.fil. Click Apply to run this check. until running this report indicates that there are no pointer errors. called Copy of model.fil. On the Report Model File panel. 5. From the File pull down. Before you compress the model file. 2. These need to be deleted using the MX options on the Modify pull down. Browse the folders to get back to your project folder. MX looks through the model file. there are two options that you can use to check that it is OK. where the text should say ‘END OF POINTER CHECK − 0 POINTER ERROR(S) FOUND’. and select Paste. It lists the number of records in the model file which are actually filled with data. it means that there is a problem with one or more of the models on the model file. 3. Scrolling up the list in the output window will show you which model(s) and string(s) are affected. Note that there is no problem doing this even though MX is still running. 1. select Copy. which must be investigated before continuing with any MX work. select File Management ⇒ Report Model file Figure 29 − Report Model File The Check Model File Records option is checked by default. If there is a number here other than zero. 1. The results of this are displayed in the output window again with a summary at the end. out of the total number that have been used. although you should not have any MX panels open. Click the right mouse button again. and checks it to ensure that each of the models is arranged correctly inside the model file. click Cancel. which indicates that the model file is OK. you will probably need to scroll up a few lines to see it all. In Windows Explorer. click on View ⇒ Refresh. This is a copy of the MX model file. 1. A new file is created. click Check Model Pointers.1 MX Basics System Administration 4. and also the total space that will be available after compression. The results are displayed in the output window. 1−50 MXROAD Intr oduction . followed by Apply. On the Report Model File panel. 1.

should say W127 Model file stored & initializsed. On the Compress panel. double−click the Recycle Bin icon and check the contents first. Alternatively. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−51 . click Model File. If this message is not given. Click OK. select File Management ⇒ Compress. You should also empty the Recycle Bin on your desktop at regular intervals. Ensure that the Status bar shows there to be at least three times the size of the model file available as free disk space. 2. Select the Recycle Bin. If there is not. then a note in the output window. you will have to create extra free space on the hard disk before you can safely compress the model file. 3. click the right hand mouse button and select Empty Recycle Bin. Once you have done this: 1.MX Basics System Administration 4. The option may take a few moments to run. Disk maintenance In order to maintain optimum performance from MXROAD. or your MX supplier for further advice. you should contact your System Administrator. if visible. From the File menu. you should manually delete files from your temporary directory (normally C:\temp) to ensure that it does not become full (you can use Windows Explorer to do this).

see the contacts list on our Web site at http://www.bentley. 1−52 MXROAD Intr oduction .1 User Support MX Basics User Support United States and Canada For support on this release.com to contact your local MX supplier. please e−mail the Bentley Helpdesk at: support@bentley. phone the number below: Tel: +1 800−BENTLEY Elsewhere For worldwide local contacts.com Alternatively.

2 MXROAD MXROAD − Overview MXROAD is an application constructed of a number of modules to permit the efficient design of a road scheme from the input of the existing ground data through to the production of drawings and reports defining the scheme. which in turn is accessed from the Applications toolbar. Shoulder Design and Roadway Widening Rule−Based Superelevation Intersection Design Pavement and Subgrade Design Cross Sectional Editor Report Generator Other MX options such as MX Explorer and Surface Analysis are included on the MXROAD toolbar for your convenience. The options within the modules can be accessed via the main menu bar or via the MXROAD toolbar. Figure 30 − MXROAD toolbar MXROAD Intr oduction 2−1 . Throughout the design. however. tools are available to permit analysis or visualization of the design so that you can check and confirm each step of the design process. the advantage of the MXROAD toolbar is that the order of the options reflects the order of a typical project sequence. The method of access is not important. The modules that make up MXROAD are: S S S S S S S S Quick Alignment Road Design and Delete String Groups.

C for center line) the associated master alignment which defines the string group (third character. such as Design and Edit. For all the options in MXROAD. Import Although not strictly an MXROAD option. 0 for the left hand side. I for the right hand side) Because many of the options within MXROAD rely on the information returned from the string names. M for master string) the specific road feature (second character. Options in MXROAD This section describes the options which are available from MXROAD. Strings created by the MXROAD options are assigned names which store the following information: S S S S the string type (first character. eg. It may be switched on or off on a per project basis from the message which appears when you start a new project. it is not possible to use MXROAD on models that do not follow the convention. refer to the on−line help. eg. and the third character must be unique. ie.2 MXROAD Standard String Naming Convention Standard String Naming Convention The MX standard string naming convention (SNC) has been introduced to give automatic integration of any design produced from any of the MXROAD options. eg. 0 for the first alignment) the side of the master alignment on which the string was created (fourth character. You can do this using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults. All the options in MXROAD can be found within the standard menus. File ⇒ Import allows you to import existing ground data on which the road design scheme is to be implemented. You must assign the feature set MXROAD. The data may be imported in one of several formats: 2−2 MXROAD Intr oduction . eg. They are also available from the MXROAD toolbar (accessed from the Applications toolbar) for your convenience to help you with the project sequence. Any alignment you create and intend to use with MXROAD options must conform to the convention. the first two characters must be MC. For full details of the SNC.fns to any design model which uses MXROAD options. you can find more detailed information in the on−line help. or from Tools ⇒ System Parameters.

