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International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. MSC.98(73) in December 2000.

INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Table of contents and Preamble For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01. Table of contents P ea b e Chapter 1 General Chapter 2 International shore connections Chapter 3 Personnel protection Chapter 4 Fire extinguishers Chapter 5 Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems Chapter 6 Fixed foam fire-extinguishing systems Chapter 7 Fixed pressure water-spraying and water-mist fire- extinguishing systems Chapter 8 Automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm systems Chapter 9 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems Chapter 10 Sample extraction smoke detection systems Chapter 11 Low-location lighting systems Chapter 12 Fixed emergency fire pumps Chapter 13 Arrangement of means of escape Chapter 14 Fixed deck foam systems Chapter 15 Inert gas systems THE INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS (Fire Safety Systems Code) PREAMBLE 1 The purpose of this Code is to provide international standards of specific engineering specifications for fire safety systems required by chapter II-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974, as amended. 2 On or after 1 July 2002, this Code will be mandatory for fire safety systems as required by the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended. Any future amendment to the Code must be adopted and brought into force in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article VIII of the Convention.

IMO-Vega Note
The FSS Code, adopted by res. MSC.98(73) 2000-12-05, is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments, in force from 2002-07-01.
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IMO-Vega

Document id: FS000000ABA

International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. MSC.98(73) in December 2000.

INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 1 - General For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01. Forthcoming amendments are highlighted. See also IMO-Vega Note for amendments See Contents for this Code

1 1.1

Application This code is applicable to fire safety systems as referred to in chapter II-2 of the International

Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended. 1.2 Unless expressly provided otherwise, this Code is applicable for the fire safety systems of ships the

keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July 2002. However, amendments to the Code adopted after 1 July 2002 shall apply only to ships the keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of construction, on or after the date on which the amendments enter into force, unless expressly provided otherwise. 2 Definitions ai i " means the Government of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly.

2.1 "Ad i i 2.2 2.3 "C e

" means the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended. S e C de" means the International Code for Fire Safety Systems as defined in

"Fi e Safe

chapter II-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended. 2.4 3 For the purpose of this Code, definitions provided in chapter II-2 of the Convention also apply. Use of equivalents and modern technology

In order to allow modern technology and development of fire safety systems, the Administrations may approve fire safety systems which are not specified in this Code if the requirements of Part F of chapter II-2 of the Convention are fulfilled. 4 Use of toxic extinguishing media

The use of a fire-extinguishing medium which, in the opinion of the Administration, either by itself or under expected conditions of use gives off toxic gases, liquids and other substances in such quantities as to
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IMO-Vega

endanger persons shall not be permitted.

IMO-Vega Guide
See MSC.1/Circ.1313 Guidance for application of Chapters 4 to 7 and 9 of the FSS Code, as amended by resolutions MSC.206(81) and MSC.217(82).

IMO-Vega Note
This regulation was amended by res. MSC.292(87), as inserted above, adopted 2010-05-21 and applicable from 2012-01-01: A new sentence was added to the end of paragraph 1.2. * * * The FSS Code, adopted by res. MSC.98(73) 2000-12-05, is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments, in force from 2002-07-01. Document id: FS000101ABA

International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. MSC.98(73) in December 2000.

INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 2 - International shore connections For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01
See Contents for this Code

1

Application

This chapter details the specifications for international shore connections as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. 2 2.1 Engineering specifications S a da d di e i

Standard dimensions of flanges for the international shore connection shall be in accordance with the following table: Table 2.1 - Standard dimensions for international shore connections De c i i Di e i
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Outside diameter Inside diameter Bolt circle diameter Slots in flange Flange thickness Bolts and nuts 2.2 Ma e ia

178 mm 64 mm 132 mm 4 holes 19 mm in diameter spaced equidistantly on a bolt circle of the above diameter, slotted to the flange periphery 14.5 mm minimum 4, each of 16 mm, 50 mm in length ie

a d acce

International shore connections shall be of steel or other equivalent material and shall be designed for 1.0 N/mm² services. The flange shall have a flat face on one side and, on the other side, it shall be permanently attached to a coupling that will fit the ship's hydrant and hose. The connection shall be kept aboard the ship together with a gasket of any material suitable for 1.0 N/mm² services, together with four bolts of 16 mm diameter and 50 mm in length, four 16 mm nuts, and eight washers.

IMO-Vega Note
The FSS Code, adopted by res. MSC.98(73) 2000-12-05, is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments, in force from 2002-07-01. Document id: FS000201ABA

International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. MSC.98(73) in December 2000.

INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 3 - Personnel protection For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01
See Contents for this Code

1

Application

This chapter details the specifications for personnel protection as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. 2 Engineering specifications Fire-fighter's outfit

2.1

A fire-fighter's outfit shall consist of a set of personal equipment and a breathing apparatus. 2.1.1 Pe a e i e
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3/26/12 IMO-Vega Personal equipment shall consist of the following: .2.2 .1. 2.1 Ge e a 2. The outer surface shall be water-resistant. 5/81 vp. nose and mouth which is secured in position by a suitable means.asp ?docId= .org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2. rigid helmet providing effective protection against impact.2. . 2.2 EEBDs shall not be used for fighting fires.5 kN for 5 min without failure. or worn by fire-fighters.1 protective clothing of material to protect the skin from the heat radiating from the fire and from burns and scalding by steam.1 An EEBD is a supplied air or oxygen device only used for escape from a compartment that has a hazardous atmosphere and shall be of an approved type. The lifeline shall be capable of being attached by means of a snap-hook to the harness of the apparatus or to a separate belt in order to prevent the breathing apparatus becoming detached when the lifeline is operated. In these events.3 . a self-contained breathing apparatus. shall be used. 2.2.3 "Ha a d a he e" means any atmosphere that is immediately dangerous to life or health. electric safety lamp (hand lantern) of an approved type with a minimum burning period of 3 h.imo. neck.2.2 axe with a handle provided with high-voltage insulation.1. the volume of air contained in the cylinders shall be at least 1.2.2.4 boots of rubber or other electrically non-conducting material. and . 2.2 Emergency escape breathing devices (EEBD) 2.2. or other self-contained breathing apparatus which shall be capable of functioning for at least 30 min. The lifeline shall successfully pass an approval test by statical load of 3.5 2. Electric safety lamps on tankers and those intended to be used in hazardous areas shall be of an explosion-proof type.1.2.200 l.2.1.2. All air cylinders for breathing apparatus shall be interchangeable. 2. and may cover portions of the shoulders. entering oxygen deficient voids or tanks.2 "H d" means a head covering which completely covers the head. which is specifically suited for such applications.3 Life i e For each breathing apparatus a fireproof lifeline of at least 30 m in length shall be provided.1 Defi i i "Face iece" means a face covering that is designed to form a complete seal around the eyes.2 2. B ea hi g a aa Breathing apparatus shall be a self-contained compressed air-operated breathing apparatus for which.

org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . Brief instructions or diagrams clearly illustrating their use shall be clearly printed on the EEBD. adopted by res.asp ?docId= 6/81 . Document id: FS000301ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.4 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.3. The EEBD shall include a hood or full face piece.2. shelf life with accompanying manufacture date and name of approving authority shall be printed on each EEBD. See also IMO-Vega Note See Contents for this Code vp. to protect the eyes. when stored. MSC. 2.3. IMO-Vega Guide 2.5 An inactivated EEBD shall be capable of being carried hands-free.1120 of 2 June 2004: Reference is made to IEC Publication 60079 Electrical Apparatus for E plosive Gas Atmospheres. as appropriate.2.1.98(73) 2000-12-05. MSC.1 2.2. also issued as MSC/Circ.4 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. IMO-Vega Note The FSS Code.2. An EEBD.2.3 2.2.2 Particulars The EEBD shall have a service duration of at least 10 min.2. manufacturer's trademark and serial number. Hoods and face pieces shall be constructed of flame resistant materials and include a clear window for viewing.3.Fire extinguishers For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01. in force from 2002-07-01. shall be suitably protected from the environment. All EEBD training units shall be clearly marked.4 Ma i g Maintenance requirements.98(73) in December 2000.3 2. The donning procedures shall be quick and easy to allow for situations where there is little time to seek safety from a hazardous atmosphere.3. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 4 . nose and mouth during escape. and amended in 2006.1. 2.imo.3.

1 System performance The nozzle/branch pipe and inductor shall be capable of producing effective foam suitable for extinguishing an oil fire.2.2 The Administration shall determine the equivalents of fire extinguishers. Recharging Only refills approved for the fire extinguisher in question shall be used for recharging. 3. The mass of all portable fire extinguishers shall not exceed 23 kg and they shall have a fire-extinguishing capability at least equivalent to that of a 9 l fluid extinguisher.1 P ab e f a a ica A portable foam applicator unit shall consist of a foam nozzle/branch pipe.1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fire extinguishers as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. 3.2 _______ * Refer to the Guidelines for the performance and testing criteria and surveys of low-expansion foam concentrates for fixed fire-extinguishing systems (MSC/Circ.2.2.1 3.1. together with a portable tank containing at least 20 l of foam concentrate and at least one spare tank of foam concentrate of the same capacity. 2 Type approval All fire extinguishers shall be of approved types and designs based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.951(23).org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2. 3. 3.* ___________ * Refer to the Guidelines for marine portable fire extinguishers adopted by the Organization by resolution A. 3.2.2.2.2 3.2. applicator unit shall not differ more than ± 10% of that determined in 3.2. at a foam solution flow rate of at least 200 l/min at the nominal pressure in the fire main.imo.582/Corr.1 Each powder or carbon dioxide extinguisher shall have a capacity of at least 5 kg and each foam extinguisher shall have a capacity of at least 9 l.1 Engineering specifications Fi e e i g i he Quantity of medium 3.2 3.3 The values of the foam expansion and drainage time of the foam produced by the portable foam The foam concentrate shall be approved by the Administration based on guidelines developed by the Organization*.1.2.1.asp ?docId= 7/81 .2. capable of being connected to the fire main by a fire hose. vp. either of a self-inducing type or in combination with a separate inductor.1).1.1.2 3. 3 3.

1. Revised guidelines for the performance and testing criteria. vibration.2 Partially emptied extinguishers should also be recharged.951(23).improved Guidelines for marine portable fire extinguishers.2. General / 3. as inserted above.2 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1313 Guidance for application of Chapters 4 to 7 and 9 of the FSS Code.1. * * * 3.1/Circ.217(82).1 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30: This should be applied to ships constructed on or after 1 January 2009. IMO-Vega Guide See MSC.1.imo.217(82).951(23) . and surveys of foam concentrates for fixed fire-extinguishing systems. * * * See MSC.4 The portable foam applicator unit shall be designed to withstand clogging. * * * See MSC. 3. IMO-Vega Note This chapter was amended by res.1. adopted 2006-12-08 and applicable from 2008-07-01: Paragraph 3. to be developed by ISO (ISO/DIS 7156E).1.2.1. MSC. Previous text applicable from 2002-07-01 to 2008-07-01: " 3. ambient temperature changes. as amended by resolutions MSC.2 P ab e f a a ica A portable foam applicator unit shall consist of a foam nozzle of an inductor type capable of being vp.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 3. also issued as MSC/Circ.206(81) and MSC.1/Circ. humidity.2 was replaced. shock.2 Reference is made to the international standard on fire protection equipment .1.1.performance and construction.1275 Unified interpretation of SOLAS Chapter II-2 on the number and arrangement of portable fire extinguishers on board ships.2 / 3.portable fire extinguisher . 3.1312 of 2009-06-10. impact and corrosion normally encountered on ships.1/Circ.asp ?docId= 8/81 . as amended by resolution A.1120 of 2 June 2004: Reference is made to resolution A.

1.1 2. MSC.imo. Alternatively. 2. " * * * The FSS Code. the quantity of medium available need not be more than the largest quantity required for any one space so protected. converted to free air volume.1. MSC.1. 2 2. piping and associated pressure 9/81 vp. Document id: FS000401ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. together with a portable tank containing at least 20 l of foam-making liquid and one spare tank of foam making liquid. 2.1 2. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 5 . See also IMO-Vega Note See also Chapter 5 applicable before 2010-07-01 See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. The system shall be fitted with normally closed control valves arranged to direct the agent into the appropriate space.1.1. in force from 2002-07-01. a discharge pipe from the safety valves may be fitted and led directly to the open air.5 m3 /min. as amended May 2006.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega connected to the fire main by a fire hose.1.1.3 Means shall be provided for the crew to safely check the quantity of the fire-extinguishing medium in the containers. The nozzle shall be capable of producing effective foam suitable for extinguishing an oil fire. adopted by res.4 Containers for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium.2 The volume of starting air receivers.1. 2.asp ?docId= . is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments.98(73) in December 2000.Fixed gas fire extinguishing For ships constructed on or after 2010-07-01. shall be added to the gross volume of the machinery space when calculating the necessary quantity of the fire-extinguishing medium.1 Engineering specifications Ge e a Fire-extinguishing medium Where the quantity of the fire-extinguishing medium is required to protect more than one space. at the rate of at least 1.98(73) 2000-12-05.

a 1: Seamless steel tubes for pressure purposes .2 Except as otherwise permitted by the Administration. other than steam. pressure containers required for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium.1.2 2.3 Spare parts for the system shall be stored on board and be to the satisfaction of the Administration. System flow calculations shall be performed using a calculation technique acceptable to the Administration. a 2: Seamless steel tubes for pressure purposes . ISO 9329.imo. ISO 5923: Fire protection Fire-extinguishing media Carbon dioxide.1.Technical delivery conditions Part 2: Electric resistance and induction welded unalloyed and alloyed steel tubes with specified elevated temperature properties.3/26/12 IMO-Vega components shall be designed to pressure codes of practice to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to their locations and maximum ambient temperatures expected in service. ISO 6406: Periodic inspection and testing of seamless steel gas cylinders. 2.Technical delivery conditions Part 1: Unalloyed steel tubes with specified room temperature properties. ISO 9330.1. ISO 13769: Gas cylinders Stamp marking.2.1. a 1: Welded steel tubes for pressure purposes .4. ISO 9330. filling ratio and marking for seamless steel CO2 cylinders used in fixed fire fighting installations on ships.2. specifying the principal external dimensions.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . shall be located outside the protected spaces in accordance with regulation II-2/10. such sections shall be fitted with a pressure relief valve and the outlet of the valve shall be led to open deck. 2.2.1. For fixed fire-fighting installations on ships.Technical delivery conditions Part 2: Unalloyed and alloyed steels with specified elevated temperature properties. construction and testing).3 of the Convention. * ____________________ * Publication ISO 9809/1: Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders (design. 2.2.2.4 In piping sections where valve arrangements introduce sections of closed piping. The piping and associated equipment shall vp. ISO 3500: Seamless steel CO2 cylinders. ISO 9329.5 All discharge piping.1 Installation requirements The piping for the distribution of fire-extinguishing medium shall be arranged and discharge nozzles so positioned that a uniform distribution of the medium is obtained.1.Technical delivery conditions Part 1: Unalloyed steels with specified room temperature properties. accessories. 2. fittings and nozzles in the protected spaces shall be constructed of materials having a melting temperature which exceeds 925°C. 2. a 2: Welded steel tubes for pressure purposes .asp ?docId= 10/81 . in order to facilitate their interchange ability.

2. the gas connection shall be blanked during such use.asp ?docId= 11/81 . The pipes may pass through accommodations providing that they are of substantial thickness and that their tightness is verified with a pressure test. The pipes shall not pass through refrigerated spaces. the quantity of carbon dioxide carried shall be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to the larger of the following volumes.1. 2.1 Ca b di ide e Quantity of fire-extinguishing medium For cargo spaces. be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 30% of the gross volume of the largest cargo space to be protected in the ship. either: .1.4 Automatic release of fire-extinguishing medium shall not be permitted. except as permitted by the Administration.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1. and the alarms should be distinguished from other audible alarms by adjustment of sound pressure or sound patterns. paint lockers.1.2 Means shall be provided for automatically giving audible and visual warning of the release of fire- extinguishing medium into any ro-ro spaces and other spaces in which personnel normally work or to which they have access.1. by opening of the release cabinet door).3 The means of control of any fixed gas fire-extinguishing system shall be readily accessible. at a pressure head not less than 5 N/mm². Suitable provisions shall be made to prevent inadvertent release of the medium into the space.1 System control requirements The necessary pipes for conveying fire-extinguishing medium into the protected spaces shall be provided with control valves so marked as to indicate clearly the spaces to which the pipes are led. 2.2 2. 2. 2. The pre-discharge alarm shall be automatically activated (e.1 40% of the gross volume of the largest machinery space so protected.1. etc. the volume to exclude that part of the casing above the level at which the horizontal area of the casing is 40% or less of the vp. simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in a protected space.1. after their installation. the quantity of carbon dioxide available shall.. pipes passing through accommodation areas shall be joined only by welding and shall not be fitted with drains or other openings within such spaces.2 For machinery spaces. The alarm shall operate for the length of time needed to evacuate the space. In addition.imo.3 2.2. Where a cargo space fitted with a gas fire-extinguishing system is used as a passenger space. but in no case less than 20 s before the medium is released. 2.1.3.g.2. unless otherwise provided.1 2. 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega be adequately supported.3.2.6 A fitting shall be installed in the discharge piping to permit the air testing as required by paragraph 2.3.) with only a local release need not be provided with such an alarm. Conventional cargo spaces and small spaces (such as compressor rooms. At each location there shall be clear instructions relating to the operation of the system having regard to the safety of personnel.3.2.3.2.1. The audible alarms shall be located so as to be audible throughout the protected space with all machinery operating.

2.1.2. 2. a key to the box shall be in a break-glass-type enclosure conspicuously located adjacent to the box.asp ?docId= 12/81 . and a functional test of the alarm equipment. 2.2 the two controls shall be located inside a release box clearly identified for the particular space.1. the following shall be carried out: .4 a test of the free air flow in all pipes and nozzles. Low-pressure CO2 system Where a low pressure CO2 system is fitted to comply with this regulation.5 For machinery spaces.4 For the purpose of this paragraph the volume of free carbon dioxide shall be calculated at 0.2 2. the fixed piping system shall be such that 85% of the gas can be discharged into the space within 2 min.2.2.1 two separate controls shall be provided for releasing carbon dioxide into a protected space and to ensure the activation of the alarm.2. pressure-tested and inspected.000 gross tonnage where two or more machinery spaces.1. which are not entirely separate. One control shall be used for opening the valve of the piping which conveys the gas into the protected space and a second control shall be used to discharge the gas from its storage containers.2 Controls Carbon dioxide systems shall comply with the following requirements: .imo. 2. 2.1. or . the following applies.2.2.3 35% of the gross volume of the largest machinery space protected.2. and . Positive means shall be provided so they can only be operated in that order. are considered as forming one space. If the box containing the controls is to be locked.4.2.4.2 The rated amount of liquid carbon dioxide shall be stored in vessel(s) under the working pressure in the range of 1. for cargo ships of less than 2. including the casing. The normal liquid charge in the container shall be limited to provide sufficient vapour space to allow for expansion of the liquid under the maximum storage temperatures than can be obtained corresponding to the setting of the pressure relief valves but shall not exceed 95% of the volumetric capacity of the container.56 m3 /kg.1 . respectively.2 N/mm².3 Testing of the installation When the system has been installed.3/26/12 IMO-Vega horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing.8 N/mm² to 2.2 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1 The system control devices and the refrigerating plants shall be located within the same room where the pressure vessels are stored. 2.2 above may be reduced to 35% and 30%. 2. vp. The percentages specified in paragraph 2.

