# Chapter 2

Newton’s First Law of Motion— Inertia

Aristotle and his followers for many centuries thought Earth was at rest at the center of the universe because
a. humans experience no sensation of a moving Earth. b. Earth rotates about its axis. c. Earth moves in a perfect circle. d. Earth moves in an elliptical path about the Sun.

Aristotle and his followers for many centuries thought Earth was at rest at the center of the universe because
a. humans experience no sensation of a moving Earth. b. Earth rotates about its axis. c. Earth moves in a perfect circle. d. Earth moves in an elliptical path about the Sun.

Science greatly advanced when Galileo favored
a. philosophical discussions over experiment. b. experiment over philosophical discussions. c. nonmathematical thinking. d. None of these.

c. b. . philosophical discussions over experiment. None of these. d.Science greatly advanced when Galileo favored a. nonmathematical thinking. experiment over philosophical discussions.

. b. roll as long as its inertia nudged it along. c. soon roll in the opposite direction.Galileo said that if you rolled a ball along a level surface it would a. keep rolling without slowing if no friction acted upon it. soon slow down due to its natural tendency to come to rest. d.

soon roll in the opposite direction. keep rolling without slowing if no friction acted upon it. . b. c. d. soon slow down due to its natural tendency to come to rest. roll as long as its inertia nudged it along.Galileo said that if you rolled a ball along a level surface it would a.

halfway to its original height. higher than its original height. b. d.When Galileo rolled a ball down one incline so that at the bottom it rolled up another. he found that the ball rolled a. to its original height. . c. almost to its initial height.

. he found that the ball rolled a. almost to its initial height. halfway to its original height. c. b. higher than its original height. to its original height.When Galileo rolled a ball down one incline so that at the bottom it rolled up another. d.

According to Galileo. . c. force like any other force. inertia is a a. special kind of force. b. concept opposite to force. property of all matter. d.

d. force like any other force. property of all matter. inertia is a a. . c. concept opposite to force. b.According to Galileo. special kind of force.

c. b. d. .Which of these is NOT a vector quantity? a. Speed Velocity Force All are vector quantities.

d.Which of these is NOT a vector quantity? a. c. . b. Speed Velocity Force All are vector quantities.

inertia. d.When dishes remain on a table when you yank away a tablecloth. you’re illustrating a. SF = 0. c. . constant motion. friction. b.

friction. b. SF = 0. d. you’re illustrating a. . inertia.When dishes remain on a table when you yank away a tablecloth. c. constant motion.

an inward spiral path. a curved path.If gravity between the Sun and Earth suddenly vanished. d. c. Earth would continue moving in a. . a straight-line path. an outward spiral path. b.

c. b. an outward spiral path. d.If gravity between the Sun and Earth suddenly vanished. a curved path. . an inward spiral path. Earth would continue moving in a. a straight-line path.

in a curved path.A space probe in remote outer space continues moving a. c. . due to gravity. because some kind of force acts on it. b. even though no force acts on it. d.

even though no force acts on it. in a curved path. d.A space probe in remote outer space continues moving a. b. c. . due to gravity. because some kind of force acts on it.

d. remains in the middle of the cart. When you quickly jerk the cart forward. c. All of these are possible. b. the ball a.Consider a ball resting in the middle of a cart. hits the back of the cart. . depending on how quickly the cart is pulled. hits the front of the cart.

. Explanation: The ball tends to remain at rest. depending on how quickly the cart is pulled. All of these are possible.Consider a ball resting in the middle of a cart. hits the front of the cart. the ball a. b. and the back of the cart intercepts it. d. When you quickly jerk the cart forward. so the back of the cart and the ball hit each other. c. remains in the middle of the cart. hits the back of the cart.

100 N to the left. A boy pushes it to the right with a 50-N force. The net force exerted by the girl and the boy is a. b. 50 N to the left. d. 50 N to the right. 100 N to the right. . c.A girl pushes a cart to the left with a 100-N force.

b. 50 N to the left. 50 N to the right. 100 N to the left. The net force exerted by the girl and the boy is a.A girl pushes a cart to the left with a 100-N force. 100 N to the right. c. . A boy pushes it to the right with a 50-N force. d.

