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SCIENCE LABORATORY PRACTICAL 3 Ex-situ Conservation 1.0 2.0 Title : Ex-situ Conservation: Zoos & Botanical Garden
Introduction: There are two ways of biodiversity conservation which are in-situ conservation and ex situ conservation. In-situ conservation means "on-site conservation". It is the process of protecting an endangered plant or animal species in its natural habitat, either by protecting or cleaning up the habitat itself, or by defending the species from predators. The benefit to in-situ conservation is that it maintains recovering populations in the surrounding where they have developed their distinctive properties. As a last resort, ex-situ conservation may be used on some or all of the population, when in-situ conservation is too difficult, or impossible. Ex-situ conservation means literally, "off-site conservation". It is the process of protecting an endangered species of plant or animal by removing part of the population from a threatened habitat and placing it in a new location, which may be a wild area or within the care of humans. While ex-situ conservation comprises some of the oldest and best known conservation methods, it also involves newer, sometimes controversial laboratory methods. Zoos and botanical gardens are the most conventional methods of ex-situ conservation, all of which house whole, protected specimens for breeding and reintroduction into the wild when necessary and possible. These facilities provide not only housing and care for specimens of endangered species, but also have an educational value. They inform the public of the threatened status of endangered species and of those factors
Nur Suhaili Binti Saidin / PISMP Science January 2007 Intake
They are the most publicly visited ex-situ conservation sites. The reason is by climate. But this Ethnobotanical Garden conserve about 100 species herbal plants that collected from all Peninsular Malaysia. Sabah and Sarawak. But. because the garden provides the different types of species and not focus on particular groups only.0 Questions and Answers: 1. In the global level of the range it is referred as a place where the scientist do their research to the certain species that are provided in the garden.SCE 3107 Ecosystem & Biodiversity Ex-situ Conservation which cause the threat. Ethnobotanical Garden is the one of the most largest species collectors for biodiversity conservation in Malaysia. Plant Discovery Garden is a place where it has some of the most interesting and unite plants in this garden. For example is native Nur Suhaili Binti Saidin / PISMP Science January 2007 Intake . some species such as four season plants cannot be find here. No. The suitable plants for certain type of species is citronella oil (Cymbopogon Nardus). Actually. with the hope of creating public interest in stopping and reversing those factors which jeopardize a species' survival in the first place. What range of diversity is present ? How representative of total biodiversity at (a) a national and (b) a global level are these zoo and garden collections? Do they focus on particular groups and under represent others ? Explain. tongkat ali (IEurycomal longifilia) and so on. The climate is not suitable for them. with the WZCS (World Zoo Conservation Strategy) estimating that the 1100 organized zoos in the world receive more than 600 million visitors annually--roughly ten percent of the world's population. 3. So the range of diversity is not representative as a global level garden collection. the range cannot be determined as the life species in the garden that need different type of climate.
The merits of ex situ conservation is makes it easier for scientist to study. By conservation of ex situ. Facilities such as botanical gardens. slipper orchids. distribute and use plant genetic resources. What do in situ and ex situ mean? What are the merits and shortcomings of ex situ conservation? The term in situ conservation means taking care of biodiversity in its natural habitat.SCE 3107 Ecosystem & Biodiversity Ex-situ Conservation orchids. This method complements in situ conservation. All plants here is divided in blocks according to their species. aquatic plants. In this garden. For example. So. But. features and soil. The ex situ conservation of different species means taking care of them outside of their natural habitats. seeking to provide the minimal conditions required to maintain genetic variety in its natural state. For example. we must understand clearly the needs of the animals Nur Suhaili Binti Saidin / PISMP Science January 2007 Intake . the populations of natural wild species and. the tigers. The shortcoming of ex situ conservation is trying to breed the tiger in an environment or to create the new habitat like the natural habitat. the range of diversity that present is representative of total biodiversity at a national and global level. bromeliads and the Venus Flytrap. It is because of the natural habitat of the tiger s destroyed. economic crops. consequently. It also means protecting an important part of our natural ecosystems. The reason is the plants were collected from around the world. pitcher-plants. are used. especially when measures to recover and rehabilitate endangered species and reintroduce them to their natural habitats. research. the Venus Flytrap is the most spectacular tropical America plants. 2. ex situ conservation is more controlled than in situ conservation. tiger is transferred to the new place or habitat. zoos and aquariums are used to conserve plants and animals ex situ.
This conservation does not need a high cost. while helpful in man's efforts to sustain and protect our environment. ex-situ conservation removes the Nur Suhaili Binti Saidin / PISMP Science January 2007 Intake . Why do many people think it is not right to attempt to “bring back” extinct species such as the Tasmanian tiger? What are the conservation implications of these types of actions? Ex-situ conservation. or who are unable to breed in the wild. by careful habitat management. it is suitable for the animals or plants to live in their own habitat than the new habitat. 4. Maybe they will die. in zoos/gardens? Some ecologist believes that in-situ conservation. they will not live longer at the place. or as a supplement to in-situ conservation because it cannot recreate the habitat as a whole: the entire genetic variation of a species. Furthermore. It is to be used as a last resort. or those elements which. Moreover. and that it is unacceptable to maintain species which no longer have any natural habitat. by careful habitat management. It makes the population of the animals and plants become decrease. is rarely enough to save a species from extinction. or who are unable to breed in the wild.SCE 3107 Ecosystem & Biodiversity Ex-situ Conservation and plants. the new habitat is more costly. it is unacceptable to maintain species which no longer have any natural habitat. 3. we must work fairly so that they will conserve well. in zoos/gardens because of the new habitat is not same with the natural habitat. By the way. might help a species adapt to its changing surroundings. is the only acceptable conservation strategy because in situ conservation taking care of biodiversity in its natural habitat. So. Why do some ecologists believe that in situ conservation. Sometimes some of the animals and plants cannot adapt well with their new habitat. Instead. is the only acceptable conservation strategy. its symbiotic counterparts. If we want to conserve them. over time.
L. Selangor Darul Ehsan: Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Excel in STPM Biology. Bhd.net/information/in-situ+conservation http://www. some of which are nearly impossible to recreate by man. ex-situ conservation techniques are often costly. with cryogenic storage being economically infeasible in most cases since species stored in this manner cannot provide a profit but instead slowly drain the financial resources of the government or organization determined to operate them.SCE 3107 Ecosystem & Biodiversity Ex-situ Conservation species from its natural ecological contexts. These factors. preserving it under semiisolated conditions whereby natural evolution and adaptation processes are either temporarily halted or altered by introducing the specimen to an unnatural habitat.ipedia. 2. Total Pro SPM Form 4 & 5 Biology. Seed banks are ineffective for certain plant genera with recalcitrant seeds that do not remain fertile for long periods of time. First Edition. make ex-situ conservation impossible for a great number of the world's endangered flora and fauna. the species may lack the genetic adaptations and mutations which would allow it to thrive in its ever-changing natural habitat. References: 1. First Edition. In the case of cryogenic storage methods. Diseases and pests foreign to the species. to which the species has no natural defense. when re-released.net/information/Ex-situ+conservation Nur Suhaili Binti Saidin / PISMP Science January 2007 Intake . combined with the specific environmental needs of many species. S (2007). Wah M. http://www. may also cripple crops of protected plants in ex-situ plantations and in animals living in ex-situ breeding grounds. Selangor Darul Ehsan: Sasbadi Sdn Bhd. 3. 4. Y & Ponnampalam J (2006). C & Kim T. Furthermore.ipedia. Kooi F. the preserved specimen's adaptation processes are frozen altogether. The downside to this is that.
html Nur Suhaili Binti Saidin / PISMP Science January 2007 Intake .gob. 8.elbalero. 7.wikipedia.gob.mx/kids/bio/html/conseva/anp. 6.html http://www.elbalero.mx/kids/bio/html/conseva/exsitu.org/wiki/In-situ_conservation http://en.SCE 3107 Ecosystem & Biodiversity 5.org/wiki/Ex-situ_conservation http://www. Ex-situ Conservation http://en.wikipedia.