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Submitted As A Requirement For The Partial Fulfillment Of Degree Of Bachelor Of Technology [Electronics And Communication] Of
Rajasthan Technical University, Kota
SANJAY GURJAR (Asst.Professor) [Electronics And Communication]
NEEL DESAI (09EATEC201) VIII Sem [A.I.T.]
[Electronics And Communication] (Session- 20011-2012
Abstract Introduction Camouflage (A)Natural Camouflage
(B)Milit Ary Camouflage 3. 4. Theory Of Camouflage Optical Camouflage (A)Description And Characteristics 5. 6. 7. How It Works? Cloak And Its Secret Inherent With Physical Cloaking An Problems Object
(A)Parallax 8. 9. 10. Retro Reflective Projection. Advantages Technical Advantages.
Other Applications. 11(A) case
Abstract:This Paper Describes A Kind Of Active Camouflage System Named Optical Camouflage. Initially Camouflage Is Made Understood And Then The Theory Of Optical Camouflage Is Developed. Optical Camouflage Uses The Retro-Reflective Projection Technology, A Projection Based Augmented–Reality System, Composed Of A Projector With A Small Iris And A Retro-Reflective Screen. The Concept Of Optical Camouflage Is Straight Forward To Create The Illusion Of Invisibility By Covering An Object With Something That Projects The Scene Directly Behind That Object. This System Was Conceived With The Primary View In Mind Of Concealing Stationary Or Moving Objects Such As Men, Vehicles, Or Aircraft From View And Has Practical Military, Law Enforcement, And Security Applications.
Various Methods Have Been Proposed To Integrate The Visual Space. In The Field Of Mixed Reality, One Of The Most Popular Topics Is About Displaying A Virtual Object Into Real World However Making Objects Virtually Transparent, Like In H.G. Wells‘ ―Invisible Man‖ Can Also Be Seen As Dream Of Human Being. In This Paper, We Describe What Could Be Called A Camouflage Technique Named Optical Camouflage. Invisibility has been on humanity's wish list at least since Amon-Ra, a deity who could disappear and reappear at will, joined the Egyptian pantheon in 2008 BC. With recent advances in optics and computing and with the advent of flexible
electronics such as a flexible liquid crystal display, that would allow the background image to be displayed on the material itself, however, this elusive goal is no longer purely imaginary. In 2003, three professors at University of Tokyo â€• Susumu Tachi, Masahiko Inami and Naoki Kawakami â€• created a prototypical camouflage system in which a video camera takes a shot of the background and displays it on the cloth using an external projector. They can even reflect images when the material is wrinkled. The same year Time magazine named it the coolest invention of 2003. It is an interesting application of optical camouflage and is called the Invisibility Cloak.
Through the clever application of some dirt-cheap technology, the Japanese inventor has brought personal invisibility a step closer to reality. Their prototype uses an external camera placed behind the cloaked object to record a scene, which it then transmits to a computer for image processing. The key development of the cloak, however, was the development of a new material called retro- reflectum. Professor Tachi says that this material allows you to see a three-dimensional
image. The computer feeds the image into an external projector which projects the image onto a person wearing a special retro reflective coat. This can lead to different results depending on the quality of the camera, the projector, and the coat, but by the late nineties, convincing illusions were created. That was only one invention created in this field and researches are still being carried out in order to implement it using nanotechnology.
2-Camouflage:Camouflage Is The Method Which Allows An Otherwise Visible Organism Or Object To Remain Indiscernible From The Surrounding Environment. Examples Include A Tiger's Stripes And The Battledress Of A Modern Soldier. Camouflage Is A Form Of Deception. The Word Camouflage Comes From The French Word 'Camoufler' Meaning 'To Disguise'. 2(A)-Natural Camouflage:In Nature, There Is A Strong Evolutionary Pressure For Animals To Blend Into Their Environment Or Conceal Their Shape; For Prey Animals To Avoid Predators And For Predators To Be Able To Sneak Up On Prey. Natural Camouflage Is One Method That Animals Use To Meet These Aims.