7 2.2.4. The stand-by pump may be a pump used for other services so long as its use for cooling would not interfere with any other essential service of the ship.2.5 The vessel(s) and outgoing pipes permanently filled with carbon dioxide shall have thermal insulation preventing the operation of the safety valve in 24 h after de-energizing the plant.1 times working pressure. The two safety relief valves shall be arranged so that either valve can be shut off while the other is connected to the vessel.2 .4. 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.3 . preferably one port and one starboard.2.8 N/mm².2.4.asp ?docId= 13/81 . low pressure alarm: not less than 1. The setting of the relief valves shall not be less than 1.2.6 The vessel(s) shall be serviced by two automated completely independent refrigerating units solely intended for this purpose.imo.4 .2.4 Provision shall be made for: pressure gauge. each comprising a compressor and the relevant prime mover.8 Each electric refrigerating unit shall be supplied from the main switchboard busbars by a separate feeder.3 . Cooling water shall be taken from not less than two sea connections. at ambient temperature of 45°C and an initial pressure equal to the starting pressure of the refrigeration unit.2.11 Audible and visual alarms shall be given in a central control station or. where a central control station is not provided. when: vp.7 The refrigerating capacity and the automatic control of each unit shall be so as to maintain the required temperature under conditions of continuous operation during 24 h at sea temperatures up to 32°C and ambient air temperatures up to 45°C. liquid CO2 level indicator. and two safety valves.5 .4. fitted on the vessel(s).2.4.2. in accordance with regulation II-1/51. 2. evaporator and condenser.4. 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . The capacity of each valve shall be such that the vapours generated under fire condition can be discharged with a pressure rise not more than 20% above the setting pressure. 2. 2. high pressure alarm: not more than setting of the relief valve.4. 2. The discharge from the safety valves shall be led to the open. branch pipes with stop valves for filling the vessel.9 Cooling water supply to the refrigerating plant (where required) shall be provided from at least two circulating pumps one of which being used as a stand-by. discharge pipes. 2.4.4.10 Safety relief devices shall be provided in each section of pipe that may be isolated by block valves and in which there could be a build-up of pressure in excess of the design pressure of any of the components.1 .6 .

2.5 Equivalent fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems for machinery spaces and cargo pump-rooms Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems equivalent to those specified in paragraphs 2.asp ?docId= 14/81 .3.4.2 .12 shall be provided.2.2.3 Re ie e f ea e The boiler or boilers available for supplying steam shall have an evaporation of at least 1 kg of steam per hour for each 0.3/26/12 IMO-Vega .4.4.2. is produced on the ship and is used as a fire-extinguishing medium. and to the satisfaction of.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2.13 If a device is provided which automatically regulates the discharge of the rated quantity of carbon dioxide into the protected spaces.4. 2. 2. automatic timer or accurate level indicators located at the control position(s).2. 2.2 to 2. 2.2.75 m3 of the gross volume of the largest space so protected.2 2. the Administration. In addition to complying with the foregoing requirements.4. it shall afford protection equivalent to that provided by a fixed system using carbon dioxide as the medium.2.4. the carbon monoxide content. If the system serves more than one space. the system shall comply with the requirements in paragraph 2. as permitted by paragraph 2.4. means for control of discharge quantities of CO2 2.g.4. or the lowest permissible level of the liquid in the vessels is reached.4.1 Requirements of the systems Gaseous products Gas shall be a gaseous product of fuel combustion in which the oxygen content.4 shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.4 2.2.1 .1 Capacity of fire-extinguishing systems Where such gas is used as the fire-extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of machinery spaces. * __________________ vp. the corrosive elements and any solid combustible elements in a gaseous product shall have been reduced to a permissible minimum. the systems in all respects shall be as determined by.imo.2. 2.3 the pressure in the vessel(s) reaches the low and high values according to paragraph 2.1 S e General i g ga e d c ff e c b i Where gas other than carbon dioxide or steam. it shall be also possible to regulate the discharge manually. 2. e.2. a sufficient quantity of such gas shall be available to supply hourly a volume of free gas at least equal to 25% of the gross volume of the largest space protected in this way for a period of 72 h.2.2 Where such gas is used as the fire-extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of cargo spaces.2 2.4. any one of the refrigerating units fails to operate.

3 M Means for checking the quantity of medium in containers should be so arranged that it is not necessary to move the containers completely from their fixing position.3 and SOLAS II-2/10.3/26/12 IMO-Vega * Refer to the Revised guidelines for the approval of equivalent fixed gas fire extinguishing systems.1/Circ.1.3) . also issued as MSC. * * * From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.3.206(81) and MSC.2. but aft of the collision bulkhead or aft its imaginary vertical line. for instance.1. The remote controls should be placed in the accommodation area in order to facilitate their ready accessibility by the crew.3.1.1240 of 30 October 2007: Fire-extinguishing media protecting the cargo holds may be stored in a room located forward the cargo holds. 2.4. as referred to in SOLAS 74.2 vp. IMO-Vega Guide See MSC. for machinery spaces (MSC/Circ.1120 of 2 June 2004: 2. 2. as amended by resolutions MSC. * * * MSC/Circ. as appropriate.1. II-2/9.3.to be uniformly implemented by IACS Societies for ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January 2007.2. The capability to release different quantities of fire extinguishing media into different cargo holds so protected should be included in the remote release arrangement.4. provided that both the local manual release mechanism and remote control(s) for the release of the media are fitted. as referred to in SOLAS 74.217(82).1165 includes: Revised Guidelines for The Approval of Equivalent Water-Based FireExtinguishing Systems For Machinery Spaces and Cargo Pump-Rooms. by providing hanging bars above each bottle row for a weighing device or by using suitable surface indicators.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . ….imo. also issued as MSC/Circ.1. This is achieved.1 S Two spaces can be considered as separated spaces where fire divisions as required by SOLAS regulations II-2/9.Guidance for application of Chapters 4 to 7 and 9 of the FSS Code.2.asp ?docId= 15/81 .2. for machinery spaces and cargo pump rooms (MSC/Circ. and that the latter is of robust construction or so protected as to remain operable in case of fire in the protected spaces. The above UI was originally issued as an IACS UI (SC204 (Apr 2006) FSS Code para 5. * * * 2.1313 of 2009-06-10 .1.1007).1/Circ.848) and the Guidelines for the approval of fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing systems equivalent to fixed gas fire extinguishing systems.1.3 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.2. or divisions of steel are provided between them.3 and II-2/9.

fitted on the vessel(s). The discharge from the safety valves should be led to the open. but aft of the collision bulkhead or aft of its imaginary vertical line. provided that both the local manual release mechanism and remote control(s) for the release of the media are fitted.imo.1. ro ro cargo spaces. and that the latter is of robust construction or so protected as to remain operable in case of fire in the protected spaces. high pressure alarm: not more than the setting of the relief valve.2.3 S Fire-extinguishing media protecting the cargo holds may be stored in a room located forward of the cargo holds.2 L CO2 Where a low pressure CO 2 system is fitted to comply with this regulation. branch pipes with stop valves for filling the vessel. Provision should be made for: pressure gauge. The normal liquid charge in the container should be limited to provide sufficient vapour space to allow for expansion of the liquid under the maximum storage temperatures that can be obtained corresponding to the setting of the pressure relief valves but should not exceed 95% of the volumetric capacity of the container. The capacity of each valve should be such that the vapours generated under fire condition can be discharged with a pressure rise not more than 20% above the setting pressure. the following applies: 1 2 The system control devices and the refrigerating plants should be located within the same room where the pressure vessels are stored. 2. The remote controls should be placed in the accommodation area in order to facilitate their ready accessibility by the crew. holds in container ships equipped for integrated reefer containers and other spaces where personnel can be expected to enter and where the access is therefore facilitated by doors or manway hatches should comply with the above regulation.2 N/mm2 . 2. The rated amount of liquid carbon dioxide should be stored in vessel(s) under the working pressure in the range of 1.8 N/mm2 . The capability to release different quantities of fire extinguishing media into different cargo holds so protected should be included in the remote release arrangement. two safety valves. 4 The two safety relief valves should be arranged so that either valve can be shut off while the other is connected to the vessel. at ambient temperature of 45 o C and an initial pressure equal to the starting pressure 16/81 3 5 vp.1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega C Ordinary cargo holds need not comply with 2.3.asp ?docId= . low pressure alarm: not less than 1.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1 times working pressure.8 to 2. However. The vessel(s) and outgoing pipes permanently filled with carbon dioxide should have thermal insulation preventing the operation of the safety valve in 24 hours after de energizing the plant. The setting of the relief valves should not be less than 1. liquid CO 2 level indicator. discharge pipes.3.

evaporator and condenser. Safety relief devices should be provided in each section of pipe that may be isolated by block valves and in which there could be a build-up of pressure in excess of the design pressure of any of the components.g. *** 2.2 Nov 2005): P : 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 The pre-discharge alarm shall be automatically activated.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC63 (Rev. 13 If the system serves more than one space.3.g. Audible and visual alarms should be given in a central control station when: the pressure in the vessel(s) reaches the low and high values according to 2. each comprising a compressor and the relevant prime mover. Cooling water should be taken from not less than two sea connections. any one of the refrigerating units fails to operate. The piping system should be designed in such a way that the CO 2 pressure at the nozzles should not be less than 1 N/mm2 .org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . * * * vp.1. An automatic time-delay device shall ensure that the alarm operates for at least 20sec. it should also be possible to regulate the discharge manually.830(19)). preferably one port and one starboard. 1995 (resolution A.asp ?docId= 17/81 . the lowest permissible level of the liquid in the vessels is reached. e. 6 The vessel(s) should be serviced by two automated completely independent refrigerating units solely intended for this purpose. automatic timer or accurate level indicators located at the control position(s). UI SC25 is similar to the interpretation in MSC/Circ. Each electric refrigerating unit should be supplied from the main switchboard busbars by a separate feeder.3/26/12 IMO-Vega of the refrigeration unit. e. Cooling water supply to the refrigerating plant (where required) should be provided from at least two circulating pumps one of which being used as a stand by.. The stand by pump may be a pump used for other services so long as its use for cooling would not interfere with any other essential service of the ship. 1120 concerning the FSS Code: Reference is made to the Code on Alarms and Indicators (A1 Code). means for control of discharge quantities of CO 2 should be provided.1 2001) (Rev.imo. If a device is provided which automatically regulates the discharge of the rated quantity of carbon dioxide into the protected spaces. (See also UI SC25). by opening of release cabinet door. The refrigerating capacity and the automatic control of each unit should be so as to maintain the required temperature under conditions of continuous operation during 24 hours at sea temperatures of up to 32 o C and ambient air temperatures of up to 45 o C. before the medium is released.

1.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC170 (Rev. 1120.2.2 Nov 2005): CO2 D T : These requirements may be checked by suitable calculations.2 of FSS Code as interpreted by MSC/Circ. For further details regarding the date of "contract for construction". 1999. * * * 2.2. _____________________ Note: 1. refer to IACS Procedural Requirement (PR) No. Nov 2005): L CO2 : This UI is similar to the text above from MSC/Circ.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.5 IACS Unified Interpretation SC128 (May.asp ?docId= 18/81 . This Unified Interpretation is to be applied by all Members and Associates on ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January. 29. * * * 2.1 July 2004) (and SOLAS II-2/20.1. Additionally this UI has the following Note: Note: This UI SC170 is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates from 1 January 2003.imo.1 July 2004) (Rev.5. vp. 2. 1. For further details regarding the date of "contract for construction".1.2.1.1 Sept 2010): R O CO2 S : These requirements only apply to systems protecting those spaces which are normally manned.3.1998) (Rev. The "contracted for construction" date means the date on which the contract to build the vessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder. 1998) (Rev.2. 2. 1999. The requirements of FSS Code. The "contracted for construction" date means the date on which the contract to build the vessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder. This Unified Interpretation is to be applied by all Members and Associates on ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2. refer to IACS Procedural Requirement (PR) No.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC132 (May. Nov 2005) (Rev.3 May 2010) (Corr. ref. 2. ___________ Note: 1.1) (Rev. Ch 5. 1120.2 apply to the spaces identified in Ch 5. 2.6. 29.2.

The release lines shall be so arranged that in the event of damage to any power release line. five sixth of the fire extinguishing gas can still be discharged.3. Rev.asp ?docId= 19/81 . the remaining bottles will discharge the minimum five sixth of the required amount of gas. However. NOAEL values calculated at the highest expected engine room temperature are not to be exceeded when discharging the total amount of extinguishing gas simultaneously. * * * vp. See also Chapter 5 applicable before 2010-07-01. Systems that can not comply with the above. five sixth of the fire extinguishing gas can still be discharged. the total amount of extinguishing gas on the bottles shall be such that in the event of a single failure to one of the release lines (including bottle valve). MSC. This may be achieved by for instance using more extinguishing gas than required so that if one bottle is not discharging due to a single fault. in a dedicated room in compliance with SOLAS Reg. IMO-Vega Note This chapter was renewed as inserted above by res.II-2/10.5 IACS Unified Interpretation SC200 (June 2005): C I e e ai : : Agent containers stored in a protected space shall be distributed throughout the space with bottles or groups of bottles located in at least six separate locations. paragraph 11. Technical Background for this IACS UI (June 2005): This UI was developed to ensure a proper distribution of the containers of extinguishing gas where they are stored within the protected space. This can be achieved with minimum two bottles.206(81). Such systems shall be designed with the bottle(s) located outside the protected space. can not be accepted. The bottle valves are considered to be part of the release lines and a single failure shall include also failure of the bottle valve. * * * 2.4. For systems that need less than six cylinders (using the smallest bottles available). ___________________ Note: This UI is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates on ships the keels of which are laid from 1 January 2006.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . for instance systems using only one bottle located inside the protected space.848.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 3. and on the basis of MSC/Circ. adopted 2006-05-18 and expected applicable from 2010-07-01.3 of this UI shall be uniformly implemented by IACS Societies on ships contracted for construction on or after 1 July 2010.imo. Duplicate power release lines shall be arranged to release all bottles simultaneously. See also Technical Background for this IACS UI.

other than steam. 2. the gas connection vp.1.1. Suitable provision shall be made to prevent inadvertent release of the medium into the space. 2 2. Alternatively.1.4 Containers for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium and associated pressure components shall be designed to pressure codes of practice to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to their locations and maximum ambient temperatures expected in service. MSC.1.1.1 2.1. a discharge pipe from the safety valves may be fitted and led directly to the open air. 2.1 The necessary pipes for conveying fire-extinguishing medium into the protected spaces shall be provided with control valves so marked as to indicate clearly the spaces to which the pipes are led.98(73) 2000-12-05.2 Installation requirements 2.1.1.3 Means shall be provided for the crew to safely check the quantity of the fire-extinguishing medium in the containers.extinguishing system is used as a passenger space.1. in force from 2002-07-01.1 Where the quantity of extinguishing medium is required to protect more than one space. shall be located outside the protected spaces in accordance with regulation II-2/10. 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega The FSS Code.3 of the Convention. Document id: FS000501ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.3 Spare parts for the system shall be stored on board and be to the satisfaction of the Administration. the quantity of medium available need not be more than the largest quantity required for any one space so protected. 2.2 The volume of starting air receivers.1. shall be added to the gross volume of the machinery space when calculating the necessary quantity of the fire-extinguishing medium. adopted by res.1.1 The piping for the distribution of fire-extinguishing medium shall be arranged and discharge nozzles so positioned that a uniform distribution of the medium is obtained.4. converted to free air volume.2. Where a cargo space fitted with a gas fire.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2.asp ?docId= 20/81 .1.Fixed gas fire extinguishing For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 and before 2010-07-01 See Chapter 5 applicable after 2010-07-01 (ref. pressure containers required for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium. MSC.2. 2.3. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments.1 Engineering specifications Ge e a Fire-extinguishing medium 2.3 System control requirements 2.1. Note) See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.1.imo.1.98(73) in December 2000 INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 5 .2. 2.2 Except as otherwise permitted by the Administration.

are considered as forming one space.1.3 The percentages specified in paragraph 2. a key to the box shall be in a break. and to the satisfaction of.g. simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in a protected space. unless otherwise provided..) with only a local release need not be provided with such an alarm.3/26/12 IMO-Vega shall be blanked during such use. 2.1.2 Means shall be provided for automatically giving audible warning of the release of fireextinguishing medium into any ro-ro spaces and other spaces in which personnel normally work or to which they have access. 2.1 For cargo spaces the quantity of carbon dioxide available shall. 2. 2.asp ?docId= . In addition.2. respectively. 2.1 40% of the gross volume of the largest machinery space so protected.3.1 two separate controls shall be provided for releasing carbon dioxide into a protected space and to ensure the activation of the alarm.5 For machinery spaces the fixed piping system shall be such that 85% of the gas can be discharged into the space within 2 min.2. or 35% of the gross volume of the largest machinery space protected.1.2 2.2.1 Ca b di ide e Quantity of fire extinguishing medium 2. .3.000 gross tonnage where two or more machinery spaces. Re ie e f ea e .2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . In addition to complying with the foregoing requirements the systems in all respects shall be as determined by.2 Controls Carbon dioxide systems shall comply with the following requirements: . be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 30% of the gross volume of the largest cargo space to be protected in the ship.2. 2.4 m3 /kg. the volume to exclude that part of the casing above the level at which the horizontal area of the casing is 40% or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing. pipes passing through accommodation areas shall be joined only by welding and shall not be fitted with drains or other openings within such spaces.1.3 The boiler or boilers available for supplying steam shall have an evaporation of at least 1 kg of steam per hour for each 0. for cargo ships of less than 2. which are not entirely separate.1. either: . and the two controls shall be located inside a release box clearly identified for the particular space. at a pressure head not less than 5 N/mm2 .2 For machinery spaces the quantity of carbon dioxide carried shall be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to the larger of the following volumes. The pre-discharge alarm shall be automatically activated e. The pipes shall not pass through refrigerated spaces.1. after their installation. The pipes may pass through accommodations providing that they are of substantial thickness and that their tightness is verified with a pressure test.imo.2 2.3.1.56 2. etc.2 above may be reduced to 35% and 30%.1.2 2. except as permitted by the Administration. but in no case less than 20 s before the medium is released. by opening of the release cabinet door.glass-type enclosure conspicuously located adjacent to the box.4 S e i g ga e d c ff e c b i 21/81 vp. One control shall be used for opening the valve of the piping which conveys the gas into the protected space and a second control shall be used to discharge the gas from its storage containers. the Administration.75 m3 of the gross volume of the largest space so protected. 2. including the casing. For the purpose of this paragraph the volume of free carbon dioxide shall be calculated at 0.1. If the box containing the controls is to be locked. Conventional cargo spaces and small spaces (such as compressor rooms.3 The means of control of any fixed gas fire-extinguishing system shall be readily accessible.2.2. The alarm shall operate for the length of time needed to evacuate the space. At each location there shall be clear instructions relating to the operation of the system having regard to the safety of personnel.2. 2.4 Automatic release of fire-extinguishing medium shall not be permitted. paint lockers.

