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Page 1 of 3
Slope Review
1. What’s the slope of a perfectly horizontal (left/right) line?
2. What’s the slope of a perfectly vertical line?
3. What’s the slope of a line segment that has the endpoints (0,2) and (6,4) ?
4. What’s the slope of a line segment that has the endpoints (0,0) and (3,2)?
Important Stuff
1. At every angle in the unit circle there’s a radius. You can find the slope of each of the
radiuses radii. For example, at ° 45 the radius passes through the points (0,0) and


.

\

2
2
,
2
2
, so ) 45 ( ° slope is 1.
angle x = ) (x slope
0
30
45 1
60
3
90
120
135
150
180 0
210
225
240
270 Undefined
300
315
330
360
Definition: The ) (x slope function is also known as ) tan(x .
Tangent Function Name:________________________
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2. Is ) tan(x positive or negative in the first quadrant? Second quadrant? Third quadrant?
Fourth Quadrant?
3. Graph ) tan(x y = on the coordinate plane below.
4. We defined ) tan(x as the function that keeps track of the slope of the radii around the
unit circle. Some people define it in terms of ) sin(x and ) cos(x . Let’s derive that
definition of ) tan(x from our slopedefinition.
a. Suppose that at angle x, the ycoordinate is b and the xcoordinate is a. What is
the slope of the radius at angle x?
b. Now, replace “a” and “b” with the fancy names for the xcoordinate and the y
coordinate that we’ve been using in trigonometry.
c. Fill in the blank in the definition below:
Definition: The ) tan(x function can also be defined in terms of ) sin(x and ) cos(x , in the
following way:
= ) tan(x
5. What’s the domain of ) tan(x y = ? What’s the range? Is it onetoone?
6. Is the inverse of ) tan(x y = a function? Why or why not?
3
2
t
÷
2t ÷
2
t
÷
t ÷
2
t
3
2
t
2t t
Tangent Function Name:________________________
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Interesting Stuff
7. Prove that
) ( cos
1
1 ) ( tan
2
2
a
a = +
8. Change the range of ) tan(x y = so that its inverse could be a function. Then graph
) ( tan
1
x y
÷
= on your graphing calculator to see how the computer handles the inverse
of ) tan(x y = .
9. Prove that ) ( sin ) tan( ) sin( ) cos(
2
x x x x =
10. Prove that
) tan(
) cos(
) sin(
) sin(
1
a
a
a
a
= ÷
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