CLASSIIC

REPRIINT

SIERIIES

THEISM AND ATHEISM IN SCIENCE

www.forgottenbooks.org

ISBN 9781440091940

This is a Forgotten Books Library high-quality e-book from www.forgottenbooks.org Thank you for supporting Forgotten Books by purchasing this e-book. This e-book may not be distributed. If you wish to share this e-book with friends or other people, please give them the free low-quality version from www.forgottenbooks.org This book is also available in print as high-quality paperback from www.amazon.com

VERTICAL LINES
The vertical black lines appearing on most pages are deliberate. This is required to stop people from selling printed copies of our e-books. Our own printed books do not have these watermarks.

TERMS & CONDITIONS
This e-book may not be distributed. This e-book may not be modified in any way. This e-book may be printed for personal use only. No pages may be extracted or removed from this e-book. This e-book may not be included in any commercial package. This e-book may not be sold.

Copyright © 2010 Forgotten Books AG

forgottenboo s.forgottenbooks.org You can read literally thousands f books for free at www.forqottenbook .org (please support us by visiting our web site © 2010 Forgotten Books I www.org .FREE BOO s www.

Ihil:' urn kl 'l1.Jtity .' Rl~I.org .8f! repair e or[air.(lJ'I:19'. tit '(y]]lllot nIJ.(l © 2010 Forgotten Books www." tM. this m a scan of the original.forgottenbooks.iatGlTB ~th8r 1'0. ~h.Forgotten Books takes the u the entire content of the ori book has been generatedjr and as such we cannot gua errors or contains theful But we try permost care to preserve inal book. prayeJ"_ dead bird. b~J 'h~ l~or. ur best! Truth may seem.I(!((((11 &ur-kd I OS8 nc. Tr-~~lll '1:U ((a(/ 1.~.~hl. antee that it isfreefrom content of the original. However.

org .© 2010 Forgotten Books I www.forgottenbooks.

forgottenbooks.© 2010 Forgotten Books www.org .

[heism and At elsm in Science. By the late Col.forgottenbooks. WHITTLESEY © 2010 Forgotten Books www. HAS.org .

org .forgottenbooks.© 2010 Forgotten Books www.

forgottenbooks.© 2010 Forgotten Books www.org .

forgottenbooks.org .© 2010 Forgotten Books I www.

If For let us but (V. which was then synonymous with development. a very erudite work.THElS~1. but a protracted disease. it is generally ree ived at this day..·It is propel' to euquire if there be necessarily. .•Footprints the Creator. '. let us wait he end with patience and be of good cheer. Harper's Editiont." (p. Tho 19h he adopted scientifically the 11Y otliesis of Oken. but. Like J unius. Lamark and De :alai let._ ~ oW"'" ." replied to the " Vestiges of Creation" with equal erudition and 1U0reeloquence. do not perhaps consider how powerful an argument ill favor of' the existence of Go(l is lost by rejecting this doctrine.. in which appears dates as late a.98.ES WUt'!TJ. His expressions are numerous find explicit. ally peculiarity calculated materially to effect our hitherto supposed relation to the Deity.97-1. by Harper's Brothel':'.) "Those who object to the hypothesis of a creation by the in tervention of law. He adopts the theory of La. accordins to the nebulous hypothesis. the latter hurl not then pu blished his work on the . 84) © 2010 Forgotten Books www. HAnr. by a law of mechan cs well 11 nderstood. Hugh Miller. or hough e\'er}" hope we had built OIl the secular materials within tHtl" reach wu felt to he melting from our grasp. even t.. * * . however..org I . This was republished in the United States. in his . in the greater system. This auth r whose diffuse style and broad learni g bear strong resemblance to Lyell's begins the process of evolution with he universe in its nebulous eonditi II." 'rhe au th or of the "\T estiges adopts the Continental theory of spontaneous or aboriginal gr!nembon.'1. in this doctrine of natural law. '"..~'ATHElS~I IN SOlENO ~ IS EVOLUTION About 1840 there was: published in England without date or preface." Numerous quotations might be added of a similar import from t.D'E\-.hough life should have een to \1>. Though there are astronom rs who have doubts of the eorreetnes of this hypothesis. and e cannot well doubt that we are in the hands of One who is both a le and willing to do ua the most entire iustiee. Oriziu of Sgecies." A second edition or sequel was afterwnnls issued by the author defending his theory.PI.. not fin ntheist but a theist. He is. also undated. " hi this faith we may rest tense.. agrees with this expounded view of thc'organic world. en titled " Vestiges of Creation..'MirJPs.in the form or incandescent vapor. By concentration. stars were hrown off. to which the resent is only subsidiary." (p. C or "Let us Rceho w the doctrine 0 creation by law..t.hi gifted writer. '" HERETICAL? fully and trilly consider what a system is here laid open to view. by an unknown author. or ecoluiion. always repudiating the idea of fatality and materialism-For example: ' .) . Thinking of all the contingencies i this world to be melted into or los. the mi:>a'pplication of their doct Illes to atheism in morals and religio he does not fail to denounce.forgottenbooks. the writer still remains stat nominis umbra. 8. His in visible antagonist refers to researches of Darwin repeatedly. 1. and everywhere attributes evolution to It divine law and law-giver. and from them planets m d their satellites.. h ving a -mofion of revolution from 'est to east.'! 1843. In its IJlace there is no a teruate theory 0 sufficient promin Ice to l!Y COT.OX:F. ce and Comte in regard to the cond tion of matter throughout stellar spae . who should never ha e hesitated to avow himself.

the distinctions are not so well defined. made use of arri Vel at "I a 11 aware that expressions Iroiu whit h atheists. there is hehind this. especially those young naturalists who are predisposed t () ma terialism. and on the ground that deve 10 nuen t IIIust be an uu iversal law. that it is Vel)' difficult to sho w divergences. In regal'il to species. Mr.q. classes. p. but of whieh © 2010 Forgotten Books www. the differences are better determined. untouched.. in a private letter to < friend on the Contment.. orders and sub-kingdoms. by the Creator. Darwin. divergences are traceable to the dawn of life. But if it is admitted that in the animal kingdom. which will he referred to hereafter. mus t be uceoun ted fOJ' 1)\. ill pressed npon it. the process ill th at special install ce ceases because its work is finished. l' rvading all conditions of matter. When each crystal is perfected. . and that vhile this planet has gone cycl iII onward according to the fixed law of gravity from so simple a beginnin . All minerals. tl{e qlH.discre it La Plate. The bi ·th of both specie.. and is rigidly controlled by material laws.have claimed that b~ was of their belief. The utterances of Mr. He wh denounces them is bound to show "lI. by a mysterious -process that never varies.org . or rather disbelief.hat time the distinction t between the origin of species by eli v ('1'gell('c from existing forms.. families. At he present time the proof" of di \'erg nee are :. ill the conclusions this work will he denOUlIC d by some us highly irreligious.and individuals ar equally part~ of a grand seq ueuce of even ts which 0 Ill' minds refuse t accept as the result of blind chanc .' endless forms. of which l. nnrl here their conclusions fuil at. From thi" archaic stu e of evolution the a Vestige:" .. not long before Ilis death. have been and m being evolved. varieties and races.in (!t Specie. '·-Ol'i. It is alsu true that the origi II of' specie" h~' {li\"('1'g(>IlCU from preexisting forms tloe~ not imply at the same time. . assum t' the . like that of animal li fe. The disciples of Darwin.IJl1t this. Divergences among them are therefore more difficult to establish. published fter his decease. 612. having been 0 'igillully breathed by the Creator int a few forms or into one. an analos y. crvs ta IIize 11 uder the proper conditions. hit ve pushed his doctrines beyond those of their leaders. all origin of life.ted i11 regard to the insect acarus supposed to be ~Il~~'ated by electricity by Doctor Bastian. However.origin of life H. to those of the newest rocks.he rhizopods are an example. . and the origin of species by the generation of life. 0]" the origin of animal life. that t ere 'is the same necessitv for a gener I1S COil fidence IV hie b exi. By analogy geologis!s infeJ: t~lHL the earliest ones were animated Jellies. W s not clearly considered. Darwin are quite irnilar: " TI ere is grandeur in this vie w of life wi hits several powers. Neither does it follow thai developmen t lilfly 11ot ex b all st ibelt and cease ill a gin'll line when its purpose is accomplished. 420. The uri "in of the pre-existing milleral kingSom is 'pas}' of solution by theists: .'\. than to explain the bi th of un individual through the la vs of ordinary reproduction.. -stion of the insti l.forgottenbooks. from the oldest. "That were the pri IIIHi ve forms of plants 01' animals is not JOIo\\'n. For genera.0 frequently wanting. p. most beautiful an most wonderful."-Vall·fllt of JIo/l. 011 scion tific or philosophical grounds only..ntinn of vitality. or gelatillon.~ foci.' it is more irreligious to explain t te origin of JUUIl as It distinct species by descent from some lower f01"111 hrough the laws of variation and III turnl selection. materialists. the 1lI0"t importunt point .

. If lunuun incomprehensibility is a origin have beeu i=1 constnut actiy!t~ Oil the ussnmpnon that these smgood ground for denying the sU]Jerple su listances are self-created. which is finite. I n either case we -are to he d i01' have had any form of mental a . is especially and location for the same powe.org . know ail natural In IV~. which is ilthe farthest planet of our own system. H the missing link "hall be discovered connecting the mon key Following up the line of descent t. -s I nutural origin t. tion of whnt is within the range of 'I'hese are the proper fields of sci. origin of matter. s a mathematical demnnsbrution.own existence.3 the fossilized condition is too obscur . acts.our .ic. . or not. and evol worlds. which originat 1 of us are faculties.rected bv reason. becaus come progenitors of the race. and designe . either hy a being with powet' to create mutsupreme creator or by what must b ter.. not proven.mry to select oue or more pail'S and tlw vagne influences of environout of mauv thousands. shall he compelled to believe till t.l rneomprehensibility attaches to thouscientist is req uired to explain th sands of fads. which are not on that origin of the few simple snbstanc s account to be denied. The distance of the remotest star.that did n at .. th ing . 0\1 1 'I or or v: or © 2010 Forgotten Books www.time when tJleir pmgeny should beance cannot be considered. There nre premonEons of more nncient living object. a gniding hand i. ' which ensure continuous regulation. observation: having in tolleet euce. and the consideratiou nntil animal life occurred. erywhere at work unrl will so contiuue through iutermiuublcreons. Stich a eoneeptiou is indeed beof equal pot.of Yf'W·tahle 1ifl' followed by aniIievers in spontaneous generation [ . re~luirillg all the powers of t. we reach a posand the m an.much l!fe.exist. . full y n nderstood.eIlCr. of the existence of these primordial atoms. natu ra] selection an dill hen . but it is plainly observable. human intellect. workings we ly invested them with the capacity f but their mysterious understand littJe better than the my. and fix tile men t. Within eyery one pre-existing mind. Not one of them s tarred con cl usion. m ust be regarded as creative the s('at of primordial existence. and originating with som . matter preceded mind ill the order it is good ground for denying our existence. neces. mal. showing a far reaching d that of the nearest star. Very few if any of tile laws of nature will be which form the basis of the material universe. finite. where a mineral without life inbeyond 0111' comprehension except as presses inert matter with what it It. enough to make us responsible for a. i1I1 pr~sscl The self-origin of matter and of \~POll ltself 11. capacity to originate nature's laws requires a faith a:. or even of sign of pro gressiou. this iuevitnhle point. the sunscq neut oriProbably this is the reason w h: III ineral gelatinefl were selected hy 1 . on e. its ye t. The but this is inferential.ll . Those sixtJwore sweeping as millions such fi \'1' 11 nconsetous su bstan res coni I conceptions require more fait\l than have 110 precedence over each othe . logical The latter' is only It different nam lllference.which we are conscious every hour. 'rhe theisticnl scientist s cO{lsidered as fully understood even in content to admit of a supernaturr 1 this scisntiflc'age."combination and devel men t. • there was hut one individual. 'We ai 1\1aterial ists clai 111 that it is i III posface to face with the naked questio 1 sible to conceive of the self-origin of of the origin of life. nature. whie 1 {mill their: tery of Deity.self-generatiol . Back of this the atheist. that they are evto he studied. "till tion where divergencies cannot oecu .forgottenbooks.he"lall'l'. youd OIH powers except as a.gin.

Their isciples. The design was to carf)' out a system of natural law which has operated and shall operate as long as there may exist a world of matter.'TWX II). which operates with harmony in all depart. 'Vhat Darwin claims to have demonstrated in regard to development of species in animals. The question of a divine agency in this universe is one of ethics. and to well-established changes or metamorphoses in the rocky beds of this planet. If tile doctrine is true. purpose. evide itly on account of then' eagerness to combat theology and deify na tu r to the excl usion of nature's God. in the U niterl tates. J£ unv thing has origir ated . illdllllillg its mental and spi ·jtual phase. from solution" or silex.here i" no point ill the iue of attack which is scieutifically m re weak than I. nei ther weakens nor strengthens it as a scientific truth."pont. .org . Dawson. . is true. covers but a limited portion of the general theory of evoIutiou in the natural world. men ts of nuture. That it has been misapplied by. in many illstances.hat Ii e hurl been evul H'n from sen-foam r from !' tar-d II ~t. not of the exact sciences.forgottenbooks. implying a determination 01' mental design prior to the existence of matter. is all assui rption not warranted by science or ob rervation.' To e tend it so far as to cover the in of matter or of life. more uncient thuu any of these sub tauces: and the belief ill lheism would be evidently strengthened on © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. RI':TICA I. it III ust b. -go bex td both of these philosophers. or g~~latinOt'is poin s. The former. as applied to q uestions of ethics. As the con tes ' uow stand". There is an order awl a succession of events which demand thought as well as action. Darwin and 1 is compeer in natural science. Further on I shall refer to some 6£ the 111O~t prominent phases of deve topmen t in the planetary ann. or by pro nplasm . opposi tion creation. Barrandc. however. III his "list scheme there is a val uable 1111 ben efieen t. Thei r religio us can vietions are not disturbed hy a doctrine plll'Cly scientilic. While tl e all-pervading principle of evolut on is true as a scientific fact. spiritual existence.The construction of the Hili verse under anl of the plans hitherto disICUSSQd implies a predom. .ing a plan. Huxley rejected the thaory of spontaneous ge eration. who ac~t the theory of Darwin so far as it has a settled position in natural science. I knew a mathematician who concluded to settle the question of a future state by an algebraic formula.4 11< nvot.II111'ouHly iii the sense of i idependeuce of this pin n. catTle his concl usions so far in relation t the origin of species that his claims . On moral subjects philosophers cannot claim a monopoly of authority. '( . all indicat. stellar systems. The late Prof. extending thro 19h the whole of it. it to changes within n arrow limit. ill Frauc • and Louis Agassiz. There are ill the United States numerous theists and Christians who are scientists of reputation. but must apply to all parts of the uuiverse. I ts m issiou must be \\11 iversal and this divine' plan must have begun to take effect as soon as a particle of matter existed. I. very much circuuiscri be the Darwin ian theory of development.ame very near to the origin of life. Guyot and Dana restr] t. Prof. the necrssit. it cannot be limited to one department of nature. formed before the creation of matter. it by no means follows that· nu terialistie evolution. an.materialists to questions of religious belief outside the domain of science. Huxley endows protoplasm wit almost the same potency.pOIltuneous gc nera Lion. t. Inert inorganic matter directing its own origin is a clear absurdity. rofs. Even though it should be pr(ln~nto be true t.\of a ruling spir t.

