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Infini Band

Infini Band

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Published by tarunr1
the ppt of infinband the upcoming hardware technology
the ppt of infinband the upcoming hardware technology

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Published by: tarunr1 on Dec 08, 2008
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09/20/2010

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CONTENTS • INTRODUCTION • TECHNICAL OVERVIEW – LAYERS – ELEMENTS • IO ARCHITECTURES • ADVANTAGES • APPLICATIONS • CONCLUSIONS

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INTRODUCTION
• InfiniBand is a powerful new architecture designed to support I/O connectivity for the Internet infrastructure.

• InfiniBand is supported by all the major OEM server vendors as a means to expand beyond and create the next generation I/O interconnect standard in servers. • unification of I/O and system area networking requires a new architecture. • this major I/O transition support the Internet’s requirement for RAS: reliability, availability, and serviceability.

TECHNICAL OVERVIEW
InfiniBand is a switch-based point-to-point interconnects architecture developed for today’s systems with the ability to scale for next generation system requirements.

Two important sub sections are:  Layers  Elements

LAYERS
The layers of the infiniband include:  PHYSICAL LAYER
 cables and receptacles for fiber and copper media.  backplane connectors.  provides a full duplex connection at 2.5 Gb/s.

LINK LAYER
The link layer is the heart of the InfiniBand Architecture.The link layer encompasses:

 Packets

 Data packets  Management packets

 Switching

 Devices have a 16 bit Local ID (LID)  forwards packets to the destination using LID

 Credit Based Flow Control

 manage data flow between two point-to-point links  receiving end of a link supplies credits  specify the amount of data received without loss of data.

NETWORK LAYER
• Handles routing of packets from one subnet to another • Contain a Global Route Header (GRH).  128 bit IPv6 address for the source and destination • Do not require the network layer information and header overhead within the network layer

TRANSPORT LAYER

• responsible for in-order packet delivery, • partitioning • channel multiplexing • transport services

INFINI BAND ELEMENTS
The InfiniBand includes: • channel adapter  connects InfiniBand to other devices  Host Channel Adapter (HCA)  Target Channel Adapter (TCA) • Switch  contains more than one InfiniBand port  forwards packets from one port to another based on the LID

INFINI BAND ELEMENTS
• Router  forward packets from one subnet to another

• subnet manager  configures the local subnet  Ensures continued operation

I/O ARCHITECTURES
Shared Bus Architecture
– all communication shares the same bandwidth – also have severe electrical, mechanical, and power issues. – Several devices can be connected to a single bus

SWITCHED FABRIC
– point-to-point switch-based interconnect – designed for fault tolerance d scalability – link has exactly one device connected – provides scalability – Multiple paths provide fail-safe, redundant connections

ADVANTAGES

Layered Protocol - Physical, Link, Network, Transport, Upper Layers

• Packet Based Communication • High quality of Service • Three Link Speeds  1X - 2.5 Gb/s, 4 wire  4X - 10 Gb/s, 16 wires  12X - 30 Gb/s, 48 wires

ADVANTAGES
• PCB, Copper and Fiber Cable Interconnect • Multicast and Unicast Support • Reliable Transport Methods - Message Queuing • Communication Flow Control

APPLICATIONS
• Application Clustering Simplifies application cluster connections by unifying the network interconnect with a feature-rich managed architecture. • Storage Area Networks groups of complex storage systems connected by switches Does not need an expensive, complex HBA

APPLICATIONS
• Inter-Processor Communication (IPC) allows multiple servers to work together on a single application provides connection reliability allowing multiple paths between systems

CONCLUSION
• The collective effort of industry leaders has successfully transitioned InfiniBand from technology demonstrations to the first real product deployments. include: support for RAS (Reliability, Availability, and Serviceability) . much greater processor performance via Virtual Interface clustering, greater processor and memory density .

• The rapid adoption of Infiniband continues and its being welcomed as more businesses • consumers utilize the Internet more often and at higher bandwidths.

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"No matter what you want to do, don't be nervous (you should not let your muscles nor your mind be effected by nerves). Just keep calm.”—BRUCE LEE

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