(Anolis Caroliensis Showing Blending Camouflage And Counter Shading.) 2(B)-Military Camouflage: These Were Intended To Daunt The Enemy, Attract Recruits, Foster Unit Cohesion, Allow Easier Identification Of Units In The Fog Of War.The British In India In 1857 Were Forced By Casualties To Dye Their Red Tunics To Neutral Tones, Initially A Muddy Tan Called Khaki.
The United States Was Quick To Follow The British, Going Khaki In The Same Year.Later In 20thcentury , Digital Camouflage Patterns Have Been Exprerimented On Helicopters, Battledresses &Other Vehicles. It Is Termed "Digital" Because Much Of The Design Was Done On A Computer And Unlike Other Camouflage Patterns, It Is Blocky And Appears Almost Pixelated.
3-Theory Of Camouflage:
Mackay's Statement Above Remains One Of The Most Important Elements In The Theory Of Camouflage — An Exact Match With The Environment's Colours Is Less Crucial Than The Patterning Of The Regions Of Colour Themselves. Ideally, Camouflage Should Be Made To Break Up And Thereby Conceal The Structural Lines Of The Object Which It Hides. Thus, The Patterns Often Seen On Camouflage Clothing, Masking Cloth And Vehicle Paints Are Carefully Constructed To Deceive The Human Eye By Breaking Up The Boundaries That Define Sharp Edges And Human Silhouettes. This Is Called High Difference Or Disruptive Camouflage. This Mix Of Blending And Disruptive Patterns Is Called Coincident Disruption - The Aim Of Modern Military Camouflage. The Opposite Of Camouflage Is Making A Person Or Object More Visible And Easier Torecognize,For Example With Retroreflectors And High-Visibility Clothing..
4-What Is Optical Camouflage?
Optical Camouflage Is A Kind Of Active Camouflage. This Idea Is Very Simple. If You Project Background Image Onto The Masked Object, You Can Observe The Masked Object Just As If It Were Virtually Transparent. Although Optical Is A Term That Technically Refers To All Forms Of Light, Most Proposed Forms Of Optical Camouflage Would Only Provide Invisibility In The Visible Portion Of The Spectrum. The Most Intriguing Prototype Uses An External Camera Placed Behind The Cloaked Object To Record A Scene, Which It Then Transmits To A Computer For Image Processing. The Computer Feeds The Image Into An External Projector Which Projects The Image Onto A Person Wearing A Special Retroreflective Coat. This Can Lead To Different Results Depending On The Quality Of The Camera, The Projector, And The Coat, But By The Late Nineties, Convincing Illusions Were Created. The Downside Is The Large Amount Of External Hardware Required, Along With The Fact That The Illusion Is Only Convincing When Viewed From A Certain Angle. Creating Complete Optical Camouflage Across The Visible Light Spectrum Would Require A Coating Or Suit Covered In Tiny Cameras And Projectors, Programmed To Gather Visual Data From A Multitude Of Different Angles And Project The Gathered Images Outwards In An Equally Large Number Of Different Directions To Give The Illusion Of Invisibility From All Angles. For A Surface Subject To Bending Like A Flexible Suit, A Massive Amount Of Computing Power And Embedded Sensors Would Be Necessary To Continuously Project The Correct Images In All Directions. This Would Almost Certainly Require Sophisticated Nanotechnology, As Our Computers, Projectors, And Cameras Are Not Yet Miniaturized Enough To Meet These Conditions.
Although The Suit Described Above Would Provide A Convincing Illusion To The Naked Eye Of A Human Observer, More Sophisticated Machinery Would Be Necessary To Create Perfect Illusions In Other Electromagnetic Bands, Such As The Infrared Band. Sophisticated Target-Tracking Software Could Ensure That The Majority Of Computing Power Is Focused On Projecting False Images In Those Directions Where Observers Are Most Likely To Be Present, Creating The Most Realistic Illusion Possible.
This Shows The Principle Of The Optical Camouflage Using x‘tal Vision. You Can Select Camouflaged Object To Cover With Retroreflector. Moreover, To Project A Stereoscopic Image, The Observer Looks At The Masking Object More Transparent.