its outer portions would he thrown off as separate bodies. The "pace occr pied by the stars is as a sentiment "holly inconceivable. however. neve comprei!encl. to It limited extent. Such all ~ct is so clearly superhuman nnrl supernatural.\ e are on Iy vivified minerals. As the process of condensation went © 2010 Forgotten Books www. The development of the materiai univ rse in its present condition. that as the revolving nebula increased in velocity of revolution. is introduced. II. forming It celestial group. . and is largely mech anical in its n. when metals and metalloids existed in the.UIT. should sink us still lower. 'Probably the nebulous mass embraeed t11eentire splice now occupied by t. rf in All modes are alik« unfathomnble and so is the idea of annihilation of matter. such as we behold. The earliest known condition of matter is the nebulous mass of La Place. It probably had a regular motion in It vast orbit. By mere cooling and gmvity there would be a general condensation. It is settled by astronomy that the stars have a motion in regard to each ·otIler. Such a n ode of action is aptly expressed by the word "evolution. becoming' stars.' In a rotating body. in this mass.it without the md of I 1 outsidr. crr. EVOL11. hich the stellar system moves. . III tellizence: nor tIle origin (f vezetable life "'or animal life from irani'~'nltte or dead matter. by the use known distances we are enabled to pl'aSp it mentally. not because it s new.'ION IN THE PLANETARY BY COLONEL AND S1'£LLAlt WORLD. the disrupted portions would move hi orbits. first steps in the origin of n utter were the production of the sim le substances. Astronomers now hold with Herschel and La Place. through 1. But of the fact of creation there call be no dou ht. which is being studied with great interest. The time required for ~ single period of revolution exceeds five millions of years. were at the same time endowed w th affinities for combination. what shall be said of he space beyond? Inconcei rable immensity has thus mlded to it space still more immense. These being origin> ted in the form of primordial aton s. that man could. and that it had a motion of rotation. As a problem in mathematics.ES WlII'fTLBSEV. condensation produces all increase of its angular velocity. N ecessar ly the. \Vn can also conceive of at] »rieinating agent at force. iture.' returning to itself like t1lO!.he stellar system. state of vapor. If: .M IN SOIENCE.e of the planets. and that q~llitics could he impressed Oll matter by it such as are familiar to us. The stellar system has its bounds and if these are beyond our direct omprehension. Should that theory he true.forgottenbooks." a process wh lIy different from n direct creative ac . "I'hese qualities acting with regularity through vast periods of time for valuable ends clearly indicate an intention.org . pre bahly in an orbit of its own.onr sens of nothingness lIS a part of this vast creation.No mortal as professed to have the capacity to conceive of the process or a primordh~ creation. The consideration of a subject so immense t at it staggers tbe greatest of human ntelleets. It is universally admitted that gravitation was inherent. migh he l'ffeded hv laws impressed upc II t h ose few substances. 'I'his is the teachinCl' of science.'l'H 8IS~I AND A'rHHIS. 0 r own estimation. hut because it lies at the fall idation of Evolution.

Thus qualities inherent. It atomic weights with fixed proportions. of this earth at least. vegetatio II As consolidation progressed.org .6 on.lectrici. . and instead of uniting in is to til self-development of life. as used better opportunities (If action. but from the effect . cal act-ion would be intensified. In t h order even ts.such qu lities upon matter.' anini II and vegetable life. Th€) same process in the deof Darw H'. as it choice.the nenial of an the simple substances known to us intcllige It First Cause. is the Any theory which ignores a (lesigning negatiol of an active deity. hut on ly evolutio 1 or self-development. studies.ing power of matter hith- or or or ! or or © 2010 Forgotten Books www. evol ved under pre-ex istiug la II"S. and new solids and compounds would he this acti n is gulvunic and chemical. f<tmta of on in th rocky bells of this planet. There an' ble and animal life became possible. After time resulted ill the form atiou planets and their satellites. formed that primordial nebulous horiy.i im possi le. must contemplate all endless series of new impressions. n umero IS instances where its effects Evolution and development are thus are visi lIe.. "~e can concei \'C of the impress of into contact. in any author. cess is n mode of self or individual ac-· Mate ialistic evolution requires a tion it cannot be distinguished from univers without.his pro. ai d IUId taken up their orbits.y. for apnrlection 01' choice. which. different ages or in the same age.' in an atmosphere.. H'S ul ti tlg II "metall orphism. Il£ t 11P effects f change. t. . both vegetalIO SCk'1 tist call foretell. "There it will eurl that stage was reached. At this molten netals or stone lire allo wed to point materialists propose to enlarge their meaning.. entity and volition somewhere.forgottenbooks. ried to the extent of self-creation. they might vary in the orig u of uian by self-evolution. and i which I dong to the lower und lei'S consequently galvanism and . became se habitable.. impressed upon the atoms at their: Jleta morphism.Vhen sulphur and oxygen are brought . oceans. perfect hases life.mechanism this there is necessarily a power of should I ave no mental contriver. This clu nged condition is duo to no self-vitaliz. became practicable. is equal . ehemi. birth. All ill nabur 11 science.plan ets. i. by whom these q ualities are i and all ratural laws and processes. so as to embrace 11 cool the' become solid and crystalline. bu the conception of a purp9se of natural law with which they were: or plan vilhout a thinking" agent is from the first endowed. btl t th e cause is 11 (It. a process that is expressed by which is still goi]]::! transiu itted to tit e . chemical action all d segregutiun. rocks. 'Vith that tlle vast celestial. edge among those best qualified to field in he bl"O<111 Cosui genie evolution was not one know. those unim al existences. Behil a all these propositions. This nctriuc teaches evolution earNone have been originated since. a head. No new qualities were necessary : Coupl d with the doctrine of selfin the existing molecules. If t. precede.Y necessary to the doctrine of which are eternal. awl mineral deposits.. erto wit lOllt vi tnii t y. The crys talliwhich belong to the fixed properties zation 0 minerals had hitherto been matter.. the en. It is as self-creati on. and planets had assumed form.:. pose.o vital force. which requires a men tal fun au m IItal to th at sys tern of et hies. and the near st approach t. This lies far back vslopmeut of each star or SUllo in duo. might be. The arwinian doctrine of the" Origin of peeies " covers only a limited Such is the present state of knowldomain of ovol ution. they unite not from se. "Then far possible and reasonable. in the stm. \Vheu' presenti 19 another broad field.. their nu teriuls coutiu ned to ehHllge in in the primitive globe. texture.

in Ohio. f')icept on the exterior. These are instances of slow but widespread changes embracing the universe. trees. each having a bearing upon the next. changing the lamination andsegregabing mineral masses.org . to become more d uctile and fibrous. throughout the series. Ohio. \Vhen depositer it was a compact carbonate of iron. ill 'I'rumbul Co. and were enveloped in dense clouds of HlllOl'. .[. Mineral veins..T. which was originally horizon tal.'111 ell ore" among f~rnace men. ani! which ill part come under OUI' observntiou. orr Center street. ' . ve it the Il arne of . andrender them so crystallir e that they bl'~lke and became useless. It was locat. Such laws of development arc traceable to the remote past. to thc race. Nearl all the slaty rocks of the 'I world have undergone metamorphism from some cuuse. 7 new qua itie». I have a specimen of kidney ironore from the mines near 1':oar.. can be referred to this universal law. at the ocean level. less and less laminate away from the kiln.ile fact of an originator. another beneficent gift. The first processes are part of 11 system. Metallic segregation in veins.. The last two instiinee» were due to prol()l1gp~ heat below the melf. by means of a tropical atmosphere. An inspiration runs through thc whole. He h are a Iew alliong l1lallY example . and mosses sprang up of © 2010 Forgotten Books www.erl about U5 rods west of the bridge across the CnYIl ioga river. Geologists explain the origin of mineral coal. Before this planet had lost all its external lle. hut to tllC action of those of vhich they were invested at their ori~ill. radiating from a celltel'.. there was u lime-kill sunk ill the )Jlue Iutniuatcd clay of his vicinity.A~r. and most forms of mineral deposits. After he abandonment of the kiln I found that the lamination of the blue cIa. which must have had it design and' a designer. ferns. A ch ~'II com posed of large lilt ks W._Ht WORLD. Many years since. in all parts of the earth. beds and masses is more conspicuous in mountain ranges.. ncseutiug its e(lges to the heat of ~le kiln. in 'the course of yeaTIl. ll:lr~ of wrought iron of a' hrit Ie or crvstnll ill e tex t nre ha ve been kuolwn. near Miles. ( hio.:1' metals in bodies that man could appropriate. . nature or natural law. which materialists call.ing point. Ohio. hua hecome vertical and para lel to its curve. Probably they formed a galvanic battery witl magnetic currerits. The effect wa to change tlte fibrous character of 'he links. veins and bods of q 11 urtz. before the deposition of sedimentary rocks. which w itS compact before it was calcined. and thence forward to the present hour.tt. 'rhe change extended eight or ten inches outward. like min ia ture lmsaltic pi llars. Clcyeland. Hie seas . not due to the tropics or con fined to all)' Iabibude. where there were concentric layers. all pointing Co the concentration 0.L'3put II all inclined plane in a coal mille at rineral ftirlge. forming a true slate. To uiake it take hole better the f'1lg'illecr cast all eae h lint 1t rot! II d tml! of iron. After calcinution in a large pile at the yard of the furnace pf Ford. while they close their eyes and their men tal perception to t. From fossil iferous limestone the finest of marble was produced by naburul processes.forgottenbooks. The atmosphere was charged with carbonic acid. which g:. The most delicate galvanic action wns connected with dvnamienl disturbances. lilt he Green Moun tain mnge of V erruo n t t he slates and the 1iurestoues sh ()IY similar changes from the Cunadu line to New Jersey.vere at a temperature too high for air-breathing animals. and thus. [lwred to all oxide externally. w here fissures are most l!n 111<' rous and electrical activity is greatest. lhere were a number of pieces rieh assumed the form of small co IH1I1t!'. Howard & Co.EVOLl'TlO:>I ix Trm !'(.lU\· AND S'l:Ji:(. in Akron.

EHKg~TllIAI. due to the SI111111 eunse. it carries with it a series of storms.~XD STELLAI~ WORLll. TI ey represent that there is great. and the nssi 111 i1 ution of food ill an imal s. gigantic si e and ravid growth. This astonishin ~ vegetation. frOI11 the mildest breeze to the most furious tornadoes. more extended scale by its aunual movement in declination.very resource of modern science has been brough t to bear upon both the pructical and theore ical aspects of those wonderful mineral deposits. and on II. there is a perpetual difference of ternperature.UTION IN TilE PLANETAlIY . In the atmosphere it is the cause of motion. III some of its phases the electrical force is thus put in motion. the normal eguilibriul11 of terrestrial electricity is disturbed. to r~product. producing galvanic currents._ brief reference to t.he mineral co centrations are due to that cause. and discharges occur. 1)0 one will question. and the earth ther~ is 11 })('rpetual difference of temperature. as general and UJlpar- ent as that of gravitation.org . existing throughout this planet and 1101. Bet weou the mnlteu eentra] parts of the earth and its solid exterior. by a universal law of cha ge.8 EVOl. when the solar effect is greatest. concen tratiOIlS take place. and the effects of the equally extensive currents of the ahnosptwre. between the equatorial' and solar regions. IJ 'ell held finally to the conclusion tlu t all the changes observed in geology might be accounted for by visible cau es HOW in operation. particularly when the sun passes the meridians. whirlpools and waterspouts. after the most patient examination. agree that t. 'l'hese manifestations and therefore must d{·tho II1If(1 ual d istr ib u!ion of heat. became carbonized and preserved for our benefit. i-\. the water. The faet that in the air. but they a·e so numerous and so various that teo much space would be required.EC- Iwfert'lH is evideutl t. acting throngh in mense periods of time. visible ill the form of lighEning.rical exci of the tine tion in Hat accompany. In this way.h this simple lmt universal operation is and ever has bee 11 I'rod nci Ii g its n's 11 Its. 'I'h e cu rren ts of the ocean are compounded largely of the differences in heat. Sir Chas. The Un ted States Geological Survey has fo many years been engaged !Iron the 1 ines of precious metals in Nevada. F. the theories of geolog1sts 111 reganl to the cause of metamorphism. It would he yer~Tinstructive. HEVELOP\fHNT OF T. Colorado and the Rocky Mountain region. quantity of invisible moisture nnd the visible rain-fall. These general and local vnriations cause the ntmosphcrical an cl terres t rial electrici t)' to var)" \I' liich afl'ects the germi nation and 1-{rowth of seeds and of plants. eom lexity. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. be a material substance OJ" it could not produce momentum. On the cause of these changes they express the nselves with great caution. re goverllmen t reports will be in teres iug as an instance of the power and universality-of metamorphism in t re texture of rocks.btless throughou t the material universe. curren ts are form ed. :t<:I.forgottenbooks. It affects the. when buried by sedimentary strata. pend npo n e is seldom made to what a general cause of eleccment or disturbance. These learned in 'estigatol'S. TRICITY. although hey are among the world wide im. In the mass of the eart.tallces of this inscrutable agent. which are generally called eq uinocti al. Electrical action is excited by the daily changes of temperature. and that the processes of uineralizabion occupied a length of time beyond conception. C lifornia. which generally occur in the afternoon. During the warm months in every latitude there are local thunderstorms. It must. As the sun approaches or departs from the solstices. one t examples of seH-regulau-e.

