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They contain general information about the network and the broadcasting cell. 1) Frequency Correction Channel (FCCH) The FCCH enables a MS to find the carrier that contains the broadcast transmission. A specific burst has been developed for the FCCH, called FCCH burst. The MS scans for this burst after it has been switched on since it has no information which frequency to use. Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH) The BCCH contains detailed network and cell specific information such as: a) Frequencies used in the particular cell and neighbouring cells. b) Frequency hopping sequence to be used by the MS. c) Channel combination. This informs the MS about the mapping method used in the particular cell. The possible methods are discussed in the following. d) Paging groups. Normally in one cell, there is more than one paging channel. To prevent a MS from listening to all these for a paging message, the paging channels are divided in such a way that only a group of MSs listen to a particular paging channel. These are referred to as paging groups. Paging is discussed further in the following. e) Information on surrounding cells. A MS has to know what are the cells surrounding the present cell and what frequencies are being broadcast on them. This is necessary if e.g. the user initiates a conversation in the current cell, and then decides to move on. The MS has to measure the signal strength and quality of the surrounding cells and to report this information to the BSC. 4) Cell Broadcast Channel (CBCH) This channel is used to broadcast user information, e.g. about traffic, weather etc., by short messages. It is not used for signalling. WHAT IS PHYSICAL VARIFICATION? ACTUALLY THIS IS PRILIMINARY TEST OF DRIVE TESTER IN WHICH THEY TOLD US TO CHECK OR ADJUST, GSM HEIGHT, DIRECTION, CABLE CONNECTOR, ELECTRICAL TILT OR MECHANICAL TILT. ANTENNA ADJUSTMENTS: ANTENNA ADJUSTMENTS SUCH AS ANTENNA TILT AND HEIGHT AFFECTS THE SIGNAL STRENGTH AND THEREBY THE CELLS BOARDERS AND INTERFERENCE LEVELS . BY DOENTILTING THE ANTENNAS ,A CALMER BEHAVIOR IS GENERALLY ACHIEVED IN THE NETWORK .THE SIGANL STRENGTH BECOMES MORE CONCENTRATED TO THE AREA CLOSE TO THE SITE .DOWNTILTING AN ANTENNA CAN
ITS DEPEND ON CLUTTER. MECHANICAL TILT ELECTRICAL TILT MECHANICAL TILT: LIKE ITS NAME THIS TILT IS GIVEN BY PHYSICALLY TILTING U R ANTENNA.BUT IN THAT PARTICULAR VIL. OUTDOOR COV.IT COVERS ENTIRE AREA IN ELEPTICALLY.REDUCE THE IN INTERFERENCE IN CO.THE SPECIALITY OF THIS TILT IS . ITS RANGE IS 1 TO 10. THE MAJOR DRAWBACK OF HAVING TOO MUCH DOWNTILT IS THE RISK OF A LOSS IN OVERALL COVERAGE. OK! IN GSM THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF TILT.IT WORKS ON HORIZANTAL AND VERTICAL BEAMWIDTH .CHANNEL OR ADJUSTENT CHANNEL CELLS AS WELL AS IN THECELL ITSELF. # ELECTRICAL TILT? I SAID MECH. THEN FOR ANOTHER PART OF THAT VIL.IT CONCENTRATE ON PARTICALUR AREA LIKE WHEN WE ARE FOCUSING THE TORCH ON PARTICAULAR OBJECT ON PARTICAULAR PART THEN WE GET THE DARK PORTION OF THAT AREA. MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL TILT? AS NAME INDICATES “TILT” . WE WANT TO GIVE INDOOR COVERAGE TO MARKET PLACE FIRST . OK! ITS RANGE IS 0 TO 12 DEGREE. # WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ANTINA? . IT JUST LIKE THE SAME THING WHICH WE GIVE TO OUR TABLE FAN FOR GETTING AIR. TILT? ELECTRICAL TILT IS FOR SIDE LOBES . TILT CONCENTRATE ON PARTICULAR AREA OK! THEN WHAT DO ELEC. ANOTHER EASY EX. THEN WE WILL FOCUS OUR GSM TOWARDS MARKET PLASE BY GIVING THE TILT AT PARTICULAR DEGRRE. IF ANY VILLAGE WE SET UP A SITE .THE SAME WE DO FOR GETTING COVERAGE . NORMALLY THIS IS 1 TO 2.