In The Above Shown Figure,This Transparent Cloak Makes You See As If The Cloak Is Transparent By Projecting The Shooting Image Behind The Person Onto The Cloak I.E It Looks Like Three Men Walking Behind Are Seen Through The Body Of The Person. So, Actually, The Cloak Is Not Really Transparent.
4(A).Description & Characteristics
Optical Camouflage Uses A Holographic Projection System That Creates An Illusionary Image Of Its Surroundings To Avoid Visual Detection, A Form Of Invisibility. The Camouflage Isn't A True Invisibility Cloak, Rather, An Advanced Grid Projection System To Blend In Its Surroundings Like A Chameleon. The System Was Developed By Celestial Being And Was Installed Into Several Of Their Gundams, Ships, Resource Satellites For Infiltration And Stealth Purposes; However, The Abilities Of The Camouflage Differ Between Applications. When Performing Missions That Need A Gundam To Be Hidden, The Optical Camouflage Blends The Unit Into Its Surroundings, However, The Camouflage Isn't Perfect. The Camouflage Isn't An Active Cloaking Field; It's Only Applicable When The Unit Is Completely Stationary. Should The Unit Move During Cloak, The Optical Camouflage Would Unveil The Unit To The Naked Eye, However, It May Still Avoid Sensor Dectection. The Optical Camouflage Is Also Capable Of Expanding Its Camouflage Field. It's Able To Cloak Another Gundam Inches Away From Its Position, But It's Unclear If It Is Capable Of Cloaking A NonGundam MS And/Or Foreign Object Within Its Domain.
When It Comes To CB's Ships, The System Is Only Meant To Avoid Visual Detection From Visual Sensors And Observation Satellites At Far Distances; Not From Close Range. Upon Close Range Observation, The Camouflage Is Obvious To The Naked Eye As The Holographic Grid Creates Overlapping Image Folds At The Edge Of The Camouflage. Even If A Ship Is Completely Stationary For
Absolute Invisbility, It Is Still Able To Reveal Itself Should Any Particle Weapons Fire Through The Cloak. For Resource Satellites, Lessons Learned Between AD 2307-2312 Convinced CB Engineers To Create A Massive Camouflage System To Cloak Large Pockets Of Space. To Prevent Visual Detection, The Entire Satellite Is Cloaked And Its Field Is Expanded By Unmeasured Distances. Because The Satellite Is Stationary, There Are No Over-Lapping After-Images. However, Ships And Floating Debris Moving In And Out Of The Field Can Temporarily Reveal The Edge Of The Camouflage Field. Overall, Its Technology Played A Crucial Role In Protecting The Secrecy Of CB And Affected MS Warfare For Generations.
5-How Does It Work?
First, Putting The Video Camera Behind The Person In The Cloak, And Capturing His Background. Then, Projecting The Captured Image Onto The Cloak From The Projector. So, If You See From The Peephole, You Will See As If The Cloak Is Transparent. Because The Image Is Projected By The Technology Called RetroReflective Projection Technology (RPT), You Can See The Reflection Only On The Cloak And Clearly Even In Brightnes
6-Cloak‘s Secret !
This Cloaking System Is Designed To Conceal An Object From View By Placing A Thin Video Screen Between The Observer And The Object Being Concealed And At The Same Time Presenting A
Full Color Image Of The Background On The Screen For View By The Observer, Thus Creating The Illusion That The Object Is Not There.