A moving force being applied. whose effects are at mar he some external influence from other planet". Inequality of temperature pervades all the materials of this earth. and the tempera than tho aret ic. all-pcrvadil.. compared with its surf ice.forgottenbooks.trrtox IS TII~. 1\ WOI\ Ln. prodi ious. The nervous systems of animals and plants are so constituted as to perform electrical functions which vary with the daily changes of the atmosphere. 011 till" Sif e of HI agnetis m we may consider th earth as an incessant.:o)'ld.'. causing its heat to vary every day. and self-originating one. both anirual fwd 111 inerul.te itself more or less ompletely. the rrintiug press.J: 1'0 r. The differ nee between a self-regulating appal' bus.\lCy are their own originators. but the W01' is not ruled by them. with the warmest belt. it presents itself to the earth I or 1 foundation ( nearly all the activities the mater a! . PL. though at the © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. the forma tiou of \'eins. over which there or every succeeding day. the consequences are crystullizabion. It realizes UUl conceptions f perpetual mot. . as the sun moves to aud from the equator in declination. This C<III. steam engine or hun red" of other mechanical contri vances may eueh regula. and even from the iixl.\ It \' AN v in-Y. may be overcome by considering this widespread effect of chuuges ill temperatnre. if! plain enougli. which act upon minerals ill solution. and thus there is everywhere an unfailing source of motion.. e determined hy opinions or hypothesi. Science is important and philosophy valuable.!e ami common th a It IS not. It was never claimed that this is an evidence that t. like natnrul philosophy.tN E1.e. is so gent. receding towards the south. Here nothing is settled that does no rest au facts or demonstrations bas d upon them. 'Vhen it has reached its greatest unrthern declination. segregation. cannot. exciter. i\fag'lletislIl. m"y be traced to the same source.. Nearly all the energies of nature may be traced to this quiet agent.org .! I times and the couceutrubiou metals in various forms.LL·.ion. Natural scie ce. du lv considered even by £hil sophors. thro gh the lllleq uully hea teo sbato of its ceu t ral part. On the snrfuee t1H~ eqnatorinl zo res are always at a higher teiu perature til all the temperate. like terrestrial electricity.d stars. The difficulties which presen t themselves to many minds in finding a sufficient mechanical power.

lIA1(LES W1JITTJ. or even in the anthropoid npt's. The miof a divine power.org .(lol1l. reaches the parts for which it is designed. (. there is 11 origin of olectricity: It. being estnb. and llletlll.operate for the same commun purposetalizing of the Howe s of plunts? ~t-. Iuvoluutarv action of the heart sends the blood to the extremities. of tl G Heeekel school.p{l t. On the men tal or S riritun] side.lIate 1)\· It fiat of dead matter P If so tribute». in an oxygenated and purified condifall hack IIpon th impossibility of tion. it does not appenr to he important.line or law of develop lilt '1 I t.It me not tIll' results of the will. The latter presen ts facts that are mOl" difficul t of ... than h) animal and mental life. COmtmrea to the fundamen tal power UlIC erlying nat- change may be. If there is no futurity for any of them. nute valves of the bladder and tlw perCan there be fi br ader miracle than l<piration tubes of the skin act in tile the origin of matter ? Can there be same manner. By whom were tl e:f first pnt in acHall? The theist and th« at. interpretation.E~F. electricity has superunt. C ve I'y th in g re Iatof propagation wit It in jfc 11em is eq ualing to its uet. From whence come these uuhidde 1 realities? Are thev natural or su ernatnrul ~ H umail volition does 11 t originuts them.:\l po wer.ell t. through the veins. These phenomena coa more miraculous e'en t than the vi. To a believer i a CreatOl'. AC'l'IYl'1'n~S. mt there is :t ere.rie. i. IV lrich is lished 0)' :dmitt.uniform within each g(~nel·a.he maintenauco of lift'.ivities. In.hat is. "'here' is the ova of tile animal kiu[. what t hfl limit of progress and © 2010 Forgotten Books www. respiration. to go perpetmiracles: t.he anth rship of which it is Hi'(~ most wonderful of miracles. The law ati II g me II !. t. but does 1l0~ 10 There are in \'OIUll ary movements ill animal bodies. SIGNIFI 'ANCE OF INYOLUN'fARY llY n'LO~ET." rleCal1~(' its metamorphoses arc more numerous. resembles closely Ir flxerl and universal.urnl at. digestion and eire lntiou of fluids. 'Vlwre is There are scien 'sis who believ« the sustaining power of these movethat all forms of t. there are like activities. leaving the mystery of their ori rin unanswered. It is IIOt Jess so hecause it applies to mutter in tlJ(J C011dition of minerals and plants.heist alike. hy whioh medical preserip- the miraculous.L tions are carried to their destinatiou. 0) in some superior rom moncing with the om hryonic pOlI'el' not human.hnn in" the oyster. visions. and by which digested food.ATHEIS:lvI I N SOlEN OE.l . Did those complex machines origiIf so.he vital forces rucnfs ? should Of' uttribut to electricity. ure. In the eeonomv of nuimul Iife there are fluids.forgottenbooks. and by a reverse action it is returned ~Iaterialists. refer such ianifestations to some form of law.rrIIEIS}\I AND . 'Sll h us dreams. Here the atheist rests. must he ill itself. of the direct action nally Oil tho same mission. his modes of action tlJrongh nature lire of' limited interest. amo 1 g which are Uw cireulation of the I load. The mental faculty in iunn is more develoll.

ing that till! limit of human perception has lW1. If this hypot asis is tenable. or to comprehend any of them perfectly. A system so complex.~C'L'l vrrrns.inuectiou hCl'weenhcat nndIigut. Such control must lie outside of humnnity. To refer involuntarv action to the unthinkable or nn knowable.. 'rhev consider heat and force to be COil v rtible. this 1111]"t continue to he the most important faculty. is only an all! biguous mode of stat.forgottenbooks.SlUNH'l ANCE OF I~VOLUYTAI\Y . as contrasted with chance mo e and more palpable. the most mysterious of our fucnlties located in the brain. whe her he re:sides in the arctic or the torrid zone. awl a \'. be of little use. are wholly involuntary. that rush through our minds.'1l ]'pfl. is la!'O"elr invol untary.t.o eru:h other that are visible wherever there is life. 01'1'1'his entry into the world lle hau no control and has no foreknowleclge to © 2010 Forgotten Books www. r Il all lntitu. it is superhuman. and subject forever to fixed mental laws. and t.rons fluid transforms food into nutrition most readily. negative cold.org . but is n everth eless pni nfull y im poten t. may be wholly voluntary anrl subject to the will.'· muscl • &e" consUtut. in thousands of instances which they are very loth to admit. capable 0 digesting food should be shown to an atheist he would discover ill it a desi. hut.\· consolidation through the effect of incon ceiv ahi y rapid vibrations. play an im portnn t ~part t Inn ng hout the curth . n. Because safisfnctorv definitions cannot he formed. There aloe man v scientists who 1 elieve that heat is I~Ot n material suljstance. th lt tho ternperature of the stomach in man is everywhere the same. This and light have relations t. they are none the less matters or facb. The impressions they leave engraved or photographed on the nervous ganglia for future nile. inasmuch as it did not originate there. as their modes of action. and thus simplifying a larg class of phenomena. " Memory. animal or vegetable . a condition of violent acti ity.. that has happen€( in precisely the same way through the period that men have existed? Them is a e. If human existence is ill some form eterual.lHo' globe. point persistently fa a . If a self-acting 11 achine invented by man. observed by eVl'l'_)' observer. s this involuntary process an un hought of accident.upreme regulator in all departmen ts of th e natural world. but without memory would. or at least coeval with matter.ing t.les the 1111111 n stomach performs tlw function of t 'anSlllllting food ill to a gl·Ollp of' liqui J. horn·: sinew. His efforts to place himself at the head or the universe.he cnpillary action in plants. that are absorbed 1)\· the svsteui dud become bone.hat limit. ('1I co U1! te'r t. though not It substance. Sitch am the eiliarv move ments. and also numherless unbidden thoughts. It has been observed by scisntif c travelers in all parts of t. nbiq ui tnus nntl practir nl is moved not by man. and it is also at the point where the gm. but it is admitted that they are generated muter certain condi ions which oeeur subject to establishe law. Reason or tile act of reasoning. probably bv the circulation or nicroscopie growUls in the atmospher or in the witter .'ry large number of invol u ntarv results in livi 19 objects.mnong material molecules. present tlw most ridiculous of all pretensions.he animal body. and thus wherever that ebntrol lies. 11 e ver haying been able to make 11 law of material nature or to change one. 'I'he origin of' contagiou diseases is not clearly defined by medi al experts. b. Tho~3 who denv su lwrh 11III all in spi rat-inn. 'rhus the disc verios and refinements of science. 11 overleap the limits or gm era.cherl.. )Iaf! is frequently conceited. it makes the claim 0 a plan. Over this the individuals have no control. Heat and its opposite or. Heat was certainly primordial.

illle or manner of -his exit. that he is a once forgotton by the millions who Ii e on. Yet if he makes one vsluab e discovery in nature. Nil m bl'l'less books have been written . the of which he denies. they should not bo subjected 1:. his name.org . especially its moral features. hut there are uumerous philosophers who are not satisfied with the make-up of the universe." and" SCIentific Philosophy" in many books under many names. and that theyurecnpable. This is the aim and such are the pretensions "Synthetical Philosophy. existence or or © 2010 Forgotten Books www. he is in the future more I hvsically helpless than at his birth. His pl us for life may at any hour be dis ppointed by death. influence and an hority are lost." "Positive Philosophy. star d 1St. During life his impress upon other en is so near to nothing. -Whet er he originates by the agency of min ral or a IIImal bodies: sea foam.. Beyond the m rtal lite with infinitesimally few e ceptions. A stone dropped in mid-ocean does not sooner disappear. protoplasm.1:0 prove that as individuals. of the t. even under the most earefullv drawn testaments.12 SIGNIHCANCE OF IN'·OLUNTAF.0 allY power higher Hum themselves. aseidian or acaria. xcrrvrrtxs. monads.forgottenbooks. admitting nothing beyond matter. of improving everything within the domain ethics. he hopes for en uring fame in a future.

forgottenbooks. Verse 1. genius and industry of mankind. than the secular learning of those ·times. and won Id be a better trnnslatio . the word " made" is employed. i With this distinction in III nd. chapter of Genesi-~. "In the beginning God ere heaven and the earth. TV. nearly the same for the Spirit of G d. "And the earth was withe t form and void.org I . the spirit 0 God is represented as moving in the ops of mulberry trees.mre the record of nil ure. and in verse third and in 'several ot hers.. In the authorized English version. with only incidental references to secular knowledge by way of illustration. geology. religion is belittled. was 11ot iII tended as a treatise on cosmical events." There are differences of trar slation 01' of the copies of this chapter which.O:n. ·Under such an aspect. CHARLES Wlll'l'1'Lf:SF. Ver. An I 11 © 2010 Forgotten Books www. however. I II verses 11. the earth and the waters "bring . Their domains' are better defined and separated: unless where they neeessarily support each other. and must be eft for Biblical critics to deal with. MOSAIC COSMOGONY . irst of Chronicles 14-15. with the escri ptive parts of the first chapter. coupled with a theory that there was an intent to describe physical events from the stand-point of natural science. These differences ca not be accidental They include P cesses not identical with a divine reative fiat. What relates to chronology. point at issue. 20 nd 24.THEISJ\." No time or period of erea ion or . understood. is not more prominent than is necessary for elucidation. Religion has been the greatest sufferer. Their objects are of a morai and religious character. it follows that the cos mogo n y of )Ios!:s. and which are even yet feebly developed. No referhnce is I made to the primitive condi ion of ! matter. A construction more in harmony with the great purposes of morality. are not very essenti I in a descriptive sense.. even those which fail to establish the. let : us coml. forth".t-<stwas commenced between seientists and theologians Oil presumed diserepuneies. 1.~r 2. Chapter 1. only in the vers s 1.f AND _A'liRElSl\I 1N SOlEN 0 . baserl largely npon the first chapter of Genesis.L 'I'HAN LITE It it> evidently Hot the purpose of the sacred books of the Hebrews to teach science. Science has not been whollv a loscr. ill the first. theology and religion. and show how far they correspond Tho Order of Cosmlcal Events ill Genesis compared with Science.l. 1£ this view is' correct. and cover all forms of 0 igin or evolution hy law. 12.. 21 and 27. because all forms of investigation bring out valuable truths. Such discoveries were left to the intelligence. The word" create" is f01]11 in the first chapter. It is nearly fifty veal'S since a sharp cont.tL llY COI. to establish or to overthrow contradictions. and science not weakened. On this passa e there are scholars who hold th t the Hebrew expression for wlnd. and darkness was u on the I face of the deep. as far as it I. Under a different hypothesis the literary world might have been spared it large part of the books that have been published.'lORE ALLEGOIUC. and the spirit of God moved over the waters. description of the mode of Ol erution is given in this verse. runn ing through the Hebrew records. general history. and natural philosophy.

es 3 to . ei ther electrical or phosph orescen t. their ph raseology embraces does not necessaril v follow the order of events.. t. and morn ing of the first lay. substitutes something personal or mabut presen ts one of ver many forced terial.14 ~108AIC CO'>~IO{JO:XY~IORE . resting upon waters which submerged most of the. It was enveloped ill darkness. was occupied not ill en ating.org . The grou ping of events These contain the Hrst mention of into seven periods or (ays inculcates light.\L.\!. of planets. low forms of marine life are discovboth hy direct state me ts and by the ered. and different from the above. one day of rest. oecupr~ reasoning. which ate as ancient as the camancient mode of allego ies. but vegetaclear moral and rel igio IS purpose. traces or' algre and of teach man kind science.HI. 'These mail ethical points ing incomprehensible periods 6f time.>« . Tbere "!Ire such diserepanall of that vast period £1'0111 the creation of simple substances ill a nebucies in the Mosaic recorils. as cold is of heat. by means of rapid vibrations. been mentic net! and parified. that the light here It referred to was not solar but tempor. James in verse two. put mom lau. and finall V res uHi tl gin the fo r rnatinn acting everywhere dire tly (It' conse . aIHI the first cosmical day. at least there were so me igneous Lially described.~('['Ol/(I iug visiou. 'Vhen the leaves of the book of naIt is manifest! v not un attem})t to ture are opened. whieh the Hebrew sy. else is don e during t is' period.he descriptions may be misplaced. moral ruler.he celestial system . constructions of the Heb ew records: to The recent English version has 110t meet hypothesis pf Call ordauce or of changed the readmg of that of King discordance witb natnr I science. I It may be only au emanation produeVet'ses 6 to S incliu ice. quentially. ble that among the ancient orientals it is incapnble of creat 011.ing power.. tern is' based. All references to the changes which more readily than b~ proce~ses of occurred in the great nebula. It another fundamental eature of the is not yflt determined by scieutists moral law. .. douds and a sky. making © 2010 Forgotten Books www. ary. are the existence of a c !eat. which the brian. authorized Catholic Version of Iii'S Such is not a physical impossibility. lous condition.forgottenbooks. unsol ved tit an to resort to violent soSuch a condition of the earth is In t. and the organization The earth could no have existed prior to the sun ant! tars. An expanse or firmament appears ati ve of darkness. A very should be construed as having that re~ common feature of Eas ern literature lutiou to each other. as in existence before the fi rill allen t an: the celestial rocks. but it is wind represented the breath of the capable of being "br nght forth:' Nothing but light is III re iutroduced deiby P Verses OIH' and two were probably to account for the evening and the one sentence ill the original. and therefo e a supreme Ven. T!LU' Lln~H.j inclusioe. not mentioned in this chapter. It bas. There are po sibilities that ones. of t. above the waters. probably in cloud". are omitted. but it is safer to leave the difficulty solid parts. impl iug all atrnosThe Iate Professor Guyot enterphere. Thl"Ollgb this cl~apt r there is a here very well described. and possibly SOUle sedimentary bodies. that of six days labor tn whether light is a material substance. If so it is the opposite or neg~ day. Orientai mind took in by intuition..EHOR{C. all ble and animal life cannot be inferred.• The earth was· ill its orbit nnd solidhowever. 1£ such is their is the fact that the ordr r of narration relation.ion!. Is it 11 ot possiIf light is not a mute -iul substance. Nothing tained a theory.

