CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE HOW IT WORKS

The ultimate aim is to trap carbon dioxide emissions before they are released into the atmosphere and inject the compressed gas into deep storage sites where it will remain stable for thousands of years

Electricity generating costs

CCS proposals
46

1

Coal or gas-fired power station captures CO2, rather than releasing it into the atmosphere

80%
the amount the government has to cut CO2 emissions by 2050

£ PER MW/h

Solar PV

1 Alstom Ltd Consortium, North Yorkshire Alstom, Drax and National Grid at Drax site at Selby. 2 Caledonia Clean Energy Project, Scotland Summit Power, National Grid and Petrofac at Grangemouth. 3 C.Gen, Yorkshire Dutch group C.Gen plans 450MW plant to be built next to Killinghome power station, near Humber Sea Terminal. 4 Don Valley Power Project, Yorkshire Proposed 900MW power plant at Hatfield Colliery. 5 Peel Energy, Scotland A consortium including Peel Energy, China’s Dong Energy, Petrofac, Fluor and Doosan proposing a 1,600MW coal and biomass plant at Hunterston, North Ayrshire, using CSS. 6 Progressive Energy, Teesside Progressive Energy proposed 450MW plant on Teesside with plans to also store emissions from other local plants under North Sea. 7 SSE Generation, Scotland The energy supplier SSE and Shell have plans for CCS on gas-fired plant at Peterhead. 8 Don Valley Scheme, Yorkshire Samsung, 2CO Energy and TPG plans to store CO2 from 650 MW coal plant in South Yorkshire in depleted oil fields in North Sea.

Wave

36.5

Tidal stream Offshore wind Coal and Gas CCS

26.5

15.5

15

2
UNMINEABLE COAL SEAMS

The CO2 is liquefied under high pressure so it can be pumped through a network of pipelines into deep under ground to be stored in depleted gas fields, aquifers or unmineable coal seams

Nuclear

10

Onshore wind Unabated gas

9.5

7.5

SO

LI

D

7

R

O

C

K

SALINE AQUIFERS
5 2 8

pumped down into 3 The CO2 isporous rock which previously held gas used for extraction. It is trapped from escaping by layers of solid rock above, just as the natural gas was trapped for millions of years
SOURCE: CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE ASSOCIATION GRAPHIC: JOHN BRADLEY

6 1 3 4

DEPLETED OIL AND GAS FIELDS

40 miles

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