the carbon monoxide content. as permitted by paragraph 2.848). the system shall comply with the requirements in paragraph 2.2. also issued as MSC. as amended by resolutions MSC. ….4 shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.1 Re ie e f he e Gaseous products Gas shall be a gaseous product of fuel combustion in which the oxygen content.to be uniformly implemented by IACS Societies for ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January 2007. and that the latter is of robust construction or so protected as to remain operable in case of fire in the protected spaces.4.2 Capacity of fire-extinguishing systems 2. 2.2 to 2.4. but aft of the collision bulkhead or aft its imaginary vertical line.3 and SOLAS II-2/10.4. it shall afford protection equivalent to that provided by a fixed system using carbon dioxide as the medium. for machinery spaces and cargo pump rooms (MSC/Circ. 2. is produced on the ship and is used as a fire-extinguishing medium.1.1.2.1 Ge e a Where gas other than carbon dioxide or steam.2.2.4.3 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.2.1240 of 30 October 2007: Fire-extinguishing media protecting the cargo holds may be stored in a room located forward the cargo holds.2.4.206(81) and MSC.1313 of 2009-06-10 . 2. 2.3) .Guidance for application of Chapters 4 to 7 and 9 of the FSS Code.1/Circ. * * * MSC/Circ. as referred to in SOLAS 74.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.2.3.asp ?docId= 22/81 . * * * vp. The capability to release different quantities of fire extinguishing media into different cargo holds so protected should be included in the remote release arrangement. The above UI was originally issued as an IACS UI (SC204 (Apr 2006) FSS Code para 5.4.3. IMO-Vega Guide See MSC.* _______ * Refer to the revised guidelines for the approval of equivalent fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems.1/Circ.2 Where such gas is used as the fire-extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of cargo spaces. a sufficient quantity of such gas shall be available to supply hourly a volume of free gas at least equal to 25 % of the gross volume of the largest space protected in this way for a period of 72 h. provided that both the local manual release mechanism and remote control(s) for the release of the media are fitted. the corrosive elements and any solid combustible elements in a gaseous product shall have been reduced to a permissible minimum.3.2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1165 includes: Revised Guidelines for The Approval of Equivalent Water-Based FireExtinguishing Systems For Machinery Spaces and Cargo Pump-Rooms.1 Where such gas is used as the fire-extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of machinery spaces.4. * * * 2.5 E i ae fi ed ga fi e-e i g i hi g e f achi e ace a d ca g Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems equivalent to those specified in paragraphs 2.imo.4.2 2.217(82). The remote controls should be placed in the accommodation area in order to facilitate their ready accessibility by the crew.

This is achieved.4.3 S Fire-extinguishing media protecting the cargo holds may be stored in a room located forward of the cargo holds.1120 of 2 June 2004: 2. ro ro cargo spaces.2 C Ordinary cargo holds need not comply with 2.1.8 to 2.1.1. However. The remote controls should be placed in the accommodation area in order to facilitate their ready accessibility by the crew.3.3/26/12 IMO-Vega From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.1.1.1. by providing hanging bars above each bottle row for a weighing device or by using suitable surface indicators. as appropriate.1 S Two spaces can be considered as separated spaces where fire divisions as required by SOLAS regulations II-2/9.3 M Means for checking the quantity of medium in containers should be so arranged that it is not necessary to move the containers completely from their fixing position.1.2. 2. 3 vp. 2.2.2. Provision should be made for: pressure gauge.3.3 and II-2/9. holds in container ships equipped for integrated reefer containers and other spaces where personnel can be expected to enter and where the access is therefore facilitated by doors or manway hatches should comply with the above regulation. for instance. the following applies: 1 2 The system control devices and the refrigerating plants should be located within the same room where the pressure vessels are stored. 2.2 L CO2 Where a low pressure CO 2 system is fitted to comply with this regulation. but aft of the collision bulkhead or aft of its imaginary vertical line.2.imo. The capability to release different quantities of fire extinguishing media into different cargo holds so protected should be included in the remote release arrangement.2 N/mm2 . or divisions of steel are provided between them.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . provided that both the local manual release mechanism and remote control(s) for the release of the media are fitted.3. also issued as MSC/Circ. II-2/9. The normal liquid charge in the container should be limited to provide sufficient vapour space to allow for expansion of the liquid under the maximum storage temperatures that can be obtained corresponding to the setting of the pressure relief valves but should not exceed 95% of the volumetric capacity of the container. and that the latter is of robust construction or so protected as to remain operable in case of fire in the protected spaces. The rated amount of liquid carbon dioxide should be stored in vessel(s) under the working pressure in the range of 1. 2.2.asp ?docId= 23/81 .

1 times working pressure. each comprising a compressor and the relevant prime mover. The piping system should be designed in such a way that the CO 2 pressure at the nozzles should not be less than 1 N/mm2 . any one of the refrigerating units fails to operate. e.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . low pressure alarm: not less than 1. liquid CO 2 level indicator. it should also be possible to regulate the 24/81 14 vp. Cooling water should be taken from not less than two sea connections. The discharge from the safety valves should be led to the open. preferably one port and one starboard.. The refrigerating capacity and the automatic control of each unit should be so as to maintain the required temperature under conditions of continuous operation during 24 hours at sea temperatures of up to 32 o C and ambient air temperatures of up to 45 o C. Cooling water supply to the refrigerating plant (where required) should be provided from at least two circulating pumps one of which being used as a stand by. the lowest permissible level of the liquid in the vessels is reached.imo. The capacity of each valve should be such that the vapours generated under fire condition can be discharged with a pressure rise not more than 20% above the setting pressure. means for control of discharge quantities of CO 2 should be provided.g. 4 The two safety relief valves should be arranged so that either valve can be shut off while the other is connected to the vessel. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Audible and visual alarms should be given in a central control station when: the pressure in the vessel(s) reaches the low and high values according to 2. at ambient temperature of 45 o C and an initial pressure equal to the starting pressure of the refrigeration unit. 13 If the system serves more than one space. discharge pipes. fitted on the vessel(s).8 N/mm2 .3/26/12 IMO-Vega high pressure alarm: not more than the setting of the relief valve. Each electric refrigerating unit should be supplied from the main switchboard busbars by a separate feeder. two safety valves. The vessel(s) and outgoing pipes permanently filled with carbon dioxide should have thermal insulation preventing the operation of the safety valve in 24 hours after de energizing the plant.asp ?docId= . The stand by pump may be a pump used for other services so long as its use for cooling would not interfere with any other essential service of the ship. The vessel(s) should be serviced by two automated completely independent refrigerating units solely intended for this purpose. If a device is provided which automatically regulates the discharge of the rated quantity of carbon dioxide into the protected spaces. Safety relief devices should be provided in each section of pipe that may be isolated by block valves and in which there could be a build-up of pressure in excess of the design pressure of any of the components. branch pipes with stop valves for filling the vessel. evaporator and condenser. The setting of the relief valves should not be less than 1. automatic timer or accurate level indicators located at the control position(s).

3/26/12 IMO-Vega discharge manually.3. e. before the medium is released. * * * vp. refer to IACS Procedural Requirement (PR) No. 1995 (resolution A. by opening of release cabinet door.2. 1998) (Rev. An automatic time-delay device shall ensure that the alarm operates for at least 20sec.imo.2 Nov 2005): P : The pre-discharge alarm shall be automatically activated.2.1) (Rev. * * * 2.2. UI SC25 is similar to the interpretation in MSC/Circ.2 Nov 2005): CO2 D T : These requirements may be checked by suitable calculations. 1120 concerning the FSS Code: Reference is made to the Code on Alarms and Indicators (A1 Code). 1999.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC63 (Rev.5 IACS Unified Interpretation SC128 (May. * * * 2.1. 2.1.1 July 2004) (and SOLAS II-2/20. Additionally this UI has the following Note: Note: This UI SC170 is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates from 1 January 2003. *** 2. ref. For further details regarding the date of "contract for construction". (See also UI SC25). ___________ Note: 1. 1. 1120.g. 29.1 2001) (Rev.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC170 (Rev.6.5.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1. This Unified Interpretation is to be applied by all Members and Associates on ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January. The "contracted for construction" date means the date on which the contract to build the vessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder.830(19)).asp ?docId= 25/81 . Nov 2005): L CO2 : This UI is similar to the text above from MSC/Circ.1.

5 IACS Unified Interpretation SC200 (June 2005): C I e e ai : : Agent containers stored in a protected space shall be distributed throughout the space with bottles or groups of bottles located in at least six separate locations. vp.3 May 2010) (Corr. The requirements of FSS Code.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC132 (May.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2. 2. for instance systems using only one bottle located inside the protected space.1 July 2004) (Rev. Duplicate power release lines shall be arranged to release all bottles simultaneously.2 of FSS Code as interpreted by MSC/Circ.II-2/10. 2. This can be achieved with minimum two bottles. Rev. Systems that can not comply with the above.3. Nov 2005)(Rev.4. The "contracted for construction" date means the date on which the contract to build the vessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder. 3.2.3 of this UI shall be uniformly implemented by IACS Societies on ships contracted for construction on or after 1 July 2010.2. the remaining bottles will discharge the minimum five sixth of the required amount of gas. This Unified Interpretation is to be applied by all Members and Associates on ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January.2.imo. in a dedicated room in compliance with SOLAS Reg. This may be achieved by for instance using more extinguishing gas than required so that if one bottle is not discharging due to a single fault. The bottle valves are considered to be part of the release lines and a single failure shall include also failure of the bottle valve.asp ?docId= 26/81 . Ch 5. * * * 2. 1120. The release lines shall be so arranged that in the event of damage to any power release line.1 Sept 2010): R O CO2 S : These requirements only apply to systems protecting those spaces which are normally manned.1. However.1998) (Rev. five sixth of the fire extinguishing gas can still be discharged.3.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . NOAEL values calculated at the highest expected engine room temperature are not to be exceeded when discharging the total amount of extinguishing gas simultaneously.2 apply to the spaces identified in Ch 5. For further details regarding the date of "contract for construction". 2. five sixth of the fire extinguishing gas can still be discharged. Such systems shall be designed with the bottle(s) located outside the protected space. 29. See also Technical Background for this IACS UI. For systems that need less than six cylinders (using the smallest bottles available). refer to IACS Procedural Requirement (PR) No. can not be accepted. 1999. _____________________ Note: 1. the total amount of extinguishing gas on the bottles shall be such that in the event of a single failure to one of the release lines (including bottle valve).

2. in force from 2002-07-01. IMO-Vega Note This chapter was replaced by res. adopted 2006-05-18 and expected applicable from 201007-01. MSC.1 Fi ed high-e a i f a fi e-e i g i hi g e Quantity and performance of foam concentrates 27/81 vp. See Chapter 5 applicable after 2010-07-01. 2.848. MSC.asp ?docId= .2 2. 2 2. adopted by res. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. MSC. and on the basis of MSC/Circ. Document id: FS000501ABB International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.3/26/12 IMO-Vega ___________________ Note: This UI is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates on ships the keels of which are laid from 1 January 2006. Technical Background for this IACS UI (June 2005): This UI was developed to ensure a proper distribution of the containers of extinguishing gas where they are stored within the protected space.extinguishing systems as required by chapter II2 of the Convention. and amended in 2006. * * * The FSS Code.1 Engineering specifications Ge e a Fixed foam fire-extinguishing systems shall be capable of generating foam suitable for extinguishing oil fires.Fixed foam fire extinguishing For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01.98(73) 2000-12-05. paragraph 11.206(81).98(73) in December 2000.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .imo. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 6 . See also IMO-Vega Note See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fixed foam fire.

** ___________ ** Refer to the Guidelines for performance and testing criteria and surveys of high expansion foam concentrates for fire.2 The system shall be capable of discharging through fixed discharge outlets in no more than 5 min.2.2.extinguishing systems shall be approved by the Administration based on the guideline developed by the Organization.2.1 The foam concentrates of high-expansion foam fire. pneumatically or hydraulically) by means of remote control of the foam generator related to them.2.1 Installation requirements Supply ducts for delivering foam. The quantity of foam-forming liquid available shall be sufficient to produce a volume of foam equal to five times the volume of the largest space to be protected. 2.3 The foam generator. In addition.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1.670 ). The foam delivery ducts shall be constructed of steel having a thickness of not less than 5 mm.2.582 and C orr.3 2. 2.3.2.1. 2. a quantity of foam sufficient to produce an effective foam blanket over the largest single area over vp.imo.extinguishing systems (MSC/Circ. foam delivery ducts shall be installed to allow at least 450 mm of separation between the generators and the protected space. its sources of power supply.1. 2.asp ?docId= 28/81 .2 Any required fixed high-expansion foam system in machinery spaces shall be capable of rapidly discharging through fixed discharge outlets a quantity of foam sufficient to fill the greatest space to be protected at a rate of at least 1 m in depth per minute. 2.000 to 1.1).2 2. If the foam generators are located adjacent to the protected space.1 2.1.2.1.3.2 The arrangement of the foam generator delivery ducting shall be such that a fire in the protected space will not affect the foam generating equipment. The expansion ratio of the foam shall not exceed 1. foam-forming liquid and means of controlling the system shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in the protected space. 2. The dampers shall be automatically operated (electrically.2.1 Fi ed -e a i f a fi e-e i g i hi g e Quantity and foam concentrates The foam concentrates of low-expansion foam fire-extinguishing systems shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.2. air intakes to the foam generator and the number of foam- producing units shall in the opinion of the Administration be such as will provide effective foam production and distribution.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.2. stainless steel dampers (single or multi-bladed) with a thickness of not less than 3 mm shall be installed at the openings in the boundary bulkheads or decks between the foam generators and the protected space. 2.3 The Administration may permit alternative arrangements and discharge rates provided that it is satisfied that equivalent protection is achieved.3.* _________ * Refer to the Guidelines for performance and testing criteria and surveys of low expansion foam concentrates for fire-extinguishing systems (MSC/Circ.

206(81) and MSC. 2.1. IMO-Vega Guide See MSC. Revised guidelines for the performance and testing criteria.3.1.Guidelines for the performance and testing criteria and surveys of high-expansion foam concentrates for fixed fire-extinguishing systems.2 Nov 2005): Fi ed high e a i f a fi e-e i g i hi g e : When such a system is to be fitted in any other space than a machinery space. MSC. this regulation applies.2. and surveys of foam concentrates for fixed fire-extinguishing systems. 2. * * * See MSC.asp ?docId= 29/81 . in force from 2002-07-01.2. 670 . adopted 2006-12-08 and applicable from 2008-07-01: Paragraph 2.217(82).3. * * * (2. Pe i e a icab e f 2002-07-01 2008-07-01: "2.217(82). IMO-Vega Note This chapter was amended by res.2 The means of control of any such systems shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in the protected space. vp.1/Circ.1 Installation requirements Means shall be provided for the effective distribution of the foam through a permanent system of piping and control valves or cocks to suitable discharge outlets. Reference is made to MSC/Circ. MSC. " * * * The FSS Code.1313 Guidance for application of Chapters 4 to 7 and 9 of the FSS Code.3. The expansion ratio of the foam shall not exceed 12 to 1.3. as amended by resolutions MSC.1 2001) (Rev.2 was replaced.98(73) 2000-12-05.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1/Circ.imo. adopted by res. The means for effective distribution of the foam shall be proven acceptable to the Administration through calculation or by testing.1312 of 2009-06-10.2 2. and for the foam to be effectively directed by fixed sprayers on other main fire hazards in the protected space. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. as inserted above.2) IACS Unified Interpretation SC32 (Rev.2 The system shall be capable of discharging through fixed discharge outlets in not more than 5 min a quantity of foam sufficient to cover to a depth of 150 mm the largest single area over which oil fuel is liable to spread.3.3/26/12 IMO-Vega which oil fuel is liable to spread.

217(82).extinguishing systems For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01.3 Fi ed e e ae a i g fi e-e i g i hi g e f cabi ba c ie Fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing systems for cabin balconies shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 7 .2 E i ae ae . systems fire. 2 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega Document id: FS000601ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. * * * vp.1 Engineering specifications Fi ed e e ae a i g fi e-e i g i hi g e Fixed-pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing systems for machinery spaces and cargo pump-rooms shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization*.1313 Guidance for application of Chapters 4 to 7 and 9 of the FSS Code. 2. See also IMO-Vega Note See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fixed pressure water.1/Circ.* ____________ * Refer to the guidelines to be developed by the Organization.Fixed pressure water spraying AND water mist ext.98(73) in December 2000.i fi e-e i g i hi g e Water-mist fire-extinguishing systems for machinery spaces and cargo pump-rooms shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization*. ___________ * Refer to the Revised Guidelines for the approval of equivalent water-based fire-extinguishing systems for machinery spaces and cargo pump-rooms (MSC/Circ. IMO-Vega Guide See MSC. MSC. as amended by resolutions MSC.1165).org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .spraying and water-mist fire-extinguishing systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.206(81) and MSC.imo.asp ?docId= 30/81 . 2.

oil purifiers. centrifugal separators (not oily water separators).1.1.2 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.1. adopted 2006-12-08 and applicable from 2008-07-01: Section 2 was replaced.imo.1.1 2. nozzles. as inserted above. A 10 /min/m2 * * * Reg a i II-1/42 a ie a e ge hi a d eg a i II-1/43 a ie ca g hi .3 was added. these shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.1. also issued as MSC/Circ. IMO-Vega Note This regulation was amended by res.1. Where increased application rates are considered necessary. MSC. vp. oil fuel units.1 Fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing systems N e a d Any required fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing system in machinery spaces shall be provided with spraying nozzles of an approved type. 2. 2.1. and additionally a new paragraph 2. firing areas.1120 of 2 June 2004: A An indication of areas for which increased application rates may be required is given below: P Boiler fronts or roof.1 2. valves and pump.asp ?docId= 31/81 .1. A 20 /min/m2 P Hot oil fuel pipes near exhausts or similar heated surfaces on main or auxiliary diesel engines.1.2 The number and arrangement of the nozzles shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration and shall be such as to ensure an effective average distribution of water of at least 5 l/m2 /min in the spaces to be protected.217(82). and clarifiers.3 Precautions shall be taken to prevent the nozzles from becoming clogged by impurities in the water or corrosion of piping. Previous section 2 applicable from 2002-07-01 to 2008-07-01: " 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.

