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MAMBO CHA·CHA·CHA MERENGUE BOLERO SAMBA CONGA BEGUINE PASO DOBLE TANGO MONTUNO CALYPSO JOROPO

Copyright © assigned MCMXCVI to Alfred Publishing Co., Inc. ISBN 0-7390-3488-X All rights reserved. Primed in USA.

do not hesitate to try some of your owo. There are various types of Calypsos which call for various rhythms. . The choice of rhythms to be used will be made by the drummer. breaks.. variations. fill-ins etc. paila rhythms and rhythms played on the heads of the timbales may be used..e. When these are mastered. However. bass drum. as far as rhythms are concerned. The Calypso. Cowbell rhythms. hOI:they may also be played on the drums. Most of the rhythms are written for the timbales.The following pages contain basic rhythms. has not been given special treatment.. which is similar to the Rhumba. small tom-tom. i. cowbell etc. by making the following substitutions: X and 00 (explained on page 3) are played on the snare drum (snares off) . cymbal. All notes written for the large timbale will be played on the small tom-tom. For breaks and fill-ins. snare drum. always keep them simple and tasty never overplay. that are authentic and typical. all notes written for the small timbale will be played on the snare drum (snares off). and will be determined by the type of Calypso being played.

MUFFLED. extended forward over the rim. LET RING. -t- cowbell rhythms are based on the clave beat written as t..-J -1-1 ~iI--. . Strike the center of the head with the palm of the hand and the stick. Strike the cowbell in the center.. When using the hand to produce the sounds for X and 00. the palm turned downward. the best sounds. the cowbell beat must also be reversed.=----41~s--.. 00 .4 J. . the stick 1s placed on the small Timbale where 1t w11l be handy to pick up tor short fi1l-inl s and breaks.Strike the center of the head with the tips of the fingers. The two-bar follows. Strike the cowbell flat on top near the opening.. X .Strike the center of the head twice with the tip of the stick. The stick.. Use the side of the small Timbale for soft choruses.Mouth of cowbell.Rim shot. The stick is held between the forefinger and thtunb. Let X and 00 maJ also be played with the hand ••• NO STICK. use sticks made of 3/8 dowel. X . 3 Mambo.. Montuno.--.COWBELL BEATS Par. the head ring. 00 .. J--4JIJ.I~ There are same tunes that call tor the clave beat being reversed.tallowsj When this occurs. as . strikes the rim at the same time. . Use tip of stick. Do not let the head ring. M Guaracha. This should produce a muffled sound..Move the hand back about half way between the center and the rim and strike the head twice with the tip of the forefinger. ! Cowbell beats are also played on the side of the small Timbale or the cup of the large cymbal. Calypso and Fast Rhumba.Center or cowbell. BASIC RHYTHM CC M C Cowbell CCM Right hand !Aft hand ~ ~:~~~--8-It-+----"'!II!~---4~~ Large Timbale II .-4-~ . C ... ~ In order to produce inches long..

... BASIC RHYTHM 1. R1ghthand Lett hand _1E--. Large Timbale VARIATIONS CM MC0 M COM: OM cc" cc 14 CCM CM CM MCC MCC M CM C MC C K 0CM CC . --__....jw--4i. All cowbell beats w111 be based on the reversed clave beat.~..---J'---_g.COWBELL BEATS CONTINUED The tollowing cowbell beats are used for moderatel¥ slow tempos.

......COWBELL BEATS CONTINUED The following cowbell beats are used for medium to moderately bright tempos...-tH--- ..y. ---e~ Large Timbale Bass drum VARIATIONS • • . Right hand Cowbell Left hand 11 .!"""-'"~~--. BASIC RH!'l'HM 1..

....__-A-..... Large Timbale drum ...Bass VARIAi'IOllS M C M C M CM C C II C Me • cell CC )( C .-_....6 conET·L DEUS CONTINUED The following cowbell beats are used for bright to very fast tempos.. ... BASIC RHITHIl II Right hand C Il C C II CM C Cowbell Left hand If ~- -----4!j...._--IJf....w""'--h---4~~.--+..

ot these two bar rhythms with any two bar cowbell rhythm. lit:! ~~I: !~ 61:~ : ~ ~I~ .1 4.: ~~ . 1.:1~ ~ ~:.:1: .J~ .1: ~f: ?~J:J~ :~ 4~ ?~. X and 00 are played as explained Combine 8.7 VARIATIONS FOR THE LEFT HAND The following rhythms are played hand ---NO STICK.:I~ ~ 1 9". ~J'~J':~ B~ 4~ ?~~I~ ~~ ~~ 71:~ ~~ ~I~ .J:J~ 3.:1: !~ 8f~1!1: . .J.0. r~r~~1 ~ ~ ~r: ~ .IQ' on the large on page Timbale with the left 3.1101:.~~~ . .

