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lPph eqPph

tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"Vªh; leUo; dh if=dk

vizSy 2012

ijek.kq ÅtkZ ds eqn~ns ij [kqyk
vkSj yksdrkaf=d laokn D;ksa ugha\

dqMudqye ijek.kq fctyh?kj ds fojks/k esa bfMaBdjbZ]
rfey ukMq esa py jgs miokl ds leFkZu es]a tu
vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;] ijek.kq fu'kL=hdj.k
vkSj 'kkafr ds fy, xBca/ku] vkSj yksd jktuhfr eap
us la;qä :i ls tarj earj] fnYyh] ij MkW lanhi
ik.Ms; ds usr`Ro esa 26 ekpZ ls 1 vçSy 2012 rd
lkr fnolh; miokl dk vkºoku fn;k FkkA
dwMudqye esa iz'kklu }kjk eq[; ekWxsa eku ysus ij
MkW ,l0ih0 mn;dqekj us tc miokl lekIr fd;k
rc MkW ik.Ms; us Hkh 28 ekpZ dks tfLVl jkftUnj
lPpj ds vkxzg ij fnYyh esa vu'ku lekIr fd;kA
2 | lPph eqPph

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vizSy 2012

fo"k; lwph
12345-

ijek.kq ÅtkZ ij laokn D;ksa ugha\------------ 3
loky ewY;ksa dk gS]dkfcfy;r dk ugha---- 7
Bsdsnkjh dk vijkf/kdj.k-----------------------------12
ts:lye dh vksj dwp---------------------------------15
lkfo=hckbZ Qwys vkSj efgyk l'kfDrdj.k--19

lPph eqPph
o"kZ 11 vad 4 vizSy 2012
lEiknd e.My
,l-vkj-nkjkiqjh 9415164845
ukxs'k f=ikBh 9452112004
vjfoUn ewfrZ 9839835032
jksek 9415233583
jktho ;kno 9452800752
'kkguokt+ vkye 9415254919
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com

lykgdkj e.My
es/kk ikVdj] v:.kk jk;] dfork JhokLro]
;ksxUs nz ;kno] vthr >k] jfo fdj.k tSu]
uhykHk feJ]vthr lkgh]tsih flag] MkW lquhye~

O;oLFkkidh; lEidZ%
MkW- lanhi ik.Ms;
,&893] bfUnjk uxj] y[kuÅ&226016-m0iz0
Qksu% 0522&2347365
bZey
s % ashaashram@yahoo.com
foKkiu% nsos'k iVsy 9455037799
forj.k% oYyHkkpk;Z] iznhi flag
^ysvkmV] fMt+kbu]* vkfn%

lh-,u-,l-

www.citizen-news.org

lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 10 ek=
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 100 ek=
okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k euhvkMZj }kjk O;oLFkkidh;
irs ij HkstsaA

3 | lPph eqPph

ijek.kq ÅtkZ ij
yksdrkaf=d laokn
D;ksa ugha\
dqMudqye ijek.kq fctyh?kj ds
fojks/k esa bfMaBdjbZ] rfey ukMq esa
py jgs tq>k: ijek.kq fojks/kh
vfHk;ku ds leFkZu es]a tu
vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh; leUo;]
ijek.kq fu'kL=hdj.k vkSj 'kkafr ds
fy, xBca/ku] vkSj yksd jktuhfr
eap us la;qä :i ls tarj earj]
fnYyh] ij 26 ekpZ ls 1 vçSy
2012 rd lkr fnolh; miokl
dk vkºoku fn;k FkkA tc iz'kklu
us vf/kdkWa'k ekWaxsa eku yh] rc
dqMudqye esa MkW ,l0ih0
mn;dqekj ,oa lkfFk;ksa us] vkSj ubZ
fnYyh esa tfLVl jkftUnj lPpj
ds vkxzg ij MkW lanhi ik.Ms; us
vu'ku rksM+kA
dwMd
+a qye ijek.kq fctyh?kj ds
fojks/k esa psUubZ esa Hkh yksx miokl
ij Fks vkSj eqacbZ esa ç[;kr fQYe
fuekZrk vkuan iVo/kZu nknj jsyos
LVs'ku ds lkeus fojks/k dk usr`Ro
dj jgs FksA y[kuÅ esa vusd
ukxfjd vkSj laxBu us 27 ekpZ
dks ijek.kq fojks/kh vfHk;ku esa
iqjtksj fgLlk fy;k- vf[ky

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vizSy 2012

Hkkjrh; fo|qr vfHk;ark la?k us Hkh
bl ijek.kq fojks/kh vfHk;ku dk
iwjk leFkZu fd;kA
;g foMEcuk gh rks gS fd ,d
rjQ Hkkjr us la;qä jk"Vª
ekuokf/kdkj vk;ksx es]a Jh yadk esa
rfey yksxksa ds Åij gq, vR;kpkj
dk eqík mBk;k gS] ijarq ns'k ds
Hkhrj rfey ukMq esa ijek.kq fctyh
?kj cukus dh ftí ij Hkkjr vM+k
gqvk gS ftldh otg ls rfey
ukMq esa jg jgs yksx [krjukd
ijek.kq nq"ifj.kkeksa dks vkus okys
lkyksa esa Hkqxr ldrs gSaA
ge Hkkjr ljdkj ds xSj
yksdrkfU=d <ax ls ijek.kq ÅtkZ
Fkksius ds ç;kl dk fojks/k djrs
gSaA vejhdk vkSj ;wjksi esa tc Hkkjh
la[;k esa vke yksx lM+d ij
mrkj vk, rc mudh ljdkjksa dks
ijek.kq ÅtkZ R;kxuh iM+h ijarq
Hkkjr esa tc vke yksx ijek.kq
ÅtkZ ij loky mBk jgs gSa rks
mudh vkokt nckus dk ç;kl
fd;k tk jgk gSA
dqMudqye] rfey ukMq ds M‚
mn;dqekj ds usr`Ro esa ijek.kq
ÅtkZ ds fojks/k esa tu vfHk;ku dks
Hkkjr ljdkj us Hkzked vkjksiksa
vkfn }kjk nckus dk iwjk ç;kl
4 | lPph eqPph

;g foMEcuk gh rks gS fd
,d rjQ Hkkjr us la;qä
jk"Vª ekuokf/kdkj vk;ksx
esa] Jh yadk esa rfey
yksxksa ds Åij gq,
vR;kpkj dk eqík mBk;k
gS] ijarq ns'k ds Hkhrj
rfey ukMq esa ijek.kq
fctyh ?kj cukus dh ftí
ij Hkkjr vM+k gqvk gS
ftldh otg ls rfey
ukMq esa jg jgs yksx
[krjukd ijek.kq
nq"ifj.kkeksa dks vkus okys
lkyksa esa Hkqxr ldrs gSaA
fd;k gS tSls fd MkW mn;dqekj dk
vkanksyu fons'kh iSls ls lhapk gq;k
gS ;k fQj og uDlyoknh gSaA ;fn
osa uDly gSa rks fQj rkfey ukMw
eqq[; ea=h muls D;ksa feyha\
ljdkj ij tc dksbZ dfBu loky
mBkus yxrk gS rks og vDlj ,sls
gh Hkzked vkjksi yxkrh gS] ,slk gh
dqN MkW0 fcuk;d lsu ds lkFk
gq;k FkkA