3 S e c e ie e The system shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and the pump supplying the water for the system shall be put automatically into action by a pressure drop in the system. 2.1. Document id: FS000701ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. 2.2.2. It shall not be possible for a fire in the space or spaces protected by the water-spraying system to put the system out of action.2.2 The system may be divided into sections. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS vp. The independent internal combustion machinery for driving the pump shall be so situated that a fire in the protected space or spaces will not affect the air supply to the machinery.imo.1.4 is immediately available. MSC.1.3 The pump and its controls shall be installed outside the space or spaces to be protected.1.98(73) 2000-12-05.728). if it is dependent upon power being supplied from the emergency generator fitted in compliance with the provisions of regulation II-1/42 or regulation II-1/43 of the Convention.1 I a ai e ie e Nozzles shall be fitted above bilges. tank tops and other areas over which oil fuel is liable to spread and also above other specific fire hazards in the machinery spaces.5 The pump may be driven by an independent internal combustion machinery.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1. MSC.1. 2. adopted by res. the distribution valves of which shall be operated from easily accessible positions outside the spaces to be protected so as not to be readily cut off by a fire in the protected space.2 E i ae ae . is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments.1. as appropriate. in force from 2002-07-01.asp ?docId= 32/81 .1. that generator shall be so arranged as to start automatically in case of main power failure so that power for the pump required by paragraph 2.98(73) in December 2000. 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2. " * * * The FSS Code. 2.4 The pump shall be capable of simultaneously supplying at the necessary pressure all sections of the system in any one compartment to be protected. _________ * Refer to the Alternative arrangements for halon fire-extinguishing systems in machinery spaces and pump-rooms (MSC/Circ.1.1. but.668) and the Revised test method for equivalent water-based fire-extinguishing systems for machinery spaces of category A and cargo pump-rooms (MSC/Circ. 2.1.2 2.i fi e-e i g i hi g e Water-mist fire-extinguishing systems for machinery spaces and cargo pump-rooms shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.

and one from the emergency switchboard by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose. 2.1.4 Automatic sprinkler systems equivalent to those specified in paragraphs 2.1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega Chapter 8 .4. vp. One supply for the pump shall be taken from the main switchboard.4 shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.2 to 2.3. Where the sources of power for the pump are electrical. Saunas shall be fitted with a dry pipe system.2 to 2. No other switch shall be permitted in the feeders concerned. Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion engine it shall. and be so designed that upon failure of that supply it will automatically change over to the supply from the emergency switchboard. The feeders shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys. and shall be run to an automatic changeover switch situated near the sprinkler pump.2. fire detection and fire alarm systems For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for automatic sprinkler. The switches on the main switchboard and the emergency switchboard shall be clearly labelled and normally kept closed.2 2. in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph 2.800(19). these shall be a main generator and an emergency source of power.Automatic sprinkler. be so situated that a fire in any protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.1 S ce f e Passenger ships There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the sea water pump and automatic alarm and detection system. 2 2. This switch shall permit the supply of power from the main switchboard so long as a supply is available therefrom. but small exposed sections may be of the dry pipe type where in the opinion of the Administration this is a necessary precaution.imo. fire detection and fire alarm systems as required by chapter II-2 of the SOLAS Convention. machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards. 2.asp ?docId= 33/81 .1 Engineering specifications Ge e a Type of sprinkler systems The automatic sprinkler systems shall be of the wet pipe type.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . with sprinkler heads having an operating temperature up to 140 degrees C. One of the sources of power supply for the alarm and detection system shall be an emergency source.1 2. * ________ * Refer to the Revised Guidelines for approval of sprinkler systems equivalent to that referred to in SOLAS regulation II-2/12 as adopted by the Organization by resolution A.2 Sprinkler systems equivalent to those specified in paragraphs 2.

equivalent to the amount of water which would be discharged in one minute by the pump referred to in paragraph 2.1 C e Sprinklers The sprinklers shall be resistant to corrosion by marine atmosphere. which shall be capable of being supplied by at least two generators. 2.2. the operating temperature may be increased by not more than 30 degrees C above the maximum deckhead temperature. be so situated that a fire in any protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2. in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph 2. Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion engine it shall. 2.asp ?docId= .2 2.3 2.3 Means shall be provided to prevent the passage of sea water into the tank.1 2.2 Cargo ships There shall not be less than two sources of power supply for the sea water pump and automatic alarm and detection system. machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards. where high ambient temperatures might be expected. The tank shall contain a standing charge of fresh water.2. If the pump is electrically driven it shall be connected to the main source of electrical power.3.2.3. In accommodation and e ie e service spaces the sprinklers shall come into operation within the temperature range from 68 degrees C to 79 degrees C.imo.1.3.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2.3. One of the sources of power supply for the alarm and detection system shall be an emergency source.3.3.1 Pressure tanks A pressure tank having a volume equal to at least twice that of the charge of water specified in this paragraph shall be provided.2 2. Suitable means of replenishing the air under pressure and of replenishing the fresh water charge in the tank shall be provided.3. 2.1.3. 2. plus the pressure exerted by a head of water measured from the bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system. except that in locations such as drying rooms. and the arrangements shall provide for maintaining an air pressure in the tank such as to ensure that where the standing charge of fresh water in the tank has been used the pressure will be not less than the working pressure of the sprinkler.3. The feeders shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys.2 A quantity of spare sprinkler heads shall be provided for all types and ratings installed on the ship as follows: T a be < 300 300 to 1000 > 1000 f head Re i ed be 6 12 24 f ae The number of spare sprinkler heads of any type need not exceed the total number of heads installed of that type.4.3. A glass gauge shall be provided to indicate the correct level of the water in the tank. Sprinkler pumps 34/81 vp.

4.2 The pump and the piping system shall be capable of maintaining the necessary pressure at the level of the highest sprinkler to ensure a continuous output of water sufficient for the simultaneous coverage of a minimum area of 280 m² at the application rate specified in paragraph 2.3. 2.4. 2.1. The effective area through the valve and pipe shall be adequate to permit the release of the required pump output while maintaining the pressure in the system specified in paragraph 2.2 2.3.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .4 The sprinkler system shall have a connection from the ship' s fire main by way of a lockable screw-down non-return valve at the connection which will prevent a backflow from the sprinkler system to the fire main.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.1 An independent power pump shall be provided solely for the purpose of continuing automatically the discharge of water from the sprinklers.3 The pump shall have fitted on the delivery side a test valve with a short open-ended discharge pipe.asp ?docId= 35/81 . 2.5. The stop valve in each section shall be readily accessible in a location outside of the associated section or in cabinets within stairway enclosures. 2. In passenger ships any section of sprinklers shall not serve more than two decks and shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone. 2. However.2 Each section of sprinklers shall be capable of being isolated by one stop valve only. each of which shall contain not more than 200 sprinklers.3.3. 2.3 A test valve shall be provided for testing the automatic alarm for each section of sprinklers by a discharge of water equivalent to the operation of one sprinkler.3. 2.2.2. if deemed necessary by the Administration. Means shall be provided to prevent the operation of the stop valves by any unauthorized person. 2.4 2.2.4.2.6 The sea inlet to the pump shall wherever possible be in the space containing the pump and shall be so arranged that when the ship is afloat it will not be necessary to shut off the supply of sea water to vp.3.4. The valve' s location shall be clearly and permanently indicated. The pump shall be brought into action automatically by the pressure drop in the system before the standing fresh water charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted. The test valve for each section shall be situated near the stop valve for that section.imo. if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced.2.1 Piping arrangements Sprinklers shall be grouped into separate sections. 2.2. The hydraulic capability of the system shall be confirmed by the review of hydraulic calculations.4. followed by a test of the system.5 A gauge indicating the pressure in the system shall be provided at each section stop valve and at a central station.3. the Administration may permit such a section of sprinklers to serve more than two decks or be situated in more than one main vertical zone.4.4.3.2.1 I a ai General e ie e Any parts of the system which may be subjected to freezing temperatures in service shall be suitably protected against freezing.4.2.

5. 2.3 Sprinklers shall be placed in an overhead position and spaced in a suitable pattern to maintain an average application rate of not less than 5 l/m²/min over the nominal area covered by the sprinklers.5.3 vp.3 Location of systems The sprinkler pump and tank shall be situated in a position reasonably remote from any machinery space of category A and shall not be situated in any space required to be protected by the sprinkler system. However. visible and audible alarms from the unit shall also be placed in a position other than on the aforementioned spaces to ensure that the indication of fire is immediately received by the crew. Such units shall indicate in which section served by the system a fire has occurred and shall be centralised on the navigating bridge or in the continuously manned central control station and.2.3 Testing Means shall be provided for testing the automatic operation of the pump on reduction of pressure in the system.4 A list or plan shall be displayed at each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the location of the zone in respect of each section. 2.1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega the pump for any purpose other than the inspection or repair of the pump. 2. the Administration may permit the use of sprinklers providing such an alternative amount of water suitably distributed as has been shown to the satisfaction of the Administration to be not less effective.5 2.5.5.2.5.1 Alarm and indication Each section of sprinklers shall include means for giving a visual and audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any sprinkler comes into operation. 2.1. in addition.5.5.1 which will enable the alarm and the indicators for each section of sprinklers to be tested.2.4.2 The automatic sprinkler system shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and shall have provision for a continuous supply of water as required in this chapter.2 Switches shall be provided at one of the indicating positions referred to in paragraph 2.2.1.5.5.1 / 2. 2. Such alarm systems shall be such as to indicate if any fault occurs in the system. fire detection and fire alarm system shall be capable of immediate operation at all times and no action by the crew shall be necessary to set it in operation.5. 2. 2.2.imo.2. Suitable instructions for testing and maintenance shall be available. 2.2 2.1 2.1 S e c e ie e Ready availability Any required automatic sprinkler.5.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . IMO-Vega Guide 2.asp ?docId= 36/81 .

1998) (Rev. annex. Refrigerated chambers may be fitted with dry pipe sprinkler systems.II-2/10.1.5.98(73) 2000-12-05. IMO-Vega Note The FSS Code. The "contracted for construction" date means the date on which the contract to build the vessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder.2. and Reg. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 9 .asp ?docId= 37/81 .1 IACS Unified Interpretation SC130 (May. horizontal projection of the area to be covered.5 as contained in MSC24(60)) F D S S R C S S : Heat detectors are acceptable in refrigerated chambers and in other spaces where steam and fumes are produced such as saunas and laundries. * * * 2. Document id: FS000801ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. This Unified Interpretation is to be applied by all Members and Associates on ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January. (Rev. II-2/7. adopted by res.1. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments.1 D For the definition of “dry pipe system” see resolution A. 29.2.1120 of 2 June 2004: 2. 2. For further details regarding the date of "contract for construction".3/26/12 IMO-Vega From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.6. and amended in 2006.3.1.98(73) in December 2000.Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems vp. 2.3 D Nominal area is defined as being the gross. also issued as MSC/Circ.800(19). refer to IACS Procedural Requirement (PR) No.1 July 2004) (also applicable to Reg.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . ________________ Note: 1.1. II-2/41-2. 1999.5.2 Nov 2005): reg. MSC. MSC.imo. 2. in force from 2002-07-01.

5 In passenger ships. electrical.1.1 2. short circuit. vibration. except that closing of fire doors and similar functions may be permitted at the control panel. electronic. 2. earth.1 Engineering specifications Ge e a e ie e Any required fixed fire detection and fire alarm system with manually operated call points shall be capable of immediate operation at all times. 2. the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be capable of remotely and individually identifying each detector and manually operated call point. .1.4 Zone address identification capability Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems with a zone address identification capability shall be so arranged that: . power break.1. . ambient temperature changes. and .imo.4 no loop will pass through a space twice.3 The system and equipment shall be suitably designed to withstand supply voltage variation and transients.2 The fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall not be used for any other purpose.2 all arrangements are made to enable the initial configuration of the system to be restored in the event of failure (e. etc.1. the part of the loop which by necessity passes through the space for a second time shall be installed at the maximum possible distance from the other parts of the loop. impact and corrosion normally encountered in ships. 2 2. informatics. etc. When this is not practical (e.g.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .3 the first initiated fire alarm will not prevent any other detector from initiating further fire alarms. for large public spaces). 2.see IMO-Vega Note 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. shock. 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega Generally for ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 to 2012-07-01 See Contents for this Code Replaced from 2012-07-01 .1 means are provided to ensure that any fault (e.asp ?docId= 38/81 .2 S ce f e There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the electrical equipment used in the vp.1.) occurring in the loop will not render the whole loop ineffective. 2.g.). humidity.g.

and up to 140 degrees C in saunas.5% obscuration per metre.1. 2.3. smoke or other products of combustion. service spaces and control station shall not include sections of fire detectors in machinery spaces of category A.4. Detectors operated by other factors indicative of incipient fires may be considered by the Administration provided that they are no less sensitive than such detectors.3.3.3. the heat detector shall operate within temperature limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity. At higher rates of temperature rise. a loop covering sections of fire detectors in accommodation.1. corridors and escape routes within accommodation spaces shall be certified to operate before the smoke density exceeds 12.4. 2. when the temperature is raised to those limits at a rate less than 1 degrees C per minute. service spaces and control stations shall normally be permitted except a section which covers an enclosed stairway.2 I a ai Sections Detectors and manually operated call points shall be grouped into sections. flame.1. The supply shall be provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose.3 Where the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system does not include means of remotely identifying each detector individually.3.4.5 All detectors shall be of a type such that they can be tested for correct operation and restored to normal surveillance without the renewal of any component.4.3/26/12 IMO-Vega operation of the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system.2 Smoke detectors required in all stairways. 2. 2.3.1 2. 2.4 2.4 The operation temperature of heat detectors in drying rooms and similar spaces of a normal high ambient temperature may be up to 130 degrees C.3 Heat detectors shall be certified to operate before the temperature exceeds 78 degrees C but not until the temperature exceeds 54 degrees C.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . or any e ie e combination of these factors. Smoke detectors to be installed in other spaces shall operate within sensitivity limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity.asp ?docId= 39/81 . A section of fire detectors which covers a control station. 2.1.1.1. a service space or an accommodation e ie e space shall not include a machinery space of category A. but not until the smoke density exceeds 2% obscuration per metre. Such feeders shall run to an automatic change-over switch situated in or adjacent to the control panel for the fire detection system. 2.1.1 2. For fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems with remotely and individually identifiable fire detectors. In order to avoid delay in identifying the source of fire. Flame detectors shall only be used in addition to smoke or heat detectors.1.1 C e Detectors Detectors shall be operated by heat. no section covering more than one deck within accommodation spaces. the number of enclosed spaces vp.imo.3 2. one of which shall be an emergency source.1 2.

imo.4.4.5.5 m away from bulkheads.2 The control panel shall be located on the navigating bridge or in the continuously manned central 40/81 vp. the sections may cover several decks and serve any number of enclosed spaces. 2.4.2 A loop of fire detection systems with a zone address identification capability shall not be damaged at more than one point by a fire.1 S e c e ie e Visual and audible fire signals* _______ * Refer to the Code on Alarms and Indicators as adopted by the Organization by resolution A.4.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2.5.2. 2. and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except where it is necessary to provide for fire detection or fire alarm in such spaces or to connect to the appropriate power supply. lockers and stairways. 2.3 2.1 Positioning of detectors Detectors shall be located for optimum performance. This alarm sounder system need not be an integral part of the detection system.5 m The Administration may require or permit different spacing to that specified in the above table if based upon test data which demonstrate the characteristics of the detectors. 2. Positions near beams and ventilation ducts or other positions where patterns of air flow could adversely affect performance and positions where impact or physical damage is likely shall be avoided. If the system is fitted with remotely and individually identifiable fire detectors.1. machinery spaces of category A. If the signals have not received attention within 2 min an audible alarm shall be automatically sounded throughout the crew accommodation and service spaces. 2.2 2.1 Arrangement of electric wiring Electrical wiring which forms part of the system shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys.2 The maximum spacing of detectors shall be in accordance with the table below: Table 9.1.1 The activation of any detector or manually operated call point shall initiate a visual and audible fire signal at the control panel and indicating units. control stations and machinery spaces of category A.3.5.5 m 5. except in corridors.3. Detectors which are located on the overhead shall be a minimum distance of 0.3/26/12 IMO-Vega included in each section shall be limited as determined by the Administration.1 .4 A section of fire detectors and manually operated call points shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone.830(19). 2.4. In no case shall more than 50 enclosed spaces be permitted in any section.1.asp ?docId= .4.5 2. 2. 2.4.Spacing of detectors T e f de ec Heat Smoke Ma i f e de ec 37 m² 74 m² a ea Ma i di a ce a a be ee ce e 9m 11 m Ma i di a ce a a f b head 4.

1.1.4 / 2.1120 of 2 June 2004: T Detectors installed within cold spaces such as refrigerated compartments should be tested according to IEC Publication 60068-2-1 .1/Circ. One indicating unit shall be located on the navigating bridge if the control panel is located in the main fire control station.5. as amended by resolutions MSC. * * * 2.3 Indicating units shall. 2.6 Fi ed fi e de ec i a d fi e a a e f cabi ba c ie Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems for cabin balconies shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization. also issued as MSC/Circ. 2. 2.217(82). as a minimum.1.206(81) and MSC. Occurrence of a fault condition shall initiate a visual and audible fault signal at the control panel which shall be distinct from a fire signal.4 Clear information shall be displayed on or adjacent to each indicating unit about the spaces covered and the location of the sections. At least one unit shall be so located that it is easily accessible to responsible members of the crew at all times.5.asp ?docId= 41/81 e add e ide ifica i ca abi i means a system with individually identifiable fire detectors.Section one .Test Aa.3/26/12 IMO-Vega control station.1.1.* ____________ * Refer to the guidelines to be developed by the Organization.1 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30. .5.1 A The following arrangement may be acceptable to: vp. 2.1.5.4. IMO-Vega Guide See MSC.4 R L means electrical circuit linking detectors of various sections in a sequence and connected (input and output) to the indicating unit(s).2 Testing Suitable instructions and component spares for testing and maintenance shall be provided.5 Power supplies and electric circuits necessary for the operation of the system shall be monitored for loss of power or fault conditions as appropriate.1. Z 2.4.imo. 2.1313 Guidance for application of Chapters 4 to 7 and 9 of the FSS Code.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1.3 / 2. 2. denote the section in which a detector has been activated or manually operated call point has been operated.

imo. activate the sprinkler system. * * * 2.4 and 2. Zone address identification capability means a system with individually identifiable fire detectors.4 . Defi i i : Loop means electrical circuit linking detectors of various sections in a sequence and connected (input and output) to the indicating unit(s).3/26/12 IMO-Vega .3.2 Nov 2005): F : The requirement that a system be so arranged that a loop cannot be damaged at more than one point by a fire. is considered satisfied when a fault occurring in the loop only renders ineffective a part of the loop not being larger than a section of a system without means of remotely identifying each detector.1. is considered satisfied by arranging the loop such that the data highway will not pass through a space covered by a detector more than once. activate the smoke extraction system. When this is not practical (e.g for large public spaces).4. 1 2001) (Rev. The requirement that a system be so arranged to ensure that any fault occurring in the loop will not render the whole loop ineffective.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC147 (May 1999) (Rev.7 activate a paging system. * * * 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .5 . activate the closure of fire doors. the part of the loop which by necessity passes through the space for a second time should be installed at the maximum possible distance from the other parts of the loop.3 . N e: This UI SC147 is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates from 1 January 2000. activate the closure of fire dampers.1. activate the fan stops. vp.6 .1 Nov 2005): W I e e ai : : Watertight doors complying with regulation II-1/15 which also serve as fire doors are not to be closed automatically in case of fire detection.asp ?docId= 42/81 .2 . and activate the low-location lighting system.1 .2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC121 (1996) (Rev.