8 SHORT FILL-INS AND BREAKS For. The basic cowbell rhythm will be used to illustrate all ABBREVIATIONS C. B. practice them with various cowbell rhythms. When these are mastered.Large Timbal. SHORT FILL-INS m m e m (fill-in) 1 /\ m c m m c c m m .. .Bass Drum.00 are played the same as explained on page 3. .C and X . fill-ins.T. .Small Timbal.S.Cowbell. Montuno.B. Guaracha. .T. S.Rim Shot 14. Cha-Cha-Cha and fast Rhumba. L.D. . R. Mambo.

D.SHORT FILL-INS CONTINUED 9 6.~--------------------+---~~~~~-4~ __~ B.----~--~------r_--~---__~ ~ C.B. S. . 12. L. 11.T.----. 13.~----~~-----__&-~+---~--------~~~~ c c m 10.T.~---.--.r-~--~~~~--~~~T-'--T~~~--~~~--.

__ .T.10 C._ __ ~ __ ~~~_._. S.B. BREAKS 1.D. > » L.T.~ ~ ._ ~~ __ _. B.

BREAKS CONTINUED 11 I 15. .

. t fJ \ me » :e-. cm » 0 m > 0 » m 0 m c em ...__.... m » 0 7.Bass VARIATIONS drum > 2.ba. .. m Right hand Lett hand > » 0 mom cm 0 .-----ooA-.00 are pla..cu... • "> m > m Cowbell Le.12 CHA-CHA-CHA TDlPO:)Ioderatel..IGIB: . ..& Large timbal ~ __ ----~-~~--_... Bass drum . Use the aide ot the small t1mbal tor sort on page M ...r-~g~ '~ om em 0 » me > »> m \ \ OPTIONAL BASIC RHYTHM > JI.. co m ~ 0 > m 0 >0 m 4-..... slow 4-._ ...C and X . > » » m co m ._.ft hand ...... :-.) inoh cowbell... Cowbell IL-II M... The tollow1ng rb7tbms are usually played on a tour (4...NO STICK • '> \ • • . are alao played on the oup ot the large cymbal or the side ot the small t1lnbal...c 6.ft.... the same as explained BASIC RHYTHM 3..-----ilr. e . . The. > Co m 0 m e • • S• • • l l. (C) OP. .--_.._.....ed choruses..

ecce • • ... ] M C > > c • !• CC ~ I.Bass drum ~-----------------------r~~--~~~~--~'_ rhyth __ basic --~(continue > M j " c . Right hand ~~~~--~~~'_--~"~~~~----"~~'_--~Cowbel1 Left hand ~----------------------~~~~----_'~~~----~Sma11 Timbal r..I J . r- 3 .J .- . » J J J J J J . ~ .. r 1'\ _. I.J 1 .J }j C _I nC ... > Me » Melli . 1-11.....:. I"\. o '! CCCCCC ... r- 3 .eft hand Large Timba1 ~~----~----~----~--~~----~----'----__ ----M.ece =. -c r ...- r _~:J r .. f' CMC > cc ~ . r r r r- r-' Fill-ins may also be used as short solos.CHA-CHA-CHA FI~INtS > 13 1... . _. - r " - r " - r r - > M C M > C 6.

._g .... ~-. l: ~_____. VARIATIONS 2.__! _.... RS RS •• RS RS RS RS • . st1...these . ~... ~ ~ ~~:I ::e~bale The sticks are held the same as tympani sticks -.... ~--~~~~~~--------~~~~· . l11't the stick with the thwnb and fo.>~> > Small Timbale »"'>'" 6. All notes 1'or theT1mbale that are not accented are light rill shots..~ .4 inohes Long.1~~...Native 2. Then.soundsshould be muffled.._. Merengue rhythms are played on the large Timbale --with maY' also be played on the snare drum -SNARES OW.. Do not l1.~~ . BASIO RHYTHM > 1.1:~ > 4.. J.f~I~ ft ~t$3 {Rr~~ ffi~ ft~{{I~B~t I Ji f?~n I~i ~i 3 ~s > . The rim shot.. .ttthe left hand froll the head while playing left or right rim shots --. To produoe the best sounds. The. n~ ~i!9 3.. :u them ring.oks. The rim shots tor the left hand are played by placing the hand and stick in the oenter of the head--the stick ex"tended forward over the rim.-. Large Ba..I ~ . >> p.s i'or the right hand ere played near the edge of thE riln to produce a high pitched sound. usa 3/8 dowel.Bright ORIGIN:.._.ss Timbale drum ...IlERERGUE TEMPO :. (¢) danoe ot santo Domingo.._f.the palms turned downward. All accented notes are played .in the center at the head.re:flngerand strike the rim.