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vizSy 2012

jgk iz'u fons'kh iSls dk rks M‚
mn;dqekj us viuh laifÙk dk
C;ksjk lkoZtfud fd;k gS vkSj
muds ikl ^,Q-lh-vkj-,-* gh ugha
gS ftlls ^fons'kh iSlk* fy;k tk
ldsA ;g Hkh lkQ tkfgj gS fd
Hkkjr ljdkj Lo;a ^fons'kh* rkdrksa
¼tSls fd vejhdk] :l] vkfn½ ds
lkFk feytqy dj lSU;hdj.k vkSj
ijek.kq dk;ZØe c<+k jgh gSA
Hkkjr ljdkj us ,d teZu
ukxfjd dks ftlus 'kkafriwoZd
dqMudqye ijek.kq ÅtkZ fojks/kh
vfHk;ku esa Hkkx fy;k Fkk] mldks
idM+ dj okfil teZuh Hkst fn;kA
8 ekpZ 2012 dks Hkkjr ljdkj us
,d tkikuh ukxfjd dk ohlk Hkh
jí dj fn;kA ^xzhuihl* ds
fuea=.k ij Qqdqf'kek]tkiku esa 11
ekpZ 2011 dks gqbZ ijek.kq nq?kZVuk
>sys gq, ek;k dksck;k'kh dks Hkkjr
ljdkj us 15 Qjojh 2012 dks
^fctusl* ohlk fn;k Fkk ftlls fd
oks Hkkjr esa ,d lIrkg vk dj
txg&txg vk;ksftr dk;ZØeksa esa
ijek.kq fofdj.k vkfn [krjksa ds
ckjs esa crk ldsAa ijarq 8 ekpZ
2012 dks Hkkjr us mudk ohlk gh
jí dj fn;kA

5 | lPph eqPph

vc fodflr nqfu;k ;g
ekuus yxh gS fd fuEu pkj
dkj.kksa ls ukfHkdh; ÅtkZ
dk dksbZ Hkfo"; ugha gS% ¼1½
bldk vR;kf/kd [kphZyk
gksuk] ¼2½ euq"; LokLF; o
i;kZoj.k ds fy, [krjukd]
¼3½ ukfHkdh; 'kL= ds çlkj
esa bldh Hkwfedk ls tqM+s
[krjs] o ¼4½ jsfM;ks/kehZ
dpjs ds nh?kZdkfyd
fuiVkjs dh pqukSrhA
,d rjQ+ ljdkj ijek.kq ÅtkZ?kjksa
esa lqj{kk O;oLFkk dk ne Hkjrh gS
vkSj nwljh rjQ tks tkikuh
ukxfjd ijek.kq jsfM;ks/kfeZrk ds
ckjs esa vki&chrh lqukus vk jgh
Fkh mldk ohlk jn~n djrh gSA
ge ljdkj ds vke yksxksa dks
xqejkg djus dk vkSj ijek.kq
dk;ZØe esa ikjnf'kZrk ugha j[kus
dk Hkjld fojks/k djrs gSaA
vc fodflr nqfu;k ;g ekuus
yxh gS fd fuEu pkj dkj.kksa ls
ukfHkdh; ÅtkZ dk dksbZ Hkfo";

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vizSy 2012

ugha gS% ¼1½ bldk vR;kf/kd
[kphZyk gksuk] ¼2½ euq"; LokLF; o
i;kZoj.k ds fy, [krjukd] ¼3½
ukfHkdh; 'kL= ds çlkj esa bldh
Hkwfedk ls tqM+s [krjs] o ¼4½
jsfM;ks/kehZ dpjs ds nh?kZdkfyd
fuiVkjs dh pqukSrhA
Hkkjr dks ukfHkdh; ÅtkZ dk
fodYi <w¡<uk pkfg, tks brus
[kphZys o [krjukd u gksAa iquiZzkI;
ÅtkZ ds lalk/ku] tSls lkSj] iou]
ck;ksekl] ck;ksxSl] vkfn] gh
lek/kku çnku dj ldrs gSa ;g
eku dj ;wjksi o tkiku rks bl
{ks= esa xEHkhj 'kks/k dj jgs gSaA
Hkkjr dks Hkh pkfg, fd bu
fodflr ns'kksa ds vuqHko ls lh[krs
gq, ukfHkdh; ÅtkZ ds {ks= esa
vejhdk o ;wjksi dh dEifu;ksa dk
cktkj cuus ds ctk, ge Hkh
iquiZzkI; ÅtkZ lalk/kuksa ij gh
viuk /;ku dsfUær djsaA Hkkjr dks
,slh ÅtkZ uhfr viukuh pkfg,
ftlesa dkcZu mRltZu u gks vkSj
ijek.kq fofdj.k ds [krjs Hkh u gksA
Hkkjr esa fctyh forj.k ds nkSjku
30 izfr'kr fctyh O;FkZ gks tkrh
gSA vU; ns'kksa esa forj.k esa 7&8
izfr'kr gh fctyh O;FkZ gksrh gSA
;fn flQZ forj.k esa O;FkZ tk jgh
30 izfr'kr fctyh dk vk/kk Hkh
6 | lPph eqPph

Hkkjr esa fctyh forj.k ds
nkSjku 30 izfr'kr fctyh
O;FkZ gks tkrh gSA ;fn flQZ
forj.k esa O;FkZ tk jgh 30
izfr'kr fctyh dk vk/kk Hkh
cpk fy;k tk, rks orZeku
esa Hkkjr dks fey jgh dqy
ijek.kq ÅtkZ ls 5&6 xq.kk
vf/kd fctyh fey tk,A
cpk fy;k tk, rks orZeku esa Hkkjr
dks fey jgh dqy ijek.kq ÅtkZ ls
5&6 xq.kk vf/kd fctyh fey
tk,A
ge Hkkjr ljdkj ls vihy djrs
gSa fd ijek.kq ÅtkZ ds eqís ij
yksdrkfU=d rjhds ls [kqyh cgl
djok, vkSj tc rd ;g loZ
lEefr ls fu.kZ; ugha gksrk fd
Hkkjr dks ijek.kq dk;ZØe pyuk
pkfg, ;k ugha] ijek.kq dk;ZØe dks
LFkfxr djsA

vf[ky Hkkjr fo|qr vfHk;ark
la?k] tu vkanksyuksa dk jk"Vªh;
leUo;] ijek.kq fu'kL=hdj.k
vkSj 'kkafr ds fy, xBca/ku]
vkSj yksd jktuhfr eap

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vizSy 2012

loky ewY;ksa dk gS]
dkfcfy;r dk ugha
vjfoan dstjhoky ds
c;ku fd gekjs tu izfrfuf/k Hkz"V]
gR;kjs o cykRdkjh gSa ij coky
ep x;kA dqN lkaln mu ij
voekuuk dk eqdnek pykuk
pkgrs gSaA vjfoan fdlh Hkh ifj.kke
dks >syus dks rS;kj gSaA
ftl fnu vjfoan dk ;g
c;ku vk;k mlh fnu m-iz- esa
jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k LokLF; fe'ku esa
gq, ?kksVys ds lEc) cM+h la[;k esa
eq[; fpfdRlk vf/kdkfj;ksa ds ;gka
Nkis iM+us dk Hkh lekpkj vk;kA
v..kk gtkjs ds vkanksyu esa dbZ
ckj tu izfrfuf/k;ksa ds vui<+ gksus
;k de i<+k&fy[kk gksus dks ysdj
izfrdwy fVIif.k;ka dh xbZaA
vkj{k.k dh O;oLFkk dh Hkh f[kapkbZ
dh xbZaA ,slk dgk x;k fd ftl
izdkj lsok {ks= ds inksa ds fy,
p;u dh izfdz;k esa fdlh
ijh{kk@lk{kkRdkj esa mRrh.kZ gksuk
t:jh gksrk gS mlh rjg tu
izfrfuf/k;ksa ds fy, Hkh mudh
dkfcfy;r dk ewY;kadu djus ds
fy, dksbZ ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djuk