The Special Material Is Used As Screen For RPT. That‘s Different From The Screen In The Cinemas. This Material Is Called ‗Retro-Reflective Material‘, And Also Used For The Cloak. The Surface Of Retro-Reflective Material Is Covered With Very Small Beads. If The Light Strikes The Material, The Light Reflects Only In The Same Direction As It Has Come. So, The Image Is Reflected Clearly
Even In Brightness.Optical Camouflage Requires The Viewer To Be In Position
With A Sensor. The Illusion Is Broken If You Are A Few Meters Off The Mark, So This Isn't Exactly Ready For Military Use. This Can Be Used For Two Purposes. The First Of Which Being Showing A Representation Of Something Behind An Object, On Top Of Said Object. The Second Is To Actually Change What You're Looking At. This Is Accomplished With A Reflective Coating Applied To The Objects To Receive The Camouflage. Mirrors Work Even Better. The Selected Background Is Filmed, And Then Projected Back Onto The Source Exactly. This Is Nearly Unnoticeable Until A Highly Reflective Surface Passes By. You Then See Only A Little More Than A Shimmering Outline. In Fact, We Can Find A Lot Of Things Using Retro-Reflective Material Around You. Traffic Signs, Bicycle‘s Reflector And The Lighting Part Of The Raincoat Are Made From Retro Reflective
Material. As Like The Transparent Cloak, It Can Be Seen From Far Away Because They Shine Brightly By Little Light Of The Cars .
7-Inherent Physical Problems With Cloaking An Object :• Parametrical Design Considerations • Resolution Factors Parallax, View Angle And Range Dependency, Tilt Angle, And
Perspective • Reflections And Glint • Parameters Were Treated In Depth By Schowengerdt And Schweizer In 1993 8 - Parallax Is Most Critical And Is Summarized Below And On Next Page Angular Resolution, A, Is Basically A Function Of The Wavelength, , And The Diameter, D, Of The Observer‘s Aperture (A = /D )
• • •
= 500 Nm For The Effective Central Wavelength Of Visible Light For Human Eye, A = 1 Minute Of Arc = 0.0003 Radian For 10 Inch (25 Cm) Diameter Telescope, A = 0.000002 Radian
• Minimum Range Of An Object Necessary To Escape Detection Is A Function Of The Observer‘s Resolution, Distance Of The Object From The Observer, The Distance Of The Object From The Background, And Lateral Necessary To Detect The Target. Motion Of The Observer
7(A)-Parallax Problem:Using The Trigonometric Relationships Below One May Solve For Various Factors. For Example, If An Observer With Naked Eye Moves His Head
Laterally By Only 1 Foot, He Will Be Unable To Distinguish A Camouflaged Object From A Background 10 Feet Behind It, Provided That The Concealed Object Is At A Range Of More Than 180 Feet From The Observer. If The Background Object Is 20 Feet Behind The Object, Then The Range From The
Concealed Object To The Observer Must Be At Least 250 Feet. If The Observer Has A Ten-Inch Telescope, Then The Minimum Ranges Become 2,200 And 3,200 Feet Respectively
D Β C
X = Minimum Lateral Motion Of Observer Necessary To Detect Target R = Distance Or Range From Observer To Target D = Distance From Target To Background Plane T = Position Of Target (Concealed Object) B = Location Of Object In Background Plane Behind Target When Observer Is At Origin (O) O = Original Position Of Observer Before Moving To X
Technology(RPT):Now That We ‗Ve Seen How Does Optical Camouflage Works Using RPT & x‘stal Vision Let Us Illustrate RPT. When Using A See-Through Head-Mounted Display (STHMD) To Merge Virtual And Real Environments, The Operator May See The Image Of A Virtual Object That Is Meant To Be Located Behind A Real Object. This Contradicts Our Intuition Of Depth, Since The Projected Image Of An Object Located Behind Another Object In One's Field Of View Will Be Obstructed
At Least Partially. This Depth Cue Is Called Occlusion, And Is Critical For The Effectiveness Of The Presentation Of Virtual Objects In Three Dimensions. To Solve The Occlusion Contradiction Problem, We Developed RPT. The Three Key Techniques Of RPT Are The Followings: 1-To Use An Object Covered By Retro-Reflective Material As A Screen; 2-To Place A Projector Into A Position Optically Conjugated With The Observer's Eye By Using A Half-Mirror; 3-To Make The Projector's Iris As Small As Possible (By Using A Pinhole). Each Of These Points Provides The Following Advantages, Respectively: Fig.5 Fig.6
Fig.5 And Fig.6 Shows The Principles Of RPT. The Image Of A Virtual Object Is Projected Through A Pinhole. The Projected Image Is Reflected By The HalfMirror On A Right Angle And Then Retro-Reflected By The Retro-Reflective Screen.
