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TABLE OF CONTENTS 01 April 2012
Newspaper 1 Weather Forecast
Phil Star p. A-25

ARMY'RELATEl)

ISSUES
Manila Bulletin p. 18

Arayat Park Groomed For Tourism Governor Lilia Pineda revealed yesterday that Mt. Arayat Park here will be groomed as the next big tourist spot in Pampanga after shedding off its image as a "cradle of rebels in Central Luzon.""Considering the potential and strategic position of the mountain, which is located at the central plain of Central Luzon as well as the current development in the peace and order efforts of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP), Mt. Arayat can emerge as one of the best tourist spots in the Region 3," said Pineda. (Mark Anthony N Manuel) 2 NPA official, arestado sa panghoholdap Natuklasan ng mga awtoridad na isang mataas na opisyal ng New People's Army (NPA) sa Bicol ang isa sa dalawang suspek sa panghoholdap sa isang taxi driver sa Calamba City, Laguna. (Lyka Manalo) 5 dead NPAs recovered in encounter in North Cotabato Government forces recovered five more bodies of slain members of NPA shortly after the bloody encounter the other day in Magpet, North Cotabato .. This was confirmed by AFP-Eastern Mindanao Command spokesman Colonel Leopolda Galan. (Zaida delos ReyesPalanca)

Balita p. 5

People's Tonight p. 6

AFP RELATED ISSUES
PN, peG rush stricken liner A Philippine Navy and Coast Guard contingent was expected to catch up last night with the luxury cruise ship Azamara Quest, which has been drifting off southwestern PhilippInes with some 1,000 persons on board after a fire disabled its engines. (Julie Allpaia and Jerome Aning) Luxury Ship Burns; All Aboard Safe A cruise ship with 590 foreign tourists and 411 crew remains adrift off Sulu Sea after fire disabled its engine, the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) reported Saturday. While the passengers and crew are already safe, the United States Coast Guard (USCG) expressed concern as the area is prone to lawless elements, including the Abu Sayyaf. (John Carlo M Cahinhinan) China bucks joint drills of Phi, Vietnam China has issued a warning against joint military exercises and patrols between the PhilippInes and Vietnam in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea), saying such acts undermine China's sovereignty. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hong Lei said on Thursday that China is firmly opposed to the agreement between the Philippines and Vietnam, among the six Spratlys claimant-countries, to stage joint military exercises in the West Philippine Sea and carry out joint patrol on their maritime borders. PDI p. A2

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Manila Bulletin p. 1

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Phil Star p. 1

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PK-SK ties flourish as PEFTOK-Korean War Memorial Hall opened at Libingan TRADE, socio-economic, cultural and security relations between the Philippines and South Korea continue to flourish and deepen. The latest sign of this is the inauguration of the PEFTOK-Korean War Memorial Hall (PKWMH) at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in Taguig City by President Benigno Aquino 3rd. President Aquino by this act on Thursday honored more than seven thousand officers and men of the Philippine Expeditionary Force to Korea (PEFTOK) who fought in the Korean War. These men (and women) did so to defend South Korea from communist North Korea and its allies then the Communist Soviet Empire and still communist China.

Manila Times p. A-1

Sending troops to Korea was a shining moment for our people and our race (Speech of President Benigno S Aquino at the inauguration of PEFTOK) PNP checking report that NPA hitmen infiltrated security agencies The PNP said yesterday it is looking into claims that assassins or hitmen of the communist NPA have infiltrated security agencies in Metro Manila. (Mike Frialde) 10 Db an 'named new CDC chairman President Aquino appointed former AFP chief Eduardo Oban as chairman of the state-owned Clark Development Corp. (CDC) which runs the Clark Freeport. MILF now doubts if peace pact is possible under Aquino The political leadership of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) expressed doubts on Saturday that a peace pact would be signed under the administration of President Aquino, and blamed any setback of peace efforts to government chief negotiator Marvic Leonen. "We are very doubtful now whether we can sign a peace deal with government under this present administration ....What the government peace panel, headed by Marvic Leonen, did in the last talks was never our immediate expectation, which is the reason we are very much disappointed," said Ghazali Jaafar, vice chairman for political affairs of the MILF, in a statement. (Zaff Solmerin) PH joins allied forces parade The Australia Philippines Services League (APSL) will have the Philippine flag on Anzac Day, ensuring it flies with pride alongside those of the Allied Forces at the annual parade on April 25. MILF skeptical about peace accord with Aquino gov't The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) is no longer optimistic it can strike a peace agreement with the Aquino administration. "We have strong doubts now if the two panels could forge a final peace accord," Ghadzali Jaafar, MILF's vice chairman for political affairs, told The STAR. (John Unson) 12 Military, Kg ikinalat sa MM Upang tulungan ang pulisya sa pagpapatupad sa seguridad sa metro Manila, magdedeploy na rin ng sap at na pwersa ang AFP-National Capital Region Command at mga K-9 dogs kaugnay sa paggunita sa Semana Santa. (Joy Cantos)

Manila Times p. A 1

Phil Star p.18

Phil Star p. 4

Business Mirror p. A-2

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POI p. A-23

Phil Star p. A-25

Ngayon p. 3

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AFP, PNP on guard for Holy Week The AFP and the PNP will be on guard in observance of the Lenten season as they joined hands in securing the public. (Zaida delos Reyes-Palanca) Military exchange AFP Chief of Staff Lt Gen Jessie Dellosa has called on his counterparts in the ASEAN for an expand military interoperability and stronger intelligence exchange among neighbor nations. (Elena Aben) Lawyers rap reversal of ease vs Ver, Laeson A LAWYER's group yesterday assailed a Supreme Court decision reversing. a lower court's award of damages to alleged torture victims of the late-Gen Fabian Ver and other ex-Marcos military officers. (TJ Burgos)

People's Tonight p, 7

Manila Bulletin p. 17

POI p. A-6

ED]'fORllAL/Of'INION
15 16-17 18 US-Koren Epowering relations and the Philippines People Global Threats Manila Times p. A-4 Manila Bulletin p.11 Police Files p. 4 the Filipino

Seman a Sanata

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April 2012

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WEATHER FORECAST
Easterlies prevail over the eastern section of Luzon and the Visayas, Northern and central Luzon and the eastern section of sou thorn Luzon will be mostly doudy with scattered rainshowers and thunderstorms, becoming cloud with widespread rains over the eastern section of northern and central Luzon. The rest of the country will be partly cloudy to cloud r with isola,ted rainshowers or thunderstorms. Coastal water. in the eastern section of the country w il! be moderate to rough. Elsewhere, seas wHI be slight to moderate. Temperature forecasts: Metro Manila, 23-31 degrees Celsius; Baguio Ciq'J 15-22; Tagaytay City, 21-29; Subic and Clark zone, 24-30; Metro Cebu, 25-32; Metro Davao, 24-33; and Cagayan de Oro, 22-32. Tidal predictions in Manila Bay: low tide at 12:47 a.m, at 0.03 meter, Sunrise is at 5:52 a.m.; sunset at 6:08

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Arayat Park Groomed For Tourism
By MARK ANTHONY N. MANUEL

ARAYAT, Pampanga - Governor Lilia Pineda revealed yesterday that Mt. Arayat Park here will be groomed as the next big tourist spot in Pampanga after shedding off its image as a "cradle of rebels in Central Luzon." "Considering the potential and strategic position of the mountain, which is Iocated at the central plain of Central Luzon as well as the current development in the peace and order efforts of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP) , Mt. Arayat can emerge as one of the best tourist spots in the Region 3," said Pineda.

Pineda is now looking for new investors who will develop the Arayat National Park to bring back its old glory as the prime tourists spot in the province. "We want to develop the full potentials and bring back the glorious days of Mt. Arayat National Park," she said. Earlier, the provincial government allotted 70 hectares of the Mt. Arayat National Park for its agro-tourism project in line with President Aquino's pro-environment activities. With this, the leadership of the 703rd Infantry Brigade ofthe Philippine Army through its Commander Col. Gregorio Catapang assured the investors of continuing effort to promote Arayat a crime free town.