NTF file format is used by the United Kingdom Ordnance Survey for map data. This is essential to confirm that the imported data is correct and contains no errors. You should assign a default feature set and style set immediately to the new ground model which you can then draw using the option Display ⇒ Plan with Style Set if required. a model is created from the ground data. You can either convert the file to DXF format or use the MX data translator program MX Change. both of which can provide essential information for your design. There are nine different types of analysis each taking you through the necessary steps in a minimum amount of time.ntf) MX GENIO (*. The options are: S S S S S S S S S Display contours Elevation bands Slope bands Aspect bands Flat spots Steep slopes Flow arrows Simple profile Display triangulation MXROAD Intr oduction 2−3 . you can still import data from a MicroStation DGN or AutoCAD DWG file.MXROAD Surface Analysis S S S S S S S AutoCAD DXF (*. but not MX in MicroStation or MX in AutoCAD.dxf) National Transfer Format NTF (*.inp) Softdesk Alignment and DTM Eagle Point Triangulation LandXML In all cases. Typically the analysis will highlight errors in level and will also provide a graphical representation of the existing surface.txt) MX Survey data (*. If you have MX in Windows. Surface Analysis This option lets you perform analyses of the surface on which the design is to be built.

Alignment Design The Alignment Design options enable you to create the alignment for the road design.2 MXROAD Alignment Design Figure 31 − Ground model showing contours In MX in Windows. you can also highlight any errors in elevation by color filling the triangulation and illuminating the view from the Zoom toolbar. You may use either the Quick Alignment options Horizontal Design and Vertical Profile. or Alignment which gives greater flexibility but may take longer to learn. the end result is the same. Whichever method is used. a complete alignment defined both horizontally and vertically. The alignment is converted to a master string which is generally used as the center line along which a roadway and other features can be designed. 2−4 MXROAD Intr oduction .

Insert PI − inserts an PI between existing PIs Remove PI − select a point near the PI to be removed.MXROAD Alignment Design Figure 32 − Alignment Design Quick Alignment Horizontal Design Horizontal Design enables you to create horizontal alignments using dynamic Intersection Point (PI) placement and manipulation. The following layout options are available: S S S S S S S S S Add PI − adds an PI to an alignment. edit curves view details of the currently selected curve draw clearance lines and circles amend the design parameters delete a whole alignment Other features enable you to: MXROAD Intr oduction 2−5 . Move PI − dynamically moves an PI to a new location.

Vertical Profile Vertical Profile enables you to create vertical alignments using dynamic PI placement and manipulation.2 MXROAD Alignment Design S S S snap PIs to an existing point alter the position of a finished alignment undo up to 20 previous actions. The backcloth is a vertical profile of an existing horizontal alignment extracted from the triangulation model of the ground. The following options are available: S S S S S S S S S S S S S Add PIs Move PIs Remove PIs Insert PIs Lock PIs Delete profile Calculate overall cut and fill Calculate grade and radius View details of a curve Change the vertical exaggeration Amend design parameters Set the curve data Change the view of the display area. You can also obtain a printed report of the horizontal alignment. There is also a table editor which you can use instead of dynamic placement to specify values such as grade and curve radius using the keyboard. 2−6 MXROAD Intr oduction .

