REPORT No. 460

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF
78 RELATED AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS
IN THE VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL
By EASTMAN N. JACOBS, KENNETH E. WARD
and ROBERT M. PINKERTON
Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory

REPRINT OF REPORT No. 460, ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED NOVEMBER 1933

27077 0-36-1

1

BRIGGS. (An independent Government establishment. COOK.D. California. M.S. LYMAN J. KING. BENJAMIN D.. CHARLES G. No. Rear Admiral. ORVILLE WRIGHT. MARVIN. ERNEST J. Director of Aeronautical Research. Washington. HENRY J. Johns Hopkins University. Bureau of Aeronautics. Navy Department. VICTORY. HARRY F. Chief.D. Director. WASHINGTON. KING. Navy Department. LEWIs. AMEs... EDWARD P. WILLIAM P. Washington. PRATT. TAYLOR. D. WILLIAM F.C. Ph. United States Army. WILLIAM P. ABBOT. LINDBERGH. CHARLES A.C. 70th Congress). D.D. ABBOT..B. CHARLES G. 908. United States Navy. Captain. ERNEST J. Wright Field. War Department. LINDBERGH. Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering. Port Washington.1915. Washington. Washington. E. Ohio. New York City. New York. Long Island.. ARTHUR B." New York City. D..C. created by act of Congress approved March 3. Secretary. Chief of Air Corps. United States Weather Bureau. Chairman.D. for the supervision and direction of theselentific study of the problems of flight. all of whom serve se. Langley Field. M. Vice Chairman. D. LL. Washington. JOHN F. CHARLES F. Assistant Chief. BENJAMIN D. Chief. Baltimore. Washington. Dayton. VICTORY. DURAND. Its membership was increased to 15 by act approved March 2. Technical Assistant in Europe.C. MACCRACKEN. Bureau of Standards. Sc. Vice Chairman. MARVIN. Major General. Ohio. United States Navy.) JOSEPH S. Air Corps. Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. PRATT. President. Washington. Stanford University. Secretary. Jr. JOHN J.C.C. DAVID W. HENRY C.. Brigadier General... WARNER. Va.. IDE. HENRY C. D. JOHN F. D. GUGGENHEIM. Paris. Mat€riel Division.NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS NAVY BUILDING. Chairman. Sc. Chief. D.C. D. FOULOIS.C. EDWARD P. Smithsonian Institution.D. BRIGGS. Secretary. Eng. Editor "Aviation. CHARLES F. Md. MACCRACKEN. Jr. Dayton.. Ph. Washington. Bureau of Aeronautics. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE JOSEPH S.D. 1929 (Public. Ph. DAVID W. D.. Ph. It eonsista of members who are appointed by the President. ORVILLE WRIGHT. WARNER. Franed. AMEs. Engineer in Charge. such without compensation. Fo ULOIS. Sc. CHARLES A. LYMAN J.A. TAYLOR. .D.C. REID. COOK. D. United States Army. GEORGE W. ARTHUR B.

airfoils such as the R. The mean lines were obtained by varying the camber and by varying the shape of the mean line to alter the position of the maximum mean-line ordinate. characteristics with variations in thickness and mean-line Without a knowledge of the variations of the aerodynamic characteristics of the airfoil sections with the form were therefore systematically studied.A. The purpose of the investigation reported herein was distribution. e. because the results may be correlated to indicate the trends of the aerodynamic characteristics mean line and in the thickness distribution. the designer cannot reach a satisfactory balance obtained by varying the maximum thickness of a basic between the many conflicting requirements. 460. with thin-airfoil theory. developed from airfoil profiles investigated in England.A. A number of values of these shape variables Reynolds Number of a wide variety of related airfoils. 460 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF 78 RELATED AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN THE VARIABLE-DENSITY RIND TUNNEL By EASTMAN N. The related airfoil profiles for this investigation were derived by changing systematically these shape variables. The cambered profiles were then developed by combining these thickness forms with various mean lines. ture. The shown by additional curves and tables. Previously. the result of investigations made at Gottingen of a large number of airfoils. All these investigations.. the airfoils developed may not be the optimum ones for full-scale application. were used to derive a family of airfoils. The variation of the aerodynamic statement is particularly true of the choice of the wing. were made at low values of the Reynolds Number. a structural standpoint.C. study the effects of certain other changes in the form of the Finally. The results are presented in the standard . however. The tests were could be satisfactorily correlated. several of the most satisfactory airfoil for a given application supplementary airfoils have been. The results will greatly facilitate the choice to 68 airfoils of this family.A.F. A table is also given by means of which the important characteristics of all the tain profile-thickness forms disposed about certain airfoils may be conveniently compared. they may point the way to the representing the airfoil characteristics for infinite aspect design of new shapes having better characteristics. where possible. Airfoil profiles may be considered as made up of cerratio and for aspect ratio 6. The design of an efficient airplane entails the careful made to provide data that may be directly employed for a rational choice of the most suitable airfoil section for a balancing of many conflicting requirements. The major shape variables then become the aerodynamic characteristics with changes in shape is two. with certain mean lines. obtained by varying the length and the position of the maximum mean-line to obtain the characteristics at a large value of the ordinate. In addition to these.A.E REPORT No. The maximum ordinate . the form of the mean line determines almost independently some summary of which is presented in an appendix.S. A comparison thickness form is of particular importance from a is made. the thickness form and the mean-line form. PINKERTON REPRINT OF REPORT No. 15 and the U. The variation of mean lines. symmetrical airfoils of varying thickness being obtained by the application of factors to the basic ordinates. The related airfoil profiles for this investigation were variations of shape that affect the weight of the strucdeveloped by combining certain profile thickness forms.graphic form with changes of shape. and ROBERT M.g. ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED NOVEMBER 1939 SUMMARY ence 1) but. JACOBS. 27. with the exception of the M-series and a An investigation of a large group of related airfoils series of propeller sections. On the other hand. For the purposes The benefits of such a systematic investigation are of this investigation the construction and tests were limited evident. directly or indirectly. included in order to and should eliminate much routine airfoil testing. the angle of zero lift and the pitching-moment characteristics. KENNETH E. were widely used. More recently a number of airfoils have been tested in the variable-density wind tunnel at values of the Reynolds Number approaching those of flight (refer- of the most important aerodynamic properties of the airfoil section. the airfoils have not been was made in the N. therefore. variable-density wind tunnel systematically derived in such a way that the results at a large value of the Reynolds Number. This given application. WARD. INTRODUCTION The forms of the airfoil sections that are in common use today are. The symmetrical profiles were defined in terms of a basic thickness variation.

5 .0031 49. 1/ — 0. DESCRIPTION OF AIRFOILS Well-known airfoils of a certain class including the Gottingen 398 and the Clark Y.35160x 2 + 028430x3 — 0. 0012 airfoil is a symmetrical airfoil having a maximum thickness of 12 percent of the chord.C.7 .I 5.C.A.9261 7. and the 24 series (reference 7).A.28430 x' -0.28430e-0.0001 10.6031 9.A.8051 &9091 9. Thickness variation The tests were made in the variable-density wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics during the period from April 1931 to February 1932. the 43 and 63 series (reference 4). are nearly alike when -their camber is removed (mean line straightened) and they are reduced to the same maximum thickness. and applying a factor to the ordinates of the resulting thickness curves to bring them to the same maximum thickness.29690. which have proved to be efficient. .2 ./. Points obtained by removing the camber from the Gottingen 398 and the Clark Y sections.A. the 45 (4) Nose shape X=0. radius. the maximum thickness in percent of the chord.1 at 0. airfoils.002110.sod 1 7d u.1 dy/dx = 0 (2) Ordinate at trailing edge x=1 y=0. the N.REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS of the mean line 2s referred to throughout this report as the If the chord is taken along the x axis from 0 to 1.234 bered airfoils. the 44 and 64 series (reference 6).823107 .A. t y = 0.10150x' Basic ordinates of N.0721 8. x=0. and a maximum thickness of 15 percent of the chord. 4. This equation was taken to define the basic section. airfoils. (1) Maximum ordinate 0. 1 84.3 y=0. An airfoil.29690 Arx_- Ord____.1/x-0.O 0. and the last the ordinates y are given by an equation of the form f y = ad ^x + ax + a2 x2 + a3x' + a4x4 The equation was adjusted to give the desired shape by imposing the following conditions to determine the constants: two. is designated by a number of four digits: the first indicates the camber in percent of the chord.^^olo^° a - N.10150x4 Preliminary results which have been published in- clude those for 12 symmetrical N. and 65 series (reference 5).0 1 O 1 31 157 4.4131 01. family airfoils (percent of chord) ±v = 0. 210 L. Sections having any desired maximum thickness were obtained by multiplying the basic ordinates by the proper factor. A. camber of the airfoil and the position of the maximum ordinate of the mean line as the position of the camber.A.8 . the second.40.9 /. the position of the camber in tenths of the chord from the leading edge.A. 398 /0 . produced as described above.12600x — 0. family t_e r O ^e + Clark Y o Gdtt.8721 92.4 .3581 5.C.344 1 1 0. An equation defining the shape was used as a method of producing fair profiles.1 y = 0./ . C.12600 x -0. The basic profile and a table of ordinates are given in figure 1. 2315 airfoil has a maximum camber of 2 percent of the chord at a position 0. the 00 series (reference 2) and other sections having different nose shapes (reference 3).35160x' +0.078 The following equation satisfying approximately the above-mentioned conditions represents a profile having a thickness of approximately 20 percent of the chord.10150x') .A.C.A. A thickness variation similar to that of these airfoils was therefore chosen for the development of the N. are plotted on the above figure for comparison.A.12600x-0. that is ±y.29690. and those for 42 cam- .002 (3) Trailing-edge angle x=1 dy/dx= —0. FIGURE I. In addition to the systematic series of airfoils.35160x2 +0. A.6 .3 chord Thus the N.=6-t (0.E. several supplementary airfoils have been included in order to study the effects of a few changes in the form of the mean line and in the thickness distribution.C.3 of the chord from the leading edge.

.99963 -.12863 . Referring to the diagram. .0307 1.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL where t is the maximum thickness. the ordinate yt of the thickness form is measured along the perpendicular to the mean line from a point on the mean line at the station along the chord corresponding to the value of x for which yt was'computed.3000 . yt/ Rodius fhrough end of chord -...00585 .Iota r` 2 0 20 ae) (aft of maximum ordinate) When the mean lines of certain airfoils in common use were reduced to the same maximum ordinate and compared it was found that their shapes were quite different. the symbol 0 is employed to designate the angle between the tangent to the mean line and the x axis. arbitrarily defined by two parabolic equations of the form yo= be+ b i x+ b2 X2 where the leading end of the mean line is at the origin and the trailing end is on the x axis at x=1.. cos 0 x l =x+y t sin 0 y t =yr -y.04503 -..01250 1 .07347 0 -. that the range of shapes could be well covered by assuming some simple shape and varying the maximum ordinate and its position along the chord.04898 tan a 10. sin e 0 0 . namely.. y.00037 -.-Method of calculating ordinates of N. cambered airfoils. cos a v.93375 0.C.00218 x. .03683 0.00 Sample calculations for derivation of N. . however.30000 . The center for the leading-edge radius is placed on the tangent to the mean line at the leading edge. The resulting upper and lower surface points are then designated: values of the constants for both equations were then where the subscripts u and l refer to upper and lower surfaces. .16897 y.. respectively.. sin a yt = yt .0218 Slope of radius through and of chord. Ordinates y„ and yt B=Ion-' 9 yt dx v Mean /ins P1 p Chord ^ Or /xt . yo=m(maximum ordinate) dye/dx = 0 The resulting equations defining the mean line then became Myr= p2 I2Px .07327 -.35793 0 -..07988 ./O L x x„ = x . sine Yu ' Y + yt cos B xt = x + y.10503 . The The method of combining the thickness forms with the mean-line forms is best described by means of the diagram in figure 2.37140 0.98662 -..00084 0. In addition to these symbols.. It was observed. sin 6 ya =y.06000 .y.yt cos e /.38333 .A.03094 .. ue 0 0 0. This angle is given by expressed in terms of the above variables.am v..01186 0.16503 . 0 m 0 0.10503 ./0- - Stations x„ and x..0218 . The line joining the extremities of the mean line is chosen as the chord.. 6821 z 0 0.00489 ..+y.A.92840 . cos 0 Sample calculations are given in figure 2..80585 .0037 z..59415 .07906 1 ... FIGURE 2. The mean line was.0221 0 ..A.A.02805 .03314 0.40000 sin v aos a 0. therefore.30000.el (forward of maximum ordinate) The following formulas for calculating the ordinates may now be derived from the diagram: xa =x-y. The leading-edge radius is found to be and yr=(1 p)2 [(1-2P)+2Px-el a =' .01438 -0.99731 0 -.. (1) Mean-line extremities X=0 y^=0 X=1 y'=0 (2) Maximum ordinate of mean line 6 = tan-1 dx x=p (position of maximum ordinate) y Oa lxa..C. ya .17143 -.

Three groups of supplementary airfoils were also constructed and tested. four values of the camber.21. APPARATUS AND. each group containing airfoils of different thicknesses but having the same mean line. Two sets of trailing-edge ordinates are given.7 were used to derive the related sections of this family.18.airfoils.15.REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS A family of related airfoils was derived in the manner described. 0. and pitching moment about a point on the chord one quarter of the chord behind its forward end were made at a Reynolds Number of approximately 3. which are made of duralumin. and 0. approximately 20 atmospheres).C. 0. 0. 0. 0.04. drag. 0. and 0. Tables of ordinates at the standard stations are given in the figures presenting the aerodynamic characteristics. Table I gives the important characteristics of all the. 0. tions. These ordinates were obtained graphically from the computed ordinates for all but the symmetrical sec06 2206 2209 -G X09 001Z. 0.A. METHODS A description of the variable-density wind tunnel and the method of testing is given in reference 8. The derivation of these airfoils will be considered later with the discussion.4. 0. 0. 0. Groups of airfoils were first tested to study the variations with thickness.000 (tank pressure. and 0. They were constructed from the computed ordinates by the method described in reference 8. The profiles of the airfoils derived are shown collectively in figure 3. RESULTS The results are presented in the standard graphic form (figs. . The tested to study the variations with changes in the mean line. sWoll pmffiw. and six values of the position of the camber. the infinite aspect ratio characteristics from the earlier test have been indicated by additional points on the figure.^1 '^ -2421 ^_ C_^ ^' 2218 ^----2.09. Those inclosed by parentheses. represent ordinates to which the surfaces are faired.2.3.—N. Finally. For the purposes of this investigation the construc- tion and tests were limited to 68 of the airfoils.6.5.06. Where more than one test has been used for the analysis. 4 to 80) as coefficients corrected after the method of reference 8 to give airfoil characteristics for infinite aspect ratio and aspect ratio 6.A.506 2606 2509 2609 2612 2706 2709 -^2712 2615 -^ 8 ' ^ 2618 2918 -^ ^ 4206 4306 4406 4506 4606 4706 4209 4309 4409 4509 4609 4709 9212 4312 4412 4512 4612 4712 4215 4315 4415 4515 4615 4715 4218 4318 4418 4518 4618 4718 4221 4321 4421 4521 4621 9721 — 6206 6306 6406 6506 6606 6706 6209 6309 6409 6509 6609 6709 6212 6312 6412 6512 6612 6712 6218 6318 6418 6518 6618 ^-6718 6221 6321 6421 6521 6621 0025 F—E 6721 3.00.06. Seven values of the maximum thickness. which are given to facilitate construction. In the construction of the models the trailing edges were rounded off.12.'— 2212_ 2215 O55 C L 0-018 -^ models.25.000. have a chord of 5 inches and a span of 30 inches.02. Routine measurements of lift. all airfoils having a thickness of 12 percent of the chord were 2406 2306 2409 2309 2312 ^2412 X315 2318 2418 _. 0.. 0. 0.

009 -4.5/2 -3.2 14 Lift coefficient.44 l N 1.8 8 .4 Lift coefficient./. C.88.4 .4 .08.CA./2 0 .• U.OB .456 -4.v 28 0 LD 24 0 y 36 v l c.T CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL Lw0r.352 503.5 _' 2 Sze: 5"x30" Pres..N.y 1. Op'r. 20 w 16.06 32 28 ^ . Airfoil.160 .32 0.8 . 6 .W.16 0 .2 1.05 .): 66./.tack.24 v.420 -1.03 u .T.423 -3423 D 2.02 0 80 ./sec.(stnd.. 2421 q 2004/ 1.:.04 ^ /.A. p.8 bbafe: /-6-32 -. Test.3/2 .96/ 5.746 70 2.0. 08 32 ag .4 -4 Fla".2 t /6 p v /2 8'^ .C.04 Airfoil: N.0/ .A. 066-1.'r.09 .303 25 4.2 °u ^ -.T.H.2 . /2 0 U i 0 yWy p /0 . 746 Corrected to inf)iVM aspect ratio 0 . 744 -.36 ..746 60 /.669 2.724 . 0006 Test: V L Date.24 ^.0/ 60.):20.307 /.A.8 Dofe: l-4-32 Where felted.):20.07. U v a /0 0 O O 125 1.M.947 .D.: 0.4 .4 Corrected for tunnel-wo ll effect.07 ea 1.4.44 20 .8 10 /.150 O 20 40 60 80 10 .MA./50 -3. 0000.-N. ° 4u .04 v oQ 0 Airfoil: N.40 u 0 1 •l0 .4 24 28 32 Angle of .0 666 -2666 4 0 -/0 7.A.32 8. 0009 Dote.000 Test: V.000 Ve/.00/ -2.208 Q.501 40 352 4. ..967 901.69 41 28 C 1 1? c.0B N 20^ C 0l 16 y l o /2^ g0 0 4u ..26% 0.50/ -4. -' -3.2 .04 v k K 40 20 °.673 20 40 60 80 100 Per cent ofch-d -2.8 .4 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect.066 SU .: 32/0.97/ 60 3.40 G.C. 0 11 vi C 0 0 c -8 u -6 -4 0 4 6 12 16 -4 0 . /-6-32 R.05 20 w 100!095) (A 5J /00 0 0 L.303 -4. C F-.g.(Alsec. otm.A.2V .0 -4 W -9 0 4 0 1216 8 20 4..5 3.4 .777 -241 O -2.D. 0 .(sthd. Rod.-N.A.06 24 e U 1.282 . 12^ CIE 8 ^^ /.C.A.L.6 8 10 1.96/ U 25 . a (degrees) "a ec y -.):68. cu sta..N- Airfoil: N. L6 .832 .6 . C.-I-4-32 Corrected to infinite aspect ro -/2 -/6 2 .902 a 7 -2.03 u . 961 U -C O -1.L.09 h 36 w 20 .36 u .o 04 G l k 4^ w •4`1 .^ u 0 0 -4 0 m ^-.4031 -0.A. Test:VOT 746 -.C. 0000 MIMI. 6.:3.456 304. N.A.28. p. -4 F Op I 20 24 28 32 Angle of oftack.L.2/0.3 -.O 24 0 V L4 . a (degrees) -8 a : i R.02 O o .512 15 4.967 -/. 0009 R.12 LD o /6D 6i ^ a /2^Bi 8 0 /0.0 8.z .N.^21Q000 Ve%(0.• N.otm. Cl . A.4^ .A.6 .A.3 0 -.5 Size: 5-x30" Pres.40 ^'.2 Where tesled:L. 0006 R.009 Per cent ofchord 20 4.E.2 .

443 7.7.268 5.618 -5.345 -5345 O 20 5738 -5.04 o -8 u .12 .16 0 . 0012 Oit 0.0.894 5.200.250 /05853 /5 6.1.L. 12-30-31 Where tested.36 x.04 .08 ° 4uu 0Q 0 0 0 Airfoil: N.0100 0 4v u l C -4 0.A. V. 0012 R.603 -5603 50 5.5 5.941 306.A.42 7.v 42 a /2 80 8. Slo Up'r.250 -5653 -6..05 .04 j-.09 20 .B .445.25 /.D.04 v ^= 1.58 O t 'w a v .g V 4 Lift coefficient C Flo.S80 BO 3.000 Ve/.704 -4.006 -/.8 .N:3. (sfnd./72 . C.N. 743 Corrected for funnel-wol/ effect.200 v o /o ut o /0 4.16 02 o O .36 `.254 -6.4 .O Dote:/2-9-31 .I.2 u -. -4 0 4 8 /2 16 20 24 26 32 Angle of oftoch.6 .607 %00 (.A.24•^ wy. 0015 etrlall.A.03.A.05 c..563-4. E.2 .0/ i .26.002 40 5.): 68.807 .681 -7.2 -.4 .6 u .683 -4.4 -8. Test.T. o: (degrees) -.8 w .44 u .000 Size: SWO" V.2 3 -.4 fm):2/.4 ` -4 .06 C C1 U /.02 o a .0 208 . L'w'r 0 0 0 [252.6'.07 /.230.68/ 207.-N. . 0015 R.07 1.6 . 0 0 0 /.(ft.: 1.002 -6.08 .0/ v . -0 40 L/ p /660 v./sec.26/5 555 -2615 2. -3268 -4.):207 Date.683 /55.8.p.0 4.4 -6 -4 0 4 6 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of ot/oc/r.2 Lift coefficient.367 -2367 2.-N.580 a 20 /0 UNlp 0 0 . C.:3. -8 u Airfoih .0 / 0 /6 60 l ^ .664 563 80 2623 -2623 901.32 0.94-1.008 (-.279 -3279 90 /.3 +^ -.A.4 0-. p 6) L.443 -5.M.f: 68.0 .208 .618 60 5. FI°URE 0.4 Pres.32 0.6 8 1.5 4.200 -4.m V 26 0 0 24 0 20 e./ v O 0 y -.427 -7.09 .8/0 U 0 U 9 `o / O $ . ^) (-.294 -5294 604.4 v .A.T.12 12 80 9 -/00 .113 ./SB) 10 ./2 11 0 20 40 60 80 Per cent ofchord 00 30 50 40 7.738 25 5.C. 1.01. otm.7.03 A .2 ./2 O 20 40 60 60 Per centofchord 00 2. Test: VD.8/0 -/. E.4 . 1561 l00 (./72 25 7.(k/sec.8 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAIITICS 20 Sla Up'r. 24 0 20 w g20 40 L . Rod.44 V 1. 70 3664 -3.941 -5.• LMAL.254 50 6.53.: 248 C 0 u 280 0 1.• L.281 0.446 95 .0 /.40 r 08 C v /.5 -3555 7.704 70 4..A. ROd.4 .C.4'.2 u -./0.40 -08 N /. . c -4 4 . of (degrees) .502 -7.. 728 For tunnel-wall effect t .06 0 L.

A.04 a 4u l C Q b'0 O L.A./°5 /59.p.N./sec. .44 R.Oy.4 .4 0-. 0021 R.705 507.0y.A.36 /.2 .2211 ac 2B 0 20.(H.2 .): 20. up'r.A. 20 40 /.6 -32 Corrected to infinite a4 2 .8 Date:1-7-32 Where tested'L.28c .(stnd.1'Cry u /6 p /.T.986 80410 70 6./089) (-.C.0 cient.24 x.v 1.966 -7.300 -6.60 t: .05 c.8 /.A.606 2569/ -6.(H. 20 24 26 32 Angle of attack.0/6 20 66 6.0/8-_6.36 x.09 44 L.24 1 v /.• VD.21. -.3/4 u s° 0 25 4.172 95 1.9/2 -4590 90 2533 -2. L'w' 10 264/ -2.5 7.1-.E.000 Ue(.9.04/ 25 397 -/0397 30 5 -/0.-N.2 3 Where tesfed:L.08 a -8 08 G C 26 u 360) 2.04 0 0 C.922 SO 5. n Had.):20. tE L/D s .003 -9.L.332 -5.32 0. 748 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect.6 Size: 5-"x30" Pres.6 .A. 041 -6.CA. 9 CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE -DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 20 c U /O ^c O Co Z53.?.496 0 44.8. 0 0 -2 -. a (degrees) Fionaa 8 .024 -7.4 -4 .O 24 p l l 1 U 20 1.6 .atm. 3.1150.024 20 6.533 95 /.L.04 M /.): 68.4 -8 -4 0 4 6 /2 16.A./sec.C.40 C . .4/2 lO u0 O / N .350 0 l0 6.841 9.A.8 .221.20°u u C c.003 40 6.21.210 -/.576 k _/0 506.20^4. Airfoil: N.o l 0Q -.: 4.190.C. C C /O l 0 33/4 -3.l6 0 o O . 747 Corrected for funnel-wolf effect.350 -7.94/ 60 6845-6.06 . atm.M. Per centofcho rd Airfoil: N. Airfoil:N. Test: VD.4k -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 -4 AnO/e of oitock.65 0 24 a 20 k V20 0 40 /6t 60 l /2480 60(00 0 40 1011(.000 t/ei.-N.o 0 C -8 u 80 t0 .:./95 -6.08 . Test.N.T.A.57 -4. 2 -.(stnd.A.26 -9.9 Date: 1-6-32 /2 ig 8 l k 4^ Op -4 0 v -8"' -.28c 0.22/ -6.354 20 to 1 -/0.2/ (.8 .0 .11". p./2 .84/ -7.A.9/2 30 9.0/ q0 .332 to 6.4 .160 .07 32 28 ti 46 .0 9) AX 0 0 a z >a Up'r.12^ .4/2-/.354-9. L'wr.300 /0 7.22/ y o 7. of (degrees) FM 27077 0-35--2 1 .00/8 R.503 40/0/5 -/0/55 50 9.0 Lift coeffi St.845 70 5436 -5.4-'. 0021 al/3olL Lift coefficient.56 v 48 /2 v ^ _/0 60 3935 -3935 90Z/ 72 -2.32 1 14 .C.): 68.40 /. y20x40 L/D o /6A 60 l 01280 8 0100 0 4m .6 u . 40 60 BO /0 Per cent ofchord 0 0 24 L.02 .8 Size: S"x30" Pres.03 a U .Had: 3. 00/8 Dote: / . 0018 airfofl.265 60 7.4/2 -6.M.