"This is now the right time to buy lots and invest here in Arayat. We would assure you (referring to investors) that your investments would not go to waste," Catapang said. . Earlier, the army commander declared Parnpanga, including Arayat as insurgency free. Amador Pineda, executive secretary of Mayor Luis Espino, said the recent development in the town's peace and order is vital in getting the trust and confidence of business owners. He said the business in the town is getting boom with the construction of some business establishments . . Aside from PureGold, other business establishments who are also willing to invest here are J ollibee and Metrobank.

5 dead NPAs recovered in encounter in North Cotabato
GOVERNMENT forces .recovered 'five more bodies of slain mem. bers of New People's Army (NP A) shortly after the bloody· encounter the other day in MBgJiet. North Cotobato. This was confirmed yesterday by Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP)-Eastern Mindanao Command' (Eastmincom) spnke sruan Colonel Leapoldo .Galon. Galan identified 'One of the slain rebels as RJ Tinong, 23, resident of Sitio Anoling, Barangay Badiangcn, Ar a.ka n, North Cotobato. . The recovery of the five bodies of the rebels brought the number of fatalities in the. encounter to six. It can be recalled' that elements of the 57th Infantry Battalion (IB) encountered the rebel group in Sitio Bantaan,' Barangay -Bagumbayan, Magpet, North Cotobato, at around 11:45 a.m. The firefight resulted in the killing ofia 801dier identified as PFC Jaylord Albania. It was learned that soldiers were conduct. ing community security patrol operation when they encountered the rebels led by a certain Ka Totoy Dako. The military leadership believed that several rebels were' wounded during the firafight. . In line with this, 57th IB commander Lt. Col.' Noel Dela Cruz appealed to the rebels to seek assistance to the local government unit so that their wounded comrades will be givenmedical attention in government hospitals .as soon as possible. Zaida delos Reyes. Palanca
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NPA official, arestado so panghoholdap
LAGUNA- Natuklasan ng mga awtoridad na Tsangmataas na opisyal ng New People's Army (NPA) sa Btcol ang isa sa dalawang suspek sa panghoholdap sa lsangtaxt driver sa Calamba City, Laguna. Ayon kay Lt. captain Gene Orense, tagapagsallta ng202nd Infantry Brigade ng Philippine Army (PAl, naaresto sina Henry Aguenza at Alicia Cenon matapos Ireklamo ng panghoholdap ni RogerCatarata, taxi driver, restdente ngBarangay San Isidro, Calamba CJty,noong Marso 27,20.12. Nagpapahatid umallo sa Bleol angmga suspek ngunittumanggi 51 Catarata kaya tlnutukan umanoslya ng.kutsnyo at klnuha ang dalawa nlyang cell phone at ang kanyang pera. Nang maaresto ng ~pullsya, nakuha mula kina Aguenza at Cenon ang 10 cell phon,e, Isang laptop computerat mga f)ash disc na naglalaman ngroga dokumentohg nag-uugnay sa mga lto sa NPA. Napag-alamang sl Aguenza ay si DanIel Frias, sinasablng plnakamataas na oplsyal ng NPA sa catanduanes, at may kasong murder at arson.

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Lyka Manalo

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I?N,.=PCG rus
o PHILIPPINE Navy (PN)
The Philippine vessels were : set to escort the Ll-deck cruise •ship to the Malaysian border. snuck by an engine room fire · the night before, the ship had re:portedly restored emergency power but was working to restore ~:its· ropulsion capabilities. 'None p ·of the nearly 600 passengers, 'mostly Americans and Euro~peans, were injured but five crew -mernbers suffered bruises and inJuries from smoke inhalation. One of the injured crew mernbers, Filipino Juan Carlos Rivera <Escobar,was reported in "unstable" condition after suffering from ''neurological damage due ro prolonged head and smoke ~xposure." He was to be taken to ·a hospital in Sandakan. Philippine Coast Guard corn.!,1landant Vice Adm. Edmund ;Tan said' the Azamara tQuest'--Cairying 590 passengers :;tnd 411 crew members--caught 'fire at 8:19 p.m. some 75' nauti~al miles south of Tubbataha ~aeef. Palawan. The fire was rel

en liner
aboard is calm. In an abundance of Caution, the captain initially mustered all guests to their assembly stations," the company said. Ensign Paterno Belarmino of the peG Action Center in Manila said the agency was informed about the fire by Lt. Christopher O'Brien of the United States Coast Guard at 7:15 a.m. yesterday: The PCG was able to 'contact . the ship three hours later. The Azamara Quest's captain, Leif Karlsson, did not pro-: vide details of the fire but said it was "under control."

ByJulie A1ipala, Inquirer Mindanao and Jerome Aning

and Philippine Coast Guard (peG) contingent was expected to catch up last night with the luxury cruise ship Azamara ~Quest, which had 'been drifting off southwestern Philipplnes .with SOITIe,000 personson board af1 .tera fire disabled its engines.
portedly put' out about 11 a.m. thefollowing day. . The PCG mobilized three of its rescue ships and coordinated with the Philippine Air Force (PAP) and Philippine Navy to assist the Azamara Quest. . CoLJose Cenabre, deputynaval commander for WestemMindanao, said the Air Force was ready to dispatch a plane to the area but . itwas told this was not necessary.

Complete equipment

"The captain's plan was to no longer have a medical evacuation for Escobar because they have complete medical equipment. The PCGwilljust escort the vessel until it leaves our area of resporu:;ibility,''' Planes on standby PCGspokesperson Lt. Cmdr. Algier Brig. Gen. Jose Tony ViI- Ricafrente told reporters. . larete, commander of the PAF's At around 6 a.m. yesterday, 3rd Division in Zamboanga City, the company reported that said their OVI0 planes re- power had .been restored to one mained on standby just in case. of the ship's engines. The ship's operator and own''This additional power has er,' Azamara Club Cruises, in a permitted the ship to reestabstatement posted on its website, lish air conditioning, running said the fire that broke out in the water, plumbing, refrigeration engine room was "quickly extin- and food preparation onboard guished." However, the ship had for the comfort of our guests to run on generator power while and crew. While the ship does the engine was being repaired. not have propulsion capabilities "There were no injuriesof guests at this time, it is in the process : reported and the atmosphere of being repaired," it said.

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Five hours later; the company said the engineers an board were continuing to. work on restoring propulsion to the ship.

17-nightvoyage
"Once they have restored propulsion, the Azamara Quest will sail directly to Sandakan (Sabah), Malaysia. When propulsian has been restored to the ship, we will be able to provide an estimated time of arrival. Until then; we will be working with our guests to determine how we can best assist them with the next steps and travel arrangements," it said. The ship, which was an a 17night cruise, had come from Hong Kong. It left Manila on March ,28 on its' way to Sandakan, It was

supposed to. make port calls at sulawesi, Bali and Komodo in Indanesia before concluding the. vayage in Singapore an April 12. In its latest update, the company said, ''The damage caused by the fire will require us to can' eel the rest of Azamara Quest's voyage once the ship arrives in Sandakan, We encourage guests on the April 12, 2012, sailing of Azamara Quest to monitor this website on Monday, April 2, for an update an your voyage." The company set up hotlines so that relatives of guests could call 'their loved ones. Larry Pimentel, president and chief executive officer, was set to fly to Sandakan to meet with the passengers personally on Monday.

