# Lecture -26 http://home.iitk.ac.

in/~mukesh/ Development of Surfaces - II

17 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 1 * * * 7 *5 * * *9 3* *11 *1 * 13 * * * *23 15* ** ** 21 17 * 19 * * * Development of Truncated Cylinder – treated as a many-sided prism Do not forget the true shape of truncated face .9.

9 8 7T 6 5 10 11 11 12 1T 1I SI RI TI 12 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 TI 3 2 1I R’T AT ST 2 3 4 AF AI RI SI TR RF RR SF 7F 3.11 2.12 IF Development of Truncated Cone This is called method of Triangulation – for Cone equal lengths triangle .

the hypotenuse of triangle like XOYR will always give the TL of the line.YH X Path of Revolution XH H F YHR Axis F O H XF ӨR Y TL Axis TL YR ӨH YF OBSERVATION If axis is perpendicular to the plane. YFR . Or. if perpendicular and base are known so is the TL.

Repeat the process for all lines and find TL diagram that gives all TLs.DT OF O One half of development 2I CI 1I 4I 3I T Tr ue 10I len gt hs 9I 8I 7I 6I 5I CF 1F 3F 5F 10 7F 9F DF D 9 7 5 3 1 C Which line is seen in TL? O-10 in FV – begin development by laying off O-10 Is 10-9 seen in TL. Do we know TL of O-9? No we don’t. if yes proceed and mark and arc. . Find a smart way to find all lines in TL. no other element is in TL (except O-C).Development of Oblique Cone – Elements are of different lengths OI CT 1T 2T 10T9 3T 4 7T T 5T 6T 8T OT. Recall if true altitude and base of line are known hypotenuse is the TL of line. In fact. For line O-9 see altitude and base and get TL.

P 8 A’ C’ B’ B 1I 2 3 4 56 C VI 7 ½E V D’ D 7 8 9I ½E P 1 23 4 5 VT 6 789 O OF VF.P 7 5.OI C’ B’ D’ E A 1 2 3 B OT 4 5 6 C 9.8 9 342 51 For cone – B For cone – D (TL) (TL) Development of Transition Piece – Join Cylindrical Pipe to Rectangular Pipe The piece is composed of: (a) 4-triangular planes (bases are sides of rectangle) (b) 4-parts of oblique cone (bases are arc of circles) Development of Cone – Triangulation method – divide the cone in parts Make true length diagram for each cone .