DESIGN, FABRICATION AND TESTING OF A HIGH CAPACITY TENSION TESTING FRAME

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Travis Farr December 1999

DESIGN, FABRICATION AND TESTING OF A HIGH CAPACITY TENSION TESTING FRAME

A PROJECT PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE MASTER OF SCIENCE

TRAVIS FARR 10 DECEMBER 1999

This project, by Travis Farr, is accepted in its present form by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of Brigham Young University as satisfying the project requirement for the degree Master of Science.

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Fernando S.~

Richard J. Balling, Committee

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{Kyle M. Rollins, Committee Member

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TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES INTRODUCTION 2 3 MOTIY ATION FRAME DESIGN 3.1 Column Evaluation 3.2 Beam Evaluation 3.3 Connection Plate. . 3.4 Hydraulic Rams 4 5 FABRICATION TESTING .. ,
IV

V

1 2 3 ........................................... 3 6 13 , 15 19 20 21 22 35 39

REFERENCES APPENDIX A-Frame Fabrication Sketches APPENDIX B- Test Specimen Fabrication Sketches APPENDIX C-Beam Mill Certification

111

. .. . . .. . . . . . . .. . 15 16 18 20 IV . . .LIST OF TABLES Table 1 2 3 4 5 6 Column Section Properties Beam and Doubler Plate Properties Connection Plate and Strong Back Characteristics Hydraulic Ram Specifications. . Frame Capacity Summary Test Specimen Characteristics . Description Page 4 8 . . . . . .

. . . . . . 5 Beams at Both Ends of the Frame End View of Beam Showing Doubler Plate and Web Stiffeners Front View of Beam Connection Plate with Strong Backs Beam-to-Ram Connection Ram Piston-to-Column Connection Overall Frame View Frame Components Beam Cut Sheet Connection Plate Spacer Plate Column Cap Plate Web Stiffeners Strong Back Column-to-Column Cap Attachment Beam Flange-Column and Connection Plate Attachment Beam Flange-Hydraulic Ram and Connection Plate Attachment v . . . .LIST OF FIGURES Figure Triangular-shaped Column 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A-I A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 A-6 A-7 A-8 A-9 A-IO A-II Pipe Columns with Intermediate Bracing Description Page 3 4 End View of Columns and Bracing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7 13 14 16 17 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 . . . . . . . . . . . .

A-12 B-1 B-2 B-3 C-1 Doubler Plate. . . . . . . . . 34 36 37 38 39 Overall Frame View with Test Specimen Length L4 x 4 x l/:z Connection Detail L6 x 6 x 1 Connection Detail Mill Test Report for the W36 x 150 Beam VI . ..

1 INTRODUCTION Recently.200 kips. This report describes this project and provides sound reference for the capacity of the frame for future use. the college has only had a tension frame with a 100 kip capacity. Although the frame was specifically designed for testing the tension chords of steel joists. fabrication and testing of a tension frame with capacity of 2.000 kips. it may be utilized for a myriad of other applications. the need arose for a tension frame with a capacity higher than 1. procurement. 1 . Any tests requiring higher capacity have required the use of an outside testing agency. This project encompasses the design. In the past.

Because of these contributors. three companies were especially helpful and willing: Adams and Smith. Since purchasing a frame far exceeded the available funds of the department.2 MOTIVATION The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering received requests to carry out load tests requiring a frame with tensile capacities in excess of 1. (A&S). 2 . and Page Industrial Supply. Utah. it was decided to attempt building a frame. the department did not have to consider option three and deny the testing requests. Inc. 2) build a frame. Salt Lake City. or 3) deny the testing requests.. The contributions of these businesses and especially the personal contributions of several employees of A&S are greatly appreciated. and successfully tested. Thus. Inc. Utah. The frame was designed. Mountain States Steel.200 kips. the cooperation and donations of many local businesses were sought. there were three options: 1) purchase a frame. Although most of the requests were denied.(MSS). Lindon. Utah. Inc. At this point. This option still required costs that exceeded department availability. Lindon. fabricated.

