Comparing Numbers

Beginning Classwork
Solve for the Variables 1. 3x = 36 3. 7x = 128 2. 5x = 95 4. 14x = 1746

A RATIO is when you compare two values using division, (like a probability)
Joey pitched the ball 32 times. Of those he threw 18 strikes.

The RATIO of strikes to the total is:

18 strikes 32 thrown

=

9 strikes 16 thrown

Write the RATIO of the following situations on your classwork paper, and then reduce them to simplest form.
1. John drinks two sodas every time he eats 2 sodas three hot dogs.

3 hot dogs

3. Sandra finds 5 flowers in two hours. 5 flowers 4. Rafael travels 240 miles in 4 hours

2 hours

240 miles = 60 miles 4 hours 1hour

When you find two Ratios that are equal, it is a special time to celebrate!!!

5 flowers= 10 flowers 4 hours 2 hours
2 4
This is called a PROPORTION !!

Sometimes you will be asked if two ratios form a proportion (are equal).

3 equal to Is 8

15 ? 40

=

3 8

Sometimes, you can just reduce them Yay! to compare them They are equal!!
It’s a PROPORTION!!!! PROPORTION

Then take the Sometimes it is too ridiculous to reduce “CROSS PRODUCTS” them. (multiply criss-cross)

456 equal to 7752 Is 40205 2365
(x)

?

If they are equal, Just write a then it’s them next to each other PROPORTION!!!
(456)•(40205)

(7752)•(2365)

18333480

= 18333480

Try some on your classwork paper. Don’t hurt yourself…Use a calculator !!
Are 4 and 32 equal? 16 128

Are 756 and 1428 proportional ? 1526 3008

2 5

We can also use cross products when trying to solve an equation involving ratios. Solve the Proportion: Step 1: Set your ratios (x) Step 2: equal to one Take the another. crossproducts and set them equal to each other.

k = 90 = • 5k = 180

Step 3: Solve it like normal !!

Ratio Skills in The REAL WORLD!!!
Joey can drive 245 miles in 3 hours. How long will it take Joey to drive 800 miles? Write

out Just compare the ratiosthe ratios & solve!!!
245 miles 3 hours

=

Now 800 miles Solve it X hours using cross products !!

Judy earns $1345 per day at her job. How long will it take Judy to earn at least $10,000 ?

Write the ratios !!

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