vc jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k LokLF;
fe'ku esa irk py jgk gS fd
bUgha vR;kf/kd dkfcy yksxksa
us vius is'ks ds lkFk&lkFk
lekt dks Hkh /kks[kk fn;kA
muds ykyp dh dksbZ lhek
gh ugha jghA ftl lekt esa
mlds lcls dkfcy yksx gh
lkewfgd :i ls brus cM+s
iSekus ij Hkz"V gks x, gksa
ogka ge D;k mEehn dj
ldrs gSa\
t:jh gksuk pkfg,A vc lcdks
ekywe gS fd fpfdRld cuus ds
fy, fdrus ikiM+ csyus iM+rs gSaA
igys fpfdRlk fo'ofo|ky;ksa esa
nkf[kyk vR;ar eqf'dy vkSj fQj
i<+kbZ esa vR;kf/kd ifjJe djuk
iM+rk gSA ;g lcds cl dh ckr
ughaA fQj fpfdRlk dks rks ekuo
lsok dh loksZRRe Js.kh esa j[kk x;k
gS tgka fpfdRld dks Hkxoku ds
ckn dk ntkZ fn;k x;k gSA

vc jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k LokLF;
fe'ku esa irk py jgk gS fd bUgha
vR;kf/kd dkfcy yksxksa us vius
is'ks ds lkFk&lkFk lekt dks Hkh
/kks[kk fn;kA muds ykyp dh dksbZ
lhek gh ugha jghA ftl lekt esa
mlds lcls dkfcy yksx gh
lkewfgd :i ls brus cM+s iSekus
ij Hkz"V gks x, gksa ogka ge D;k
mEehn dj ldrs gSa\
gekjh laln o fo/kku
lHkk,a rks lekt dk izfrfcac gSaA
gekjs tu izfrfuf/k ogka lekt ds
vijk/khdj.k vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj dk
izfrfuf/kRo Hkh dj jgs gSaA ftl
Hkz"Vkpkj o vijk/khdj.k ds
f[kykQ vjfoan dstjhoky o muds
lkFkh dej dls gq, gSa og vc
flQZ lnu ds lnL;ksa rd lhfer
ugha jg x;k gSA mlus lekt esa
cgqr xgjh iSB cuk yh gSA og
gekjs bnZ&fxnZ Hkh ekStwn gSA mlls
yM+uk T;knk dfBu gS Bhd mlh
rjg ls tSls vaxzstksa ls yM+uk
vklku Fkk ysfdu Hkkjrh; 'kkldksa
ls yM+uk FkksM+k dfBuA
v..kk gtkjs ds vkanksyu
esa ;g tks ,d /kkj.kk dks cy
feyk gS fd gekjs tu izfrfuf/k

8 | lPph eqPph

v..kk gtkjs ds vkanksyu
esa ;g tks ,d /kkj.kk dks
cy feyk gS fd gekjs tu
izfrfuf/k dkfcy ugha gSa
;g iwjk lR; ugha gSA
ftudks ge dkfcy ekurs
gSa mUgksaus rks cgqr fujk'k
fd;k gSA
dkfcy ugha gSa ;g iwjk lR; ugha
gSA ftudks ge dkfcy ekurs gSa
mUgksua s rks cgqr fujk'k fd;k gSA
vc f'k{kk dh n`f"V ls MkW eueksgu
flag ls T;knk dkfcy dkSu gks
ldrk gS\ fdUrq iz/kku ea=h ds :i
esa muds dk;Z ij reke iz'u fpUg
[kM+s gq, gSaA mUgksaus Hkz"Vkpkj dks
jksdus esa dksbZ izHkkoh Hkwfedk ugha
fuHkkbZ cfYd tkurs gq, Hkh
Hkz"Vkpkj gksus fn;kA vkfFkZd
uhfr;ka ,slh viukbZa fd vehj rks
vkSj lEiUu gks x;k vkSj xjhc
vkSj
ykpkjA
fdlkuksa
dh
vkRegR;k] cPpksa ds dqiks"k.k ;k
egaxkbZ dk muds ikl dksbZ
lek/kku ughaA

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vizSy 2012

vly esa Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM+
rks gekjh f'k{kk O;oLFkk esa gSA
gekjh f'k{kk O;oLFkk gh gesa
Hkz"Vkpkj ds rjhds fl[kkrh gSA ;g
gesa lkFkh balku ds izfr laosnughu
Hkh cukrh gSA ;g gesa bruk LokFkhZ
cuk nsrh gS fd ge O;fDrxr :i
ls bZekunkj gksrs gq, Hkh viuh
vka[kksa ds lkeus gksus okys Hkz"Vkpkj]
tc rd og lh/ks gesa izHkkfor u
dj jgk gks] dks cjnk'r djuk
lh[k tkrs gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy,
jsy esa fVdV ijh{kd ;k fQj
pkSjkgs ij iqfy; okys }kjk okguksa
ls ?kwl fy;k tkukA ;nk&dnk gh
dksbZ gLr{ksi djrk gSA dksbZ djsxk
Hkh rks T;knkrj yksx mls csodwQ
le>saxsA lkspx
sa s vius dke ls
eryc j[kuk pkfg,] nwljs ds
ekeys esa Vkax vM+kus dh D;k
t:jr gS\
ns[kk tk, rks vui<+ ;k
de i<+k fy[kk balku gh viuk
dke iwjh bZekunkjh ls dj jgk gSA
og vius dke esa xq.koRrk ds lkFk
fcYdqy le>kSrk ugha djrkA og
f'kf{kr dh rjg u rks Hkz"Vkpkj
djrk gS u gh dkepksjhA vly esa
ns[kk tk, rks gekjs lekt dh /kqjh
;gh de i<+k fy[kk balku gS
ftldh esgur ls gekjh ewyHkwr
HkkSfrd vko';drk,a iwjh gksrh gSaA
9 | lPph eqPph

vly esa Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM+ rks
gekjh f'k{kk O;oLFkk esa gSA
gekjh f'k{kk O;oLFkk gh gesa
Hkz"Vkpkj ds rjhds fl[kkrh gSA
;g gesa lkFkh balku ds izfr
laosnughu Hkh cukrh gSA ;g
gesa bruk LokFkhZ cuk nsrh gS
fd ge O;fDrxr :i ls
bZekunkj gksrs gq, Hkh viuh
vka[kksa ds lkeus gksus okys
Hkz"Vkpkj] tc rd og lh/ks gesa
izHkkfor u dj jgk gks] dks
cjnk'r djuk lh[k tkrs gSaA
etsnkj ckr ;g gS fd ftl
fdlku dk iSnk fd;k ge [kkrs gSa]
ftl tqykgs ds cqus diM+s igurs gSa
;k fQj ftl jktfeL=h ds cuk,
?kj esa fcuk fdlh fgpfdpkgV ds
jgrs gS muls ge dHkh mudh
dkfcfy;r ;k vuqHko ugha iwNrsA
ge cl mu ij lgt :i ls
fo'okl dj ysrs gSaA gesa ekywe gS
fd os viuk dke Bhd rjhds ls
gh djrs gSaA
rks ns[kk tk, rks i<+kbZ
fy[kkbZ dk rks dkfcfy;r ls dksbZ