2 Where the emergency feeder for the electrical equipment used in the operation of the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system is supplied from the emergency switchboard. See new chapter 9. Where the system is supplied from an accumulator battery. 2.3 Connection of electrical power supplies to an automatic changeover switch shall be arranged such that a fault will not result in the loss of all supplies to the automatic changeover switch.asp ?docId= 43/81 . Emergency supply 2. Regulation 42 or 43 (as applicable) for the emergency source of power supply.4. 2.5. IMO-Vega Note This chapter.1 The fixed fire detection and fire alarm system emergency power may be supplied by an accumulator battery or from the emergency switchboard. the accumulator batteries are to be suitably located for use in an emergency.1 IACS Unified Interpretation SC115 (1996) (Rev.1. N e: This UI is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates for systems approved on or after 1 July 2010. a source of stored energy having adequate capacity shall be provided to ensure the continuous operation during changeover between power supplies. Continuity of power supply FSS C . MSC. 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . * * * 2. it shall run from this switchboard to the automatic changeover switch without passing through any other switchboard.311(88) of 2010-1203. see IACS UR E18 and E21. vp.2 Sept 2009) F F D F A S 1.2 Where the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system would be degraded by the momentary loss of power. was replaced by res. Loop: Electrical circuit linking detectors of various sections and connected to the control panel. the accumulator battery shall have the capacity to operate the fire detection system under normal and alarm conditions during the period required by SOLAS Chapter II-1.imo. 9. 1 Nov 2005): F : Section: Group of fire detectors and manually operated call points as reported in the indicating unit(s).1.2 IACS Unified Interpretation SC35 (1985)(Rev.1 Nov 2005)(Rev. 3. However.2 S 1. on restoration of the input power. this chapter is applicable to 2012-07-01. applicable from 2002-07-01 to 2012-07-01. the rating of the charge unit.1 and 2. 2. shall be sufficient to recharge the batteries while maintaining the output supply to the fire detection system. 1. C . and generally applicable for ships built before that date.1 Operation of the automatic changeover switch or a failure of one of the power supplies shall not result in permanent or temporary degradation of the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system. N e: For battery recording and UPS arrangements. 1. the arrangements are to comply with the following requirements: 1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega * * * 2.

fan rooms.2. Previous text applicable from 2002-07-01 to 2010-07-01: "2.1.2.4 In passenger ships.2. a section may serve spaces on both sides of the ship and on several decks but shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone.3/26/12 IMO-Vega * * * This chapter was amended by res. MSC. and added in 2010 INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 9 .98(73) in December 20000.Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems Generally for ships constructed on or after 2012-07-01 This chapter is totally revised.4.2 D 1. in the same resolution.2 Sec i ide ifica i ca abi i means a system with the capability of identifying the section in which a detector or manually operated call point has activated.4.imo. public spaces. Additionally.98(73) 2000-12-05. adopted by res.1.g.1 This chapter details the specification of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.217(82) Annex 1 as inserted above. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .). MSC.5 was added and paragraph 2. Document id: FS000901ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. the requirements of this chapter shall apply to ships constructed on or after 1 July 2012.6 was added. 1. etc. galleys.asp ?docId= 44/81 . " * * * The FSS Code. the same section of detectors may serve spaces on both sides of the ship.1.3 I di id a ide ifiab e means a system with the capability to identify the exact location and type of detector or manually activated call point which has activated. adopted 2006-12-08 and applicable from 2008-07-01: Paragraph 2.1 Sec i means a group of fire detectors and manually operated call points as reported in the indicating unit(s).4 was replaced. if there is no fixed fire detection and fire alarm system capable of remotely and individually identifying each detector. applicable from 2012-01-01. In passenger ships fitted with individually identifiable fire detectors. a section of detectors shall not serve spaces on both sides of the ship nor on more than one deck and neither shall it be situated in more than one main vertical zone except that the same section of detectors may serve spaces on more than one deck if those spaces are located in the fore or aft end of the ship or if they protect common spaces on different decks (e. see IMO-Vega Note See Contents for this Code 1 Application 1. Annex 2 the following amendment as inserted above and applicable from 2010-07-01 was adopted: Paragraph 2. In ships of less than 20 m in breadth. and which can differentiate the signal of vp. 1. MSC. 1. Unless expressly provided otherwise. in force from 2002-07-01.

2 .1. taking into account the recommendations developed by vp. and other fire safety systems. fan stops. fire alarm or public address systems. 2.4 control and monitor input signals from all connected fire and smoke detectors and manual call points.3 the decision management system is proven to be compatible with the fire detection system. for example. and the system may be arranged with output signals to other fire safety systems including: .7 . such as alarm signals from the sprinkler valves.1 .1 Any required fixed fire detection and fire alarm system with manually operated call points shall be capable of immediate operation at all times (this does not require a backup control panel). 2. closed circuit television (CCTV) systems. smoke extraction systems. the decision management system can be disconnected without losing any of the functions required by this chapter for the fire detection system.1 . All electrical and electronic equipment on the bridge or in the vicinity of the bridge shall be tested for electromagnetic compatibility.3 paging systems. 2 2.5 The system and equipment shall be suitably designed to withstand supply voltage variation and transients.1. workshops during hot work and ro-ro spaces during on and off-loading.1. may be permitted if in separate sections.4 Detectors and manual call points shall be connected to dedicated sections of the fire detection system. The fire detection system may be connected to a decision management system provided that: .8 . Detectors in all other spaces shall remain operational.10 2.1 Engineering specifications G 2.9 .asp ?docId= 45/81 .org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1.2 The fire detection system shall be designed to: . and any malfunction of the interfaced and connected equipment should not propagate under any circumstance to the fire detection system. fire dampers. vibration. fixed local application fire-extinguishing systems.2 .1 .1. particular spaces may be disconnected. provide output signals to the navigation bridge.3 . The space shall be manned or provided with a fire patrol when detectors required by regulation are disconnected. impact and corrosion normally encountered in ships. sprinkler systems. ambient temperature changes. continuously manned central control station or onboard safety centre to notify the crew of fire and fault conditions.3/26/12 IMO-Vega that device from all others.imo. The means for disconnecting the detectors shall be designed to automatically restore the system to normal surveillance after a predetermined time that is appropriate for the operation in question. shock.3 . monitor power supplies and circuits necessary for the operation of the system for loss of power and fault conditions. Other fire safety functions. low-location lighting systems. Notwithstanding this.6 .2 .4 .5 . humidity. fire doors. 2.

4 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega the Organization * . 2. electronic. 2..1.3. The supply shall be provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose.3.6 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems with individually identifiable fire detectors shall be so arranged that: . 2. 2.7 In passenger ships. as a minimum. one of which shall be an emergency source of power. and at the end of that period. 2. _______________ * Refer to the General requirements for electromagnetic compatibility for all electrical and electronic equipment.2 . corridors and escape routes within accommodation spaces shall be certified to operate before the smoke density exceeds 12.3 Heat detectors shall be certified to operate before the temperature exceeds 78ºC but not until the temperature exceeds 54ºC. or any combination of these factors. etc. When this is not practical (e.3 2. and no section will pass through a space twice. when the temperature is raised to those limits at a rate less than 1ºC vp. etc.g. the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be capable of remotely and individually identifying each detector and manually operated call point. power break. 2.5% obscuration per metre. electrical.2 There shall be sufficient power to permit the continued operation of the system with all detectors activated.1.asp ?docId= 46/81 .1 above shall be sufficient to maintain the operation of the fire detection and fire alarm system for the periods required under regulations II1/42 and 43 of the Convention.1.2 Smoke detectors required in all stairways.2. shall also be capable of emitting. earth.2.imo.2.1 There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the electrical equipment used in the operation of the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system. Such feeders shall run to an automatic change over switch situated in or adjacent to the control panel for the fire detection system. when activated.g. when tested according to standards EN 54:2001 and IEC 60092-505:2001..1 C Detectors 2. short circuit. the first initiated fire alarm will not prevent any other detector from initiating further fire alarms..3.1 Detectors shall be operated by heat.3 The emergency source of power specified in paragraph 2.3.). but not more than 100 if the total exceeds this figure. adopted by the Organization by resolution A. In cargo ships and on passenger ship cabin balconies the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall. an audible alarm within the space where they are located.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2. flame.1 means are provided to ensure that any fault (e. the part of the section which by necessity passes through the space for a second time shall be installed at the maximum possible distance from the other parts of the section. The main (respective emergency) feeder shall run from the main (respective emergency) switchboard to the change-over switch without passing through any other distributing switchboard.) occurring in the section will not prevent the continued individual identification of the remainder of the connected detectors in the section. have section identification capability. but not until the smoke density exceeds 2% obscuration per metre. .2.1.1. shall be capable of operating all connected visual and audible fire alarm signals for a period of at least 30 min. for large public spaces). all arrangements are made to enable the initial configuration of the system to be restored in the event of failure (e. Smoke detectors to be installed in other spaces shall operate within sensitivity limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity. informatics.813(19).3 . smoke or other products of combustion. or cause to be emitted. Fire detectors fitted in passenger ship cabins.g. Alternative testing standards may be used as determined by the Administration.2 S 2. Detectors operated by other factors indicative of incipient fires may be considered by the Administration provided that they are no less sensitive than such detectors.

4. Alternative standards may be used as determined by the Administration. except on cabin balconies.1. 2.1242). A section of fire detectors which covers a ro-ro space shall not include a machinery space of category A.7 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems for cabin balconies shall be approved by the Administration. shall be suitable for hazardous areas. based on the guidelines developed by the Organization * . _______________ * Refer to the Guidelines for approval of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems for cabin balconies (MSC . unless duplicated and well separated. required by regulation II-2/19.3.4.1.1.4. 2.1.2 Control panel The control panel for the fire detection system shall be tested according to standards EN 54-2:1997.2 Positioning of detectors 2. when tested according to standards EN 54:2001 and IEC 60092 505:2001. 2. cables routed through other main vertical zones that they serve.4 and installed in spaces that comply with regulation II-2/20.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2. Positions near beams and ventilation ducts. 2. no section covering more than one deck within accommodation spaces. EN 54-4:1997 and IEC 60092-504:2001.2 A section of fire detectors which covers a control station.1. 2.1.1. 2. a section of detectors and manually operated call points shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone. a service space or an accommodation space shall not include a machinery space of category A or a ro ro space. On passenger ships.4.3.5 Flame detectors shall be tested according to standards EN 54-10:2001 and IEC 60092 505:2001.2.1 Detectors shall be located for optimum performance.4.3/26/12 IMO-Vega per min.4 2.1. 2. 2. the sections may cover several decks and serve any number of enclosed spaces. and positions vp.1 I Sections Detectors and manually operated call points shall be grouped into sections.3.3 Cables Cables used in the electrical circuits shall be flame retardant according to standard IEC 60332-1.4.3.1 2.2 of the Convention need not be suitable for hazardous areas. Detectors fitted in spaces carrying dangerous goods.3 Where the fixed fire detection and fire alarm system does not include means of remotely identifying each detector individually. table 19.1. 2. 2. the number of enclosed spaces included in each section shall be limited as determined by the Administration. and cables to control panels in an unattended fire control station shall be fire resisting according to standard IEC 60331.8 Detectors fitted in hazardous areas shall be tested and approved for such service. of the Convention to comply with regulation II-2/19. service spaces and control stations shall not include fire detectors in machinery spaces of category A or ro-ro spaces. Detectors required by regulation II-2/20. and up to 140ºC in saunas.4. 2.1/C irc.3.4 The operation temperature of heat detectors in drying rooms and similar spaces of a normal high ambient temperature may be up to 130ºC. At higher rates of temperature rise.3.asp ?docId= 47/81 . or other positions where patterns of air flow could adversely affect performance. service spaces and control stations shall normally be permitted except a section which covers an enclosed stairway.3. Alternative testing standards may be used as determined by the Administration.6 All detectors shall be of a type such that they can be tested for correct operation and restored to normal surveillance without the renewal of any component.imo.2 of the Convention. a section covering fire detectors in accommodation. In order to avoid delay in identifying the source of fire. If the detection system is fitted with remotely and individually identifiable fire detectors.2.3.3. For fixed fire detection systems with remotely and individually identifiable fire detectors. Alternative testing standards may be used as determined by the Administration.4 In passenger ships. the heat detector shall operate within temperature limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity.3.

2 The maximum spacing of detectors shall be in accordance with the table below: Table 9. indicating units shall.4.2. 2.5 74 11 5. public toilets.1. In cargo ships. 2.2 In passenger ships. 2.1. drying rooms. 2.4. 2. heat detectors may be used.asp ?docId= 48/81 .4 When fire detectors are installed in freezers. and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except where it is necessary to provide for fire detection or fire alarms in such spaces or to connect to the appropriate power supply.1.1 Cables which form part of the system shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys. In cargo ships and on passenger cabin balconies. laundries and other spaces where steam and fumes are produced.3. as a minimum. 2.4 Clear information shall be displayed on or adjacent to each indicating unit about the spaces covered and the location of the sections. as adopted by the Organization by resolution A.3 In passenger ships.2. spaces having little or no fire risk need not be fitted with detectors.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1 Type of detector Heat Smoke Spacing of detectors Maximum floor Maximum distance apart Maximum distance area per detector between centres (m) away from bulkheads (m) (m2) 37 9 4. 2009.5 of the Convention. lockers and stairways.4. saunas.4. open deck spaces and enclosed promenades having little or no fire risk and that are naturally ventilated by permanent openings. denote the section in which a detector has activated or manually operated call point has operated. 2.1021(26).5 Where a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system is required by regulation II 2/7. 2.5 The Administration may require or permit other spacing based upon test data which demonstrate the characteristics of the detectors. the control panel shall be located in the onboard safety centre. control stations and machinery spaces of category A. 2. cleaning gear lockers (in which flammable liquids are not stowed). Detectors located below moveable ro-ro decks shall be in accordance with the above.imo.5 m away from bulkheads. vp.3/26/12 IMO-Vega where impact or physical damage is likely. Such spaces include void spaces with no storage of combustibles.4. except in corridors. parts of galleys used to heat food.5 S 2. Detectors shall be located on the overhead at a minimum distance of 0.1 Visual and audible fire signals * __________ * Refer to the C ode on Alerts and Indicators. private bathrooms.3. If the signals have not been acknowledged within 2 min. fire-extinguishing medium storage rooms.3 Detectors in stairways shall be located at least at the top level of the stair and at every second level beneath. shall be avoided.2.5. the control panel shall be located on the navigation bridge or in the fire control station.4. machinery spaces of category A.4.2.2 A section with individually identifiable capability shall be arranged so that it cannot be damaged at more than one point by a fire.5.5.1.5.5.3 Arrangement of cables 2.1 The activation of any detector or manually operated call point shall initiate a visual and audible fire detection alarm signal at the control panel and indicating units. an indicating unit shall be located on the navigation bridge if the control panel is located in the fire control station. 2. 2. an audible fire alarm shall be automatically sounded throughout the crew accommodation and service spaces. an indicating unit that is capable of individually identifying each detector that has been activated or manually operated call point that has operated shall be located on the navigation bridge. This alarm sounder system need not be an integral part of the detection system. In cargo ships.

replaced the existing chapter 9. However existing chapter 9 may still be applicable for ships built before 2012-07-01.5. fault and silenced conditions. applicable from 2012-07-01. audible alarm sound pressure levels at the sleeping positions in the cabins and 1 m from the source shall be at least 75 dB(A) and at least 10 dB(A) above ambient noise levels existing during normal equipment operation with the ship under way in moderate weather. 2.1.1. The control panel shall clearly distinguish between normal. acknowledged alarm.2 Testing Suitable instructions and component spares for testing and maintenance shall be provided. Occurrence of a fault condition shall initiate a visual and audible fault signal at the control panel which shall be distinct from a fire signal.1.5. 2. applicable from 2002-07-01 to 2012-07-01.6 Means to manually acknowledge all alarm and fault signals shall be provided at the control panel. a single ground fault caused by the contact of a wiring conductor to a metal component. alarm. 2.1.asp ?docId= 49/81 .3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.Sample extraction smoke detection systems vp. and a single wire to wire fault caused by the contact of two or more wiring conductors.5. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 10 . Document id: FS000902ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.5 Power supplies and electric circuits necessary for the operation of the system shall be monitored for loss of power and fault conditions as appropriate including: .imo. 2. IMO-Vega Note This chapter.3 a single open or power break fault caused by a broken wire.8 When the system is required to sound a local audible alarm within the cabins where the detectors are located.5.98(73) in December 2000. 2.5.7 The system shall be arranged to automatically reset to the normal operating condition after alarm and fault conditions are cleared.1.311(88) of 2010-12-03. The audible alarm sounders on the control panel and indicating units may be manually silenced. Detectors shall be periodically tested using equipment suitable for the types of fires to which the detector is designed to respond. MSC.5. MSC. as amended by res.2 . The sound pressure level should be in the 1/3 octave band about the fundamental frequency. a means to silence the local audible alarms from the control panel shall not be permitted.1 .org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . Audible alarm signals shall not exceed 120 dB(A). Ships with self diagnostic systems that have in place a cleaning regime for areas where heads may be prone to contamination may carry out testing in accordance with the requirements of the Administration.9 In general.