Optical Camouflaged Haptic Display Fig 7 Shows The Haptic Display (Real Object) Hiding The Virtual Object, But Optical Camouflage Techniques Permit To Make The Haptic Display To Become Transparent. However The Operator‘s Hand Is Not Made Transparent, Which Implies That It Is Possible To Use This Technology.
9-Applications :1-Used In Stealth Technology,To Make Airplane Invisible To Radar 2-Utilization Of This Technology Also Has Three Important Secondary Energy Saving Byproducts(A) As A Security Instrument It Can Protect National Strategic Resources From Theft And Sabotage By Concealing Both The Resource And A Much Reduced Security Force From View By Either Presenting The Natural Background On The Screen Or By Presenting An Artificial Image Of The Resource On The Screen. (B) Its Variable Reflective Capability Could Assist In Heating Or Cooling The Facility, Thus Realizing Considerable Energy Savings; And (C) Environmental Enhancement Of Industrial Facilities Using Chameleo Screens In Lieu Of Artificial Buildings/Landscaping And Enhancement Of Working Spaces Allowing Artificial Scenes On The Wall And/Or Outside Views Without The Need For Windows.
10-Technical Advantages - The Need For The Camouflage Aspect Of This
System Arises Out Of The Present State Of The Art Of Military Camouflage In The Visible Light Spectrum Which Is Generally Limited To Techniques Involving Painting, Coloring, And/Or Contour Shaping To Allow An Object To Better Blend In With The Background; Such Methods Do Little To Conceal Moving Objects As Their Appearance Must Be Constantly Controlled From The Viewpoint Of The Observer To Blend In With The Changing Background.
11-Others1. For Example, If This Technique Is Used In Cockpit For Making The Floor Transparent At Landing, The Pilot Can Land Safely With Seeingrunway. Also, Used For Other Vehicles Like Car. If You Can See Through The Back Of Car, You Will Put The Car Into The Garage Successfully.This Technique Was Invented From The Study That Skillfully Mixing The Real World And The World Made Artificially, And Trying To Let Your Life And Work Convenient.
Company Claims Optical Camouflage Could Have Protected Israeli Warfighters.Published By David Crane In Future Infantry/Soldier On November 20th, 2006
Optical Cloaking Technology For Urban Warfare And Counterinsurgency Operations According To Dr. R. A. Zeineh (A.K.A. "Dr. Z"), His Company‘s (Advanced American Enterprises) IR-Stealth 4.B Combination Thermal/IR (Infrared)/Night Vision (NV) Stealth System Could Have Protected Israeli Infantry Warfighters From Hezbollah Guerrilla Fighters In Lebanon. One Of The Recent New Documents We‘ve Received From AAE Discusses How The Hizbollah Guerrillas Used Night Vision (NV) Equipment To Kill Two Israeli Commandos (Out Of A 4Man Team) Near Baalback, Lebanon. In Other Words, The Israelis Didn‘t "Own The Night", And It Got Some Of Them Killed. Dr. Z Claims That AAE‘s Technology Could Have Changed The Outcome Of That Unfortunate Scenario. AAE Claims To Be Able To Provide A "Head-ToToe Pocket-Size IR-Stealth Enforced Cloth Coverall Less Than .3 Kg Protects The
Night Fighter And His Armor From Detection And From IR Targeting." Put Another Way, AAE IR-Stealth 4.B Tech Weighing Approx. 250 Grams Can Be Integrated With A Military Coverall Or BDU To "Cloak" An Infantry Warfighter So That He Effectively Becomes Invisible To Enemy Thermal/IR (Infrared) And NV (Night Vision) Viewers And Targeting Devices. AAE Claims That The IRStealth 4.B-Equipped BDU/Coverall Will Not Hinder/Interfere With The Warfighter‘s Ability To Fight. The Warfighter Will Still Be Able To Breathe, See, Hear, Run, Drive, Shoot, Speak/Shout, Climb, Or Carry An Injured Teammate–Or Perform Any Other Battle-Relevant Behavior, For That Matter. According To AAE, Current Military Bdus/Uniforms Can Be… Easily Upgraded To Become Thermal/IR/NV Stealthy. Any All Main Battle Tanks (Mbts), Apcs And Ifvs (Infantry