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vizSy 2012

ns[kk tk, rks vui<+ ;k de
i<+k fy[kk balku gh viuk dke
iwjh bZekunkjh ls dj jgk gSA
og vius dke esa xq.koRrk ds
lkFk fcYdqy le>kSrk ugha
djrkA og f'kf{kr dh rjg u
rks Hkz"Vkpkj djrk gS u gh
dkepksjhA vly esa ns[kk tk,
rks gekjs lekt dh /kqjh ;gh
de i<+k fy[kk balku gS ftldh
esgur ls gekjh ewyHkwr HkkSfrd
vko';drk,a iwjh gksrh gSaA

etsnkj ckr ;g gS fd ftl
fdlku dk iSnk fd;k ge
[kkrs gSa] ftl tqykgs ds cqus
diM+s igurs gSa ;k fQj ftl
jktfeL=h ds cuk, ?kj esa
fcuk fdlh fgpfdpkgV ds
jgrs gS muls ge dHkh
mudh dkfcfy;r ;k vuqHko
ugha iwNrsA ge cl mu ij
lgt :i ls fo'okl dj
ysrs gSaA gesa ekywe gS fd os
viuk dke Bhd rjhds ls gh
djrs gSAa

ysuk nsuk gh ugha gS] bZekunkjh
vkSj fu"Bk ls rks vkSj Hkh de
fj'rk gSA v..kk gtkjs dh [kqn dh
f'k{kk dksbZ fo'ks"k ugha gSA ysfdu
vkt muls dgha T;knk i<+s fy[ks
yksx mUgsa viuk vkn'kZ ekurs gSaA

fn[kkbZ iM+rh gSA i<+s fy[ks balku
us rks lekt dks /kks[kk fn;k gSA
mlus flQZ vius fgrksa dks lk/kus
dk dke fd;k gSA

vly esa ge ftldks
dkfcfy;r dg jgsa gSa os dqN
ekuoh; ewY; gSa tks gekjs vkn'kZ
gSaA gesa bZekunkj O;fDr pkfg,A
gesa fu"Bkoku O;fDr pkfg,A og
i<+k fy[kk Hkh gks ldrk gS vkSj
vui<+ HkhA oSls ns[kus esa rks ;g
vk jgk gS fd de i<+s fy[ks yksxksa
esa bZekunkjh T;knk ikbZ tkrh gSA
vxj dksbZ mEehn gS rks ;gha
10 | lPph eqPph

gesa ,sls tu izfrfuf/k
pkfg, ftudh vk/kqfud f'k{kk ds
vFkZ esa dkfcfy;r Hkys gh de gks
ysfdu mudh Nfo v..kk gtkjs dh
rjg csnkx gksA ftuesa uSfrd
lkgl gks fd xyr dk fojks/k dj
ldsa vkSj ftudh fu"Bk ns'k ds
vke ukxfjdksa ds izfr gks u fd
ns'kh&fons'kh iawthifr;ksa ds izfrA
tks viuk thou lkekU; vkSj
ikjn'khZ rjhds ls fuokZg djrs gksAa

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

ftuds vk; ds lzksrksa dh turk dks
lkQ tkudkjh gksA
ftUgsa viuh lqj{kk ds fy,
gfFk;kjksa dh t:jr u iM+sA fcuk
vkj{k.k dk ykHk fy, viuh
dkfcfy;r ds vk/kkj ij dksbZ
fo'ks"k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ p;fur O;fDr
esa ;s xq.k ekStwn gksa ,slk t:jh
ugha gSA

MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;

11 | lPph eqPph

gesa ,sls tu izfrfuf/k pkfg,
ftudh vk/kqfud f'k{kk ds vFkZ
esa dkfcfy;r Hkys gh de gks
ysfdu mudh Nfo v..kk gtkjs
dh rjg csnkx gksA ftuesa
uSfrd lkgl gks fd xyr dk
fojks/k dj ldsa vkSj ftudh
fu"Bk ns'k ds vke ukxfjdksa ds
izfr gks u fd ns'kh&fons'kh
iawthifr;ksa ds izfrA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

Bsdsnkjh ds vijkf/kdj.k dks
jktuhfrd laj{k.k d;ksa\
lksuHkæ] m-ç- esa
27 Qjojh 2012
dks xSj&dkuwuh
<ax ls py jgh
[knkuksa esa de
ls de 12 [kuu
etnwjksa dh e`R;q
gks x;h vkSj
gky gh esa e/;
çns'k esa vkbZ-ih,l- vf/kdkjh
ujsæa flag dh
gR;k gks x;hA
blh eqís ij 19 ekpZ dks y[kuÅ
fLFkr yksfg;k Hkou esa ,d lHkk
vk;ksftr dh x;h ftlesa vkxs ds
vfHk;ku ij fopkj gq;k ftlls fd
xSj&dkuwuh rjhds ls gks jgs [kuu
ij jksd yxs] tks yksx lksuHkæ
[kuu gknls ds fy, ftEesnkj gSa
muij dkjokbZ gks] vkfnA
bl esa voS| [kuu gknls ds fy,
ftEesnkj ç'kklfud vf/kdkfj;ks]a
tuçfrfuf/k;ks]a
i=dkjks]a
ds
f[kykQ dk;Zokgh ds fy, j.kuhfr
r; dh x;hA 5 o 6 vçSy dks

çfl) Hkw&oSKkfud Jh/kj dh
vxqok;h esa ,d mPpLrjh; tkap
ny [kuu {ks= dh tkap djus
vk;sxkA fot; fouhr us crk;k fd
lcls nq[kn fLFkfr tuin esa dqN
feMh;k dfeZ;ksa dh gS tks Lo;a bl
/ka/ks esa fyIr gSa vkSj etnwjksa dh
yk'kksa ij viuh frtksfj;ka Hkj jgs
gSaA ljdkj ls ;g ekax dh x;h gS
fd og ,sls i=dkjksa ds ukeksa dk
[kqyklk djsA ;fn ;g [kqyklk ugha
fd;k tkrk rks ;g [kqyklk
vnkyr ds ek/;e ls djk;k
tk;sxkA ;g ;gka dk cPpk&cPpk
tkurk gS fd fcYyh&ekjdq.Mh esa

jsyos ykbZu ds fdukjs jkligjh esa
fgUnqLrku daLVªD'ku daiuh dh can
gks pqdh [knku ij 'kkjnk eafnj ds
ihNs lesr dbZ LFkkuksa ij iRFkj o
[kSjfV;k] vkfn LFkkuksa ij
dkSu&dkSu ls i=dkj iRFkj o
ckyw dk voS| [kuu djk jgs gSaA
bl lHkk esa lksuHkæ ds ofj"B
i=dkj fot; fouhr ftuds lkFk
ouoklh vkSj jk"Vªh; ou tu
Jethoh eap vkSj tu vkanksyuksa ds
jk"Vªh; leUo; ls tqM+s lkekftd
dk;ZdrkZ Hkh gSa] mifLFkr jgsA
fot; fouhr 16 ekpZ 2012 dks
miokl ij cSBs Fks D;ksafd lksuHkæ
esa gks jgh xSj&dkuwuh [kuu vHkh
rd ugha #dk gS vkSj tks yksx] 27
Qjojh 2012 ds gknls ds fy,
ftEesnkj gSa] muij dkjokbZ ugha
gqbZ gSA ftyk ç'kklu us nks g¶rs
dk le; ekaxk rc i=dkj fot;
fouhr us miokl rksM+kA
fot; fouhr us crk;k fd bl
voS| [kuu ds [ksy dks iwjh rkSj
ij jktuhfrd laj{k.k çkIr gSA
lksuHkæ esa Hkktik ds iwoZ jk"Vªh;
v/;{k jktukFk flag] dkaxzsl ds iwoZ
ea=h cPpk ikBd] clik ds izns'k
v/;{k Lokeh çlkn ekS;kZ lesr
lik ds dbZz egRoiw.kZ inkf/kdkfj;ksa
o muds lxs lacfU/k;ksa }kjk oS|
13 | lPph eqPph