constructed and installed so as to prevent the leakage of any toxic or flammable substances or fire.2.1. it shall mean "sample extraction smoke detection system". impact and corrosion normally encountered in ships and to avoid the possibility of ignition of a flammable gas air mixture.2 2.4 The control panel shall permit observation of smoke in the individual sampling pipe.1 2. humidity. 2. shock. control station or machinery space.2.2.5 Sampling pipes shall be a minimum of 12 mm internal diameter except when used in conjunction 50/81 vp.3/26/12 IMO-Vega For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 to 2012-01-01 See Contents for this Code Replaced from 2012-01-01 . The fans shall be of sufficient capacity to operate under normal ventilation conditions in the protected area and shall give an overall response time to the satisfaction of the Administration. 2. provided that the interval between scanning the same position twice gives an overall response time to the satisfaction of the Administration. vibration.65% obscuration per metre.2 Any required system shall be capable of continuous operation at all times except that systems operating on a sequential scanning principle may be accepted.1 Engineering specifications Ge e a e ie e Wherever in the text of this chapter the word "system" appears. ambient temperature changes.2. 2.1. 2.1.imo.2. 2.1 C e e ie e The sensing unit shall be certified to operate before the smoke density within the sensing chamber exceeds 6. 2.asp ?docId= .1.3 The system shall be designed. 2.2 Duplicate sample extraction fans shall be provided.see IMO-Vega Note 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for sample extraction smoke detection systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.3 2.4 The system and equipment shall be suitably designed to withstand supply voltage variations and transients.1.1. 2. 2 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2.6 An alternative power supply for the electrical equipment used in the operation of the system shall be provided.extinguishing media into any accommodation and service space. Means shall be provided to monitor the airflow through the sampling pipes so designed as to ensure that as far as practicable equal quantities are extracted from each interconnected accumulator.5 The system shall be of a type that can be tested for correct operation and restored to normal surveillance without the renewal of any component.

imo.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 51/81 vp.1. where a space is designed to carry oil or refrigerated cargo alternatively with cargoes for which a smoke sampling system is required. Where systems are used in spaces which may be mechanically ventilated.3.2 working.2 Smoke accumulators shall be located for optimum performance and shall be spaced so that no part of the overhead deck area is more than 12 m measured horizontally from an accumulator.4.2.4.1.3. However. 2.3.3 2.1. 2.4 S e c e ie e Sampling pipes shall be self-draining and suitably protected from impact or damage from cargo 2.1.4 2. Not more than four accumulators shall be connected to each sampling point.3. 2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega with fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems when the minimum size of pipe shall be sufficient to permit the fire-extinguishing gas to be discharged within the appropriate time.2.3. 2.4.1 The control panel shall be located on the navigating bridge or in the continuously manned central control station. 2. Smoke accumulators from more than one enclosed space shall not be connected to the same sampling point.3.3 The detection of smoke or other products of combustion shall initiate a visual and audible signal Clear information shall be displayed on or adjacent to the control panel designating the spaces at the control panel and the navigating bridge or continuously manned central control station.1 Visual and audible fire signals 2.2. 2.3.4 Power supplies necessary for the operation of the system shall be monitored for loss of power. means may be provided to isolate the smoke accumulators in such compartments for the system.1. the position of the smoke accumulators shall be considered having regard to the effects of ventilation.3. 2. 2. 2.1.asp ?docId= .2 covered.3 2. Such means shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.1.1.4. 2.4.3.1.6 air.1 The sampling pipe arrangements shall be such that the location of the fire can be readily identified.1 I a ai e ie e Sampling pipes shall be provided with an arrangement for periodically purging with compressed Smoke accumulators At least one smoke accumulator shall be located in every enclosed space for which smoke detection is required.1 2.5 Smoke accumulators shall be positioned where impact or physical damage is unlikely to occur.2 Sampling pipes 2.

1 H If the room for the diesel driven power source is not heated.2 R Depending on the capacity of the fans and the length of system piping the maximum response time of the fans in combination with the system piping should be around 15 s. applicable from 2002-07-01 to 2012-01-01.2. was replaced by res. 2. IMO-Vega Guide 2.2 / 2. IMO-Vega Note This chapter.2 of chapter 10 below).1120 of 2 June 2004: C The interval (I) should depend on the number of scanning points (N) and the response time of the fans (T) (see interpretation of 2.asp ?docId= 52/81 .2. or other sources of stored energy. However.4 S If landings can be entered directly via entrance doors situated in stairway enclosures. the diesel driven power source for the pump should be fitted with electric heating of cooling water or lubricating oil.2.1 / 2.2. this chapter is applicable to 2012-01-01.1 of chapter 13. The other means of starting include those by compressed air. 2. MSC. However.4 of chapter 13. 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2. the maximum allowable interval should not exceed 120 s (Im ax = 120 s). 2.4 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.2. and generally applicable for ships built before that date.2 / 2.2. hydraulic power or starting cartridges.2 x T x N However. if landings cannot be entered by entrance doors. With a 20 % allowance: I = 1.2.2. * * * vp.3/26/12 IMO-Vega Any loss of power shall initiate a visual and audible signal at the control panel and the navigating bridge which shall be distinct from a signal indicating smoke detection. electricity. also issued as MSC/Circ.2 Testing Suitable instructions and component spares shall be provided for the testing and maintenance of the system.292(87) of 2010-0521. See new chapter 10.4. such landings should be considered as intermediate landings which should comply with the capacity requirements as given in 2.imo.2. the area of such landings should comply with the requirements of 2.3.1.

2 Any required system shall be capable of continuous operation at all times except that systems operating on a sequential scanning principle may be accepted.1.1 ENGINEERING SPECIFICATIONS General requirements 2.2 x T x N vp. in force from 2002-07-01.3 . provided that the interval between scanning the same position twice gives a maximum allowable interval determined as follows: The interval (I) should depend on the number of scanning points (N) and the response time of the fans (T).imo.1 . three-way valves: if the system is interconnected to a fixed-gas fire extinguishing system. applicable from 2012-01-01.1 A sample extraction smoke detection system consists of the following main components: smoke accumulators: air collection devices installed at the open ends of the sampling pipes in each cargo hold that perform the physical function of collecting air samples for transmission to the control panel through the sampling pipes. Extracted air from the protected spaces is drawn through the smoke accumulators and sampling pipes to the viewing chamber. and then to the smoke sensing chamber where the airstream is monitored by electrical smoke detectors. The crew can then determine at the smoke sensing unit which cargo hold is on fire and operate the pertinent three way valve for discharge of the extinguishing agent. Unless expressly provided otherwise. It typically may include a viewing chamber or smoke sensing units. and may also act as discharge nozzles for the fixed-gas fire extinguishing system.Sample extraction smoke detection systems For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01.1. sampling pipes: a piping network that connects the smoke accumulators to the control panel.98(73) in December 20000. adopted by res. and added in 2010 INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 10 . the requirements of this chapter shall apply to ships constructed on or after 1 January 2012. This chapter is totally revised. . the repeater panel (normally on the bridge) automatically sounds an alarm (not localized). it shall mean "sample extraction smoke detection system". 2 2. Document id: FS001001ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res. see IMO-Vega Note See Contents for this Code 1 APPLICATION This chapter details the specification of sample extraction smoke detection systems in cargo spaces as required by chapter II 2 of the Convention. If smoke is sensed.3/26/12 IMO-Vega The FSS Code. the three-way valves are re-aligned to connect the sampling pipes to the fire extinguishing system discharge manifold and isolate the control panel. arranged in sections to allow the location of the fire to be readily identified. and control panel: the main element of the system which provides continuous monitoring of the protected spaces for indication of smoke. 2. MSC. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments.asp ?docId= 53/81 . three-way valves are used to normally align the sampling pipes to the control panel and.98(73) 2000-12-05.4 2.1.1. if installed.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . MSC. with a 20% allowance: I = 1.2 . if a fire is detected.1 Wherever in the text of this chapter the word "system" appears.

4.3 The system shall be designed.asp ?docId= 54/81 .5 The system shall be of a type that can be tested for correct operation and restored to normal surveillance without the renewal of any component.1.imo.3. 2. Alternative standards may be used as determined by the Administration. The fan suction capacity should be adequate to ensure the response of the most remote area within the required time criteria in paragraph 2. Where systems are used in spaces which may be mechanically ventilated. An adequate filtering system shall be fitted at the additional accumulator to avoid dust contamination.4.3 The control panel shall permit observation of smoke in the individual sampling pipes. Means to monitor airflow shall be provided in each sampling line.1 Installation requirements S 2. 2. the position of the smoke accumulators shall be considered having regard to the effects of ventilation.3 Smoke accumulators shall be positioned where impact or physical damage is unlikely to occur. 2.2.3 2.2. The number of accumulators connected to each sampling pipe shall ensure compliance with paragraph 2. EN 54-4 (1997) and IEC 60092-504 (2001). equal quantities of airflow are extracted from each interconnected accumulator.2. 2. 2.1 At least one smoke accumulator shall be located in every enclosed space for which smoke detection is required. 2. service space. However.1.2.4 The system and equipment shall be suitably designed to withstand supply voltage variations and transients.2.2. The fans shall be of sufficient capacity to operate with the normal conditions or ventilation in the protected area and the connected pipe size shall be determined with consideration of fan suction capacity and piping arrangement to satisfy the conditions of paragraph 2.1.1.6 An alternative power supply for the electrical equipment used in the operation of the system shall be provided. 2. humidity.2.1 The sensing unit shall be certified to operate before the smoke density within the sensing chamber exceeds 6.1. Sampling pipes shall be a minimum of 12 mm internal diameter. 2. where a space is designed to carry oil or refrigerated cargo alternatively with cargoes for which a smoke sampling system is required. the maximum allowable interval should not exceed 120 s (Im ax = 120 s).3.4 The sampling pipes shall be so designed as to ensure that. impact and corrosion normally encountered in ships and to avoid the possibility of ignition of a flammable gas-air mixture. 2.2. Sampling pipes shall be provided with an arrangement for periodically purging with compressed 2.65% obscuration per metre.5 air.1.2. 2. 2.5 Smoke accumulators from more than one enclosed space shall not be connected to the same sampling pipe.1.2. At least one additional smoke accumulator is to be provided in the upper part of each exhaust ventilation duct.4.2. ambient temperature changes.3. control station or machinery space. means may be provided to isolate the smoke accumulators in such compartments for the system.3.4. as far as practicable. vp. and shall be spaced so that no part of the overhead deck area is more than 12 m measured horizontally from an accumulator. shock.2 Duplicate sample extraction fans shall be provided.3/26/12 IMO-Vega However.2. Such means shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.3.1.2 Component requirements 2.6 The control panel for the smoke detection system shall be tested according to standards EN 54-2 (1997). constructed and installed so as to prevent the leakage of any toxic or flammable substances or fire-extinguishing media into any accommodation space.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2. 2.1.3.4 Sampling pipe networks shall be balanced to ensure compliance with paragraph 2.2. vibration. 2.2 Smoke accumulators shall be located on the overhead or as high as possible in the protected space.

Any loss of power shall initiate a visual and audible signal at the control panel and the navigating bridge which shall be distinct from a signal indicating smoke detection. 2. after smoke is introduced at the most remote accumulator. MSC. The control panel shall clearly distinguish between normal. Suitable instructions and component spares shall be provided for the testing and maintenance of the system. and not more than 300 s for container and general cargo holds.3.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2.2.2 The control panel shall be located on the navigation bridge or in the fire control station.4.1.1The detection of smoke or other products of combustion shall initiate a visual and audible signal at the control panel and indicating units. 2.4.4.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.292(87) of 2010-05-21.1.2.1 The sampling pipe arrangements shall be such that the location of the fire can be readily identified.4.4. Document id: FS001002ABA vp. alarm. IMO-Vega Note This chapter. replaced the existing chapter 10.4. applicable from 2012-01-01. However existing chapter 10 may still be applicable for ships built before 2012-01-01.4 Power supplies necessary for the operation of the system shall be monitored for loss of power.1.1 System control requirements V 2. 2.6 The system shall be arranged to automatically reset to the normal operating condition after alarm and fault conditions are cleared.imo.2.2 Sampling pipes shall be self-draining and suitably protected from impact or damage from cargo working.2. 2. applicable from 2002-07-01 to 2012-01-01. 2.1. the system shall be functionally tested using smoke generating machines or equivalent as a smoke source. An indicating unit shall be located on the navigation bridge if the control panel is located in the fire control station. 2. 2.2 S 2.2 T 2.1.2 After installation.1. in force from 1 July 2002.4.3. fault and silenced conditions.4.3.4.3. as amended by res.5 Means to manually acknowledge all alarm and fault signals shall be provided at the control panel. An alarm shall be received at the control unit in not more than 180 s for vehicle decks.4 2.1. * * * The FSS Code is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. 2. smoke accumulators shall be located in both the upper and lower parts of the holds. 2.asp ?docId= 55/81 .6 In cargo holds where non-gastight "'tween deck panels" (movable stowage platforms) are provided. The audible alarm sounders on the control panel and indicating units may be manually silenced.3 Clear information shall be displayed on or adjacent to the control panel and indicating units designating the spaces covered. acknowledged alarm.4.

testing and application of low-location lighting on passenger ships as adopted by the Organization by resolution A. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 11 .asp ?docId= 56/81 .imo.98(73) in December 2000. 2 2.1) "Interim Guidelines for the Testing. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. in force from 2002-07-01.98(73) 2000-12-05. publication ISO 15370:2001 on Low.1168 (ref. vp.3/26/12 IMO-Vega International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.3. ** Refer to the Recommendations by the International Organization for Standardization.* or to an international standard acceptable to the Organization. Approval and Maintenance of Evacuation Guidance Systems used as an Alternative to Low-Location Lighting Systems". MSC.2.1 Engineering specifications Ge e a e ie e Any required low-location lighting systems shall be approved by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization. in particular.98(73) in December 2000.location lighting on passenger ships. SOLAS II-2/13.** _____ * Refer to the Guidelines for the evaluation. MSC. Document id: FS001101ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.5. IMO-Vega Guide See MSC/Circ.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2.752(18). MSC.Low location lighting systems For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for low-location lighting systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. adopted by res. IMO-Vega Note The FSS Code.

2.1. 2.2.2.000 gross tonnage and upwards.1.1 for passenger ships less than 1.1.000 gross tonnage 15 m³/h. See regulation II-2/10. This chapter is not applicable to passenger ships of 1.1.2 for cargo ships less than 2.2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1 C e e ie e Emergency fire pumps Capacity of the pump The capacity of the pump shall not be less than 40% of the total capacity of the fire pumps required by regulation II-2/10.Fixed emergency fire pumps For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for emergency fire pumps as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. 2 2. roll and pitch likely to be encountered in service.2. 2.4. and 25 m³/h .1. The ballast condition of a ship on entering or leaving a dry dock need not be considered a service condition.2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 12 .2.1.2.2. the pressure at any hydrants shall be not less than the minimum pressure required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.1 Engineering specifications Ge e a The emergency fire pump shall be of a fixed independently driven power-operated pump.3 Suction heads The total suction head and the net positive suction head of the pump shall be determined having due regard to the requirements of the Convention and this chapter on the pump capacity and on the hydrant pressure under all conditions of list.2.1 2. 2.1 of the Convention and in any case not less than the follow: .3.1 Diesel engines and fuel tank Starting of diesel engine Any diesel driven power source for the pump shall be capable of being readily started in its cold condition vp.2 2.000 gross tonnage and for cargo ships of 2.2 2.000 gross tonnage and upwards. trim.1 of the Convention for requirements for such ships.imo.2. 2.asp ?docId= 57/81 .2 Pressure at hydrants When the pump is delivering the quantity of water required by paragraph 2.2.

12.1.2.1. or if lower temperature are likely to be encountered.imo. 2. 2.1 IACS Unified Interpretation SC163 (Feb 2002)(Rev.1 Nov 2005)(Rev.2. or other sources of stored energy.10.1. * * * 2. the Administration may permit other means of starting.4.1120 of 2004-06-02 made interpretations to the following chapter / paragraph: Hea i g f die e d i e e ce a d he ea f a i g II-2/10 a d Cha e 12 f he FSS C de 1 If the room for the diesel driven power source is not heated.2. consideration is to be given to the provision and maintenance of heating arrangement.2. Where a fixed water-based fire extinguishing system installed for the protection of the machinery space in accordance with SOLAS regulation II-2/Reg.1/Circ.asp ?docId= N e i e 19 mm 58/81 .10. is supplied by the emergency fire pump. Ch.4. 2 The other means of starting include those by compressed air.2.2 Sept 2009) E (SOLAS C II.3. These means shall be such as to enable the diesel driven power source to be started at least six times within a period of 30 min and at least twice within the first 10 min. electricity.12. C .2.2.1. R .2.2 See MSC.1314 of 2009-06-10 A ica i e a ed e e ge c fi e ca aci .1) (SOLAS C II.2. R (FSS C . but shall not be less than 25 m3 /h. 2.1.10. acceptable to the Administration so that ready starting will be assured.3/26/12 IMO-Vega down to the temperature of 0 degrees C by hand (manual) cranking.1) .1. the diesel driven power source for the pump should be fitted with electric heating of cooling water or lubricating oil.2) The emergency fire pump shall as a minimum comply with paragraph 2.2. IMO-Vega Guide 2.2. 2.1. the emergency fire pump capacity shall be adequate to supply the fixed fire extinguishing system at the required pressure plus two jets of water. hydraulic power or starting cartridges. If hand (manual) starting is impracticable.1 of FSS Code. C Pe ea H da 16 mm vp.1.1/2.2. The capacity of the two jets shall in any case be calculated by that emanating from the biggest nozzle size available onboard from the following table (*note). If this is impracticable.1 MSC/Circ.2 Fuel tank capacity Any service fuel tank shall contain sufficient fuel to enable the pump to run on full load for at least three hours and sufficient reserves of fuel shall be available outside the machinery space of category A to enable the pump to be run on full load for an additional 15 h. f SOLAS eg a i * * * 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .

IMO-Vega Note The FSS Code.2. Document id: FS001201ABA vp. For further details regarding the date of “contract for construction”. 12. C . * * * 2.2 are to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates to ships contracted for construction on/after 1 January 2010.1.1.asp ?docId= 59/81 .29. Rev.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 0. This UI is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates from 1 January 2004.3) … with the following Notes: " _____ Note: 1.1 Apr 2011): E F P C S (FSS C . The “contracted for construction” date means the date on which the contract to build the vessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder. e: Changes introduced in Rev.2.3 See MSC.1388 of 2010-12-10 U ified i e e ai f cha e 12 f he FSS C de. The interpretations in this circular have also been re-implemented in.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . IACS Unified Interpretation SC178 (July 2003) (Withdrawn Apr 2005) (Rev.3 IACS Unified Interpretation SC164 (Feb.imo. 2. MSC.27 N/mm2 16 m3 /h 23. The “contracted for construction” date means the date on which the contract to build the vessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder.2. * * * 2.5 m3 /h * e: When selecting the biggest nozzle size available onboard.1. N 1. adopted by res. refer to IACS Procedural Requirement (PR) No. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. For further details regarding the date of “contract for construction”. the nozzles located in the space where the main fire pumps are located can be excluded.1 to the interpretation is applicable to members for ships contracted for construction on or after 1 January 2012. 2. " See also Technical Background for this IACS UI. in force from 2002-07-01. refer to IACS Procedural Requirement (PR) No.1/Circ.98(73) 2000-12-05. 2.1 Nov 2005): E : Where necessary to ensure priming. the emergency fire pump should be of the self-priming type. 2002) (Rev. 3. 29.

