What is Home Automation?

Home Automation is automating the control of your home so it works for you, adding convenience and making your life easier, even while saving energy! It can be as basic as dimming lights with a remote control or as complex as setting up a network of items in your home (such as a thermostat, security system, lighting and appliances) that can be programmed using a main controller or even with your cell phone from anywhere in the world. Today's technology makes it simpler and more affordable for homeowners to purchase and install their own home control systems, and home automation has finally become a mainstream reality for the average consumer wanting to live in a "smart home". The numerous benefits of today's home automation solutions include: safety and security, energy savings, money savings, convenience and control. It can also improve the daily life of seniors and the disabled by offering voice control and safety items.

The goal of home automation
The goal of home automation has always been to make your home more comfortable and secure, as well as to reduce the time spent managing your home by letting your home do the work that you would normally do, in essence making your home work for you. In addition to comfort and security, automating the home is the best way to regulate energy usage and reduce costs for heating, cooling and lighting. Home automation is taking center stage in home technology circles for its ability to let home owners greatly reduce their energy consumption without changing their lifestyle, therefore helping them do their part to slow global warming, as well saving them money. Finally, home automation can be exciting! New innovations make home automation products fun and easy to use for every member of the family. For example, a scenario such as I'm Home could be triggered by pressing one button from your vehicle as you approach the driveway. The Home Controller receives the command triggering a scenario, preprogrammed and stored in the home controller. The internal clock in the controller knows that it is 8:00 pm and past sunset, in your geographical location, therefore starting the scenario by sequentially turning on the lighting in the garage entry, walkway, hallway, and kitchen. It then disables the security system, opens the garage door, unlocks the interior garage entry door, adjusts the thermostat to a preset home position, and turns on the wholehouse audio system. The home control processor is essentially the heart of the home systems network. Other time saving scenarios such as "Party Time", "Away", "Good Night" etc. involving several home systems can be activated by phone, voice, and remotes as desired. A home systems status check is also a convenient feature to add to the "Good Night" scenario. In addition to automatically turning off all lights and adjusting the thermostats, the system will also provide an audio report indicating the status of the security system by zone, the temperature in each zone, the position of the garage doors, and the "wakeup" times selected.

In 1966 Jim Sutherland, an engineer working for Westinghouse Electric, developed a home automation system called "ECHO IV"; this was a private project and never commercialized With the invention of the microcontroller, the cost of electronic control fell rapidly. Remote and intelligent control technologies were adopted by the building services industry and appliance manufacturers worldwide, as they offer the end user easily accessible and/or greater control of their products.

 Detection of possible intrusion o sensors of detection of movement o sensors of magnetic contact of door/window o sensors of glass breaking o sensors of pressure changes Simulation of presence. Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) solutions include temperature and humidity control. draperies and awnings. fittings or basic services is an aim of home automation. Precise and safe closing of blinds. Multiple audio or video sources can be selected and distributed to one or more rooms.     . allowing the user to observe activity around a house or business right from a Monitor or touch panel. Lighting Lighting control systems can be used to control household electric lights. Detection of fire. by allowing the homeowner to control the building's heating and air conditioning systems remotely. LCD shades. The consolidation of control or monitoring signals from appliances. can both save money and help the environment. the ability of these devices to interconnect and communicate with each other digitally becomes a useful and desirable feature.As the number of controllable appliances in the home rises. Security cameras can be controlled. for example. Audio and video This category includes audio and video switching and distribution. Security systems can include motion sensors that will detect any kind of unauthorized movement and notify the user through the security system or via cell phone. gas leaks. This category also includes control and distribution of security cameras. An Internet-controlled thermostat. Tasks HVAC Heating. Security Control and integration of security systems. • • • • Extinguish all the lights of the house Replace manual switching with Automation of on and off signals for any or all lights Regulation of electric illumination levels according to the level of ambient light available Change the ambient color of lighting via control of LEDs or electronic dimmers Natural lighting control involves controlling window shades. With Home Automation. the consumer can select and watch cameras live from an Internet source to their home or business. Teleassistance. water leaks Medical alert. This is generally one of the most important aspects to a homeowner.

In general the components are divided into: • • • • Sensors. Using special hardware. Other systems A homemade Internet-enabled cat feeder.Intercoms An intercom system allows communication via a microphone and loud speaker between multiple rooms. humidity sensors. Technology – structure and elements In order to understand the potential of the technology. . we will describe the different elements. or an RFID tag. Hot tub and Spa Sump Pump More sophisticated systems can maintain an inventory of products. and prepare a shopping list or even automatically order replacements. thermometers and smoke detectors. making choices based on pro grammed rules and occurrences Interface and monitoring SENSORS Sensors monitor and measure activities in the surroundings. monitoring and submitting messages in case of changes Actuators. bed mats. Examples are movement and heat sensors. Integration of the intercom to the telephone or of the video door entry system to the television set. performing a physical action Controllers. including:        Coffeemaker Garage door Pet feeding and watering Plant watering Pool pump(s) and heater. allowing the residents to view the door camera automatically. almost any device can be monitored and controlled automatically or remotely. recording their usage through bar codes.

They receive and process values from the sensor or other controllers.com/info/smarthome 3.Smart Home Technology Planning and management in municipal services: ISBN-82-8081-057-9 Authors: Toril Laberg. References 1. Control system security may be difficult and costly to maintain. Learning to use a complex system effectively may take significant time and training. or make an audible announcement. maintenance costs for the control and networking systems. and eventual cost of upgrading as standards change.com/info/home-automation/ 2. and then all lights in the house will blink to alert any occupants of the house to the possible fire.smarthomeusa.http://www. Controllers are microprocessors often builtin with sensors and actuators. Increased complexity may also increase maintenance costs for networked devices. If the house is equipped with a home theatre.smarthomeusa. and custom installation. automatic light switches and relays. curtain. including troubleshooting. components. furniture. The system could also call the home owner on their mobile phone to alert them. Examples are door.ACTUATORS Actuators perform physical actions. for instance by wireless or by connection to the internet or other networks. Interface and monitoring Home automation can also provide a remote interface to home appliances or the automation system itself. Costs An automated home can be a very simple grouping of controls. or call the fire department or alarm monitoring company. Haakon Aspelund and Hilde Thygesen Translation: Rudolph Brynn and Toril Laberg Electronic version: www. Ongoing costs include electricity to run the control systems. which will start the actuator. For instance the controller of a thermometer can be programmed to submit a message to switch off the electric heating when the temperature exceeds 22 degrees.and awning engines.http://www.and garage door openers. Several of the components of environmental control systems are actuators. An example of a remote monitoring in home automation could be when a smoke detector detects a fire or smoke condition. wireless transmission or the internet. or it can be heavily automated where any appliance that is plugged into electrical power is remotely controlled. or multiple intelligent devices can be distributed around the home.shdir. CONTROLLERS Controllers make choices based on programmed rules and occurrences. Costs mainly include equipment. a message can be submitted to the window opener to open the window.window. via telephone line. If on a hot day the temperature exceeds 23 degrees. to provide control and monitoring via a smart phone or web browser. especially if the control system extends beyond the home.no/deltasenteret . A centralized controller can be used. a home automation system can shut down all audio and video components to avoid distractions. This message is received by the heating controller.

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