UPLINK 890 TO 915 DOWNLINMK 935 TO 960 ) UPLINK 899 TO 903 AND FOR DOWN LINK IT IS 935 TO 940. # WHAT IS LOGFILE? THIS IS THE FORM IN WHICH WE GIVE THE REPORT TO OUR COORDINATOR. OK! EVERY ONE SAY FREQ.BOTH ARE SAME. CHANNEL NO. # WHAT IS THE BANDWIDTH FOR HIGHWAY AND CITY ANTINA? FOR HIGH WAY IT IS 33 TO 35 DEGREE AND FOR CITY IT IS 65 OR 90 DEGREE # FROM WHERE WE ADJUST IT? WE CANT ADJUST IT . IT IS INTERNAL THING. THESE RANGES ARE FOR EXAMPLE HERE.THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF ANTINA. THE MAIN SECREAT IS THESE .844 AND OTHER IN ROUND BRACKET IS BSIC. IS 842.844 OR BCCH IS 842. WHAT IS BCCH & ARFCN? BCCH BROADCAST CONTROL CHANEEL AND ABSOLUTE RADIO FREQ.847.OK! 842 MEANS EX.GIVEN IN YOUR BAND .FOR 900 BAND (GSM FREQ.847.BY ANALISING THIS WE CAN SOLVE THE N/W PROBLEM. # WHAT IS BEAMWIDTH? IT IS ZONE MADE UP FROM RADITION OF ANTEINA FROM HORIZANTAL AND VERTICAL RADITION. . 842 DOES NO T NEANS 842 IT WILL BE RANGE OF FREQ .LEVEL AND RX. WE GET WHILE DRIVE TEST. HIGH WAY ANTINA.QUAL. CITY ANTINA. THIS IS THE COLLECTION OF RX.
IF BSIC IS 65 THEN 6 IS NCC AND 5 IS BCC IF BSIC IS 55 AND FREQ. EX. WHAT IS BASIC? FOR MORE DETAIL SEE ABOVE FIG. EVERY ONE SAY FREQ.UPLINK 1710 TO 1785 DOWNLINMK 1805 TO 1880 ) UPLINK 1715 TO 1720 DOWN LINK 1808 TO 1880 THESE RANGES ARE FOR EXAMPLE HERE.847. 1800 BAND (GSM FREQ. BCC: BCC DEFINES THE CLUSTER NO. WHAT IS CLUSTER? GROUP OF FREQ. BASE STATION IDENTITY CODE IS THE CODE WHERE IN THE FIRST DIGIT INDICATES NCC AND SECOND DIGIT INDICATES BCC. IS 842. NCC: NETWORK COLOUR CODE BCC: BASE STATION COLOUR CODE THE NCC AND BCC HAVE VALUE RANGING FROM O0 TO 77(OCTAL SYSTEM).THESE RANGES ARE FOR EXAMPLE HERE. AND FOR EX.IS 55 THEN HO WOULD NOT TAKE PLACE.WHICH MEANS A GROUP OF 8 CLUSTERS CARRY UNIQE IDENTITY WHICH ARE USED FOR ANOTHER GROUP OF 8 AND SO ON.844 OR BCCH IS 842. . NCC: THE NCC IS FIXED FOR AN OPERATOR. HAVE BEEN USED ONCE AND ONLY ONCE. CLUSTER IS A GROUP OF CELLS IN WHICH ALL AVAILABLE FREQ. IN FIG .844 AND OTHER IN ROUND BRACKET IS BSIC.847. CAN BE PLACED TOGETHER INTO PATTERNS OF CELLS CALLED CLUSTER. SIGNIFYING AT ANY GIVEN POINT THERE CAN BE MAXIMUM OF 8 OPERATORS IN AN AREA.
THESE CELLS ARE CALLED COCHANNEL CELLS .AND THE INTERFERENCE BETWEEN SIGNALS FROM THESE CELLS ARE CALLED CO CHANNEL INTEREFERCE.THE PRINCIPAL FOR ALLOCATION OF THE BSIC IS THE SAME AS THE RF CARRIER BUT AT CLUSTER LEVEL RATHER THAN CELL LEVEL. FREQ. REUSE? FREQUENCY REUSE IMPLIES THAT IN A GIVEN COVERAGE AREA THERE ARE SEVERAL CELLS THAT USES THE SAME SET OF FREQ. .