F1.

2UD2

Department of Mathematics

F1.2UD2 Advanced Calculus Duration: 2 Hours March 2006

Attempt all questions. A University approved calculator may be used for basic computations, but appropriate working must be shown to obtain full credit.

F1.2UD2, Advanced Calculus: 2006 Exam

1. (a) Show that y = e−5x is a solution of dy d2 y +6 + 5y = 0. 2 dx dx (b) Find the solution of the differential equation dy = x2 y dx satisfying y(0) = 1. (c) Find the general solution of the differential equation dy − 2y = e4x . dx [15 marks]

2. (a) Let f (x, y) = x2 + xy + y 3 . Find

∂f ∂f ∂2f ∂x , ∂y , ∂x∂y

and

∂2f . ∂x2

(b) Let u(x, y) = x2 y, where x = t2 + 1 and y = 3t3 − 1. Use the chain rule to find du . dt (c) Show that u(x, t) = e−t (cos 2x + sin 2x) is a solution of ∂2u ∂u =4 . 2 ∂x ∂t [15 marks]

3. (a) Let f (x, y) = x3 y + xy 3 . Use linear approximation to estimate the value of f (0.999, 2.002). (b) The volume of a circular cylinder is given by V = πr 2 h, where r is the radius of the base and h is the height. Estimate the percentage change in V if r and h increase by 2%. [10 marks]

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4. (a) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve x = 2t + 1, y = t3 − 4, z = t2 at the point (3, −3, 1). (b) Let f (x, y, z) = xy 2 z 3 . Find the directional derivative of f at the point (1, −2, 1) in the direction (1, −1, 3). (c) Find the equation of the tangent plane to the surface x2 + xy + 4y 2 − 2z 2 = 17 at the point (1, 2, 1). [15 marks]

5. Locate and determine the nature of the stationary point of the function f (x, y) = 2x2 − 5y + y 5 . [10 marks]

6. (a) Evaluate
4 0 0 2

(x3 y + 5y) dydx. (b) Find the volume under the surface z = x2 + 2y 2 above the triangle with vertices (0,0), (0,1) and (1,0) in the xy-plane. [15 marks]

7. (a) Use polar coordinates to evaluate (x + y) dA
R

where R is the semi-circular region x2 + y 2 ≤ 4, y ≥ 0 in the xy-plane. (b) Sketch the region of integration for the double integral
4 0 2 √ y

ex dxdy.

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By interchanging the order of integration, evaluate it. [20 marks] END OF PAPER

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