TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. CHAPTER.1
TECHNICAL DETAILS OF THE PROJECTS. INTRODUCTION.

2. CHAPTER.2
PROJECT OVERVIEW.

3. CHAPTER.3
CIRCUIT & COMPONENTS DESCRIPTION. CIRCUIT & INTERFACING DESCRIPTION.

4. REFERENCE

GSM technology provides large range of working areas.1 Technical details of the Projects Origin of the Proposal In most college ragging becomes most popular issue. Presently. Remote controlled vehicles are used in Law enforcement and military engagements because of many reasons.Various steps are taken by government & college management to stop this cruel activity. but all in vain due to lack of staff members in large space of college campus. The exposures to hazards aremitigated to the person who operates the vehicle from the location of relative safety. Objectives    To improve our militants security at LOC by getting information about opponent. . college has made anti ragging squad. Due to this feature we can operate this device over large range of areas in college campus.CHAPTER. so it is almost impossible to look after the fresher. college has made anti ragging squad. The exposures to hazards are mitigated to the person who operates the vehicle from the location of relative safety. but still college campus unable to properly avoid this crucial task. Colleges are situated in space of hectares. CellphoneControlled Robot is used. Current Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) can hover around possible targets until they are positively identified before releasing their pay load of weaponry. They are used by many police department bombsquads to defuse or detonate explosives. Presently. but still college campus unable to properly avoid this crucial task. They are used by many police department bomb-squads to defuse or detonate explosives. To overcome this problem we get an idea Cellphone-Controlled Robot. In Law enforcement and military engagements because of many reasons.  To achieve ‘ragging free environment’ in college campus. It helps to capture culprit candidate who involves in unfair activity. Backpack sized UAVs will provide ground troops with over the horizon surveillance capabilities.

if any button is pressed. processing is done by the on-board microcontroller or processor. With the help of Cellphone-Controlled Robot.no interference with other controllers . The microcontroller then transmits the signal to the motor driver ICs to operate the motors & our robot starts moving. Why build a DTMF ROBOT? Conventionally. processing and action. limited frequency range and the limited control. . The Control of robot involves three distinct phases: perception. a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call.all robots share the feature of a mechanical. Although the appearance and the capabilities of robots vary vastly. In the course of a call. The received tone is processed by the microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder. This tone is called "Dual Tone Multiple-Frequency" (DTMF) tone.the preceptors are sensors mounted on the robot.It provides the advantage of robust control. by the application of sound tracking webcam.which have the drawbacks of limited working range.Use of a mobile phone for robotic control can overcome these limitations. The robot perceives this DTMF tone with the help of the phone stacked on the robot. Generally. Wireless-controlled robots use rf circuits. movable structure under some form of control. we can predict the areas where the explosion can occur. To insure the safe areas in mines.working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider. Mobile Controlled ROBOT Using DTMF Technology Introduction What is a Mobile controlled DTMF ROBOT? DTMF Mobile ROBOT is a machine that can be that makes a call to the mobile phone attached to the robot.

of the amplitudes of two sine (cosine) waves of different frequencies. The mobile that makes a call to the mobile phone stacked in robot acts as a remote. i.2 POJECT OVERVIEW In this project the robot. The tone and assignments in a DTMF system shown below . pressing „5‟ will send a tone made by adding 1336 Hz and 770 Hz to the other end of the mobile. is controlled by a mobile phone that makes call to the mobile phone attached to the robot in the course of the call. So this simple robotic project does not require the construction of receiver and transmitter units. This tone is called dual tone multi frequency tone (DTMF) robot receives this DTMF tone with the help of phone stacked in the robot. in real time.The received tone is processed by the atmega16 microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder MT8870 the decoder decodes the DTMF tone in to its equivalent binary digit and this binary number is send to the microcontroller.‟DTMF assigns a specific frequency (consisting of two separate tones) to each key so that it can easily be identified by the electronic circuit. DTMF signaling is used for telephone signaling over the line in the voice-frequency band to the call switching centre. if any button is pressed control corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call.The microcontroller is preprogrammed to take a decision for any give input and outputs its decision to motor drivers in order to drive the motors for forward or backward motion or a turn.e.. The signal generated by the DTMF encoder is a direct algebraic summation.CHAPTER.The version of DTMF used for telephone tone dialing is known as „Touch-Tone.

Figures shows the block diagram and circuit diagram of the microcontroller.filtering. the correct four bit decode signal of the DTMF tone is transferred to Q1 (pin11) through Q4(pin14) outputs. CMOS microcontroller based on the AVR enhanced RISC architecture.atmega16 ic3 .cd7004 r1. The built -in dual tone rejection circuit eliminated the need for pre.l293d ic4 . 32 general purpose working registers.mt8870 ic2 .based robot. When the input signal given at pin2 (IN-) single ended input configuration is recognized to be effective. Outputs from port pins PD0 through PD3 and PD7 of the microcontroller are fed to inputs IN1 through IN4 and enable pins (EN1 and EN2) of motor driver L293d respectively. the notations are : ic1 . An MT8870 series DTMF decoder is used here. allowing two independent registers to be accessed in one signal instruction executed in one clock cycle. to drive geared motors.330k resistances r4-r8 . The resulting architecture is more code efficient. Microcontroller .100k resistances r3 . All the 32 registers are directly connected to the arithmetic logic unit. All types of the mt8870 series use digital counting techniques to detect and decode all the sixteen DTMF tone pairs in to a four bit code output. 1KB SRAM. The ATMEGA 16 is a low power.10k resistances . 8 bit.r2 . 32 general purpose input/output lines. It provides the following feature: 16kb of in system programmable flash memory with read write capabilities. 512bytes of EEPROM. The important components of this robot are DTMF decoder.

