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Ryohei Kimura IB Math SL 1 Internal Assessment Type 1

the relationship between the row number. the Pascal’s triangle can be applied in this fraction. n. the numerator.It is clear that the numerator of the pattern in Figure 1 is equal to the 3rd element of Pascal’ triangle which is when r = 2. How to find numerator In this project. the numerator in Figure 1 can be shown as.Lacsap’ fraction Lacsap is backward word of Pascal.1] where n represents row numbers. Thus. 1 1 1 1 1 10 7 6 4 3 2 10 6 1 1 6 4 15 9 1 10 7 1 15 11 1 15 15 9 11 Figure 1: The given symmetrical pattern (Biwako) Figure 2: The Pascal’s triangle shows the pattern of . and the denominator of the pattern shown below. . (n+1)C2 = [Eq. Thus.

(6+1)C2 (7)C2 = = [Eq. Therefore. 2] x = 21 and the numerator of 7th row also can be found by.Sample Calculation . 3] x = 28 . (7+1)C2 (8)C2 = = [Eq. the numerator of 6th row can be found by.When n=1 (1+1)C2 (2)C2 = =1 -When n=2 (2+1)C2 (3)C2 = =3 -When n=5 (5+1)C2 = (6)C2 =15 Caption: The row numbers above are randomly selected within a range of 0≤x≤5.

it is clear that the difference between row number and difference of numerator and denominator is 1. Thus. 4] . The first element and the last element are cut off since it is known that all of them are to be 1. only first row is not cut off. Table 1: The table showing the relationship between row number and difference of numerator and denominator for each 2nd element Row Number (n) 1 2 3 4 5 Difference of Numerator and Denominator 0 1 2 3 4 The difference of numerator and denominator increases by one. the difference can be stated as (n-1). = + ( − 1) [Eq. Moreover.How to find denominator 1 )+0 3 )+ 2 6 )+ 4 10 )+ 7 15 )+ 11 10 )+ 6 15 )+ 9 6 )+ 4 10 )+ 7 15 )+ 9 15 )+ 11 1 )+0 Figure 3: The pattern showing the difference of denominator and numerator for each fraction. the denominator of the 1st element can be shown as. Therefore. However.

From these data. Sample Calculation -When n = 4. = (( ) )− ( − ) [Eq. the difference can be stated as 2(n-2). the relationship between denominator and numerator can be shown as. The difference of numerator and denominator increases by two. it can be detected that there is a pattern that the number used in those equation is same as the element number.6] where n represents the row number and r represents the element number.Table 2: The table showing the relationship between row number and difference of numerator and denominator for each 1st element Row Number 1 2 3 4 5 Difference of Numerator and Denominator N/A 0 2 4 6 The difference of numerator and denominator in 1st row is not applicable since there is no 2nd element in the 1st row.5] where n is row number. the denominator can be stated as. and r = 3 = (( = (( ) ) ) − 3(4 − 3) )−3 = 10 − 3 =7 . Thus. Therefore. Thus. = + 2( − 2) [Eq.

the denominator in 6th row can be solved as. the pattern in 6th row is 1 21 16 21 13 21 12 21 13 21 16 1 . 1st element = (( ) ) − 1(6 − 1) = 21 − 5 = 16 2nd element = (( ) ) − 2(6 − 2) = 21 − 8 =13 3rd element = (( ) ) − 3(6 − 3) = 21 − 9 =12 4th element = (( ) ) − 4(6 − 4) = 21 − 8 =13 5th element = (( ) ) − 5(6 − 5) = 21 − 5 = 16 Therefore.Thus.

the denominator in 7th row can be solved as. the pattern in 7th row is. 1 28 22 28 18 28 16 28 16 28 18 28 22 1 . 1st element = (( ) ) − 1(7 − 1) = 28 − 6 = 22 2nd element = (( ) ) − 2(7 − 2) = 28 − 10 =18 3rd element = (( ) ) − 3(7 − 3) = 28 − 12 =16 4th element = (( ) ) − 4(7 − 4) = 28 − 12 =16 5th element = (( ) ) − 5(7 − 5) = 28 − 10 = 18 6th element = (( ) ) − 6(7 − 6) = 28 − 6 = 22 Hence.Also.

” Second. there are several limitations for this equation. the second element of each row is counted as “the first element.7] where r is element number. . number 1 located in both side of the given pattern should be cut out when the numerator is calculated. the general statement of the rth element in nth row can be shows as. However. ( )= (( (( ) ) ) ( ) ) [Eq. the very first row of the given pattern is counted as the 1st row. Thus. n in general statement of numerator must be greater than 0. Third.Conclusion Therefore. First.

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