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Deterimination of the Ka Value of a Weak Acid

# Deterimination of the Ka Value of a Weak Acid

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03/07/2015

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# PART A

Titration 1

Equivalence point:
11.36 – 9.20 = 11 – V
9.20 – 6.52 V – 10
2.16 = 11 – V
2.68 V – 10
2.16V – 21.60 = 29.48 – 2.68V
4.84V = 51.08
V = 10.55 mL
Half – equivalence point = 10.55 mL /2
= 5.28 mL
6.00 – 5.28 = 5.20 – pH
5.28 – 4.00 pH – 4.88
0.72 = 5.20 – pH
1.28 pH – 4.88
0.72pH – 3.51 = 6.66 – 1.28pH
2pH = 10.17
pH = 5.09
Molarity of the unknown acid:
Moles of NaOH = 0.1mol NaOH x 10.55 mL x 1L = 1.055 x 10
-3
moles
1000 mL
Moles of unknown solution, HA = 1.055 x 10
-3
moles NaOH x 1moles of HA
1moles of NaOH
= 1.055 x 10
-3
moles HA
10 ml of HA x 1L =0.01L of solution
1000 mL
Molarity HA = 1.055 x 10
-3
mol
0.01L of solution
= 0.10 M of HA

0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
p
H

Volume of NaOH (mL)
pH = 9.20
Equivalence point
= 10.55 mL
Half-equivalence
point = 5.28 mL
pH = 5.09
Titration 2

Equivalence point:
11.44 – 9.20 = 11 – V
9.20 – 6.45 V – 10
2.24 = 11 – V
2.75 V – 10
2.24V – 22.40 = 30.25 – 2.75V
4.99V = 52.65
V = 10.55 mL
Molarity of the unknown acid:
Moles of NaOH = 0.1mol NaOH x 10.55 mL x 1L = 1.055 x 10
-3
moles
1000 mL
Moles of unknown solution, HA = 1.055 x 10
-3
moles NaOH x 1moles of HA
1moles of NaOH
= 1.055 x 10
-3
moles HA
10 ml of HA x 1L =0.01L of solution
1000 mL
Molarity HA = 1.055 x 10
-3
mol
0.01L of solution
= 0.10 M of HA

0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
p
H

Volume of NaOH (mL)
pH = 9.20
Equivalence point =
10.55 mL

Half-equivalence
point = 5.28 mL
pH = 5.09
Titration 3

Equivalence point:
10.46 – 8.40 = 11 – V
8.40 – 6.90 V – 10

2.06 = 11 – V
1.50 V – 10
2.06V – 20.60 = 16.50 – 1.50V
3.56V = 37.10
V = 10.42 mL
Half – equivalence point = 10.42 mL /2
= 5.21 mL
6.00 – 5.21 = 4.82 – pH
5.21 – 4.00 pH – 4.50
0.79 = 4.82 – pH
1.21 pH – 4.50
0.79pH – 3.56 = 5.85 – 1.21pH
2pH = 9.41
pH = 5.00
Molarity of the unknown acid:
Moles of NaOH = 0.1mol NaOH x 10.42 mL x 1L = 1.042 x 10
-3
moles
1000 mL
Moles of unknown solution, HA = 1.042 x 10
-3
moles NaOH x 1moles of HA
1moles of NaOH
= 1.042 x 10
-3
moles HA
10 ml of HA x 1L =0.01L of solution
1000 mL
Molarity HA = 1.042 x 10
-3
mol
0.01L of solution
= 0.10 M of HA
Molarity average:
(0.10 x 3) / 3 = 0.10 M
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
p
H

Volume of NaOH (mL)
pH = 8.40
Equivalence point =
10.42 mL

pH = 4.71

Half-equivalence
point = 5.21 mL

Ionization constant expression, K
a

Average pH value at half – equivalence point = (5.09 + 5.09 + 5.00) / 3
= 5.06
pK
a
= pH = 5.06 at half – equivalence point.
K
a
= 10
–pKa
= 10
–5.06
= 8.71 x 10
–6

Based on Table 4.1; when K
a
= 5.30 x 10
–6
, the corresponding acid is potassium hydrogen
phthalate. Thus the unknown acid is potassium hydrogen phthalate because the K
a
= 8.71 x
10
–6
~ K
a
= 8.71 x 10
–6
.
Accuracy percentage,
[

]
[

]
= 64.34%
The accuracy is 64.34%
PART B
1
st
trial, pH= 3.66
[

]

͘

HA + H₂O ↔ H³O⁺ + Aˉ
Initial 0.10 M 0 0
Change – 2.19 x 10ˉ⁴ M +2.19 x 10ˉ⁴M + 2.19 x 10ˉ⁴ M
Equilibrium (0.10 – 2.19 x 10ˉ⁴) M 2.19 x 10ˉ⁴M 2.19 x 10ˉ⁴M
K
a
=
[⁺][]
[]

K
a
=
[ ⁴][ ⁴]
[ ⁴]
= 4.81 x 10ˉ⁷
2
nd
trial, pH= 3.67
[

]

HA + H₂O ↔ H³O⁺ + Aˉ
Initial 0.1051M 0 0
Change – 2.14 x 10ˉ⁴ M +12.14 x 10ˉ⁴ M + 2.14 x 10ˉ⁴ M
Equilibrium (0.10 – 2.188x 10ˉ⁴) M 2.14 x 10ˉ⁴ M 2.14 x 10ˉ⁴ M

K
a
=
[⁺][]
[]

K
a
=
[ ⁴ ][ ⁴ ]
[ – ⁴]
= 4.60 x 10ˉ⁷

3
rd
trial, pH= 3.70
[

]

HA + H₂O ↔ H³O⁺ + Aˉ
Initial 0.1051M 0 0
Change – 1.99x 10ˉ⁴ M +1.99 x 10ˉ⁴M + 1.99 x 10ˉ⁴ M
Equilibrium (0.10 – 1.99 x 10ˉ⁴) M 1.99 x 10ˉ⁴M 1.99 x 10ˉ⁴M

K
a
=
[⁺][]
[]

K
a
=
[ ⁴][ ⁴]
[ ⁴]
= 3.97 x 10ˉ⁷

 The average K
a
value for weak acid,
⁷ ⁷ ⁷

= 4.46 x 10
–7

The closest value to the K
a
calculated is carbonic acid that the K
a
value is 4.2 x 10
–7

Accuracy percentage,
[

]
[

]
= 8.41%
The accuracy is 8.41%

44 – 9.01L of solution = 0.24 = 11 – V 2.45 V – 10 2.09 Half-equivalence point = 5.55 mL Volume of NaOH (mL) Equivalence point: 11.25 – 2.75V 4.28 mL Equivalence point = 10.20 pH 8 6 4 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 pH = 5.65 V = 10.55 mL Molarity of the unknown acid: Moles of NaOH = 0.055 x 10-3 moles NaOH x 1moles of HA 1moles of NaOH -3 = 1.1mol NaOH x 10.24V – 22.55 mL x 1L = 1.99V = 52.10 M of HA .055 x 10 moles HA 10 ml of HA x 1L =0.055 x 10-3 moles 1000 mL Moles of unknown solution.75 V – 10 2.01L of solution 1000 mL -3 Molarity HA = 1. HA = 1.20 – 6.20 = 11 – V 9.Titration 2 16 14 12 10 pH = 9.40 = 30.055 x 10 mol 0.

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