2) will be utilized in evaluating this steel frame. connection between the hydraulic rams and the beam and finally. The evaluation will begin with the columns and proceed through the beams. connection plate.. 1) and The Procedure Handbook of Arc Welding (Ref. hydraulic rams. the connection between the hydraulic rams and the columns. 3. 3 . The Manual of Steel Construction .3 FRAME DESIGN This section will present an evaluation of the strength of the frame in its [mal configuration instead of going through the iterative design process.1 Column Evaluation The frame consists of two identical columns. Figure 1 shows how three thick- Figure 1 Triangular-shaped column. connection between the plate and beam.Allowable Stress Design (ASD) (Ref.

Fy = 36 ksi Triangular Column Section Properties . Single Pipe Properties Outside Diameter. Figures 2 and 3 show how the columns are loaded axially and braced at the 1/3 4 . Table 1Column section properties. 5/16 X 4" stitch welds at 24" O.11 in2 Moment ofInertia.82 in" Radius of Gyration.34 ill I. ID = 6 9/16" Area of Steel. attach the three pipe together to form a single section.08 in Figure 2 Pipe columns with intermediate bracing. As = 14. r = 2.55 in Steel Yield Strength.2 As = 42. OD = 7 13/16" Inside Diameter.walled steel pipe were welded together in a triangular formation to form each column. 1= 91. = Iy = 706.07 in" r. = ry = 4.c. The properties of the individual pipe and column sections are shown in Table 1.

is 9 feet.1 5 . With this set-up. including the hydraulic ram length.0).08 =20. the critical unbraced length of the column. 1): Kl 1. This insures that the columns are loaded precisely on their neutral axis avoiding any eccentricity in the column loading. points.0(9)(12) r 4. At one end.569 = 21(2(29. the column ends are assumed to have pinned-pinned connections (k = 1. The column capacity is calculated following the design provisions of Chapter E inASD (Ref.Figure 3 End view of columns and bracing.000) 36 = 126. the column base plates are bolted to the bottom flange of the beam and at the other end the ram of the jack fits into guides formed by angle iron. Furthermore.

the axial capacity of the column.7 kips Since each column will take half of the applied load. Pu. the total column capacity. is found simply by multiplying the area of steel by the allowable yield strength of the steel: Pa=AsxFa =( 42.34 in 2)( 20. A continuous 6 .3 8Cc (Kllr) 3 = 20.7 kips) =1741 kips 3.56 Thus. as illustrated in Figure 4. one on each end. Web doubler plates and web stiffeners were added to the beam for additional shear capacity and to increase resistance against buckling.56 ksi) =870.2 Beam Evaluation The frame has two identical beams.-<Cc r Kl [ 1- (Kllr)2] Fv 2Cc2 ' Fa=--~------~--~ 5 3( Kllr) -+ 3 8Cc ksi ----. twice the value of one column: PU(Total)' is Pa(TOlal)=2( 870. The web doubler plate added for 3/8 inch fillet weld connects additional shear strength is shown in Figure 5.

7 .Figure 4 Beams at both ends. Figure 5 End view of beam showing doubler plate and web stiffeners.

S. bf = 11. d = 35.940 inches Width of Flanges.85 inches Thickness of Web.544 in4 in4 8 . These stiffeners resist web buckling. The web stiffeners on the ends primarily resist local yielding caused by the column compressive loads and the two center stiffeners resist the tensile loads from the strong-backs on the connection plate. Beam Properties W36X 150 Area.950 inches Moment of Inertia. = bd3/12 = 4504 in" Fy = 36 ksi A modified moment of inertia and section Modulus need to be calculated for the combined section of the beam and doubler plate to permit the calculation of the bending capacity of the beam. = 9040 in" Section Modulus. top and bottom. The capacity of each beam is determined following the procedure outlined in Specification Chapter F of ASD (Ref. 1) in conjunction with the section properties listed in Table 2.2 irr' Depth. Table 2 Beam and doubler plate properties.625 inches Thickness of Flanges. tf = 0. = 0. This is done by combining the moment of inertia from each separate section as shown below: Ix(Torol) = 9040 in4 +4504 = 13.75 in2 I. A better view of the 1 inch web stiffeners is shown in Figure 6 on page 13. A = 44. this is not their primary purpose. = 504 irr' = 49 ksi (See Appendix C for Mill Certificate) = 68 inches Doubler Plate Properties 13/8" X 34" A = 46. I. t.the doubler plate to the beam flanges.