Azamara Club Cruises is a. subsidiary of Royal Caribbean Cruis-

firm based in Miami which is said '
to be the world's second largest cruise line operator. It was the latest accident in the cruise' industry .since 32 people died when the Costa Concordia , ran aground and'Capsized off the western coast of Italy in January. A month 'later; a fire on the Costra Allegra left that ship without power and adrift in waters known to be prowled by pirates in the Indian Ocean for three days. Both Costa ships are part of Costa Crociere, SpA, a subsidiary of Carnival Corp., the 'world's largest cruise operator. With reportsfrom. AP and Reuters

es Ltd., a Norwegian-American

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Luxury Ship Luxury Ship., .
and Europeans. to dispatch their available assets for 'vice Admiral Edmund Tan, PCG rescue operations. commandant, said the luxury liner, . The PCG also hired a tugboat MN Azarnara Quest of the Royal from the Malayan Towage Corpora. Carribean Lines, caught fire Friday tion, It will arrive in the area in the By JOHN CARLO· M. CAHINHINAN . night while it was approximately 140 next 36 hours. miles away from Sandakan, MalayPCG-Zamboanga reported that A cruise ship with 590 foreign sia. five of the passengers were injured, tourists and 411·crew remains adrift. t " As soon as the cruise ship caught four of them suffering minor bruises off Sulu Sea after fire disabled its . fire, Captain Leif Karlsson, the maswhile Spanish Juan. Carlos Rivera engine, the Philippine Coast Guard . » ter of the vessel, immediately sent Escobar is currently unstable after (PC G) reported yesterday.· . . distress email to the USCG in Guam suffering from neurological damage While the passengers and crew: since he was unable to communicate due to prolong heat and smoke expo. sure.' '. . are already safe, the United States ! with the PCG. Coast Guard (USCG) expressed conUSCG officer Lieutenant Junior Karlsson told the PCG that they cern as the area is prone: to lawless Grade Christopher O'Brien immedi- . have advanced medical equipment, elements, including the Abu Sayyaf. . ately informed the. Coast Guard Acincluding a respirator, for Escobar. It was reported that" 121 of the tion Center (CGAC) in Manila. As of noon yesterday, the CGAC ship's 411 crew are Filipinos, while This prompted Tan to dispatch· said the fire was already under conthe ·tourists are mostly Americans four PCG search and rescue vessels trol. However, the vessel remains (TurntQ page 16)· with medical and rescue personadrift while crewmen were trying to nel to the area-to render immediate re-start its engine. assistance. The vessels sent were "So far the sea condition is normal presidential ship BRP-EDSA (SARV- and stable but the US Coast Guard is 002), which is currently on a regular quite concern since the luxury vesoff-shore patrol mission in the West sel is currently on <i 'hot spot' zone Philippine Sea; BRP-Davao del and very prone to lawless elements N.orte (SARV-3504) that came from such as the Abu Sayyaf and pirates Cebu; and two PCG-BFAR MCS vesthat's why we are doing our best to sels that came from the Zamboanga , quickly respond to the incident," Tan .Peninsula. said . The vessels from Zamboanga The vessel came from Hong will arrive in the area in the next 12 Kong and made a brief calion the hours, Tan said. Port of Manila. It departed Manila , Tan also sought assistance from last March 28· and was on its way the Philippine Navy (PN) and the to Sandakan when it caught fire. '.Philippine Air Force (PAF) under (With a report from Carlo Suerte Felipe) the Western Mindanao Command

. Burns; All Aboard Safe

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April 2012

chlnabueks joint' '.: drills of Ph I,.Vietnani '
By PIA LEE~BRAGO

China has issued a warning 'against joint military exercises and patrols between the Philippines and Vietnam in the West Philippine Sea (South China

Sea), saying such acts undermine China's sovereignty. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hong Lei said on
Turn to Page'S

China and ASEAN countries and refrain from taking actions that will complicate and amplify the South China Sea issue or Thursday that China is firmly opposed to impair peace and stability of the South the agreement between the Philippines and • China Sea," Hong said. Vietnam, among the six Spratlys claimantChanging of guards countries, to stage joint military exercises in Meanwhile, the Armed Forces of the the West Philippine Sea and carry out joint Philippines (AFP) has assigned a new patrol on their maritime borders. tactical wing commander in the Western Hong said, "China has indisputable sovereignty over the Nansha Islands and Command (Wescom), a key military outfit that has operational jurisdiction over the their adjacent waters." hotly contested West Philippine Sea. , "China' is firmly opposed to other CoL Escueto Manalo, a fighter pi-' countries' acts that undermine China's sovereignty. Maintaining peace and stabil- lot, assumed command Friday of the 570th Tactical Wing of ity of the South China Sea is in line with Palawan-based the common and fundamental interests of the Philippine Air Force (PAF), vice Brig. all countries in this region," Hong said in a Gen. Esteban Castro, who has reached the mandatory military retirement age of 56. press conference in Beijing. , . NavychiefViceAdmiralAlexanderPama Aside from being a fighter pilot, Manasaid the holding ofjointmilitary exercises was lo is an operations man whose post at the ' discussed in a meeting between him and Viet- AFP operations center at Camp Aguinaldo nam'sNavyd:1iefNguyen Van Hieri recently. was taken over by Col. Andrie Tanyag. "Gen. Castro handed over to Col. Manalo . Pama visited Vietnam from March 14 to 17 to boost cooperation between the' command of the 570th,Tactical Willg in simple turnover rites last Friday," said Wescom two nations. spokesman Maj. Niel Estrella. Pama and Hien also tackled proposals Wescom is a composite military force aimed at establishing a communication hotline for the operation centers of the .mostly from the Philippine Navy, Marines, and the PAF and is under the command of two navies. Lt Gen. [uancho Sabban of the Marines. "We hope relevant countries will The main mission of this key military earnestly abide by the spirit of the Dec. laration on the Conduct of Parties in the outfit based in Puerto Princesa City is to . South China Sea (DOC) signed between protect, secure and guard the country's
From Page 1

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:PK-SKties flourish as PEFTOK-Korean' War Memorial Hallopened at Libingan
TRADE, socio-economic, cultural and secu-: rity relations between the Philippines and South Korea continue to flourish and deepen. The latest sign of this is the inauguration of the PEFroK-Korean War Memorial HaH (PKWMH) at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in Taguig City by President Benigno Aquino 3rd. President Aquino by this act on Thursday . honored more than seven -thousand officers and men of the philippine Expeditionary Force to Korea (PEFTOK) who fought in the Korean War. These men (and women) did so to defend South Korea from communist North Korea and its allies then the Communist Soviet Empire and still communist China. '. The PEFTOK soldiers also helped rebuild the Republic of Korea (which is the formal name for South Korea) from the ravages WWlI. The President was assisted at the inauguration, unveiling the the PKWMH dedication marker, by former Pieside~t Fidel V: Ramos who is /Korean War veteran himself, and Korean Ambassador to the Philippines Hye Min Lee, Defense 'Secretary Voltaire Cazmin, Korean Minister Park Sung Choon of the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs, and UnitedKorean Cornmu.nity Association in the Philippines President Lee Won Ioo, . . The PKWMH serves symbolizes-the deep and special friendship between the Philippines and Korea for more than sixty years.' . Government publicity also calls it " a reminder of a shining moment in both countries' history, as well as the special' bonds that have tied the fate of .the two countries together.': _ The President of course gave a speech. Among the things he touched on was the. North Korean regime's globally announced plans to launch between Apr! I 12 and April 1 G "what itclaims," he said, "[to be 1 an earth observation satellite, but is widely believed to be a long range ballistic missile." The President saidrThe use of ballistic missile technology in any launch violates UN. (United Nations) Security Council Resolutions, and it presents' risks to all coacerned. It increases tensions, particularly in the period of uncertainty leading up to the launch _ where no one is sure, of the trajectory of the . missile. Similarly, debris from the launch may potentially land in our territory. Thisis a needlessprovocation not only in the Korean pec· ninsula, but in our entire region. It is with our respective peoples in mind that we urge.the . Democratic People's Republic of Korea not to proceed with its planned launch. Next to the United States of America and Australia, the Philippines is the third state to send troops to join the Korean War on the side of South Korea (ROK).: .. ...
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Ninoy was 'Manila Times warcorrespondent ..

PK~SK ties flourish

President Aquino's late father, the democracy. icori Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino lr.when he was only 17 served as a correspondent of'Ihe Manila Times in the Korean War. . Ninoy Aquino's reports for the first time in; philippine history made Filipino newspaper. readers receive directly news about a world .event and what was happening to Filipino troops at every stage of the war. The Philippine embassy Seoul describes how Philippine-Korean relations have progressed as follows: "Bilateral relations between .the two countries started on.3 March 1949when the Philippines became the fifth country to recognize the Republic of Korea, which was inaugurated on 15 August 1948. The friendship was cemerited by the Philippine deployment of the: . Philippine Expeditionary Force 10 Korea (PEFTOK) during the Korean Warin the 1950s: 10 help South Korea defend itself from the invasion of the North. . "Aft· e th Ar - ti .. tHE K'irn, . )aCj?B_ngBIS',y,anOQ,com . r e mis ICe, th e ROK sen.. Yong-Ki as its first Ambassador to the Philippines, .--"-----.,__-----on 19 January 1954. InMay of the same year, the Philippines established a legation inthe RO K led '. by MinisterTomas de Castro, who was appointed as Envoy Extraordinary and 0inister Ple~ipoten- .