yht ds uke ij voS| [kuu
djk;k tk jgk gSA bl [ksy esa iwoZ
[kuu ea=h ckcwflag dq'okgk] vkjih
tSloky] clik fo/kk;d mek”kadj
flag lesr ckgwcyh ,e,ylh
fouhr flag o lkaln /kuat; flag
tSls yksx [kqyk laj{k.k ns jgs gSaA
lik ds iwoZ ds dk;Zdky esa tks
ijfeV pkj lkS #i;s dk feyuk
pkfg;s mls ohvkbZih “kqYd ds uke
ij c<+k dj lkr lkS ls X;kjg lkS
#i;s rd olwyk x;kA clik dh
ljdkj curs gh pkj lkS #i;s ds
LFkku ij ckbZl lkS ipkl #i;s
fy;k tkus yxkA blds pyrs
iRFkj ,oa ckyw ds voS| [kuu esa
lkjh lhek;sa ikj dj x;haA

gekjh ekaxs
1- voS| [kuu ds ekeys esa
lhchvkbZ dh tkap dh tk,A
2- lHkh vkjksfir 16 yksxksa ij
ftuds mij çkFkfedh ntZ dh xbZ
gS mUgsa fxj¶rkj fd;k tk,A

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

3- voS| [kuu ds lEcU/k esa ftrus
Hkh vf/kdkjh fyIr gS tks fd
jktLo] oufoHkkx] [kuu] JefoHkkx
ds ofj"B vf/kdkfj;ksa esa ls gSa
muij gR;k o ywV dk eqdnek
ntZ fd;k tk,A
4- bu voS| [kknkuksa esa fyIr
i=dkjksa ds ukeksa dk [qkyklk fd;k
tk, o muds mij vkijkf/kd
eqdneksa ds lkFk lkFk gR;k dk
eqdnek ntZ dj tsy Hkstk tk,A
5- lksuHkæ o taxyksa esa gks jgh
reke voS| [kuu ds lEcU/k esa
'osr i= tkjh fd;k tk, o iRFkj
,oa ckyw reke [knkuksa dks can
fd;k tk,A

6- xjhc etnwjksa ds Jevf/kdkjksa
dh lqj{kk dh tk,] mudks iath—r
fd;k tk,] muds oukf/kdkjksa dks
fn;k tk,] y?kqouksit ij
oufoHkkx ds fua;=.k dks lekIr
fd;k tk,] ^eujsxk* ds rgr xjhc
xzkeh.k ifjokjksa dks iwjs o"kZ jkstxkj
miyC/k djk;k tk, rkfd ;g
etnwj lEekutud thou th lds
vkSj bl rjg ds voS| [kknkuksa esa
vlqjf{kr jkstxkj djus ij etcwj
u gksAa

jksek
vkSj
'kkark Hkêkpk;Z

lksuHkæ o taxyksa esa gks
jgh reke voS| [kuu ds
lEcU/k esa 'osr i= tkjh
fd;k tk, o reke [knkuksa
dks can fd;k tk,A

14 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

ts:lye dh vksj dwp
fnlEcj 2010
o tuojh 2011 esa
,f'k;k ls xktk igyk
dkjoka fudkyus ds
ckn vc Hkkjr ls
ts:lye ds fy,
nwljk dkjoka jokuk gks
x;k gSA fiNyh ckj
dh gh rjg] jkt?kkV
ls 9 ekpZ] 2012] dks
izkjEHk gqvk ;g dkjoka
ikfdLrku] bZjku] rqdhZ
o yscuku ls xqtjsxkA
bl o"kZ ;g dkjoka ,d
varjkZ"Vªh;
dk;Zdze
^Xykscy
ekpZ
Vw
ts:lye^ dk fgLlk
gS ftlds varxZr
nqfu;k Hkj ls yksx 30
ekpZ]
2012]
dks
ts:lye esa ,df=r gksx
a sA bl
dk;Zdze dk mn~ns'; ts:lye dks
vktkn djkuk gS vkSj blesa vjc]
xSj&vjc] eqfLye] xSj&eqfLye]
dk;ZdrkZ] lkekU; ukxfjd] lHkh
rjg ds yksx Hkkx ysaxsA
;g ns[krs gq, fd btjkby
fQyhLrhfu;ksa dks Hkh ts:lye esa
izos'k ugha djus nsrk bldh

lEHkkouk rks cgqr de gS fd
nqfu;k Hkj ls ,df=r yksxksa dks
og ts:lye igqapus nsxk vFkok
viuh lhek esa Hkh izos'k djus
nsxkA blfy, ;g r; gqvk gS fd
btjkby dh lhek ds vanj tks
yksx gSa os ogha fojks/k izn'kZu djsx
a s
vkSj vU; ns'kksa ls vkus okys yksx
fQyhLrhu ds iM+ksl ds fdlh ns'k]
tSl]s yscuku] tkMZu] feJ vkSj

lhfj;k] esa ,df=r gksdj viuk
leFkZu trk,axsA 30 ekpZ dks bu
iM+slh ns'kksa esa ,df=r yksx
ts:lye igqapus ds mn~ns'; ls
btjkby dh lhek dh vksj c<+x
sa sA
blds vykok nqfu;k Hkj esa
btjkbyh nwrkoklksa ds lkeus o
lkoZtfud LFkkuksa ij izn'kZu gksx
a sA
tkfgj gS fd ;g dk;Zdze fiNys
o"kZ vjc nqfu;k esa gq, vkanksyuksa
dh izsj.kk ls r; fd;k x;k gS vkSj
mEehn dh tk jgh gS fd tSls
vjc nqfu;k esa txg txg yksx
lM+dksa ij fudy dj vk, mlh
Hkkafr btjkby ds vR;kpkj ds
f[kykQ Hkh os mB [kM+s gksx
a sA
fQyhLrhuh ukxfjdksa ds fy,
'kk;n bl iwjs bykds esa btjkby
ls T;knk dzwj ljdkj dksbZ ugha
gksxhA ;g ns[krs gq, fd btjkby
fQyhLrhfu;ksa
ds
f[kykQ
vR;k/kqfud [krjukd gfFk;kjksa dk
bLrseky djrk gS fQyhLrhfu;ksa
dk la?k"kZ dkQh 'kkafriwodZ <ax ls
lapkfyr gqvk gSA bafrQknk dh
vfgalk ds izfr fu"Bk Fkh vkSj og
u flQZ ,d tu vkanksyu cuk
cfYd nqfu;k Hkj ls mlds fy,
leFkZu tqVkA ts:lye ds fy,
fudys dkjoka dh Hkh vfgalk esa
fu"Bk gSA ;g dksbZ la;ksx ugha fd
fiNys o"kZ vjc nqfu;k esa gq,
fonzksg esa yhfc;k dks NksM+ yksxksa
16 | lPph eqPph

dh rjQ ls dgha fgalk ugha gqbZA
yksxksa us ;g lkfcr fd;k fd
mudh yksdra= esa viuh ljdkjksa
ls T;knk vkLFkk gSA
30 ekpZ dks fQyhLrhu
Hkwfe fnol euk;k tkrk gSA 1976
es]a fQyhLrhu dks 1948 esa
btjkby }kjk gfFk;k fy, tkus ds
ckn] btjkby us vjcksa ij lcls
Hkh"k.k geyk fd;k] ftlesa
dgha&dgha rks VSad xkoksa esa izos'k
dj x,A ;g lc blfy, fd
fQyhLrhfu;ksa us btjkby ds ,d
Hkwfe lEcaf/kr xSj dkuwuh dne ds
fojks/k esa gM+rky dk vkg~oku fd;k
FkkA mlds ckn ls fQyhLrhfu;ksa
dk lrr mRihM+u tkjh gSA viuh
tehu ls csn[ky] ml ij xSj
dkuwuh btjkbyh cfLr;ksa dk
fuekZ.k] vius gh eqYd es]a ftldks
nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h [kqyh tsy
dgk tkrk gS] jgus ds fy, etcwj]
fQyhLrhfu;ksa ij btjkbfy;ksa us
dgj cjik gSA ts:lye dh rjg
txg&txg ,slh nhokjsa cuk nh
xbZ gSa ftudh otg ls
fQyhLrhfu;ksa ds vkus tkus ij
izfrca/k yxk fn;k x;k gSA 1948 esa
fQyhLrhu ds T;knkrj HkwHkkx ij
vjc jgrs Fks vkSj dqN ;gwnh FksA
vkt fLFkfr myV xbZ gSA vk/ks ls
T;knk vjcksa dks fQyhLrhu ls