2. 2. even if they enter that stairway from another vertical zone.1.2.1. Occupant loads shall be rated by the designer for passenger and crew accommodation spaces.2.1 2.1.2. The minimum clear width of stairways shall be increased by 10 mm for every one person provided for in excess of 90 persons.2 It is the intention that the calculation method shall consider evacuation from enclosed spaces within each main vertical zone individually and take into account all of the persons using the stairway enclosures in each zone.3/26/12 IMO-Vega International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.2 2.1 Passenger ships Wid h f ai a Basic requirements for stairway width Stairways shall not be less than 900 mm in clear width. or the number obtained by assigning 2 m² of gross deck surface area to each person.Arrangement of means of escape For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for means of escape as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.1 2.2.1. 2 2.1.3 For each main vertical zone the calculation shall be completed for the night time (case 1) and day time (case 2) and the largest dimension from either case used for determining the stairway width for each deck under consideration.1.1.1.98(73) in December 2000. For the purpose of the calculation the maximum capacity of a public space shall be defined by either of the following two values: the number of seats or similar arrangements. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 13 . control spaces and machinery spaces. 2. The width of the stairways shall not be inferior to those determined by paragraph 2. service spaces.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2. The total number of persons to be evacuated by such stairways shall be assumed to be two thirds of the crew and the total number of passengers in the areas served by such stairways.2. vp.asp ?docId= 60/81 .1. 2.imo. MSC.4 The calculation of stairway widths shall be based upon the crew and passenger load on each deck.1 Calculation method of stairway width Basic principles of the calculation This calculation method determines the minimum stairway width at each deck level.1.1. taking into account the consecutive stairways leading into the stairway under consideration.1.

such that: P = S × 3.2.1.1.0 persons/m² .25 Z where: Z = the total number of persons expected to be evacuated on the deck being considered. which may be subtracted from Z to a maximum value of P = 0.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . when joining three decks: W=(N1 +N2 +0.25 N4 ) 10 mm.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2. away from the embarkation deck) of the deck being considered.5 N3 +0. and P m ax = 0. N1 > N2 > N3 > N4 (see figure 2). P = the number of persons taking temporary refuge on the stairway landing. minus the surface area necessary for the opening of doors and minus the surface area necessary for accessing the flow on stairs (see figure 1).e. the width of the stairways shall be determined by applying the above formula for four decks to the deck under consideration and to the consecutive deck. N = the total number of persons expected to use the stairway from each consecutive deck under consideration. These decks are assumed to be on or upstream (i. Figure 1 Landing calculation for stairway width reduction when joining four decks: vp.imo. when sizing the stairway width as each deck level.2. N2 is taken for the deck with the next highest number of persons directly entering the stairway flow such that.2 2. the following calculation methods shall be used (see figures 1 and 2): when joining two decks: W=(N1 +N2 ) 10 mm. N1 is for the deck with the largest number of persons using that stairway.asp ?docId= 61/81 .2. where: W = the required tread width between handrails of the stairway. When joining five decks or more decks.1 Calculation method for minimum value Basic formulae In considering the design of stairway widths for each individual case which allow for the timely flow of persons evacuating to the muster stations from adjacent decks above and below. The calculated value of W may be reduced where available landing area S is provided in stairways at the deck level defined by subtracting P from Z.5 N3 ) 10 mm.25 Z (to be rounded down to the nearest whole number) . W=(N1 +N2 +0. S = the surface area (m²) of the landing.

3/26/12 IMO-Vega Figure 2 Minimum stairway width (W) calculation example vp.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .asp ?docId= 62/81 .imo.

2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega Z (pers) = number of persons expected to evacuate through the stairway N (pers) = number of persons directly entering the stairway flow from W (mm) = (N1 + N2 + 0. vp. 2.255 mm.25 x N4 ) × 10 = calculated width of stairway D (mm) = width of exit doors N1 > N2 > N3 > N4 where: N1 (pers) = the deck with the largest number of persons N entering directly the stairway N2 (pers) = the deck with the next largest number of persons N entering directly the stairway.2. etc.1. Calculations shall be made separately for the two cases of occupancy of the spaces specified below.5 x N3 + 0.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .1. corridors and landings (see figure 3). Note 1: The doors to the assembly station should have aggregate width of 10.2.asp ?docId= 63/81 .2.2 Distribution of persons 2.2.1 The dimension of the means of escape shall be calculated on the basis of the total number of persons expected to escape by the stairway and through doorways.imo.

3/26/12 IMO-Vega For each component part of the escape route. members of the crew in cabins occupied to 2/3 of maximum berthing capacity. the dimension taken shall not be less than the largest dimension determined for each case: Case 1: Passengers in cabins with maximum berthing capacity fully occupied. and crew accommodation occupied by 1/3 of the crew.asp ?docId= 64/81 . and service spaces occupied by 1/3 of the crew. members of the crew in public spaces occupied to 1/3 of the maximum capacity. Figure 3 Occupant loading calculation example vp. Case 2: Passengers in public spaces occupied to of maximum capacity.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .imo. service spaces occupied by 1/3 of the crew.

2. shall not be assumed to be higher than the maximum number vp.imo. including persons entering stairways from another main vertical zone.1.asp ?docId= 65/81 .3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2.2 The maximum number of persons contained in a vertical zone.

The maximum clear width between handrails shall be 1. 2.3 Vertical rise and inclination Stairways shall not exceed 3.777).3/26/12 IMO-Vega of persons authorized to be carried on board for the calculation of stairway width only. 2.1 E ac a i e he e ba a i dec Assembly station It shall be recognized that the evacuation routes to the embarkation deck may include an assembly station.asp ?docId= .2 The aggregate width of stairway exit doors to the assembly station shall not be less than the aggregate width of stairways serving this deck.3 .2.2 Routes from the assembly station to the survival craft embarkation position Where the passengers and crew are held at an assembly station which is not at the survival craft embarkation position.5 2. the number of crew and passengers expected to escape by stairway and through doorways.3 D a a dc id 2. and 66/81 vp.1 De ai f ai a Handrails Stairways shall be fitted with handrails on each side. The width of these stairways and doors need not exceed 1. 2. 2.imo.4 2.4.5.800 mm. 2. except for those landings servicing public spaces having direct access onto the stairway enclosure. the dimension of stairway width and doors from the assembly station to this position shall not be based on the number of persons in the controlled group.1 .2 Alignment of stairways All stairways sized for more than 90 persons shall be aligned fore and aft. primary and secondary means of escape. corridors and landings.1.4 Mea f e ca e a Means of escape plans shall be provided indicating the following: the number of the crew and passengers in all normally occupied spaces. 2. assembly stations and survival craft embarkation positions.2. 2.2.3.2 . 2.1 Doorways and corridors and intermediate landings included in means of escape shall be sized in the same manner as stairways.2.3. The stairway shall not decrease in width in the direction of evacuation to the assembly station. 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . noting that evacuation of persons from assembly stations to embarkation positions will be carried out in small control groups.3 Prohibition of decrease in width in the direction to the assembly station* ________ * Refer to the Indication of the "assembly stations" in passenger ships (MSC/Circ.4 Landings Landings at each deck level shall be not less than 2 m² in area and shall increase by 1 m² for every 10 persons provided for in excess of 20 persons but need not exceed 16 m2 . In this case consideration shall be given to the fire-protection requirements and sizing of corridors and doors from the stairway enclosure to the assembly station and from the assembly station to the embarkation deck. except in the case of several assembly stations in one main vertical zone the stairway width shall not decrease in the direction of the evacuation to the most distant assembly station. 2.1 .500 mm unless larger dimensions are required for evacuation of these spaces under normal conditions.5 m in vertical rise without the provision of a landing and shall not have an angle of inclination greater than 45 degrees.2 2.4.

. However. 2. in general... situated in stairway enclosures.. adopted by res. but not greater than 50°. "Clear width" is considered the distance between the handrail and the bulkhead on the other side or between the handrails. corridors and landing areas.imo. 45°. 3 Cargo ships Stairways and corridors used as means of escape shall be not less than 700 mm in clear width and shall have a handrail on one side. doors. in force from 2002-07-01.98(73) 2000-12-05. 1120 of 2 June 2004 made interpretations to the following chapter / paragraph: . the area of such landings should comply with the requirements of paragraph 2. if landings cannot be entered by entrance doors. The angle of inclination of stairways should be. IMO-Vega Note The FSS Code.Fixed deck foam systems For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for fixed deck foam systems which are required to be provided by vp.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .. MSC. 13 2. doors..4 Size of landings and intermediate landings If landings can be entered directly via entrance doors. and in machinery spaces and small spaces not more than 60°.2. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 14 .98(73) in December 2000.800 mm and over shall have handrails on both sides.. such landings should be considered as intermediate landings which should comply with the capacity requirements as given in paragraph 2. MSC.4 of chapter 13. IMO-Vega Guide MSC/Circ.asp ?docId= 67/81 .2. Document id: FS001301ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.5. Stairways and corridors with a clear width of 1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega .3. corridors and landing areas.2 Means of escape plans shall be accompanied by detailed calculation for determining the width of escape stairways.. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. Doorways which give access to a stairway shall be of the same size as the stairway.1 of chapter 13.5 width of stairways.

2.1 .1.3/26/12 IMO-Vega chapter II. Operation of a deck foam system at its required output shall permit the simultaneous use of the minimum required number of jets of water at the required pressure from the fire main.1 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . where cargo tanks deck area means the maximum breadth of the ship multiplied by the total longitudinal extent of the cargo tank spaces.2.imo. 2.2 2. such area being entirely forward of the monitor.2.1.. 2 Engineering specifications General The arrangements for providing foam shall be capable of delivering foam to the entire cargo tanks 2. Where systems essentially produce low expansion foam. 2. or .6 l/min per square metre of cargo tanks deck area. 2.3 3 l/min per square metre of the area protected by the largest monitor. whichever is the greatest.1 M i a df a a ica Foam from the fixed foam system shall be supplied by means of monitors and foam applicators.2.2.e. but an expansion ratio slightly in excess of 12 to 1.1.1 deck area as well as into any cargo tank the deck of which has been ruptured. but not less than 1.1.1 and 2.798).2.2 6 l/min per square metre of the horizontal sectional area of the single tank having the largest such area. the quantity of foam solution available shall be calculated as for 12 to 1 expansion ratio systems.1. ** Refer to the Guidelines for the performance and testing criteria.2 Sufficient foam concentrate shall be supplied to ensure at least 20 min of foam generation in tankers fitted with an inert gas installation or 30 min of foam generation in tankers not fitted with an inert gas installation when using solution rates stipulated in paragraph 2.1.1. __________ * Refer to the Guidelines for the performance and testing criteria. the application rate of the foam and the capacity of a monitor installation shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. the ratio of the volume of foam produced to the volume of the mixture of water and foam-making concentrate supplied) shall not generally exceed 12 to 1.extinguishing systems (MSC/Circ.2 2.2 2.2. The foam expansion ratio (i.1.2. At least 50% of the foam solution supply rate required in paragraphs 2.2 shall be vp. and surveys of low-expansion foam concentrates for fixed fire.2.extinguishing systems (MSC/Circ.2 of the Convention. .2. and surveys of medium expansion foam concentrates for fixed fire.* When medium expansion ratio foam** (between 50 to 1 and 150 to 1 expansion ratio) is employed. as appropriate.1.asp ?docId= 68/81 .582 and Corr.250 l/min.1 2.1).3 The deck foam system shall be capable of simple and rapid operation.1 Component requirements F a i a df a c ce ae The rate of supply of foam solution shall be not less than the greatest of the following: 0.1.

1 2.2.3 A monitor and hose connection for a foam applicator shall be situated both port and starboard at the front of the poop or accommodation spaces facing the cargo tanks deck.imo. adjacent to the accommodation spaces and readily accessible and operable in the event of fire in the areas protected.2. On tankers of less than 4.2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2.2.3 2.3.000 tonnes deadweight a hose connection for a foam applicator shall be situated both port and starboard at the front of the poop or accommodation spaces facing the cargo tanks deck.3.1. 2.1 A ica The number of foam applicators provided shall be not less than four. 2.2.1.3. 2.2.000 tonnes deadweight the Administration may not require installation of monitors but only applicators. The number and disposition of foam main outlets shall be such that foam from at least two applicators can be directed on to any part of the cargo tanks deck area.2.3. 2.3.3 2.3.4 I ai a e Valves shall be provided in the foam main.3 / 2. 2. and in the fire main when this is an integral part of the deck foam system.3 The capacity of any applicator shall be not less than 400 l/min and the applicator throw in still air conditions shall be not less than 15 m.1.250 l/min.3.2 2.1.2 M i The number and position of monitors shall be such as to comply with paragraph 2.2 The capacity of any monitor shall be at least 3 l/min of foam solution per square metre of deck area protected by that monitor. Such capacity shall be not less than 1.2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega delivered from each monitor.3.3.3 vp. However.3. immediately forward of any monitor position to isolate damaged sections of those mains. in such a case the capacity of each applicator shall be at least 25% of the foam solution supply rate required in paragraphs 2.3.2. 2.1.3. IMO-Vega Guide 2.1 or 2.3 / 2.1.3.2 Applicators shall be provided to ensure flexibility of action during fire-fighting operations and to cover areas screened from the monitors.1.1 Installation requirements Mai c ai The main control station for the system shall be suitably located outside the cargo area. such area being entirely forward of the monitor. 2. The distance from the monitor to the farthest extremity of the protected area forward of that monitor shall not be more than 75% of the monitor throw in still air conditions. On tankers of less than 4.asp ?docId= 69/81 .2. 2.

3 and 2. 14 of FSS Code apply to all tankers regardless of size.1 IACS Unified Interpretation SC150 (May 1999) (Rev.3.2. 2.imo. A common line for fire main and deck foam lines can only be accepted provided it can be demonstrated that the hose nozzles can be effectively controlled by one person when supplied from the common line at a pressure needed for the operation of the monitors.1. Revised guidelines for the performance and testing criteria.1312 of 2009-06-10.3/26/12 IMO-Vega From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.2/2.3. in the accommodation.6.2. The simultaneous use of the minimum required jets of water should be possible on deck over the full length of the ship. also issued as MSC/Circ. 2.3. The controls of the system are to be located in accordance with FSS Code Ch.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .3 of Ch.1 IACS Unified Interpretation SC60 (Rev.3. * * * See MSC.2. Additional foam concentrate should be provided for operation of two nozzles for the same period of time required for the foam system.1120 of 2 June 2004: 2.2. * * * 2.3 F Port and starboard monitors required by this regulation may be located in the cargo area as defined in regulation 3.3.1.2.14. N e: This UI SC150 is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Members and Associates from 1 January 2000.1 Nov 2005): F : 2. vp.3 C .asp ?docId= 70/81 .3 A This applies to all tankers regardless of their size. 2.1 Nov 2005): L I e e ai : : The major equipment such as the foam concentrate tank and the pumps may be located in the engine room. * * * 2.1/Circ. service spaces.1. provided they are aft of cargo tanks and that they protect below and aft of each other. control stations and machinery spaces. and surveys of foam concentrates for fixed fire-extinguishing systems.

485) and to the Revised guidelines for inert gas systems (MSC /C irc.1 2.1 2.2 and tested to the satisfaction of the Administration. then cargo discharge. as amended by MSC /C irc. testing and locating of devices to prevent the passage of flame into cargo tanks in tankers (MSC /C irc.353).** ____________ * Refer to the Revised standards for the design.677) and the Revised factors to be taking into consideration when designing cargo tank venting and gas-freeing arrangements (MSC /C irc. MSC.98(73) 2000-12-05.1. Document id: FS001401ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.450/Rev.1.asp ?docId= 71/81 .imo.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . ** Refer to the C larification of inert gas system requirements under the C onvention (MSC /C irc.3/26/12 IMO-Vega IMO-Vega Note The FSS Code.98(73) in December 2000. except when such tanks are required to be gas-free. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. adopted by res. In the event that the inert gas system is unable to meet the operational requirement set out above and it has been assessed that it is impracticable to effect a repair.Inert gas systems For ships constructed on or after 2002-07-01 See Contents for this Code 1 Application This chapter details the specifications for inert gas systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention. MSC. 2 Engineering specifications General Throughout this chapter the term cargo tank includes also slop tanks.1). 2. It shall be so designed* and operated as to render and maintain the atmosphere of the cargo tanks non-flammable at all times. constructed 2. in force from 2002-07-01.1. deballasting and necessary tank cleaning shall only be resumed when the "emergency conditions" specified in the Guidelines on inert gas systems are complied with. The inert gas system referred to in chapter II-2 of the Convention shall be designed.387. INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 15 .3 Re i ed f ci The system shall be capable of: vp.

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.1

inerting empty cargo tanks by reducing the oxygen content of the atmosphere in each tank to a level at which combustion cannot be supported;

.2

maintaining the atmosphere in any part of any cargo tank with an oxygen content not exceeding 8% by volume and at a positive pressure at all times in port and at sea except when it is necessary for such a tank to be gas-free;

.3

eliminating the need for air to enter a tank during normal operations except when it is necessary for such a tank to be gas-free; and

.4

purging empty cargo tanks of a hydrocarbon gas, so that subsequent gas-freeing operations will at no time create a flammable atmosphere within the tank.