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tiary of the Philippines in the country. ln 1958, the Philippines opened an Embassy in Seoul under Ambassador Eduardo Quintero . . 'The relationship blossomed in the course of the decades through cooperation in both bilateral and multilateral fronts, In the multilateral setting, 'they are now cooperating closely in the UN, FEAlAC, ASEM, APEC, -AM EAS and ASEAN+3: . "South Korea is 'a major trading partner of the Philippines. In 2006, South Korea was the top sender of visitors to the country, with more 'than half a million arrivals. Both governments have instituted various agreements at the bilateral level, including, for labor, the Employ-, . . ment Permit System. Cooperation between the . two countries in thepolitical, securiry.economic, socio-cultural and developmentfields is expected to continue as both parties strive to further strengthen relations. "The Philippines is an active supporter of the . inter-Korean peace process and reconciliation efforts .. It joins the international call for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula as a . crucial step for the security and continued economic development of the region and strongly advocates a diplomatic solution to theNorth Korean nuclear issue, particularly through multilateral dialogue. ':J:Iig~'level policy consultations between the _ PhLhpplnc~ anti South Korea are done on a regular baSIS. .
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troops to Korea was a shining moment for our people. and our race'
[Speech of President Benigno 5. Aquino 3rd at the inauguration of the Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea (PEFWK)-Korean War Memon'al ' Hall, Ubingan ng mgo Bayani Annex, Taguig City, .. March 29,2012] OF course.the most famous veteran from the PEFTDK,former President Fidei Vaidez Ramos; His Excellency lee Hye Min; Minister Park Sung Choon; Dr. Paterno Villoria, who speaks Korean qultefluently to these untrained ears-perhaps. I should ask him how one will study Korean in a most expedient manner, and by whicll method. ltauqhterl, Secretary Voltaire Gazmin;.Secretary Joey Villanueva; (ongressworhan Herminla; -: Roman; Representatives Jose Zubiri; DFA UnderserreraryIlndaBaslllo: PVAOAdministrator Nestor Carolina; officers, members of our Armed Forces; PEFTOKveterans and their .. families present today; our Korean community . leaders; honored guests; ladies and qentlemen; Good afternoon. When Korean liberty was attacked in 1950, Filipinos were among the first of their Asian brothers to step onto the shoresof South Korea to lend a hand to a neighbor In p~ril. In a span offive years, more than seven thousand Hliplno soldiers.were dispatched to theKorean Peninsula at a time when our fledgling democracy was struggling to recover .. . from th'e ravages of the Second World War, and. to rebUIld the lives and communities that had been destroyed. . As a country that fought to regain the. . freedom of its people, we knew that it was our responsibility to see that the same values our heroes died for were not trampled upon ---.,...----.,,_elsewhere. With World War II fresh in their memories, and well-aware of what this CAFFAIRS undertaking would demand of them, our soldiers plunged into the fray without hesitation, joining the fight to defend the freedom of South Korea, to defend the ideals of their country, and to defend democracy.

IS ending our

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This memorial hall is~ testamentto the bravery and the sacrifice of those who took the burden of war on their shoulders so that a . people might be free. Here, we. remernberthe men of the Philippine Expeditionary forces to Korea. Here, we look back on a.s~ining moment in our history, and we are reminded of the .. special bonds that have tied our fate to that of the Korean people for more than 60 yean. My father was one ofthose who made the long journey to the Korean Peninsula, though he was armed only with his typewrlter-efirlnq off news stories, and not bullets, as a correspan dent for the Korean War, As a young man, he saw the courage and determination of our soldiers and the reslllence of the South Korean people. In his dlspatdiesfrorn thefrant, my father paid tribute to the importance of solidarity, the demands of sacrifice, and the true value oHreedom imd democracy. .' He would return from the war and embark on a political career with those lessons in the back of his mind. They became the strongest weapons he had when he learned what it meant to fight for freedom in a time otpeace. When my father·. opposed a dictatorship that kept the Philippines in darkness for more than twenty years, it was out of a desire. to stand in solidarity with the Filipino people, and out of a desire to safeguard the democracy of our country.

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more mature democrades committed to the development of our peoples; .,. It is because of men like inyfather and Kim . Oae-Jung, and the thousands who taught in the Korean War-it is because of the trials and achievements of the past that our countries have gro'wn to where we are today •. We stand on the shoulders of giants, and we have only the privilege and the responsibility of building on the foundations they have laid down.The difference now is that instead of winhinga war, we are tasked with winnfng the peace. We have gained our democracy; . 09,1'1', we must live up to.it.. A peatefulsodetj is a must if we truly want to develop this country~and maintaining' peace sits at thevery (are of all of our efforts to ensure that the benefits of democracy are felt by each and everyone of our people. I believe that.thls is a goal shared by the Republic of Korea-knowing, as we do, what it means to have our freedom threatened by oppressive forces. Today, however, our efforts are aimed not' just towardsthe security of our people.ln the' .Phillppines, fqr example, the greatest battles we are figfiting are battles against the entrenched culture of corruption, impunity,and apathy that has worked its way into our government and our society. We are also fighting to free our countrymen not from Ninoy Aquino and oppressors, butfrorn the shackles of poverty: by Kim Dae Jung. ensuring that our people have access to social . When I think of.my father, I am reminded of :services, and quality he~lth and education, by another man he had the privilege of meetleveling the playing field for business, and by ing~a man who lived by and upheld the weeding out corruption in government and same principles of democracy, a man who. improving the quality of public service. This is a Similarly opposed authoritarla» rule despite fight that never enes=-so long as some of our thethreat to' his1ife, and I refer to the former countrymen experience hunger, or a lack of President Kim Oae- Jung of South Korea. . education or access to proper health care, we They both knew that it was not enough to will conrinue fighting. The famous military have independence. They knew that they could motto goes,"No man left behind," and this is only be worthy'of the sacrifice that so many what characterizes our efforts, whether in war men made during the Korean Wa.rifthey sixtyyears,ago, or today,as we tread this path fought for, and gained true freedom forall to progress. their countrymen. Many of you may be familiar With friends like the Republic of Korea, we in with a simple sentence attributed to my father. government have found it easier to win the And I quote:"The Filipino is worth dying for:" I peace for our people.The camaraderie that was believe His Excellency/former President Kim first formed between Korean and Filipino Oae-Jung, thouqht the same of his people.. soldiers laid the foundatlons for what is now a . Though we may be divided' by distance, by thriving friendship between our two countrles. language, and py culture.the Philippines and And in the same way that Filipino soldters the Republic of Korea share a simJiar history: .' . 'assistedin the defense of your democracy; so We surpassed the hurdles that our early ... ' too has your country displayed an extraordinary democracy presented; we survived and learned capacity to share. . from abrl ef encounter withca utho rita ria n ism;. . . Last year, the Republic of Korea was the .. .>: and from these experlences,.,We stand today as. . Philippines"fifth largest tradingp,artner; with total