4 in > Ls = 0.3 ksi) = 148.9 ksi The maximum moment capacity of this section is found by multiplying the section Modulus by the allowable yield strength of the steeL 9 .000 (35.95 in2 Fy(Section) = = 0.2 in > 72 in = Ls = F» 20.25 in 2 )( 42. and.514 (36ksi) Since.2 + ADoubler + 46.544 in4 = Asemn = (44. ATolal = c 13.75) in 2 = 90.85 in/ 11. a weighted average based on the cross sectional area of the two components will be used in this analysis.000 (d/Af)Fy - 76(12 in) . 20. 76bf .925 in = 756 in3 Next.J42.3 ksi = 140.66Fy = O. the yield strengths of the W -section and the doubler plate need to be averaged to fmd the yield strength of the combined section.66(42.17.486 (49ksi) 42.JF.3 ksi + 0. A straight average would not be appropriate in this case.3 ksi) = 27.

Judging from strain gage data on the connection plates during initial testing.67 ft)2 = 437. 10 . this moment capacity is sufficient.9 ksi) = 21. it is necessary to determine what type of load is on the beam.5 k~ (5. however. the maximum load capacity is calculated as follows: Mmax =-- wt' 8 w = 8 M max [2 = 8 (1. 437. the strong backs connecting the beam to the connection plate made the load more similar to a uniform load distribution than that of a triangular load. the shear capacity of the beam is now determined. the total load capacity in bending is calculated by multiplying the uniform load by the length of the beam span.M max = 756 in3 (27. The strong backs will be discussed further in the evaluation of the beam-to-plate connection. this evaluation will assume a uniform load distribution. Using the maximum moment calculated above.758 kft) (5.092 kip-in = 1. or not. Since the connection plate is welded to the beam with a complete penetration weld along most of the length of the beam. A triangular load distribution was considered. 1).758 kip.5 kil~ it Thus.it In order to determine whether.67 it) = 2480 kips By using Chapter F4 of ASD (Ref. this is a good approximation of the actual loading.

the following calculations indicate much smaller deflections would be expected from this frame. r. The shear capacity is then multiplied by two to account for a reaction at each end of the beam.2 does not 11 . the calculated deflection is negligible. Using the limiting shear value of 2.6 kips Vtua= 2(1.544 in4) Thus. = 004 r.000 0.3 ksi) 16. need to be checked for compliance. Deflections of 111 0 inches could probably be tolerated.3 ksi h 34 in 380 380 -J . 1).3 00 kips.150. Finally.92 ksi(34 in)(2 in) 1. 5w/4 384El 5(33. The provision for local flange bending in Kl.301 kips Considering the purpose of the frame.6 kips) = 2.92 ksi Multiplying the allowable shear stress by the area gives the shear capacity of the beam.fF.150.8 kips/in) ( 68 inr (384)(29.024 in kSi)(13. v= 16. 004(42. the special design considerations in Chapter Kl of ASD (Ref. deflections must be held to a minimum.-=--<r====--tw 2 in 42. however.

3 = 1684 kips per column ksi) This demonstrates that local web yielding is not an issue. Without web stiffeners.85 in .. stiffeners need not 12 . R. The pipe walls act different than flanges on a W -section.5(4. Section K8 states.975 in > 1. equation Kl-5.940 11l in)2[1 + J 18 in. 0.66)(Fy) = 2 in[18 in + 2. equation Kl-3 yields a reaction force. Since.85 III )1..66)(42.2(4.)( '\ 35.7 and the web is subject to a uniform load. The check for web crippling. which is calculated as follows: R = tw(N + 2. yields similar results: R = 341w2[1 + ..~)(. Finally.:. "Stiffeners shall be placed in pairs at unframed ends or at points of concentrated loads on the interior of beams .5] V'42.5k)(0. ( 1/( ) dc/til' = 2.directly apply in this case because there is no concentrated flange force coming from the column. Although no web stiffeners are required. = 34(2 = 3441 f] FY"Mw 2 in. Furthermore.5.3 ksi(0. sidesway web buckling is not an issue for this design. web crippling is not a problem.8625 in)]/2 in lib! = -=----------=. the column load is distributed through a 1 inch thick cap plate.8625 in)](o.. sidesway web buckling is checked following the provisions of Section K1.940 inj2 in) kips per column Without web stiffeners.- 68 in/l1. they were added to this frame for extra safety and stability..3 [35.