"A great light to rule the day." Vet·ses 20 (0 23. And God call d the dry land earth. planets and satellites. Silurian and Devonian formations. " God also sai .-fifth day. the expanse or the firmament. which may ha 'e s~ed within itself npon the earth. bring forth' the creeping creatures having life. . The mode of the origin of laud plants and fruit-producing trees is not given. f01" the use of beings that were to follow. permitted the full viyifying action of light and heat on this globe. may have been coursing along their respective cycles for cosmical ages.deposited sedime Its which may have been the meta orphic strata of the Laurentian and Huronian eras. Verses 9 10 1 t=Ltaliaw Version." This relation orrespouds to the observed order of egetable life. and the fowl that may fly OH~r the earth under the firmament of heaven. Verse 11. do not purport to have been creative acts." 'I'heso two vc scs. very litt e that is specific in a .)f08AIC COS)IQOOl'lY ~IORE J.~L 'THAN LITERAL. . what the CI'eator knew about his universe. they were then set in order.Verses 14 to 19-Fourth duy. und God saw tht it was good. and the tree that eareth fruit having seed each one 1 ceording to its kind. but land plants. phase of this earth has been reached.. A. to stimulate land growt. hefore the atmosphere of the earth. The question is not. Suns.. to rule the n igllt.Cliptive. in which life is possible by animated bein~. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. .-"1 ud the earth 'brought forth' the grce 1 herbs and such us yielded seed ace rding to its kind. of view. "Lights were then 'made' in the firmament of heaven.forgottenbooks. and stars. but what is expressed in this chapter. by implication cov- cr the extensive era of the 'Cambrian. and he set them ill the firmamen t of herrveil. 15 or bl'ingins. and to be for seasons. and the . having precedence to t lat which is animal. direct or indirect. let t. but t1w eireumstances of this interesting process are very imperfectly set forth.le. 'Vhether th y have any form of marine growth is yet au unsettled question. but Oll y movements. most important. presenti g no fresh formations. let the water" . Hitherto there has b en placed upon the record.for h anything new. it must ha e presented sedimentary beds.he waters that are under the h avens be gathered together unto one place and let the dry land appear. ' Let HIe earth" b. Whether this vegetation was the suecesser of lower forms perfected by a law of evolution. require both solar light and heat. By the above description. 1 seas must have .hs. producing flet:d and fruit. showing how httle impo 'bUlce was aHached to physical infor: ution.org . Aud the evening an 1 the morning were the third day.And God said. When the solid land rose above the seas. that were princi pall y mee hnnien]. hut in providmg new arrangement among pre-exis ing objects. cannot he affirmed 01" denied 011 this record.. except by the agency of Deity.LLE(lORIC. and the frnit tree yielding mit after its kind. and a lesser Iigh t . I I'hoso prime.' seed.·ing fo ·tlt " the green herbs ana such as rna." Verse 12.ill a natural sense belong to those of the second day or period. nd it was so done. in w ich are evidences uf marine growth both vegetable lIud animal. poir t. The transacbiens of the fourth period. comets. . for days and for years.-" lid be said." V cry little light was necessary to the existence of mollusks or other marine invertebrates. and the gathe ing together of the waters he calle seas: and Goa saw that it was goo . to divide the day and (he night.' and it was done. Origillal creation is not here intimated.

The defecl:. It is a general I·epetitioll. ]Iaterialists 110 II' elaim that withuud let hi III h aye d om ill ion 'J ver the out divine will ( r agenc\' din'ct llI' ill. rerse« 24 " 31.IIP fowls of tbt.. we shall cease to forth the livin 7 ceature in its kiud. created he him. down to man.." there is no refer nee in this record as This completes the descriptive po~ it has reached U .'l appearauee ill ·Imut.~e 2[5.hcasts of the earth. complicated. tends to a period Oil the border. not acted press UpOIl strata as ancient as the upon. comprehensive. according to their kinds. beginning with by a fail' coustr etion. 21. nnd euttle ann eve1'y thing that. There may h· ve been lost portions It is the first introduction of fishes of importance.'] part of one chapter. and t. and eve r living and moving the strabfied rocks. where the same difficulties arise. Life is hl"'c fi :st brought Illu)J] the creepeth I1pon the eurth n£t. expect precision of description. UI'e compressed into a Vers" 24.he whole jellil's. life wus volved "from murine air ann the beasts. ··. ana beasts of the earth.--" And God created man created.lmt. first.org . murine A moral and religious intent pergrowths IIIg-dJ r sea weeds.· . and are intirely distinct from dom.ed. land." ciduous and (l\'(.lTERAL. followed vades the chapter directly and allegorhy low and sim Ie invertebrates. earth and el'ery creeping creature that Here it is med that every living moves llpOIl the earth. I n that field the cosmogony. when rank ilwamp growths ill brackish waters contended with dl'kind. The verse excreature which the waters brouqld. . and events so numerous and one. are well known. . et the earth brill." Yer. To marine vegetation male and ft~lllale created he them. ..er its scene.. overslmrlnws the minor differences. Tile d scription is dear and in his own imago:>.: may be at• Hem is the fi st mention of land or tributable to an evident intention not air breathing a imals. Here the word repreOther Scripti raj breaks are discernsents an order. The general eoincideuce with natcattle and cL'eep ng th ings. multipl\' and fill the waters. for future investifor departments of the animal king!5atioll. whose there is a vacnn y or gap which must remains in the quarternary deposits remain a blank. 'Yhen it is considered that periods Sixtl. an explanation that by name. well preserved ill whale".\LLl:GO}U(.l'green trees . • 22. uccordins to thei r ki nds: ami tween the Devouiall and Carbonifer~wery winged f wl..ter is here added ttl verse 24. geology. direct. which have left" their imenn merely be suggest. ac ording to their kinds. whare here are. direct discrepun ies. in the same manner as ible." and moving thii g i" the waters was Verse 27. "And Gon • made.' tht' and or the birds to m ultiply upon the . according to its ous. fowls and beasts. The tes irnonv of the rocks is kind. ." ural history. upper silurian. 'fIB:'. and t.llor call it be inferred tion of the chapter. be~ forth.. the words.._U.Ie COS}IOGO~Y Mom. man in our own image aWl likeness.JlO Jls with the 01'(1e1' of men.16 !dOSJ. the archaic str ta as inverte brates: which it is not ilSY to separate from Verse 26. N(l Jl(>scriptiYe expl icit in reg:u to it. !. and I i am © 2010 Forgotten Books www. The previous to introduce science." . And Go I "created" the great these by ~erkbrate~. em. was to . The missi n of marine creature.forgottenbooks.fishes of the sea. are put which must be eft.·\Iid he snid h-t \18 make the vegetatiull f t. day emaiuder o~' chapter so vast. which was left introduction 0 animal life ill the to the pXf'rcise of powers given to watl'I'~ con'el.

\L 'l1U. there wus nut enough known at the . land animals and land pia ltS. mammal.>.{ of the present centu·r on which to buse the groups of hree forrnalcrv periods. where shall we look for the inspi ution of chapter One. t hs t conflict with each other 01' with na ure. The grau ps are j rst. Group second.an azoic period." '. If they are interchangeable these expressions car1"\' 11 meaning dif!m·eut from what . or Latin records prior to Ch risb tJ}cre is to be fon nd so comprehensive all exhibit of those to great cosmical perio Is.G 'eat and rapid cit ange: the ruollu ks flourish ing as in the Cambrian Em until 110W. there are three eras or epochs that make It clear irupres~ upon the minds of all those who study the material world.-GI' ater activity. which are as much more important than uuture. ann all religious theology. but these are not disclepancie!l.. in a scie 11tific poi 1\ tor v i{JW ? Its manifes pll rpo~e wnmoral and religiou-i. . The boundary of t lis grouping is not always clearly d fined in detail.imnlated and qnickened under the new order of things. the universe. under divine guidance. U. but of la~ tel' origin than vegetable life In the march of cosmieal eve nts. Considering the breadbh of he subject. \Vhat is not claimed as due to a creative impulse might be evolved without departing from the letter of our translation. It is ugreetl that the days are not literal or solar. an d when it is considered tIutt neither in ~gyptial1. These defi- © 2010 Forgotten Books www. .ould result frillll separate interpretntions.MO~AIC COSMOGONY ~Oll~ . The latter call only be bused upon di reet stat-em ell ts. It wide door is .forgottenbooks. birds. whatever individual views they may hold of its origin. In these verses.. also marine plantafls es. .clear relation each other and include aU creations and all processes of formation in a general way. where the word create is not used. in which their g. but. which can ev tI now he dOIH~ with only a reasona Ie approach to the truth. GrouJI Third. III geology antI' in sciellce. brought forth" is not well settletl by commentators. holds to the progress that had bee made previously. a rapid deposit of sednn nt. where dead IT atter pervaded. reptiles and men. made . LITEIIAL 11 ically ~ 011 th is plan of in terprebatiou the Mosaic theology is based. all holding their OWII. What philological force should lie -ziveu to the terms" created. The testimony of the rocks makes invertebrate life the most ancient. in a forn ati ve condition. Oil Iv a few words and phrases being tlevoted to purely des 'l"ipti ve nmih-r. but they would still have flo .org . also vegetable and animal life sf. These periods will be shown below. Tn the Mosaic ac ount there are breaks. thrown 0l?el1 to the law of evolution. The :Mosaic account is generally regarded ail marc than three thousand years old. all becoming 1lI0·e universal and powerful throughout he earth. Each N l.HLEI.eneral a~l'}-eement with the physical history of the first chapter of Genesis will appear. as disclosed in nature. there IS a general resem bhtnce which is remarkable. but that the Hebrew original means II period or era of indeterminate length.lORlC. These periods are not sharply de~ fined. Greek. but with minor break awl omissions is readily recognizee. eithe~' in Genesis 01' geology.begillnillf.:Ild •. breaks and de fidi eueies are U/Iavoidable.. and the small space devot( rl to what is iucirlental and suhordin te to moral law and religious pllrposes. in the form of an IIbstraet. also repetitions and omissions. Only the material universe is said to be created with animal and finally human life.1 moral forces are s IIperi )1' to meeh anical ones. 'and each succeed ing em makes a wonderful stride he ond the past .

is at the beginning of tl e first period To such variable standards and ·t1ircctly at.Iisposition for criticism and the disco\'ery of diffieu Ities w h re Syll thetic antI general features are rushed aside.org . little better than opinion. and to treat their predecessors without veneration if not without reo or of © 2010 Forgotten Books www. IH~_~GngE}[JiXTS AND 0 ISSIOX~. Origin of matter. 'I'IH:S- LITERAL. plant". III gl'oIogy especially the dcpartment of pllleontology. is a better uue than the Ienrniug or thc eontinen t could have produced.1"1"" I Thus at the close of tl e third grand division of the cosmos.he reports of state geological RIlrVep..in ue tc live. to subm it their most im portant moral At the beginning 0 t."" period.md perl. It preldt hand column 0 the above sents a tangled maze of opinions and abstract." of tJH' authority. and trees.e8E!1~ dar kne ss by traastent f<llJowe Ugh!.. ocoans. t:. t. if the parts thus unchallenged and uncontradicted by scientists. broug I lorlh. d UpOll the everv individual so us to conform to Mosaic record.Urn en ta ry roc h.A'riON 01' AGR 'g~Il':~T~. of J»'O!J'l"CS" Increase of se . century it would not ha 'e been possi:Materiali~tic philosophy is still more blc. ciencies tend to con fir n the belief that secular instructio was not the main design of this cha tel'. amplublgr. mankind arc asked evolution. Firrt' .18 ~rOSAlC r ~jOHO=-. • Air Tenlhlng cr-entures Fish"". A)l IIIyes t]gatlOlls III the fiel d 11 ave their value even where they are made tc sustain or to disprove a theory. tortiary and post tertiary. fCY1'1nati~e prfJCP. llECAl'['rlJ).taln mollnsks and a troplcul growth ot or bir • ou land. &. followed by animal life in low rorms entombed in the "".rm eut spread OUl. ous ere rtures JIOS"lbly Included. The results of chemical nnnlvsis and someother physical qunlj tios matter are generally accepted..lirnentDry I nd app~ars promaty strutn and of marine in en tiy B bove the water.nd planets in their orbits. lile. helii!~ the day the lllght. shrubs. b:neo and sed 1me n ta ry rocks. contradictions and uncertainties are such.. to huve given the ronpfl of the vague having lIO standard. &0000 4f progWlS. TIIl"t fOTlila!i. mollusks.rn be swept away.ght. 01" of the United States will IX' painfully impressed by the large ~pa("e devoted to the overthrow of the conclusions of their predecessors. and can be interpreted by right hand column ba.""~""n" arnphibtons nud land rep.tI. "". cach of which is of equal or Enrol\e The grOI pill:. trpe. nol mati". F'ir.". publishe fitt.he present. dred veal'S before ChrL t.'iS or l>eri<Jd.t!v(!: forOrea on brought the ern of the ward plB1let. invertrebretes and shrub. A pre. mentlo of lile. braekis h wa ters "1111 creatu In ._. ami mnu cr le<l. t be a tmosphere or ~ky.H. Me'oowlc time. No merine vegetation "ought Into view anywh re __ lose or the dUh d .'eeeired by 8cielilist8.H-LEnOIIIr AI. the Scripture spect. the mo"t prominent mun. shrubs.~ ::tiP.t1~ or perlo(!.and are.er". l"n<1 land and water plant" plrmts.in terests ill rleferen ce to science.. But critics and observers will cont. rnarnmuls.'ft Order ifcl'ents illGenesis. That part astronomy which rests upon mat hemntics presents a pleasing exception.forgottenbooks. No nuou of Ufe. . the work of the latest school or investigators obliterating that of a long line of observers of reputation during fifty years ~yill _ill t. fWIIl the seie tifie libraries conceits. with fowls warm. . mal. the stellar system a. a permaneu firmament'~ set vertrebrutes througnout the Silurian und Dev011in ~) del'. forth" files.'" t lu:mrlance.een hunhis capri Cf'S. shall be stricken out. First. :tl1. with cool moon a d to mark In easuro growth(O. btrds. can find material for iscussiou in this as in all scien tific p opositions.hat what professes to be science is but.nd second day·a .. imperfect vegetable. Eveil lIOW the portions under criticism and argument by aclmowlfdged scholars being eliminated there remain only here and there limited fields of demonstrated truth.". Order of erenis as . Whoever studies t.he vat. vegetable and BnI_ Un t land. It is a· fair presumption that.the confusion. Oreepiug !!'i'~brou. issue with materialistic changeable tests. with i5UD'!Ian BY" tern".re:a. . S.~lOm. reptiles. Chopter OH('. A notable example of the~e efforts nIay beseen in the late govern men t and State reports UpOIl the copper bearing range of the lIppet· peninsula of Michigan.