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bilateral trade recorded at 6.59 billion dollars. (I but in our entire region. It is with our,' think there is a discrepancy in our figures, Your respective peoples in mind that we urge again Excellency. We will have to check with our the Democratic People's Republic of Korea not Department ofTrade;it seems their pencils are not to proceed with its planned launch. as sharp as yours.and I think your figures are We must work with each other in the spirit better than ours [laughter].) You were also one of of cooperation and with the goal of mutual' our top sources of investments for the .same year, success; stability, peace, and prosperity in our with 14.15 billion pesos coming into the country. region. And this requires all of us to continue to ~ The Philippines also has the largest Korean engage with each other, and the larger .corrimunlty in Southeast Asia, not counting the international community in ways that build thousands of Konian tourists that visit our country; confidence. The way forwa rd is for the DPRKto and similarly, nearly 50;000 Filipinos have found a engage the internattonal community and 'second home in the Republic of Korea. return to actions that promote confldenre-' , The latest example of their generosity is building amongst its nelqhbors, actually just a few meters away. The Human The 63 years of relations that the Republic Resource,Development Center next door is of Philippines and the Republic of Korea have being built through the collaboration among .sharee show us just how much w_ecan the Korean International (oo'peration Agency achieve when we work together, united under (KOICA); our Department of National Defense the ideals of democracy. And we are indeed (DND), and our Ierhnlcal Iducatlon and Skills succeeding. , Development Authority. This center will help us From the day that Filipino troops first in strengthening the skills of our countrymen, landed on the shores of Korea, to our recent so that they will be better equipped for experlenres of mutualeconomic success-a employment. Two thousand trainers and school little over six decades has shown us that if we administrators will be trained with thehelp of persist in looking after our brothers, if we are TESDA and Korean consultants~developing focused on improving not only our lives, but their capabilities 50 that their knowledge wiil the lives of others as well, wewlllbe able to redound to tens of thousands more Filipinos win' the peace of our generation. And when we ' trained and adequately prepared. For this, and achieve,this, when it is 'time for >ucceeding ,; for all the other W3.ySin which you have helped leaders and stakeholders to take up our work, us for the past six decades, you nave our perhaps then they will also say: we stand on undying gratitude; the shoulders of giants. ' Not so long ago, in November of 2010, tensions And before I end: I had the privilege of in the Korean peninsula required our working with watching a DVD presentation on the Korean you and oth er friends, to ensure the safety of (onflict, or the Korean Wa r, an d in a ne of the Filipinos in case of conflict. Much as this strengthscents, it showed members of the Philippine ened our mutual solidarity, it was an unnecessary Expeditionary Forces to Korea landing in Korea. burden on all of US, when we could have And all of the people disembarking from the concentrated on commerce and cooperation, No ship probably stood no taller than five feet, and ' one benefits from a return to those tension-filled they had helmets that looked like they were days,and itis predsely out of our desire to ' three sizes oversized for them. And one is promote the well-being of all our peoplesreminded: we gained our independence in' Korean and Filipino alike-that we express today 1946; by 1950, wewere helping others in our grave concems cver the Democratic People's distress ~eal with oppression against them. Republic of Korea's plans to launch what it claims What is striking is that Manila,as you know, as an earth observation satellite, but is widely , ~as second on Iy to Warsaw in Poland in terms believed to be a long-range ballistic missile test of destruction after World War II.We are told by between April 12 and 16. our historians that we lost one million of our , The use of ballistic mlsslle technology in any 12 million brethrenhetause of World War II.We launch violates UN Security Council Resolutions, were in the midst of trying to rebuild our and it presents risks to all concerned. It country, but yet, and I still say, when we sent increases tensions, particularly in the period of our troops there, that was a shining moment uncertainty leading up to the launch-where for our people and our race. We were able to no' one Is exactly sure of the trajectory of the shine when we had very little for ourselves. ' missile. Similarly, debris from the launch may And J think this is the route to go through to potentially iand in OUT territory. This is heedless advance to where we should be going. r----.".----~-:_ , provocation not only in the Korean Peninsula, Thank you, and good day. '. , r. --""--=_..,--,,,...-OFFIOE OF THE ARtdr\,;M't r- t'UtlLI\" A .... ::Aln~·..... r ernan .!1CU;UCllipil_{Ir.1a~¥imQO;CUIO - I el no. ,\ul, ~1I;t;·i693, ocal: 5287,5295 L

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PNP checkinl, report that NPA' hitmen infiltrated security agencies
~he Philippi:le National ~~bce (P,NP),said yc:sterday It IS IO?king ll:to claims that ass3ssITIS.or hitmen of the commurust Ne,I\,' P~0I:le's Army (NPA) have mfIltrated secu!ity agencies in Metro
M~~i1a, '.. ,... > We"wd,l be,:enfymg that report, saId PNP spokesperson Chief Supelintendent Agrimero Cruz. According to a report g~~en l?y a military analyst, NPA hitmen have ~a~ged ~et.~themselves hired ,as sec~nty guards posted ~ various pn;ilte and ~overnrnent estabhshments Inthe'

Obannamed new CDC chairman
By DING CERVANTES

allegedly passed

be-given theIr targets, According to the analyst who requested anonymity; these "sleeper" NPA hitmen have

mef:opolis~'hile waiting to

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the screening of the PNP for security guards. and were given licenses. "Most of the NPA rebels who are now ~eployed in the metropolis are working in various private and government establishments as blue guards," th~ military afta~ysl said, v, - Mike Frialde

CLARK FREEPORT, Pampanga _ President Aquino appointed former Armed Forces chief Eduardo Oban as Chairman of the state-owned Clark Development Corp. (CDC) which-runs this freeport. CDC president and chief executive officer Pelipe RemoIIo confirmed the appointment yesterday, RemoIlo said he tendered his resignation from CDC but the. President has not announced acceptance. Oban's appointment was relayed by the office of Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa r. to the members of the CDC board last Friday. . . Oban retired last December in the wake of the expose by former military budget officer retired George Rabusa on the diversion of funds for military personnel for the retirement cash gifts or "pabaon" of past top military officials. . Oban will take over the· CDC and replace Bases Conversion Development Authority (BCDA) president Arnel Casanova who held the post in acting capacity, . There had been appeals.from a number of investors here for Aquino not to accept Remollos resignation,

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~llFnow doubts ifpeace pact is possible under Aquino
By
, HE political leadership of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) expressed doubts on Saturday that a peace ,pact would be signed under the administration of President:Aquino, and blamed any·set- ' back of peace efforts to government chief " negotiator Marvic Leonen, , "Weare very doubtful now whether we can sign a peace deal with government under, this present administra-" tion ... What the government .peace panel; headed by Marvic Leonen, did in: the last talks' was never our immediate expectation, which is the reason we are vet much disappointed;' said Ghazali Iaafar, vice chairman for political affairs of the MILF,in a statement, Hetook note 'of Leonen's statement a s a "bluff;'when the latter said that the government is expecting a peace deal will be signed by the government of the Philippines (GPH) and the MILF in the fir'st quarter of 2012, which, he said; is near-ing "stalemate:'

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ZAFF SOLMERIN

.: Correspondent'

"The MILF is' never mewed by bluff;' [aafar said, adding thatLeonen's statement appears that the government was already giving the MILF an "ultimatum" to sign a peace agreement. "Surprisingly or not, that was a iSO-degree spin from the government shallow propaganda of a negotiated peace compact with the MILF in the first quarter. Now the world can see, clearly what was mere propaganda and the truthful stand of the government on the peace negotiations;' Iaafar said on , Leonen's "stalemate" assessment: Moved by Leonen's pronouncements after the round's of talks slated in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, from March 19 to 21, Jaafar said more than 200 MILF political officers from allover Mindanao convened for an assessment m,eeting in Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao. "The assessment of the political officers under our office. was the recently . concluded peace talks between the GPH and the MILF in Malaysia ...was very disappointing;' Jaafar said. He said the MILF was not expecting that there will be signing of a com-

prehensive peace compact: with the government during the last meeting but ·at least there can be a ,significant breakthrough that can strongly move forward the negotiations, "',' : .' . "Negotiation is much harder. of a . task than fighting, Our bU5ine~sis fighting. TheBangsamoro people and' our forebears had been fighting injustices and oppression for nearly five centuries now since the, time of Spanish colonialism in defense of homeland, identity, freedom and self-rule;' Iaafar said. Iaafar, however, declined to give details ~bout the last talks but pointed out that.they saw a "reversal on agreed prin. ciples and substantial agenda" which indicates insincerity and diminishing commitment to the peace talks on the part of the ·government. "There is really a problem ClOW with the government policy. The MILF just cant tell 'with certainty whether it is with the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process and/or, goverriment peace negotiating panel, headed by Dean Leonen, or in other departments of the government;' he said.
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PH joins allied forces parade
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SYDNEY-The Australia Philip- and reiterates the Filipino compines Services League (APSL) munity's commitment to be inwill wave the Philippine flag on volved in mainstream activities. Anzac Day honors the AusAnzac Day, ensuring it flies with Zealand troops pride alongside those of the Al- tralian-New lied Forces at the annual ,parade which stormed ashore at Gallipoli (Turkey) in 1915, where alonApril2S. OFfr(GE most all died when reinforceAPSL Supreme Conunander Col. Chris Pilao said that Anzac ments failed to arrive, APSL first joined the Anzac Day provides an. excellent opportunity for the Philippines to Day march in Sydney in 2005 . march with allies in Australia, and was then positioned at the