welded top and bottom. the angles can swallow 13 . Thus. In conclusion. 3. Therefore. which is 5/8 inches thick. extend more than one-half the depth of the web.Figure 6 Front view of beam (typical).3 Connection Plate The connection between the frame and the test specimen presented the most challenges in designing this frame. requiring a minimum stiffener thickness of 5/16 inches. This exceeds the capacity of the columns. the beam is not the controlling factor in the frame capacity. the beam capacity is controlled by shear capacity which is 2. Hence. this frame far exceeds the minimum stiffener requirement. A 1 inch thick plate was chosen because most of the test specimens have a 1 inch space between the angle legs." The stiffener width must be greater than Y2the thickness of the column wall.301 kips. These stiffeners are placed at all concentrated load locations. This frame has 1 inch thick stiffeners extending the full depth of the web.

Figure 7 Connection plate with strong backs. The plate is connected to the beam with a built-up complete penetration weld using 70 ksi welding electrode. 14 . the connection plate and the bolts are placed in double shear. The strong backs are connected to the plate and the beam with 3/4 inch fillet welds using the same 70 ksi electrode. Table 3 lists the characteristics of both the strong backs and the connection plate. The plate with the strong backs is shown in Figure 7. Four strong backs were added for additional capacity.

Connection Plate 1" x 48" x 60" 1\t = 2.440 kips + 446 kips = 1886 kips 3. = 50 ksi 48" of complete penetration weld Fxx = 70 ksi Strong backs 1" x 5. The capacity of the strong backs is calculated by multiplying the strength of the 3/4 in fillet weld by the length of the weld: 11.4 Hydraulic Rams Two identical Power Team 500 ton rams are utilized in this frame.125 in) = 1.5" x 12" Triangle Ast = 4(54 irr') = 216 in2 F. the total tensile capacity of the connection plate is: 1.6 kips Therefore. 15 .440 kips (gross area) 0.14 kips/in (10 in)(4 strong backs) = 445.50( 65 ksi)(1 in)( 48 in-1.523 kips (net area) The gross area capacity controls.60(50 ksi)(1 in)( 48 in) = 1.880 irr' F. "The allowable stress F. the tensile capacity of the plate alone is: 0. The full area of the plate is considered since it is connected with a complete penetration weld. states. however." Hence. the strong back capacity is controlled by the effective area of the fillet weld. ASD (Ref.Table 3 Connection plate and strong back characteristics.50 F. Chapter D. Shall not exceed 0. 1). on the gross area nor 0.60 F. Table 4 lists the ram specifications provided by the manufacturer. = 50 ksi 3/4" fillet weld around the perimeter Fxx = 70 ksi The tensile capacity of this connection is simply calculated by multiplying the allowable tensile strength of the steel by the area of steel. on the effective net area.

Figure 8 demonstrates the beam-to-ram connection. This connection prevents a knuckle from forming between the rams and the beam. These plates Figure 8 Beam-to-ram connecition.Table 4 Hydraulic ram specifications. Power Team 500 Push Capacity: 500 tons Oil Capacity (Push): 1292 irr' Retracted Height: 26 21132 in Extended Height: 39 21/32 in Outside Diameter: 15 in Model Number: RD50013 Pull Capacity: 245 tons Oil Capacity (Pull): 639 in" Load Cap Diameter: 8 V2 in Piston Rod Protrusion Retracted: 1 1132 in Piston Rod Diameter: 8 in The rams were manufactured with a bolt pattern in the base of the ram so they may be used for pushing or pulling. Two 1 inch thick spacer plates are placed between the ram base and the beam flange. 16 . This bolt pattern was utilized to connect the base of the rams to the beam flange.

l. In consulting with several Figure 7 Ram piston-to-column connection. Together with the intermediate column bracing.distribute the load more evenly to the beam flange. the load cell is sandwiched between two 1 inch plates to prevent it from moving. 17 . As shown in Figure 9. allows a 1/3 increase in allowable stresses when designing for loads caused by seismic and wind forces. the piston guides prevent a knuckle from forming at this connection. The plate between the load cell and the ram piston has angle iron guides to hold the ram in place to insure that the ram piston engages the column exactly on the neutral axis of the column. AS. 1). The connection between the ram piston and the column cap plate is far more critical than the beam connection. ASD (Ref. Finally.