Alignments are created in two stages: first the horizontal design. Rule−based Superelevation. Spirals can also be included if required. Complete alignments are converted to master strings for use with the other MXROAD options. Road Widening. either straights or circular arcs. It consists of a number of stages. there are three design methods. The lines joining these points are tangential to the curves which connect the straight elements. For a road. Shoulder Design and Curbs. The PI method produces the same end result but allows you to construct the alignment by entering a series of intersection points. For both horizontal and vertical design. MXROAD Intr oduction 2−7 . the Element method. An alignment describes the basic horizontal and vertical position of a design from which all other surface features are generated. Road Design Road Design is a series of options that take you through the process of designing a road from an existing master string. then the vertical design. the alignment usually represents the center line. The Element method allows you to construct an alignment from a series of elements. but may represent a pavement edge or any other convenient feature.MXROAD Road Design Alignment Alignment is used to design alignments for roads and other engineering features. Shoulders and Sidewalks. the Intersection Point (PI) method and the Spline method. connected by spiral curves as required. Finally. Roadways. the Spline method allows you to specify a series of points through which a cubic spline curve is fitted.

including the roadway width and the cross slope or vertical offset to the roadway edge strings. and dual roadways with two or three lanes. S Select the template to be applied. The templates contain all the details of the road surface. S Generate the roadway strings (including a center line level string).2 MXROAD Road Design Figure 33 − Road Design Roadways Roadways creates a road surface using either a standard template or one you have customized yourself. with a single lane either side. if the start and end of the roadway was not the whole extent of the alignment. The roadway 2−8 MXROAD Intr oduction . The process you follow through the Road Design Roadways Wizard is as follows: S Specify the model and master string along which you wish to create the roadway. S Repeat the operation with another template. You should design the roadway along your alignment in one session of the Road Design Wizard. S Specify the start and end of the roadway design. If you change templates along the master string. There are standard templates for many different types of roadway. This will generally be the model containing the alignment created using one of the Alignment options. you can choose to join the equivalent strings in the two portions of roadway automatically. including single roads. S Check the template design details and modify them if required.

Choose a linear. Select the type of taper to apply. Road Widening The Road Widening Wizard provides a simple approach to the process of road widening. MXROAD Intr oduction 2−9 . the superelevation is applied to the roadway. The process is defined by the following steps: S S S S S S Select the road center line and the string to widen. you can confirm that the superelevation is correct or amend the calculated values if required. Following the review process. reverse curve or biquadratic curve application (only the linear type is available for some pivot methods). Rule−based Superelevation Rule−based Superelevation provides a simple approach to the application of superelevation to a road. Specify either projected cross slope or hinged cross slope as the method of application for the widened section. Before you apply the superelevation. This option allows you to select all the roadway strings and delete them. which conform to either a local or national standard. If you include a central reserve in one roadway but not the other. If the results are not what you want. The design rules will determine whether single or dual roadway parameters are to be used. The process is defined by the following steps: S S S S S Specify the master string of the road to which you wish to add superelevation. you may need to modify the center line level string to include a vertical step at the correct position. and can be used to create extra lanes. Select the pivot method to be used.MXROAD Road Design strings are joined either linearly or with a reverse curve. either linear (as illustrated below) or reverse curve. Recreating the roadway using a modified template is quickly achieved. parking areas or intersection widening. you can remove the roadway strings using Modify Design ⇒ Edit Strings ⇒ Delete String Groups. by length. both horizontally and vertically. by ratio to the width or by station. The superelevation applied is based on parameters specified in design rules files. The calculations are then made and a summary of the results is displayed. Specify the design rules and design speed to be used. Create the widening. Specify the length and width of the widening. Define how the taper is to be specified. bypass lanes. Select the roadway edge strings to which you wish to apply superelevation.

At this point. except that during restoration the shoulder is split in two widthways so that the cross slope break at the edge of the roadway is decreased. Shoulder Design Shoulder Design is used to create shoulders from the edge of the roadway. Shoulder rollover − this works in a similar way to the maximum shoulder break method. Follow roadway cross slope − use the same cross slope for the shoulder as that used for the roadway. These include: S Maximum shoulder break − uses the standard shoulder settings until the roadway is superelevated and a maximum cross slope difference between the roadway and shoulder is reached. and the method can be changed automatically when certain criteria are met. There are other methods which you can specify for the outside curve of a shoulder. and may also be offset along the roadway from the point of maximum cross slope difference. or you can delete it. The transition length between the maximum cross slope difference and the point at which the new values are in force may be specified.2 MXROAD Road Design Road string to widen after before Length of taper Road center line Figure 34 − Road Widening You can retain the original roadway string along the widening. Several different methods are available to apply the cross slope across the shoulder. the shoulder cross slope is set to a specified value or to match the roadway cross slope. The standard shoulder methods are: S S Fixed cross slope − specify the cross slope from the roadway edge to the shoulder. depending on the option selected. Maximum algebraic difference − uses the standard shoulder settings until the roadway is superelevated and a maximum cross slope difference S S 2−10 MXROAD Intr oduction .