Do not Right band . used by beat.the bright t . > BASIC RB!THJ( DU1ll7 drwmner8. drum . > are baaed on the simpl1tied basic .SNARES OFF. All sounds Shouldbe martled.. The following variations . played on the.STICK. The .BRUSH. po Is the tavorite. ballad samba. The liZ· 1a played with the brush. !be)' prefer the slow.nue use timbales. ~e tollowing rhytbmis > \ a simplitied basic beat. Lett band . In thi8 oountry. danoe ot BrazIl.All notes are played with the stick. n"lQ'shold the brush tlat on the drttm while playing notes tor the right hand. tt) 15 OBIGIB:_ativ.amba 1.SAlIBA TmIPO:- (a)lIoderately (b) " slo•• (e) bright.

. PAlLA. Use the To produce the be. Son. . ~ '!he tollowing rhythms are used tor medium to fast tempos.tiok.. ~ inches long.1de ot the large timbale BASIC RHYTHII at the _all VARIATIONS 2.t RIGHTHAlU> . sound. Paila b. tip at the .8id...ba.. 3/8 doweling.at.. S·L ~ B ~ __ ~~~ --tt---t- __ -+. .rut RtnDII. us. are u••d .ro.16 PorI Bo1..ort choruses.tor Toea! and all . LEFT HARD t1mba1. BEATS (ald •• OUaracha aDd ot the t1mbu8s) .

.) > > 1.) rhythms are played on a snare drum. cymbals etc. . 2. VARIATIONS • • S.spain.D. . (3/4. ~R RL R L R L • • 3. bright. with the bass drum on ensemble The wood block 1s used on 80rt and legato choruses.PASO DOBLE 17 TEMPO :. BASIC RHYTHM (2/4. R • R L.R L • • 6.D.Moderately ORI GIN: .D. (3/4> • B.. • • • • 2. The following The high-hat is used simultaneously choruses. (snares on ) bass drum. •R RLR RLR R L· q. S. In 2 (2/4-) or 3. 1. DO NOT use Timbales or cowbells. B.D. wood block. high-hat.

stick across head and rim -. BASIC RHYTHM 1 ~~ & 2 & 3 & 4 ~-& C Large Timbale. DO NOT use cowbells.click sound.light rim shot -.near the edge. 2- &- &3&- 4- &- stick across head center of head -stick across head light rim shot -stick across head center of head drop left hand 2.stick across head and rim -. They may also be played on the snare drum (snares off) and the small tom-tom.click sound. near the edge. Bass drum. (lift left hand off head) stick across head and rim -. 1 .click sound.Moderately slow.near the edge.stick across head 4&- " " II center of head let ring.light rim shot -. and n" rim -. II " II . LET RING.click sound. (lift left hand off head) drop left hand -.let ring. 2 . The sticks are held in the same manner as explained for the JleI·engtle.click sound.16 BOLERO (slow rhumba) TEMPO :. (small Timbale) &- 1 . The following rhythms are played on the Timbales (heads) and the bass drum.center of head -. (e) ORIGIN:- Cuba.click sound. and rim -. and rim -. • • • • R Large Timbale. L L L Bass drum.click aound . muffled. cymbals etc. &&" " II "" " 3 . 2 & I C & R 3 R L & 4 R & Small Timbale. and rim -.

(& ah) .sa head and rim -.frent part of the stiok and strike the rim. nptes are played 1n the aame manner as explained for rhythm NOTE:.3.is played as follows:sound. shot -.st1. .stick across head and rim -.ead let ring.just lift the .When playing click sounds for the left hand.near the edge.. Bass drum. 4. Theaounds are produced the same as explained far rhythm No.near the edge.light rim shot -. 1 . . c BaSB drum.stick aero.ck aC.5. 2 .light rim sho. &. All other No. (11ft left hand off head) & .rfled except the sound on the fourth <4. . Just doub. &. .. By'keeping the left hand on the head. 3 .t-.le the light rIm shots on the second ha.c·enter of head -.rosB head and rim -. 1st note .& . The triplet . Bass drum.click 3rd note . c • Large Timbale.muffled.click sound.3.ale.light rim shot -. c Large Timbale. all sounds will be mu. 2nd note .neat" the edge.drop left hand stick across head and rim click sound.center of head --DDlffled.BOLERO CONTINUED 19 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & Large Timb. de not lift the hand ofr the head --.) count.oenter of p.near the edge.click sound.light rim.lf of the first beat.

