 ISA defined as the rate of flow of water into the concrete surface per unit area at a stated interval from the start of the test at a constant applied head and temperature  Proposed by Ganville in 1931 .

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Advantages  the main advantage ISAT is a quick and simple non destructive in situ test method  also used on exposed aggregate and profiled surfaces provided a water tight seal is achieved Disadvantages  difficulty of watertight seal  measured property is greatly affected by moisture conditions of concrete  200mm head of water is quite low .

application  quality control test for precast concrete units that can be tested whenever they are dry  also be used as comparative test on insitu concrete for assessment of potential durability .