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tail of the UN Allied Forces. This year the APSL is placed between The Netherlands and Poland contingents in alphabetical order. Established in 2004, the APSL·comprises veterans of ariaus are~.~of conflict includ - ISl 5295 mg Korea, FlJI,Lebanon, Vietnam . and Mindanao, former service ~~-----' personnel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Aus-. tralian Defense Forces.
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P-3 Militar, K9 ikaka/at sa MM
Upang tu[Lingari ang istratehikong lugar parpulisya sa pagpapatupad tikular na sa transport . ng seguridad sa Metro terminals. Nabatid na sanhi ng Manila, maqdedeploy na rin ng sapat na puwersa patuloy na exodus ng ang AFP-National Capi- mga pasahero sa tertal Region Command at minal. daungan at pallmga K-9 dogs kaugnay parari ay pinaigting na ng paggunita sa Semana rin ng AFP ang kanilang security monitoring gaSanta. Ayon kay AFP Chief· yundin sa pag-ayuda sa of Staff Lt. Gen.. Jessie PNP para tiyakin ang kaDellosa. ang hakbang ay IIgtasanng mamamayan. Kabflang sa idealinsunod sa Joint Peace 'and Security Coordi- deploy ay 30-sundalo nating. Center (JPSCC) mula sa JointTask Force . sa pagitan ng PNP,AFP Land -NCR na bahagi ng at National Disaster Risk Reduction and.Manage-' rnent Council (NDRRMC).. . nniyak din ni Dellosa na handa ang tropa ng militar na magresponde sa anumang 'banta sa 'seguridad sa Semana Santa. . Una' nang inihayag ni NCRPO Chief P/Director Alan Purisima na aabot sa 7,000 pulis ang ipakakalat sa panahon ng Kuwaresma sa mga : augmentation sa Quezoo City Police District. 30 mula sa Joint Civir Military Operations TaSk Force na augmentation naman sa MMDA forces na naka-deploy sa mga bus terminal sa kahabasn ng ED8A at Araneta Center sa .Cubao, Quezon City; . JTF Maritime-NCR na paiigtingin narnan ang . sea marshal gayundin ang visibility patrols sa mga daungan. (l..ordeltJ Bonilla at Joy Cantos)

MILF skeptical about peace accord with Aquino qov't
By JOHN UNSON

AFp, PNP on guard'
for 'Holy Week ..
and
on

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THE AemedForoes of the Philippines (AFP) the Philippine National Police (PNP) will be guard iii observance of the Lenten. season as they joined hands in securing the public. '. Aeeordingto AFP Public Affairs Office (PAO)chief Col. Arnulfo Marcelo B. Burgos, AFP Chief ofStaff Lt .. Gen. Jessie D. Dellosa directed the military units to ensure that the public is safe and secure duringthe entire observance of the Holy Week.. He saidthat even if the AFP did not raise its alert, the Chief of Staff ordered his men and. women. to protect the public. . "I am not directing military units to raise their alert .status, however, -our unified commanders have full discretion' to. do so depending on their current assessment ofthe security conditions in their respective' localities and make the necessary security adjustment to ensure that the. week-long commemoration is safe and secure for our 'people,".Dellosa said. .' .:He said that the AFP is in close coordination with law enforcement agencies particularly the Philippine National Police (PNP). in securing .vital economic facilities and. populated areas nationwide. The AFPand PNP through the joint Peace ·.and Security Coordinating Centers (JPSCC) will conduct """"'"~~-= joint security operations to ensure the peaceful vahoo.com _ observance of the Lenten season. . Earlier., the AFP and PNP initiated proactive measures aimed' to secure 'vital economic facilities and populated areas against any form of threats and violence. Zaida delos Reyes·Palanea

COTABATO CITY-The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) is no longer opti-' mistic it can sinke a peace agreement with . the Aquino administration. "We have strong doubts now if the two panels could forge a final peace accord," Ghadzali J aafar; MILF's vice chairman for political affairs, told The STAIt. [aafar said more than 200 MILF commanders, who met in Maguindanao last. Friday, believe that the peace talks is not about to be concluded soon, contrary to the claims of some government officials. "In fact, the. outcome of the recent formal talks was disappointing for these commanders," [aafar said. Jaafar cited the statement of chief government negotiator Marvic Leonen during the start of the formal talks in Malaysia last March 19 that the negotiations were' headed for a stalemate. "That was a total turnaround from the previous statements by the government pane] that the negotiations are achieving breakthroughs and nearing completion," Jaafar said. J aafar said MILF commanders also took Leonen's statement as an ultimatum to the MILF. " The negotiating panels also failed to achieve any breakthrough in the latest round of formal talks in Malaysia, he added. .Jaafar, however, assured the public that the M~F is not turning its back on the negotiations. "We shall never waiver from our position of having this Mind- • anao problem resolved on the negotiating table," he said. For most :M1LF commanders, he said the only accomplislunent in recent talks was the imprimatur to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (arC) to observe the peace negotiations. .'. The orc, which is composed of 57 Muslim states, including petroleum-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa, helped broker. the Sept. 2, 1996 peace agreement between the government and the Moro National Liberation Front.

Tel no. (02) 8924693, Local: 5287, 5295

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MILITARY EXCHANGE
Armed Forces of the Phllippines Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Jessie D. Dellosa has called on his counterparts in the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) for an expanded milltary Interoperability and stronger intelligence exchange among neighbor nations. AFP spokesman Col. Arnulfo Marcelo Burgos Jr. said Dellosa made the call when he spoke during the three-day ASEAN Chiefs of Defense Forces Informal Meeting 2012 held in Cambodia from March 28-30. DeUosa's proposal cover four general areas of cooperation that are ongoing concerns of ASEAN Chief of Defense Forces Informal Meeting, and which have been prioritized by senior leaders in the. ASEAN Defense-Military Meeting and ASEAN Defense Senior Officials' Meeting. (Elena Aben)

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Court said that Lacsdn and Ver, together with Colonels Fidel. Singson, Rolando Abadilla, Gerardo Lane toria and Galileo Kintanar, Maj. Rodolfo Aguinaldo, Ll.t. Pedro Tango and M/Sgt: Bienvenido Balaba, were deprived of due'. process when they were ordered to pay damages without a chance to air their side. 'Lacson, former head of the Philippine National Police, worked at the notorious Metropolitan Command Intelligence and Security Group from 1971 until the fall of Ferdinand Marcos in 1986. The petitioners-Rogelio Aberca, Rodolfo Benosa, Nestor Bodino, Noel Etabag," Dan~10 de 1a Fuente and 14 others-said they were victims of illegal searches and seizures by the military's intelligence units in 1982" , The appellate court had ruled that the . petitioners had failed to follow the RTC's 1990 order that they report the addresses of the respondents for proper notifiesrion. W

reversal of case: vs Ver, Lacson
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Lawyers rap

,: ' A LAWYERS' group yesterday assailed a Supreme Court decision reversing a lower court's award of damages to alleged torture , victims of the late Gen. Fabian Ver, then Lt. Col. Panfilo Lacson and other ex-Marcos military officers, . The high court recently upheld a 2003 Court of Appeals ruling reversing the Quezon City Regional Trial Court's finding that Ver, Lacson (now a senator) and others should pay damages to .suspected subver- ' sives they had allegedly arrested and tortured. It said the RTC's decision. lacked "procedural due process," . The National Union of People's Lawyers (NUPL) said it was "appalled" by the SC ruling that put a premium on technicalities," adding that this was "a setback for all hu-', man rights victims who have been fightiNg' for justice." . .