Personnel Carriers And Infantry Fighting Vehicles), Hmmwvs (Humvees), And Helicopters Can Also Be Upgraded With The AAE IR-Stealth Tech To Protect Them From Heat-Seaking Missiles. AAE Has A Separate Optical Camouflage (A.K.A. Electro-Optical Camouflage, A.Ka. Adaptive Camouflage A.K.A. Active Camouflage A.K.A. Chameleonic Camouflage A.K.A. Visible-Light-Spectrum Cloaking Technology) Called Visibility Stealth 1.B That Can Be Applied To Both Ground Vehicles, Including Mbts, Apcs/Ifvs, Hmmwvs, Ugvs (Unmanned Ground Vehicles) A.K.A. Ground Robots, And Infantry Warfighter Uniforms That Can Reduce Their Visibility By 85-100%, Again Without Impeding Functionality (Ability To Fight) In Any Way. It‘s Defense Review‘s Understanding At Present That IR-Stealth 4.B And Visibility Stealth 1.B Can Be Combined/Integrated To Work Together To Cloak Vehicles And Warfighters In All Three Light Spectrums (Visible, Thermal/Infrared, And Night Vision A.K.A. Near-Infrared), But We Havent‘ Confirmed This Yet.
In Any Case Either Type Of Cloaking/Adaptive Camouflage Technology, By Itself, Could Prove Valuable In Preventing Casualties From Future HezbollahType Ambush Attacks That Utilize The Tactic Of Firing Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (Atgms) At Vehicles And Dismounted Infantry. In The Confrontation In Lebanon, Hizbollah Guerrillas Reportedly Fired Atgms Not Only At Vehicles, But Also At Dismounted Infantry. They Also Reportedly Fired Multiple Atgms Simultaneously At A Single Target In Certain Instances. If The AAE Stealth Tech Can Protect U.S. And Ally Warfighters From Small Arms And Light Weapons (Including ATGM) Ambushes And IED (Improvised Explosive Device) Attacks, It‘s Definitely Worth Employing It. Time And Testing Will Tell. Case 11(B): GEMI is experimenting with the same type of optical camouflage technology on its Digital Mobile Advertising (DMA) Vehicles. The theory is simple. Relay an image on the opposite side of the camera to mimic the environment, thereby creating the illusion of invisibility. However, that‘s where simple seems to end. It becomes a bit more complicated when you have to account for different viewing angles. As it stands, if you were to move around an object that is using this optical camouflage technology, it would have to meet one of the following two criteria: 1) There would have to be a camera that was exactly parallel to you; or 2) There would have to be a variable camera that knew where you were and would then project an image relative to your position.
While most might consider such complications to be an inherent limitation of current optical camouflage technology and quit there and then, the GEMI engineering team seeks to explore and advance optical camouflage technology
through research and development They believe that the solution to complex problems is always simple.
Optical camouflage technology could be used for military applications including modern warfare, and for marketing campaigns featuring Digital Mobile Advertising (DMA).
2.The Idea Appears In Many Fictional Works, Such As The William Gibson Novel Neuromancer, Where It Is Referred To As A "Polychromatic Suit," But Achieved Recognition In The Successful James Bond Movie. Die Another Day.The Car Of James Bond, Aston Martin Vanquish V-12 Is
Equipped With All The Usual Refinements Including Front-Firing Rockets, Hood Mounted Guns, And Passenger Ejector Seat In Homage To The Original Aston Martin DB5 Driven By Bond In Goldfinger. The Car Was Also Equipped With An Adaptive Camouflage Device, That Allowed It To Become Invisible To The Naked Eye At The Push Of A Button (Although It Could Still Be Detected In Infrared.) Similar Camouflage Is Also Used By The Creatures In The Predator Movies, Though In That Case Light Is Bent Around The Camouflage. 3-Optical Camouflage Can Be Used On Surgical Globes Or Equipments So They Don‘t Block Surgeon‘s View During Delicate Operations.