): 68.L. Per centofchord 44 2. Test: VD.ss (.220.3 Pres.y .406 7S 6.2 -8 a u..io REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS Up'r.90 -2.40 1. /./6^ 0 0 .N:3. 2212 R.0 4./2 .N.0 4 0.68 100 (.029 60 9..A.40 D .CA. O 252.-N. 0026 airfoil.A.32 G° /.28 0x .07 28 24 20 w ^ 2j .94 30 7.756 /5//. 7/9 -lB Corrected to infinite ospecfrot/o -.0 .2 /..2 .8 /.A.507-9.0 7.06 1.4 t.2 .4 ./36 20//.2 -.000 Size: 5"x30 •• Ve/(fl/sec.: 6.CA.36 1.E.000 Dofe:/2-2-3/ Test: VD.C FIGME 11./0 40 . V -8 8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 An of attack.66 -392 50 7. L'wi: z D /0 d V1R 2S 5^7 -5497 5.281 r 1 3 24 0 21 k q2004( 16 61 0 /281 B o /Of ti0 4 m .A.(5ti7dolm.8 .o C o-/0 O IC.507 70 7.03 40 7.4 32 Lift coefficient. 4 -.27 -3/9 /57. 0 a g O a W 28 0 Up'r.07 -3.03 B ` .029-/1.750 /0 9. LWr. Rod.262 0 0 0 LC.465 -5465 90 30/6 -30/6 1.406 .-N.-VDT 719 j Corrected for tunnel-watt effect _4 c0.C. 1'. 5/a.4 .8 . Rad: 1.9 Date: 1-8-32 Where tested L.35 -/.A./2 4 4".04 16 v 101 20 ^ o .750 -6.0 . 749 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect .25 -3.62 -235 7.04 C R 0Q Aif.MA.32 0 24 .74 90 /.:3./.953-/1.05 c.756-9.20 A.953 25/2. l o 48 44 U0 .0 Lift coeff/cient.04 C u l R 04 0 Airfoil: MA.A.3b 20 020040 l p /6^ 60 l D 20 y o !0 .93 .-N. (sfnd ofm.08 8'-/00 k c 0 4v 0 p 0 0 w _.0 .il.44 -/.09 -209 50/1./36-/1. c.3 12 Airfoil.02 -3.T. 2212 airfoll.378 -/2.378 30 2504 -/2 504 40 2.N:3. 0025 R.2 .55-2 /O 6.p L/ 2 ll d /.44 20 774 -3.5 5.6 u. a (degrees) 28 0 -.09 36 .633-7.j.16 0 l O 0 12 80 /2 .O.L.230. 1 r-' L 2. Test.05 70 4.680.4 -2 0 .4 .000 Size: 5"k30" V IMIsec.16 v. 24 11 v 1. p.86 l O t U O U c v 28 0 20 40 60 BO /L Per centofchord .56' 60 6.56 5tope of -d-0 V t 0 l p -/0 R O 20 40 60 60 11.-NA.02 8' O 6u.05 .44 2.2 `c _4 32 0 .43 60 352 -1.6 18 .T.262) f-.7.36 1. • 20.97 -4.6 .C. 2212 R.6 .96 5.):208 Dote:12-2-31 Where tested:L.24 v ./3) (-613) 00 L.220.633 80 5.08 32 . a (degrees) 28 0 -.46 25 3.4 P e5.6 .97 95 1.MA. u -8 -8 -4 0 4 6 /2 16 20 24 Angle of ottack.):68.4 08 .30.J.74 25 793 -3.

E.C.0/ 7. 80 /0 7 Per centofchord 20 6.19 ./O) loo - 0 L.0 FIGURE 12.5 30/ -/.8/ s0 3./2 v u 60 U 0 0^ O -4 0 v Y .080.66 .C.37 -251 30 6. Test.9 . a (degrees) 28 F Airfoi/.OS 00. L' I25 1.OA.5 2.8 .2 0 .6 . Rod.4 /.8 10 /.40 c.04 0 Airfoil: N.000 l/e%(R/sec.5 4.43 -/.86-.1.04 30 S.J:203 Dote:9-24-3/ -.07 -1.O6 /.00 -1.v 1 L/D 1.28 P .2 .0 336 -2. 680 _/6 Corrected to infinite aspect ^-otio -4 .2 1.A.32 V /.91 -1. 9 -224 to a.N.94 50 4. 13.22 /5 4.4 Corrected for tunne%wa//effect -8 -4 0 4 8 /216 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.-N.otmJ206 Dofe:3-24-31 Where 1-1.A.6 . 2309 R.40 0 A20`40 11 1 .33 100 (.4 .970. 7 -2./6o 0 0 .261 ..N.0 -q 0.6^.'00 -/2 _ q 9ote:9-24-31 Test:.J: 71.".33 90 /.0 y.49 ..ROd. ° 4v 0 v b .6 18 32 Lift coefficient.97 90 /.65 -1.w. ^r. 5"X30" Pres.73 25 /. D.6 g /6 u 60 u /2 V 2.68/ -..I. 2306 R.95 5.36 15 5.04 /6 0 z C3 0 N N O m '^ /O. C oJrod'us Through end of 280 0 5""' chord: 2175 24 0 20 '20 Q 40 $1660 U 0^ . D /0 ° g 0 ly ^ 0-/0 Z25 1.69 -1.T.2 .22 2 20 40 60 80 /0 Per centofchord 0 /0 3..08 .000 Vel(ft.50 -250 40 632 -2. 23N airfoil.2 .A. L. -8 /. . 660 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect -.:0.09 25 4.06) (-.32 /./6 20 4. St.M.18 -/. N.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE -DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 5^ up'r.24 C.20 u 8w .06 32 D l v /.A./ser. w o w 118 0 .62 -2.CA.(sfnd.08 8'-/0 0 o qm O 24 0 .39 -/.•L. a (degrees) 0 Pim.4:69.13 l00 (. -8 u -4 -6 -4 Airfoil: N.L.A.E.:2.2 Where tested.A./2 F12880 Bolo 0 ../01 /-. Test: l<D.:3.4 .8 . 2909 airfoil. .48 60 230 .A.54 95 .N.4 0 4 6 12 16 20 24 An of attack.0 .13 60 5.02-a eo.4 ^ .16 .4 .09 360 ..c -4 0.64 .00 404.54 -250 m^ l0 U t 0 y _/0 C 0 20 40 60.76 70 4.4 .A.44 R.96 .0/< .A.8 -..06) 0 U 0 c /00 28 0 0 3 24 a 20 - 1 .16 2.T.36 80 2.(st7d atm.70 -.40 Slope afrod'us lhraugh end of chord: 2115 1. T.-N. up'r./1 -1./5 7../sa .46 -1. l!O.20$ C LD 03 ..:0.04 V` Ca 0 0 v 0 c .52 25 6.26-.0 2.0 Size: 5'x30" Ires.M.19 95 66 .A.36 .36 1.^ . 2 ti .65 70 3.39 50 5.92 . 2306 R.44 48 / 44 /0 40 .:3080.6. V.69 O U 0O ac W .07--28 C.06 -2.3 1 .56 5. L'^ r. .2 Size. .C.

5 3B5 -2.09 . St.77 7.4 .02 3.C ' 32 VQ U LID k 36 v .99 -3.^.06 70 5.A.A.26 95 L30 ( .(fl.4^ . 60 l2 g 80 l2V .32 p.25 2.54 7.0/ .07 allC .otm.58 Slope ofrod'us 0 /harddh2%/dr of 24 0 20 /.40 G .): 69.25 200 -1.4 e Airfoil: N.06 -4. a (degrees) 28 32 0 u 0 0 40 W •8 ^` e Airfoil: N.66 6 O 2 O 40 60 60 P r cent ofchord e n 10 44 /00 /.96 2.L.6 u .d Q 20 Q 40 p 16.92 -231 -/.2 .63 .: 1.74 50 7.28-^ p.50 -5./60 .29 -228 O U 48 :2 0 . up .8 .97 -538 25 9. l t 1.:3.09 20 L'w'r.05 l 20 ./B 5.2 Lift co efficient.89 ]. Rod.20 1)^.0 .8 40 Lift coefficient.oim): 2Q8 Date: 9-25-31 Where tested.25 -5.06 2B 0 cho(dh^sot ' 20o40 .36u.(s%'d.24 •^ v./2 8 0 /00 0 /6 0 v w /.): 69. F-B 19.(sf'nd.• L.: 23/2 R.32 0.2 .:.4 -4 V -8 -4 0 4 6 /2 /6 20 24 Angle of allock.06 24 O 1.' L.D..4 .M.04 /6 p 40 .95 -3.A.29 50 7.A.O v L. wo /o 0 -1.8 1. 2315 Wdoll.3/ 0 0 U 0 28 0 7.66 /5 8.AC. Rod. Sla.A./sec. 0 lU 5. a 42V.1120.-N.5 10 /5 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 5.4 .0U .5 3.6 .2312 R.161 (-.20 u ".82 -3.N.16 0 . 720 Corrected for tunnet-wall effect -B -8 -4 u ° 0 Ox . 23/5 R.v.: 2.40 .02 0 0 . C F1omz 16.-N.22 60 90 1. a (degrees) -4 O ..6^ . / k O 0 w -.36 -4.88 B.6 .O.N.06C108Ci Size: 5"x30" Ve1.4 /2 c 8e .36 -/.25 / 0 7./6) /00 .MA.8 .13 20 8.6 . 2312.07 28 i L6 . .A.3 -5.12 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS .8 w .26" : ^.24 v.28 -4.OB 4 0 w u -.04 Ok -.R. /.C.08 Airfoil: N.OS 24 k0 20 p /6 D6O D o °/2 60 36 v l 32.0/ 6.2 a 4u 0Q -4 0..45 -z.26 -3.24 2.N.L.2 .A.C.8 Pres.44 2.// 50 4.8.77 60 7.0 . Dote: 12-2 3l Test: Corrected to infinite aspect Q -.A.02 .62 200 95 1./sec.C.72 o 20 6- o /o Uv .47 -4.21 5.4 Dote: 3-25-31 'gCorrected to infinite os . Test: Vb. T.03 0 4v o 28 V u c.T.4 4 8 /2 /6 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack..36 ^. 2315 _.W.14 6.22 -5.A.2 0 U C -8 c .9 ofe:12-2-31 Where tested.A. Test.09 2.OB 4.A.):20. /. Lw^. Up'r.• V.86 6.64 -3./2 m k _/^ o• x Test A y -326 -352 -3.00 ].2 .E.4 .5 6.04 G O 0 k -.48 30 9.04 L/D 0 0 .12 .47 5/ape afrodiu5 C /.08 u 4 Airfoil: N.0/00 .03 C ° 12 .CA.57 -2/6 -285 . LL EE i6 1.000 Size: S"x30" Ve%(N.0 /.4'4 . 683 _ Corrected for tunne/-wo// effect .2 Pres.9/ 0 20 40 60 80 /L Per cent ofchord 7 l 5Z C /00 / i3 / 0 3 L L.50 40 9.94 -3.V^-.

D.:3.j. NA.85 90 1.6 .60 15 525 -2.L.04 OE-..320.20 -2.0 Lift coefficient.2 -.3 Pres.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL Sto.4 .94 . 2409 R./8 -2.04 c.09 2.44 .T.j.60 Z.40 x.24M \. 0 0 1.79 50 605.2 ° 48.1 / 0 1061 (-.// -0. V.2 .0/ .6 . 5^. 120.. -N.90 25 4.25 /.A.000 Size: 5"x30" 3e/.000 Size.33 ° 80 2. 2406 R. 666 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect -. .2011 12.47 95 .100 . 'B U -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 Angle of ottock.36 x. 2 Where tesfed:L.5 end of 2B p 0 through chord: 2120 15 3.04 C-. RC 5.29 10 324 . LW 1.6 P Q 0 m -.60 50 604.6 .-VDT.72 .37 /2 /.8 /.2./0) (-. (sfnd.4 U 4s U .69 30 4.03 C LID u .A.08 0 Airfoil.A.4 -4 :2 FIGURE 17.CA.o c0 G.(ft.".• L./.A.06 C1 U 1.otm.62 -123 2.26c th 24 20 I I 20 v /6 p 1.12 Q12-co 80 ^.0 3.08 /8 .12 . .C.12 . Test.. 8'. Test.A.0 2. 5"x30" Ve).81 -2. 2908 MEN].L.8 /.8 m .T.87 -2.C 110..32 0.20 U 90 1.:3.5 227 -166 5.40 06 U v /.0/ -4 0 v -8 0 u .45 -B. c4 c2 0 . a (degrees) -4 0 0 ..90 4.M. Up'r.8 Dofe.44 /O 4. 0Q v 4u .38 -2.A.'b l0 Ug O Y v -/0 O 25 6.08 20 40 60 80 Per cent ofchord / 00 N 01 44 .36 x.3/ Where tesled.10 . 665 Corrected for tunnel-woll effect C -4 0.4 32 ./ a 04 C -4'4 w .3-9-31 0 -B -4 0 4 8 0 /2 /6 20 0 24 28 32 Angle of ottock.35 US S.rreC. Rod: 0. -2. otm):20.N.000 D.77 -.):20.08 c Airfoil: N.): 69.43 -2.02 8'.4 FIGURE 16..89 / end of 28 p 0 Ih103gh chord: 2/20 C L6 C .N. 22 -/.061 10 0.63 O i 40 44 L .86 404.37 -1.04 v y -0Q40 13 t 0 4ap /0 20 4..05 N ^ 3 L2.7 Dote: 9-8 .16 0 .A./sec./5 7./0) too .25 /./ O 0 y -.4'.28 0.16 0 .40 N 51ope ofnvdi. 2109 Wrtoil.57 -/.5' 3.4 _3r .MA.4-. a (degrees) 28 0 0 s .A.35 .25 .2 ..49 70 3.44 -1.8 W .02 /6D 60 0 0 .2B O /00 (.3 Pres.6. upr: C w1r. 10 0 -1.n .74 40 6.02 704 27 -124 48 44 20 40 60 60 /G 7 Per cent ofchord BO 3.8 .0 .62 30 -2.24.70 .100 '• C ° 4u /2 c 0 /2g 80 -6 166 v L0.(sfnd.4 .09 If 2.0 Lift coeff/cient.0 .07 l.4 . 24 0 20 k 0 20 0 40 /6a 60 .2 . /.2 /.03-- °u v 9-3/ 0 -.E..28 -1.06 ^q U 1.(ft. 666 ./sec): 69.20 .O.1 /0.6" .C.4".90 .04 5.C. /.07 .-N.

70 30 9.L.02 o O .N.08 v 48 . 0.O.16 .0/ .4 .68 -4.3 -.-N. Test: VD.63 -3.22 30 7.C...000 Size: 5"x30" Ve/. 2415 R.668 Corrected for tunnel-wolleffect.17 -5.07' -3. ./2 40 7.08 -4 0 0 k v -.28.8 u .0. S70o.32.8 v .A.0 5.A Date: 12-3-31 Corrected to ./sec.12 .34 .05 F 60 R 04 N l 36 N 2.):20.60.5 6.07 0 0 /6t 60 .L.16 0 .7/ -286 5.0/ k 0 . 32 28 tl 1.0 .18 -2.2 . LD Airfoil: NA.82 95 1.06 -4.end of 28 p 0 chord: 2/20 l 36 ^ 32 26 2f .. ^q V 0 4y _4 0.:3. 4^ u ° 0^ -4o m e 9-10-31 cted to 4 .(stnd.28-.03 _4 0.04 v^ /.5 4.83 -490 15 7.0 Pres.45 . 2415 airfoil.06 c.40 . w.36 x.o -6 U 16 8/2c k L u l .01 50 7.6 0 .47 6. F-E 16. 2412 aic[oll.M.61 -4.2 c -.2 °u -.c ?0 w •- /.: 450 v Slope ofradius Yh -d.04 V`-.A 2412 R. 721 16 .000 Ve/(fL/sec.250.6 Lift co .67 -4./5 90 2.25 50 6.36 x.A. a (degrees) /6 0 /2 v QUO) u c . otm.09 .2S -5. Test: V.060.50 -3.417 95 1.26 -423 25 7.96 -346 10 5.66 25 9. a (degrees) •3 0-4 -4 -2 0 e Airfoil:N.48 28 0 l p 24 0 20 k 46 y kp _/0 .14 .34 60 6.otm.4 0-4-32 .62 40 9.OR-o a .12 .A.CA.4 .09 G h rdh2%20 f C 20' 40 44. (stud.60 .24^ v.E.A C.2 1.2 .): 2/.2 .41 -2.06 ' L.Rod.06 . -3.6 .44 2.60 50 724 -3.161 v 5/ope 5 too - ^^ ^0 u t 0 O 20 40 60 80 /L Per centofchord g /s o 1.08 0 o /2.-N.57 -4.14 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS So.10 20 7.T.A. .10 -305 80 4.Ov.l C .70 -5.2V.8 Dote:9-10-31 Where tested'L.8 ^t. 721 -4 Corrected for funnel-wall effect -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of ottock.N.2 Where tested. Up'n GOY: Z25 2.14 60 3. -4 -2 0 Fmv .84 7.13 299 -227 -3.66 100 (. !25 2.05 24 a 20 k V201 40 C 04 0 24 0 /.50 90 2.C.07 o /2 8 0 80/0 0 o 40 ./I 44 L.T.18.38 -5.5 4.36 -2. l V U 1.):698 Size: 5"x30" Pres.20 12.15 -465 2..90 70 6.4 `6 Lift cot je Test: V.E.2 U 0 Airfoi/: N.A.6 C ofradius -8 u o.75 15 6.4 ^ . 2.71 -206 25 3.16) (-.sct ratio 10 /.0 .Rad.46 a gi 31 - V s° 0 vk-/O p 0 20 40 60 80 /6 / Per cent ofchord d 48 .75 -/.40 U . (ft.2 80 8 0 /00 k ° 4u k 4 ^..32 o. OL ° .): 66.0 Dote:/2-3-31 .08 .67 60 7.97 -542 10 I 20 8. .:.4 v .04 j-/ 0 0 v -.• &A. C .4 16 /.76 70 5. -6 -4 0 4 6 12 16 20 24 28 Angle of ottock.A C.

28 4.-L.08 -4 0.03 L25 2.68 -7.06 /00(.6 . a thro-1gh end of chord: 2120 0 0 -6 U l tU 0 a v 28 ° 0 3 Uc U r 0 y o /0 4 a -/0 0 /0 . L'wr.0 .8 Lift coeff/cie/ C n-RE 20..8v.4.it V .5 Pres.00 -SS/ 7.65 -5.-N.79 19 -6.CA.6. u 15 k .45 6.04 2. 4su 0^ `o '4 0 v _8 rn %C KA.C.5 8.67 70 80 74 1304 90 3.v .L Test: VDT. u L/D 04 0 Cv c -4 0.32 24 . o 12 yu° 80 8.52 /2/5 -8.67 /00 /. Of (degrees) Lift coefficient.A.. UP r./2 .6'.08 70 7.28 c.0 ./9) /00 O L6 . .05 0 v 24 0 20 /.2 0 -.67 3012 25 .Hock.cv k U 0 ° 4u ..P. G N ^ 0 6D60 a 1280 8'.P.59 -6. 0 0l /.4 .02-0 0 .208 L./2 .74 Per centofchord 20/0.68 -5.66 as /.40 v L 2V.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL Si.N.L.C.44 0-/O -4.25 3.6x.8 Pres. NA.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.3 -.76 -1. 669 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect. 2418 airfoil.4 .-NA.100 n Airfoil.A.07 95 /.04 a.62 40 50 -7.40 x'•./sec.160 . 670 Corrected for tunnel-wa/l effect.03 7.29 -6.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 /6 20 24 28 32 -4 Angle of . 5"p.7/ 50 9.97 O BO SOB -280 W 90 28/ -L53 /./9) (-.N.000000 Size.0 A. Rod: 356 v ofrad'us 0 m ./ 0 0 w -.2 .E.2V .5 50 7.71 -6.8 .Rad.48 /0 9. ' end 28 0 chord: 2/20a t 1.C.04 C 04 0 0 ti 0 . 2421 airfoil.8 Date: 9-11-3/ Where tested.45 ul U -3.:3.85 5/ape trod.2 Where tested.000 Size: 5'x30" Ve/(f1/sec): 69.2000 de /D h 0 .4 0 -.18 -1. E.24 v LO.48 0 20 40 60 80 /L 7 -6./2 . -8 U /z c.34 44 40 36 m l 32 a 28 tf . up'r./7 8. (sfnd .A. (sthd.A.87 -2.5 S2/ -4..09 40/0.24kw^ m.Ol 7.28 -7.05 9.C FIOOEE 21.0/ k .06 L.36 x.1-):20. -. 4.36 /.4 .A.04 Of-.242/ R./8 151 05 20 //.55 .060.o 24 0 l 20 u 4 /6 0 4'.44 . 22) /00 .MA.:3.02 5.(-.0 7. . 4.) 0. GWr /0 r0 -2.69 -599 D 60 8.MA.5 /0 /5 48 3.02 -3.): 70.. 2418 9-11-31 clad to inhi. LB .28`c 0. k v 20 40 40v. Test: VDT.0100 -8 a ri Ci o /sa so c v Q.65 -7/8 3010. 5"x30" VeL (ft.2 -.6 Oate:9-//-3/ -.03 -6.36 -8.6 .17 4 -0.32 0.22) 0 L./5 -7.0 20 q20 0 40 20 40 60 80 Per cent ofchord 0 0 v Airfoil.N. a (degrees) 8.4 08 0 .16^1 .09 2510.2 . 2418 R. /. sto.82 2.31 60 9.44 2.

96 5/B 6..4 .08 .8.-N. 5/0.000 -/2 Dote: 9-/531 Test: l!O.28-.ofrhord -2.0 3.3.27 2.C. u -6 An of allock.36 3.0 .N.69 S/ope ofredius throh ug 0 chord: 2/25 Q0 Q 20040 0 /6^.50 -/.24. Up'r. 8'^ 4U 0j ° -4 0 C"°/' v e Airfoil:NA.16 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS .o b.28 . a (degrees) 32 28 x.32 v G 28 0 3 24 k q 20F .99 . 673 _16 Corrected to infinite aspect ratio 0 . 30" teSMCd L. 2608 airfoil.06 24: p got /60 /2 Y.2V.060.A./O) /00 o G.67 __ H 44 G$./60 . /D Pera.A.8 /.60 .-N. / /./sec.5 3-'0 /0 W. 0 Airfoil:N. 02 Np ^$ .2 .8 Size: S"x30" otm.0 U. T.Ov.4 -6 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 26 32 ° /.10) (-.04 Vr -.N./6o 0 0 0 /6 08 .36 ac . E.04 c /.OB C /.27 597 5. 2600 airfoil.05 /.76 O v dfi o 24 /5 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 95 100 D O 20 40 60 80 /00 4 u . .07 20 .20^ .9e 5.40 0 t u 0 0 .:. L'w'r.T.03 u ^ .44 326 •/2 /O . Rod.J: 20. 2B -2.40 t'. L.: 0.4 v .02 . (sfnd.C .D.C.12^ ..A.22 (.04 0 4u OQ C -4 0.35 4.6 e ndof 36 .7 Dote: 9-1 Tres.97 -2. x.c -B 5.06 .R060..12 o /2 v 80 .84 -2A4 -/.000 3e%(ft.32 3 _3 E _' 4 c4 c2 FIGURE 23.09 2.20.75 -2.2 -.) .A.A.56 7.4 .5 Z2 224 5.CA. 673 Corrected for funnel-wa//effect Angle of oHOCk.J: 69.36 . Test: U.0 hW v.A.6 .44 U .M.97 -/. 2509 R.A. 2 l2 80 9 o /00 ° 4u 0Q -4 SOS 2. v v .2 .2509 R.2 Lift coeff/cient.B .0 /. a (degrees) FIGURE 22. 0 0 25 1.24u v.C.57-1.0/ 0 . v.6 U .60-3.