Africa. • • .D.20 CONGA TEIPO:- Bright two. BASIC RHYTHM Gym. The e£fect w111 still > be good if just one cowbell 1s used. LL s s • L L L • s s L L s s • L L L • > > 4-. (¢) Brought to the Western Hem:!sphere by the slaves. VARIATIONS s 2.Large cowbell. or Tom. S:. B.. L:.Tom ORIGIN:. (SNARES OFF) > 1.Small cowbell.B. C.

• • . bass drum. 2. snare drum (snares off) and cymbal. S..CONGA CONTINUED The following rhythms are played on the small tom-tom. » > 5.D. 21 >-Cym.D. large tom-tom. L • • » > · • > . • • B. 1.

. on the snare drum (snares Ea) and BASIC RHYTHM tC press roll 1. OPTIONAL BASIC RHYTHM J? press roll S.. / B. (e) ORIGIN:.D. bass drum..-I~ ..D.22 TABGO TEYPO:. .. _.. Left hand • ... B. B.-tI~"''_R1gbt hand. • 1+. Right hand...mbals etc._. Le1't hand.. Cy.~.. 2.D.. p t VARIATIONS press roll > 3..D. DO NOT use Timbales.. The following rhythms are played Cowbell. B.Moderately slow to moderately bright..D.D. S.D. P ~ S.D.. S.Argentina.

but keep it soft. beaure to keep the bass drum. (seeex8IIlple below) It you should increase the volume ot the 1'011. a roll on the . pIa. Bort -. roll.i'ABOO COlfTlRUED pre.. 23 6.snare c:lruJIl and quarter notes on the bass drum -. 18 not pl8..tollowa:- pp ppp .unless the part 1s marked othen!se.J'ing. In spots where the rlQ'thm section EXAIIPLE:- pp !he Tango usual17 ends as .

but not as heavy as the first. ORIGIN:.cross right stick on left stick. (t> SNARES OFF.BEGUINE TEMPO:Moderately slow 2..D.>T. To produce the correct sound -. R on L > • • • R an L: STICK SHOT . The first note for the right hand must be played near the center at the drum with a heavy accent. S.T. The last three notes tor the right hand are accented . ~------~--~~--~~--_. .T.Isle of Martin1que. B. T.: small tom-tom.D. The tollowing rhythms are played on the snare drum BASIC RHYTBJ4 > S. 1.play all notes tor the left hand near the edge of the drum and keep them very soft. • • • S. ¢ VARIATIONS FIRST RIGHT: Accented press roll with right stick.

stick) B. do not lift the hand off the head --. " II II "" II 11 center of 4 ..T.T.rau.. Large timbale. tips of the five fingers ..click sound. Bass drum.. LAST TWO NOTESjstrike the head hal. &.click sound.s·tick across head and rim -. By keeping the lef't hand on the head. 1 .drop left & .ACCENTED. Left hand ¢ ":~'_"".-+-""".u L.near the edge. all sounds will be muffled except the sound on the fourth (4) count..just lift the f'ront part of the stick and strike the rim.do not accent.D. 1. RIGHT STICK: Play all notes on the side (shell) of the small timbale. strike the center of the head with the SECOND NOTE. . head..'__.. ... head -. & . (lift left hand off head) hand -.fway between the center and..center of head .:.BEGUINE CONTINUED The following rhythms are played on the timbales.HEAVY ACCENT -.light rim shot -.the rim with the tip of the index ringer let these two notes ring..... (no.click sound.. (small timbale) & 2&- stick across head and rim -. BASIC RHYTHM S. (use tip of stick) LEFT HAND : FIRST NOTE. 3 . Hold the sticks in the same manner as eRplained for the Merengue.stick across head and rim -.near the edge. BAS rc RHYTEM » Small timbale. When playing click sounds for the left hand.shell.. same as first note -.light rim shot -.f"fled.LET RING.

...T...D.... .. -... ---""""""'1_ .... Right stick ...head B. S... . ...... ..26 BEGUINE CONTINUED 2.T.shell L..

_ ...-. ORIGIN:....Moderately bright.... Notice that the last three eighth notes are played the same as the first three.. DO NOT use Timbales.Venezuela..! ..JOROPO TEMPO :. This gives the rhythm a two-beat teel.Waltz -. BASIC RHfTHM X:-- Right on le:ft stick shot.. Cowbells. OPTIOBAL BASIC RHX'TBY: I.. ......... accent the first beat of eaCh bar.. ..with a two-beat :fee-I... Maracas etc. _. - 3 . 27 (3/4) TYPE :.. > Wbenu8ing this bass ~ beat. The :following rhythms are played on the snare drum (snares on) and bass drum..

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