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

iyk;u djuk iM+k gSA nqfu;k Hkj
ls ;gwnh ;gka vk dj cl x, gSa
vkSj fQyhLrhfu;ksa dks xktk iV~Vh
o osLV cSad ds NksVs bykdksa esa
lhfer dj fn;k x;k gSA 'ks"k
fQyhLrhuh nqfu;k ds dqN eqYdksa
esa 'kj.kkFkhZ cu dj jg jgsa gSa vkSj
bl ckr dk bartkj dj jgs gSa fd
fQyhLrhu vktn gks vkSj rc os
okil ykSVAsa
ts:lye dk
;gwfn;ksa] bZlkb;ksa o eqlyekuksa]
rhuksa ds fy, gh /kkfeZd] lkaLd`frd
o jktuhfrd egRo gS fdUrq
btjkby bldk pfj= ifjorZu dj
jgk gSA btjkby ts:lye dk
;gwnhdj.k dj jgk gS tks bZlkb;ksa
o eqlyekuksa dks Lohdk;Z ugha gSA
,d vkn'kZ lek/kku ;g gS fd bl
,sfrgkfld
'kgj
dks
;gwnh&bZlkbZ&eqlyeku
lk>k
fojklr ds :i esa ekusaA fdUrq ;g
btjkby dks ekU; ughaA vr% ;fn
dksbZ bl {ks= dh v'kkafr ds fy,
ftEesnkj gS rks og btjkby gSA
iwoZ esa vejhdk dh e/;LFkrk ls
'kkafr okrkZ esa r; lek/kkuksa dks
ckn esa btjkby us ,d ls T;knk
ckj ekuus ls euk dj fn;kA os
fQyhLrhfu;ksa dks cjkcjh dk ntkZ
nsus dks fcYdqy Hkh rS;kj ugha gSaA
os ts:lye o fQyhLrhu ij iwjk
fu;a=.k pkgrs gSaA
17 | lPph eqPph

^iwoZ ts:lye esa yxkrkj
ubZ cfLr;ksa ds fuekZ.k rFkk
yEcs le; ls jg jgs
fQyhLrhfu;ksa dk tcju
foLFkkiu ,d vlguh;
fLFkfr iSnk dj jgk gS
ftlds dqy feyk dj izHkko
dks uLyh; vk/kkj ij lQkbZ
dgk tk ldrk gSA ;g
la;qDr jk"Vª la?k esa ikfjr
fQyhLrhu ekeys ij izLrkoksa
o varjk"Vªªh; dkuwuksa dk
mYya?ku gS*
fQyhLrhu ekeys ij
la;qDr jk"Vª la?k }kjk fu;qDr
fo'ks"k jiVdrkZ fjpMZ QkWd ds
vuqlkj iwoZ ts:lye esa yxkrkj
ubZ cfLr;ksa ds fuekZ.k rFkk yEcs
le; ls jg jgs fQyhLrhfu;ksa dk
tcju foLFkkiu ,d vlguh;
fLFkfr iSnk dj jgk gS ftlds dqy
feyk dj izHkko dks uLyh; vk/kkj
ij lQkbZ dgk tk ldrk gSA ;g
la;qDr jk"Vª la?k esa ikfjr
fQyhLrhu ekeys ij izLrkoksa o
varjk"Vªªh; dkuwuksa dk mYya?ku gSA
fdUrq vejhdk o ;wjksi ds vU;

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

igyh ckj bfrgkl esa
,d fnu] 30 ekpZ] dks
fQyhLrhu o mlds
pkjksa vksj fLFkr eqYdksa
esa nqfu;k Hkj ls yksx
,df=r gksdj
fQyhLrhu o mldh
izLrkfor jkt/kkuh
ts:lye dh vktknh
dh ekax djsaxsA
ns'kksa dh ljdkjksa }kjk btjkby
dks yxkrkj fn, tk jgs leFkZu ds
dkj.k la;qDr jk"Vª la?k ;k fdlh
Hkh varjkZ"Vªh; laLFkk ds fy,
fQyhLrhu ekeys ij dk;Zokgh dj
btjkby }kjk tkjhs ekuokf/kdkj
guu dks jksd ikus esa lQyrk ugha
izkIr gqbZ gSA
ftu egRoiw.kZ O;fDr;ksa
}kjk ts:lye dh vksj dwp
dk;Zdze dk leFkZu fd;k tk jgk
gS mlesa ukscy
s 'kkafr iqjLdkj
fotsrk vkdZfc'ki Msle.M VwVw o
ek;jhM eSDxk;j rFkk Hkkjrh;
18 | lPph eqPph

izfl) gfLr;ka Lokeh vfXuos'k]
es/kk ikVdj] tfLVl jkftUnj
lPpj] ,Mfejy ,y- jkenkl]
yfyrk jkenkl] ,Mfejy fo".kq
Hkkxor o lbZnk gehn 'kkfey gSaA
igyh ckj bfrgkl esa ,d
fnu] 30 ekpZ] dks fQyhLrhu o
mlds pkjksa vksj fLFkr eqYdksa esa
nqfu;k Hkj ls yksx ,df=r gksdj
fQyhLrhu o mldh izLrkfor
jkt/kkuh ts:lye dh vktknh dh
ekax djsx
a sA
dqN Hkkjrh; ukxfjd] Hkkjr
dh fQyhLrhu ds yksxksa ds
ikjEifjd fe= dh Hkwfedk esa 30
ekpZ] 2012] dks] fQyhLrhu dh
vktknh dh ekax ds lkFk btjkby
lhek ij [kM+s gksx
a s ;g Hkkjr ds
fy, xoZ dh ckr gksuh pkfg,A

MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

lkfo=hckbZ Qwys vkSj
efgyk l'kfDrdj.k
8 ekpZ dk fnu nqfu;kHkj esa
varjkZ’Vªh; efgyk fnol ds :i esa
euk;k tkrk gS] tks fd vkt
efgyk l”kfDrdj.k dk izrhd cu
pqdk gSA ;g efgykvksa ds }kjk
NsM+s x, xSjcjkcjh] HksnHkko]
mRihM+u ,oa lekurk ds fy, yM+s
x, yEcs la?k’kZ dk gh urhtk gS
fd vkt efgyk fnol efgykvksa ds
fy, LokfHkeku dk izrhd Hkh cu
pqdk gSA ftl le; mUuhloha
“krkCnh esa efgyk,sa vejhdk ds
f”kdkxks “kgj esa vius vf/kdkjksa ds
fy, yM+ jgha Fkh] ftlls muds
la?k’kksZ dks varjk’Vªh; igpku feyh]
nwljh vksj mlh le;dky esa
Hkkjro’kZ esa Hkh efgykvksa us vius
vf/kdkjksa ds la?k’kZ dks rst+ fd;k
FkkA mUuhloha lnh esa vfr fiNM+s
ifjokj esa tUeh lkfo=hckbZ Qwys o
mudh lg;ksfs xuh Qkrhekch ,sls
uke gSa] ftUgksaus ml le; Hkkjr esa
O;kIr
?kksj
tkfrokn]
iq:’klÙkkRedrk] czkã.kokn ,oa
lkaerokn ds f[kykQ tk dj
efgykvksa dh f”k{kk ,oa vf/kdkjksa
ds fy, la?k’kZ fd;k FkkA ftlds

dkj.k lkfo=hckbZ Qqys dks
dzkafrT;ksfr dgk tkus yxk FkkA 10
ekpZ dks dzkafrT;ksfr lkfo=hckbZ
Qwys ds ifjfuokZ.k fnol ds :i esa
tkuk tkrk gS] tc efgyk
vf/kdkjksa ds fy, yM+rs gq, mUgksua s
blh fnu vius izk.k R;kxs FksA
vkt gekjs ns”k esa ukjh eqfDr ij
dke djus okys o izkd`frd
lalk/kuksa ds fy, dke djus okys
,sls reke tulaxBu gSa] tks fd
lkfo=hckbZ Qqys ds ifjfuokZ.k
fnol dks ^jk’Vªh; efgyk* fnol ds

:i esa eukrs gSaA rkfd ns”k ds mu
izrhdksa dks Hkh ;kn fd;k tk lds
tks fd gekjs dkQh ut+nhd gSaA
blfy, ;g nks rkjh[ksa 8 ,oa 10
ekpZ efgyk laxBuksa ds fy, dkQh
izklafxd gSaA bl ckj mRrjizns”k
ds dbZ efgyk tu laxBu tks fd
ty] taxy vkSj tehu ds
vf/kdkjksa dk la?k’kZ dj jgs gaS us
fey dj la;qDr :i ls efgyk
fnol dks y[kuÅ esa eukus dk
fu.kZ; fy;k gSA tks fd 22 ekpZ
2012 dks fo”kky jSyh ds :i esa
euk;k tk,xk rkfd mRrjizns”k dh
uoxfBr ljdkj dks ouksa ls tqM+h
vkfnoklh] nfyr ,oa x+jhc oxZ dh
efgykvksa ds laoS/kkfud vf/kdkjksa
ds ckjs esa psrk;k tk ldsA
vkt dzkafrT;ksfr lkfo=hckbZ Qqys
dks ns”k esa izeq[krk ls ;kn djus
dh dkQh vko”;drk gSA pwafd
dzkafrT;ksfr lkfo=hckbZ Qqys ns”k
dh igyh efgyk v/;kfidk o ukjh
eqfDr vkanksyu dh igyh usrk Fkha]
ftUgksua s vius ifr T;ksfrck Qqys ds
lg;ksx ls ns”k esa efgyk f”k{kk
dh uhao j[khA lkfo=hckbZ Qqys
,d csgn vfr fiNM+h tkfr ds
ifjokj esa tUeh efgyk Fkha] ysfdu
mUgksua s mUuhloha lnh esa efgyk
f”k{kk dh “kq#vkr ds :i esa ?kksj
czkã.kokn ds opZLo dks lh/kh
20 | lPph eqPph

pqukSrh nsus dk dke fd;k FkkA
mUuhloha lnh esa Nqvk&Nwr]
lrhizFkk]
cky&fookg]
rFkk
fo/kok&fookg fu’ks/k tSlh dqjhfr;ka
cqjh rjg ls O;kIr FkhaA mDr
lkekftd cqjkbZ;ka fdlh izns”k
fo”ks’k esa gh lhfer u gksdj laiw.kZ
Hkkjr esa QSy pqdh FkhaA egkjk’Vª
ds egku lekt lq/kkjd] fo/kok
iqufoZokg vkanksyu ds rFkk L=h
f”k{kk lekurk ds vxqvk T;ksfrck
Qqys dh /keZiRuh lkfo=hckbZ us
vius ifr ds lkeftd dk;ksZa esa u
dsoy gkFk caVk;k cfYd vusd ckj
mudk ekxZ&n”kZu Hkh fd;kA
lkfo=hckbZ dk tUe egkjk’Vª ds
lrkjk ftys esa uk;xkao uked NksVs
ls xkWo esa gqvkA egkRek Qqys }kjk
vius thou dky esa fd;s x;s
dk;ksZa esa mudh /keZiRuh lkfo=hckbZ
dk ;ksxnku dkQh egRoiw.kZ jgkA
ysfdu Qqys naifr ds dkeksa dk
lgh ys[kk&tks[kk ugha fd;k x;kA
Hkkjr ds iq:’k iz/kku lekt us “kq#
ls gh bl rF; dks Lohdkj ugha
fd;k fd ukjh Hkh ekuo gS vkSj
iq#’k ds leku mlesa Hkh cqf) gS
,oa mldk Hkh viuk dksbZ Lora=
O;fDrRo gSA mUuhloha lnh esa Hkh
ukjh xqyke jgdj lkekftd
O;oLFkk dh pDdh esa gh filrh
jghA vKkurk ds va/kdkj]

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

deZdkaM]
o.kZHksn]
tkr&ikr]
cky&fookg]
eqaMu
rFkk
lrhizFkk vkfn
dqizFkkvksa
ls
lEiw.kZ
ukjh
tkfr gh O;fFkr
FkhA iafMr o
/keZxq: Hkh ;gh
dgrs Fks] fd ukjh firk] HkkbZ] ifr
o csVs ds lgkjs fcuk th ugha
ldrhA euq Le`fr us rks ekuks ukjh
tkfr ds vkfLrRo dks gh u’V dj
fn;k FkkA euq us nsook.kh ds :Ik
esa ukjh dks iq:’k dh dkeokluk
iwfrZ dk ,d lk/ku ek= crkdj
iwjh ukjh tkfr ds lEeku dk guu
djus dk gh dke fd;kA fganw&/keZ
esa ukjh dh ftruh vogsyuk gqbZ
mruh dgha ugha gqbZA gkykafd lc
/keksZa esa ukjh dk lEca/k dsoy ikiksa
ls gh tksM+k x;kA ml le;
uSfrdrk dk o lkLad`frd ewY;ksa
dk iru gks jgk FkkA gj dqdeZ dks
/keZ ds vkoj.k ls <d fn;k tkrk
FkkA fganw “kkL=ksa ds vuqlkj ukjh
vkSj “kqnz dks fo|k dk vf/kdkj
ugha Fkk vkSj dgk tkrk Fkk fd
vxj ukjh dks f”k{kk fey tk;sxh
rks og dqekxZ ij pysxh] ftlls
?kj dk lq[k&pSu u’V gks tk;sxkA
21 | lPph eqPph

czkã.k lekt o vU; mPpdqyhu
lekt esa lrhizFkk ls tqM+s ,sls dbZ
mnkgj.k gSa] ftuesa viuh tku
cpkus ds fy;s lrh dh tkus okyh
L=h vxj vkx ds ckgj dwnh rks
funZ;rk ls mls mBk dj okfil
vfXu ds gokys dj fn;k tkrk
FkkA varr% vaxzst+ksa }kjk lrhizFkk
ij jksd yxkbZ xbZA blh rjg ls
czkã.k lekt esa cky&fo/kokvksa ds
flj eqaMok fn;s tkrs Fks vkSj vius
gh fj”rsnkjksa dh okluk dh f”kdkj
L=h ds xHkZorh gksus ij mls
vkRegR;k rd djus ds fy;s
etcwj fd;k tkrk FkkA mlh le;
egkRek Qqys us lekt dh :<+hoknh
ijEijkvksa ls yksgk ysrs gq;s dU;k
fo|ky; [kksysA
Hkkjr esa ukjh f”k{kk ds fy;s fd;s
x;s igys iz;kl ds :i esa egkRek
Qqys us vius [ksr esa vke ds o`{k