44 2.48 -5.2 4 .6 ./sl 0 L.92 9/9 -5.3 A fins 0 p k C a.07 /31 a 26p oa 33 I v 12c 8lo u 00 0^H. Test.C.A.01 0 . ailhro ugh end of C& 2/25 u U /0 C O _10 0 20 40 60 80 /L NI#R Per cent ofchord UQ 1.CA./6 -535 50 6. Op".lsl /00 !.25/5 R.63 -2.(sfnd.64 -3. 722 Corrected for funnel-woll effect.080.20 0 c.:69.A.A.60 /0 6. l0 40 .40 • .4 . 722 -16 Date: /2-3-3/ Corrected /o infinite aspect ratio 0 .94 5.44 %so 3.C.000 Size: 5"x30" Vet. C . l O U 0 O C N 26 0 3 24 0 2( k q 51a.25 2. p.0 /.-N.8 .A.A.N. 270770-$ 6--3 l 20 160 a.2V.4 . D. a (degrees) 8 0 /OO c ° 48 Op C -4 0.T.CA.04 C u l 0y N L 2V .06 15 7. .56 -/.A.2 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 ng/e of oHock.44 .6 l.41 S/ape of.-L./2 .0 . a (degrees) FiomE 26.:3.36 1.04 0 0 .84 40 9.: 2.66 -5.241 m•04 0 LO x.06 c.A.• N. -• 4 0 -•4 -.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.2 1. 2004( .200 Q.4'.63 -2.63 20 8. RW. 0 .9/ -4.88 80 4.A. 2612 airfoil. ti -B .76 70 6.000 Test: V.o .E. .62 /oo !-.0.L.0 Dote: /2-3-3/ ' 2 v "? Where tested: L.2 -.A.12 k .y . T.-VDT 675 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect -.160 .11 2.57 -/.03 36 v 2. a u 1 0 /2 86 24 0 Ci 1.htA. -N.0.96 7..OB 1. Te5t.02 Q) l6 60 O o .6X . ^- 32 $iU 28 2( 6.): 69 8 Pres.62 -462 60 7.36 46 .92 30 6.N:3080.25 /2 R.59 io -/0 430 4. fft/sec.9B 90 2. -4 0 v 8 eU _/2 Airfoil: N.26^ 0.24 m LO .o60.4 .07 95 L41 -.8 Liff coefficient.43 .05 1.6X.N:3.4 /.M.97 r :42 0 e of 24 R20 k q20a 40 LID 8 ..5 3.ofm):21.(stndot.2 .32 o 6D& 0/28( . ):20.28 -2.5 5.6 Doi-S-18-31 Where tested. 2512 R.96 -3.08 LD k 8 010( 0 4vC C -4 0. -8 u FrovaE 24.C.2 .32 Per cent ofchorr( y 4.08 D .6 8 10 /.28 l l A i ° o . VD.000 O VeG/flfsec.1LIJ_LJJ_J-L11J 0 ssz 20 40 60 80 /00 o v q / 17 44 674 . 2616 airfoil.40 L0 0 0 Airfoi/./ ^ll.75 -5.4'.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE -DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 3.0 4.L.4 _ _ Size: 5"x30" Pres.2 Airfoil: N.0 .87 25 -5.29 zs3 /.

08 32 aaP .6 .3 -4 Angle of attack.L.2 /2 u k 4u U k Bo 1 .C.36 x.C.A.lso 0 i .6'.0. 677 Corrected for tunnel-wa/l effect -.v 168/2 y.8 /./G 112` L 7 // v -16 0 .09 36 .20 $ 4.26`c 0.8 1 Lift coefficient 1'.-N. -N./6 O . . Test: l!O. 18 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS J/ ./2 .06 6 24 p .: 4. m -.A.06 ^j 1.0/ 4^ k 0 0 OE -.04 28 24 lu k A 20o 20 m 16 v p u 0 /6^ ao 0.05 va C /.4 :4 10ote: 9-2/ 3/ I Corrected to infinite 0 . U uu o_ -B __ .4 .): 2/.0 Date. 2618 airfoil.6 24 0 l 20"./2 .4 .08 0 00 . / 0 -.02 Bi .24v N. 2518 Dote: 9-19 3/ Corrected to infinite - 2B . u .4 c2 FIGURE 36 v VS 2.4 -8 -4 0 4 1-11.OB LB .• LM.A.252/ R.o 0y 0 c -4 0.6 . ratio .04 3 ^ -4 0 v e .C.2 .es JPe Ofrod'3S o^d^'z% s f .2V.40 v v V u .05 •v a Ci.9 _ Pres(sfnd. 28 .3 -.000 Size: 5"x30" 3el(ft/sec): 68. 0 4wu x .T. ahn.04 0 4u -4 0 .02 mo .A. Rpd.0 2B 7 5 3 7 6J [.4 .08 60.6 . /2 v .A.2 CD l 0 04 r -4 0.A.9-2/-31 ' 2 Where tested.2 .0 2 0 20 40 60 BO /00 Per centafchord ^ U e -/2 Airfoil.09 .2 m . a (degrees) .^ /30.2 .C.:.03 6 /2 /6 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack. N.4 v .A.32 0.0/ . mu ^o /0 0 0-/0 a m -6".07 28 2f .32 x. N. 2521 WdOU.44 U ru 0 S .A.04 k _ 4.36 x.07 1.24 C.e^0 .03 U 11 ..40 32 O -. v Airfoil.28.P.44 s 28 24 0 k 420 Litt coefficient.N. a (degrees) .27.A.

37 -a/7 -a66 10 5. .6X.25 -4.C. 0 [25 2.52 -2. Test: V.32 Ly L.A.): 69. 2712 sftM.24 ..20 3 2402( v y 1 LID c.47 50 7.M.of 28 3 24 1..E.04 O h 04 Airf.4^ .57 -1..56 -4.000 Size: S"x30" Vel.A.2 Pre s.4 08 8 104 4 0 .5 0 Dote:12-4-31 P es. Rod.08 0 4m .A./0 0 20 40 60 80 /C 7 Per cenfofchord .23 -3.33 95 1.32 O 100 1 Ci 1. 724 -.A.8 .4 -. .66 3.05 2. c -4 0.6 .28c .ERod: /.67 804. 3) L.83 /5 6.4 C -q ti V -8 0 -8 -4 O 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of oitock.44 .36 1.51 -4./2 -4.13 -456 v P /0 Ui O h 0-10 0 20 40 60 60 /C 7 Per cent of 'd . Lift coefficient.(ft.A.6 .j.36 60 6.4 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect -8 -tl 4 0 4 8 M /6 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.40 90 257 .76 -4.N. p.C.95 172 -1.2 .34 -.33 /00 /.66 5.24 /.•L.M.26 .9 2/30 choror c.A.4 . A.26t2 R..67 40 7.ls^ 0 /sD s( 0 ti.000 Size: 5"x30" Ve4(ltlsec..16 m 0 0 .56 -/.45 667 -4. L'^Y. 0 Q 41 0 /6 6C .56 al 0u kUO 2. v l ough end. 0 3.77 80 4.6/ 70 5.8 .43 -3.2. 723 Corrected for tunnel-wo/l effect -.A.2.40 / 70 5.44 30 40 7.03 50 7.75 25 7. (sthdotm):2/.44 30 D 0l l 2. Airfoil: N. 29.26 -3.M-$060.52 u U /0 Yo' 1U 4 0 p . 2612 tWoll.(sfnd.18 60 6.-N.15 90 2.C.W 1.56 v V -./2 .0 Where tested: L.90 -323 7.5 0 - 2. 2712 R...C.19 U (-.A.: /.77 736 -4. UPY.04 u 0 p.o'. Test: VDT.56 -2.58.26 -462 7.208 u o.:3190. a (degrees) M./2 o 12u 8( C 0 04 .):68.( 26 o G 1h chord: 2/35 O (113) 1.56 95 1.42 .CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE -DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 19 Slo.2 .A.73 -2.13 -4.12 20 6.36 /.D.0 7.-N. a (degrees) Fxomz 28. ti 0 0 -2 Where tested.6/ 20 25 7. N.o .0 .8 8( 60/a .5 10 4.5 5.( .281 v 1.4 . .A.L.O^ v c'.6 . sv. 6t.L./sec.34 -403 /5 6. L25 204 -17S L5 262 -240 6. LID LO x.2( k q20o 4( /.0 .73 -4.T.

/ .63 -.04 4.2 Where tel.12 O/ . p./ Pres.A. a (degrees) . O /.4 '.04-/6 v 1. Tezt:VD.65 90 /.:756 5lope ofrodius through end of chor 2.3/ 1.C.0 20 0 20 40 80 60 Per cent of chord %00 40 6.N:3240. of 3 Od1.39 .0 /.4 /.40 48 .92 20 40 60 80 /6 Per cent ofchord -496 30 9. N. C Hausa 30.36 1.(sYnd.74 -1.65 48 44 Airfoil. o I o 128 d 80/00 4U cw L8 .A.08 0 k n p /2'c 8.E.24^ti m .(s £nd./sec.94 -2.44 40 9. L'w'r /.55 U k v 28 i 0 0 24 a 20 k 20x40 A .64 0 ti -/0 50 3.2 .A.0 .CA.BS 90 2.j.4 -4.20 4 .05 -.6 /. 08 .61" .?8< Li d: -4//0 .5 5.6 .36 1.54 .07 28 t 0 14:...afm): 20.06 t0 -/..20u I I l U 6 16 60 U .E.8 Lift coefficienl.4306 R.04 0 4 0 0 Airfoil: N.68 B9 0 U s5 .66 cu v o /0 U t 0 lU p -/0 0 h to Z90 -46/ 15 9.M. u -B O -6 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.56 99 70 4.A.25 12 Np /.L.N 2. Test: V. 30 7.L. 3.4212 R.4 .3/ .N-W.04 C n 32D 0 06 U° u 1. - L'wi-.2 .03 60 5.03 0 c.0 7. 561 _/6 Corrected to infhde aspect ratio 0 .74 25 9./2 80 B 0/00 .. ]9 34 D q20 ffffH 0 /0 4.57 2.2 Pres. 40 .:040 W 51through end '80 0 chord: 4115L/D of 24 .(f//sec.90.A.A. 729 Corrected for tunnel-wo// effect -.2 /.kC 0 4t u 00 ------ .50 95 /.13 -1. 4306 R. 24 i? v c.T./O -. L/D /0^. 0.32 Ci /.55 0 20 9.O6) /00 D O L.02 O ^ .T.): 68.2 .97 /6 I I C OQ c -4 0. .0.Rod. Rod.05 50 875 -1.85 D 60 Z 70 6.000 Size: 5'X30" VeL (f1.:3060.000 Siie: 5"x30" Vel.8m.A.4 ' 4 -.08 M 0 4 o u 2 0 0 . 2V.56 -2.:4-11-31 Where lested. D.5 393 -.44 25 6.86 BO 329 .C - 40 w 0 0 v Fluvaa 31.6 .C.32 40 09 2.00 .000 _/2 4-11-31 Test: V.6x .35 /5 S../0 44 /5 100 LO61 (-.C.O.02 50 6.131 (-63) /00 L.20 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS Slo.54 p 7.^L./60 0 . 4212 Udall.12 20 6.-N.): 70.9 Dote:l2-/0-3/ -.4 .A.A..4 .A.4 .62 /.5 LPL.21 80 4.15 -1.33 /.p. -8 U 36 n.• G.0 .13 575 6. 0 0 - 20 A Sta.25 2.5 2.% -/.3 -.M.C.A. Vp'r.32 .4/ .07 -441 -L69 -/.6 1. o: (degrees) Lift coeff%c%eni.N.28.4 -2 Q Airfoil N.40 V o /6 60 l P 0 .39 -.t . T. N. UN aidoll.z l 20 m OS /. 561 Corrected for funnel-wall effect _•4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 /6 20 24 28 32 °u c F 0 S` Angle of attack.6 .

CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL cows 0 44 20 40 60 60 /00 (-. 1.4 .34 21 .2 /.75 -1.64 -1.8 .8 1.7 Pres.: 1.N.MA.so 60 -_ -.CA.39 -231 -2.04 16p C n wo qvu 00. 75 5.M. 731 -.4 1.000 -/2 Dote: 4-133/ Test: V.4 Angle of o{tock.4 Corrected for tune/-wall effect 0 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 /6 20 24 .64 90 254 .A.28 c N LID /.19 -2.): 69.N.2 .08 .8 i .06 cj U /.(fl./2 o i0 0 .00 3o N p 0 U ^ 0 _/o -2.36 u.32 0.2V .07 w 1. Rod.CA.%J7 -1. L'wY.05 ao U .A.0 7.-N. T.4 .5 S6.N.6 .39 .0 L25 2.2 .6 ku .28 - L l O l U k O w 2f Ci 1.34 -2. 0 . A.1.63 -/. otm.C.): 20.6/ 60 765 -1.28 .38 .A.A../ 0 O 2 u -2 ' 2 ^ ' 3 ff_4 -4 n o 24 26 32 .060..09) c :T8_9 28 0 s C rodi3s f 42 V .58 m C 2./80.6 18 tz .:3060.32 si oe orroe^s through end of chord: 4//S 26p. Up'r.A.90^ .22 /0 7/2 /5 846 20 9.2 .08 w ). E.03 u .04 J-.: 68.000 Size: 5"x30" Ve/.29 1s .:3.6 .86 50 8.24 C. a (degrees) FxoII z 33.0 Lift coefficient. Airfoil: N. 4O v.0/ p /2 U 24 32 O Co./sec.• VD.62 25 /0. Test.T.L.08 0 ..• L. 4309 R.0 . D.24 24 0 t 28 O 24 p t 20 u CL v. Ci . 51a.T 563 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect -4 0.98 -/.8 Pres(stnd.0/ .l0 Per cenfofchard ..5 3. -8 0 8 4 /2 /6 20 4yU 01) . 28 32 Angle of o{lack. 4308 Wdoll./2^ ..000 C Size: 5'X30" Ve%(H. 4309 R.17 -2.A.L. a (degrees) c ^° -4 0 W B Airfoi/:N.B D&e.2 Where tested: L. O .6 . O U c/0 40 9.Os D .P.95 60 462 .:3.8 Dole:12-14-31 -.0 40 1. 563 _/6 Corrected to infinite aspect ra{io - -2 Fioun 32.4-/3-31 Where tested.4 .4^ . 4312 aWoll.29 2.25 (' 13) (-Q3) 100 L. Test: V D.20^ q20p41 u /6' 61 t 0 0 o /2 ^ 81 60 /Ol 0 4m .00 0 20 40 60 80 /L ) Per cent fchord .A.C.A../sec.34 9.38 95 1.36 /. 4312 R.16^ 02 p /6U a 36 oip Q) 0 0200 t ^ 40 44 09 $ 2.C.o u v 04 C -4 R -8 8t .07 -2.28 c 0.(s{i+d. v LOv.otm):20.44 70 6.-N.04 a 0 Airfoil: N.4 .40 /8 .05 `o 48 o -l0 .

55 70 6.. C.08 . 0 - 0 /.l6) (-. 0. C 35 -N.44 50 //..A.E ./9) too (.28 o va 1. Up 'r. 9315 Elrtoll./3 -2.v 1.0 . / -2.5B .04 G-. 80 -500 30 13.L. -N. L0.o u 4 04 C 4 0.p.0 6.MA.94 90 329 -/. 44 .20 -3.48 Slope afradius 0 through end of 0 0 t0 BO 529 -/.OB 48 36 95 1.32 0.24X j.32 0 L.: 356 Slope ofrod/us Through end of chord: 4 /5 L.06 C 24 0 20 4 CR 40 .62 28 t0 v u ko -/0 y Airfoil.5 4.07 L.44 100 (.33 L -c° k W 48 0 /0 0.2 Where tested.A.A. 4M..): 69.65 -4.N:3.5 737 -3.(ft. aim): 20.60 -a60 25 11.2 Ci.):20.22 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMPPTEE FOR AERONAUTICS sto.1i:3.3 Pres.42 70 44 /I 20 /0.15 -3.CA.12 . /.64 100 (-.^. C.56 /5 //. a (degrees) FtomE Lift coefficient.47 -2../2 k .05 chord:4 /5 420040 N ^ e /6 60 /2^8 0 B o /00 e 4 36 1.L.4'.25 W b0 t 0 y -/0 0 0 /0 9.68 Z58.-VDT 566 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect -4 U v 0 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack. 4011.30 9 0 292 . a (degrees) 4^ 00 -4o v -8 Airfoil: N.4 .d 24.2 -.09Q000 Si. 4318 R.60 2. v m o L/D /.C. Ci u 1.8 Dofe:4-14-31 -.56-4.): 69. .00 40 /264 -477 20 40 60 W Per centofchord .6 . 8 0100 0 4v V$ 2.•) A.A.5'k30" VeZ(ft/sec.32-3.76 D 0 kO a ) /0 v 60 5.85 -3. 40.79 . 7-est.22 -4.64 -4.4".09 S 2.03 u .18 -3.24 -2. 50/0.08.8 .0/ . Rad.0 .8 Dole:4-14-31 Where Msled.A.44 .3 v Z-4 -.36 x.(stnd.40 G.55 -3.04 p. -B u 0 ./sec. E.5 S.A.2 w-./600 . 7./ 0 0 k0 -. N.01 -2.A.95 -/.97 7.000 Size: 5"x30" Vel.25 3. 4315 R.28`c 00 .16) D z° 20 40 60 BO Pe Cent of.36 -3.: 2.8 v. 4315 Lift coefficient.74 S..02 `c o 'o s °.25 4.4 0 m -8 l 32 28 i? .2 .24w m c.24 60 10.20va 0 u a4 LD 0 .3/ D v 0 73/ -L66 0 100 -4 V l V u 20 va c.50 r l5 9.CA.04 V` C 0 0 y Airfoil: N.2V.90 2./9) - o v 28 p 0 3 20 24 q 200040 N ^ o /6' 60 0 /2 oCu 80 /.6 .or. UPS'. Test. Nod.74 95 1.40 .08 0 .A. 4318 MO.92 20 /225 2512.20 4.6' .-L.5 Pres.07 -/.120.93 60 9.-VDT 565 Corrected for funnel-wall effect -6 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of otfock.50 301/.32 . Sto.C. 1.26 5.2 .(st^7datm. Q FIOREE 39.36-2.

CA.6X.7 Dote:4-15-W -.8 v '16° . 1.A.24 x.:3. 4s u 0Z O -4o v e U 0-.15 -.A 40 N 95 1. R.7.19 2013.000 Size. L''wr D /0 JS 1./2 44 20 40 60 80 /C 7 Per cen/ofchord -6. 4908 airfo. 4.25 Per cent ofchord 5.2 .66 -3.4406 R.84 -2.4 16 LB L/ft coeff/'c/enl.20 u x. Up'.-L.05 24 /00 (./ O O LIZ -.22) /00 - D h . Test: VOT.0/0. 8 u -4 0 0 m-.L.24 1.OT 567 4 Corrected for funnel-wo/1 effect -4 0.28-.N.90 6. N.-N.23 CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENBFPY WIND TUNNEL Sto: 0 o 1.5671 Dole:4-15-3/ ^ Corrected to infinite ospectrobo 0 .(sfnd.32 0.06 o L.46 .6 .8 V W /. 4406 -21-31 L ift coeff/'c%ni.):20.N.10Q000 54..0/ .): 69.p. 651 .2 0 1-4 -4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of oltock.2V.40 V .81 R.04 a '^ /.08 4y 0 O'er 0 Y 2 .ofm.64 -258 90 3.2 4 .38 .4 Pres.120.6 . sf.04 G f C ^° O 4 C 0 c -.40 w 51ape ofrodi35 through end of 2B o ( chord: 4120 1. .36 /00 (.32 0. Ftovaa 38.09 a 2.0 /2 1.05 20 w 1.4 .4 -4 -N.4./8 D .2 u 80/a `^ 20'.8 ^.90 6.000 Test: VO./2 k 0 .40 U.9 Dote:8-21-31 Where tested: L. 3.24 v. 4321 R. od.84 t k O N C o c.: 0.55 5. a (degrees) 28 32 F[0vae 37.67 -1.A C.CA.E.36 ^. 0001 A/rfo/1.0 .66 80 6.0.09 40 50 12.): 694 Pres.6 8 /.3 Airfoik NA.CA.12 .T.56 90 48 0 u.0 .04 m lo-.564 15 1262 -6. LID /2 °C80 u vi 8'. 168a 12'^ u .76 6.25 -.60 O 20 40 60 80 /G 5.27 1..50 -6.NA.82 44 ass .95 485 .o C.4 .08 /6 0 a W ^ /6O 60 M 28 b C° ihrou9 = 28 0 0 chord: 4115 24020 20 40 32 O k 1.96 60//.29 1450 30 /4.(sfd.4".221 (-. / 70 9./0 1.43 95 2.6 0 .03 L/D c.74 1.0. E.06) o 00 L.4 Corrected for tunnel-wa//effect -4 4 U -B 8 -4 0 4 B 12 16 20 24 Angle of oltock.04 0-. Rod./2 .0 i0 /5 20 25 30 40 so 60 70 2. VD.49 80 3.C.N:3.):20.09 a 2. C .16 1.L.06 C 24a 2( 36 w 32 .79 u u 0 5. 9321 SIM% D u k O .p.(ft/sec.64 2.03 u a .N:3/20. a (degrees) .02 t .. 5"x30" Vef. v 36 m N 18 .08 C I in 4u ^ 0 Qa c ° .23 -5.25 4.4".50 -6.00 .44 ./sec./9 25 129 -3.68 . 0.-N.02 o O .05 O 2004( /6 6( ^ 28 ti ./00.d 246 l . 5"x30" Ve%(f/. nofm. 651 -.26 . 65 s/ape ' 1 .06) (.2V .2 Where lested./6 0 .20u x.A.07 1.44 . 25 /4.5 1.A.A.56 -4.CA 4321 Test.MA./8 50 6..42 6. Airfoil. Test: V..72 ut / 0 l o -/0 R 0 -42 S.0/ k .MA.79 .A.08 0 .100 C 0 4w u ° 1. 0.28.96 .

5 3.4403 R.REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 24 Sto.N:3./s o 8.4 .44 2.66 /5 7.12 0/ 8 0/00 . 4412 R.59 -2. 0 /.(stndatirz):'WA2/.g 8 0 .A.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.14 70 5. _g v u 0 .6 .02 0 w c 0° 4 u 04 C 4' . Pros.28 c o .44 - 0 1.73 -2.^ .C Fmm. N.05 20 V ^ .26 D 2./2 .C.200.74 25 9.T.25 -/. NA.8. 4412 91doil. S1o.95 5.06 24 V u 1.zz 95 /. 4409 R.091 0 a /00 v 28 'b 0 0 L.0 R° 0 4 C _4 0.L.28 W A2V. .69 Slope o(rodius through end of chord: 4 20 32. v LO y.33 .07 28 1.:3.0 .-N.56 5/ape of-d.000 12 Test: V.60 -2.25 .170.8 ./.2 .A.14 -L00 70 669 -..74 ^r / 0 h y -/0 0 0 /0 6.L.35 44 50 767 .6 U.000 Vel.h1A.35. 4408 I& M..A. Rod.39 . 3 3 a i .21 ./6 /. T.8 /.14 95 1.0 Dote:8-24-31 2 V Where tesfed L../31 100 - O 1.6'.32 0 .73 a cu 10 u o 48 2 0 R o-/0 0 /5 6.2 1.6 .40 60 4.e/ -LOS 2.(ft.2 . ac o 2.E.03 U .00 .C.5 2.74 .8 . D.40 60 8./sec.C. Test: V D. or (degrees) - 1NOME 30 .N:3. Lm. up-.CA.08 `^ C ° 4u .69 -2.39 -1.A.p. 38.3 _ 4 -4 -2 Airfoil.6 .30 0 40 09 36 25 7190 -L02 30 8.4'.4 .p.6 Size: 5"x30" Pres. E.0 /.0 4.z5 - O /. r° p 16 60 o /2.07 60 7.36 C l00 1.(sfnd.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.oim.2 .76 -2.B Lift coeff/cteni.08 0 0 0 0 m -.24 c.49 7.A.131 (-.04 C 0 0 Airfoil.40 so 271 .65 75 4.460 -/.4'.08--eat c./sec): 66..: 0.0 .76 40. 652 -/6 Dote: 8-24-31 Corrected to inf'nite aspect ratio 0 .65 80 4.20 LID w Q20 a4 0 l ri 16 6 0 12 8 0 80/00 1. Lift coefficient.76 -226 40 .80 50 919 -1.): 68. a (degrees) c c .170.4 .04 t c 0 AirfOlL'NA..66 0 ku a mc 20 40 60 60 /0 0 Per centofchord 20 6.76 .!6 0 . -N. Lm LO.6 -4 0.37 S. 1.5 5.64 -1. Rod. Test: V DT 652 -6 Corrected for tunnel-watt effect -. 0.20° U $ .8 Doie:12-15-31 Where tested: L.03) 1-.37 -/.: 1. LWr.CA.4 16 /.74 /0 5.61 -1.v.33 ./.41 -250 30 9.000 Size: 5"x30" Ve1.(ft. V endpf 2810 0 lhrough chord: 4 20 3 24 1. Opi-.$ v. 0 3.26 03 100 (.11. 732 Corrected for tunnel-wail effect -.43 2.32 L.89 .614 16 W a 3 24 a 20 020040 .26 90 2.52 -155 44 20 40 60 BO / 0 Per centofchord 20 7.47 .A.2 -4 -8 0 .20u y ^ .36 .2 -.):20.N...