there has been ex. like the solitude the northern h nnsphere during fifty of tedious days. ]Iutability of' Science as It Moral Regulator. These chapters have been written I A clergyma of some reputation under circumstances not favorable to has published as a serious fact in a full presentation of the subject. provided there is sufficient events.literal. style may be overWhen. inexorable 1a.gy will promo e mutual charity and ar. returning to this earth. ology and science. requirir g but a short period cident to service have inflicted almost of time.org . it" to whatever nfortuuate uses science considerations Ulay rest assured that I may be tempor rily put. are I upon ethical nd moral questions. But in the wake. will emain to counteract to scientific uses. oulders or lost rocks reflection. fully conscious of their Iiter. must demonstr te its stability in orAn eminent French archeeoloeist del' to gain co fidence. '.H'V A very slight 'comparison of learned thnt the sun's rays are spirits of tlle authorities sho s the reverse of unity.Yd~fects. an evi!lBflceof thought and wisdom. Those who be. has devoted It volume to the the".consideration mong those who are tilde as the antagonisms between the. that the days of creation are For many years. there is no intention to disparage its so far as they ave developed material achievements.forgottenbooks. In the world of I I I I © 2010 Forgotten Books I www.I of nature can here leave it.will be helpful 0 the race. to tbat extent Nothing is presented in a spirit of clashing will case. . firmly established. and of all persons. Every verse originated with one mind. WHITTLESEY. that fluencv and an abundance of I Whatever scho 1 assumes to arbitrate language with an attractive style. amonz Permanence m st be an attribute of whom he recognizes that of his de'. wholly ineonsisBooks ure published under the belief tent with ch ims to infallibilitv. distinction between knowledge which My intent 'is 0 show that there is a is established beyond reasonable doubt want of perfe tion in science and. dead. overtb owing hy two asserincessant suffering.not specialists 11 hoth. di-I position as it s all be ultimately fixed rectly or indirectly. UY COL. in t e tardy progress of looked. and the certainty of con tin ued disabili-! A strict sepa ation of questions of ty. but with an unswerving those who hav confidence in the God faith that all departments of the uni. controversy. are accou n bed for as ejections from Conscious of the uncertainty of life volcanoes that ire no lOnger visible. Solid inlieve they discover discrepancies and telligcnce can ot eventually debase wish to place science above all other . but only to confine it truths. I have concluded to commit them to natural science from those of theolothe press.: every world-w de system subject to ceased son. therefore of st bility. In a su bject of such mugni. Such studies. and mere hypotheses or opinions. any fae or doctrine shall be clearness of expression. science.tions the wor of the geologists of fnl silence Ot nights. and den mg the existence of a celleut opportunity for undisturbed glacial era. CHAS.years.THEISJ\I AND ATHEISnI IN SOIENCE. chronic diseases in. There is It plain vicious ethics.

of God. wh ich has been admired by orithat IS im passable. and the great penetrates farther into til material refractors to more Until six h undred. mort I life and yet be in a state of stability. esse} to be time would limit its perfection. Treadi g in the sun. and also which by common consen had been the subjects of that government. the system is probably inClark and' Sons of Mi saehusetts destructible. : changes are not 1\)01'(' striking W onderful views of the stellar sys.ion. He says and instability: that the new questions which these Persons who deny a rst great wonderful grO\lp~ present are so COlUcause 'detract from the si nplicity of plex as to baffle the greatest Ii ving asnature. that it is infinitely impossible that it and therefore more iScope or opinion has resulted from chance. Small telescopes increase the N one of the fraternity of schools n urn bel' to forty-four. S. 'Between this and the mora or ethical The gorgeous cluster OT the Pleindeductions OT mat-erialists is a. because they in the diameter of object gIa ses ill teleoccur Oil a scale ineoneei vably grand.atnml scie Ice is l}ke 1 motion in space as gronps. In ani nated natthey form n combined system. Anregarded as the nearest star to our so. Humboldt when Callout of view. of given sufficient periods. Its el: arthus making changes even n astronoacteristies are like the metamorphism my. scopes' from U to 11. Their can not in some way he hr ught to a mass is about twenty limes that of the satisfactorv test. slow of operation. A fair 'annihilation. cannot alter nature. There are Galileo is revolving earth f1 renlitv. th ere is no hill g th at th at t be su 11 is from our earth. produce cer- I I I I I I ad © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Double stars have ong been of the rocks. and to those be ore known To carry out the moral government new and. Prof.' character.' worlds.org .templating these "jslnnd worlds " oversh 0 wi n g . w ose methall with direct as well as revel ving ods are based on mathe atics aIHI motion.is behind it the belief common centre of gravity in about in u ruling and regu lati g power I fifty years. tres of gradta\. riel'.'~ a time separate. court? If thee logy is not magnitude. C.-. That e -olution as ental shepherds from remote ages. Prof. plied to in tellectuul hei ngs. whe 1 circumwonder how they could rotate.ba\. revc lving about their ~en\'prge and meet in the futu ·e. Snch portant.iflg a proper ]~vol~ltion in l. becomes frail and uniminference is that they are not. world than astronomers.nihilation of any part of it at any Iar system. quadruple and greater cOlJO'e. and scribed by animism. or at least its COlJlpOhave in this way gi veu to astronomy nell ts. but rrptern have been disclosed. aud if heists are I times the distance from each other in Hw righ t. presell if. Sirius.~ci~IlJe I al~d natur II philosoChicago.iI's of stars. 13. Bu nham.to all per ons alike. he must be eternal. but of much less or appellant.forgottenbooks. by II increase pear 111ore ns ton ish iug. stars. to the (lye a group of seven false.20 Til IS~1 A~D ATIIEIS)! I~ SCIE~OE. I also nebulae not yet resolved. an atheistical doctrine in morals i. but known.-. in 1862 discovered a comphy where is its regula iug head pauiou of Sirius. natural .surprising beauti s. and ure thel'e is not as great exactness. gulf des. as apmore d istan t th an several esser stars.' Its material randeur is . was roused to a state of scien tific Its moral greatlJl:'ss. Kirkwood infers that nntural philosophy. but sure y to cou.than those of minuter objects.'1 U and 23 Uuder given mutations of a physical inches. There are thousands of binary paths of material nature th y may for triple. They are thirty-ssvan which is universal. and Ieave its mor grandeur trouomers. revolving around their infallibletliere. is found by .

the ongm of are morally independent.org . Prof. On that is.j tsllect of ally order to originate a. since hose doct. Its mission is' the feel no cert inty of their future sueinterpretation of nature. immediately cal basis such a pl'emoniholl might be there arose among men of learning accounted for as a feature imposed another equ lly infulhble eXplanation upon matter whether animate or inof life dev lopment. Oil a theistithe trtrlb. through some animate. and if one ereat-' mankind be expected to commit their ure has it so must all.ent. the days of ts leading advocate. N school of scientists has est order are ll{'ceil~ary to penetrate heen more ositi ve than that which and expose the secrets of 11 nture. though Similar ambiguous phrases are curby no mean. good. TI1'S was followed by ascribthe contrary hypothesis it must he ing similar ewers to ascidians. . that of premonitrori. infallible. WRS asc -ibed to spontaneous acThere are naturalists not theists so tiou whollv disconnected with deity. whose claims are -contraportion of I allkin~. in world. their designs and their fou nd. and as fast as life. It cannot to monads and to mouaria. III list he self or sponviucinz som of the German peorle of taneous mental action." whatever other step' III its development. and 11 w nnder the fiat of the vrdual actiou which m nst be independphilosopher £ J enu. 011 ace unt of the shortness of more stable HHIll art. of a. moral desti ):? A.s seholurs. "That can be more unplnlotinous pain s. in naturnl science than in other like Of the best lans devised bv them to pursuits. whieh is cess. 21 tain !esults. ftO~l the lowe::t dieted hy ether scien tists equally proto the 11igh t.rinal'ies placed ly supreme.: Preordma-' I © 2010 Forgotten Books www. son of the utability of everything While III ina 1t1](1 talent of the highhuman.stndy of rent III Mr. To only incessa t assertions. It is near y one hundred years.. If their positions are. Thus the greatest ~llllCommend to ti_leil' fellow-men that they tion of del ed power. can "tion must be mental .i terialists deny the nt~cessit. s moralists they cannot to.forgottenbooks. ' _. Darwin's writinsrs which nature is b commg. and th ir impotence over those the true interpretution is reached who survive them. they pire. life.certainly be more reliable than as Jen t intent. more and more allow of a construction cl()s~ly allied' valuable. On such ariable foundations. in "stardust. Here lies the reascience becomes fixed.d. \Vithout law the Next the icarus horridens t. law maker. pronounced materialists any such As those ientists succeeded in con. }~x.ingmshof la IV wlule they denv the existence able from Y" etnble organisms. of lJItion. in fact less. then self-action j'n each' case. "\Vith a ver'y large }lro~ scientists. If It is not wholly imaginary such 'ac-. the di vergence of species. Like its predecessors sophical than myriads of such self-origthis IS an sumption.". gelatones or geln. This lfl the teaching of the origin 0 life in something called I their philosophical works.looking forward. rnaaffirms sel or spontaneous genera.TIlEIS)1 AND ATHEIS~l IS SCIESCE. . as to periments v re not furnished to demattribute in them something like a onstrato th facts of such an origin: premonition of what is to follow. which consistentlv be claimed as the result when first 01 served are nndist. There is not more inconstancy acts are th reverse of benevolent. of the doctrine. laying a foundation for anvital eue!]. 1 they become intellectually and moralOkeu. which are withontan um-: promote the happiness of others. which ree'·seafOilll1.gin hy. not sustained inuting existences acting ill' concert? by proof. their . far committed to the doctrine of oriwhich in all forms they denied.y.ook the subject of each premonition has indil~a. tb~~ proclaim n benevo.

This feat re is not confined to living creatures. There is not nnanimityamong archreologists in regard to the presence of the elephant and mastodon in the United St·ates since the occupation of the red men. thought nd foreknowledge naturally follow. equal to its successful managem nt. The peace of Europe is measurably assured by meetings of the powers and general conference upon political questions. and in Missouri such an effigy has been found. by means of -congresses and con ventions. effects of environment. This academy has a stone pipe in the general form of an elephant. Several members of the A eademy of Science at Daven port. nless between mind and matter. but an honest difference of opinion. such as" natural selection. there are among practitioners the wlrlest differences. Very strenuous efforts are being made to effect uniformity of action upon great practical subjects.. This vast scheme not confined to natural science 0 to the material world. there remains a break bet veen spiritual and material entities.' ether animal or vegetable. While they are separate the material au act only subject to an intellectual guide.~e eration will not deny that there is 0 del' and system at and after the origi . i Examine the prolonged discussion upon our Azoic and 1JIetamorpbic systems. including the dreadful 'I'aconic series. ut terms. How can they exist without agree ent and design? The Darwinian d ctrine of change within Iiving specie is very much strengthened by the reader and deeper one of primordia evolution.22 'lHEIS~[ AND ATHErS)J IN' SCIE~CE. b t in Europe. Fortunate and valuable as 'these discussions may be.' . They will be found to exhibit an arrnonious progress. but when will the day come when doctors shall agrce! In scientific matters there are in Grea~ © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Those who believe in self . but embraces the mineral kiLrguom from its remotest periods.org . By means of schools and medical colleges these differences are be· illg reduced.forgottenbooks.. On th question of instability I have alre y referred to a disposition among eologists to discredit the conclusio s of their yredecessors. There is no lack of earnest research. have been honestly construed by thousands to include selfaction an to cover the origin of life. Lookin over all phases of existence. on which are rudely engraved images that have been eon~sidered as representing the elephant. it canno he successfully denied that the is proclivity to change. from the earliest repor and records. In medical practice. The Bureau of Ethnology as a part of the Smitbsonian Inst. t ere is something intermediate conne ting both." and "ori n of species. tion by ind presents nothing am-[ biguous. This is manif st not on y In the United States. or the fact that tbe elephant was intended to he represented. and therefore more exuberance of imagination. going ba as far as our knowledge extends." not subject to a supreme r gulator. have examined stone relics from ancient mounds in that vicinity. the range of discrepancies is still wider. whose modes of operation are beyoud the control a d largely beyond the understanding of humanity. Those who discredit and deny the doctrine of evolution will profi by a study of these changes. amounting to contradictions. clearly exprossin a controlling power. they have no abiding authority.itute at Washington. denies that the elephant and the red man were cotemporaneous. In archrcology and its cognate studies. and decline to admit the genuineness of the engraved tablets. on account of less exactness of method. which controls the greatest of our needs. or final certainty of success. Ia. When that conclusion is reached. and such usl have been the design of a will.