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

ds uhps fo|ky; “kq# fd;kA ;gh
L=h f”k{kk dh lcls igyh
iz;ksx“kkyk Hkh Fkh] ftlesa
lxq.kkckbZ {khjlkxj o lkfo=h ckbZ
fo|kFkhZ FkhaA mUgksua s [ksr dh feVVh
esa Vgfu;ksa dh dye cukdj f”k{kk
ysuk izkjaHk fd;kA lkfo=hckbZ us
ns”k
dhs
igyh
Hkkjrh;
L=h&v/;kfidk
cuus
dk
,sfrgkfld xkSjo gkfly fd;kA
/keZ&iafMrksa us mUgsa v”yhy
xkfy;ka nh] /keZ Mqcksus okyh dgk
rFkk dbZ ykaNu yxk;s] ;gka rd
fd muij iRFkj ,oa xkscj rd
Qsadk x;kA Hkkjr esa T;ksfrck rFkk
lkfo+=h ckbZ us “kqnz ,oa L=h f”k{kk
dk vkajHk djds u;s ;qx dh uhao
j[khA blfy;s ;s nksuksa ;qxiq#’k
vkSj ;qxL=h dk xkSjo ikus ds
vf/kdkjh gq;s A nksuksa us feydj
^lR;”kks/kd lekt^ dh LFkkiuk
dhA bl laLFkk dh dkQh [;kfr
gqbZ vkSj lkfo=hckbZ Ldwy dh eq[;
v/;kfidk ds :i esa fu;qDr gqbZ
Qwys naifr us 1851 eas iq.ks ds
jkLrk isB esa yM+fd;ksa dk nwljk
Ldwy [kksyk vkSj 15 ekpZ 1852 esa
crky isB esa yMfd;ksa dk rhljk
Ldwy [kksykA mudh cukbZ gqbZ
laLFkk ^lR;”kks/kd lekt^ us 1876
o 1879 ds vdky esa vUul=
pyk;s vkSj vUu bdVBk djds
vkJe esa jgus okys 2000 cPpksa dks
22 | lPph eqPph

[kkuk f[kykus dh O;oLFkk dhA 28
tuojh 1853 dks cky gR;k
izfrca/kd x`g dh LFkkiuk dh]
ftlesa dbZ fo/kokvksa dh izlwfr gqbZ
o cPpksa dks cpk;k x;kA
lkfo=hckbZ }kjk rc fo/kok
iqufoZokg lHkk dk vk;kstu fd;k
tkrk FkkA ftlesa ukjh lEcU/kh
leL;kvksa dk lek/kku Hkh fd;k
tkrk FkkA egkRek T;ksfrck Qqys
dh e`R;q lu~ 1890 esa gqbZA rc
lkfo=hckbZ us muds v/kwjs dk;ksZa dks
iwjk djus dk ladYi fy;kA
lkfo=hckbZ dh e`R;q 10 ekpZ 1897
dks Iysx ds ejhtkas dh ns[kHkky
djrs&djrs gq;hA
ukjh eqfDr vkanksyu esa egkRek
T;ksfrck Qwys dk ;ksxnku csgn
egRoiw.kZ gS] blfy;s ukjheqfDr
vkanksyu o efgykvksa ds izfr gksus
okyh fgalk dks fcuk iq:’k dh
izxfr”khy lksp ds [k+Re ugha fd;k
tk ldrkA vkt Hkh efgykvksa ds
izfr gksus okyh fgalk dk vkadM+k
ogha [kM+k gS] flQZ fgalk ds Lo:i
esa cnyko vk;k gSA lkfo=hckbZ
Qqys }kjk lekt dks fn;s x;s
efgyk tkx#drk ds ;ksxnku dks
;kn djrs gq;s] vkb;s ge lc
efgyk;sa o izxfr”khy lksp ds
iq#’k lHkh feydj efgykvksa ds
izfr gksus okyh fgalk dks tM+ ls

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012

[kRe djus dk ladYi ysAa ;g
mRlkgtud ckr gS fd m0iz0 esa
dbZ eaMyksa esa lkfo=h ckbZ Qwys dh
;kn esa clik ljdkj }kjk efgyk
ikyhVsdfud LFkkfir fd;s x;sA
ysfdu dsoy blls gh dke ugha
pyus okyk gSA efgykvksa ds fy,
gj ftys esa fo|ky; o
ikyhVsduhd [kksys tkus pkfg, o
ljdkjh efgyk fMxzh dkyst dk
uke lkfo=h CkkbZ ds uke ls
lapkfyr fd;k tkuk pkfg,] rkfd
muds fopkjksa dks O;kid :i ls
QSyk;k tk ldsA blh rjg ls
efgykvksa ds Åij gksus okyh reke
rjg dh fgalk dks lekIr djus ds
fy, gj rjg ls lqj{kk dh O;oLFkk
dh tkuh pkfg,] ftlds fy, gj
Fkkus esa de ls de vyx efgyk
Fkkuk gksuk pkfg,] ftlls os vius
Åij gks jgs vU;k; dks cs[kkSQ+ gks
dj ntZ djk ldaAs ;gh ugha vkt
;g csgn t+:jh gks x;k gS fd
izkd`frd lalk/kuksa dks efgykvksa ds
fu;a=.k esa lkSaik tk,] D;ksfa d
efgyk, vkt Hkh bu lalk/kuksa dks
vkthfodk ds lk/kuksa ds :i esa
ns[krh gaS o lkewfgd :i ls bu
lalk/kuksa dh ns[kjs[k djus dh
{kerk j[krh gSaA ;g lalk/ku
iq:’kksa ds fy, dsoy jktLo o ywV
dk lk/ku ek= gSa] ftldks
jktlRrk o ljdkjsa fey dj ywVus
23 | lPph eqPph

;g mRlkgtud ckr gS fd
m0iz0 esa dbZ eaMyksa esa
lkfo=h ckbZ Qwys dh ;kn esa
clik ljdkj }kjk efgyk
ikyhVsdfud LFkkfir fd;s
x;sA ysfdu dsoy blls gh
dke ugha pyus okyk gSA
ij vkeknk gSA gky gh esa dbZ
jkT;ksa esa voS/k [kuu ds ekeys bl
ywV dh felky gSa] tks fd bl ywV
ds cy ij brus rkdroj gksrs tk
jgs gSa fd os iwjh i`Foh dks u’V
djus ls Hkh ugha drjk jgs gSaA
blfy, efgykvksa dh Hkkxhnkjh gj
Lrj ij csgn t+:jh gS vkSj vxj
le; jgrs ;g cnyko ugha fd,
x, rks ftl rjg ls ukjh tkfr
yxkrkj iq:’kks ds eqdkcys de
gksrh tk jgh gS mlh rjg gekjs
mRiknu ds lk/ku Hkh de gksrs
tk,xsa vkSj ;g i`Foh ekuo thou
ds fy, jgus ;ksX; ugha jg
tk,xhA blfy, efgykvksa ds
vkfLrRo dh j{kk dk eryc ekuo
thou ds vkfLrRo dh j{kk dk gh
la?k’kZ gSA

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

jksek
vizSy 2012

24 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

vizSy 2012