(fl/sec.): 69.N.16^ 020 0 6 u .48 slope o7u9 through end o7 Chord: 4120 iW 0 . Lm.55 a O k .93 95 /.0 .// -506 15 10. Test: VOT.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 4^ 3 Airfoil.6 .8 LO L2 1.25 -415 25 /0.26 40 12.: 3.2 .49 20 //.7/ /0 7.B LO L2 /. L'0r. us o l00 4.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL S0.36 00 (.T 655 -.3 v 0 -.40 U .N.C.ZS 3.000 ve/(f//sec.07 28 Z{ 1.7 Dote:8-26-31 Zr.2 Size: 5"x30" Dcle:8-27-3/ I-rl' Where tested: L. 655 -16 9-27-31 cted to infinite aspect ratio .2 0 u-.A.06 G u /.25 -3.'c k .36 .70 s0 /1.09 h 36 w 2.07 `• 0 4Cv W 36 °° 2.25 U 25 0 -l0 20 /0. A.02 L/D /. 24k m 04 24' Lc e.08 0 x 80/00 2 40 .o u a0 0 4 4 32.0.5 -.75 -4. C.67 90 346 .000 /2 Airfoil.48 5./8 ^D l0 U lU 4p O 0 C 28 44 20 40 60 BO /0 Per cent ofchard .27 -4. _6 LB .110.2 -8 2 cv 0 5/a.4 /. 4418 R.. .04 1.57 95 1.:3.07 -1.67 /0 9.74 -3. 4418 airfoil.A._6 ../7 -2.25 -3.5 .65 -402 60 10.72 -556 25 12.04 n Angle of attack.09 28 /.24 F v `^ 40.0 5. ZT .:3.9B D -4 o -B -/2 I: NA.5 Soo -299 5.45 80 6.6 /.CA ./6^ .c 44 04 20 .44 5 /0.MA. 4415 Dote:8-26-31 Test: l!D.A.C..L.M.32 0 .06 -4.03 A.30 -214 70 7.: 2.75 //. 4418 R.8 48 20 40 60 80 Per centofchord /0 0 40 /0 .2V .): 69. 0 4 Cv 720 -N.CA.4 .0/ k 0 . tested: L. 654 Whe Corrected for tunnel-wall effect _4 -8 u c l6 0 Airfoil: NA.A.25 2.55 90 308 .40 ^ 08 AS .08 0 0 0 0 m -. a (degrees) Oa C ` 0 0 m -.S"x30" Vel. ° 376 - -2// ° /.-N.67 .03 k O 48 2 30 //.5 6.5 4.92 -3.76 -5./00.8v.6u . U 8' 4' .55 -/.0 6. 2 . N.06 V u 1. NA.89 .6 . /. UP r.y .otm):20.55 -2.N:3 /10. T. Test: l!0.C.63 -/./0 80 5.66 -5.84 -3.2 V .16) L.4 Lift coeff can't C 44 L/D u .4 .2 W k _/0 Co c. 654 -16 ' 4 Corrected to in fihite aspect rofo _ -4 FIGURE 40.6 . Rad.l2 . 4415 airfoil.4'.70 -4.T.Rad.4 FIGURE 41.32 24 0 44 a 32 v N C g 0.A.0$ W ^ /. C .72 60 9.44/5 R.03 168 a v 2.56 Slope ofrod)u5 Z' D through endof chord 28 0 24 0 2 0 q 2004 0 N ^ /6^ 6 0 0 o /2r8 u 8 0/0 0 R..E.4 .27 75 6.22 -/.4 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect .0/ -8 -4 0 4 8 • 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.0 .4 08 `• .100.40 -5.000 Test: VD.16) (-.CA.200 0 oe .200 ^. 270770-35-4 .000 Si.05 If l 20 m • v .MA.04 c .8 Lift coefficient.0 .6 .91 -3.06 7.12 . a (degrees) -8 2 a 0 P(sti7d.: 3.53 -2.08. Up •r.L. 24 '3a 20 q20040 0 16--60 .p.0.44 -24 3.79 2.49 30 12.36 ^.28 o^. 70 6.98 15 9.4 L6 0 /.

09-- 8 2. Rod.42 125 4. N.M.17 1314.06 44 .2 .0/00 k c 20 4 u 0Q 32 O 28 24:9 12' /.5 5.C.1.T.): 20./sec.20 ^ 32 U a.o .9/ 3B5 .25 .110.6 .05 28 p 0 through entl of chord: 4125 44 00 .4 airfoil.72 95 1.08 u.24 y v./2 .000 u Size: 5"x30" Ve/(H/sec.17 35 /- /-0sl i°o°o L.0/ S 0 .8 Angle of otfock.50 6.09 2. -6.F0 l0 0 0 LG Bod.B4 -3.2 °u c •3 .4•4 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect R- -4 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 72 0 .(st'n: Where fesfed• L.4 Pres.20 um °.L. 442/ R.0 /.N.06 24 0^ /4 .): 69.2 w ' 3 Where tested: L. FIGURE 43.2V.6 .40 -•235 -23/ -/.2 Airfoil NA.6 u .4 v O y -.C.:$05Q000 Size: S"x30" Ve%(H.45 2. 25 -.5 7.2 Angle of attack.04 /.A.24^ y. UPr.CA./6 -5..93 50 6. 4803airfoil.110.07 26 e 0.60 9.44 . 5f.: 0.G' r.050. _8 d '01N /.0 .O.A.A.07 /.4 .0 d o tm.40 51ope od fro us UC 0 .32^ x. N.02 40 6. c -4 0. 0.5 3.62 /B %35 -6.40 -08 1.89 /5 4.36 ./2 10 g0 D ]5 924 -5.25 90 2 /8 .8 .08 4u 0 0 r ° 0 O Airfoil: NA.0/ .C 1.A.56 70 5.36 . p.97 0 U W e 0 20 40 60 80 Per centofchord 24 0 20 k Q 20F40 V ^ C c.E.6 . Test: VD.4 46 /.40V . p L/D b 40 r n `o o /6^ 60 .16 - zo L^ r -2. 7/ ' /0 362 -.0 .8 /.32 O V U C 3 241.200u 12.A. a (degrees) FIGURE 42. /s 0 .0 260 -/.T 656 -.C.BO .28'^ 005 v ^ 20 u Q 1.12^ w 8. .15 12.53 60 390 /.568 Corrected for tunne/-/l effect -.08 . -B -8 0 -.11:3.46 50 7.(stird ofm): 20B Dote:8-28-31 .74 -.02 .0.34 30 6.2V.C.. 4421 .N:3.'O w . o: (degrees) Lifl coefficient. N 1..82 -4.76 -6.4". A.28 .66 U _/0 5.6 u .02 o ° .6 Dafe: 4-/5-31 •2 Pres.00 hp 2. Test: V.A.35 60 613 /.03 R U B v .L.4 -8 ^` e Airfo#-N.N:3.21 /.) 70.27 Q 20x40 y ^ 48 44 0 20 40 60 80 l00 Per cent ofchord -6.: 4. 4421 -8 u' e R.34 13.03 uo u .44 -4.2 l. B-28-31 Test: VD. lB //. 656 -16 Corrected to infinite aspectrotio Air foil.75 -6. A.78 0/280 8 0/00 168 12 ^ 0 4 uk 0 0 z 0° 4 u 0Q C C 0 -4 0.T. 10 D /.-N.36 100 /.04 /60 k 0.27 B6 25 30 4014.92 -s.A.8 .000 /2 Dote. A. 4506 R.64 20545 -:32 25 59B .04 15 2013.65 /.9B.o 36-0 ro 0 0^ y L D g` /6't 60 a 40 .REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 26 D 50 BO 70 60 90 w _/0 hW p t y -36 v ./0 .A./60 .000 -l2 Oote: 4-/5-3/ Test: V AT 568 _l6 Corrected to infinite aspect ratio -8 -4 0 4 8 /2 16 20 24 28 32-4 -2 0 .8 LO /.81. M. 4506 R.4 -6 .74 .4 . r- c.65 v Slope ofradius end of 28 0 through chord: 4/20 /.2 Lift coefficlent.

46 6.0 -4 0.95 25 8.56 .84 -1. 24 i? C.160 0 0 o /6^ 61 o /2 C u e r .I.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL up'. /5 (.C.07 -2.2V .(sfnd ofm):2/.W /.6 .44 7.4 ./2 k 4".69 Slope afrad'us through end of .24 LID w N 20041 v LOv.9 805.04 /00 (.000 V. almf:20.97 0 80 4.A.120.CA.04 u o v ^ O4 C AlrfOlL'NA.5 /0 3.28 20 a34 -3./2 U k .2 .40 /.32 C Ci /.00 95 /.99 -3.T.52 .35 95 /.4'.4 28 32 Lift coefficient.28c chord:4 25 .2 Where fested: L. Test: V D.50 -1.33 25 SO 7.06 -.04 ° Su o v ^ 0 Q O 0 Airfoil.93 . Rod.0 7.50 5./7 30 40 9.L.25 2.j.89 51. Rod: 1.40 70 7.43 .32 C V /.08 B o /Oi 0 4v .6 .0 .L.44 2.12 6.95 9.6 .4 . Up'.45/2 R.4 .A. 5o.29 .96 -1.60 90 256 .37 -266 Ul .67 -2.0 .16 - a 2.e . 569 Corrected for tunnel-walleffect -. -1.MA.27 70 6. /. N.C.47 30 ..85 -1.): 69.64 -/ -/.05 -/.9 Dote: 4-15-31 -./2 .2 -.22 4.23 -:04 90 2.C F'lovac 46.A.75 D /O U ^ 0 L.N.281 chord: 4/25 3 24 L. Size: 5'k30" Ve1./60 D . 4509 R.09) f-.C.P./ Dafe:/2-/6-3/ Where tesfed'LAIA.29 606.58 . a (degrees) 28 32 Lift coefffcient. -/0 20 40 60 80 /0 Per cent ofcho^d 0 25 7.0 -4 O 4 8 12 /6 20 24 Angle of attack a (degrees) 0 0 -.62 60 7.47 3.36 100 v 28O 3 24 0 2i /.5 /0 /5 20 V0.20 0 X20041 N ^ u .-N..A.40 6.0 LX.08 o O o i °12^Bi 8 0 /Oi c C .46 -3.99 -2.20^ p /6 61 8x.97 50 9. L'-r. Test:V.12 -1.2 .A.25 vD /0 O -2.46 -/. 125 2. 27 .:3.36 1.N:320Q000.18 O 0 15 7.: 0.. 12) /00 . 4512 airfoil.6°. LID ^o /.36 SOS 6.70 20 40 60 60 10 Per cont ofchord -2. v -8 .(s fnd.2 Pres./ Size: 5"x30" P es.0 r . 13S 2.(fG/sec.Q Proves 44. E.03 . G -B -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 Angle of attack.6h .(fL/sec): 68.-N.42 .DT 733 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect 4 0.56 Slope ofrodus through a 2Z ° t U aC v 28 0 48 ./2) (-. 4608 airfoil.A.2.54 4./9 50 7. 2 W 2.091 /00 0 L.5 5.

40 C 0 4v o u 04 c -4 0.32 x. 0 4 Cv a 32 O v o 24 0 20 .N.6 .w.2 .MA.36 x.49 50 /0 6.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 /6 20 24 28 32 Ang/e of Mock.94 -296 311 -1.19) (-.09 .01 -5.12 0 .N: 3 /30.6 wu . 49 -3 8 7.6 4125of 168 L2^.// I 20 40 60 80 IC Per centafchord 44 2. UP 'r.d C.4 .o /.CA.07 -1.08 Y LID /6^ 60 o /2c80 8.- ..080.20 4.A.: 3. Rod.a .08 Ci 100 O L.. -8 u .: 246 Slope o/ radius I= 9._.CA.A.2 .44 60 9.02 o '0 .85 -4.P.0 .92 60 657 -2.88B 2. 4518 airfoil. Test: VD.C y Fca sE 46..2V .L.B m'/6^ .47 O ./6o 02 0 .20 BO SB9 .04 V`-. E.2 Airfoil N.56 4. a (degrees) -4 -20 . Lift coefficient.80 -4. 28 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS St.0 . Test.56 Slope of-d..:3.O. 2511.3 Pres. E.N:3130.0 L.16 4011. H effect -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of otfoch.8v.25 20 //.94 60 /0.0. o -B U 0-.0 .12 0.L.0 L2 14 /.8 /.2 .x. 5 00 -2464 0 4 5.4s -4.000 Test.01 .37 40 /253 50 1/. Cno /B .0100 /6g v 12 6 ^^ k 4 0 -4 0 v O 0 w -.4/ -569 -6.44 501062 -262 D 48 44 9.60 -398 4 to 20 wuo ^/0o ]. VD.2 04 C Airfoi/-NA.09 36 w l ..2 .7 Dote:4-/6-3/ Where tested'L. Slo.24^ v.A..CA.6 .): 69.2 .6 L Frooxx 47 .-N.(ff.d. Up".28.. (sthd afm): 2L0 Dote:4 Wherefested.25 25 3.C.p.30 IS 8.34 90 3 69 .66 -4. R.69 -3./ 0 0 m -.6/ 25 /0.e5 70 299 -1.7/ 95 2.45/5 R.69 90 332 .32 0. 4518 Dote: 4-16-31 R.74 /5/0.T.94 -/.. LWr 0 0 /.35 y 20040 .44 /00 (.4J .4 .4 ..d.8 /. 571 Corrected for funnel-wall effect -. IL 32 a 28 ti .12 .0 Lift coefficient.-L.06 C 1..A.C.25 -316 -4427 -5./sec. 572 Corrected fo inflhVie ospectrofio -4 -2 0 .24X v./ C u 28 ZS .0/ O .08 k 6i a' 4y u 4 0 0 .4 .0/ c.06 24 p /. 0 ./9) /00 .5 6.5 end 0 chord: 4125of l 40 N 36 w ti v 48 ..04 V-.56 s° cN 7 20 40 60 BO 10 Per cen/ofchord 3010.6 P es. 45/6 R.000 Size: 5"x30" Vel tft..9 . L'w^-.59 20 -450 0 2B ti L6 .96 s k a v 26 0 0 c hord 24 .b 20 O 20 0 40 y ^ /6^ 60 a cu /0 y a 4 l 0 00 0 ..25 2.79 6. 4518 airfoil.4 -4 R v -8 J1 4y ._ v .(sfndofm./sec.VOT 572 _ _ .05 W a o /280 60/o0 `^ 40 '' ..4 .6 .4 40 C Corrected for tunnel-wc .A.019 -3.04 v 1.36 y. T.4 .07 k 1.27 30 12.05 20 u va 1. 0 .72 70 6.):20.03 U .o 2. a (degrees) m e Airfoi/: NA.000 0 • Size: 5"x30" 3e)..04 v /.03 U 1 h .20' x.MA.08--_..28`c 0.40 •x.): 66.-N. 9 -5.

32 :/7 ROd _6T_ 4g16D60 0 C p -40 v -80 c 2.573 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect ./3 4.25 2.000 6/ie: S°x30" Ve/.09 .olro):21.• N.4 .56 p.90 -6.Rod.23 2S 5. Lift coeff/cie.26 -1.0 0 +-H 24 1.50 -331 -3.0 1.Bo . 452/ R.-N .4 .(sfnd.6 Dote: 4-/7-3/ Where tested:L.L. 20 k Q20E y o 40 -2.36 .16 6. UP' .46 .. 4612 Dote: 12-17-31 0 R:N:3.0 Dole: /2-/7-3/ -.A.28 C 0 N L2V . 6.56 .A. 49.7.5 0.0 Pres.0 .05 95 2.63 /00 (22) (-22) 100 .2Bc 0 .6 .26 3.27 50 11../sec.4 /. .40 0 5/ape cf "of through end of chord: 4/30 20 a 40 00 .04 v 0 u ev.N.04 VE Airfoi/.0 LE.42 2513.// 20 40 60 80 /C 7 Per cent .4 .2 QD /0 ITT i 0 -/O O 20 40 60 60 /C Per cent ofchord 70 60 5.D./sec):68.T 573 _16 Corrected to infinite ospect rotib V u 24 0 20 4 uu _2 .150.81 -3.2/0.97 90 406 ./.C. 734 -l( Corrected to 1/7fhffe aspect rotio -4 F-it.otm).C. 1.6^./0 .C.57 -2.C.24w v 16 /.00 -2. 45 L ° 0 Angle of otlock.36 S.04 Airfoi/: NA.40 0/2280 60100 0 4u 44 V E co P .D. 4521 R.•20.50 -7.0_v .J: 69.63 20 1273 S 0 m 26 O 0 24 t.6 .{chord c.27 -/.L Cc .N.60 90l 936 9.02 7.06 .3 0 -.17 -3.86 /2 70 9. 734 _4 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect 0 4 B l2 /6 20 24 2B 32 Angle of ottock.N3 : /50.65 -4. A.60 SO 750 7.40 .• N./2 w 4 .:3.00 80 7. -1.MA.46/2 R.4 .CA.A. Test: V.: 4.4 t.T.5 /0 15 20 25 30 40 50 zo v $ L2 V .56 -3.17 -7.0/ 8.lso 8 .66 90 323 100 !.:3.25 4./6 -2.(fl. 1.T./2) (-. /.A 4612 airfoil.6 .40 -3.3 P es. X140 CN /. T.8 .160 o O Co S^.2 /.(ft.210.(slnd.0 .4/ .08 2 .17 6.44 2.20 u a c -4 0. 2. -8 u -8 -4 .44 1-T 0 0 qtu .A..L.3/ 0 l 24 p Ci u .5 SO 7.08 W L8 ./0 LO 0 48 .56 -3.-LM A. a (degrees) v 16 p 0 .8 LO Lift coeff/cient.05- 0 0 y 60 7.A./2 -6 l o.000 Test: V D.C.4 .36 o .24 .03 .4'. 0 //j -4 u 0Q .32 0 06 Ci L/D 0Q c -4 40 .CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE -DENSITY WIND TUNNEL r r. L'v.000 /2 Dote: 4-17-31 Test: VD.85 5/opeofrodius through end of chord: 4/25 /2 94Mm N kp -/O 0 0 311 .38 30'3. sl.00 /0 1511.p.2 v '^ L/D o /280 8 0 /00 o e Airfoi.2 .6' .2 .A.6 L8 toll. Test: V. a (degrees) O 2 02 0/ -6 -4 0 4 8 /2 16 20 24 28 32 Up ^.%21 /o0 .44 28 0 _4 3 c.B6 -505 -5.Z/6 40 1397 -635 60 13.0 k a v B ou FIGURE 48.90 /0.24 v c Gwr.A.07 h 32 D 28 tt 1.27 -5.08 0 J 0 0 y 0 .2 Where tested. -3.000 Si­ 5"x30" Vel.-N. p. 16 -60 L U /O ui 0 29 Airfoi/:NA.

C.3 0 -4- c` -4 -2 FIGURE 51 .N. IV.5 4.07 28 1.03 03 95 1.04 y` n v 0 0 y Airfoil: NA.07 Ci 32 16 .3/ -3.20 o .99 ..08 N 18 .5 6. 6212 R.0/ 4 o ..A.2 . or (degrees) 20 Z.0 . C FIGURE 50.N:3.20° u .R A CO 12 14 1R 4R Lift coe fficienf.000 -/2 Dote: /2-21-3/Test: V D.8 .24 -292 10 5.-N.// .: 1. n Airfoil: N.02 90 2.A.46 /0 9. up'r.36 .160.73 . 60 12.000 u Si-S"x30" 1/e/(tf.26 44 20 40 60 80 10 Per centofchoro 7 Co.0/ 4 .12 60 9. Test: V. /00 - 2. 737 Corrected for funnel-wall effect 0 0 -41 0 0 y _.C.40 Uo .4 1.4 .04 -222 50 4.34 BO 6.56 /56.94 50 6.v 04 c./6 a .06 -2.95-3.A./2 .99 -.6 .8 O L E. C /.60 30 9.92 7.C.80 1.09 20 //.02 8 .6 6 °loo 0 40U 4 20 v ^ 3 /2 /6 20 24 Angle of ottoc/.4 .03 .^240.6/ 253.7 2 . /O 4011.".0 .p 10 0 . 4712 R. 000 /2 Dote: 12-18-31 rest: VD.240.2 .03 /2 h u .05 70 7..32 0 .09--36 .A. 0 - 0 /.56 Slope ofrodLs 0 U /L 40 09 36 2.6u 8 0 /00 ° 4u .8 LO l. /4 .(st'nd.37 ./sec.49 :.9 Dote:12-21-31 Where tested: L.28c 24 0 20 A2.08 0 0 0 k . /6 v LID. -8 -8 -4 0 4 B /2 ao ^4 .. Sfa.2 /.: 3.): 66. 735 lB Corrected to infhfte aspect ratio -2 £ 32 -8 0 .MA.04-/6 °.0 .6 .A.. l Size: S"x30" Pres.78 95 02) .6 Lift coefficient.79 2.15 /s //.0.56 50 6.3 Pres.OS v '^ 20 0 40 l p 16 ^ 60 L 0 o / t 80 /. 4712 R.O.56.735 _. 3.03 8 .N.4 _ E Correctedfor iunnel-wo//effect ' 4 C 0. L'0.44 50 /0.N.95 90 3.13 -3.Oy.08 32.25 221 -/./7 °C 48 ..T.A. .12 .j.(ft.42 100 L/2) (. -8 20 N ^ L2V.47 47 .A.A. ofm):20.0 /00 0 L.8 tE .T.oim):210 Dote:12-18-31 c Where fested'L.28 0°. up L-- 48 No /0 /. 4712 airfoil.M.L.O5 04 c -4 0.C.:. Test: V.55 -: loo (.64 60 6. 6212 R.21 . (sind.24.40 G0 . 24 b .CA. Rod.2 . L.2 . Rad.64 -3./.74 /O y O cu U l 0 yy M. .02 .A.-N. 79 20774 -377 256.4 . A. T.65 20 40 60 80 Per ceniofchord v 0 44 70].79 . -. 40i .T 737 _16 Corrected to infinite ospecf ratio 0 .2S 370.32 U t 0 y k° -/0 44 O l0 5.REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 30 St .2 u _4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 /6 20 24 28 32 Angle of offock.000 Vel.32 0 .D. 6212 airfoil.71 -156 40 9.0 0 -4 ./sec): 68. 160. O (L /. .4".42 ./2) (-.06 28 24 V U endof 28 D 0 ihraugh4/3s chord. _6 Airfoil: N.36 .0/ a 40 0 25 //.92 3011 .06 24' C 80 5.4 . a (degrees) 06 . E.: 15B 5lope ofrodi3s v V end of 28 p 0 ihro39h chard: 6110 24 kk 20 ^o 20 40 V o /6..6] .toil.04 Ci .30 .A.