push to on switch m1.12mhz crystal s1 .0.c6 .22pfarad capacitor c4 .0.6v 50rpm motor batt.6v DTMF Tone The DTMF technique outputs distinct representation of 16 common alphanumeric characters (0-9.m2 .c1. Table 1: DTMF Keypad. #) on the telephone. The lowest frequency used is 697Hz and the highest frequency used is 1633Hz.c5. A-D. FREQUENCY 1209 HZ 1 4 7 * 1336 HZ 2 5 8 0 1477 HZ 3 6 9 # 1633 HZ A B C D 697 Hz 770 Hz 852 Hz 941 Hz The DTMF keypad is arranged such that each row will have its own unique tone frequency and also each column will have its own unique tone frequency.47 micro farad capacitor c2. *.c3. as shown in Table 1. Above is a representation of the .3.57 MHz crystal xtal2 .1micro farad capacitor xtal1 .

a timing resistor. It is manufactured using CMOS process technology. Its decoder uses digital counting techniques to detect and decode all 16 DTMF tone pairs into a 4-bit code. for example 5. and latched tri-state interface bus. The filter section also incorporates notches at 350 and 440 Hz for exceptional dial tone rejection. Fig. The MT-8870 offers low power consumption (35 mW max) and precise data handling. Each filter output is followed by a single order switched capacitor filter section which smoothes . Minimal external components required includes a low-cost 3.579545 MHz color burst crystal. will generate a dual tone consisting of 770 Hz for the low group and 1336 Hz for the high group. The filter section is used for separation of the low-group and high group tones and it is achieved by applying the DTMF signal to the inputs of two sixth order switched capacitor band pass filters. and a timing capacitor. By pressing a key. External component count is minimized by provision of an on-chip differential input amplifier.typical DTMF keypad and the associated row/column frequencies. DTMF Decoder The MT-8870 is a DTMF Receiver that integrates both band split filter and decoder functions into a single 18-pin DIP or SOIC package. the bandwidths of which corresponds to the low and high group frequencies. 2 Pin configuration of MT-8870 Its filter section uses switched capacitor technology for both the high and low group filters and for dial tone rejection. clock generator.

where IC MT8870 converts the output of mobile into digital binery signal & IC 74LS04N boosts the output of MT8870 and gives it to MCU. The description of its all subunits is as following on the next page: .the signals prior to limiting. In the circuit IC‟s MT8870 & 74LS04N form the DTMF decoder section with its all components. in the ROBO these three IC‟S are used beside the MCU. Following the filter section is a decoder employing digital counting techniques to determine the frequencies of the incoming tones and to verify that they correspond to the standard DTMF frequencies CHAPTER.3 CIRCUIT & INTREFACING DESCRIPTION The circuit diagram oh DTMF ROBO is shown in the figure above. Limiting is performed by high-gain comparators which are provided with hysteresis to prevent detection of unwanted low-level signals.While L293D is motor driver IC which runs the motors. The outputs of the comparators provide full rail logic swings at the frequencies of the incoming DTMF signals.

Motor Driver Circuit L293D is a dual H-Bridge motor driver.5V to 36V. Smoothing – smooths the DC from varying greatly to a small ripple. The output supply (VCC2) has a wide range from 4. which has made L293D a best choice for DC motor driver. two DC motors can be interfaced which can be controlled in both clockwise and counter clockwise directions and its direction of motion can also be fixed.2A per channel. A power supply can by broken down into a series of blocks. For a 6V regulated supply : Each of the block has its own function as described below Transformer – steps down high voltage AC mains to low voltage AC. each of which performs a particular function. L293D has output current of 600mA and peak output current of 1. So with one IC. but the DC output is varying. Moreover for the protection of the circuit from back EMF. It is also known as "Full Bridge" By using two motors the robot can be moved in any direction.POWER SUPPLY UNIT (+6V) Power supplies are designed to convert high voltage AC mains electricity to a suitable low voltage supply for electronics circuits and other devices. Rectifier – converts AC to DC. output diodes are included within the IC. This Steering mechanism of the robot is called differential drive . Regulator – eliminates ripple by setting DC output to a fixed voltage. The name "H-Bridge" is derived from the actual shape of the switching circuit which controls the motion of the motor. The four I/O‟s can be used to connect upto four DC motors.

CK103 –Opamp Function Generator. 2001).ti. and Schematic. Inc.national.cfm/appnote_number/2081 Instructions.maxim-ic. http://www. http://focus. AB-035) http://focus.org/wiki/Dual-tone_multi-frequency  http://en.wikipedia.html Dallas Semiconductor.org . Texas Instruments.html    http://en.pdf Datasheet.com/appnotes. Operational Amplifier Function Generator.com/lit/ds/symlink/uaf42.com/docs/toolsw/folders/print/filter42.com/nationaledge/jun04/article. (Application Program No. Parts List. “Digitally Controlled Sine-Wave Generator. October 2005. “A Quick Sine Wave Generator. Burr-Brown (Texas Instruments) Universal Active Filter. Burr-Brown Corporation.” http://www.com/kit/complete/meas/ck102. Tucson. Filter42 [Computer program]. (1991.pdf.REFERENCE    Analog Edge. UAF42AP.wikipedia. UAF42 Design Program. http://electronickits.ti. AZ: Applications Engineering.

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