This plate would significantly increase the beam capacity. The engineer using the frame should consider all of the aforementioned factors when deciding which maximum capacities to use. Table 5 presents a summary of the capacity of each part of the frame demonstrating the normal design capacity and the capacity increasing the allowable stresses by 1/3. they suggest that the temporary loads in this frame should be considered similar to seismic and wind forces. There are several factors that support this idea: • • • • Loads are very temporary-l0 minutes maximum Column yield stress was conservatively evaluated at 36 ksi since it is unknown. Non-required web stiffeners add additional strength In evaluating the beam. the connection plate was not considered. all allowable stresses in this design could be increased by 1/3. Table 5 Frame capacity summary. It is likely much higher.structural engineers. Frame Part Capacity (kips) 1/3 Increase Capacity (kips) Columns Beams Connection Plate Hydraulic Rams Overall Capacity 1740 2300 1886 2000 1740 2320 3068 2515 2000 (no change) 2000 18 . Thus.

Utah. in Lindon.. All structural welds were placed by welders certified by the American Welding Society (AWS). Welding procedures recommended by AWS and the welding steel manufactures were followed.4 FABRICATION This frame parts were fabricated primarily in the shop of Adams and Smith. Inc. A&S is a general engineering contractor specializing in the erection of structural steel. Their staff of engineers and craftsmen are well-trained and experienced in all aspects of structural steel fabrication and erection. The hydraulic rams are also easily removed. (A&S). Mountain States Steel. Inc. 19 . cut and drilled some of the steel sections. A copy of the AutoCAD sketches used in fabrication are included in Appendix A for reference. as well. The columns are bolted to the beams so the frame can be broken down into its individual parts for ease of storage.

slight modifications may be required in the connection plate depending on the type of test. 4 other tests with 2L 4 x 4 x 1.5 TESTING After the frame components were assembled in the structures lab of the Clyde Building. These specimens were provided by Vulcraft's steel joist plant in Brigham City.0 in2 Ultimate Tensile Capacity * Sketches = 375 kips = 1430 kips of these specimens are included in Appendix B for reference. = 50 ksi Fit = 65 ksi A = 7. two tests were performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the frame. Strain gages were placed on various components of the frame as well as a white wash layer to detect stresses. This is to be expected due to the standard over-sizing of bolt holes. The bottom chords of two different Vulcraft steel joists were used for the testing. Utah. Table 6 Test specimen characteristics. The only indications of frame stress were found immediately around some of the bolt holes in the connection plate where the specimens were attached to the frame. At this time.2 chords have been tested with the same result. 20 . The characteristics of these joist specimens are listed in Table 6. The frame successfully fractured both specimens in a simple pull test. Some holes will stress until all of the bolts are engaged. This frame will be used for a variety of tests in the future.50 irr' Ultimate Tensile Capacity Test 2 2L 6 x 6 x 1 Fy = 50 ksi Fit = 65 ksi A = 22. consequently. Test 1 2L 4 x 4 X Y2 F. These tests show that the frame functions as it was designed to function.

Illinois. American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC). The Lincoln Electric Company. (1989). Chicago. Ohio. Cleveland. 21 . Manual of Steel Construction=Allowable Stress Design (ASD).REFERENCES 1. l3th Edition. The Procedure Handbook of Arc Welding. 2. 9th Edition. (1984).

APPENDIX A This appendix contains the fabrication sketches for the frame. 22 .

_~ --' Q c II II I I I I I I I I I I I I I I II II I II --0----. Q I c e e o c c Q c e e Q Q c Q Q Q c \v36X150 Figure A-I Overall frame view.. 23 .\J36X150 Q Q Q e o e o Q II II I I I -__.