000 Size: S"x30" Ile%(fr/secf:69.04 v `^ q 20040 0 32 28 tt 1.-N.55 60 6.62 2.08 C W g .B Dole:4-18-31 Where fested: L.36 ^.M.E.8v.C.D.29 1.6 /.75 25 5.' C 40.o 12' O.6 . 6306 R.43 (-. UP r L r.2B C..:3.06-- end of 0 lhra3qh chord: 6//5 LID y 36 8 .12 .O 0 28 .5 v ^ /O l 4.A.04 160 v c v '^ /Ov.32 0'.34 95 y 0 -/O . p.4 .53 50 9. -8 -8 -4 0 4 8 /2 16 20 24 28 32 Ang/e of aHo'k.25 -.21 1. 6308 airfoil.T.09 .00 2.8 /.6309 R.63 .0 /.79 31 ./B /5 .N.):20.50 1. . 576 Gted to fnfnile aspect ratio .64 3.07 0 L.MA.40 5/ape of'oo- G U c 1. AirfOi/:NA.2 /.• L.09 8 /00 a 00 2 /O O /.CA. 125 1.A.C.2 O V ^-.70 1.24 l00 v 0 20 0 100 (06) .27 u k 40 60 80 100 Per centofchoro 2.-N.24-Z^ v.OS 75 to /5 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 0 u 246 -.2 44 /.(R.A. u 0:. 575 Corrected to infinite aspect ratio O .50 1. Tesf: VD.$080..4 J . 575 -.6 .4 .3 0 -.6 .2 .45 23 cos) !-0 loo o L.0 .6 .02 25 10.12 /2U 80 w B 0/00 .0 Lift coeffi'cient. 0 -4 0 v 4-18-31 Test: V.0 .35 /.90 80 4.000 Test: V D.0/ k 4^ 0 0 0p -. 50 90 .P.94 .17 720 5.N:. 20 Slo.89 Shope ofrad'us /hrough end of .110.40 x'-./sec.50 40 10.2 -4 0 ro -8 .86 2.20./ 0 y -.96 /.50 .80 9. u 40y.C 1.45 2.L.34 50 3.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL sf.4 6C O 4^ .02 o /2 ^ 80 o 80)00 u ^ OQv 40 2.4B 70 633 /29 60 4.A.A.T.L.Rod. U -8 360 h l 32 W L8 .4 ".000 Vel.L.2 0 Airfoil: NA.2 c -.4y v.98 2./0 . S U 0 U 0204060BO/O 0 Per Gent ofchord .CA. Rod. T.07 C 28 tl /.(sihd.40 2.: 0.03 u o k a .44 .79 2.23 8.05 ./O .50 90 2.4 Corrected for tunne%wol/effect 02 C -4 0.06) 24 ^k 20 .v /2V.5 50 /0 .26 8.8 P es.08 FIUVSE 63.20a x.67 SB0 7.4 16 1 .T.C.576 -.04 V -. 6306 Dote:4-17-31 R.8 /.4 `C -. 2V.4 Correc led for funnel-wo//effect -8 -4 0 4 B 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of otlock a (degrees) C .76 6. k'. Lift coefficient. (st'nd.24 1.00 6.06 u 1.44 N 28 0 0 3 24 0 20 q20 0 40 chord. Test: V.71 95 /.05 15 v$ C.04 0 O u v Airfoil: N.03 U ^^ O ^ .16o .46 20 9. a (degrees) -4 -.3 Where tested.63 90 2.4-.2 Size: 5"x30" Pres.0/ 0 .4^ . otm.6i .): 69.olmJ:20.0 r 0S 76 7.08 48 .24 .: 0.A.080.6.28-.4 .320'0.4 -.6 Dofe: 4-/7-3/ -.P.A.86 1.h!:3. L/D /.35 30 10.40f p 16 D 60 l l 4 . 6306 airfoil.E.C FIGURE 62.2 .36 •u.02 0 /6 60 4 20 w /6 0 0.

04 G 4 0 0 m -8 Airfoil.60 -1.4 -2 n .A.27 75 948 -2.L.03 (-.M.H.' 6//5 c. 6312 R. Test: V DT 578 Where tesled.36 w .REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 32 St. LM. N: 3100. 6312 R. w (degrees) FIGURE 56..84 o x est No. L/D q 20 40 60 80 Per cenl of chord .45 -2.5 .N.23 50 10.0 /00 10 .0 Angle of attack.000 U Size: 5"x30" 3el(0.2 .08 /2: 8' . p.40 C G..C.40 /00 (. N.2x.. Test: V.(R..25 3. _4 Fc _ _8 v Corrected for tunnel-wo/l effect -4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of allocic. Rod.2 . up'r.63 25 /3. C.A.2 ./6 0 O O .N.8 .A. 578 -16 Dole: 4-20-3/ Corrected to inf nice ospect ratio 2 4 R R /0 /2 Lift coefficient.24 /6 28 20 k U 6 6^.28 o v l 0 4v o° c 32 1.208 o .44 90 a45 .47 yk y0 40 0 /0 9. 738 oo q 577 . Up.00 /00 44 .76 .6X.E. 6315 R.15 -/. o: (degrees) v 04 -4 0./2 w .'r L'w'r.T.02 0 0 8'-/00 c 0 4v U Ile C O .000 -/2 v _ 8 u Where lested: L./J 'w W. 0.93 -1.5 Dote:4-20-31 2 c _ L. W .): 68.otm):2/.32 0 V u 1./2 k o l2ru 8 0 8 0 /00 o /.C. k L/D u 0 4 C 24 1. 6315 R.:3.07 28 1.08 32.844 U 4 t0 20 /2.4 .:3.2 size: 5"x30" Pres.f80.8 -4 .(sfnd.A.CA . 29 15 /0./S . C. 738 -/B Dole: /2-22 3/ 0 ' 4 Corrected to infinile ospect rolio Corrected for tunnel-wa//effect -.BJ-.100.6 . -6--- 1b /0 /..A.50 .62 .C.66 l00 (. 738 Test: V.03 200 40 0 o /sa 60 e`* .: 248 5/ape ofrod'us 0 through endof chord.36 -/.08 . /25 399 /.34 90 3.50 40 13.9 LO L2 14 L6 1.9-.05 25 4. 0 .13 20 40 60 BO Per cen .A.4J.32 0U 06 24' 1.08 60 9.A.04 /6 v '^ 40 .0 Dote:12-22-31 c ' 3 Airfoil: N.L.2.: 158 S/ape ofrod'us yn endof chord: 6/I5 C.4 C a° 4 0 . Sic.20 95 /..1660 r0. (surd almJ:20.T.77 ]O 8.79 14 -.62 30 /3.): 69. 0 25 5.0 ..83 20 //.fcha d v 28 0 - 0 C L.26 .20 p /6^6D l 36 U§ v 3 24 0 2 0 020.p.20 -1.30 .D. Rd.6X .50 -/.6 12 /6 20 F 24 28 32 -6 -4 O 4 8 Lift coefficient.39 90 5./2) o0 a W 28 0 0 3 24^ 20 do 40 09 36 . NA..6] -236 i/0 /5 //.4 ./sec.A.000 ou Ve1.4 o 40 2.56 Ll 7.7 -4 4 Pres.50 BO 6.37 5012. 8316.MA.4 . FIOVAB 64.CA.-N.OS -2.24' w .69 D O 48 .35 70 7. C 14 /R IR .A.-N.8 .6 .0 5. /2 Airfoil./s o o /2 u 8 0 .15 - SO ]./.2V./?j 44 G$ 2. 14 -40 25 /1.08 95 /00 1./2 0 U 1.0 .25 1.0 .04 G u ll C.67 . 30 /2.v .39 "3 U e: 0 .11U1.05 20' /.00 40 11.N:3.000 Test: V D./6J (. -8 0 0 w _2 i Airfoil: N.A.180.// .O/ 4' 0 0 -4' .30 0 /0 _/0 0 9.03 .38 5.7/ -.36 /.1sec.

/9l h .64 -3.4 FTT.7/ 60 12.05 6Xk .33 CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL w o /0 u^O o -/0 0 2 20 4060 60 /00 Per cent ofchord 1 .5a Y'us 16 C 5f 28 0 i Bu D ti aC I Ito.0 8010 4 _/2e Dole: 4-20-31 v LID ^ v _ 1.04 cp 10y.22 . C 160 v l2c 4 U . Test: VD.8 Lift coe ffcienf. D./6o .5'x30'Uel(ff.28 3 24 a k q 20 0 0l 16 v .20 -2.0 U D v 1. 6318 airfoll.A./5 l0 12.240 m. /.-N. (stird.08 e 0 D v . 4 -2 FrooaE 57.5 7.2 .54 -4.08 U W C 0 v `^ l.65 9.L.4 ..3 _ .20 m `^ .0 1.4 l. 579 Corrected to k7finite aspect ratio l .2 .C.e2 O 0 V 1.8 .6 .02 0 0 n DC 0 0. a (degrees) -.08 0 o^ 0 .60 90 4.4 . k .8 l.6.58 25 /624 30 16.C .140.T 580 1_ 4-21-31 -.BV. L'Owr.8^.-N.// i o 16D6 U 03 20 40 60 80 /0 Per cent ofchord chord: 6//5 24 wa 2 q 20x4 y ^ 1.25 5. E.3 R.579 .6 .4 Corrected for funnel-//effect --4 48 12 16 20 24 28 32 -.2 1.): 69.r5B0 fe Corrected for tunnel-wol/effect 8c .4 .7..03-- L/D 4N 28 0 a 0.24'M x.6321 v 7ez f: V.0 .09 C Airfoil.3 P es.6 1.05 va 420.04 -4 0 w 0 0 -.32 C l 28 21 d 24 's 0.44 .0 5 45 0 LB . Up'r.•IV.6318 R.36 .04 k -40.04 c.44 'z.C.79 2.: 4.R Dote: Corrected to infinite aspect ratio -8 -4 0 4 6 12 16 20 24 2B 32 Angle of atfacl.6321 R.N:3.4 .55 ( 22' ( 02) %00 L.otm):20B Dof-4-21-31 Wherefesd:LMA.4 0-.4 1. rest: V.03 2c .0/ 0 0 O U 2 Airfoi/: NAC.Z(ft/sec. a (degrees' Fcccaa 56.A./sec.5 -4.03 7.02 0 0 0 .02 70 /060 -230 80 7.07 o /2 B : o 0 -4 0 . 0 .A.36 -.40 .90 95 2.69 -1.32 L2V .40 G$ •. -8 rest: V.4' . Rod.06 32 D 1. D.4 .2 ^ -.000 Si.2 .otm):2/.12 0 .v /6 p v 1. 0. o /0 ul US O 0 -/0 0 4 4y Y 2 .A.6 1.208 11.): 69.36 -363 5.26 -454 20 15./0 .2 /.2 -8".06 U my 90 0 .28-.85 5/ape ofrad LS through end of u C 0 Qv C -4 0. (sfnd.000 Size:5"z30" V.CA.R 0 /2 .L.6 ./ Pres. 0u Q -. 0.36 .A./V.U` .70 -1.000 AirfoiLNA.0 11.16^ . T. 6321 airfoil.65 -4.:3/40.Ov.8 LO 1. D.12 .05 h 36% 2.40 2.4 _?91' of attack.4' .0 Dofe:4-20-3/ ' 2 Where tested: LMA.31 -.8 Lift coefficient C .06 l 20-.50 -450 40 16.N:3080.0/ 4^ .99 -3.35 -444 l5 14.06 -4.A.25 50 14.CA.

05 0 48 44 O /0 506. .11.24 zD /0 0 L.49 3.55 SO 3.2V .64 2.0 .C.0 'Dote: 8-31-31 Where tested.6 1.36 7.• L. -8 u Airfoil: N.44 SO 9.20u^ .0 . 658 _16 -.95 95 /.L./6 0 ..E. ofm.6 .: 0.-N. L'wY.04 /6 LOV.97 20 7.03 /2' v '^ A 4^ 12 u 80 8 0 /00 .96-L// 5./6 .0 4. D.61 44 . (stud.2 Size: 5"x30 •' Pres.5 4.64 3. 6406 R.:3.5 2/6 -.C 120 chord: 6/20 q 20 o40 ^p U 40 . up}./6 £'2 71 80 .2B /5 &J9.CA. 6i L2 /./sec.32 L.4 Corrected to infinite aspect ratio 40_/0 3 0 8 O/ -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 .28.36 1.13 40 /035 24 4' 0 0: .04 C C 04 c -4 0.4-'.28 c chord: sFzo .78 1.-N.42 . Z25 /.6 .59 /.A.0$ 20 •v a 1.08 .091 (-.66 -/ /5 7.12 0 Airfoil: NA. T.A.J: 69./B 5.12 8 0 /00 o 4m .A.M.C. (25 206 -./0 Per centofchord 25 8.lst 3 otm):20.: 0. 20 w 1.T 659 -.36 20 966 25 965 3010.6U.4 -2 Angle of offock.62 40 6.o O O .32 0U 06 24' /.34 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS Se.oz sa 2.02 S kc ° 4 u° .): 2/.90 3. /.24 .6 ° .2 Airfoi/: N.A.8 ./sec.4 .8 Date: 9-/-3/ -.2 .060.A. /00 /.36 .34 90 2.78 -.06 20 40 60 80 /6 w W 28 p 0 3 041. 69.2 . a (degrees) O FILM.04 ° l C 04 c -4 8 u u 0Oo i u -.09) d /. Rod. 65B Corrected for tunnel-wolf effect S1a.52 2.89 S/ape ofrodius lhrough end pf p. c /.24 40 .4 . u. 6406 W.16 2.421 1 /0 .8 LO Lift coeffic/ent.30 -/. 6406 R. Rod.4 Corrected for tunnel-wo//effect -8 -4 O 4 8 /2 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of offock.92 70 7.40 C. (ft.74 35 /00 O 2.8 .8 .• L.B/ 486 60 8.CA.w 20 420040 p /6 1. 66.-.o 28 p 0 32.0B 70 6./2 4^ .A.36 /6160 0 36 09 2.): 698 Pres.32 -.2 .C.19 60 7.061 (-./6 30 8. 6409 R.000 -/2 v _ 4 Dote: 8-31-31 Test: U.061 100 - o L.0 L.E.0 .28 L76 80 5.A.N.hLA.10 50 9.N: $ /00. u 95 /.40 U$ .H.:3.45 -. 64W .000 Size: S"x30" 1/eL (f/. a (degrees) F-. L'W^.N.07 28 1.O.35 2.40 Slope lhrough If-d". v 0 .3B 55 /00 (. 0 .4 y p-/0 -.T..100.20 u 60 A.2 Where tested. 0BB 252..57 /.4 .08 .6 .000 Vel./7 69 C C /O U•C O O 20 40 60 80 /0 Per cenfofchord %/2 665 .4 1. Test: l!D.2V . Test V.66 ao ass 2.

N.u.99 -1.79 /6 /.2 /2 /6 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.: 3. 6415 R./6 -.MA.L.24^E.04 95 2.2 L4 L6 L8 Lift coefficienl.2. p.2.5 4.67 SO 6.3 R.13 ]5 8.2 .01 -.4 p 0 0 0 s 20 40 60 BO /0 Per cent of chord 0 0 44 40 1325 -1.55 .15 .8 LO 12 Lift coefficient.4 ../0 40 .C. -4 0 v _ 8 0` U 12 e . Rpd. ti .E.(sthdotm):208 Dofe:9-3-3/ Where fested.A.000 VeG(f//sec.N:3.4'.4 .36 . 0 20 40 60 80 -1. Test: V.: 2.5 _.• 6412 De:/2-22-31 Test: VD.25 r ti 2.06 Co W 3 24 0 20 20 0 40 y o k /.03 12 c U e^.70 9./so .T 739 _16 E0 -.44 .36 73 657 to 7.76 .): 69. 1.8 .8 /. 6412airfoil.8'. E.776 -ao6 z9 /0 15 /0.40 0.6 .97 20 /L6/ -267 25 12. 739 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect _.25 -./2 k 8 `0/00 k c 0 4m .0 . Rod. Test: V D.N:3.'. 6416 airfoil. L'wr.C FIX 60.65 Uw'r. a (degrees) 0 .99 -. 2 U -/2 -.0 .6 .000 Airfoi/NA.09 90 372 .32 0 . 661 Corrected for tunnel-wolf effect 0 0 `Q. -N.20 0. 2 O 0 v -4 4 4 0 Airfoih N.04 80 . 225 345 -/.44 -2.x.2V.6.C.T.08 a U N 1.MA.02 16 60 o .14 30 11.67 Per cent ofchord -1.16/ C 28 L.000 Si-5"x30" Vel(ft/sec. 2 Size: S -B o ^ . Test No.04 C C ' 0R C 8 q o /2g 80 .A.12 .60 SO 5.2 .0 .L. /25 273 25 3.4 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.4 -4 Frovas 61.206 v .0/ 2 .. O - /.0 l v 16 p Ci u 0 24 20 M 420E40 y o LO 1. /O .N.58 1S .): 69.CA.07 28 t . a (degrees) k v 0 -.D.09 W v .6X.06 24 p 1. Up'r.511 v 5 otrod/us /ooe end of 28 0 through ^hord:s/zo LB .: 1.36 .C.A.4 . 16.6 .A.O l.64/2 R.090.04 tj a Airfoil: NA.16 0 .711 70 6.38.060.4 -8 0^ _..28 0.6 . .04 C.07 too 1'161 f-.05 0 -4 o v 'B 0. Dote:9-3-3/ Test: Corrected to infinite aspect .A18 20 /034 25 11.03 L/D l /2U 6 0 0Q c -8 8'11 o O .39 9S /./2) ('12) /00 C 100 .CA.4 .35 CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 9Yo.73 90 333 .4-1co _ -cfed to infinite os ect rofb sf7dolm):20.95 .32 0.29 30 13. -. .0 .2 .34 706. C L /0 -123 U C 0 -1.40 V$ - .556 o -2.08 4 32 D 0 C L.28c O0 .A.53 2.8 Dote:12-22-31 Where tested•L.8 Pres. $YO.T.09 36 v 2. 739 000 660 -4 .05 v^ /.0917.16 60 9.76 BO //.02 k h 8 0/00 ` C u /2'c U ^ o /6 p v 1.08 o 4v -4 0.O 48 00.0/ 4s 0 Oo ..08 -4 0 4 8 C ^.L.65 BO a . 60 l u 1.64 h o_/0 -/. e .24 :0 v 04 ti 20.20 4011.48 0 Slope ofra0 us through end of 0 chord: 6/20 0 III 1.?.L91 50 1246 .C . up 'r.A.64 -2.23 u 2 •// .05 D 20 .110 O s0 /1./2 w p 10 -1 4.4 .

/9) /00 b v .A.2 Airfoil: NA.0 4 Where tested: L.CA. a (degrees) 0 0 - C v0 0 2 c _4 e -. VO.04 C Airfoil: NA.16^ L/D ^° 0 a .(st'nd. up ". Sta.04 G -.L.4 Ooie:9-4-31 -4 0 C 0 Qv .8 Lift Coefficienf. Test: V. Test: V.26 -1.A.20 8 q20040 o 16 O 60 .-N.8 10 FIGURE 63. p. -4 0 2 .A. 8u -8 -4 0 48 12 16 20 24 Angle of attach. -N.9-4 -31 Corrected to infnits os -.221 /00 O L.13 -208 25 6.M. C V O.221 (-. / O 0 k0 -.000 u Ve1.18 /5 /344 -552 4 20 / .64 -340 40 14. 25 4.A.0 y o /0 O /. 663 .0 95 2.): 70.81 S k 20 u 1. o 42V.000 Ve%(R.59 3.:3..26 20 /332 -4.4 .6 Oate: 9-4-3/ Where tesled: L M.49 25 1565 -523 30 16.14 -3.5 ./60 .: 4. U 24 p l 0 48 12 /6 20 24 28 Angle of offpch.52 -5.E.A.24 -4.0 5.030.40 60 13.93 80 8./sec.0 0 L E.v a 16.C..6418 R.53 -346 Cp ].6 .C .75 30 14.62 -2.0 .40 /0.15 -4.16 7.65 -4.5 9.8 10 12 1.C.99 -39/ l0 10.A. 6421 Dole: .O/ .A.07 . 663 Corrected far lunnel-wall effect -.17 90 4.36 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 0 0 ur / 0 v.4 .24 . ` 48 Ur 0 m 0 _/O 44 .C.44 -2.4 -2 0 .0] 25 14.T 662 _16 tied to infinite aspect rcho .6 .C. L/D a 12 ^ 8 B o t0tl 12:c 8..70 -2.): 20.o .60 -205 60 1224 -447 70 7./7 -3.0 .N: 3. 642/ R.28-. 6418 R.70 50 13.65 '95 246 .// 0 /O 1/. Rod.L.06 u Slope of ughradiuI end of 28 p 0 Thro chord: 6/20 24 0 20 w y20 0 4 0 616-1-6 0 l .12 0 .06 0 -4.40 ­ 08- 32 D v 28 8 18 .09 44 2..4 .5 10.0 7.A.24.3 Prss./sec. Rad. L' w 'r..100.OT.4 Size: 5"x30" Pres.A.6 .4 .06 -/.4 28 32 FIGURE 62 .92 25 7.olm.4'./91 (-..N.ofm.60 -3.25 5.04 V ^ v k LOy.79 -5.^ v c.N.56 Slope ofrodius end of 28 0 0 1hro3qh chord: 6/20 3 24 0 20 C /.C.23 28 b 100 (./2 o /2^8 0 k 8 v l0 0 o 4r 0 00 .11.100.W. v 12:c v k 44 .06 -1.6X .05 W a .4 U -8 -8 -4 O w _8 0 Q 2 7: NA.O.9/ 40 /6.59 70 11.(sf'7d.p.12 - u k 20 40 60 60 Per cent oFchord /0 /0 h .36 .2 14EE: 5"x30" . 0 C l 20 w /6 0 v 1.04 5.): 69.6w . O 1.94 60 .1/--. a (degrees) 32 F a.32 E3.d 24 0 loo (..54 90 4.c a 4 4^ 0 00 Y 0 4.68 a n 0 4u v ^0a .A.85 U W AS .42 20 40 60 80 Per cent ofchord t0 40 36 y .2 .51 ._ 4 0 _8 P Q Airfoit: N.0 p a `c Bv.:3.36 .4 ..40 v 46 .16 -416 50 /5. 3.4 0.32 U° U a .08 c.20 03 ./5 05 1202 -4. Lift coefficient.44 36 m l 32 U U^ 2.28 1 0. 6421 airfoil.):20.000 9-4-31 Test.(fl.0 . T.02 01 .2 .T 662 Corrected for tunnel-wo/t effect 6415.4 L6 7.8x.

37

CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL

s .
1.25
2.5
50
7.5
/0
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
70
80
90

v

Up ^.
1.36
2.00
301
3.65
4.58
5.76
6.74
7.49
8.06
6.66
8.65
8.06
6.69
5.17
2.90

G' Y'.
0
- .60
- .70
-.62
- .43
- . l9
.37
.95
/.51
2.03
264
3.35
3.48
321

D /O
C0
0 _l0
O

./2

20 40 60 60 / 00
Per centofoh-d

L.E. Rod.: 0.40
,,, ,he
ndof

v
1,111
04 0 200
k
0120040
01660

36

.09

2.0 .40 Ci.09
W
/.8 .36.07
/.6 .32 0.06

L52
1.43
95 /.57
73
100 (.06) (-.06)
/00 - 0

U

./O
44

32
?6 ^
?4 p
l
?0

V u

chord: 6125

44 28C 0.05

C

LD

42, .24^u \y',.04
v

c. p.

1.q.2004.03
U
.d .160 .02
12 80
.6U.12 .0/
60/0
.4'4 .08
0
s
C
04u
.2
.04
yr
u
.v
0Q
0 0 -.2
0u
Airfoi/:N.A.C.A.6506 R.K:,$17Q000
C
Ve/. (R./sec.): 68.5 -2
Size: 5"x30"
-4 0.
e-3
Pres.(stnol-):2/./
d.
Date:4-23-31
Where tested: L.MA.L. Test. • V.O.T. 586 4
-8 v
Corrected for tunnel-wall effect
-6 -4 0 4 8 /2 16 20 24 28 32 4
Angle of attack, a (degrees)

/6p

4,

m

lC ^
8

-foil: N.A.C.A. 6506
R.N: $170,000 -/2
te: 4-23-31
Test: V D.T. 586 _/8
rrected to infinite aspect ratio
.2 .4 .6 .8

/.0 1.2 /.4 L6 1.8

Lift coefficient,'C

FIOME 64.-N.A.C.A. 8608 airfoil.

s11.
0
1.25
2.5

c

up'r. L'w'r.
- 0
/.93 - .99
2.75 - 1 .27
3.59 -445

v o /0

t 0
Ca0

50
7.5 4.97 -/.34
45
/ O 5.62 -L

O
U
0

a
v

O

/5 7.18 -.96
20 8.22 - . 9
3.56 .5/
30
4010.11 /.39
50 9.97 2.03
60 9.20 2.34
70 7.81 2.30
80 5.85 1.87
90 3.29 /.07
95 /.78 53
/00 (.09) (-.09)
/ 0
0
LT Rod.: 0.89
5/ape ofrodius
/hrough endoi

28 'b 0 chord: 6
3
24 0 20
20 a 40
V
p /8 1t 60
a /2 u 80
8"0 100

20 40 60 60 /G
Per cenl ofchord
.44
W

C

.36

u

16

.32

0

G °

25

p.