From this point until the roadway achieves full superelevation. Intersection Design The Intersection Design options are used to create a T intersection between a through road and an intersecting road. ie. except that a different set of templates is used to create the required strings. which gradually changes to the roadway cross slope at the point where full superelevation begins. Shoulders and Sidewalks Curbs. For the inner portion. It is also over this distance that the new string is created. You can choose to apply the templates on either the left of the roadway. the right of the roadway or both sides. S Maximum algebraic difference (part width) − for this method. you would use this option after you have applied superelevation and completed any intersection design. the standard shoulder cross slope is applied at the point of maximum algebraic distance. Figure 35 − Intersection Design MXROAD Intr oduction 2−11 . the shoulder cross slope is varied so that the maximum algebraic difference is maintained.MXROAD Intersection Design between the roadway and shoulder is reached. Normally. Curbs. Shoulders and Sidewalks is similar in operation to Roadways. the shoulder is split in two widthways by a new string and cross slope is applied to the outer portion in the same way as for the maximum algebraic difference method. between the roadway edge and the new string.

until you apply your earthwork design requirement to the models. This may be to improve water flow across the intersection or to relocate a low spot. together with a number of strategies to be used when specified criteria are met. you can complete the design and add curbs. The Wizard guides you through the process of specifying models. You may create fillets from circular arcs or three center curves. To make the procedure as simple as possible. You can also create cross roads by adding fillets to all corners of two intersecting roadways. you can add traffic islands from a pre−defined traffic island style library. the design model containing the new design surface and the existing ground model. section sets. Once this is done. and then complete the intersection by automatically joining the fillets to the roadway edges. You can also produce working drawings of the cross sections. earthwork styles and strategies. Alternatively. and calculate volumes between the different construction surfaces and the existing ground. You can apply different earthwork styles and strategies to lengths of the road by specifying the start and end points.2 MXROAD Pavement and Subgrade Design Before attempting intersection design you must have completed the design of both roadways including widening at the intersection and applied superelevation. unpaved shoulders or sidewalks. 2−12 MXROAD Intr oduction . These custom earthwork styles can then be saved in your own library for future use. Earthworks Wizard The Earthworks Wizard is a standard MX option which is used to design an earthworks structure between two models. Set up analysis control. and then regrade the entire intersection by dynamically editing the vertical profile using information from the roadway edges. the criteria to trigger the strategies and so on. The process is defined by the following steps: S S S S Specify the models and essential strings. you can create your own custom earthworks styles specific to the current design or your national design rules. The earthwork design relies on the specification of an earthwork style. Assign styles to the four style definition areas (left and right cut and fill). the Wizard has access to a library of earthwork styles such as simple slope and slope/bench combinations. Create the earthwork design. Pavement and Subgrade Design The Pavement and Subgrade Design Wizard is used to create pavement layers and the subgrade for a roadway. Once the intersection design is complete. which show the pavement construction in detail.

For example. these must also exist in the ground model.MXROAD Pavement and Subgrade Design Pavement and Subgrade Design requires the following information before you begin your design: S S the design model and center line of the roadway existing cross sections for every point on the road center line (ie. Figure 36 − Cross section showing pavement layers MXROAD Intr oduction 2−13 . if you have generated cross sections at tangent points on the master string in your design model. the master string) for both the ground model and the design model.

you can delete all the roadway strings associated with the alignment. for visualization − to enhance and improve model information for drawings. for feature design − to remove redundant parts of strings where they intersect other features. you can use this to adjust earthworks slopes so that they lie within the land take limits of your construction project. Cross Sectional Editor The cross sectional editor allows you to view cross sections and modify the points on them. or to insert non−standard features. if you create a roadway and wish to re−design it using the same alignment. 2−14 MXROAD Intr oduction . The changes you make to the cross sections are reflected in the model data. for analysis − to create boundaries within which areas or volumes are derived.2 MXROAD Modifying the design Modifying the design Figure 37 − Modify Edit Strings and Edit Points You can use the standard MX Edit options during all stages of an engineering design as follows: S S S S for the existing surface − to correct erroneous elevations and the ground position of points and strings. Delete String Groups The MXROAD option Delete String Groups is particularly useful because it allows you to delete strings of a particular type in one operation. For example. For example.

MXROAD
Project Sequence
Sections can be dynamically edited at individual stations by specifying an offset, elevation or slope. You can either edit a cross section element in isolation, ie, without affecting the elements which lie outside of the element you are editing, or you can edit an element and have all outer elements retain the same relative position. Volumes can be calculated at any time between the ground and design models within a selected station range.