"" 1" . t--l" c o c I c 0 0 c II e 0 Q 0 BASE PLATE wEB STIFFENERS) TYP \J36X150 Figure A-2 Frame components.. 0 0 0 I I I I 1/1 t-. 24 . Q c Q 0 Q Q o TON JACK) TYP TOP PLATE TOP PLATE PLATE C Q Q 0 Q 0 Q Q Q Q Q 1" I I I I I I 1 ~ 11/ --- I I I N ONNECTION ~I PE COLUMN I I I :I I I I I I ~ Q 0 I II II I II ..TENSION MACHINE \J36X150 .--50 ! Q TOP PLATE Q .

M (\j t x ( w z w I---< V T I . X W o W L .J . CY I. .:J I---< Z w I(/) I---< u._.:l .J <.. I(/) ~I "<.... (/) 00 <[ u...J!l._.--.Jf--w eJ~Q l.. X .. 0 Z <t _. W !Xl L....() o W L.J :<: .I o>-f-I~O Ow wI~ zU<t . ..J Z 0 t._j Q_ L.I o CY Q_ (/) > X W z:<:f-Ck:<tf-wwo f--coco f-I <t_.:J Z f(/) f-ZWQ wwz UVlW ... 25 ._o M o :3 <:» '" "<._.. u..<t~ w~w _..Q~ L <[ r--.I- '" a D:J ZU T Figure A-3 Beam cut sheet.. !Xl >- a L.....JVl !l.. <tf-_..:J z . u. I(/) >_.

_J 000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 000 0 cL '>-... ....... . <. W r=l <J: L:J il': u .... co 1'\ \J >-- CL <. 1---1 co . l~ W _J .. x co v x If) ..('1 <[ _j . ViM SS® W f<[ _j O_ .. S Figure A-4 Connection plate. (fJ co <... 26 . . I ) / - w z Z D U ...£1<.. ('1 WU U<J: <J:W I .. <[ fW H (I) W W (I) . r-.I V _J W W I(I) C) Z D 1---1 \J) <..... .. I- .

27 ._j y U . V) ::: w I OJ I o _j x ::: ["---..Q_ f- >.. (IJ <:> Figure A-5 Spacer plate between ram base and beam flange...-<w ~ ~ ~ ~ ~::: x~ V) <I ) I \D I ::: I _j(Y) Q_<[ OJ W ~ /--Ep~ I I ~ <I _j C\J ::: ::: (S) I / +-~------~----~---~--- I I O_ C\J W (/) ::: <I ~ OJ r>..

.-. _j . 28 .-.. Z ~ f- >.~ Q." OJ I . x " <o Q_ <. I I I o <I _j I I O_ 1-----1 I I I I I I I I I I ' I Figure A-6 Column cap plates. 2:= _j w 0 I x~ " (/) . .-.r-----~----------'-~------------.--<I~ & " \j) _j(Y) Q_<I D I U i.-. ~ " ~. f'. .

I (/) ~ _j o_ W C) <I I W ~ o Figure A-7 Web stiffeners.-< (/) CL W Z W LL LL I---l ~ W w f-C/) '-i) M ~ CD <. <I I r-. lJ) 29 . W Q_ 0 u ~ . ::::: 0' ~ ru .Q_ >f.

~ _j _j O_ Figure A-8 Strong back. <I r.ir C) w Ln [ o. 30 <I O_ [ <I W CD . D U CL LJ o Ln I r-.

.. 31 . I----" (J\ ::::: 0 I (J\ I----" I----" C) I W Ul <. OJ I----" C) ::::: 0 nJ W I----" <.I----" ... ::::: I (J\ I OJ I w I----" <. I . ::::: OJ I <. Figure A-9 Column-to-column cap attachment. ~I." nJ I----" <. (J\ ::::: . ro ~ I I----" <..o I----" (J\ nJ ::::: -.

.t ru ru ru ru ... ... C\J Z LJ L Z =:=J _j o .. 32 L <I LJ . · <.. C\J D co .t I I +-----1-412) C\J <. U I r=o Figure A-lO Beam flange-Column and connection plate attachment. ...C\J <.....iiii ---o C\J <.. I · D co I (Y) C\J .. r=o <:> ~ --0 I C\J · I M -. J --... . C\J .~r-~--r-~~.

I iu CD I . r M M n. M W ~ <I L Figure A-ll Beam flange-hydraulic ram and connection plate attachment.0 <.0 '.'. . '. Cl' w I o _J ru o OJ I I C\J ru y U ) o <I I .0 '-.:::-'-".