By TJ Burgonio

Case dismissed and reversed
The lower court dismissed the case, but reversed it a year later, allowing the peti- . tioners to serve the notice on' Lacson and his coaccused by publishing it in a national daily.. ' . Lacson and the other living respondents failed to answer the complaint for damages and were declared in default, allowing the petitioners to submit evidence. , , Ruling on the available evidence, the court ordered the respondents to pay the petitioners P350,000 each in damages, The case was elevated to the Court of Appeals. . The case dragged on for almost three. decades. Olalia lamented that the victims spent a considerable amount of time and resources "so that no one may violate their rights with impunity only to bang into a wall of technicalities."

In bad faith
NtJIlL secretary general Edre Olalia denounced thedecision for "anchoring mere-, ly on thetedlI~iqa.litieS of pr~ce.dure ... ~·e:~ > void of any social context that has. often aided in the perpetuaticnof'impunity" He'Saitl:'the latest decision "fails to appreciate the; " peculiar circumstances with which the Vic- , tims brought their legitimate grievances to court." . Olalia added that the respondents "may have been in bad faith when they deliberately failed to show up at the procee&i1 ings." .. ,'

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US'-Korean relations:', and the Philippines
-'HE analysis by STRAlFOR's Ceorge Friedman of the US presence in the Korean Peninsula and what the Obarna administration can do about it should be of interest to us Filipinos. We too are a "special" friend and ally of the United States like South Korea, which hosts US military bases and personnel whose presence definitely preserves the peace on the . Korean Peninsula. . '. As t~e STRATFOR analysis postulates, even Russia (which, ' when It was the head of the Soviet Empire, was an aid-giver and moral supporter of Pyongyang) and China (which continues to be NK's closest ally, aid-giver and moral supporter), both of " which sometimes make polemical statements about the US ' military presence, are quite happy that the has not with- , drawn from South Korea. This is because China's ward might ,be emboldened to crazily attack Seoul, invade it and provoke a war that.nobody wants. South Korea and China are turning out to be great business partners, something that Chinavalues. '' ~resident~~uin'o has correctly announced that it is his policy to expand military cooperation with the United States, like increasing the military exerdsesand the Balikatan activities But . also very correctly he has affirmed his unwillingness to weI: , come permanent US military bases in our country, , ','. ' We have been insisting that our policy to retain and even. expand our long-standing military alliance with America, has nothing to do with China. We are dependent on the United States for the major improvements in our military capability to defend ourselves from an external aggressor. Right now the only state that has been the source of citizens and, ' " military units committing acts of aggression against ~s; is ,. C~in~, Chinese Navy vessels have intimidatedPhilippine ' seismic survey people to move out of waters and islets.that definitely belong to .our country in the West Philippine Sea (also called the South China Sea)., ".,' " ,,' But it is the truth when we tell China that any improvementS" th~~ks to American aid and loans, in our preparedness and ' ability t,o put ~p ,~ figh.tagainst an external enemr is not being d~~ewlth China III mind. We have had programs to equip our, military more adequately and train our soldiers better even, ,' before the Philippines and the PRC entered into formal diplomatic relations, . '" Another sign of our military dependence on America' is'the request our President was reported to have madeto the US for help in knocking out the North Korean missile if it threatens to hit any part of the Philippines. Our rabid anti-Americansare frothing about that issue, But seeking help from the United -.' States to save the skulls of Filipinos on whom the NoKor·, ' missile might fall is nothing to be ashamed off.

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The Obama administration is called upon by its own logic to extricate itself from the expensive commitment of ground, troops to the Korean Peninsula. But as Dr. George Friedman writes in his analysis it would be hard for America to do so. ' ' , "At this point, it would be difficult for the United States to ' withdraw from South Korea. The North Korean nuclear threat fixes the situation in place, ,even for troops that aren't relevant' to that threat The troops could be withdrawn, but they won't be because the inertia of the situation makes it easier to leave them there than withdraw. As for the South Koreans, they , simultaneously dislike the American presence and want it there, since it ensures US military involvement in any crisis, ' "While the US troop presence in Korea may not make the' most sense in a global US military strategy, it ironicallyseems ' to fit, at least for now, theinterests of the Chinese.South ',' Koreans and Japanese, and even in some sense the North " Koreans, The United States,' as the global power, therefore is locked into a deployment that does not match the regional requirements, requires endless explanation and is the source of frequent political complications. What we are left with is a US " strategy not based necessarily on the current situation but one tied to a historical legacy, left in place by inertia and held in place by the North Korean nuclear 'threat:"

UStroop withdrawal from South Korea

Denucle~rization of the Korean Peninsula
One of the goals of the recently conduded i012Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul is precisely todevise ways of persuading the North Korean rulers to give up their phantom delight in being a nuclear power. "' When American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton recently met South Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung-Hwan-arnong the wide range of Issues they discussed was denuclearization of the peninsula, ", She reiterated the US position that the United States remains committed to achieving a lasting peace on a denudearized , Korean Peninsula,' ' ,, "Our position." she said, "has not changed. While we remain open to direct engagement with North Korea, we remain finn in our resolve and our shared position that Pyongyang must improve its relations with the Republic of Korea."

US·SK comprehensive security alliance'

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In 2009, the United States and the.Republicof Korea agreed to a comprehensive security alliance. That laid the foundation for comprehensive cooperation between the two countries. That cooperation has come to characterize their transatlantic relationship. That is happening at this time when changes in global dynamics make it more necessary for the United States to have more Asian partners who 'Share common regional and: global interests with it. '. The Philippines should seek a more comprehensive security , , alliance with the US. '

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and for the hermetic state to show its sincerity - if the staUed"Six Party" aid-fordisarmament talks are to re-start. Nuclear tensions In North Asia, tensions (Last of Two Parts) have escalated in recent weeks after NoKor announced it would launch a By FIDEL V. RAMOS long-range rocket in April, Former Philippine President , which the US believes is intended to test a missile ca"Weface threats posed by nuclear pable of delivering a nuclear weapons. Tens ofthou.sands remain warhead. global arse" __ - ... Obama also warned nals, many on North Korea directly from high a!ert..." the DMZ on the 38th paral- UN SecleI to abandon its nuclear Gen Ban Kiambitions, declaring that its Moon, Jakarta, erratic behavior and war21 March 2012 mongering would not be HE threat of rewarded with goodwill or weapons of mass destruction material aid. which has really never disappeared In Jakarta last 21March, _has intensified with the flip-flopping UN Secretary General Ban ofyoung North Korean dictator Kim" Ki-moon expressed his disJong-Un~ACCordingtoexperts,these appointment with current are still thousands of nuclear weapefforts for nuclear disarmaons, some under the control of mavment. He stated: "Billionsof ericks or neophytes like the rulers of dollars are being squandered Iran and North Korea, respectively. in modernizing arsends, deThis means there exists the everspite pressing social needs. present danger of "mutually assured "Nuclear weapons do destruction," or mass suicide on the nothing to protect humanglobal scale. After all, it really takes kind from 21st century the explosion of just one nuclear threats. Their very exiswarhead by a high-strung or despertence itself is destabilizing. ate Commander-in-Chief to trigger We must do more to control an unceasing series of devastating nuclear materials and crack counter-fires across borders, and down on proliferation financthus set the world aflame. ing," As Reuters reported (25March), SecGenBancomplained: the US is poised to cancel planned "There is a growing impaaid to North Korea over the latter's tience with the slow pace of announcement that it will soon launch nucJear disarmament.I urge a long-range missile, thereby "overthe members ofthe UNConshadowing" the summit ofworld leadference on Disarmament to ers committed to nuclear security redouble their efforts. It's which President Obama attended in unacceptable that during fue Seoul this week. last 12 years, they have not Earlier, the US President had been able to agree even on bluntly urged China to use its influ- __ .a work programme ...""" [ ence to persuade North Korea to AfiF'AIRS - Email,adCl:~cpa_hpa!S'¥ahg.o,c( refrain from further provocations " """ ." "

Empowering the Filipino People!.