-8
-8

-4

8
4
0

0 0

.6u./2

.4'.08

Angle of oNock, a (degrees)
O

4

8

x

.2 .04 C

0 0 y

Size: 5"x30"
Ve1.0../sec.): 69.4
Pres.(51'ld. 11-120.6 Dote: 422-3/ -.2
Where tested.• I'll"L. Tes1:VD.T.585
Corrected for funnel-wo/l eff ct -.4

-4,

/6
/2

u U^
6 /6°

Airfoil:NA.C.A.6509 R.N.:3,110.000

.c

l6

1.4 .28-, 0
N U
L2V.24 ^y v`
/.Ov.20^ o

C

°o 4uU
OQv

V

2.0 .40

12

16

20 24

28 32

0

v
a

Dote:
-.4 -

Fmvaa 86 .-N.A.C.A. 8600 airfoil.

L 1ff coetfiaenf, c^

38

REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS
20

5fa LPL-.

a -

o

tzs 2n -/..la
25 356 -/.82
SO 5.02 -226
75 613 -2.43
15 857 -2.27
-1-91
25 /650 -1.47
4011.6- .06
so 229 7/
60 1035 i.21
70 876 L39
BON
6.5 I.24

RLI

1111

46
.//

w -/o

yo

Test M

20 40 60 80 /6
Per cenf ofchord

O

/O 7.06 -2.45

o a x
eoo

44
40

1

20 9.69

3011.07-

U

.44

.98

O

Ioo

c
W

28t D
24 ,420
^20i4D
o I6g 60
o
B0

C
-4 0.
-8

32

C
1.8 .36 .u.07
w

o

L. E. ROd.: I.SB
5roae ofrodis

28 e
.O

24 p
l
20 u0
/6 0

1.6 .32 0.06

V U

1.4 .2B 0.05

Through end of
chord: 6/25

•v D
.2 24 x.04

c.p.
L/D

v

vk

110

4.03

/2.c

v

a

.8v.1.6 .02
0 0
.68w ./2 .0/
.4'.08

Bolo0

°0 4u
0Q

36%

2.0 .40 G.08

90.72

-°C

d

.09

a

.2 .04

C,

u

0

0 w0 -.2
u -.3
v
-.4

0

Airfoil.• N.A.C.A.6512 R.N.:3,180.000
size: 5'x30"
Vel.(ft./sec.): 68.6
P es.(sfndolm):20.9 Dote: /2 23-3/ -.2
Where lesled: L.M.A.L. Test: V D.T.740
Correcied for lunnel-11 effect
-8 -4 0 4 8 /2 16 20 24 28 32
4ng/e of attack, a (degrees)

k

4y

F -4

0x

0

-4 0

v
-B

/2-23-31

sled to infinite as
.4 .6 .8 /.0

Lift coeff/cieni,C

Fiaass 66 .-N.A.C.A. 8613 ailfb 1.
S^ OPr LW r.
125 3.26 -1.68
2.5 4.40-2.33

b
0

ZU

0
aC
N
D
28

S. 0 604 -3.04
Z5
15 8.34-355
297 -3.56
20 11.14
-3,33
2S12.00 -295
30 /259 -249
40 13.00 -1.52
5012. 2- .62
60/450
.0e
70 9.69 .49
80 7.22 .60
90 405 .36
/00 (:/5i (-JS)
/00 -
o
L.C. Rod.: 246
0 t ough ^dof

l0

U 0
4,4 _/0
p

0

20 40 60 80 /L
Per cent ofchord
.44
2.0 .40
/.8 .36

Ci

/.6 .32
CS

/.4 .281

chord: 6/25

v

3

24 L.

L2 Ci.24cvov
/.0 y.20°

c. p.

w

N20040

LID,

v

16 60
t

^

0

o /2 80
8'.100

a
° 4u
.o

n

OQ
C

.2 .04

0

Airfoi/..NA.CA.6515 R.N:3,100,000
Size: S"x30"
Ve1.(ff./sec.): 69.4
Pres.(sthd.otm.J:20.11 Dofe: 4-22-3/ -.2
Where lesled•L. .40 Test: V.DT. 583 -.4
Correcfed for tunneFwof/effect

v
-B
-6

0

.6 °./2
k
.4' .08

-4

O

4

8

12

16

20

24

Angle of attack, a (degrees)

0

28 32
FIOU88 87.-N.A.C.A. 8616 slRoll.

Lift coefficienf,C

Q

CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL
w^ /o
u °c 0

39

./2

48

EFFF

C o -/0

44

0 20 40 60 60
er cent ofchord

p

40

zss
Ls4
Los
.41

a

05

U

S
0B1
56
dlls
Sf

v
m

28 0
24 0

44

^0
/,

2.0 .40

1 .08
w

/.B .36
C

N'0o

^

24
ZO

x.04
k
^.03

/2

02
C
-8 u

5^ . UP'n L'^ r.
/.25 4. ]5 -222
2S 6.17 -3.26
SO 6.20 -450
9. ]0 -524
75
/o 10.93 -57/
/512.79
2014.10 -6./3
-.6.14
3015.60
25 /505 -59Z
-553
-444
4015.63
5015. 27 -3.27
601181 -220
1457 -/.30
70
80 6.59 - .6B
90 4.B5 - .32
95 2.67 - .23
(22) (:22)
%000
0
L.E. Rod.: 4.65
6/ope of radius
1 / eo endof
chord: 6/25

u,

0

4

a

.2

.04

0

0

/6

0

.02

8'

0/

4

0

0:

v-.2

Cw-8

w_' 3

Airfoi/.•N.A.CA. 65/6
R.N:3,/00,000 -/2
Dote:4-21-31
Test., V.O. T. 582 -16
Corrected to infinite aspect ratio

o

'4
-4

..2

0

.2

.4

.6

.8

/0

Oft coeff/clent,C

/.2

/.4

/.6

t.8

68.-N.A.C.A. 6618 airfoiL

^ a ^O•
^1Q 0
R 0-/0

O Per
20 cent
40 ofchord
60 80

/6

/0

C

N
l

.09

36 m

2.0 .40 V^..06

32 a

/.8 .36 x.07

28

/.6 32 0.06

24 p

44

U° u

.o

/.4 .28 0.05

l
ED'.

/.2 V .24 v.04

/68-

v

24 l 21

c.p.

L0^.20U x.03

020041

/6^ &
o 12 1u Bi
B 0 /0,
0
4u
.o
04
_4'0.r

u

Airfoi/: NA.C.A. 65/6 1?.1:3, IOQ000
Size: 5"x30"
Ve%(ft./sec.//: 693 _ 2
Pres.(sti]dolm):20.8 D&.%1_31
Where tested.-L.M.A.L. Test:VD.T. 582
4
Corrected for tunnel-wall effect
4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32
ng/e of a//ock, a (degrees)

r'.

z6

m

.4'.08

-4 R

28

0.05

.6'./2

u
k 8 0/
C
0 4 vu
o
l

32

0
°

0.06

/.0 4 .20

Pf

°p
-

36

14 .281
1.2V .24

II I

C

l.6 .32

0 16^

O
U
k

07

w

I

I

c. P.

k

t

/ 0, 1

u

R

.02
L/D

0
u

.6 U .12

.01

4^

4`1 .08

0

00
0
40

.2 .04

v

0 Q 0 -.2

Airfoil: N.A.CA. 6521 R.N.:3,080,000
Size: 5"x30"
Vel.(fi!/sec.): 69.8 _.2
Pres.(sfnd.ofm):20.6 Dote: 4-21-31
Where tested: LM.A.L. Test- VD.T 58/ 4
Corrected for tunnel-wall effect

-8 u
-8

-4

0

4

8

12

16

20

24

Angle of oiiock, a (degrees)

28

32

U
C_3

-4 -

Airfoi/. N.A.C.A. 6521

Lift coefficient.

Fmm. 68.-N.A.C.A. 6521 M doiL

R.IV:3,080,000

Dote: 4 2/ 3/Test: VAT 581
Corrected to infnite aspect ratio
0 .2 .4 .6. 8 /.0 12 1.4 16 l

T.l2/ /00 O c L.44 2.14 -. 44 U 40 0 s u 0 36 ti U C v 28 p 3 24 0 k ./sec.6 .1250.90 U 90 4./3 so/ 53 0.32 1.44 70 9. Q LID ^/ M0 to Co O 20 40 60 80 /0 Per cent ofchord .11M./6 /. 6812.A. ROd. 66/2 R.A.9 .:.36 1.: L58 N Slope Ifrpdius /h end .04 ° 46 v OQ C -4 0.A.otm.g 80 q.78 -247 75 5. 741 -.N.000 Vel.95 -200 3010.5/ 4011. C.A.): 68.• L.28 p 0 chord: 6130 of 3 24 L.64 -270 /0 6.20a N 20 0 16 ^ u p.C. v.45 -1.17 -2.2 .2 Pres.56 1.): 21.08 8° .24 p. 28 32 Angle of ot/ock.5 3.6'.d L2V.40 C /. 20 0 40 /6 60 o /2. L'11 0 /./2 ./L (-.C./9 95 2.19 /.60 /00 (. 6712 e4(oll.28 .4 Where tested.A.20 rJ o .O y.33 L98 0 BO 7.4'.-N./60 O O O o /2 u k ^ u /2 V . a (degrees) Fl°II88 Lift coefficient. .C.41 -L94 So 4.REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 40 S" UPr.43 2. 70.C Angle of oltock a (degrees) F1Qv v 71.28 C .A. Corrected for funnel-wall effect -8 -4 0 4 8 l2 16 20 24. W M Test.70 -278 15 &// -269 20 9. v V .0 . Ci -8 v 0 0 Airfoil: N.04 u N R 04 C -4 0.0 Size: 5"x30" s 7d.-/00 c 0 4v o /.• D. 0 U -8 Litt coeff/'aent.8 .-N.06 ix I C .41 25 9.49 50//.L.(N.51 -1.0 Dote:/2-28-3/ -.32 V '28-.A.25 2.24•^ w v v.

08 tD0 (.(sti7d.N.20 u C 'u 6 0.32 ti /. /.000 uel.96 -2.69 2.00 -3. a (degrees) w.A.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 41 cD u -2. a (degrees) W M .:. .6 .4".090.000 " M(H.-N.A.00 -2.26 28 ^ ! 3 24 a 2i no .2 .A. 0006T airfoil.96 -3.05 !2V.5 o• Bv.:3.4 .0 7.A.C.04 G-.44 '.77 95 4/ ERR O .O.a -4 V 4 c4 ca Jc Angie of oHccA. ROd.55 Per cent ofchord 2./2 0 . /.0 40 /.X6 Test: Y 6 Dote: 4 -8 31 Corrected to infinite aspect ro: -2 FlomtE 76.79 /0 /5 20 25 30 40 50 60 2.28`C v /.04 0/60 a /2 u .(ft. Per centofchord .A.42 1.87 296 3.54 2.85 -2.6 .q2 -1./sec.556 or funnel-wall effect P .7] - 0 0 32 Ftoo z72.8 36 _ '33 (-.180.32 0.^ 0 Cw -4 0 v -6 a e Air.o/o 1.A.5 tm.00 .30 2./2 u c° 0 70 2.o Oy .L.m.061 o.02 o 80/0i k c a ° 4uL .46 -.c .O.o/m):20. Test: l!D.7 -2 Size: 5"k30" Pres.22 0 k0 D cv 28 ^ 3 2.04 80 /./sec.16o 0 0 . 00068 abfolL 0 .1s -1.p.41 !8 .4 .46 -/.T.0 Lift coefficient.A.r 554 _ 4 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect c -4 0.19 cN -N. 8v 0 4 8 12 /6 20 24 28 Angle of attack.36 W ^.A.M. E. Q 12 14 556 . 90 .30 -2.20 0 /2 U a .0006T R. w o ° 4 u ^ 0 0 04 Airfoil: N.0/ .3 '•4-4 . N.t0 .79 Lm. 0006B R.44 287 a -ass -2.65 2.2 °u '2 c .24 c./2 G 4' 08 2 .8 Dote:4-8-3/ -4 R -8 u d. v y 2 i4t Q D b ^q U .62 -296 -3.06 1.2 V ./.v 0.54 -269 -28] -2.25 26 S. Test:VD./t 20 40 60 80 /0.8 Doie:4-8-31 Where fested•L.08 x 2 .04 /6 8 LOv.00 296 2. 24 0 k q 20p L/D LO• w . C.lsp O .): 68.A.49-2.: /.70 s u .A.:3.241^.4 . foil.evo .0 .06) (-06) too 0 0 L. .C.07 !6 .00 3.): 69.N.09 .4 4.L.L.):20.8 l.49 -204 i L ifl coefficient./ 0 0 0 -.6 . 00068 RN.40 1 .MA.6 0 . 6fo.

59 75 S. 00/28 R.08 0 4 4 0. 24 ^ 20 8 .92 -600 -6.6 .(fL/sec.2 Airfoil: N.09 2.. Test: V D.92 6.09 -509 S.0 Fioasa 74-N .8 . A. 5.06 c l /o y Ra -10 0 -536 -574 -5.550 _4 -4 Corrected for tunnel-waf/effect -8 v 36 32 .ro -4 0 0 m -.3 Date: 4-3/ c '3 Where tested: LM.A.2 . f5 20 592 25 6.8 Rama 76.8 40 /.5"x30" Ve/.p.otmf:20.4^ .8 V U 0 40 • a 42U.E.): 69. 20040 0 /6 D 60 w . D.07 -2. 0012T SW0.4 .L.000 oU Ve/. 5481 Corrected to inf'niie aspect ratio j.4 :2 0 .09 360 2.78 i (a2 0 0 L.N.04 v ': 401 .69 -4.6 .04 C k Airfoih N.40 <.36 .08 x .4. T.A.C.L.N.060.0/ 4 0 0.otm):20.000 -I2 Dole: 4-4-3/ Tesf:V.' 4-3-31 Where ies7ed L.32 0.T.0 7.05 ma /.A.69 50 4.43-.4 .:3.2 .4 .Rod.M. T.21 -421 5. upr.rd 1C .40 V$ . a (degrees) v 1-.8 Lift coefffcient.05 c.07 4.c _4 4 ti 28 i 0 24 l 20 m /6p 12^ w /.02 0 0 L< c.43 f. a (degrees) 28 24 20 6 /2 ° 8' .2 . 0 -5.4 -8 -4 O 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attach.E.)_ 70.(sti+d.6'./60 .28 < 0.(sthd.0 .12) -1 e4 -3.2 /00 .55 -83 (-.08 f.08 32 U 44 W 1. cwr.06 28 0 0 V20 48 Si.01.A.28-.A.75 -5.B .O 1.44 .T.55 95 63 100 ( .20$ x. Tesf: V.03 u u . a " 1.2 44 l. -4 0 4 8 /2 16 20 24 26 32 Angle of attach.5 /O /5 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 95 /oo Lao 0 0 /o L88 -188 266 -gas 3.:3.91 -1.O/ L/D U 16 60 12$ BO 0 . C .000 0 0 0U -./ 2 Size: 5"x30" Pres.20 0 . 550 _/6 Corrected to Infinite aspect rotio -.12 . 00128 airfoil.04 m '^ 1..59 -5.2 .4---.-N. D./0 .00128 R.4 .CA.080.(ft.ROd: 0.93 -559 -4. c 0 u v 0V 48 - -8' A/rf0lL• NA.464 -5.8 1.29-4.N.96 .59 60 4.2 O^ 0 -4 0 v e Dole: 4-3-3/ Test: U.00 30 6.CA.6 .08 10 S.5 Dole.6/ -361 4.C. 00127 R.98 70 80 2.32 0U t06 1.5.37 -137 78 -.// 4.25 -12s lU 0 -/0 0 125 as 5. A.: 360 0 u 0 D v 2 0 44 20 40 60 80 Per cent ofch.Isec. .07 28 Do 0 a /2 u 80 w 8 /00 ^..40 u 0 v 4 0 44 20 40 60 /L 7 80 40 Per cent olchord 1 .00 40 593 50.91 90 1. Lifl coefficient.03-.04 Ca .64 -.A. 5.2V .8 /.4 .p..:3..00 -600 5.5 P es. 125 ze4 25 3.16 .C.4.C .8x.c 40 CPo W 24 w0 20 -8 7 /.o 4 V 0y -8 c 4^ U 0--.29 339 -339 2.75 5// -5.42 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS sfo. o . D.24* -W.36 16 .0 .2 44 L6 1.120.0 . /2) loo 0 0 L.24* v .02 a 0 .A. 548 Corrected for tunnel-walleffect -.

04 v LID V 20o4i o /6 & /.08 t ^ a /2 t 8 r a U 8.M.A.32 q U0 V 1.4/ -.B9 /./6 v 0 0 . N:3. 0018B elrfolL 43 .28 5. u -8 0 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 /6 20 24 28 32 Lift coefficient.C Angle of attack.88 -8.000 Ve%(ft.06 C .44 -6.2 .o p4 -6 .0 .A. p.24 C ZB O 24 l 20 ap.:3./7 -1.CA.6 . otm):20.36 60 Z47 70 6.2 0 Prey.O. Test: V. 0 0 y 0 Airfoi/: N.A.17 l00 (.T 551 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect _ •4 'C u -8 -4 0 4 6 12 16 20 24 28 32 Angle of attack.69 -BAS -7. CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL Sro.4 .0 U 4.46 B. E./0 4v 0 O U ./sec.:].(sfndatin):20.•L.6 32 1. -6.65 .E.: O. N./2 .4 Corrected for tunnel-watt effect 4 0.78) 1.32 164 -7. 24021 k 2.-N.6 Dofe:4-7-3/ -.000 Size: S'k30 1.37 90 2./1 -437 -2.3 Dote: 4 .2 .4 . Test:VOT 552 -.62 50 767 -761 60 6.44 2.MA.CA: 00/BT R. 00188 R.64 8.44 2.47 -6.40 /6 .28% y L2^.e Q) O o . /5 /. Vel-(ft/sec): 692 .N.6X.20 P .L.Rad.N U.180. a (degrees) F/evas 78. Up'r 25 SO Z5 to /5 20 25 30 U 0 L'wr U 283 -2.365 90 205 -205 95 /.44 .32 -1.89 50 6.A. a (degrees) - Frayse 77./2 .11 80 4.j.00 9.^ . o /00 0 a 0 -9. 80 00 6 0 /00a 4 40.C.D.83 4. (sfnd. Rad.8 .2 Where tested:L.£4/ 6.2 Size: S"x30" Pres.28 -4.6 .09 B0 3.40 L.24 /0o 0 .32 .36 /.4-.88 -9.36 0 L.A./B) !-.6.6U.0 .24 (-.7Bi 0 /o0 0 t U o 0 c N /O C z8 ° 1 c.L.32 95(.00 -846 R p -/D 0 20 40 60 80 Per centofchord 40 662 -8./: 69./50. 081ST slrfolL ^a i^ 30 sod 40 8.04 C 0 04 C Airfoi/NA.4 .281 v 70 S09 -5. 411 L/D N 20 0 40 0 /6a 60 12.16) .A.04 C .0120U u 8 = .31 Where tested.

a (degrees) Lift coefficient. Test: l!D.p. O 230 - -/.02 . /3/ 0 rz C 24.20 ^. w Slope of ivdius end of 28 0 through u chard: O.A.N:3.M.28 .0 (-.(f1.06 30 796 -402 40 776 -3.120 .04/6no a mk L/D 20 p 40 1.06 C c.0/ q^ u 8'-/00 . 20 L6 k L/D o /6^ 60 12280 6 -/00 °o 4u^ C 04 Airfoil: NA.' L.84 -3.N.16 .2 Airfoil: N.2R/2 R. 40 7.26 -1.4 /.0 4.06 8 24 0 L. 211 1 I2 airfoil.07 95 .2 . 0.28.03 .5 5.52 OvO F k /0O JS 2.29 0 10598 -a42 156.2 . 2R2/2 R.4 32 0 1 ./0 -2.L.N.A.72 BO 316 -2.A.03 u V u o C k a° p /6D 60 .T.6 ./0 44 .A. _ . C 12 /.4 1.CA.): 69.w 1 .09 36 w N 25 7.64 W U 90 1.16 -a28 /O 5.4".4 .13) a 10 100 O 1.36 ^ .0l 20 m /6p 124-c• 8'^ . 153 C.26 95 .6 1.4'1 .2 /. 3. 765 _/6 0 -.320".4 .0 Lift coefficient.OZ 8^ 0 80 o .260000 Size: 5°x30" 3el. 0 57 2.P.260.§ .-N.R.CA.66 -.10 4w-/O -276 S'' ' -3.63 -a96 l2 " .4 .E.130.06 0 00 = o 0 4v C .57 15 6.61 70 u . 2RZ 12 R./0 90 1.2 -•3 _ .-r.6 .A./7 E /o 2 iO yy.8.000 o U Q c Size: S"x30" sec.T.44 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 20 Sto up'r. 12 AR._/0 o 5.8 /. u -8 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 0 24 0 l.OS 42V. 000 -l2 Dote: 226 32 Test: V D.8 Fro. T./sec.09 40 36 506. 764 -l6 Corrected to infinite aspect ratio -4 -2 0 .4 .H -4 0 v -g a e Airfoil.13) (-.40 -.74 20 Z56-3 25 791 -3.03 -355 60 5.: /.78.4 0.6 .C.2 .24w y.J:20.94 -3.20 o °x.5316 -2. $ 4 LLJ 0 .:3. q 20Q40 .6 .27 O 60.84 50 7.8 /.24 i^o y.6 Dote:2-26-32 Where tested. (sthd.0 1. 24 0 20 1. E.-N.:3.): 68.08 _ /6 20 24 Angle of atlock.: /.2 4 4 3 Pres.i.A.63 48 .2 u -.A.82 -3.oe 32 a 704.87 .2 .8 Angle of atlock.itod.-NA. Up'r. 765 Date: 2-26-32 -8 u Test: V.5 Ye'TI Dole: 2-26-32 Airfoi/.07 i -2.88 O 20 747 -402 48 44 20 40 60 80 / 00 Per cent ofchord .6 1.32 L"a./0 40 . L'w'r.A.130.4 Corrected for tunnel-wol/effect -.74 /00 (.13) /00 0 L. L.82 -4.' N.29 -286 75 5.l6 .2V ..97 30800 -400 48 44 20 40 60 80 Per centofchord 00 .95 OOp 28 (.C. 2Rt12 airfoil.16 4.06 /.4 Corrected to inf/Hite aspect ratio -8 -4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 04 -2 0 .12 .3 Pres. 764 Corrected for tunnel-wo//effect . C.17 7.53.L.000 -l2 w Where tested-L.73 -.0 ./ -2. a (degrees) 28 l 32 28 21 o.44 20 . otm):20.(stnd otm.36 ll. .63 -4.97 -3. D.CA. Rod56 .8 .0 .4 _ •4 u ° C. 20 Sta.c ./60 .C Flovaa 79.04 0 O w -..05---20t chord: O.867 D 44l 60 S49 -a66 2. / -4o 3 o u 0 v _g a 0Q 0 O "Q:) -.SBC v /^ou endof 28 0 0 !h /.6.04 vr -.A. Tess: VD. 2R.40 c.04 C /. -3.A.