.! ~ <. j' ..... i) . w (J) Figure A-12 Doubler plate... "'J -Ih . 34 ..

35 .APPENDIXB This appendix includes the fabrication sketches of the test specimens fabricated by Vulcraft.

r I I I I I I I I' I I I j 12'-T ) TYP n 11) I I II I I I I I I FOR ALL CHO RDS 0 ::l ::l n 0' ::l e+ t- r- I I I I I I · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · I I I l:- ~ ~ f ~ ~ ~ r ~ · · I: \N36X150 SEE CHORD DETAILS Figure B-1 Overall frame view with test specimen length. 36 .TENSION \N36X150 . I I · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · i i :! ~ ~ f r .~-. \ MACHINE .

~ x ~ .2 connection detail.. ~ ~ X _j f---! N W 1---1 ~:3 <. ffiOC/) __ ~ I=:) W ~ I=l&XZ I H H ~><CC)1=l SOWO'<I: I D I ~ § ! ~ ~ ~ liI~ Q_ ffi<I:I ~W u « <... ('I) (11 ~ ~ Z 0 X u u til W <%: 0.. _j Figure B-2 L4 x 4 x 1. XC/) ::::: j _ lp:) <[ .::::: W CUI <.-... ... t-= :e 9 . til r-. 37 --- .

. 38 .. ~ ru V Figure B-3 L6 x 6 x 1 connection detail..: 0 CL Vl ~ z u _j ~ ? cp ¢ IL~ ? cp I ..: li:1 M <lJ Vl W cb I u <[ cp cb . _j 1---1 rb ~ CL I ru a:: <I fW H '" :r- <[ cP >- vJ w I eb 0 -' ~ <. <o :::: tr. 9 cp I I cb I U ~ N l7~ z 0 .x ..

17 .....TD.r...1k . I ! I : ..jf\I~ifj~fr==~=::!:!!~:::i-Oiiooo'l mL O'lAD~ ':"" *...:.. _Hj_ler M" v in:..::i5.. • c.. ~~~ ..... C!lOlICAL PROPtltnEli -. r""tO.. (.A and rolk ... TEST REPORT 'UQlElQl. l.:x.. '!or-y""*o Sl. (501)-763-9107 PAGf...iJ7r~.......11 """ ITUII .." . " j I i ':'~"II/)\l~'~~~ .:OIT A . . rllWit¥ri. I J'.O'----'ni~~mn'=t'Oiffiiiir--...un<T~:~:=.. ~r~'lf+Y/IO<fl -.I I I I I ...mrr-mfLi.J-fD':>-:>J.764 H . ~ "'" .llI£D ---Day of ------ BUCll _. I -"JAN 31 '87 15:37 STAnO F AJUtAlis. ~~" '" I 7m) ....D1'<·: ..01 .000 lJ8 3iS 30 . -- _Cl!A..:.n' ..I' .t1J.I...w mLD ....= :::.£. ( '...~!!v-o): l ME TIllS ..O~ . :2 ' .16 p S Si c.....j1Ul1l'~. .0 55' 1IS20 x233.i .ooo 6-1.....DI CO::O::h~ ll~ Fmoiiiirn 'i'.~=:::'L CO £B'd ltjlOl l&.. Cb n..u collNT\' of WSSlSSlPPl S1fOlUi re NlD SUMC!.. l::.01 .' • UOO .." All biJw'M ~d w.e. 39 ...02 ..APPENDIX C .c1f<37 .0) . i I '..01 .o....0) 61000 28 441 30 Hl 2. s..u~ . ~~~~~HiimF:lISii~rP.0 16.&iIUI'ACtUlUI Df !J.rl.)J ! soooo ~.... ~ h ... ....J!..002 ** £O'd SSS£ 6c[ cOL S>ldOf'l NOd 1 ON3d TOT~ PW.. I~ I.)ItCAL fT' ""'f' PKOPJ:IlTIES . J (.. Ipas B:<:: <:£1 . ~~----. ..." 1"~JJaI. 1T'UIIml . I •• e~t __ line VairI pr<ctla../ 1 11036 -150.G2 ** 9[:80 666T-Lc-lnf Figure C-l Mill test report for the W36 X 150 beam.Dr-'" CERTIFIED MIU.