GLOBAL THREATS

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"Protecting against further global recession At the 2012 Jakarta Defense Dialogue last week s , FVR discussed the nonmilitary threats to human national, regional and global security due to economic recession. He urged Asia-Pacific nations "to protect our stillfragile economies from contagion byfuture global financialcrises. Our region should now actualize preliminary efforts to set up an ''Asian Monetary FUnd," The Japanese proposed such a step during the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Tokyo offered US$100 billion as "seed money" for such a regional reserve system to backstop the IMF (whose policy prescriptions all too often reflect Western bias). Because ofintense Western resistance, the East Asian governments eventually shelved the ''Asian Monetary FUnd"idea. But, three years later, ASEAN-10 and three powers - China, Japan, and South Korea-signed the "Chiang Mai Initiative" in their meeting in Thailand. In effect, they agreed to" hold each other's national financial assets in reserve - as the beginning of a .cooperative arrangement to st;engthen their collective ability to Withstand future economic crises. Our countries also need to work together to shore up the authority of the 0-20 economic grouping, which reflects the rise of the "emerging countries" in the global economy. It is ~n Asia's collective interest that the G·20 - of which China India South Korea, and Indonesia ~r~ now major players - should become the premier institution for global economic governance - superseding the Western-oriented IMF and World ~ Bank. . ""

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of such disputes. Basically, UNCLOS In fact, we must do no less than "The Economist reports that declares the high seas as open 'to all construct a new global balance ofeeo"China has plans of winning informainnocent passage, and not subject to nomic power, in response to the way tionised wars by the mid-21st century, the monopolistic claims of any single the center of global gravity is shifting, and notes that Russia, Israel, Iran and state. away from the Atlantic Ocean toward North Korea likewise are organizing Our region has many other sourcthe Pacific. for cyberwar." es of future tensions. A resurgence of Implieatluns ofcyber warfare Constructing a. new balance of Japan-China historical wounds - the Very little is still publicly known power absence of North-South Korea rapabout "cyber warfare" which can tarSince the end ofWWII, the United port - China-Tibet problems - border get military organizations, financial States has been the fulcrum of the disputes - intrusion by resourceinstitutions, and even private banking Asian power balance because of its hungry neighbors, etc. - any ofthese accounts and copyright holdings. military presence. Pax Americana could generate dangerous shooting In the eyes of experts like William (American Peace) has given East conflicts. Lynn, US Deputy Defense Secretary, Asian states - principally China - the Maintaining The Strategic Bal"cyber warfare is the new domain breathing spell to put their houses ance in national security which is just as in order, considering that it is the For second-tier states like our critical to military operations as land, American market that enabled them ASEAN-io, the essential and urgent sea, air, and space." CW is a form of to grow their economies at the world's need is to help maintain the strategic information warfare through which fastest rare. balance, and not to fall under anyone sabotage, espionage and disruption Now, our collective task in the great power's sphere of influence. are conducted against the assets of a Asia-Pacific is to replace the Americountry, institution, or individual. AIcan Peace with a Pax Asia-Pacifica by . To his credit, our AFP Chief of Staff Jessie Dellosa did a masterful preready; according to 2010 US Congresbuilding a new power structure that sentation of Philippine Civil-Military sional reports, "key sectors ofthe US integrates emerging powers into the along with othernations are currently existing regional system. We must i operations at 2012 JIDD. ASEAN's basic task must be to orat risk, among them public/private construct an Asia-Pacific power balganize a concert of powers to regulate facilities, baokinglfinance,transportaance that acknowledges both Ameriand manage military rivalries or arms tion/communications, manufacturing! ca's claim to being a Pacific power and build-ups through deepened bonds logistics, and individual assets - all of gives rising China and other emerging of "caring, sharing and daring" for which are dependent on computers powers a role in writing the rules of each other in order to attain enduring for daily operations. the new regional order. peace and sustainable development The theft of intellectual property Over the foreseeable future, the for all. by hackers, the leaking out of fiction US will still wield the greatest influSuch a concert of powers must disguised as fact, and the uploading ence on global affairs - whether take the lead in establishing the inof propaganda and other libelous militarily; economically or culturally. stitutions, binding commitments and "blind shots" ate now common occurBut even America cannot act unilatermultilateral agreements that are our rences. In fact, of boring frequency ally any longer; because other poles best hope of channeling the groware reports of losses of bank deposits of economic and· military power are ing influence of emerging countries because of one's carelessness in the rising. towards peaceful and humanitarian use of ATMs, credit cards, and other Washington has vowed to refocus purposes. documents constaining biometric American military power On threats Please send any comments to information. rising in the Asia-Pacific. For the US, jvr@rpdev.org. Copies of articles are In May, 2010, the Pentagon set its militarypresence on the peripheravailable at www.rixiev.org. up its new US Cyber Command unies of the China Mainland may be a der the National Security Agency to kind of "forward defense." defend American military networks. But for the Chinese, this may repThe ED has set up the European resent a vestige of colonialism; and Network and Information Security the humiliation theyendured under Agency, while the UK has organized the great powers for 150 years. a cyber-security centre based in its We must expect this state of affairs Government Communications Headto generate greater tensions in East quarters (equivalent of the NSA). Asia. So, too, will China's extravagant The US Cyber Command, however, is claims to the totality of the South designed only to protect the military China Sea. whereas government and corporate As a framework for dealing legally _ infrastructures are primarily the _ with th~?e ~ompeting claims, w~ of-=-_~:---..".....__,,...- _;___,,,_.. _ ---, r--::responsibility of the Department of . the Philippines look to the United .. ., ~HomelandSecurityandprivatecom~ Natio~~ Convention on the Law: of:-'i"elno.(OZ)_8~N69 panies, respectively. the-Sea for the peaceful resolution :___---'--"-"--~~_:__:~~::_~-'--~_........J

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'Eye In The Sky
PANAHON na naman, mga kababayan, ng :taunang pag-alala nating ruga Kristyano ng Semana Santa. Ito ang tamang oras ng ating pagmumuni-muni kung saantayo nagkulang sa ating pakikitungo sa kapwa tao, nagkasala't nakasakit ng damdamin ng iba. Dito na rin natin naaalala ang sakripisyo ni Hesu Kristo para tayo ngay- . on ay mamuhay ng malaya kasalanan. Marami rin sa atin ang hindi makalimot sa mga kuwento't aral na natutunan natin noong tayo'y nagsimula pa lang mag-aral tungkol sa ating pananarnpalataya. Ang imahen ng isang sundalo ang pal aging sumasagi sa utak ng karamihan dahil ang panahong ginalawan noon ni Hesu Kristo ay panahon ng panunupil at pananakop ng mga higanteng bansa. Di ba si Kristo ay pinahirapan ng mga ayaw sa dala niyang prinsipyo sa pamamagitan ng mga mababangis na sundalong ipinadala para siya'y dakpin na nagtapos sa pagkapako sa krus? Aug kuwento ng ating pananampalataya ay kuwento ng sakripisyo'y paglalaban ng makataru-ngang paniniwala laban sa mga pag-iisip at paniniwala ng mga may masasamang hangarin sa

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lipunan. Si Panginoong Hesusang siyangpinaka-ehemplo ng karakter na yan. ' , Pero sa kasaJukuyang lipunan natin, ang sundalo ay hindi na aug siyang na naipinta sa kapanahunan ng Hesu Kristo. Siya na ngayon ang nagsasakripisyo para sa taumbayan. Ipinagpalit niya ang kanyang pagkakataong rnamuhay ng normal daia na rin ng katotobanan na ang propesyong pagsusundalo ay hindi isang propesyon kung saan ikaw ay maaring mamili ng klase ng buhay mo. Ito ay buhaypara lamang sa mga gustong maglingkod sa kapwa, sa mga matatapang humarap sa karnatayan para itong bansa natin ay hindi na muling maging alipin ng mga mananakop 0 ng banyagangkaisipan. Ang Semana Santa ay akmang panahon para muli nating alamin kung ano ang mga sakripisyong ginagawa para sa atin ng ating mga magi-: gi-ting na sundalo. Kung paano minsa'y ay tinatalikuran na ng iilan sa kanila ang kanilang mga pamilya't kaibigan dala na rin ng pagkalayong mga itosa isa't isa. . Ang panalangin ko ria sana hindi.lamang sa Semana Santa natiri maalala't ipagpugay ang kadakilaan, ng sakrisyong patuloy na inihahandog sa atin ng mgamagigiting nating kasundaluhan.

al ang sundalo

Seman a Santa

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