12-Conclusion :Creating A Truly Realistic Optical Illusion Would Likely Require Phase Array Optics, Which Would Project Light Of A Specific Amplitude And Phase And Therefore Provide Even Greater Levels Of Invisibility. The Weak Point Of This Technique Is That The Observer Needs To Look Through A Half-Mirror. The Current System Needs A Half-Mirror And Projectors, Which Were Fixed On The Ground. We May End Up Finding Optical Camouflage To Be Most Useful In The Environment Of Space, Where Any Given Background Is Generally Less Complex Than Earthly Backdrops And Therefore Easier To Record, Process, And Project. The Dream Of Invisibility In The Visual Light Spectrum Can Finally Become A Reality Through The Usage Of Advanced Sensor/Display Modules, Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays, Plasma Displays, And Development Of Nonspecular Shields To Reduce Glint Immediate No Risk Applications At Reasonable Costs Exist For Cloaking Systems For Environmental Enhancement Such As ―Dressing Up‖ Inspirational And Unattractive Industrial Facilities, Introducing Stimulating Office Scenery On Walls, And
Energy Savings Through Security Force Reduction And Emission Control. Medium To High Risk Development Of Electro-Optical Camouflage Is Feasible At Moderate Costs In The Near-Term (2010-2020) As A Means Of Sufficiently Cloaking Many Stationary And Some
Moving Platforms Such As The Covert Balloon Transport.
Cloaking Systems Will Have Operating Limits Set By The Anticipated Resolution Of The Observer, Distance From Observer, Distance Of The Object To Background, Lighting Conditions, And
Required Dynamic Range. Operating Limits Can Be Optimized By Increased
Sophistication In Risk Management And Design. Also, Artificial Scenes Or Dazzle Patterns May Be Used When Depiction Of The Actual Background Poses Special Problems And Digital Algorithms May Be Employed To Sense Such Difficulties And Activate Appropriate Scenes Or Patterns. In The Far-Term (2020-2040), High Risk, High Cost, Development Of Electro-Optical Cloaking Systems Will Enable The Successful Accomplishment Of Law Enforcement And Military Missions That Require Penetration Of Vehicles Or Equipment Into Dangerous Areas.
Real life application
This technology is basically used for invisibility purpose. • Such technology is useful in defence for hiding from the enemies. • Use for other vehicals like car.if you can see through the back of car,you will put the car into the garage successfully.
• The stealth sort of this application planes that they absorb all the radar waves coming to it and as a result of which the radar stations cannot detect it.so it can attack any time bcaus it is hidden this is dangerous also.
Optical Camouflage can be used on surgical globes or equipments so they don‘t block surgeon‘s view during delicate operations. In aviation, cockpit floors could become 'invisible' to assist pilots during landing.
The weak point of this technique is that the observer needs to look through a half-mirror. The current system needs a half mirror and projectors, which were fixed on the ground.
1. Viewzone.Com Internet Magazine October 1998, The Philadelphia Experiment. 2. Cloaking System Using Optoelectronically Controlled Camouflage, U.S. Patent No. 5,307,162 Dated 26 April 1994 By Richard N. Schowengerdt 3. “Project Chameleo - Cloaking Using Electro-Optical Camouflage,” By Richard N. Schowengerdt And Felix Schweizer, Association Of Old Crows Fiestacrow Symposium, San Antonio, April 1993. 4. “Physical Aspects Of Electro-Optical Camouflage,” By Richard N. Schowengerdt And Lev I. Berger, American Physical Society Centennial, Atlanta, March 1999. 5. “Adaptive Camouflage,” By Philip Moynihan Of Caltech & Maurice Langevin Of Tracer Round Associates, Ltd., For NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 6. “Invisible Man, Japanese Scientist Invents Invisibility Coat,” BBC World News Edition,18 February 2003. 7. Future Warrior 2025 Info Paper, Mar 2001, Page 6. 8. Schowengerdt & Schweizer, Pages 53-57. 9. Ibid, Page 54. 9.Optical Camouflage/WIKIPEDIA
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