Arago in To this it may be objected that 1822 to survey a meri ian of longitude evolution must operate imperatively. English in this adds to t. The French moral and religious senses.Til EIS:\[ A:q D A Til EIS)I I:q SCI F. Upon interpretation. ar. as in the material world. tions for the advance lent of knowlon any of these subjects. e records it is creasing approach to unnnirnity.he grandeur of moral mathematicians deny the accnracy of government. its necessity for all of them the progress of scho Is towards unity increases. but solutions appeal' more and tions of science. yard should be lost or injured.org . government employe Prof. I submit either as individual s hools or in conwhether. new' hopes For this purpose. :Max I I I © 2010 Forgotten Books www. The evident that their mil ds are far from points that lire settled asflnalities are accord upon any of he great quesfew. In mathematics an astronomy no discipline and doctrine. code tlHtt shall be true and shall promincluding astronomy. more probable. Muller ant and pn blic patro age than the ef. and also the probabilities in the past two centt ries it may be in. From rneuts. chemistry.. 'Vhere.:q CE. Their Questions of world-wide religious pH blis h ed papers repr sent th e h ig 11est ill tercst arc disc II "sed by represen badevelopment of scion e in all its de. there is patronage of gover ments in dis. if the moral sense comes nection with univ rsities and the within its scope and purpose. there are broad investigation has em raced more talvariances of opinion . A~ it covers more departascribed to the arc 0 Arago.as yet stability enough to formulate a cussing great quest ons in nature. beby French mathemat cians as subject cause it thus becomes more and more to a greater error than has been universal. terial. the French work by s me 1800 meters. throuzh Paris and determine • the not liable to artificial correction.tives of creeds and churches with inpartmeuts. but o \_ length of a degree 0 arc. ~ gt\'en in Darwin's plan the surroundings portion of the men ian he surveyed playa very important part.ise to be perpetual.that it permeates every department of ferred that a geologi al era may elapse the universe-men tal.an exponent that is received with such fessors and studen ts teet an n u all V to respce t as to silen ce criticism? compare their con lusions.' grees indulge in the greatest reverized countries have I ng been engaged enee for secular learning. where the m st learned PI'O. A belief became their stan dar ' meter. cheeology. adds polar axis of the cart . whethgovernment makes se of the semier in spiritual or material fields. moral and mabefore it is reached. is to be found edge. or an invariable and possibilities for those who accept reference in case the nglisb standard the idea of Immortality. bv cugrafting unun it. The accuracy solidit» to what mav have been estabof the British deter nation IS denied lished "of a kindred ltatllrf! before. medicin mathematics. By the. To those who in various deMany other instit tions in all civil.maintains that evolution embraces not fort to find a stall dar measure indeonly intellectual matters. the Every discovery of this kind.forgottenbooks. but the pendent of the met r. 23 Britain and the Unit d States associalanguage and social affairs.

cohesion. eIIAS.he foci. q ualities and forces. nature. there would be insu fficien cv and cil aos. .'. The design or purpose of this law of motion. and accornplish specific purposes. Motion is attributed to two mech anical Ilgell cies: direct im pulse and gravity. as it is in the case of electr ici ty. WHITTLE. evol viug new principles. VI. fluids and solids move in curves or oscillations. and fOl"fll parts of planet ana do suns.\". which results in the tracing of curves. It. If they did not. and as mutually dependen t. asteroids and comets are regarded by scientists as having had an im pulse in a right line.THE 8M AND ATHEI8~1 IN SCIENCE. number of bh qualities of inanimate though fixed in nUIIlhe. and uot in right lines. eomme cing fa!' back in the life of the uni erse. Scieutitic details are not of so much consequence. and how. which takes the form of a fact. is in some respects not as manifest. as the persistent relationship of each department to others. witliout which.org . crystal Iiza tion and III an y other attributes. Planets. but beillg immediately acted upon by gra vitation from the sun • gave to thei I' orbits the form of l'Uifses. they have matter. likewise their fragments when exploded. In anima equally univei lave shown that they systems pervadillg this btless other planets or be inferred that other notions. imprc. Ascending fla\lles from com bustion take a wavy form under the effects of buoyancy. bela laws.y one will. is the manner in which gases.. SWHYS to and fro in. it may qualities or ft derstood. qualities and forces impressed upon © 2010 Forgotten Books www..A rope stretched acr-oss a flowing stream has the same action. not as well UlIg also to systems with best known. ' This wonld seem to be m nifest. crystal tricity and mutual relati mitted. of which that orb occupies aile 0 t. One of these deparbments or systems.forgottenbooks. elecrbital motions. if we onsider the principles.}. sed upon both mutter ana mind. but the fuchs as well estabJished. and act. a d squad rons of cavalry.y.ion. will tend to gi\'e clearness to our ercepfions of spiritual action. The captive balloon or kite struggling to rise. milch the same manner. The creati e power of theistical philosophy is none the less a controlling agent be ause its operations are slow. 9. )Wd entrance the hearts of children. When we I aye considered tt large illlatter in primordial times. All of t. to our thesis. Special imp Ises are not impossible. A solid shot discharged from a gun takes the track of a parabola. instead of order and efficiency.. In the aggregate the unis rse may be compared to the regime Its. come under the same law. as well as the beauty of systems. brigades and divisions of an an . A stone thrown hy hand assumes the same curve.hem move forward in accordance to their' special la IVS. th e'y could not act II concert. DY COL. are qualities sal. with their batteries of artillery. whose us are universally adoperated continuously. w hi h f01'111 men tal and physiological systems. and lose the form of Ia v. all directed . are graviizatiou.(. Those tat. by endowments. The Law of Undulations. but belong to he miraculous. Iiockets and other pyrotechny which on public celebrahans endanger cities.

molten slag II id [ava ward towards the earth through the have a sluggish. Earthatmosphere where the resistance is quakes progress in waves on lr nd and great for so subtle a body. san ne. Flags and other sheet acted upon by breezes. so meti rues gi ving 0\1 t musical propelled by storms or earthquakes. beneath the Rea. dulatory folds.'!affected by the comma ion of of the waters besides the tides. made from alloys of metal. tion of the standard yard in England. sway back and forth incesalso numerous records of great waves san tl y. the same as sound which extend beyond the point where they cease to he visible. quiet water sends a series of concenwhich spread several hundred miles tric waves outward like waves of in al' iirections. volharmony by vibration. are shaped il to un. of graph wires in the wind. No the waters. of I ndulainundated by the wave to an elevation tions breaking upon the drum of the of sixty f~et. have the ·organs of modulati n for that a large tract of rich and cultivoices in ail fun perfection.· t is the Stones or metal balls let full in same with gases flowing from )ipesquiet water sink in wavy lines proalways oscillating. Sheets of water falling with a regularity that comes very over dams 01' regular waterfa Is like near to perpetual motion. '"ilid instrn me n ts of various forms. A stone droppe d into dark by clouds of smoke and dust. Animals height. on the opposite shore thirty follow each other hour after honr miles distant. vated countrv at the ocean level. This motion is so exact that Prof. loops und I illows because the initial velocity is irresistiSemi-fluid OJ" viseons mutter. which that of Krakatoa has been ·best described. If it escapes fron pipes.hut there are ripples upon the beach.forgottenbooks. the form of waves. tion are so common that they do not In fountains awl jets d'ea there are ince:-lsant changes. them. which fire wroug It into waters of seus or lakes arc so quiet waves. such ble and the course generally downas molasses. It. The atmosphere was made special nerves.pelled hy gravity only. ing and falling con tin naIly.. broad waves coming in from a distance.the result of low.o straight Of jagged lines. air or the water is ever at perfect rest. The shock was so irresistible. transmitted to the br~ in by of people. on the Swiss gee logical it has been applied to the determinesurvey. flowing water aSSI mes a sult of atmospheric waves due to inwavy ru 0 vern en t. This is a system Pendulums oscillate with so much which philosophers would nev I' have regularity that time is measured by devised. This ·Il~trl\On all shores there arc undulutions ment ·i. formed by ashes and of its flexibility and 0 bedience to the stones thrown upward to It great will and the lung power.'rUE!8)1 A"n ATIIEHm IN soraxoe. Foreb. that steamera. the sp ay ris. probably the refaces. was All sounds are the fruit. rolling flow. Some forms of undulatory mothe discharge is ill spirts and curves.'! the model atra. KRAKATOA. has a tidal register net r Lau. was claimed but © 2010 Forgotten Books www. killing many thousands ear. 25 Winds move in W[We8. It rose in a few hours in the trumpet. and never into f at sur. There are Nill:gara. tar. Musical string instruments Foduce harmonious notes by their vibrations. Neither the prevented. most perfect of all hy reason form of a cone. A rope or a car. sounds like the Eolian harp or teleof great height and terrible power.org . Oil Lake Geneva. Whether in flumes 0 other channels. Lightnillg pet shaken along the ground t kes on approaches t. I roduco As recently as August 1884 a.attract attention. which calli at he equalities of pressure. cano burst forth in the sell near Sum'fhe human throat WH.

The propelling power of the KrakaAll the tide H'gistc s made record of toa waves.org . which was signals without electricity. dulations. Pacific coast and to t re Pacific Islands.never at rest.diaphragms. by 11]]. theory that heat is uly a violout agiShakespeare had not been educated tation of particles. where be tangible. nd through the the same time material? nerves or tha eye re: ch the bruin proUnfathomable as such speculations dueing the sensatio of light. advised his fellowmen to ponder and There are other mysterious phenombear the ills they have. by tide conductors. all the Ind an Ocean and on It is well known that sound is conthe Atlantic and Pa inc coasts. cansspaces between the particles. across all thos seas. too subtle to by admitting such an ether. and coming around Cape Horu ap.hrough wires and cords by a wave moved outwi rd from the vol. excel t in its extent. and In recent years 11a ural philosophers there the only opposing force is the have rneasuarubly a andoned the thegravitation of the earth at right anory tllRt the rays of the sun are pro. undescrib d ethereal chartion implies spontaneous destruetiacter is also requir d to sustain the Lility. solid or fluid. wh ich req ires a medium long enongh to consider whether any © 2010 Forgotten Books www.acted upon by gravity. hut w rich is admitted new possibilities and profound queries as 'indispensahle to the new theory. sage of electricity. In place of this I U nconflned fluids and gases are so there is one. or annihilation. were lost only when they broke on On the Atlantic coasts of South e\'('ry shore. only when it \v.gles to it.11(1 stars. may appear. not to theists. A new interest.II settled. explained by a first impulse forward. easterly and southerly. coast. [ected in rIght lines. ruther than ella to wh ich an ~ ually mysterious plunge into au un known sea of trou bles . enough to give eano.forgottenbooks. and requ res the presence A broad field of conjecture is opened everywhere of an et ier.mosphere. process is necessa y. of the gelH1ral qualities of matter. It did not d ffer from earthE verything points to a general s)'s~nake waves. is th s given to unduCan it hold the position of a medium lations in general. it cannot b for light. which _ atmospheric pressure that they are trails mit light throukrh space. Spontaneons generaat least.exceedingly sensitive to inequalities of tious at the SHn . tern of undulatory movements so uni~ rom the Indian Arc ripelago it moved versal that it has taken rank as one northerly. distinct. that "eyed t. s broken on some derfully improved by the use of it. but wonlost.26 TItEISM AXD . along the coast of A in across to the however indef nite the details may be. they are portentous to The proofs of its sxistence or of its materialists. only. registers. indescribable. force themselves upon us. If such all ether up to that form of morality when lie exists. not well established. Snch as the which they knew not of.ion of the former is nothing without Something of t.UliEIS)I I~ SCIENCE. that this volcanic 1 ethereal enough to penetrate the d ust appeared in our t. t. requi ling rapid vi bra. These vibrations of thonght along the brain and be at strike the retin a. which belted the earth and it.hi. thruugh ite various It was however W . Persons of transmission of SOl nd throngh solid a suicidal proclivity may well pause bodies. The posinature am not very satisfactory. to a strictly horizontal position. It ing an unusually ru dy glow at sunmight also 00 a promoter of the pasrise and sunset. may not be satisfactorily and North America it was observed. It requires an peared on the Puci c coast separate almost inf nite force to stretch a line from the direct wa e from 811 mutra.

it should have some connection with the mind. It is only by. Meteors which reach the earth from other bodies might. The l.TlIEB~I AND ATH IS~I IN SCIENCE. The remarkable shower of November 1833 was entirely gaseous. and dissipated in the atmosphere.000 in a second. Only IIpon this view can the men. which are not productive of discord. and the level of the sea. Oscill ations 0'£ material su bstances imply momentu m which implies a material agent or impulse. Such a bold hypothesis requires. The doctrine of universal eth~r as a medium of light that has become prominent is almost bewildering. comes so hear to the children of men that his whispers are audible to them. In a chapter on the brain and nervous system this possibility will be considered. especially such as seem to partake of an ethereal or intangible eharacter. infinite mind who. It would save investigators much perplexity. we may consider those by which the clearly material. Desor of Neufcliatel concluded. Motion is one oi the life sustaining provisions of nature Its office in the atmosphere is to purify it. within fixed limit: of change. which shows it to be self- © 2010 Forgotten Books www. No form of undulation is mental. is connected with what is less tansrible.t of au all-pervading spirit. It indicates a depth of contrivunce which goes beyond the doctrine of right line rays. Apparently the wave-like motion is a mode of transmission that requires the least expenditure of force. extending to caves and nnnes III the waters. such as a creator would naturally bestow npon his creatures..tal be brought into such close unison with the material. such magic power that dead matter from its original condition has been developed into life and perfection in a manner that astonishes the greatest of human intellects . and flanets. in the language of Garfield. if instead of laboring to exelude a deity they would recognize him as inspiring the forces of nature. there are self regulating movements that prevent stagnation. Electricians bave been able to measure the velocity of the electrical wa ve. whether of lakes. Having brought into view some phenomena of solid bodies. and is a surprise in nature. if not a demonstration. that the transmission of thought requires time not exactlv measurable. riven or seas. The mechanism of the universe acts ill concord. If established there must stand within sustaining distance all invisible. increase its hulk and change its relations to the asteroid. The theory of a pervading ether requires more imagination or faith than tha. in whatever portion of the universe then must be matter.org .forgottenbooks. all powerful..te Prof. wherever vibrations occur. planation. If the theory holds good. Geike of the geological survey of Great Britain has given an ex. binding and intertwining them still closer. This is not science but knowledge of a higher grade and good reasoning. Tho increase of ice on land during the glacial em produced a slight change in the centre of gravity. Prof. An analogous evidence of wide spread mechanical contrivance is the structure of bones. If this medium of undulations stimulates or otherwise affects the nerves. where by means of hollows and cavities the greatest strength is obtained with a given material. it will be another cord reaching into other systems. Whatever the newly found medium for light may be its susceptibility to impact. As yet astronomers have observed nc perceptible increase. Some scientist has estimatl'd the vibrations of light to be 180. if they were large and numerous. E. 27 power but the creative one can anrnhilate anything. however attenuated or imponderable. at least something more than plausi hie argu men t. must he beyond comprehension.