7 0 p t O C se i- 98.0008 a personal error involved in reading mean values of slightly fluctuating quantities. The major portion of these errors is caused by insufficient sensitivity of the balance and manometers.6 . 20 40 /660 0 40 0 4m -4 0.0.32 0./2e /6 0 . After a considerable period of running the particles in the tunnel were found to become lodged.74 5.23 4. N: 3.43 90 .20 -4.74 /55.74 -55.:3.C. vk o a .230.Rnd.So . This pitting was probably the major source of error in connection with the earlier tests.0.89-/.31 60 /.p.15o 0.0' '4 0 /. ^.9 -1.35-5.00 .89 10 20 40 60 BO Per centofcha'd O 4.94 -594 594 -594 30.61 -26/ 3. 0012Fo and 0012F.C.50 .MA.99 25 261 -261 50 .55 -3.00 -.50.96 -/.A.CA.4 . 74 50 . but the presence of particles of hard foreign matter in the air stream tended to cause a slight pitting of the leading edge of the model during each test. _ C.T.01 U Q W u -4 ?0 t 162 m 4 8 /2 /6 20 24 28 32 Angle of ottock.N.36 .0.5 5.(sti7dotm.20 o 12 ^ 80--t- $4 100 4.A. it was hoped that a more specific discussion of report. all measurements were carefully analyzed to consider possible sources of errors of the type that would not be apparent from the dispersion of the results of repeat tests. a . C FIGURE 80 .6 /.3/ -4.74-5.74 -574 5.55 4.6 .50./2 e 04 oe /4 .0 . that is. The magnitude of all such accidental errors was judged from the results of repeat tests of many airfoils.P .4..04 C \ 0 4:_ 0 •^ NA . For this A general discussion of the errors and corrections involved in airfoil testing in the variable-density tunnel is included in reference 8.0 1. PRECISION largely eliminated during the later tests.):210 Dote:7(V 14-32 `^c Where tested.): "x30" 68.1 U Pres. . AC 002 a80012F.6 . by the originally reported in reference 2. CD1(CL=0) V t 0. /.44 ..0.24v ro. The accidental errors in the results presented in this report are believed to be within the limits indicated in the following table: Cm.69 5.28-. 0012E 0 00 0012E /. 7519753 Corrected for tunnel-wall effect -•' 0 X8.96 /.50 -3.T 751 8 753 Corrected to infinite ospectmtio 4t v 8 ^' .Y u 00 '' C N.08 ..20 205.4 .55 10 20 -4.0006 1 -0.96-/96 70 . In connection with this report.74-5. but it was reduced for the later tests when the necessity of a more careful inspection of each model was appreciated. including all of the symmetrical series the various sources of error and separate estimates of the various errors might be given.01 .A.03 f 0.0: . the effect of the error from this source has been minimized by repeating the tests of many of the airfoils.230.-N.D: 360)I 2. L.69 0 0 2.3/ 4.68-4.50-50 90.0012 0 8 0012F R.2 /. a (degrees) /z ^c o!o .5 percent) error of this type is present in all the air- .8 v.0015 . The last is perhaps the most serious source of error.6 .L. aufoas. permitting this source of error to be CLmax In addition to the consideration of the accidental errors. I R.591 GO O E.31-4.^.000 Da1e: 1-(9812)-32 Test: I D.20 /0469 . a..000 5Ve%(ft/sec.003 0.01 3z o /.0.40 L1$ -. of the type the magnitude of which may best be estimated from the dispersion of the results of independent repeat measurements. however..50 -45-6. after a careful study of all the measurements it became apparent that practically all the errors may be regarded as accidental.00 -6. VD.00 40 . and by the error due to slight surface imperfections in the model. A rather large (approximately 1.5e 28 0 240 20 ^ C 1 c.30 95 5 .4 /.8 /.50 . However.35 -535 255. and from the results of approximately 25 tests of one airfoil that were made periodically throughout the investigation to check the consistency of the measurements.35 o+x NA. The models were carefully finished before each test.79 0011501(-.45 CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 48 0 0 0 L251.4/ -/.55 -3.2 .16o 6 0/00 I0 /( .0002 CD0 ( CL -1) 0.8 ZU Lift coefficient.

ar oma I 27 per rodlan x 4% 04 Vy + 6% ro ° Maximum thickness in per cent of chord 0 Camber position in fraction of chord (Abscissa of maximum mean-line ordinate) F1aunE 81. but tests of airfoils with different support arrangements lead to the belief that they are within the limits indicated in the following table: « ±0. with the results predicted by thin-airfoil theory. test data from consecutive tests of airfoils having different thicknesses and the same mean-line form are used.—Variation of lifGcurve slope with camber. . The measured coefficients.—In the usual working range of an airfoil section the lift coefficient may be expressed as a errors need not be considered. N. the interference of the airfoil supports on the airfoil.075. the deflection of the model and supports under the air load. affected by errors in the airvelocity measurement. and second. Errors in the tunnel-wall corrections. are reduced by the presence of another error in the air-velocity measurements due to the blocking effects of the model in the tunnel. LIFT linear function of the angle of attack CL =ao (ao — aaa) where a n is the slope of the lift curve for the wing of infinite aspect ratio and a Le is the angle of attack at zero lift.00 — 0. however. which corresponds roughly to the Reynolds Number attained in flight by a mediumsized airplane flying near its stalling speed. The analysis of the effect of the meanline form is made with respect to consecutive tests of airfoils of the same thickness (12 percent of the chord) and related mean-line forms. to the belief that these results are more nearly directly applicable to the characteristics that would be obtained in flight at larger values of the Reynolds Number. of course.001 f 0.0002 1 0. if the section characteristics are defined as the measured characteristics with certain calculated corrections applied. The effects of this error.05° 0. airfoil having a moment coefficient of —0. also be treated as sources of systematic errors.001.46 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS velocity measurements resulting from a reduction in the apparent weight of the manometer liquid when the For the purpose of comparing the results from different wind tunnels and of applying these results to air- density of the air in the tunnel is raised to that cor- planes in flight.0010 FIGURE 82..1° for an different degrees of turbulence.000. The error in angle of attack. DISCUSSION The results of this investigation are here discussed and analyzed to indicate the variation of the aerodynamic characteristics with variations in thickness and in mean-line form. For the analysis of the effect of thickness. was found to be approximately —0.000. but at a lift coefficient of 1 may amount to —0. where possible. the value of the Reynolds Number cannot be considered as a sufficient measure of the effective dynamic scale of the flow The airfoil characteristics presented in this report were obtained at a value of the Reynolds Number of approximately 3.0000 ±0. however. Aside from this source of effects of air-stream turbulence. however. it is believed that only two other sources need be considered: first. Consideration of the effects of the turbulence present in the variable-density tunnel (see references 11 and 12) leads. The angle of attack and the moment coefficient are affected by the deflection of the airfoil and supports. which is proportional to Cmcl. The results are compared. it is also necessary to consider the responding to a pressure of 20 atmospheres. the reader is referred to references 9 and 10. The error from this source in the moment coefficient is inappreciable at zero lift. Such Lift curve. as well as the derived coefficients are. The errors resulting from the support interference are more difficult to evaluate. should be considered when the results from different wind tunnels are compared. a summary of which is presented The tunnel-wall and induced-drag corrections applied to obtain the airfoil section characteristics might in the appendix. obtained by dividing the measured forces by %pV 2 .02 CLmax Cmcl4 CDa(CL=0) CDa (CZ =1) 10./2 tSymmetrii al ai^R! foi i I . For consideration of these errors. Results for 12 percent thick airfoils.—Variation of liftcurve slope with thickness. however. In air streams having error.

The angle of zero lift is best analyzed by means of a comparison with that predicted by the theory. Maximum lift. of the theoretical values. approximately. slope slightly. Numbers refer to mean- nesses. except for the symmetrical sections for which the highest values are obtained with somewhat thicker s . v i 65 Comber position in froction of chord fAbscisso of maximum --line ordinate) 704 FIGURE 83.t CL_ . X 63 E v. as with these related airfoils.f /. It will be noted that the highest values are obtained with moderately thick sections (9 to 12 percent of the chord thick. although a rearward movement of the position of the camber tends to decrease the lot 003 0 43 024 0 25 0 44 0 45 o63 0 64 0 65 a. The ex- The camber has very little effect on the slope. The theory also predicts an increased negative angle the theoretical values in figures 83 and 84. Curves indicate general trends for the different thick- 8 12 16 20 Maximum thickness in percent of chord 24 Francs 84. The experimental values are compared with range of low profile drag. Thinairfoil theory states that the angle of zero lift is pro- portional to the camber if the camber is varied. a v o av v^ `64 g14. E I /.5 b /. the departure becoming greater with a rearward movement of the position of the camber and with increased thickness (above 9 to 12 percent of the chord). Points shown are for 12 percent thick airfoils.—Variation of angle of zero lift with camber. the measured values lie between 95 and 81 percent. /.—The variation of the maximum lift coefficient with thickness is shown in figure 85. as indicated in figure 82.e /.—Variation of angle of zero lift with thickness. camber designation. The points on the figure rep- given mean line without altering the camber position.9t u.It will be noted that all values of the slope lie below the approximate theoretical value for thin wings. resent the deduced slopes as measured in the angular as the position of the camber moves back along the chord. by scaling the ordinates of a perimental values lie between 100 and 75 percent.t ° 'Symmefrfcol series 2% mean camber 0 23 series •• x 24 + 25 04 4%mean camber o 43 series •• x 44 + 45 6Z mean 6 /2 16 20 4 8 /2 16 20 4 8 e 16 20 24 Maximum thickness in percent of chord FmURE 85.—Variation of maximum lift with thickness.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL 47 The variation of the lift-curve slope with thickness is shown in figure 81. These results confirm previous results (reference 1) in that they show the lift-curve slope to decrease with increasing thickness. 2a per radian. approximately. Table II gives the numerical values of the slope in convenient form for noting the general trends with respect to variations in thickness and in camber. Numerical values of the angle of zero lift are given in table III. of the theoretical.& y a.

-. Air-flow discontinuities.e. MOMENT Thin-airfoil theory separates the air forces acting on any airfoil into two parts: First. i. —Variation of maximum lift with camber.ea+nCL are classified into three general types as noted in table IV. but the degree of stability is difficult to judge. The variation with camber. the resultant of which acts at for airfoils having a thickness ratio of approximately Maximum thickness in per cent •. Maximum thickness in percent of chord a4 FIGURE 88. or (3) increasing the cam- coefficient as affected by variations of camber and lift may be judged by the character of the lift-curve peaks indicated for the various airfoils.02 -. The gain is small. (2) increasing the thickness (beyond the normal thickness ratios). We then have in the working range an expression for the total moment taken about any point Cm = C. Craves Indicate general trends for the different thick- nasses. for the normal positions of the camber. the plotted data indicate that the . This reduced effectiveness of the camber is in agreement with a conclusion reached in reference 13 that . Referring to figure 87.03 ^E U o -. Results for 12 percent thick airfoils. which causes an early break- Figures 87 and 88 show the values of the moment down of the flow with a consequent low value of the maximum lift. 0.05 20 percent of the chord. The stability or instability of the air flow at maximum 4 20 16 8 12.90 Ca„ 0 23 — 0 43 0 63 o25 0 65 024 _1 0 44 o 45 0 64 o .—Variation of moment at zero lift with Camber. ' L5 -. second. The curves thickness compared with the theoretical values. the theory states that the moment at zero lift is proportional to the camber and predicts an increase in the magnitude of the moment as the camber moves back along the chord. however. the forces that produce a couple but no lift (they are dependent only on the shape of the mean line).REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY 48 sections).—These and other windtunnel tests indicate that at the attitude of maximum Theoretico/ curvy 2/ w -..OMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS bar (for airfoils having normal camber positions. It may be generally concluded that improved stability may be obtained by (1) having a small where Co is the moment coefficient at zero lift and nCL is the additional moment due to lift. As with the angle of zero lift. .0/ _L 4 Comber position in fraction of chord (Abscissa of maximum mean-tine ordinate) FIGURE 87.3c to 0.BL E m Qt V$ C• 74 i _L 4 Comber position to rrau/on or enora (Abscissa of maximum mean-line ordinate) FIGURE 88. Numerical values of the maximum lift co- 69 j. It will be seen by reference to figure 85 that the camber becomes less effective as the thickness is increased..04 efficient are given in table IV.—Variation of moment at zero lift with thickness. The probable cause of these air-flow discontinuities is discussed briefly in reference 13. Points shown an for 12 percent thick airfoils. lift the air forces on certain airfoils exhibit sudden changes which in many instances result in a serious loss of lift. the forces that produce the lift only. Numbers refer to mean-camber designation. confirms the expected increase in maximum lift with camber. a fixed point. but becomes larger as the camber moves either rearward or forward. leading-edge radius. camber is of questionable i value. shown in figure 86.5c).

8 Comber position in fraction of chord (Abscissa of maximum mean-line ordinate) ... If the resultant of the lift forces acted exactly through the quarter-chord point. the results are not plotted. Table VI gives the numerical values.01t +0. The variation of the profile-drag coefficient with the shape variables of the airfoil section is analyzed with respect 0 Ox mean combe . to avoid-confusion. however. above that computed for the symmetrical section of corresponding thickness. . Figure 88 shows that the experimental values lie between 87 and 64 percent.—Variation of position of constant moment with thickness./ oirfoixe * C&- q +0.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL moment coefficients are nearly proportional to the camber. The variation of the minimum profile-drag .. mean-11ne ordinate) 92..6c).6 ... k+0. show a slope in the working range which indicates that the axis of constant moment is displaced somewhat from the quarter-chord point. where k is the increase in CDs.. Reseltsforl2pereent thick airfoils.. 4 . is considered to be independent of the airfoil section.0056+0.2 in fraction FIGURE 91. Values of n fmnquationC.+ (CDamtn + ACDa) The induced-drag coefficient C U.00& Mean ca. due to camber and t is the maximum thickness in fraction of chord.Co a 4X 2% /. Norma/cambered oirfoi/s + 4 8 0 16 20 24 Maximum thickness in per cent of chord FIGURE 89. of the theoretical.—Variation of position of constant moment with camber. Minimum profile drag..2 Comber position in fraction of chord (Abscissa of LL mu. The factor n represents the amount of this displacement as obtained from the deduced slopes of the moment curves in the Mean camber )2 O 4 s% 4% Symmetrical airfoil zr. .01 9+01 V.112 where t is the thickness ratio and k (which is approxiinately constant for sections having the same mean Line) represents the increase in C. FIGURE coefficient with the profile thickness may be expressed by the empirical relation CDamfn =k +0..4 . Beyond the stall all the airfoils show a sharp increase in the magnitude of the pitching moment.l. the profile drag as the minim um value plus an additional drag dependent upon the attitude of the airfoil. which is computed by means of the formula given in reference 8. bar..—Varlation of minimum profile dmg with thioknom far the symmetrical airfoils..0060+0.s +nC . The variation of CDanfa with camber is indicated by the variation of k as shown in figure 92. It will also be noted that the curves representing the ratios of the experimental coefficients to the camber are nearly parallel to the equivalent curve representing the theoretical ratios except that the curves tend to diverge for positions of the camber well back.. to the variations of the two components of the profile drag.. we have in coefficient form CD = CD.—Incmase in minimum profiledmg due to camber.+nCz.02 49 Symmetric.. approximately. there would be no additional moment due to the lift when the moments are taken about this point. against CL.3c to 0. normal working range. V .—C. Values of k for equation Cx. x 2% a 4% + 6% . Values of a for equation . The suddenness of this increase follows the degree of stability' at the stall as indicated by the type of the lift-curve peak. DRAG The total drag of an airfoil is considered as made up of the induced drag and the profile drag. having normal camber positions (0. The curves of C .O names 90. as predicted by the theory of thin airfoils.. Considering O s . The cambered sections show the same general variation with thickness but.04 . Results for 12 percent thick airfoils. Numerical values of the moment coefficient at zero lift are given in table V.8 . Results for airfoil. The variation of this displacement with thickness and with camber is shown in figures 89 and 90.—The variation of the minimum profile-drag coefficient with thickness for the symmetrical sections is shown in figure 91.

—The optimum lift. For the symmetrical airfoils of moderate thickness the term to be added to the induced-drag coefficient was given as 0.7 percent of the induced drag of an elliptical airfoil of aspect ratio 6.012 . special curves were faired for this purpose on enlarged-scale plots corresponding to certain related airfoils grouped together. that is.5 a-a-. In general the points above the curve correspond to thick sections and sections in which the maximum camber is well back.. . and 5.020 J This function is represented in figure 93 as the curve determined from the results for the symmetrical airfoils and for the airfoils having a camber of 2 percent of the chord.6 . generalized curves for the relation OCDe = f (CL— CLavr) are given in figure 94.. The points well below the curve correspond to the thin airfoils.8 . The departure from the curve becomes greater with increased thickness and with a rearward movement of the maximum-camber position. the lift coefficient corresponding to the minimum profile-drag coefficient.0062 CLE . Optimum lift. A convenient practical method of allowing for the increased values of CD. The values of the optimum lift coefficients obtained in this manner are given in table VIII.—Addaioml pmdle drag.008 . using the part of these data published in references 2.—The additional profile drag.004 :° tx . As the determination of this value of the lift is largely dependent upon the fairing of the profiledrag curves. may be called the optimum lift coefficient.. These curves are given to represent more accurately the additional profile drag for the normally shaped sections.. This equation holds .4 .028 .024 0 x n . Additional proflle drag. which is dependent upon the attitude of the airfoil. It may be noted by reference to this table that the optimum lift coefficient increases with camber . reasonably well for the normally shaped airfoils at values of the lift coefficient below unity. and also because the results as presented in figure 93 are difficult to follow.)' where CL °n.7 . Numerical values of CDamr° are given in table VII.50 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS The effect of camber is small except for the highly cambered sections having the maximum camber well back.3 . at moderately high values of the lift coefficient is to include the additional profile drag with the induced drag. as suggested in reference 2. 4. as defined above.9 40 F—E 93. has previously been expressed as a function of the lift (reference 4) by the equation ACDe = CDO — CDOmtn = 0. is the value of the lift corresponding to the minimum profile drag. 6% x I° — °-1 016 xX#• 11. the dispersion of the plotted points from the curve becomes greater. The same method may also be applied to other airfoils if the value of the optimum lift is not too large. OX mean comber 2 4 % .0062 (CL — C. suggests for the additional profile drag the form A D0 =f1 ODr CL— CL _%L. CL 1 Because the additional profile drag is not a simple function of the lift. The relative importance of this term may be better appreciated by considering that it represents 11.2 . As the camber is increased. Andrews (reference 14)..

.16. ow . Nevertheless it is interesting to compare the optimum lift coefficients with the values included Symmetrical airfoil 20 k Maximum lhickness /2% .0/ r I Vg ^ E 0 4 6 x$.rA ` . however..4 .2 14 FIGURE 91.8 10 /. More important than these variations. the maximum lift to the minimum profile drag is. An increase in the camber .—Additional profile dmg as a function of Cy— C. i. witb camber.) 410'2- GENERAL EFFICIENCY Maximum lhickness 9% The general efficiency of an airfoil cannot be expressed by means of a single number.—•• x ma p u .1.* 0 .5c to 0..02 Meon rnmber f)- 2 1 ^^ Maximum lhickness /5% G° .0/ $ ^o u 0 . shown in optimum lift with increased thickness indicates that figure 96.6 .—Variation of CI.. Results era for sitfalls having normal camber positions (0. however.02 J B 1 O.02 2.0/ o 49. 0 07.—Veriatfou of C ao. Results arc tot 12 pereeut thick airfoils. 1 4° 2 O•. + 6%— I. lhickness 69. is less important. The ratio of 0 0 `6 4° 2 0° .02 .0/ O ov ^F U U a.e. . The curves of this figure indicate that the highest values of the ratio are Symmetrical series 200 160 V^/20 v 80 40 comber 0 23 series _j2%mean x 24 +25 4%mean comber o 43 series 4 x 44 6%mean comber o 63 series x 64 +65 + 4 8 12 16 20 4 6 /2 /6 20 4 8 12 16 20 24 Maximum thickness in percent of chord 0 FIGURE 95. 6 4 i Maximum thickness /B9.02 51 it is not primarily dependent upon the shape of the mean line.Ol O FIGURE 90. with thickness.02 Comber powhbg in fraction of chord (Abscissa of maximum mean-tine ordinate/ Maximum thickness 219. is the given by the sections between 9 and 12 percent of the variation with thickness.oFmo. 4. er• . The variation of this ratio with thickness is shown in figure 95. of some value as the measure of the efficiency of an airfoil section. "eon Max.5c).CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FRO] I TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL and for the highly cambered sections a definite increase accompanies a forward movement of the camber. (See the appendix._lC o.o/ I 29. " -T1 1 1 1 6 IT in table VIII representing the theoretical lift coefficients at the "ideal" angle of attack for the mean line..c. The variation with camber. ./CD. The rapid decrease in the chord thick. the angle of attack for which the thin-airfoil theory gives a finite velocity at the nose. comber v. O 2 .

A. denoted by the suffix B. Characteristic curves for the two airfoils are given in figures 78 and 79.aee/CDO. For each of these basic (or normal) sections one thinner-nosed section.A.02 and the values of X were chosen to give the airfoil designated the N.0 are plotted against the leading-edge rad ii in figure 97.02 . This change is principally a change in the nose radius. and a related normal section having a camber of 2 percent of the chord.C. It is interesting to note that the leading-edge radius is very critical in its effect on the maximum lift when the radius is small.12c /. 6.-Previous investigations have shown that the pitching moment of cambered airfoils can be reduced by altering the form of the mean line toward the trailing edge. 2R 212 a small positive moment.A. the N.80 7.56 1.A. C.58 3.0083 .4 . The maximum lift coefficients of the modified and the normal sections / 2 3 4 5 6 i-Hnn-eons radus in Der cent of chord F-RE 7 97.63 1.A. family airfoils: The N.C.A. the N. The nose radii of the sections in percent of the chord are as follows: The values of h in this equation were chosen to give a camber of 0. two airfoils were developed with the basic thickness distribution of the N. denoted by the suffix T.004 0012 2R^12 2912 1.002 -.C. The derivation of each modified section was similar to that of the normal section and was accomplished by a systematic change in the equation that defines the normal section.CDC- These results indicate that airfoils having reflexed mean lines may be of questionable value because of the adverse effect of this mean-line shape on the maximum lift coefficient.C.40 1.A.-The airfoils of the first supplementary group investigated were developed from three of the symmetrical N.19 3. This critical effect is also indicated by the rapid increase in the maximum lift with increasing thickness for the thin sections as shown in figure 85. by means of the following table arranged in the order of increasing pitching-moment coefficients.-Variation of maximum lift with nose radius. Airfoils with modified nose shapes. and 8. These may be compared with the characteristics of the normal sections given in figures 4.0083 . Airfoils with reflexed mean lines. but it also results in modifications to the profile throughout its length. The airfoil sections were as follows: 6 symmetrical sections with modified nose shapes.A. with a consequent loss of maximum lift but only a small reduction in drag. 2412. were developed and tested. In order to compare the characteristics of sections of this type with those of the related sections Moximum thickness 006e of normal form.p section Cam„ 211M 1.C.A.A. The numerical values of the ratio are given in table IX.C.6 .A.2 O The aerodynamic characteristics of the modified sections are given in figures 72 to 77.A. 0012.18c /. 0006.4 ^Moximum thickness 0. and one blunter-nosed section. 0018.A.A.044 CDC. 10 supplementary air- foils were tested.A. 0012 disposed about certain mean lines of the form given in reference 15 y^=hx(1-x) (1-Tx) . .40 .89 0. Maximum thickness 0.15 SUPPLEMENTARY AIRFOILS For the purpose of investigating briefly the effects of certain shape variables other than those discussed in the main body of the report.0086 171 0. The principal characteristics of the sec- tions may be conveniently compared with those of the related symmetrical section. except at the maximum ordinate and at the trailing edge.C. and 2 sections simulating those of a wing having a flexible trailing edge. 2R 112 a small negative moment and the airfoil designated the N.A.0085 184 184 IN -.53 1. the N. 0012.REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 52 above 2 percent of the chord and a rearward move- ment of the camber (for the highly cambered sections) tend to decrease the value of CL.47 0.C.A.10 .A.2 /.020 -. and the N.afa. 2 sections with reflexed mean lines. seetlon T series Normal 11-11 11 0006 0012 0018 0.C. c.