2.2 2.2.1

Component requirements S fi e ga

2.2.1.1

The inert gas supply may be treated flue gas from main or auxiliary boilers. The Administration

may accept systems using flue gases from one or more separate gas generators or other sources or any combination thereof, provided that an equivalent standard of safety is achieved. Such systems shall, as far as practicable, comply with the requirements of this chapter. Systems using stored carbon dioxide shall not be permitted unless the Administration is satisfied that the risk of ignition from generation of static electricity by the system itself is minimized. 2.2.1.2 The system shall be capable of delivering inert gas to the cargo tanks at a rate of at least 125%

of the maximum rate of discharge capacity of the ship expressed as a volume. 2.2.1.3 The system shall be capable of delivering inert gas with an oxygen content of not more than 5 %

by volume in the inert gas supply main to the cargo tanks at any required rate of flow. 2.2.1.4 Two fuel oil pumps shall be fitted to the inert gas generator. The Administration may permit only

one fuel oil pump on condition that sufficient spares for the fuel oil pump and its prime mover are carried on board to enable any failure of the fuel oil pump and its prime mover to be rectified by the ship's crew. 2.2.2 2.2.2.1 Sc bbe

A flue gas scrubber shall be fitted which will effectively cool the volume of gas specified in

paragraphs 2.2.1.2 and 2.2.1.3 and remove solids and sulphur combustion products. The cooling water arrangements shall be such that an adequate supply of water will always be available without interfering with any essential services on the ship. Provision shall also be made for an alternative supply of cooling water. 2.2.2.2 Filters or equivalent devices shall be fitted to minimize the amount of water carried over to the

inert gas blowers. 2.2.2.3 The scrubber shall be located aft of all cargo tanks, cargo pump-rooms and cofferdams

separating these spaces from machinery spaces of category A. 2.2.3 B e
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2.2.3.1

At least two blowers shall be fitted and be capable of delivering to the cargo tanks at least the

volume of gas required by paragraphs 2.2.1.2 and 2.2.1.3. For systems with gas generators the Administration may permit only one blower if that system is capable of delivering the total volume of gas required by paragraphs 2.2.1.2 and 2.2.1.3 to the protected cargo tanks, provided that sufficient spares for the blower and its prime mover are carried on board to enable any failure of the blower and its prime mover to be rectified by the ship's crew. 2.2.3.2 The inert gas system shall be so designed that the maximum pressure which it can exert on any

cargo tank will not exceed the test pressure of any cargo tank. Suitable shutoff arrangements shall be provided on the suction and discharge connections of each blower. Arrangements shall be provided to enable the functioning of the inert gas plant to be stabilized before commencing cargo discharge. If the blowers are to be used for gas-freeing, their air inlets shall be provided with blanking arrangements. 2.2.3.3 The blowers shall be located aft of all cargo tanks, cargo pump-rooms and cofferdams separating

these spaces from machinery spaces of category A. 2.2.4 2.2.4.1 Wa e ea

The water seal referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.4.1 shall be capable of being supplied by two

separate pumps, each of which shall be capable of maintaining an adequate supply at all times. 2.2.4.2 The arrangement of the seal and its associated fittings shall be such that it will prevent backflow

of hydrocarbon vapours and will ensure the proper functioning of the seal under operating conditions. 2.2.4.3 Provision shall be made to ensure that the water seal is protected against freezing, in such a

way that the integrity of seal is not impaired by overheating. 2.2.4.4 A water loop or other approved arrangement shall also be fitted to each associated water

supply and drain pipe and each venting or pressure-sensing pipe leading to gas-safe spaces. Means shall be provided to prevent such loops from being emptied by vacuum. 2.2.4.5 The deck water seal and loop arrangements shall be capable of preventing return of

hydrocarbon vapours at a pressure equal to the test pressure of the cargo tanks. 2.2.4.6 In respect of paragraph 2.4.3.1.7, the Administration shall be satisfied as to the maintenance of

an adequate reserve of water at all times and the integrity of the arrangements to permit the automatic formation of the water seal when the gas flow ceases. The audible and visual alarm on the low level of water in the water seal shall operate when the inert gas is not being supplied. 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.1.1 Installation requirements Safe ea e i he e

Flue gas isolating valves

Flue gas isolating valves shall be fitted in the inert gas supply mains between the boiler uptakes and the flue gas scrubber. These valves shall be provided with indicators to show whether they are open or shut, and precautions shall be taken to maintain them gas-tight and keep the seatings clear of soot. Arrangements shall be made to ensure that boiler soot blowers cannot be operated when the
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corresponding flue gas valve is open. 2.3.1.2 2.3.1.2.1 Prevention of flue gas leakage Special consideration shall be given to the design and location of scrubber and blowers with

relevant piping and fittings in order to prevent flue gas leakages into enclosed spaces. 2.3.1.2.2 To permit safe maintenance, an additional water seal or other effective means of preventing

flue gas leakage shall be fitted between the flue gas isolating valves and scrubber or incorporated in the gas entry to the scrubber. 2.3.1.3 2.3.1.3.1 Gas regulation valves A gas regulating valve shall be fitted in the inert gas supply main. This valve shall be

automatically controlled to close as required in paragraphs 2.3.1.5. It shall also be capable of automatically regulating the flow of inert gas to the cargo tanks unless means are provided to automatically control the speed of the inert gas blowers required in paragraph 2.2.3. 2.3.1.3.2 The valve referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.3.1 shall be located at the forward bulkhead of the

forward most gas-safe space* through which the inert gas supply main passes. __________ * A gas-safe space is a space in which the entry of hydrocarbon gases would produce hazards with regard to flammability or toxicity. 2.3.1.4 2.3.1.4.1 Non-return devices of flue gas At least two non-return devices, one of which shall be a water seal, shall be fitted in the inert

gas supply main, in order to prevent the return of hydrocarbon vapour to the machinery space uptakes or to any gas-safe spaces under all normal conditions of trim, list and motion of the ship. They shall be located between the automatic valve required by paragraph 2.3.1.3.1 and the aftermost connection to any cargo tank or cargo pipeline. 2.3.1.4.2 2.3.1.4.3 The devices referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.4.1 shall be located in the cargo area on deck. The second device shall be a non-return valve or equivalent capable of preventing the return

of vapours or liquids and fitted forward of the deck water seal required in paragraph 2.3.1.4.1. It shall be provided with positive means of closure. As an alternative to positive means of closure, an additional valve having such means of closure may be provided forward of the non-return valve to isolate the deck water seal from the inert gas main to the cargo tanks. 2.3.1.4.4 As an additional safeguard against the possible leakage of hydrocarbon liquids or vapours

back from the deck main, means shall be provided to permit this section of the line between the valve having positive means of closure referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.4.3 and the valve referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.3 to be vented in a safe manner when the first of these valves is closed. 2.3.1.5 2.3.1.5.1 Automatic shutdown Automatic shutdown of the inert gas blowers and gas regulating valve shall be arranged on

predetermined limits being reached in respect of paragraphs 2.4.3.1.1, 2.4.3.1.2 and 2.4.3.1.3.
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2.3.1.5.2 2.4.3.1.4. 2.3.1.6

Automatic shutdown of the gas regulating valve shall be arranged in respect of paragraph

Oxygen rich gas

In respect of paragraph 2.4.3.1.5, when the oxygen content of the inert gas exceeds 8% by volume, immediate action shall be taken to improve the gas quality. Unless the quality of the gas improves, all cargo tank operations shall be suspended so as to avoid air being drawn into the tanks and the isolation valve referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.4.3 shall be closed. 2.3.2 2.3.2.1 I e ga i e

The inert gas main may be divided into two or more branches forward of the non-return devices

required by paragraphs 2.2.4 and 2.3.1.4. 2.3.2.2 The inert gas supply main shall be fitted with branch piping leading to each cargo tank. Branch

piping for inert gas shall be fitted with either stop valves or equivalent means of control for isolating each tank. Where stop valves are fitted, they shall be provided with locking arrangements, which shall be under the control of a responsible ship's officer. The control system operated shall provide unambiguous information of the operational status of such valves. 2.3.2.3 In combination carriers, the arrangement to isolate the slop tanks containing oil or oil residues

from other tanks shall consist of blank flanges which will remain in position at all times when cargoes other than oil are being carried except as provided for in the relevant section of the Guidelines on inert gas systems.* _________
* Refer to the Revised guidelines for inert-gas systems (MSC/Circ.353 ), as amended by MSC /C irc.387.

2.3.2.4

Means shall be provided to protect cargo tanks against the effect of overpressure or vacuum

caused by thermal variations when the cargo tanks are isolated from the inert gas mains. 2.3.2.5 Piping systems shall be so designed as to prevent the accumulation of cargo or water in the

pipelines under all normal conditions. 2.3.2.6 Arrangements shall be provided to enable the inert gas main to be connected to an external

supply of inert gas. The arrangements shall consist of a 250 mm nominal pipe size bolted flange, isolated from the inert gas main by a valve and located forward of the non-return valve referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.4.3. The design of the flange should conform to the appropriate class in the standards adopted for the design of other external connections in the ship's cargo piping system. 2.3.2.7 If a connection is fitted between the inert gas supply main and the cargo piping system,

arrangements shall be made to ensure an effective isolation having regard to the large pressure difference which may exist between the systems. This shall consist of two shutoff valves with an arrangement to vent the space between the valves in a safe manner or an arrangement consisting of a spool-piece with associated blanks. 2.3.2.8 The valve separating the inert gas supply main from the cargo main and which is on the cargo

main side shall be a non-return valve with a positive means of closure.
vp.imo.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .asp ?docId= 75/81

1.1 low water pressure or low water flow rate to the flue gas scrubber as referred to in paragraph 2.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2 2.2 in the machinery control room or in the machinery space to indicate the oxygen content referred to in paragraph 2. audible and visual alarms shall be provided to indicate: . high gas temperature as referred to in paragraph 2.1 A dib e a d i a aa For inert gas systems of both the flue.4 high water level in the flue gas scrubber as referred to in paragraph 2.1. 2.4.2.4.4 Portable instruments for measuring oxygen and flammable vapour concentration shall be provided. .1 the pressure of the inert gas supply mains forward of the non.1.2. 76/81 vp.4. and .2.4. In addition.1 shall be placed in the cargo control room where provided.4.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2.4.4.2.3 . 2.4.3 . whenever those tanks are isolated from the inert gas supply main. referred to in paragraphs 2. meters shall be fitted: in the navigating bridge to indicate at all times the pressure referred to in paragraph 2.2 The devices referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.1 In addition.4.return devices required by paragraph 2.2.4 2.imo. 2.2.2.3.2. and .2 the oxygen content of the inert gas in the inert gas supply mains on the discharge side of the gas blowers.2. when inert gas is being supplied: .3. 2.5 Suitable means shall be provided for the zero and span calibration of both fixed and portable gas concentration measurement instruments.1.2. whenever the gas blowers are operating.2.2. But where no cargo control room is provided.1 and the pressure in the slop tanks of combination carriers.2.2. suitable arrangement shall be made on each cargo tank such that the condition of the tank atmosphere can be determined using these portable instruments.1 I dica i g a d ec di g de ice Instrumentation shall be fitted for continuously indicating and permanently recording.2.3 2. gas type and the inert gas generator type. they shall be placed in a position easily accessible to the officer in charge of cargo operations. 2.4. failure of the inert gas blowers referred to in paragraph 2.4.4.asp ?docId= .1.2 .1 Operation and control requirements I dica i de ice Means shall be provided for continuously indicating the temperature and pressure of the inert gas at the discharge side of the gas blowers.4.4.4.1. 2.

4. where provided.1.8 low water level in the water seal as referred to in paragraph 2.1.2.4.6 and 2.1.3.4.4.1120 of 2 June 2004: As a guide.1 .1.1.2. covering the operations. 2. but in each case in such a position that they are immediately received by responsible members of the crew.4 I ci a a Detailed instruction manuals shall be provided on board.1.5 . The alarm arrangement shall be such as to ensure that the pressure in slop tanks in combination carriers can be monitored at all times.3 and 2. __________ * Refer to the Revised guidelines for inert gas systems (MSC/Circ.1. IMO-Vega Guide 2. 2.3.4. .org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .imo. the effective isolation required by this paragraph may be achieved by the two arrangements shown in figures 1 and 2 of chapter 15 and below. The alarms required in paragraphs 2.4.7 From SOLAS Interpretations as approved by IMO 2008-10-30.2 .3. failure of the power supply to the automatic control system for the gas regulating valve and to the indicating devices as referred to in paragraphs 2.353 ). additional audible and visual alarms shall be provided to indicate: .4.3.* The manuals shall include guidance on procedures to be followed in the event of a fault or failure of the inert gas system.4.1.3.1.3.3 insufficient fuel oil supply.3/26/12 IMO-Vega . and failure of the power supply to the automatic control system for the generator.8 or automatic shutdown of cargo pumps shall be provided to operate on predetermined limits of low pressure in the inert gas main being reached. gas pressure less than 100 mm water gauge as referred to in paragraph 2.1.4.7 . For inert gas systems of the inert gas generator type.4.2 high gas pressure as referred to in paragraph 2.3.4.asp ?docId= 77/81 .3 2.1.3.4.8 shall be fitted in the machinery space and cargo control room.4 An audible alarm system independent of that required in paragraph 2.4. and .2. 2. also issued as MSC/Circ. failure of the power supply to the generator.2.3.2.9 2.6 oxygen content in excess of 8% by volume as referred to in paragraph 2.5. safety and maintenance requirements and occupational health hazards relevant to the inert gas system and its application to the cargo tank system.1. vp.2.3.1.

3/26/12 IMO-Vega (This interpretation is similar with the one in IACS Unified Interpretation SC62 Rev. Nov.3.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .asp ?docId= 78/81 . 2005).8 in this chapter) vp.imo.2.1. except that SC62 also refers to 2.

7. they shall be electrically conductive. vp.3/26/12 IMO-Vega IMO-Vega Note The FSS Code. Document id: FS001501ABA International Code for Fire Safety Systems as adopted by res.1 G 2.5.98(73) 2000-12-05. MSC.1/C irc.1.2 The system shall be comprised of a central unit for gas measurement and analysis and gas sampling pipes in all ballast tanks and void spaces of double-hull and double bottom spaces adjacent to the cargo tanks.3.1. in force from 2002-07-01.10 may be accepted in cases where the system fully complies with the requirement of regulation II-2/2 of the Convention.1 Common sampling lines to the detection equipment shall not be fitted. The gas sampling lines shall not be made of aluminium.5.1 ENGINEERING SPECIFICATIONS General 2. except the lines serving each pair of sampling points as required in paragraph 2.2 Component requirements 2. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. 2 2. including the forepeak tank and any other tanks and spaces under the bulkhead deck adjacent to cargo tanks. and added in 2010 INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS Chapter 16 .3 and II-2/4. constructed and tested to the satisfaction of the Administration based on performance standards developed by the Organization *. Where non-metallic materials are used. construction and testing of fixed hydrocarbon gas detection system (MSC . 2. adopted by res.Fixed Hydrocarbon Gas Detection Systems For ships constructed on or after 2012-01-01 This chapter is new from 2012-01-01. 1. 2.2.1.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl . 2.1 This chapter details the specifications for fixed hydrocarbon gas detection systems as required by chapter II-2 of the Convention.1370).1.asp ?docId= 79/81 .3.2 are sampled at the rate required in paragraph 2.1. see IMO-Vega Note See Contents for this Code 1 APPLICATION 1.2.98(73) in December 20000. MSC. provided that the spaces referred to in paragraph 2.2.3 The system may be integrated with the cargo pump-room gas detection system. 2.2 A combined gas detection system required by regulations II-2/4.imo.1 The fixed hydrocarbon gas detection system referred to in chapter II-2 of the Convention shall be designed.2.1.2.2 The materials of construction and the dimensions of gas sampling lines shall be such as to prevent restriction.1. Continuous sampling from other locations may also be considered provided the sampling rate is complied with. ___________ * Refer to the Guidelines for the design.1.

5 For ballast tanks in the double-bottom.2. 2.. provided the following requirements are observed: . solenoids.2.3/26/12 IMO-Vega 2. and where the enclosure cannot be arranged directly on the bulkhead.4 and 2.2.5. At a gas concentration above 30% of the lower flammable limit inside the steel enclosure the entire gas analysing unit is to be automatically shut down.1.2.1. in case the fixed system is out of order or for system calibration.1 The gas analysis unit shall be located in a safe space and may be located in areas outside the ship's cargo area. The position of the lower located gas sampling point shall be above the height of the girder of bottom shell plating but at least 0.. which shall not be higher than the equivalent of 30% of the lower flammable limit.2. 2.2. due regard should also be given to the density of vapours of the oil products intended to be transported and the dilution from space purging or ventilation. a manual isolating valve. the upper gas sampling point is not required. sample pipes shall be of steel or other equivalent material and without detachable connections.4 . . and are to be routed on their shortest ways. In case the system is out of order.3 .1.000 tonnes.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .2.2. navigation bridge and at the analysing unit when the vapour concentration in a given space reaches a pre-set value. one located on the lower and one on the upper part where sampling is required.3 The configuration of gas sampling lines shall be adapted to the design and size of each space.3 Audible and visual alarms are to be initiated in the cargo control room. 2. the Administration may allow the installation of one sampling location for each tank for practical and/or operational reasons.4 For ships with deadweight of less than 50.5.2.4 calibrated.5 2.asp ?docId= 80/81 . 2.3. procedures shall be in place to continue to monitor the atmosphere with portable instruments and to record the measurement results. ballast tanks not intended to be partially filled and void spaces. except where permitted under subparagraph .3. 2. sequentially at intervals not exceeding 30 min. 2. which shall be easily accessible for operation and maintenance. in the cargo control room and/or navigation bridge in addition to the hydraulic room when mounted on the forward bulkhead. the sampling system shall allow for a minimum of two hydrocarbon gas sampling points.2. The gas detection equipment shall be so designed that it may readily be tested and vp.5 m from the bottom of the tank and it shall be provided with means to be closed when clogged.1 The gas detection equipment shall be designed to sample and analyse from each sampling line of each protected space.3 G 2.1.imo.1. the hydrocarbon gas detection equipment including sample piping.2.1 .2 sampling lines shall not run through gas safe spaces. the hydrocarbon gas sampling pipes shall be equipped with flame arresters.3. Except as provided in paragraphs 2. analysing units etc.2.2 G 2. sample pumps. In positioning the fixed sampling points.2. not close to a source of ignitions and not close to the accommodation area air intakes. shall be located in a reasonably gas tight cabinet (e. the upper gas sampling point shall not be located lower than 1 m from the tank top. When required. for example.2.g. shall be fitted in each of the sampling lines at the bulkhead on the gas safe side.6 Means shall be provided to prevent gas sampling lines from clogging when tanks are ballasted by using compressed air flushing to clean the line after switching from ballast to cargo loaded mode.3. except for the connection points for isolating valves at the bulkhead and analysing unit.1.2 Means shall be provided to enable measurements with portable instruments. Sample hydrocarbon gas is to be led to the atmosphere with outlets arranged in a safe location. 2. The system shall have an alarm to indicate if the gas sampling lines are clogged. fully enclosed steel cabinet with a door with gaskets) which is to be monitored by its own sampling point.

MSC.imo.asp ?docId= 81/81 .98(73) 2000-12-05.org/Customer/Subscriptions/IMOVEGA/MemberPages/IMODocumentPrintFriendl .292(87) of 2010-05-21. adopted by res. MSC. as added by res. The FSS Code.3/26/12 IMO-Vega IMO-Vega Note This chapter. in force from 2002-07-01. is mandatory under SOLAS Chapter II-2 as amended by the 2000 SOLAS Amendments. is applicable from 2012-01-01. Document id: FS001601ABA vp.

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