porary with post glacial mall. .forgottenbooks. raised. .cave-dwelling men at that peric d. the mass thaws from its wuth.crushed rocks aIH1 boulders.to I © 2010 Forgotten Books www. There is proof of the existdneo of This oscillation em braces a 11100.ooq years to co. British North animals have left their hones in the America and Alaska.the controversy in l'egard to t H! e1eern border. slowly increases clay.It is due to astronomical causes. sand awl gravt' I derin~[ from south ward until the astronomical con.1"1'. the tern perature is genera survived the A rctic cold. and the IX six h t1 ndred (600) feet. and the sallie to retire. m~l condition.lng cold. by the solidifying of its ing the instability of science. or a period cesses. of about 22. A n u m ber of pre glacial snow of Greenland. reO'nlating and returning to its nor. an illustration of the com pensations It requires about 11 . . and }1mbahly rctn'ltten before the i iereasis going on no w. who ate change on an extensive scale.lle mastodon.gravity of th~ earth to have b en oncentricity of the earth's orbit.r waters retained upon the con ineuts. 'I'his is rsvolution of the line of the apsidos. and is resolved into water phant and t.ne of nature by its l-il'lf-regn latillg proall. calculates the change in the ce rter of and to combinations between the ec. Man v d itions change.org . of 'Wash ngton.28 'Tl[}. The ice neve and .Professor Hilgard.tS~l A Ii D A 'THEIS~r 1:-1 SCIB:-ICE. as a cotemand the normal condition returns.000 years. referOne result was the lowering of the ence has already been made in discussocean level.

the}' arc transpires among men. no It is ever. ami guideformed in knots.. '[here strators and chemists leave the noris an imponderahle substance.I k ngdom. m itorial or matter with III ind. the emotions.r what is wonderful in mind and Itt the . memory. to vous system. knowledge. incl uding reason. of which the most I"C. Where demontl erefore subject to bile law. d monstrntion.:l hold" a con trol over urent of the intellect.he brai n. because it pervades the mineral spiritual. is spiritual is associated with what 1S like other parts of UlA ani nul sys tem. W IITTLI'. 'rhus far there is t I' three.here.not regarded as material. Outside of theism.he minor nerves to a certain of radiation. organs of the senses -and those of .SEY. and this subtle a I other j[.tgenL puts the spirit rei ation to 111iad. (:IL\R.forgottenbooks. is the spiritual sensa. but fall short of physiologically than the brain power. p wer~ How far docs the spirituul essame time a practical power. aJ1(1that f: culties perish also? How far. but its phases are quito IIumerferent. the teen mental and physical action.over and direct every moveh man life. which is even more naiveras much certainty as the exact sci. Its relations to. such as the muscles. ti n of one pel'8011transm issible to auIts material side is being examined 0 her. actioll. to no other organ on accouut of its lV-hat 1I1vi:.n stricted to reasonings from analogy.-VII. About them there IS some 0 s. il torvantion of n· su preme spiritual Connected with the nerve svstem is p wer.otion and the coglude men tal ory. 1>' but possesses an ill terest that attaches a u vsterv. iueuiell.w I in nature than the nervous sysences have attained. Ever}' s stem is everywhere uniform. bones."hich hrief reference is made in chapologists take it np. an.. UHler great disconrazements. and one is conscious of it. Its general name is elections of our nature everrthin&. bringing out new wunibh which mental philosophers have del's and mysteries. the existence of p rtains to the all-ern bracing nerve which needs no argument. do thought... ng' struggled by the light of nature> mind cannot be determi lwil t. it is found to n ental netivitv is coextensive with domi nate . The Brain and Ne 've 3Iysteries. gangliu and centres it along t.d stiuatiou? How is it there trnnsrnutmurkable is thc brain. passion. metaphysicians and bi. it coms nce act separately from the material pares with the b'Teat comnlex stellar b dy? When the body dies and is system. In respect to C( into physical force through m uscut. t 1Il. It is the seat of' all mental d composed. Thatever view may he taken of the propagation. . 0 II r He r ves are in III otio u wi thin t. llY CO!. but they 'Vhen its common centre within the h ive discovered enough to show that brain case is considered. 'I'hroughont the vegetable and light. How ~whuj a imul kingdoms nerves act as con- dif-I I © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. \Vith the mental. emotional and rational func. A nerve may be studied physically.ible. Nothing can be more important .h ieh have force. is t icity. ph ysieull y co nsidered. and by what medium conveyed? under the microscope and in the disSuch are some of the f) uestions seeting room. durgroup of spiritual activities that are it g mortal life.org . it will not be denied that what the mind system.}'where ad IIIitted th at th e extreme difficulties over other annloII rve system is a connecting link hemies. but mom darkness.. It prese n ts.tPresLtl within our knowlessence confessedly directs whatever e ge.

somewhere . Its gentler manifestations were proven by Galvani. the circuit is opened and the wire connected with the ground. There is not much doubt but all electrical excitements. :i\ICll tal activitiu t. by means of a metallic pile. portions of lightning discharges in the distance not visible. the' affection lead. and has a more direct influence upon human affairs than· ny other.org . I universality adds anything to a 1 etaphysical argument. but since the exi teuce of the first cave-d wellers. ductors. and other emotions in animals. Some are of a mixed haructer. to be constantly present in animals. the nerves and electricity. The 1 51:! imposing claims of change by de elopment through divergence or spe ies. Affection. Telegraph operators si nin gat til ei r ins truIli ell is within the range of local storms. The domestic affections a e offered as an instance. Electricity has shown such vivifying and sustaining effects. passion. 'Vhatev~r vital ty may be. which was very properly called galvanism. and the result is growth. sometimes called animal magnetism. Bolts of fire have been known to flash over the switch into the earth. bu because they belong to indisput ible consciousness in all human bei: gs. 'Vhet. The brute portions of ani mat nature. or all of them. in this respect sometimes utdo the rational. Persons in the track of th 11 nder storm s have their nerves disturbed or shocked. to science. They cannot he adapted to each other and recinrocate on so ext~llsive a scale withOlit a design to that ~ff~ct. present grea er evidence of submission to law. perpetual. tl an those that are under the rlirectio of the will. or an alma t complete accord with other depart rants of men tal nature. or a curative for its diseases. without diseovering the fitness of one department to another. within whom are self-acting currents. 1£ the wires show a strong surplus. their mutuality is more Dr. This was the theory of Bastian. As argu rents upon the distinction between r ason and instinct. self-regulating process. find their nerves affected. As these systems are better known. requires will and supernatural action. the spiritual part tuk s the lead of the physical. which is entirely involuntary. They support each other as systems. using acidulated wuter. by their association with mont 1 action.! cr the unlearned.30 TTIEIS~r AND ATHEIS3! IN SCIENCE. In this way their food if! solved at the root.hat are involuntary. 'I'he two which have just been di cussed. In animals it is often regarded as an instinct. from the mildest to the most terri flie.forgottenbooks. not only lIOW. Volta produced a current closely resembling it. deny © 2010 Forgotten Books www. taken into circulation. increase with their native intelligence. These changes produce an immediate effect upon the nervous system. upon which his experiments were based. The gronp of n eetions occupies a greater space amo g the emotions. The natural world cannot . this i a fair field to introduce them. A surcharge may be fatal. awl wherever It. the same. and exists without regar to philosophy or cultivation. Plants have a nervous system of their own. ar examples selected from many other because of their prominence. especially solar heat. tbat many men of seicnce attribute vital energy to it. through which galvanic currents pass. a. electricity may be a supporter of life.S fore are located. not becans they are generally involuntary. and more apparcn.are brought into action by variations of heat. bid fair never to c me to a close. he viewed on a broad scale. and because they are more familiar. universal. If a alogies are allowed any weight. the two faculties may be treated for the present purpose. '1' ey also possess an irresistible iutere t. but in milder strength. or the learned.

through which victories are w bn and the fate of nations determii ed. It cannot be attributed to the imagiuation. The exuberant domestic affections are so various and ethereal. Memory is surely spiritual. this WOl Id prove t. I and ideas. Little has been © 2010 Forgotten Books www. 'I'hey fire largely sentimental and sometimes artificial.he less an actuality or fact. or admit this duplex feature (It OU r existence. but from the dead to the living. personnll~' un known to them. soul or spirit. Thus do ex erieneeand analogies intimate that t rere is some moue of trnnsmission 0 thought and emotion not entirely ov r the nerves from the living to the Ii i ng. the}' none the less form an essential part of the happiness of the race. The impressipn left llpon a people by the characte r of a good or patriotic man. dreams.hat imagination.org .forgottenbooks. but is none t. constituting It system as wonderful a. There are many insta Ices where his troops have.cl. all like them. involur tury mental action is inexp licable. 'l'he'y are men tal realities of the highest class. in the shape of trances.. whether of men. somnam bn lism and visions. singly and in gronps. and are as manifest as ri vers and mountains. In all ages !nankinu have beliC!ved in witchcraft. kept alive by n emory. no less than material substances. sen intents and emotions pass from one tp another. but intangible. but are ingrained in h II III an nature every where. Because they belong to metaphysical and inexact studies. On the atheistic basis th is facu Ity would need an explar ation like the others. but it acts as an agent to -the sentiments and emotions. The will is spiritual and eludes the microscope. This spiritual effect is displayed in great practical force by different genarals in com mr ud of armies. their bulk will be milch reduced. It does not dispose of this difficulty to dell}' a living spiritual deity. 'I'his sentiment is It regulating power over its conduct. _hosts or some form of spirit manifest _tion.THEISM AND ATHElS~1 IX SCIEYCE. but when far away from horne. however the human race originate. is a power in the world of mind having a systematized action for vain ible purposes. women or children. It is not destr yed by the death of paren ts. courage and invincibili y.\' years. "he mode as a material agency is not cbmprehensiblo. 'I'he question ari::es as to the capacity of a separation of mind and mutter and of separate action? If an a Iog:ie5 are stricken from all philosophical treatises. 'I'he difficult question is the relation to or transinissibility from one mind.honsunds of men. without being at. This is a rea power. though the main springs may be invisible. no person II acqu ain tan ee. that occupy the brain. Of that class the mental IdiIgdom is filbl." any department of nature. is not less powerful. they arc difficult to classify. It re nnins as a purely spiritual influence through rn an. I'he child is i 1Il hued with the spirit Df its parents. if anything is. telegraphing hither and tliither in oLcI1 ience to will. Without a resorb to a supernatural agency. will not alter the facts. while they are imbued by his spirit. which is deal. and are often obscure. affects their t oughts and their actions generatic ns after hi" decease. and must he controlled by law and order. The emotional sense which pJays a ruling part in domestie life. that are less tangible H an voluntary ones. but the sentiments and emotions dominate over them. Galvanic action of the nerves. by ~hich he is multiplied into f. not neeessarily in thei' presence. is a physical fact subject to observation. for all these qualities exist. to another. Reason is grand and memory indispensable. except in their effects. and if it could. a strictly mental faenIty. though a mere sentiment. that. There are other invo untary mental operations.

cannot b clearly defined by mortality is essential. mind is the rnlillg power. which rest up Jl their border lines. even in It rough and formati ve course of nature or weaken the proofs state. mind or npon the animal system. instincts. is doing inj us. of tries there has sprnng up what is which th ese are a portion.forgottenbooks. '1' reir mystical outlines with matter has existence. The ill.tever lies science and its modes. to futurity. Evcry persoll . is evidence of ining better dcf ned.our existence. body.org . But like them they are reality there is in such beliefs. of necessity Reasoning from material nature contradict each other. to which imare. it is past argu ment that here are not necessa ih> ill the unknown. In the material in gross constit tte the spiritual part world much more comprehensive deof humanity. in almost all COUllmemory and the mental activities. mental potency of qualities of the mind separately as the all}' and e\'ery kind should be the last phrenological s udent does when he thing which is destructible. especially in regard to crease of intell genre steadily dimiuirs perpetuity. it must require the same names. affccbions. study of which is worthy of the most To deny such a fact because it ill not gifted minds.. Take the ernoand mental nature as the basis of tions. play of sophist y can render 100 plain The sun's rays have an electroa truth obscure. After passing beyond our ken on other planets or the Iine or ph sical observation. There are other people enconclude that ~ complete moral govtitled to consideration. a an intellect greater than themsel veil. have had so me nature. A mutual correlation or action cannot vitiate t ieir reality as a group. and spir tual qualities. we systems. viewed in. vet these prac ices partake more of Whatever may he the full law of fraud than of philosophy. the animal holly is SII bor-I germination aud vitality of plants.capable being resolved. What these characteristics form of religious belief. among the parts of a ci vii government for.which exist in favor or a supreme tice to interests that are dear to all regulating mind.32 TIIEIS)I AXD ATIIEIS)I IX SQIEXCE. . the clouds called natural religion.partrueuts work in harmon}" sustaineei ved as mate -ial objects. there is noth01' between nations. spiritual. a d are as readily per. not be varied to snit those '~'ho deny It seems re isonable. Scholars in his field. No dis. what we perceive.. These faculties telleet and design. Those who ernmeut requin s a systematic use 'have hitherto Jived and died constithe spi ri tu ul ch amcteristics 0£ our tuti n g a great III ajo rity. settled that goe to explain how mnch resolved. though the inall times had t heir influence. Looking at the what is visible. By analogy from our fellow-bf'il gs. however. but as a system they are If anything idealistic as COIl trasted all present. 'Vllfl. it must be renders definition difficult individually.e meet has moral. But imspirit may like he nebula not yet be i portant and perpetual solar heat on or or © 2010 Forgotten Books www. well defined. no one will be exempt ishes the cred nee which has been from those laws: Certainlv it callgiven to all of liese classes or beliefs.inz and not opposing each other. Wherever there is magnetic influence direct upon the human life. 'Vhatunrl also not as ilirect but ·ueces$ary ever ('onstitntc~ the soul. l'o ignore such knowlsol vahle by them. It may be mortifying to the pride social. as ar parent as the body. reason. their 1£ it is so. will not alter the edge. but as dividual star:' are only partly defined. a soul of philosophers that there is anywhere and mind. The nebtrology and futune-telliug have at ulous mass is a reality. din ate to the III intal faculties. As. or to des! ise it. maps them ou on his chart. n n mber and localities IU'f! not fiat power that caused its existcue».