of the values obtained by thin-airfoil theory. 7. 2412. The minim um profile drag increases with increased camber. Variation with camber: 1. 0012Fa is slightly greater than 2a per radian.3c) having the same distribution as the N. varying from 95 to 81 percent. but it is of interest to note (table I) that the slope of the lift curve of the N.A. Considering the results given by both airfoils as two conditions for one airfoil.0lt+0.C. 7. The moment at zero lift is nearly proportional to the camber. The highest values of the maximum lift are obtained with sections of normal thickness ratios (9 to 15 percent). The slope of the lift curve in the normal working range is little affected by the camber.n =k+0.C. 0012F.A. 9. 0012 over the entire lift range. The magnitude of the moment at zero lift decreases with increased thickness.A. The axis of constant moment moves forward as the camber moves back. 6712.C. 53 2.C. Curves of the aerodynamic characteristics for both conditions are compared in figure 80. On this assumption the ratio CL'C.3c position. Of the two symmetrical sections.—Two airfoils were developed to simulate an airfoil having a flexible trailing edge in a straight and in a given deflected position. 6712..A. The slope of the lift curve in the normal working range decreases with increased thickness.C. the smaller departures being for airfoils with the normal camber positions. where the difference becomes slightly greater. 0012 and the N.A. 0012Fp is much higher than that of the N. slightly higher than the value of this ratio given by the N.A.C. the difference between the experimental value of the constant of proportionality and the value predicted by thin-airfoil theory is not appreciably affected by the position of the camber except for the sections having the maximum camber well back. The profile drag is also affected by the change in the thickness distribution. 4. the displacement increasing with increased thickness. 3. a very high maximum lift with a reasonably low minimum drag is obtained. the rear portion (from 0. 8. the two airfoils differ only in the rear portion. Greater stability of the air flow at maximum lift is obtained with increased camber if the camber is in the normal positions (0.A. 6. Is 197.A. and in the high-lift range the profile drag of the N.C. with those of the N. The optimum lift coefficient (the lift coefficient corresponding to the minim um profile-drag coefficient) approaches zero as the thickness is increased. 2.A. the increase being more rapid as the camber moves forward or back from a point near the 0. 0012.0056 +0. The angle of zero lift is between 100 and 75 percent. 3.7c to the trailing edge) having a thin."ef.A. 5.A. we find that at low values of the lift the profile drag of the former is much higher. approximately (for normally shaped airfoils). 6712.A. but as the lift increases this difference becomes less. Comparing the characteristics of the N.A.A.A. The thickness distribution is composed of three parts: the forward portion (0 to 0. 0012. however.A.C. as compared with an appreciably lower slope for the N.A. the profile drag of the N.A. .A. the section designated N. The maximum lift increases with increased camber. The greatest instability of the air flow at maximum lift is encountered with the moderately thick.C. low-cambered sections. and also with a rearward movement of the camber. The angle of zero lift moves toward zero with increased thickness (above 9 to 12 percent of the chord thickness ratios). for the two cambered sections.C. and the section designated N. is considerably less than that of the N. This is not true. 0012F. 0012Fo simulating that of a wing having the trailing edge deformed for the high-speed condition. the principal characteristics of the two sections may be compared with those of the related normal sections.A. The maximum lift coefficient is little affected by the change in the thickness distribution.A. The axis of constant moment usually passes slightly forward of the quarter-chord point.C.lt2 where the value of k depends upon'the camber and t is the ratio of the maximum thickness to the chord. of the value given by thin-airfoil theory. the N. As shown in figure 80.A. 0012F I simulating that of the same wing with the trailing edge bent down in a circular arc. varying from 87 to 64 percent.C. 5. 4.A.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL Thickness and camber modifications near the trailing edge.A.A. 6. of the theoretical slope for thin airfoils (2v per radian).5c). approximately.A. For any given thickness. a slight decrease in the slope is indicated as the position of the camber moves back. CONCLUSIONS The variation of the aerodynamic characteristics of the related airfoils with the geometric characteristics investigated may be summarized as follows: Variation with thickness ratio: 1.3c to 0. The minimum profile drag varies with thickness approximately in accordance with the expression C-i. uniform value.C.C. In order to study the effects of an extreme change in the thickness distribution. The ratio of the maximum lift to the minimum profile drag is highest for airfoils of medium thickness ratios (9 to 12 percent). approximately. and the central portion joining these two with fair curves.A.A.

hence. In order to avoid this difficulty.9so . Likewise. airfoil sections given in this report was accomplished analytically.258 In general.978 -1.95 to x=1 is determined analytically.273 0. V.05 to x=0. respectively.) Expressions for lift and moment coefficients may be written as follows if the angles are measured in radians: Cy=27r(a-%) (1) CLl=27r(aj-a4) (2) Gme/4 = 2( 13+aL0) (3) If the leading end of the mean line is chosen as the origin of coordinates and the trailing end is taken on the xaxis at x=1. in the main body of the report.718 -3.95 and analytically for the extremities.271 0.620 -2.84 -1. APPENDIX It is proposed in this section of thereport to present. at several values of x.492 -.00 f.A. C-c4 and CL„ so computed. and the increment contributed by the portion from x=0.315 -. The ratio of the maximum lift to the minimum profile drag tends to decrease with increased camber (above 2 percent of the chord) and with a rearward movement of the camber (for the highly cambered sections).. The evaluation of these integrals for the N.20 .308 7.910 -10. a.17 7.111 -3.048 2. and (9). values corresponding to the unique condition for which the theory gives a finite velocity at the nose of the airfoil. are given in the following table: x 0 0.(x) -2.403 -1.0472y1 (x=0. because the ordinates of the meanline extremities are zero.21 -13. (8).520 -1. (See reference 16.60 .496 1.95 1.467yo.662 -1. 95 +0.15 . The integrals (4) and (6) may be shown to be identical with the corresponding integrals given by Glauert (reference 15) and by Munk (reference 17). are given in tables III. The values of aL.. (7).910 1.662 -1. A graphical determination gives good results and for convenience the values of the three functions. some difficulty would be expected with the graphical method because the values of the above functions tend to infinity at the leading and trailing edges.'[x(1-x)]n f3W y=a+bx+cc2 t d= f 0 r. (1) the angle of zero lift aLO. This method of evaluation.0500 .60 . and does at the leading edge for the integral (4).111 -1.980 0 yf3(x) dx (9) (8) I .492 -1.271 -. integral (4) is evaluated graphically from x=0 to x=0.901 118.15 -2.95 to x=1) Aa. The optimum lift cofficient increases with the camber and for the highly cambered sections a definite increase accompanies a forward movement of the camber.05 +0.= +0. or the corresponding lift coefficient Czl. the integrand may approach zero. Actually. respectively.84 -5. VA. 54 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS 8.0125 .s5 +0. that is.A.447 2.178 4. then the parameters aLo.. Three characteristics are considered.95. integral (5) is evaluated graphically from x=0.091 39.95 to x=1) where yo and yf are the mean-line slopes at the leading and trailing edges. NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS. December 20.73 -1.470 0.624 -. and integral (5) is given by Theodorsen (reference 16).395 2.537 13. an approximate method must be used. cannot be applied to many of the commonly used sections because they do not have analytically defined mean lines.80 . The analytical determination of the increments is accomplished by assuming the mean line near the ends to be of the form (6) Evaluating the integrals gives (7) daze = -0.995 1. however. where -1 fl(x)= 7r(1-x) [x(1-x)]E (1. namely.0260 .90 .1000 .0750 .395 -29. however. 1932.0472yo (x=0 to x=0.964yo .70 . and at the leading and trailing edges for the integral (6).C.2x) f2(x)=2. is encountered at the trailing edge for the integral (4) and at the leading and trailing edges for the integral (5). and VIII. a summary of the results of the existing thinairfoil theory (based on the section mean line) as applied to the prediction of certain section characteristics..716 -1.467y.40 . 9.747 5.(-) W4 W4 -0. Such a summary is desirable because at present the results must be obtained from several different sources which give them in a form not easily applied. LANGLEY MEMORIAL AERONAUTICAL LABRATORY.30 .992 1. Difficulty.0954y. (x=0.05) -0. LANGLEY FIELD.25 f1W x 111.258 9. and (3) the "ideal" angle of attack a.109 3. briefly.61 -4. and j3 are given by the following integrals azo = fly fl (x) dx (4) 0 ar = f y f2(x) dx (5) 4(1-2x) f3(x)-7[x(1-x)]11 and y is the ordinate of the mean line at a given abscissa x. (2) the pitching-moment coefficient C d4. (changed from radians to degrees).083 0.

31. Pinkerton. No.C. .: Elements of the Wing Section Theory and of the Wing Theorv.A. T. Eastman N. T.A. 1932. 5. N. Eastman N.A.A.A.A. N. 1930. No.C. 1931.R. 6.C.. No. 1924. 7.CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TESTS IN VARIABLE-DENSITY WIND TUNNEL REFERENCES 1. Theodorsen. T. Jacobs.A..A.. N. 391. 530a-530d. 25.416.A.A. 1932 and no. 1931... 13.C.: Tests of N. N.C. T. No.C. George J. Ira H.: The Estimation of Profile Drag..N..: Effect of Nose Shape on the Characteristics of Symmetrical Airfoils.: The Prediction of Airfoil Characteristics. pp. and Anderson.A.C. 386. Airfoils in the Variable-Density Wind Tunnel.A. 1931. Thomas A. 14. 11..C. 312.A. Eastman N.: The Aerodynamic Characteristics of Eight Very Thick Airfoils from Tests in the VariableDensity Wind Tunnel. N.A.A.A.A.: Tests of N. 1930.N. Stack. 361.: LargeScale Aerodynamic Characteristics of Airfoils as Tested in the Variable-Density Wind Tunnel. Variable-Density Wind Tunnel. XXIV.A. T.C. 404. N.C.A. 401. 1931.C. Robert M. and Harris.Corrections for Airfoil Tests in Four Open Wind Tunnel Jets of Different Shapes. N. 383. Dryden. Jacobs.C.R.R. Knight.A. 55 9. T.C. Eastman N. no. Glauert. No. T..R. T.C. Andrews.C. and Abbott. Eastman N. H. pp. and Ward. Max M. N. R. 1931. 17.A.A. Eastman N. T. H. Robert M.R. T.N.A.A. Raymond F. T. 3.R.A. vol.A.: Effect of Turbulence in Wind Tunnel Measurements.C..A.N.A. Series 24.A. Munk. A... L. No. 1930.A.C. Theodore: On the Theory of Wing Sections with Particular Reference to the Lift Distribution. 1932. T. No. M. 710a-710c. Airfoils in the Variable-Density Wind Tunnel. Eastman N. and Pinkerton. 342. 15. Series 44 and 64.R.: Experimental Determination of Jet Boundary.N. N. W. No. Montgomery. 1931. N.C. 1931. No. N. No..A. Robert M..: Tests of Six Symmetrical Airfoils in the Variable-Density Wind Tunnel.A.: The Elements of Aerofoil and Aircrew Theory. 364. 191. 391. N.C. Jacobs. Cambridge University Press (London). 1929..: The N. No. Jacobs. and Pinkerton. Series 43 and 63. N. N.A. 16.R.. Jacobs. T. N.A.A. Jacobs. Airfoils in the Variable-Density Wind Tunnel. 12.: Tests of N. John: Tests in the Variable-Density Wind Tunnel to Investigate the Effects of Scale and Turbulence on Airfoil Characteristics. Series 45 and 65. No. 1926. Kenneth E. Eastman N. T.A. 385. 2.N. S. No. 10.C. No. 392.A. Flight.A. T. 1932.A. and Pinkerton.A. Jacobs....: Tests of N. 1931. and Kuethe. Jacobs. Robert M.N. Airfoils in the Variable-Density Wind Tunnel. No.. 352.. Higgins.. 4.

...2 -2 2i 9 !-f E i R t3 ^3 .-. . s -8 115 tgma -S -9 .....2 .----- -S -2 -S -S! -2 -2 -S -S I...... . .. 2 age 4 2:^ & 4 k v Ni i v 4 8 z 52 .... 2 -!2 -2-2........ -2 -e -2 4aa3^5tl 2 i^k^t-. Rns4 :-....^ tw N v v .....ri I rri I I I I I I rl I I I I rl I I I I I I I I I I I tngR sees eva 2 a 8 t aa ........... ....2 -S 2 iR iR v t S a v tg t... ttSS2 22 .... ii i2vi & N :.st al u a .... . 9 .. -9 ... H M999 as 2vM222 .. ?a r-. .8 v ^cl cp ........c... .2 ...... A HIR MI i E......r -....2 e 8 a! Sg !2 8.

.6 ------1 _..49 -------66 --- ------.1 0.3 .•11.3`0 :017 098 .------lf : 51 11-41 b1 : 63 ^1. 1 1..-----.27 -1.------.------. -N -1.------.0 26 ----------.------ .------..101 . 43---..------..096 . Bee curve for actual value.92 ----------.102 0.-----..-----. 1 1..._ _ ___. .67-----------.. ._.----.098 0. 06 1 1.. . _...------.87 1l.------. 44 -----------...---.------.8 -3.------27 -----------..4 -5. -4.------.------. ------ :168 1: 8 • 097 09 -1.0 22---.------.. .60 1 1.55 1.2() -------::::-: ------.104 H6 7 .1 -^I: 7 _ _ 66.---._..--.___-_ -20 -2..5 -3....-______.-4.0go 9 ' -1.-.--I 0..13 extended..------.03 -1._..04 21 -.2-.. 4. 0 -2.------..----------b.------..101 l04 .6 -3.------.01 11.7 25_ -____.----.. -----02 25 26 ____________ ------...4 (DEGREES) desiret on \ b ell desX ig-tion .----------.095 094 .4 -5.61 11.099 : OD6 .101 ..65 :.54 ------..----.6 ....__ • 1.7 -----.1 1....5 -1-7 2 6 7.101 . :1 .-_____ -------.----------.__________ ------. Th' d d__ - - 13 M A • 0.8 -----.0 0.096 .. 0.18 -6.101 0.------..2 -5.------10% : ..094 0. or des.------.----. 1.----. 4 .3 0 6.-------------.--0 47____________ ----.88 -7..104 ..0 0.------.------1: 1 :l • 1. 0 24..61 17 .102 OD9 .6.64 ^l. :11 ---- -----.8 -2.2.-. __________-1.38 .-----...: 9 -3.2 -6.--------23.------.095 46____________ .58 -5...___ -0.------..69 1171 1.2 ----1-7 -I 2 -5.------.02 ------.49 12 Z .4 . 3 4..089 112 57 TUNNEL TABLE IV. ae= dao (PER DEG.7 -3.-------:f03 :097 1 l 03 02 099 ON om.0 0.--- ig .) Thickness designa- \ b C b 06 gg 12 15 Is 21 25 0.------.------24 _____.23 -6...6 3 8 -3.7 -1.7 -1.------.29 2.. 46..53 x 1.7 -b.78 -9. 46 47 ____________ ------.4 43 -----------.59 1 1.84 .60 1 2 '1: 11.-I :::-..0.. -3._.-MAXIMUM LIFT COEFFICIENT.------2 4 12 15 18 25 12 Theor.-ANGLE OF ZERO LIFT.71 11 11 1 1.9 -1.. Additional tests to determine variation with camber.7 -1..53 - 62_ ___________ ------..-----.76 -6..3 14 -1: 6 -1..103 .------23 ..67 ..097 :10I : 101 101 OK 1.-".100 0..75 11: 11 <I.-l0..417 ----.47 1 ...--....103 . 59 -3.2 -5.1 .-----..-------------. Thickness 00 ___-__. -4.53 • 1.4.51 1 1.• 1. 099 .-8.--.43 -1.101 ------..------..------..------.. tgnntinn 00 .0 -0. 44 45 ..------.------I Based on straight portion of lift curve ..1 -3.-1 84 ----.3-._ 011 -___________ 22 --.------.8 -2---.----- ------... 11.---.--.0 -3....1: 43.60 °1.98 x 1.83 95 .2 40_ ___________ ------.------. peak.------1 : b4 11.103 ------. -2 08 -2. .03._. 3 6. 82 • 1. 9 -3.------.------- 1 42 ____________ 43 _______.::::: :::-:: :::::: :.40 -5. 1.-----.------. CL.-3.56 .48 1 1.69 62 A 4-.. .:::-:: 87_ ___________ ------.ettff indicates type of lift enrva.__ -1.101 0..-23:::::::::::: 42.------. 1 1..37 ::::::: 64 -: 1 41 85 11 65 ___.1.0 -20 -1.------.09 -5.-27____________ ------..36 25 ----------.-------I1 : M 160 1: 60 ..6 -5.7:lot -10....:::::: 26 TABLE III. .------.Laii 22 ___ _________ NOTE-I.• 1..04 -1.2...1 0. __________.0 .60 -3.. .------...------.------82.-----.• 1.-.CHARACTERISTIC S OF AIRFOIL SECTIONS FROM TEST$ IN VARIABLE -DENSITY WIND dC^ TABLE IL-SLOPE OF LIFT CURVE..-1.38 1 1.1 21 'm : 0..-1.. 1 3 ...: 102 : 183 ._---.:::..1 -6.101 1 101 02 00 00 : 'OO'D . .29 43 1 1: 6781 •1: 75 -1:89 167 -1.------.53 1 1..75 6 1..------.-------------27-----. _.61 ^•1.. -8.15 -4.-- . 66..-------. 4 --8...0 47 ____________ ------.

019 -.066 -. 22_ 23- 08 ..------..23 .. .-----------. 147DO.0090 ._-.---._.a .------42 -----.------. .0101 44.20 27____________ ------.------.0099 : 0100 ------. ------- ._ .36 93 ____________ .-----------.--------------.-----------. 169 2W :186 -.____-_0.---..0103 .158 -.-MINIMUM PROFILE-DRAG COEFFICIENT.__.050 -.-----------.002 -0.-___--_..057 -------. 002 0..23 20 ____________ ------.____ .----------.3 1. ----.1497 -.------. - A.308 272 : 250 .0 ._ -0.6 .--------------------.------.923 81 :117 "M so :' 816 Theoretical lift coefficient at "Ideal" ougle of attack.0103 .9 1.001 -0.-------- -iii __ __i6__ ­ iii­ _' iiF _ ____ 63 ..109 -:106 -:102 -.-------------.129 86_.___.0095 .047 -.------.3 26 ----------.0143 ^ 0083 00 -_-____.0081 : 00ag 0090 ..044 -.0912 of moment curve attended.-----------.544 512 :50 .083 -:078 .-.-----.0132 ..0119 . 26 ___________ :0073 0070 ..8 1.1 22 23:::::::::::: ------.0092 .------.---------.00 0.0 ..1594 .------.-----.--.------.---. .---- ------------- .0141 . 43 --__-____ ___ 161 140 123 96 ------- 44 ______-.073 -.------.002 -0.3 . 00 0. 27 ____________ ------.5 1.33 1 .------.____.------.-----. .3 5 L4 1.043 -----------____________ ---.------. Thickness 06 09 12 16 -0.0 .------.000 _.-----.__.----.-----.039 -:105 -.-----.______ 0.------.---...--..-.044 W -.------ .-----.________ 67 ----A -0...038 -----------01 6 ------------.0089 .-----------.___ 132 169 164 143 123 ------- 106 46 -----------.- : 1 to 34 27 22 16 30 40 _ -_________ ------.----.-----------. .038 3 159 .4 IT .-----.1109 _.------.6 .------. 094 -:082 ---.------3 -.-MOMENT COEFFICIENT AT ZERO LIFT.097 . 1^^ -------- .51A .------ .029 -. .0994 -.33 _gg 00 fgnation 00 _--_. 24 __.------ : 20 25-- 18 .0995 _ 0098 .2 ..00 0. .-----------------------.124 -. 21 :1 1.__. 0101 ..7 25 ..075 -. C.-----------.____.------.160 -. .256 667:::: ---6 I TABLE V 0 26 12 \^d I 0.------.------ .------.3 -1 46_ _____ _____ 47 ___ _ __ _____ 62 .------.-----.512 .0105 ._. 1 64_ ___________ ­ 7 .2 ..075 -.------.----.------.1825 -.-----.-----....-----------.53 .1342 -.---.8 ------------- ------.------..+nCL) TABLE VIII..-----.------..0127 ------ ..0126 •0087 .072 -.-----------.------..054 -. 62 ____________ -.5 1:::::::Il 2: of II.272 .----. - ::::: .6 --------------- 1.-OPTIMUM LIFT COEFFICIENT..------------------------------------.090 -----------29 as 29 -.3 :-8 :9 1.------..------- 63__ ------- . .7 .------..0 86___________ _ . See curve far actual value. 0037 .------.-----.-DISPLACEMENT OF CONSTANT MOMENT POSITION IN PERCENT CHORD AHEAD OF QUARTER-CHORD POINT (100 TIMES VALUES OF n FOR EQUATION Cm 04 = C.. :g- .0110 .0154 0092 .------.-----.. 0447 -.0112 .039 -.30 47 ---------_ ------.4 1.05 ------ .::.20 . 0.059 -.-----.------.0146 ------- 0100 0111 65: 0093 0127 .-----. Thk__ Td.9 -------.00 0 00 0 0D0.154 x-..086 -.__ ------..-----.7 0..--ii6 ___ ii 64 .-.110 . 160 179 159 Isla 114 7 --------- : ____----- - lag 171 65 . C._.-----. 64 ..002 21 18 25 12 Theor..4 . ...-.-------------------------------III ---. .------.1 .--____________ -----------.--.------- 23 24:.------.35 . ------- portion .0 :5 .-----.0104 185 172 184 164 138 115 84 184 22.000 - 0. 4> ____________ ------..: --.087 .______..20 42 ____________ ------.125 -.34 : 1 :36 : 33 : 22 : 16 : 10 _ _: -.0188 ------- 0003 .2 . 2 2 23 -----------. 00 . Cna_ Thickness _ des na 06 '1" i 9 12 15 18 21 ig 25 0 12 .--__ 0.------.------.------5-3 24_ ___________ . 076 -.----.------.------- 0099 .3 .----------------------.----' I: -----.------- 46 ____________ 47_ ___________ . 22 ----------- 0074 0. .0739 -.-.118 -.. :11 08 :03 .9 1.-----------110 il -:106 -:097 I -. 82 IN 170 150 127 104 ------- 46.--.------- 186 172 179 178 178 175 82..003 -----------.:::: 1.8 . 158 132 114 1` 97 I'a I. . :1If 0 ----.7 ..1257 -.0120 0.--.-----------.17 :: _ ::::::: :17 : 1171 15 24 .-----.------.0113 .0102 .0132 .-....____.------..-----.__-__. • designsber des- is gnatim Ig - _____.------.036 --...60 .-----------..- - j 4 45 j 21 10 - ------ ----66____ .---.034 -----------.132 -. ber des ignation 00_.-----.7 .6 .----------.0120 .7 1. 10 1.0134 ------- ...-----.048 ­ 062 -. design s an th"' Cam- ThickThickness Coca ion 00 09 12 IS 15 21 25 12 go \d^ bar am i if..-RATIO OF MAXIMUM LIFT COEFFICIENT TO MINIMUM PROFILE-DRAG COEFFICIENT.------._ ----.00 ___________ -. is 18 bar C des.0370 .----------------------..0 1.__.____.------.------.7 .------. TABLE VI. .___.00 Q.-- 2a ------------ 142 182 24 _____.0092 .---28_ ___________ 27 ____________ 41 ___________ _ 43 . ------- . ON -0.036 ------------.0089 ..0108 .5 1..____ 44 -----------46 _-..12 .-----------.-----.------.7 .---.---....16 .-----------.0073 : 0083 0080 .008 -.55 63 63 40 M 24 13 47 6460 : :4 66 42 _^:: 33 ^15 ---.: --.139 -..----.------3 -.------..9 1..251 ._._ 65_ ______ __.------- 49 .II0 -.___ 144 189 177 156 128 106 ------- 26 180 _ _ -14 __ 170 148 132 109 ------- 20 ___ _ ________ ---- ----..30 .---.Thickness d gs gg ig S. TABLE IX.-------.616 .--..-------------._-______ 25 -.0 66__ ___ __ _ 67:-:. 184 181 100 184 187 187 42 ____________ ------.-----------.---------.------.-_______ .7 1.---.------.0112 .-----.0093 0.---43_ ____ _______ 44_____ _______ 46 :: -------- 1.------.------..0096 .------.------.0104 of. IS .0076 .1062 -..0 1._ : 62_ ___________ ------. _ __ _....------.-.0125 ------.----.-------. 087 -..8 1.------ .071 ---.ed 0.-----.0086 .143 -.0107 .0093 0.0101 .------..58 REPORT NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS TABLID V..0130 0144 ------- 64 :01 :1 :1 :0120 .-----------.__.__.-----------.-----.------27 ----..0531 om 0749 -.-----.-.010 -.. Ignation.---. CL. __ 46-____._ ----.-----.0095 26 00" 27___ _________ 42 _ ___________ 0090 ------.-------.206 2737 __ ---------- Based on straight 0 -0.-------.__ .037 -.4 ..--.0108 0... .-----._ _ ---..---------------.087 -.42 . 7 0.------------.__-___ 46 ____________ 47 ____________ 62 __ _ _________ 63__ _ __ .------..

x d t=i x O C/) ^d CL o ^z H w [ o ^ w m o D 0 y Q PV cn CD o .^ ^o^ p ^ Z d > vn H 00 Cyi7 O r A "^ .z a.^„^ 2 ^' "^^^rt' .

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