. c.When a 10-kg block is simultaneously pushed eastward with a force of 20 N and westward with 15 N. 35 N east. 35 N west. 5 N west. d. the combination of these forces on the block is a. 5 N east. b.

c. . d. 5 N west. 35 N east.When a 10-kg block is simultaneously pushed eastward with a force of 20 N and westward with 15 N. the combination of these forces on the block is a. 35 N west. b. 5 N east.

slightly more than 5 N. slightly less than 5 N. c. b. the tension in each rope is a. d. 10 N. . 5 N.When a 10-N object is suspended at rest by two vertical strands of rope.

5 N. slightly more than 5 N. . d.When a 10-N object is suspended at rest by two vertical strands of rope. b. 10 N. the tension in each rope is a. slightly less than 5 N. c.

are in equilibrium. the tensions in the two supporting ropes a. depend on the relative weights of Burl and Paul. combine to equal zero. c. d. b. are equal. .When sign painters Burl and Paul stand on opposite ends of a scaffold.

are equal. d. then more weight is supported by Burl’s rope and tension in it is greater. . c. the tensions in the two supporting ropes a. then tensions in both ropes would be the same. b. depend on the relative weights of Burl and Paul.When sign painters Burl and Paul stand on opposite ends of a scaffold. If Burl is heavier than Paul. combine to equal zero. Explanation: If they have equal weights. are in equilibrium.

cancel to zero. the tensions in the two supporting ropes would a. . be unequal. more easily support Burl and Paul. be equal. d. b.If Burl carried Paul piggy-back while standing in the middle of a scaffold. c.

cancel to zero. more easily support Burl and Paul. . b. be unequal. d. the tensions in the two supporting ropes would a. c.If Burl carried Paul piggy-back while standing in the middle of a scaffold. be equal.

800 N. The tensions in the ropes that support the scaffold they stand on add to 1700 N.Burl and Paul have a total weight of 1300 N. b. 500 N. 600 N. . The weight of the scaffold itself must be a. d. 400 N. c.

Burl and Paul have a total weight of 1300 N. 400 N. d. . The tensions in the ropes that support the scaffold they stand on add to 1700 N. 600 N. c. b. 500 N. The weight of the scaffold itself must be a. 800 N.

10 N.Place a book that weighs 10 N on a table and the support force on the book is a. b. c. d. . slightly greater than 10 N. dependent on whether the book is flat or stands upright. slightly less than 10 N.

. c. d. b.Place a book that weighs 10 N on a table and the support force on the book is a. slightly greater than 10 N. slightly less than 10 N. dependent on whether the book is flat or stands upright. 10 N.

SF = 0. Neither of these. Both of these. objects or systems at rest.The equilibrium rule. objects or systems in uniform motion in a straight line. applies to a. . b. c. d.

.The equilibrium rule. objects or systems in uniform motion in a straight line. objects or systems at rest. SF = 0. b. Neither of these. applies to a. Both of these. d. c.

somewhat less than its weight. .The net force on any object in equilibrium is a. b. c. 10 meters per second squared. equal to its weight. zero. d.

equal to its weight. 10 meters per second squared. . b. zero. somewhat less than its weight. d. c.The net force on any object in equilibrium is a.

during. has negligible inertia compared with the Sun. and after your jump. . b. moves in an opposite direction to you. the wall doesn’t slam into you at 30 km/s. has too little gravity to influence you. This is because the wall a. d.Earth moves about 30 km/s relative to the Sun. c. When you jump upward in front of a wall. and you are moving at the same horizontal speed before.

has negligible inertia compared with the Sun. during. c. . b. the wall doesn’t slam into you at 30 km/s. and you are moving at the same horizontal speed before. has too little gravity to influence you. and after your jump.Earth moves about 30 km/s relative to the Sun. d. When you jump upward in front of a wall. moves in an opposite direction to you. This is because the wall a.