Project Sequence
The project sequence is critical in MXROAD. For example, you cannot use road widening if the roadway has not been created, and, if you wish to superelevate the roadway, you must do this before creating an intersection. The MXROAD project sequence is shown below: S S S S S S S S S S S S S S Horizontal Alignment Vertical Alignment Roadways Rule−based Superelevation Road Widening Create Fillet Regrade Intersection Create Traffic Island Tidy Intersection Shoulder Design Curbs, Shoulders and Sidewalks Earthworks Wizard Cross Sectional Editor Pavement and Subgrade Design

Not all steps need to be carried out each time; for details of which options are mandatory and which are optional at any particular stage, refer to the on−line help.

MXROAD Intr oduction

2−15

2

MXROAD
Project Sequence

2−16

MXROAD Intr oduction

Index
Numbers 3D View, 1−44 3D View and Flythough, 1−44 A Add−In menu, 1−46 Alignment, creating, 1−39 Alignment design, 2−4 Alignment reports, 1−45 Analysis menu, 1−40 Analysis options, 1−40 Applications toolbar, 1−28 Area calculation, 1−40 B Backing up projects, 1−49 C Configuration MX in AutoCAD, 1−20 MX in MicroStation, 1−27 Contours, generating, 1−40 Cross sections, editing, 2−14 Cross Slope Checker, 1−41 Curbs, shoulders and sidewalks option, 2−11 D Data interoperability, 1−8 Deleting strings, 2−14 Design menu, 1−38 Design options, 1−38 Disk maintenance, 1−51 Disontinuities. See Gaps Display, Menu, 1−35 Display options, 1−43 Drainage networks, 1−40 Draw menu, 1−43 Draw options, 1−43 I Import option, 2−2 Importing data, 1−33 Intersection design, 2−11 L LandXML, 1−34 M Menu, Display, 1−35 Menu bar, 1−13 MXROAD Intr oduction i−1 DXF format, 2−3 exporting, 1−46 Dynamic reports, 1−45 E E−mail address, 1−52 Eagle Point Triangulation, importing, 1−34 Earthworks wizard, 1−39, 2−12 Editing strings and points, 2−14 Exporting data, 1−46 F Feature set, definition of, 1−6 File menu, 1−34 Final drawings, 1−44 Flythrough, 1−44 Full alignment, 2−7 G Gaps, 1−5 GENIO format, 1−34, 2−3 exporting, 1−46 H Help desk, 1−52 Help menu, 1−46 Horizontal design, 2−5

1−11 MX Basics. 2−9 Roadways option. 1−28 N Null elevations. 1−8 AutoCAD. 1−14 Tools menu. 1−45 Report options. 1−28 MXDRAW. 1−42 Modify options. 1−41 of the ground. 1−26 MX environments. 1−37 Profiles. editing. 1−52 Surface analysis. 2−10 SNC. creating. 1−45 Road design options. 2−2 Starting MX. 1−28 MXSITE. 1−41 . 2−10 Shoulder rollover. 2−1 P Panels. 1−42 Modify menu. 1−33 i−2 MXROAD Intr oduction Q Quick alignment. use of buttons. 1−35 Triangulation. 1−40 Project. 1−29 MXRAIL. 1−52 V Vertical design. 2−6 View menu. 2−9 S Security Report. 1−37 Visibility. 2−12 Perspective views. 2−2 Standard string naming convention. creating. 1−3 Style set definition of. 1−14 Overview. 1−2 Models. 1−6 O Output window. 1−28 MXURBAN.Index Model defaults. 1−7. 1−1 MX Controls toolbar. 1−6 using to create a working display. 2−4 R Raster backcloth. 1−42 Mouse. 2−8 Rule−based superelevation. 1−42 types of. 1−15 MX toolbar. 1−36 Support. 1−22 Windows. 1−31 Strings editing. 1−16 MicroStation. 1−4 Preferences. 1−28 MXRENEW. 2−7 Road widening option. 1−44 Points. 1−7 Model file. 2−3 T Toolbars. 1−31 Project sequence. 1−35 how to assign. creating. 1−28 MXROAD. 1−40 U User support. 1−36 Report menu. 1−12 Pavement and subgrade design. 1−47 Shoulder design option. 1−24 MXDRAINAGE. components of. 1−30 Startup panel. 1−17 MX Toolbox.

1−44 Visualize menu. 1−41 W Web page address. 1−44 Volume calculation. creating. 1−35 Working drawings.Index Visualize options. 2−9 Working display. 1−52 Widening. 1−43 MXROAD Intr oduction i−3 .

Index i−4 MXROAD Intr oduction .

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