light. heart. another step will have been taken in the path way of simplification.org . with a comhi ned ill te llo ctu al force. On questions of conscience' nd t. COlli bi ned with re vol utio 1 in grou ps. through which nerve aet i0 II is carrj ed 01\ and is acce le ra ted. The ancient millions did not require the aid of science. but oth l' stars. whereve~ matter exists. but rather tell lIs to cold criticism. the combination probably acts in every killgdolll. like Illuny other phenomena of the universe. Should it prove to be tr e that heat is not a substance. another instance concentration anti sirn- or Light.he moral sense.llEIS)[ A"<D ATIIEIS)( IN SCIE~ICE. For this ~e!leml syste 1. and w hatever mental action they embrace. as well as general. If this age nth as co-relations with light.Y to celestial movements. heat and electricity play chei parts. di vergcnt system. which prolably include regular orbital tracks for the stars. My progrmn does not require all exhibition of learning beyond what has 11 bearing upon theistical philosophy as seen in nature. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. p 'oducing cohesion. These various function assist each other in giving perpotui . Scientists are Oil the three hold of their in vestigutions of this mysterious relation. like the planets. to discovc. Moderns have learner} much that relates to the vast and glorious heavens: but what is unknown far exceeds what is 1. Beyond this inflnen e upon the earth. Even red ucbion of their nu 111 her renders the stu(ly of them less complex. plieity in nuture is established. At the same til re on a large plan it is necessary to keep lip tile motion of the planets in their orbits. Should it be demonstrated that there is an all-pervading ether. UJOllgh t. Their occuputiou is not specially lmmunitnrir n. and that electricity is th 18 equalized throughout stellar space Gravitation . heat alld electricitv have a correlation as yet only pa~tially llmlel·stood. is a deep-seated source of heat acti II g as a uni versa] dec .uO\ '11.Inch refined science. will present a beautiful simplicity in keeping with many other featl1rflS of the natural world already brought forward. The indications are that such concentrations will be more numerous as knowledge increases. It IS a coalescing. when it is' establishod. throughout earthy particles. and is convertible with force. and not easily understood by those not specialists. scholars are not peculiarly qualified to decide. 33 the surface of the earth I enctratos on-I Iy a short distance. It is not it mere surmise to attribute galva! ic effect~ to solar rays. not fl. In connection with the nervous system.forgottenbooks. more palpably physical activities are derived. As a bundle of facllltieil crowded in to the small space of the brain. Another proof will thus be furnished of superh 11 man contrivance. Snch an explanation. acting ill concert. and their effects eu. The mental processes are capable of a similar simplification. while as groups tIleY are clearly manifest.' a God in nature. only at agency. From this. 110t lH~cessarr to the su bjeet. soul. or to enjoy the beauty of celestial bodies. Ileat and electricity.is local. all powerful.rical exciter. and every departmen t of each of th e mill gen eral and in detail. there is a highly probable theory that the \I biqnitous ether has a circulation in the nerve tissue. a power greater than all is neeeasarv. ag-encies 0 r su bstan ces. are as definitions very vobscure. they are den nite. whatever they arc.rily understood. in its molten interior. The' terms mind. such as enrren s of the atmosphere. yet bx its incessant chnnges is It constan t e ci tet· of terrestri al elee trici tj'. coming to us not from that star only. and of the cean. ?spec' ally in animalund vegetable hfe. Individually these qnali ties. is purposely avoided. may be indistinct. to devise and regulate whit h. which are partly the effect of sdlar heat. ).

there is. What might have been goes for nothing in exact science. BY COL. all th . General Considerations. their religious worship. incl udiug the primordial cells and spores that belong to animal and vegetable life.org . Nothing is known of the builders e cept that which may he inferred fron their structures and the relics found . His life has been devoted to protogelatines or protoplasrn.uts in. on whose dictum sociology principally rests. philosophy and all science comes to 11 halt. Travelers. als carved human heads. before the inscripti ns were deciphered by recent explor rs. Could hermaphrodites breed animals of per- © 2010 Forgotten Books www. regarded as one of natural science.Y. His leading purpose has been the support of a theory of spontaneous or self-generation. a point evenl. but were u nable to agree with Haeckol. this question.describing this people. some of them. 011 the ins ection of these remains 34 a special archaeological Iiterabura has grown up.os of bone or shell. mode of life and social condition. snake and animals. only what was. Th rougho t the valley of the Mississippi are a cient earth works of prehistoric age. may be setHAd. Not a pl Irase or word translut d is known to have been written by tl em. stands at the head of anal vbical chemists. in it" ful est splendor. flint and coppcr. embankments. In the doctrine of divergence Darwin foresaw that when there existed in the remote pust only one pair. imple m .ual ly reached wbere chemistry.THE S:&f AND ATHEIS:&1: IN SCIENOE. mnch had bean written that wa principally inferential. However. effigies.n them. such as mo nds. are extinct. WIHTTLggJ<. it could not exist by developmcnt. At lhbyl n and Nineveh. There are scientists of repututiou in this line who admit of 110 author discoverable in nature who as firmly believe in -the existence of. stone."e en th us instic scien tis ts saw. of J ena. \ ith rude pictorial figures on pieces of s ate or mica: ben. like tit elephant and mastodon. lIe adopted the hypothef'is that there micht have been 'her-maphrodites as the'" ancestors of that pair. the tuound-bu ilders and see 11 umerous designs in their relics as though they had witnessed their labors. Scientists who explore the ru ns at Palmyra come to many valuab e conclusions in regard to their bui ders. Professor Haeckel. ·ho examine the iuscriptions at Han nth without being able to decipher a single word. from which they compose inte esting books. Darwin and Hnxley investigated the same question with equal patience and less bias. based upon e ternnl observations. VIlI.bone. From thejlr camps in the eastern deserts. the sidereal heavens revo ving overhead. yet some of them are nable to see in that dispJay of celes ial mechanism any evidence of an i rtelligent designer. birds. There are only rl lI11I b witnesses. acquire some correct' m pressions of the people who made th m. cnxs.forgottenbooks. like the doctrine of divergence.

and electricity.e inte~ligent power to put evolution in motion. nitrogen and ox)'ge I. which was the last to come ill to existence.. as I have before stated.hat era were chemical. It is an endowment which chemists e ploy. the great number of skillIU chemists and electrjeians who have la ored to produce it chemically w uld 'have succeeded. Sjnce the primordial origin of simple SI bstunces and primeval life. brought into action through th medium of sexuality. segregation a. spontaneous gp. segreg: ion with other imponderables. t nsporbntion and re-arrangement of p rhcles of matter.J gravitation. But their action comes within a neutul domain. therefore the gel11tines and plasrns before t. Such vitalized matter is pre-enwed with the quality of vitalization: w ich is not Hew substance. By force of this difference they are impregnated by contact. nnder a new name. and is the supreme Creator. Protoplasm is not life.ality is ~ot n w matter. hydrogen. Evolution in the animal world was impossible until there were animal existences. In the mineral k ugdom there are wonderful transutations that are traceable to ehemi al activities. which include the solution. but nowhere is there hitherto any mental powe_r. Such is the philosophy of misapplied science. with the same fueulties. but only media neeessary to its propagation. but thus far without success. It IS assoeiated With 1II LHe]'. and ca bon. Great efforts have been made to ob- a d to bring it within the laws of c iernical action. . but chemical a£~ fi ity admits Or no variation. and therefore there m ust he back of this point . ife is capable of variation within th limits of g~l1era. seH-originating. neither are the cells. both as to plants and animals. not vital cornponnds. galvanism. design or contrivances. the reprod nctive cells are different in t. always within the Ii nit of manifest law. Does evolution evolve itself? Did evolution exist he fore there was matter oIany ki nd on which it could act? \V ere the few simple substances evolved? If all these queries should be answered in the affirmative. poll en and ova to be imp gnated. Great efforts have been made to explain away this difference. such a c ation has been effected only by the i terven tion or sex. on this theory. is requisi e. lileratc the quality known as vitality.but which thev cannot change. }~verything prior to the first introduction of life belonged alone to the mineral kingdom. Tl eir success in that direction would be the same as it has been in the origi or vitality by chemical agencies. G rrnination and propagation among pl nts and animals. It is li e force. not a material one. It has not been sho wu that such cl anges. have originated It y simple substance.\ II phenomena of the universe are. either animal or y getable: which li.ller. 11 process not chemical.THEIS~[ AXD ATIlEl )1 IN SCIENCE. require seeds in some form. A material br e. withou t heing itself material.s0111. ation goes back to the origin of all things. deDying a designer in the origin of the mineral kingdom with its n nfathomed mysteries: in the priority of vegetable as to animal life or in the endow men ts of ma. 35 fec t sexu al organ s differell t fro m them-I selves? 'When the existence of sexes is reached in animals.fe or vit. These nctiviti s are not creative.forgottenbooks. with proper conditions. If it were at erwise. galvanism.org . except the limited ones possessed I)y the animal kingdom. and therefore b iug nothing new into existence. © 2010 Forgotten Books www.he male from those in the female.tter which has such wonderful capacity to expand and progress under fixed laws. stimulated by electricit. EvaIu tion an d develop men t do not explai n spontaneous generation. magnetism.

the exercise of the' same fiat wer 'scription difficult indi vidually.structible. Certainly it c nnot what is similar.. definithat first caused its existence. especially in regard to sary to show it. viewed in nent ci vilized countries it is a Ijlberal estimate to allow five thousand who a body. as the brain student does of a supreme regulating analogy frum what is visible of when he maps them out on his chart. claim to be learned persons and" hose These faculties. alter the truths of nature or waken the proofs which exist there in Looking at the qualities of the mind mind. the be resolved. which render de.36 THEIS)1 AXD ATIIEIS)1 IN SCIEXCB.. First.to convey precise In what pertains to ethics. There are others entitl d to ual qualities and facilitates the study consideration. to the ride known. tions are wanting. wealth. Whatever may he the full law eviden t that very few words are eeesof our existence. memory and the mental acti vi ties of which these nre a portio 11. Whatever constitutes the soul. the clouds which rest upon their borThroughout the ten most P omider lines cannot destroy their reality and power as a group. weight outside of their specialty than those of equal general intelligen e. wil 1I0t mental activities where precise definitions are more difficult to formulate. mind In the field of natural law. and of sociology. orals ideas. No display of sophistry can render so plain a truth ob. Besid-s their If it is so it must re luire mystical ontlines. In many departments the argument that on our own.org I . instincts. 'VhcrC\'er there is life the an. while as a grollp the concep. snch as kingWhatever may he beyond our ke I on doms. This leads to a sepbe varied to suit' those who den fuaration of what is unlike in individturity.three hundred millions of peop e. rni d is grouping covers milch that is uuthe ruling power. 'I'here is no departof philosophers that there is anyment of inquiry where this practice is where all intellect greater than t remmore helpfnl than in what pertains to selves . at scure. in gross. To deny such f1 fact be ause it is not solvable by them. no one will be ex mpt of classification is the grouping of from that law. Scholars III this field of necesand religion the opinions of III n of sitV contradict each other. the new gospel of animism. not vet which natural scisneo is base. In natural history the first process its perpetuity. their names. In the place of deity © 2010 Forgotten Books www. eloq nen ce or pol tical Take the emotions. or imal bodv is subordinate to the menabout three millions who con emn tal faculties. like the nebula. to which immortality is esse tial. are as readily perceived as material They live in the midst of nboub objects. Of these who llave of nature. on or spirit may.least one-tenth of whom are as good authority on religious subject. separately. It may be mortifying tion is complete. members and localities tal potency of any and every ki should he the last thing which i deare not well defined. down to other planets or systems. who are dis iples thc spiritual part of humanity. theism and the assumption of Ha ckelThe nebulous mass is a reality though ism.forgottenbooks. orders and so on. there is nothing better defined. The same feature charachitherto lived and died. reason. it is be 'ond species. for. on which sociology is based is so the individual stars are only partially defined. science. generalizations. constitute claims are allowable. affecprominence are entitled to no nore tions. a great I ajorterizes the en tire ran ge of ph ilosophicity had someform of religious elief al and scien tific in vestiga tion. nut like them are capable contest between the philosoph of of being resolved.

or the distinction betwe n is not a s. and cannot do 0. excluhabit. while dom of mind as it acts upon the n a.operations. Indi vidually these perfectly defined boundaries. (2) J. but it has still a place in the not. I£ it is assumed to be better balanced. It is. and one that no brute creature a function of nature. another a higher plane of the moral sen e.correlation as yet only partially unual. if moral group of facuHies. 110t men tal a capacity of development or irnpro e.!l hstance. give him ideas. even should they become a majorit . Erratic minds 0 may he. As III r. Very ref ned arguIIIen ts have been Conscience is a purely mental qunlpu blished to show that speech is not ity. there is a similarity. and oper' te rlerfltood.. III auifest. coupled wi h animals are mechanical. than for the wildest religious doguu s. w batlected power is manifest in the lri g.of the capacity for its developmen t. their c 1. Like socialists in socie y. the whole strnclaw or organization. 01' the fflcn1t y to do t 1e he h as of eyes an dears.org . no mode of reBetween the latter £aculti~ n d cording ideas.complete that there are not traces of gant ideas and theories are easily e. right and wrong. in this respect. TrShould it prov!J to he true that heat a sense. may be inrlistinct. I hold of their investigations of this 'I'hough they are idealities with ot mysterious relation. and of II It is a sufficient definition of COI1there is of law in nature.ever they are. which underlies. ture of moral and intellectual improvement. a. Man has the eludes a group of senses: (1) Co l. The term i 1. only an agency. I insbance of eoncsutration and simplicconnected with a living deity. side of our nature.same need of an articulate voice that mon-sense.I qualities. atheism sweeps HoW Y 'I 'Light. e savage heart. 'They are all sri]' t. It does not with a closer alliance to the 1110 al make a man of him. Scientists are on the thresin harmony with each other. like many other phenom1£ this relation is not supern atur tt.as a group. destroying. ella of the universe. The parrot can be conscience. memory and th t of speech. control those that. or. due to cultivation and not instinct. but an acquired possesses.forgottenbooks. of Me.TilE IS~1 AND TIl]>'I8)1 IY Be IES CE. (3) Reliqiou» 8ell e. relations or su bstances. like reason. science to call it the perception of To accept of this creative ngen y right as contrasted with wrong. Articulate sou uds in man or sively an ill heren t sense. Animals have rude forms merit. CONSCIE~CE.It moral code. not animal qualities. not oily dial law or to incessan b special power. b t tilll~ht to speak words. and is convertible in to force. how is it mai ntained ? \ E very reduction of their n u 111ber 'I'he inference is plain enough t at renders the study of them less com- I © 2010 Forgotten Books www. rirU"htthing in the right way.reason or moral sense. The history of mall kind shows Experience has proven that th'e very few instill] ces of savugery so are temperaments to whom extra.lJ. they are more clearly terial kingdom. but of evolution. al sentiment. of requires an overshadowing faith ad: justice with injustice. such an assu 1lI ption docs not dispose for their inherent qualities are se f. sell timent is COlI veyed.. in this as in so luauy tJwy will not submit to any form f other parallel cases. and good with greater credulity in the unprov n ' evil. there is spontaneous generation r it must be due to a universal primerseJ£-begetting as the origin. however. Low and imperfect it esived as truths. heat and electricity have a the entire g"l'lHlp.itv in nature is established. but Hot logic.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful