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What is the difference? D ff Difference is in the m n ng n n meaning .
The Difference Connected with the verb Does the subject act or D th bj t t is the subject acted upon? .
.Passive Voice The subject of the sentence h b f h receives the action The essay is being written by the student student.
Active Voice The subject of the sentence h b f h performs the action The student wrote the essay. .
am. had been b i h db Verb followed with “by…” . were. being. was. is.Passive Voice Verbs such as be. are.
Passive Voice Indirect They are often taken to interesting places by their friends friends. .
Active Voice Direct Their friends often take them to nt r st ng places. . interesting p ac s.
Passive Voice More wordy sentences. less concise Topics for the next essay are being considered by the students students. .
Active Voice Less wordy sentences. more concise The students considered topics for the y next essay. .
Changing f Ch i from Passive to Active P i t A ti Find the subject j Change the verb accordingly .
Change these The essay was written by Shelia. . y y The big. green apples were left on the big table by the professor.
y The professor left the big. green apples on the table. ppl s th t bl .Active Voice Shelia wrote the essay.
.Change these The apple was eaten by Charlene Charlene. Clams are considered a delicacy by Cl id d d li b many people.
Active Voice Charlene ate the apple apple. M l id l d li . Many people consider clams a delicacy.
Most of the class read The Bluest Eye. .Can C you tell the difference? t ll th diff ? Mistakes were made.
asphalt was poured into the potholes by the crew. Hot black workers Hot. black. Passive sentences in paragraph. Safe driving on the part of the publ c dr v ng public is appreciated by the road crew to insure their safety. .Can C you tell the difference? t ll th diff ? The potholes are being repaired by the workers. the crew appreciates safe driving by the public. Active=The workers repaired the potholes. black asphalt into the potholes. To insure their safety. The crew poured hot.
Can C you tell the difference? t ll th diff ? The professor graded the essays. One student d ti i O t d t almost failed because he had too many passive sentences The sentences. Active sentences in paragraph . Many students scored well because they th used active voice. professor recommended the student to the Center for Teaching and Learning.
html http://www.grammarbook.edu/ows/activepass.edu/handouts/grammar/g_actp ass.htm http://www.purdue.towson.Additional R Additi l Resources http://owl.com/english_rules.english.asp .